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Kingdom Building, Geo. R. Leavitt 

Not a Sect, J. K. McLean . 

Everlastingness of our Work, E. N. Packard 

On the Frontier Line, L. H. Hallock . 

The Bible and Nebraska Schools, H. C. Herring 

One Work, Geo. C. Adams . 

Statehood for Oklahoma, J. H. Parker 

City Church Extension, Edw. Lincoln Smith 

From the Life of a Worker, J. D. Kingsbury 

Congregationalism in Colorado, James B. Gregg 

Patriotism or Compassion, A. A. Berle 

The Sailor, Alexander McKenzie 

Religious Work at St. Louis Fair, Cornelius H. Patton 


The New Home Missionary — Departments — Is it Read ?— Nebraska Investments — To 
Contributors — To the Workers — A Utah Protest. 



A Trumpet Call — Potency of Prayer— Important Reinforcement at Horn* — Open Mind- 
edness— Strike Now, by J. Willis Baer— Who Will Go: Who Should Go? by 
Washington Choate— Words of Cheer— Christian Vigor in Alaska — Notes by the 
Way— Paragraphs from New Articles and Books. 


The Right Sort of Appeal— A Decision Day — Among the Cattle Ranges — Reclaim- 
ing a Desert — Work Among the Children — Our Arctic Work — A Musical Sugges- 
tion—Nine Days' Wonder— Self-Support in Fifteen Years — Kindly Reminder to 
Eastern Pastors— Public Spirited— Good Returns — Ministry to the Sick — A Frontier 
Town — A Watchful Church — Ethics and Congregationalism. 

WOMAN'S PART ....... 

One Woman, Mrs H. S. Broad ...... 

The Motive That Prevails, Mrs. Washington Choate 

Rugs or Crazy-Quilts, Mrs. Lydia T. Bailey .... 

Love's Labor Not Lost, William P. Hardy 


Closer Supervision of the Weak Churches, Dan F. Bradley— A Tentative Proposi- 
tion, A. J. Bailey— Shall We Enter ?— The Call of Texas— A Suggestion. 

















Congregational Home Missionary Society 

Newell Dwight Hillis, D.D., President 
Joseph B. Clark, D.D. Washington Choate, D.D. 

Editorial Secretary Corresponding Secretary 

Don O. Shelton, Associate Secretary 
William B. Howland, Treasurer 

Executive Committee 
Edwin H. Baker, Chairman Charles L. Beckwith, Recording Secretary 

Joseph Wm. Rice Watson L. Phillips, D.D. Rev. William H. Holman 

George P. Stockwell Edward P. Lyon William H. Wanamaker 

Thomas C. MacMillan Frank L. Goodspeed, D.D. 

Edward N. Packard, D.D. Reuben A. Beard, D.D. 

N. McGee Waters, D.D. 

LEGACIES. — The following form may be osed in making legacies: 

I bequeath to my executors the sum of dollars, in trust, to pay over the same in 

months after my decease, to any person who, when the same is payable, shall act as Treasurer of the Congregational 
Home Missionary Society, formed in the City of New York, in the year eighteen hundred and twenty-six, to be applied 
to the charitable use and purposes of said Society, and under its direction. 

HONORARY LIFE MEMBERS.— The payment of Fifty Dollars at one time constitutes an Honorary Life Member. 

Edw. P. Ingersoll, D.D. 
Rev. John De Peu 


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The Story of American Home Missions 

By Dr. J. B. CLARK 

Secretary of the Congregational Home Missionary Society 

Full I2mo, illustrated, net, $1.25. (Postage JO cents) 

For some time there has been felt among all church workers a need of a careful history of American 

home missionary work. Dr. J. B. Clark's book is carefully written with the assistance of the Secretaries 

of the Boards of other denominations and will make a standard history of home missionary work. 


The object of this series is to furnish brief histories of the several denominations written by the lead- 
ing historians of each sect. The books will average only about forty thousand words, and are calculated 
to interest the average church member, as well as the student of church history. 

The Baptists 


Professor of Church History in Crozer 

Theological Seminary 

Small I2mo, with frontispiece, net, $1.00 

(Postage 8 cents) 

Dr. Vedder is an authority on American Church 
History and a specialist in the history of the 

The Presbyterians 


Secretary of the Board of Home Missions 

of the Presbyterian Church 

Small !2mo, zaith frontispiece, net, $1.00 

(Postage 8 cents) 

No position in a denomination brings a man 

more closely in touch with the present work and 

history of a Church than the Secretaryship of the 

Board of Home Missions. 

God and Music 


I2mo, cloth, net, $1.25 

(Postage 10 cents) 

A study of the relations between God and 

Present=Day Evangelism 

Secretary of the Evangelical Committee of the 
Presbyterian Church 
I2mo, cloth, net, 60 cents. (Postage 6 cents) 
A handbook on the basis of which the work in 
an individual church, or in a community, may be 
successfully organized. 

&he BAKER 4 TAYLOR CO., 33=37 East 17th St., N. Y. 



Published bjr 
' Gt-'orgeH.Daniets.Cenera) Pafiscngpr Agent 

Sold by newsdealers. Send five cents for a 
sample copy, or fifty cents for one year to 
George H. Daniels, General PassengerAgent, 
Grand Central Station, New York. 

Rudolph Lenz 

62-65 Bible House 

New York 








86 Fourth Avenue NEW YORK 




vol. lxxvii APRIL, 1903 

NO. 1 



Kingdom Building 

IN coming to Wisconsin it has 
blessed me to have my concep- 
tion of Home Missions made 
definite. What do I mean? I 
will try to tell in a few words. 

1. I have come to know the field. 
Tt has taken time and study as I had 
not realized; arc! travel and untiring 
attendance at meetings of the churches, 
and visits to mission stations, and 
reading of missionary literature, with 
a continual self reminder that the Mi- 
pire State of Wisconsin is only a f 1 ag- 
ment of the wide field. The founda- 
tion of interest in Home Missions is 
in knowing the field. Every minister 
should know the Home Mission field. 
I see it now. And every layman. 
Why not? 

2. In some way I have had a vision 
of the field. Knowledge and vision 
are two things. Vision is a spiritual 
fact. It is a sight of the Kingdom of 
God, and the nature of our work as 

kingdom building. All our Gospel 
work is kingdom building. Home 
missions is kingdom building em- 
phasized. Cecil Rhodes was an em- 
pire builder, Marcus Whitman was a 
kingdom builder. The difference is 
infinite. Kingdom building is c . an- 

In Beloit we have just experienced 
a Gospel revival, the most remarkable, 
perhaps, in the history of the college 
and the city. I have realized anew 
the vital reality of revival, if you 
please, the old-fashioned revival. It 
has v'- passed. It never will pass 
with an evangelizinp" church 
the renewed sense of the immeasur- 
able value of a true revival, this 
thought has come to me : This which 
we have seen is of the essential nature 
of our Home Mission work ; its cur- 
rent history. It is kingdom building 
by evangelization. This is the reason 
why we have" in our Home Mission 
records a continuous history of re- 
vivals. In no part of the wide field 


is the Master's work done more truly 
in the Master's own spirit. 

3. I see, as once I did not, the prim- 
acy of our Home Mission work. Yes! 
of Home Mission work. We are to 
go into all tl.e world ; sacrifice and 
serve in every land. We accept the 
com ' ;sion ; but there is no dis- 
tinction worth making between home 
work nd foreign work. Home work 
is foreign work. Nowhere is there 
more heroic Christlike service than in 
Home Mission fields. Because I have 
found this more definite view, I pray 
and give, and in every way interest 
myself for Home Missions as for 
years with all my interest I did not. 
May God forgive me. Am I mis- 
taken in the conviction, that if minis- 
ters and laymen, in any general way, 
might obtain this definite view ; that 
knows the field, and seeks and realizes 
a z'ision of the field, it would be per- 
fectly easy to raise a million dollars a 
year for Congregational Home Mis- 
sions ? 


Not a Sect 

Our Congregational polity is the 
solvent of sects. We are not in the 
ordinary sense of the term even a de- 
nomination, we are the common meet- 
ing ground of denominations. We 
are the goal, the moving stake, the 
home field for the denominations, the 
ground on which at last they shall 
stack their differences. We are the 
only ground upon which this can be 

Grand and glorious as are the his- 
tory and achievements of our sister 
denominations ours has in it what 
none other has. Our polity is the 
only one under heaven, or which even 
heaven can produce, ample enough, 
free enough, and fit enough to fur- 
nish a common ground for all the de- 
nominations. When all worshipping 

souls! of men are confederate in local 
churches, which shall be left free each 
one to choose its own articles of belief 
subject only to Christ, free to follow 
each its own preferred forms of wor- 
ship and ministration, meanwhile lov- 
ingly and freely yield like freedom to 
all other worshipping bodies near and 
far, yet with bonds of fellowship and 
co-operation drawn tight, close, 
strong and Christlike, what will be 
lacking for an ecclesiastical millenni- 
um? And how close upon its heels 
must tread the millennium universal ! 
Home missions ought, therefore, to 
mean to us gloriously more than to our 
brethren of any other communion. 
They mean to us all they mean to 
others — souls saved to Christ, beacon 
lights of hope and help set up on the 
dark highways of men's sins and sor- 
rows. But with us these things 
mean even more. Everv new church 
of the Pilgrim type means a new way 
mark on the trail of the millennium : a 
new potency for the day when, eccle- 
siastically speaking, there shall be nei- 
ther Greek nor Jew, circumcision nor 
uncircumcision, barbarian, Scythian, 
bond nor free; but where Christ is 
all and in all. 


The Everlastingness of Our 

Everybody knows the story of the 
man who sat a long while by the bank 
of a river without moving and ex- 
plained that he was waiting for the 
river to run by. Some people and 
some churches seem to be in the same 
mood as to our missionary work. 
They are waiting for the day to come 
when these endless calls for sympathy, 
prayers and money will let up; when 
the black brother will have his rights, 
and his school and church, the Indian 
have amalgamated or died out, the 


"West" will have become filled up 
and strong enough to take care of it- 
self, and Ethiopia cease to stretch out 
her hands unto> God and America. 
But that will never be. The river 
will never get by. Our Lord has laid 
down the programme which will see 
no change. "This gospel of the king- 
dom shall be preached in all the world 
for a witness unto all nations and then 
shall the end come." Everlasting 
gospel, everlastingly preached until 
the world shall have really heard and 
had the fair opportunity to respond. 
Then cometh the end of the dispensa- 
tion. And the argument from the 
facts is plain. What we call the 
"West" will be filling up for a cen- 
tury and its demands will be without 
intermission. Meanwhile conditions 
will be constantly changing in the 
older part of the country through the 
growth of the cities and the decay of 
the villages and the incursion of the 
foreigner. Massachusetts has as 
much Home Missionary work to-day 
as it had a half century ago and it will 
be the same a half century hence. 
The little church, East or West, will 
be helped to its feet, clothed and fed 
for a while, then go alone and help 
others, then grow feeble and need the 
hand stretched out again. 

Across the sea, in our own posses- 
sions or elsewhere, it is just the same. 
The everlasting gospel must be ever- 
lastingly preached, translated, exhib- 
ited in consecrated lives, till the end 
comes. The day when it would be 
wise or safe for the foreign mission- 
ary to abandon the churches and the 
work in Africa or India or China to 
the care of the native Christians has 
not begun to dawn as yet. 

Our first duty, then, is to accept 
the tremendous fact and not faint nor 
fail nor become discouraged. We 
must not grow impatient and demand 
new things just to arouse a transient 
interest and lift us over a hard spot. 
What is there new in our work? 
Nothing! What is there new in rais- 
ing children? Nothing! And yet the 
grace and Providence of God are 
always new, like an April morn- 

ing with the returning birds. Deep- 
en the springs of spiritual life. 
Broaden the view of the king- 
dom of God. Get nearer to Him 
who called the world his field 
and whoi said that the laborers were 
few, the day short and the reward 
great. Hear Him saying: "Till the 


On the Frontier Line 

There is always a frontier to Ameri- 
can civilization. Always the need of 
heroism on the frontier line. Stories 
of early days in New England, their 
privations, hardships and self-denials, 
are full of romance and arouse the 
thrill of ancestral pride if one of the 
Pilgrim settlers was a begetter of our 
family in some past generation. But 
while the glamour is greater, the hero- 
ism was no more then and there than 
here and now in this Western world 
of wide horizons and broad prairies. 

From this height of privilege in 
favored Minneapolis, I lift my pen 
to plead for the stalwart men and no- 
ble women who are ministering to 
those who fell forests and work mines, 
living in C3 ps and roughing it in- 
sistently through storm and stress, to 
carve a Christian future from these 
rich and rolling acres. 

I have this moment in hand a letter 
from a man in Northern Minnesota, 
who walked 17 miles on railroad ties 
to hold meetings at a lumber camp, 
with Bible and hymn-book stra t ,jed 
upon his back, and there between two 
rows of bunks, with not a single piece 
of furniture save a box stove, a pile 
of wood and a grindstone, preached 
the sweet Gospel to hearts that warmed 
toward the Master and his messenger, 
even at 40 below zero in the Minneso- 
ta woods. A twelve-mile walk the 
next day to attend a funeral — and thus 
the missionary self-denial is worthy of 
a Paul or an Eliot or a Paton. 

Self-denial is not confined to past 


ages, or foreign fields. Heroes still 
live in America, and still "endure 
hardness as good soldiers of the 
cr< iss." 

And when the seat of Empire shall 
be located without dispute in this Mis- 
sissippi Valley, when an unrivalled 
Christian civilization shall have been 
enthroned in these "Seats of the 
Mighty," not a little of the deserved 
honor will be due to these hardy home 
missionaries who are quite as brave 
and enduring as the fortune seekers 
whom they toil to save. All honor 
to the Gospel pioneer on the fighting 
line .of our Home Missionary out- 
posts ! 


The Bible and Nebraska Schools 

The Supreme Court of Nebraska 
has recently been wrestling with the 
question of the Bible in our public 
schools. The facts in the case are 
briefly these : In a certain district of 
the State an infidel had long been pro- 
testing against the reading of the Bible 
in the school attended by his children. 
The matter finally reached the court 
of last resort, and a decision was ren- 
dered which seemed to say that any 
reading of the Bible in the schools 
is a sectarian act, and, therefore, in 
violation of the letter and spirit of the 
laws under which the public school 
system exists. Lovers of the Bible 
secured a re-hearing, and a new opin- 
ion (not written by the same judge, 
it may be remarked), explained that 
the former decision only intended to 
say that if the Bible is read under 
such circumstances or in such way as 
to favor the special views of any re- 
ligious sect, its reading is not permis- 
sible. Whether it is thus read must 
in each case be left to the judgment 
of the school board, subject, of course, 
to judicial review. This leaves the 
matter about where it always has been, 
and indeed, where it alwavs oue;ht 

to be. No argument is needed to 
prove that a system of schools sup- 
ported by general taxation, must not 
be used to propagate the views of any 
religious sect large or small. On the 
other hand, it ought not to require 
argument to prove the right and duty 
of a State to choose between religion 
and irreligion and to admit to its 
schools what it deems the greatest 
text book on religion, using it along 
the broadest lines, in order that as 
few as possible may feel aggrieved 
and as many .is possible receive benefit. 
If this ideal is to be carried out in a 
positive and constructive way it must 
be through the growth, the earnest- 
ness, the wisdom of our Protestant 
churches. For in the last resort the 
question will always be settled by 
public opinion, local and general. To 
create and maintain such opinion of 
the right and wholesome type is one 
missionarv work. 


One Work 

We are a long way from head- 
quarters, but the emphasis on the one- 
ness of the work is great ;~ the prob- 
lems here are almost the same as they 
were in Missouri, the only difference 
being of greater ability to handle 
them ourselves. We sometimes think 
we have started on a new line, or 
found a new topic, and just as we have 
gotten interested in it we find it is 
just what our brethren in the East are 
discussing, and their thought and ours 
are the same. Steam and electricity 
have made it easier to have one coun- 
try now than it was to have one state 
fifty years ago. These agencies, with 
the improved work of the press, have 
made a more homogeneous popula- 
tion in the nation now than was found 
in some States half a century ago. 
The fear is groundless that because 
the world is pouring its children of 
all races into every part of this land, 
there must be danger of division. 


There is no chance for such distinc- 
tions as Norman and Saxon kept up 
in old England ; no class can perma- 
nently keep aloof from every other 
class in America. Even the effort to 
make a favored class fails, because 
they who talk and write fine theories 
on these subjects are childless, or 
nearly so, while the great laboring 
class still have large families, who 
get the benefit of the common schools, 
and grow up American. So our 
missionary work in every part takes 
on much the same type, varied only by 
differences in climate, or kinds of 
labor, or the fact that those we deal 
with have not yet become as thorough- 
ly incorporated in the national life 
as they soon will be. The same Gos- 
pel, preached to all these differing 
kinds of people, is the greatest agency 
in making them one. 


Statehood for Oklahoma 

May I say a few words on this sub- 
ject which is commanding the atten- 
tion of the nation ? I know nothing of 
the fitness of Arizona and New Mexi- 
co for statehood at the present time, 
only as I read, therefore present no 
argument for the Omnibus Bill, but I 
do know Oklahoma. Am an '8o,er, 
having lived here over thirteen years. 
Allow me to state in the fewest num- 
ber of words possible the reasons why 
Oklahoma should be granted state- 
hood now. 

i st. The people of Oklahoma want 
statehood. Some want Oklahoma a 
State by herself, of which number I 
am one. Some would have Indian 
Territory annexed, nation by nation, 
as the tribal relations of the Indians 
are adjusted and property becomes 
taxable, and both become one State. 
Others would have both Territories 
admitted now as one State. All want 
statehood in some form or other. 

2nd. Our population of over a half- 
million give us a right to statehood. 

3rd. The homogeneousness of our 
population emphasizes the demand for 
statehood. Over ninety per cent, are 
American born. 

4th. The character of the inhabi- 
tants commends Oklahoma for state- 
hood. In general intelligence and 
moral calibre Oklahoma will grade 
ahead of any southwestern State and 
shoulder to shoulder with Kansas. 

5th. In material growth and pros- 
pect no portion of our country excels 
her. More railroad building was done 
in Oklahoma during 1902 than in 
any State, and promises to be as 
much this year. Every village and , 
city is growing, and new ones are be- 
ing started. Manufactories are multi- 
plying. Cereals, vegetables, fruit and 
cotton are bringing their* millions into 
our coffers. 

6th. Our educational and religious 
institutions should be an unanswerable 
argument for Oklahoma's witnesses 
for statehood. A University, an Agri- 
cultural College, two Normal Schools, 
well housed and well equipped, with 
Christian men at the head of all, good 
high schools in our larger ' ; es, and 
an excellent common school system 
tell the story of the public interest in 
education. Our Congregational Col- 
lege, the pioneer, and two academies, 
a Baptist College in its first year, a 
Methodist University under North and 
South Church in process of erection, 
Presbyterian and Quaker academies 
speak the beginning of an essential 
Christian education. These schools 
with over a thousand church organi- 
zations, many of them housed, ought 
to be an irresistible plea for Christian 
statesmen for our admission into the 
sisterhood of States. Our grand old 
Home Missionary Society, with those 
of the other branches of Christ's 
Church, has had a shaping hand in 
this preparatory civic work which only 
eternity can reveal. A State without 
schools and churches has no place in 
our Union. 



City Church Extension 

The greatest of all our missionary 
problems to-day is the problem of 
City Evangelization. More of our 
people are constantly found in cities. 
The cities are our financial centers, 
our political strongholds and our hot- 
beds of crime. The people, men, 
women and children, are here. To 
establish the personal, home, corporate 
and municipal life of these throngs 
upon the Christ foundation is the 
problem of the hour. 

Unless Christ be put in control and 
Christian principles dominate the 
thought and activity in these great 
and growing centers, woe betide us. 

The problem in the cities of any 
single State is too great for one su- 
perintendent. The task is to shift the 
responsibility upon each city for the 
evangelization of its own people, arous- 
ing interest, perfecting organizations 
and securing support for a work which 
shall not only accomplish what is 
needed within the municipality but 
also bring that work into co-operation 
with the work of the nation. In every 
city, the down town church is needed 
but a large central church in the heart 
of a city, and nothing else, all the 
forces of the denomination central- 
ized in the building up of a single in- 
stitution, is a grave mistake. It is 
fatal to the Christian nurture demand- 
ed by the times. The problem which is 
thrust upon us by non-religious homes 
and non-religious public schools will 
never be met through the centraliza- 
tion policy. The colonization idea is 
the correct one. 

Churches should be organized in 
neighborhoods that are populous and 
not supplied with such privileges, so 
that a Sunday-school, attractive and 
well equipped and scientifically man- 
aged, may be within walking distance 
of every home. The large central 
church means large expense for street- 
car fares, much time wasted in Sun- 
day travel, the disintegration, or 
rather, the non-formation of the 
neighborhood spirit. It means, also, 
many children who will never reach 

the denomination center left entirely 
out of touch with religious influences. 

The churches of a denomination in 
a growing city, or, if they are too few, 
then those of the county should or- 
ganize themselves into a Church Ex- 
tension Society, supporting without 
missionary aid their own superintend- 
ent, or scout, who would co-operate 
with the National Home Missionary 
officers, but be responsible to the local 
churches, and whose work would be 
one of the strongest ties binding those 
churches together 'and the means of 
cultivating a strong loyalty to the de- 
nomination and to the Kingdom. 

Along such work of planting and de- 
veloping Sunday-schools and churches 
to strong, independent life and vigor- 
ous influence in the city community, 
the most thoroughly trained men from 
our universities and seminaries may 
find the place of largest influence in 
the country to-day. 


From the Life of a Worker 

I am just returned from a north- 
ward trip, and am now off again. I 
had to house up three days for repairs. 
Up in that country houses have no 
plaster, no under pinning, no cellar. 
They are built of wood and paper. 
The house is a wood tent. Water 
freezes in your room. Often fifteen 
below zero. You get plenty of bed 
cover, but the cold comes up. 

It is a nice problem to keep warm. 
Well, take a flannel night shirt, over 
it a flannel wrapper. Then take your 
steamer rug, wind it about you, then 
put on your crochet slippers with 
lamb's wool soles, draw your night 
cap over your head, and lie down to 
pleasant dreams, with the coat of four- 
teen coyottes spread over you as an 
added comfort. 

We had our dedication at Council, 
a terminal city, the present gateway of 
"Seven Devils." Large congrega- 


tions, three preaching services and 
communion. Ours the only church. 
It would have done you good. More 
good things are in store. 

I was at Huntington last week. Am 
to be there next Sabbath. Do you 
finally realize that these two points 
are gateways to an opening realm in 
Eastern Oregon? 

At Malheur City, in the mountains, 
there is no church. Mining camp. 
Stamp mills going in. Population 
ready to fill up all the gulches. Satan 
with singing girls and bowls of punch 
there already. Never fear about Sa- 
tan. He will have the work all ready 
for us. Twenty people have signified 
that they want a church. It will be 

This is a sample. Eastern Oregon 
is alive with the picks of prospectors, 
the dumps of ore, the falling stamps 
and the output of gold. I am organ- 
izing for work. We must have $2,- 
000 for that Eastern Oregon field. I 
shall tell you more. There is a future 
history. There is to be enlarged Con- 
gregationalism there. 

A church has probably already been 
organized at Summit in Buffalo 
Hump. We shall fill the mountains. 
We shall unite the Seven Devils in 
the South with Coeur d'Alenes in the 
North as the churches increase. 


The Opportunity of Congrega- 
tionalism in Colorado 

There are many reasons why Colo- 
rado ought to be a strongly Congre- 
gational State, the Massachusetts of 
the vast country west of the Missis- 
sippi. Apart from the Mexicans in 
the southern part of the State, the 
foreign population is very small. The 
enthusiasm for education is ardent. 
Colorado spends more money on her 
public schools per capita than any 
other State in the Union except 

Massachusetts. The electric atmos- 
phere of these high altitudes makes 
still more alert and active-minded, 
men and women already intelligent, 
open-hearted, enterprising in temper, 
to (whom the untrammelled and pro- 
gressive spirit of the Congregational 
Church is peculiarly congenial. Colo- 
rado College, with its high standards 
of culture, its influential president, its 
strong corps of professors, its large 
student-body and its general attract- 
iveness, makes powerfully for Con- 
gregational interests in the Common- 

Let me bear witness to what I have 
myself seen of the way in which 
the Home Missionary Society has 
strengthened and extended Congrega- 
tionalism in Colorado since I began 
my ministry in Colorado Springs 
twenty-one years ago. January 1st, 
1882, there were twenty-seven 
churches in the State. January 1st, 
1903, there were eighty-eight. The 
total Congregational membership has 
increased from 1,081 to 7,599, more 
than sevenfold, twice as fast ' as the 
population. The Sabbath School 
membership from 2,265 to 9,585, over 
fourfold. The home expenditures 
have a little more than doubled ; the 
benevolent contributions, (observe this 
item, for it is significant) have in- 
creased from $1,755 to $12,582 more 
than sevenfold. The largest increase 
has been in benevolences. Only four 
churches receiving aid from the Home 
Missionary Society in 1882 are re- 
ceiving aid from it to-day — Leadville, 
Coal Creek, Trinidad and Buena 
Vista. All four of these are mining 
towns, two, coal, the other two gold 
and silver. A little over one-third of 
our churches have not yet come to 

That churches aided by the Society 
sometimes give back to its treasury 
far more than they receive may be il- 
lustrated from the history of the First 
Church of Colorado Springs. This 
church was aided for four years to 
the total of $1,650. In the twenty- 
five years since, it has contributed to 



home missions upwards of $7,300, or 
much more than fourfold what it had 
received from that Society, while its 
total henevolences in that period 
amounted to over $31,000. 

I draw this illustration from my 
own church, because the figures are 
more fully at my command ; but there 
are other churches in the State which 
are splendid illustrations of the wise 
investment of home missionary 
money, notably Plymouth Church in 
Denver, which in the twelve years of 
Dr. Bayley's pastorate has assumed 
self-support, become able to pay its 
minister a salary of $4,000, and has in- 
creased its membership from about 
sixty to about six hundred, the largest 
of our denomination in the State. 
Colorado College, when I came to Colo- 
rado Springs, had sixty-eight students 
and one building ; now it has nearly 
six hundred students and eleven 
buildings and is one of the foremost 
colleges in the West. Congregation- 
alism is a powerful force in Colorado 
to-day, but it could be made a far more 
powerful force if our scanty appropri- 
ation of $12,000 from the Society 
could be increased to $24,000. At the 
meeting of our State Committee in 
February, we recommended appro- 
priations for thirty-three churches ; 
but our superintendent put before us 
a list of forty-four other places where 
new work ought to be started. Colo- 
rado is an empire, territorially a good 
deal larger than England, Scotland 
and Wales. To go by rail from our 
church at Julesburg in the northeast 
corner of the State to our church in 
Cortez in the southwest corner in- 
volves a journey longer than from 
Boston, Mass., to Cleveland, Ohio. It 
is a State of immense resources, nine- 
tenths of which have still to be de- 
veloped. For the most part it is still 
a frontier State. This State is worth 
Congregationalizing, but it will need 
generous help from the East for years 
yet to do it. Ultimately, as I have 
shown above, Colorado will abundant- 
ly repay all the home missionary 
monev that is invested within her bor- 

ders. Our Home Mission fields pay 
better dividends than our mines. Of 
this I am sure, that, if wealthy Con- 
gregationalists in the East would put 
as much money into our Home Mis- 
sionary churches as they sink in our 
mines they would get larger returns 
for their money. Therefore, brethren, 
open your purses to Colorado's needs ! 
But remember that "he who gives 
quickly, gives twice." The more gen- 
erously the State is helped now, the 
sooner it will come to self-support and 
"To this our longing soul aspires 
With ardent hope and strong desires." 


Patriotism or Compassion 

So much has been written about 
the patriotic aspect of home missionary 
enterprise that it seems worth while 
to call to mind that the patriotic mo- 
tive, worthy as it is, and impelling 
to great and wonderful sacrifices for 
the uplifting and evangelization of the 
home land, is not the ultimate nor even 
the abiding motive in home mission 
work. There is probably no land in 
Christendom, where such a motive as 
the patriotic one has so secure a foun- 
dation in the religious life and exter- 
nal history of the nation as among us. 
Yet even with us it is not and cannot 
be the ultimate nor the most powerful 
one. In the first number of the Nciv 
Home Missionary it is speedily need- 
ful that this should be brought clearly 
before the mind. 

The motive which moved Christ was 
that he saw the multitude as sheep 
without a shepherd and was on this 
account moved with compassion for 
them. And this constitutes the great 
appeal, that the mighty multitudes in 
this land are without the shepherding 
of Christ — without the hope and the 
inspiration, without the comfort and 
the sustaining strength, with none of 
the sweet and gracious consolations 


and utterly without the mighty assur- 
ances with which the Gospel of Christ 
abounds. We shall make good citi- 
zens of this land when we make disci- 
ples of Jesus Christ, and it is becom- 
ing more and more true that citizen- 
ship is a citzenship in humanity rather 
than in any land, however favored or 
wonderful in its genius, institutions 
or resources. We must seek to make 
disciples of Christ in fact, in spirit, in 
habits, in devotion and attention to the 
life and the love which the spirit of 
Jesus imparts. The Home Missionary 
Society is not in the first instance a 
patriotic institution. It is first and 
foremost an instrument for telling the 
good tidings of the Gospel. It is a 
means for shepherding the multitudes 
that wander about shepherdless. All 
that comes to the land in the course of 
its labors in patriotic devotion and ' 
sincere and honest service, comes as 
the result of this, the first and prior 

The Home Missionary Society is a 
religious organization and its great 
ends to be secured are religious ends. 
Its methods are religious methods and 
its governing motives and controlling 
enthusiasms must be religious. Let 
us never forget this. Let us never 
lower the standard of the Gospel to 
any merely national height, not even 
if that national height be American. 
Commodore Phillip used to boast that 
the only flag which surmounted at 
the mast-head the Union Jack was 
the prayer signal of the Gospel of 
Christ. Let us not reverse this order 
in our thought, our hope or our en- 
thusiasm. Christ for America is a 
better rallying cry than America for 
Christ. The one lies in thought-link- 
age with the universal rule and the ul- 
timate triumph of Christ in the whole 
world as Saviour and Lord ; the other 
sounds too much of an annexed prov- 
ince to the dominion of a temporal 

The ultimate motive is the compas- 
sionate love of Jesus Christ for shep- 
herdless souls, the saving of those who 
cannot save themselves, the finding of 

the lost, the upholding of the weak, 
the restoration of the erring. The 
gaze of Christ is fixed on the souls of 
men rather than on their relations of 
citizenship, education or social form. 
It is Love alone that never faileth. 
Whether there be patriotism or educa- 
tion or social regeneration or better 
housing, or whatever else, these shall 
pass away. But Love never faileth 
and the love for the souls of America's 
millions will cause all hearts to hasten 
to bring Christ to them as Shepherd 
and Lord. 



The Sailor 

It is a pleasant surprise to have a 
large Congregational Society take any 
notice of the sailor. We have indeed 
one denominational society which is 
entirely devoted to his interests, but 
only a scanty recognition can be ob- 
tained for it ; in the publications of 
the denomination it is ignored. It is 
not even counted by those who< make 
up the list of our societies. When a 
protest against this neglect is occa- 
sionally made, the only answer is that 
the Sailors' Society is not "National." 
Now a national society is one whose 
work is through the nation, which 
would rule out the American Board, 
or it is one through which churches 
of the nation work, and that describes, 
or should describe, the Sailors' So- 
ciety, whose seat is naturally on the 
seaboard. If the churches of the 
country do not work through this 
agency they have no Congregational 
Society for sailors, and one should be 
organized immediately, for all the land 
depends upon the sailor, and should 
be mindful of him. Civilization is 
largely dependent upon him. For- 
eign missions would be difficult with- 
out his aid. Indeed, more than any 
other he is the indispensable man. 

He is a man ; with the powers and 
needs of a man. His peculiarity is 
that his work is upon the sea where 



he is cut off from home and church 
and school and nearly all we value. 
So far as possible, he should be fur- 
nished with that which will min- 
ister to his comfort and safety. 
He is at times in port, and al- 
most always in a foreign port. 
I [e should have friends wherever he 
goes and a home; should have coun- 
sel and protection ; should have the 
hand and word of Christian men and 
women. He is more than willing to 
be received as a man. The Congre- 
gational Society for Seamen, the only 
one we have save a few that are local, 
is ready to do a national work for 
these men of all nations who are most 
likely to be found where there are 
ships. Under what form of mission- 
ary activity this should be classed it 
is not easy to say, for it is both Home 
and Foreign — it is Christian and Na- 
tional. The man whom it helps goes 
over the world as the witness of Chris- 




Religious Work at the St. Louis 
World's Fair 

The scope of the World's Fair, to 
be held in the city of St. Louis in 
1904, celebrating the centennial of the 
Louisiana Purchase, is hardly real- 
ized by the country at large. With a 
larger site than the one available for 
the Columbian Exposition at Chica- 
go, a larger fund of money, a larger 
horizon of national life, a larger par- 
ticipation on the part of foreign na- 
tions, and a larger experience based 
upon the Chicago fair, there is every 
reason to expect that the St. Louis 
Exposition will be the greatest of_its 
kind in the history of the world. 

It is being projected on the mo'st 
magnificent scale, covering every de- 
partment of human endeavor and in- 
terest. It is thought that the readers 
of "The Home Missionary" will be in- 
terested in knowing something of 
plan of the churches for religious 

work in connection with this great 
national event. 

In the first place, it is absolutely 
settled that the gates of the exposition 
are to be closed on the Sabbath. For 
the credit of the directors of the ex- 
position, and the members of the Na- 
tional Commission, it should be said 
that it never has been the intention 
to have the Fair open on the Sabbath. 
Certain organizations have given out 
through the press the impression 
that this recognition of the Sab- 
bath has been gained only af- 
ter a bitter struggle, in which the 
St. Louis directors were arraigned 
against the forces of religion. I am 
in a position to state that such is not 
the case. The closing of the exposi- 
tion on the Sabbath, however, serves 
to emphasize the fact that all sorts of. 
gambling and immoral exhibitions and 
questionable allurements will be wide 
open in the section of the city adjoin- 
ing the Fair, while the saloons, thea- 
tres and dives in the heart of the city 
will expect to do a flourishing busi- 
ness. Already our city has become 
the mecca of sundry agents of the 
devil, and unless the churches can 
combine for an effective religious 
campaign, and for the safe-guarding 
of the morals of the young men and 
women who will come here by hun- 
dreds of thousands from the farms of 
the Southwest, and from our villages 
and all over the country, the prob- 
ability is that more harm than good 
will be done by the exposition. The 
churches are thoroughly aroused to 
the gravity of the situation, and the 
greatness of their opportunity. Each 
denomination is planning to bring its 
strongest preachers to St. Louis dur- 
ing the World's Fair period, so< that 
our pulpits will be manned not only 
by an effective pastorate, but by dis- 
tinguished divines from other parts of 
the land. But more important than 
this is the union movement of the 
churches represented in the Evangeli- 
cal Alliance for the carrying on of a 
general campaign during the entire 
six months of the exposition. At a 
luncheon held recently In' the leading 



pastors and laymen of the various de- 
nominations, Rev. Campbell Morgan, 
D.D., was present and received the 
unanimous invitation of the confer- 
ence to take full charge of the relig- 
ious campaign contemplated. Dr. 
Morgan was deeply impressed by the 
enthusiasm and the religious earnest- 
ness of the gathering, and while he 
has not formally given his answer, it 
is understood that his mind is made up 
to accept. He is to attend a larger 
conference early in April for the pur- 
pose of giving formal answer to the 
invitation ; and, it is understood, in 
order to outline his plan of campaign. 
He has already suggested three con- 
ditions under which he may accept the 
call of the churches of St. Louis. 

i. There must be in hand before 
the Fair a sum of money not less than 

2. All evangelical churches must 
heartily unite in the movement under 
his leadership. 

3. He must have an absolutely free 
hand in inviting whomsoever he 
pleases to assist him in the work. 

All of these conditions have been 
accepted by the churches in a large 
mass meeting held shortly after Dr. 
Morgan's departure. The Finance 
Committee is already at work seek- 
ing to raise the necessary fund. 

While it is impossible to speak of 

any plan in detail, it may be proper 
to mention that Dr. Morgan hopes :o 
establish one central place for serv- 
ices, possibly in a temporary audi- 
torium erected for the purpose, or 
in our large music hall, where preach- 
ing will be conducted every evening" 
for six months. For this work he 
hopes to obtain the assistance of the 
great English evangelist, Gipsy Smith, 
in whom he has unbounded confidence. 
Branch services will probably be con- 
ducted in various parts of the city in 
great tents or halls convenient for 
the purpose. 

The exact scope and method of the 
campaign can only be developed un- 
der Dr. Morgan's personal superin- 
tendence. He will probably come to 
the city three months before the Fair 
and preach in every church connected 
with the campaign. We all believe 
him to be a leader strong in every 
quality needed at this juncture. When 
the proper time comes the Congrega- 
tionalists of St. Louis will endeavor 
to notify every Congregational church 
in the country of the religious serv- 
ices to be conducted here during the 
Fair and of the special opportunities 
in connection with our own organiza- 


^T^HE value of this department wilt, be apparent to 
every careful reader. The Editor desires to main- 
tain it at the level indicated, and to make it even 
better if possible. Contributions are solicited from 
pastors and laymen, from church leaders and missionary 
superintendents, and from young men interested in the 
Christian civilization of America. Brevity is essential ; 
variety will be sought in the distribution of themes ; 
and vivacity is always in order. Contributions will be 
gratefully accepted, and will be used so far as they are 
pertinent to- the aims of the magazine. 



The New Home Missionary 

IN the judgment of wise and ardent 
friends of the Society, the time 
has come when its organ of 
communication should be made 
a worthier expression of its aim and 
work. Missionary annals are impor- 
tant. The churches demand and have 
a right to know what is being done 
in return for the money and prayers 
invested. But missionary annals are 
not the whole of Home Missions to- 
day. The Home Missionary horizon 
has marvelously expanded since 1826, 
until there is scarcely a problem of re- 
ligious progress engaging the thought 
of intelligent Americans, that has not 
its home missionary aspect. Church 
planting, which is the direct function 
of the Society, has' come to include 
every moral and social question for 
which churches stand, every civic and 
national interest in which Christian 
people have a stake. Christian Edu- 
cation, Temperance, Law, Order, 
Moral Living and enlightened Patriot- 
ism are to-day home missionary prob- 
lems. This truth was not so apparent 
seventy-five years ago as it has now 
become. Time has clearly proved that 
the spring of American civilization is 
the Church of Christ, and the Society 
that plants churches, enters into the 
life of the people in a way that no 
other organization, whether social, 
political, or economic, can ever enter. 
It is this larger aspect of the work that 
calls for a new emphasis and demands 
a stronger expression in the monthly 

issues of the Society. It is possible 
that a new name may be required to 
give it voice, but certainly a new ban- 
ner and battle cry are the need of the 
hour, and what can be more inclusive 
and illuminating than "Christian 
Civilization for Our Country." 


In seeking to strike this higher note, 
there must be room for all, and the 
table set before our friends in this 
number is surely long enough to ac- 
commodate all. If not it shall be 
lengthened. Our "Friends who have 
a Thought" will find here an invitation 
to every bright man in the country 
who has a helpful idea to give it brief 
and pointed expression. "Brevity, 
Variety, Vivacity" must be the motto 
of such a department ; especially 
brevity, for the average man will read 
ten pages of brief, crisp articles who 
could not be persuaded to read one 
article of ten pages. You know how 
this is : when you want readers or 
hearers you come to the point quick 
and stop. 

The "Open Parliament" is free to 
all for the discussion of questions and 
methods germane to home missionary 
progress and should be of peculiar 
value to those who have been put in 
trust by the churches of their mission- 
ary work. "Fair and Friendly" should 
be the spirit of such a department. 
The "Editor's Outlook" will seek to 
gather up and give voice to the salient 



points of the work as they develop 
from month to month. Thirty days 
never pass that do not require some 
cry from the watchman you have set 
upon the wall. "Frank and Urgent" 
should be the editorial motto. "Wo- 
man's Part" will appear to hundreds 
of patriotic women East and West 
who have success to record, sug- 
gestion to utter, motive to en- 
force, or question to discuss. "The 
Young People's Movement" is a new 
but rapidly opening interest into 
which Associate Secretary Shelton 
will throw the enthusiasm which has 
always distinguished his labors for 
the youth of the land. ^'Along the 
Battle-Line" is a call to every home 
missionary pastor to contribute th'e 
best he has for informing, enlightening 
and inspiring the churches with the 
story of his work. Thus laboring 
together, a message may go forth from 
these rooms every month in the year to 
command the attention and reward 
the interest of our Congregational 
Churches. Its success will depend 
upon the hearty and continuous co- 
operation of many friends. We have 
such friends. Their good will has 
been often proved. Here is a splendid 
opportunity for proving it once more, 
and in ways that should be fruitful 
of great advantage to the cause that 
we cherish and to the country we love. 

Is It Read? 

The question is often asked. Doubt- 
less in these days of plethora when 
printing presses fairly ooze with at- 
tractive monthlies, a certain fraction 
of our missionary publications is ne- 
glected and left unread. This is in- 
evitable, but it is not so widely true 
as some have supposed. When by any 
accident our magazine is belated in its 
monthly appearance many inquiries 
from disappointed friends testify to 
their interest in receiving it. When 
venturing, as we sometimes do, to 
make known the special needs of 

some church or missionary, the re- 
sponses from many quarters often ex- 
ceed the demand and compel us to 
check the supply. More significant 
still, again and again in the Society's 
history we have been gladdened by 
generous gifts or bequests from 
friends whose very names were 
unfamiliar. The only clue to 
their interest is found on the 
mailing list of the magazine, where 
their names have stood for ten, twenty 
or thirty years. In the light of these 
experiences our faith in the value of 
the Home Missionary has naturally 
grown. We believe that its cost has 
been covered many times by the gifts 
of its readers and what has been thus 
true in the past, will, we believe, be 
more signally true in the future, with 
a more worthy magazine and a wider 
circle of readers. 

Nebraska Investments 

Nebraska holds the place of honor 
in this number with an illustrated 
article. Dr. Harmon Bross, the writ- 
er, has been in continuous service of 
the Society as General Missionary 
and Superintendent since 1884. The 
length of this service is the clearest 
possible testimony as to its value and 
the sagacity with which it has been 
rendered. The office of missionary 
superintendent is one that demands 
continual exercise of fine tact and 
Christian common sense. During all 
these years Dr. Bross has enjoyed the 
full confidence of the churches of Ne- 
braska, as well as that of the officers 
of the Society. Missionary interests 
of the State have been developed with 
wisdom guided by caution, and few 
missionary fields have a better record 
of progress to show. Christian edu- 
cation has also been kept well to the 
front, and one cheering proof of this 
interest is seen in the fact that for 
some years the State of Nebraska 
shows the lowest percentage of illiter- 
acy of any Commonwealth of the 



To Contributors 

There are in all our churches bright 
men and women who think much and 
have much to say about home mission- 
ary problems, both direct and related. 
They often say it to themselves and in 
small circles of friends, and they often 
wonder that their thoughts have so 
little currency. Only wings are want- 
ing. Send that thought to the Home 
Missionary. It will then fly abroad 
and find its way into twenty thousand 
homes and quicken twenty thousand 
readers. Thought will beget thought. 
Sympathy will follow, and sympathy 
means united, aggressive action. Your 
good thought is a good seed, of no use 
while hidden in the garner, but of 
mighty power when hidden in the 

To the Workers 

Not every quarterly report is mat- 
ter for publication, though of value to 
the secretary and the committee as a 
matter of business. But in every field 
there are incidents, experiences, re- 
sults, throwing much light on the 
meaning and value of home missions 
and of absorbing interest to intelli- 
gent readers of this magazine. Pas- 
tors need them for illustration. 
Givers need them for the quickening 
of interest. Doubters need them for 
the cure of unbelief. Children and 
youth need them for their educating 
power. Think on these things, fel- 
low workers at the front. You are on 
the battle-line. Every month you see 
and come to know things that would 
stir the hearts of your friends and 
supporters. Give your experience a 
shape worthy of publication and be 
sure they will not return to you void 
of fruit. 

A Utah Protest 

We are in receipt of the able pro- 
test of citizens of Utah "against the 
admission to the United States Sen- 
ate of Reed Smoot, apostle of the 
Mormon Church." The document is 

temperate in its tone, strong in testi- 
mony and argument, and satisfying to 
the reason of thoughtful American 
Christians. Disclaiming all malice 
to Mr. Smoot and the people he seeks 
to represent, waging no war against 
his religious belief as such, or denying 
him unquestioned freedom of thought 
and action within the law ; seeking to 
deprive him of no natural or political 
right he is fitted to exercise, the au- 
thors of this protest do solemnly deny 
to him the right either natural or po- 
litical to the high position of Senator 
of the United States, wherein "to 
\Vage war upon the home, the basic 
institution upon whose purity and per- 
petuity rests the very government 
itself." Their protest is based upon 
the ground that Mr. Smoot is one of 
a self perpetuating body of fifteen 
men, the ruling authorities of the Mor- 
mon Church, claiming divine right to 
control the conduct of those under 
them in all matters civic and religious, 
temporal and spiritual, and who "do 
so exercise the same as to inculcate 
and encourage a belief in polygamy 
and polygamous co-habitation." 

The document culimates in these 
vigorous words : "We submit that 
however formal and regular may be 
Apostle Smoot's credentials or his 
qualifications by way of citizenship, 
whatever his protestations of patriot- 
ism and loyalty, it is clear that the ob- 
ligations of any official oath which he 
may subscribe are, and of necessity 
must be, as threads of tow compared 
with the covenants which bind his in- 
terest, his will and affections, and 
which hold him forever in accord with 
and subject to the will of a defiant 
and law breaking apostolate." 

Among the nineteen signers of the 
document we are pleased to see the 
name of Dr. Clarence T. Brown, pas- 
tor of the First Church, Salt Lake 
City, and recently acting Superin- 
tendent of this Society in Utah. 

Here is more than a mere political 
issue, and every friend of his country 
has a large interest in its proper 



vest m e nts 
have for many 
years supplied 
the most pop- 
ular and at- 
tractive open- 
ings for east- 
ern capital. 
And where eastern money has gone, 
the affection of the east has followed. 
In the very heart of the nation and at 
its territorial center lies the magnifi- 
cent State of Nebraska. For more 
than fifty years it has both furnished 
the typical home missionary plea and 
has been pointed out as one of the 
best products of home missionary 

The present Congregational plant in 
Nebraska is all the result of home 
missionary investment. The 210 
churches with 15,000 members, church 

property to the value of about $800,- 
000; our Sunday Schools and En- 
deavor Societies, our Doane College, 
with its splendid history, and our four 
academies so happily placed for fu- 
ture usefulness, are part of the capi- 
tal and interest alike. If there are 
two or three of these churches that 
have not received home missionary 
grants, they are yet in a true sense the 
outgrowth of home missionary effort. 
In crossing the Missouri River to 
continue in this commonwealth the 
work so well begun in Iowa, the So- 
ciety chose a good region in which to 
make its early investments. Abiding 
results in church work are found in 
agricultural regions. If the wealth of 
a territory is in great forests, these 
will disappear; if in mines, they will 
be exhausted ; but a commonwealth 
which holds a vast area of rich, deep 
prairie soil in the corn belt, has the 



basis of great and permanent pros- 
perity. This promise of material 
growth and prosperity which the early 
settler found here fifty years ago has 
been more than fulfilled. The com- 
monwealth whose fields yield 250,- 
000,000 bushels of corn and 30.000,- 
000 bushels of wheat in a single year 
with live stock interests netting 
$150,000,000; with wide fields of al- 
falfa and sugar beets, has the re- 
sources on which to subsist a dense 

Col. J. R. Buchanan, General Pas- 
senger Agent of the Elkhorn Road, 
in his address, January 21, 1903, be- 
fore the State Board of Agriculture, 
says of the enterprising population of 
the state : "We have created over 
122,000 farms, covering over 30,000,- 
000 acres, and have nearly 20,000,- 
000 remaining for grazing and hay." 
Specifying the products of these lands 
for the year 1902, 
and summing up 
the total, he says: 
"I feel warranted 
in saying that it 
is actually $300,- or over. 
The three sugar 
beet plants of the 
state have a total 
capacity of 25,000,000 pounds per an- 
num, and the fruit and dairy interests 
have assumed large proportions." 

Commencing work in Nebraska 
less than fifty years ago, our 
people could easily see also that 
they were in the line of the larg- 
est development of Congregational in- 
terests. Iowa Congregationalists have 
spoken of Iowa for years as the Mas- 
sachusetts of the West. Nebraska 
lay next. 

Nebraska Congregationalism was 
happy also in having for its founders 
two such men as Rev. Reuben Gay- 
lord and Rev. Isaac E. Heaton. Both 
of these men had splendid training 
ifor the important work they were 
called to do. 

The former had for his bovhood 
pastor the Rev. Ralph Emerson, who 
after a pastorate of fourteen years at 


Norfolk, Connecticut, became Pro- 
fessor of Ecclesiastical History, and 
Pastoral Theology in Andover Sem- 
inary, and was the father of Prof. Jo- 
seph Emerson, of Beloit College. 

Converted in a widespread revival of 
religion at fifteen years of age, young 
( iaylord soon chose the ministry for 
his life work, was prepared for col- 
lege at Norfolk Academy and gradu- 
ated at Yale. After nearly two years 
of teaching in Illinois College he re- 
turned to complete his theological 
studies at Yale Theological Seminary 
in 1838. He came at once to Iowa for 
pioneer work, antedating the arrival 
of the Iowa Band by five years. 

Soon after the passage of what is 
known as the Kansas-Nebraska bill, 
which threw open these two states to 
the battle between slavery and free- 
dom, and when many people felt that 
the preliminary skirmish on the con- 
tinent was to be fought here, Mr. 
Gaylord felt his blood tingle with pa- 
triotic fervor as well as religious en- 
thusiasm to have part in the contest. 
And so, as he had been among the 
very first to preach the Gospel this 
side of the Mississippi, he was the first 
to cross the Missouri for permanent 
work in this state. 

Rev. Isaac E. Heaton was born in 
the historic town of Franklin, Mass. 
He prepared for college at Wrentham 
Academy and graduated at Brown 
University. While studying theology 
with Dr. Ide, of Medway, he also 
found his thoughts and interest turn- 
ing to the great West. 

Married at Franklin, 1836, or- 
dained to the ministry in 1837, he 
started immediately for his home mis- 
sionarv field in southern Wisconsin, 
where, as a teacher and in home mis- 
sionary work for eighteen years, he 
served an apprenticeship that pre- 
pared him to be a master builder in 
this new region. 

As an illustration of Mr. Gaylord's 
patriotic spirit, Mr. E. J. Cartlidge, af- 
terwards secretary of the Burlington 
Land Company and deacon of the First 
church, Lincoln, wrote of an experi- 
ence, in the First church, Omaha, July 



4, 1863. "A small party consisting' of 
my family, and that of my sister ar- 
rived at Omaha on the 3d of July, 
and attended the Congregational 
Church the next day. We had driven 
out the rebels from Missouri, and I 
was out on a furlough, but it seemed 
to us the darkest time of the rebellion. 
It was a very solemn and interesting 
occasion. It was the day for the cele- 
bration of the Lord's Supper. There 
were no deacons left in the church to 
officiate at the communion service. 
All were away in the service of their 
country. This Sabbath was a day of 
great anxiety. It was known that a 
great battle was impending near Get- 
tysburg, and surmised that the same 
might be true at Vicksburg. I can 
well remember how our hearts were 
encouraged and our faith in God's 
providence and care for our nation 
strengthened by Mr. Gaylord's prayer 
and his timely words.'' 

The freedom of Kansas and Ne- 
braska and the freedom of the whole 
country from slavery form part of the 
returns for home missionary invest- 
ments in the West. 

When Mr. 
Heaton reached 
Fremont, Octo- 
ber 28, 1850, 
there was not a 
shingled roof in 
the whole town, 
although some 
fshanties h>a d 
been c o m - 
menced. The 
First Church, Omaha, was organized 
May 4, 1856, with nine members. The 
church at Fontanelle, now extinct, 
but out of which the Arlington church 
grew, was organized May 10, 1856, 
and the Fremont church dates its 
organization August 2, 1857, com- 
mencing with seven members. In 
that same month these two pastors, 
with delegates from the three 
churches met and organized the Gen- 
eral Association of Nebraska. 

Progress was slow at first, for the 
rush of settlers in those earlier years 
was toward Kansas, where the heat of 


the battle seemed to be, and the Home 
Missionary Society with men and 
means followed the hosts battling for 
righteousness and freedom. At the 
end of the first decade there were only 
seven churches, eight ministers and 
210 members. The foundations, how- 
ever, had been laid for church exten- 
sion and for christian education. 

With the close of the war in the 
spring of 1865, the attention of the 
country was directed toward the de- 
velopment of this western region and 
the union of East and West by a 
transcontinental railroad. Along the 
valley of the Platte, which had been 
the highway of wagon trains since the 
Whitman emigration to Oregon, the 
Union Pacific began laying its iron 
rails, and in 1869 the golden spike was 
driven, fastening these iron bands 
which united the Atlantic shore with 
the Pacific coast. The capital of the 
new state was removed to Lincoln, 
and population which thus far had 
been directed toward Kansas began 
to seek the prairies of Nebraska. 
Many soldiers, attracted by the repu- 
tation of the state and by the oppor- 
tunities afforded by the Homestead 
Act, came with their families to make 
their homes here. Then came the 
building of the Burlington road, the 
founding of Doane College, and the 
rapid multiplication of churches in 
the South Platte region. With the 
extension of the Elkhorn and Mis- 
souri Valley railroad (Northwestern 
line), in 1884-7. the present Superin- 
tendent was sent as General Mission- 
ary to northern Nebraska and a large 
group of churches in that part of the 
state was added to the list. 

The building of the Burlington into 
new territory in southwestern Ne- 
braska brought a flood tide of emi- 
gration into that region and through 
the efficient work of Rev. George E. 
Taylor, General Missionary for ten 
years in that part of the state, 
churches were organized, houses of 
worship and parsonages built. Dur- 
ing this period FranklLi Academy 
was founded at Franklin, Gates Col- 
lege, now Gates Academy, at Neligh, 



Weeping Water Academy, at Weep- 
ing Water and Chadron for the north- 
west. President D. B. Perry, D.D., 
who has been for thirty years at the 
head of Doane College, commenced 
his work in Nebraska as pastor of two 
or three pioneer churches, and under 
the commission of the Home Mis- 
sionary Society in 1872. 

With the rapid development of ma- 
terial interests in the midst of the 
third decade the churches entered 
upon the era of church and parsonage 
building, and they now own 174 meet- 

for benevolent work outside of their 
own borders, $370,000. This latter 
sum has helped in planting churches 
and Sunday Schools on the frontier ; 
in church building ; in the evangeliza- 
tion of the despised races in our own 
country, and in preaching the Gospel 
across the seas. These benevolent of- 
ferings reach $47,210 in a single year. 
The churches now give to the A. B. 
C. F. M. one-third as much as the 
total yearly grant of the Home 
Missionary Society to the state. 

The grants to the Omaha First 

Rev. H. C. Herring, Pastor 

ing-houses and 99 parsonages. With 
some few churches like those of Om- 
aha First and Fremont, the church 
now occupies its third house of wor- 

From a money point of view, the 
Home Missionary Society has in- 
vested in the state $649,504 and the 
churches have already paid back ^77,- 
757, or about 12 per cent, of the in- 
vestment. For the work of evangeli- 
zation in their own neighborhoods in 
the support of pastors, Sunday 
Schools, in houses of worship and 
parsonages, these churches have raised 
in round numbers $2,600,000, and 

church in its earlier years represented 
aid to many other points in the vicin- 
ity, for Air. Gaylord preached to the 
surrounding region and shepherded 
other little churches. But even on 
the basis of the total of these grants, 
($6,150), it has been a splendid in- 
vestment. In a single year the gifts 
of this church for its home field 
reached $38,445, and its offering for 
work outside its own borders $17,036. 
The total raised for its own work, so 
far as reports are available, reaches 
the sum of $202,000, and for outside 
work $40,000. One member of this 
church, now passed on to the church 



triumphant, by his superb leadership 
and gift of $12,000, made possible 
the splendid Y. M. C. A. building of 
that city, with its immense ministry 
of good. Besides large amounts in- 
vested in the Congregational churches 
of Omaha, the church sent out its gift 
to other churches in the state to aid 


them in securing houses of worship ; 
putting a roof on one building; fur- 
nishing windows for another ; and 
giving money to pay the last bills on 

One of the daughters of the First 
church, St. Mary's Avenue, had only 
two grants, aggregating $1,250, and 
in three years after reaching self- 
support, contributed $3,614 to benevo- 
lence in one year, $7,640 for its 
own work, and in three years had put 
back into the Home Missionary treas- 
ury more than the whole amount it 
had received. 

A good illustration of large returns 
received from a single grant of home 
missionary money is found in the his- 
tory of the First church, Lincoln. 
In the autumn of 1875 when the 
church had had nine years of exist- 
ence with little progress, affairs 
reached a crisis. There was a small 
building, a nominal membership of 
fifty-seven, many of these absent, with 
a debt of $2,000. A council was 
called to advise in regard to disband- 
ing. The church wished to secure 
the services of Rev. Lewis Gregorv, if 
means were available. After a pro- 
tracted session, the council advised 
the church to go forward, secure Mr. 

Gregory, and ask the Home Mission- 
ary Society for a grant of $500 for 
one year. This was the last grant for 
which the church asked. The debts 
were soon paid, and in 1886 its present 
commodious and attractive house of 
worship was built, making the value 
of its church property $50,000. Its 
contributions to home missions in a 
single year was more than the $500 
grant. In the 21 years of Mr. Greg- 
ory's ministry 941 were received to 
membership, $110,656 raised for their 
own work, and $32,828 for benevo- 
lences. The church proved a foster 
mother to other churches in Lincoln, 
until now there are 8 Congregational 
churches in the city with a member- 
ship of 1.572, and church property 
valued at $75,000. Plymouth church, 
the eldest of these daughters com- 
mencing its life in the old tabernacle 
whose appearance is shown on this 
page, received aid only four years 
from the Society, and now has the 
church property shown here. It has 
raised for evangelization, in its own 
parish, $43,826, and for work outside 
its borders, $5,266. 

The Fremont church had aid 
amounting to $2,950, and its gifts to 
home mission work have amounted to 


$5,363, and to different benevolences, 
$17,795. while it has expended $89,- 
830 for its own parish work. 

In the extension of work in North- 
western Nebraska, Chadron was made 
the center of operations. When the 
counties were organized by the legis- 
lature in 1885 the whole region was in 




the possession of the Sioux Indians 
and a few cattlemen. The first 
Fourth of July in Chadron when Red 
Cloud and five hundred of his braves 
were present to help the citizens to 
celebrate has the flavor of the begin- 
nings of things, as shown in the illus- 
trations. The present church and the 
Academy building indicate a decided 
contrast. When we began work in 
the cattle region of Northwestern Ne- 
braska there was a territory of 170 
miles along the Burlington road 
where there was no organized Chris- 
tian work, no church building. Our 
house at Hyannis is the only one in 
that region, and the influence of that 
church extends for many miles 

But money returns and material 
possession are by no means the most 
important dividends. These are 
found in renewed lives, in men and 
women trained for Christian work, 
and in communities leavened with 
Gospel influences. Rev. Frank W. 
Bates, missionary under the A. B. C. 
F. M., in Gazaland, Africa. Rev. W. 
L. Curtis, and Miss Nellie Wain- 
wright in Japan, are children of our 
early home missionary pastors. Vis- 

iting a little home missionary church 
some years since, the writer found a 
bright, promising girl, persuaded- her 
to come to Doane College, where she 
graduated and has been for years the 
beloved and efficient preceptress of 
that institution. About a year after 
the organization of the Chadron 
church, a young man came to the town 
from Iowa and went into business. 
He soon united with the church, and 
after moving to Omaha, was superin- 
tendent of the Sunday School, and 
deacon in St. Marv's Avenue church. 




He is now serving his second term as state 
president of the Y. P. S. C. E. Another young 
man in the railroad service there was con- 
verted, united with the church, and after a 
few years of railroad service, in which promo- 
tion from place 'to place promised a brilliant 
career, was persuaded to accept the position 
of international Y. M. C. A. Secretary, and is 
doing a noble work among railroad men. 
Only a few days since he raised $8,000 for a 
Y. M. C. A. railroad building at Chadron, the 


first of its kind in the state. As he 
talked to railroad men and business 
men about the project, the memory of 
the night when he gave his heart to 
Christ, made his spirit tender and his 
plea effective. Another young man 
went from there to Doane, and after 
graduating became one of the teachers 
in Kingfisher College, Okla. Three 
of our Academy principals and sev- 
eral teachers have come from our little 

home missionary churches. \ ine St., 
Lincoln, has one daughter in Turkey, 
and one helping to evangelize the In- 
dians at Fort Berthold. Two of our 
influential pastors in Chicago, a well- 
known professor in Leland Stanford 
University, several teachers in the A. 
M. A. schools in the South, have come 
from our home missionary churches. 
Home missionary investments have 
Sfood returns to show in Nebraska. 



rf»-^y\^o -z~&xs< 


~SJ~OU vuho inherit the ivealth, the stored-up bless- 

ings of ages, 
Gathered by saints and apostles, by heroes nxiho suf- 
fered and labored, 
Won for us freedom and light, the soul-gladdening 

light of the Gospel, 
What is the issue to be ? What legacy, say, to your 

Will you bequeath? What increment added? What 

■ further example 
Yet of noble deeds, vuhat self-crucifixion in laying 
All that you have, that you are, at the feet of a 

curc'ified Saviour? 

* * -x- * * 

Sell not, despise not your birthright, your heritage, 

heirs of the ages. 
So farewell, and remember in field, in hall, or in 

class-room , 
You are training for deeds to be done in the might of 

the Saviour, 
Worthy the mighty past and the glory whereon you 

are builded. 


The Potency of Prayer 

required for the evangeliza- 
tion of this land no less than 
for the evangelization of other 
lands. But where is the evidence that 
the Home Mission interests of the 
Church of Christ are calling forth 
anything like the same volume of im- 
portunate, believing prayer on the part 
of young people that is going forth 
in behalf of the cause of Christ in 
foreign lands ? Those acquainted with 
volunteers for the foreign field, know 
their confidence in and use of prayer. 
One of the most notable characteristics 
of the Student Volunteer conventions 
is the intense earnestness and evident 
believing prayerfulness of those as- 
sembled. We plead for an increase 

of intense, believing prayer by young 
people in behalf of the progress of the 
Kingdom of Christ in America. 

Our Home Mission workers in Cuba, 
in the South and Southwest, in Alas- 
ka, and in the North and Northwest, 
in their efforts to establish new 
churches and to win to Christian de- 
cision vast numbers who are persist- 
ently indifferent to the claims of 
Christ, need the hearty co-operation of 
our faith-filled prayers. Their task 
is gigantic. 

Only with the help of the Spirit of 
God, working in them both to will 
and do, can difficulties be conquered 
and harvests gathered. "The more 
dreary and hopeless the condition of 
the world looks," said Frederick 
Denison Maurice in his strdng way, 



"the more we are reminded how ut- 
terly weak and unfit we are to do any- 
thing for its renovation, the more 
confident we shall be that the help 
which is done upon the earth He doeth 
it Himself." Paul speaks of the labor 
wrought by Epaphras through his 
agonizing prayers. Our Lord, both 
by His teaching and example, made 
clear the mighty power of interces- 
sion. "If ye abide in Me, and My 
words abide in you, ye shall ask what- 
soever ye will and it shall be done unto 
you." To Peter he gave the strength- 
ening assurance: "Simon, Simon, I 
have prayed for thee that thy faith 
fail not." He unmistakably taught, 
by word and example, the mighty 
power of prayer. He pointed out 
that man, unaided by the Spirit of 
God, is insufficient to turn men from 
darkness to light. 

By their earnest, constant prayerful- 
ness, in behalf of the work both at 
home and abroad, the young people in 
the churches may engage in. this noble, 
fruitful service, moving "an influence 
which is omnipotent." 

An Important Reinforcement at 

Mr. J. Campbell White, who has for 
nine years been the efficient repre- 
sentative of the International Com- 
mittee of the Young Men's Christian 
Association at Calcutta, India, has 
responded to the urgent call of the 
United Presbyterian Church, and will 
become Secretary of its Ways and 
Means Committee in this country. 
Mr. White's presence here will be of 
inestimable value to the great cause 
which he represents. In a recent let- 
ter, dated Calcutta, and sent to some 
of his friends in America, he savs : 

I submit without fear of being challenged 
the proposition that if in any secular under- 
taking men were to attempt so gigantic a 
task as the evangelization of the world with- 
out using means more proportionate to the 
magnitude and difficulty of the undertaking, 
they would become simply the laughing 
stock of all sensible people. I do not forget 

that we are dealing with matters which are 
spiritual ; but in no other matters in this 
world is there a closer or more necessary 
relation between cause and effect. The plain 
fact is, that the Church of Christ has sent 
out to the spiritual conquest of the world a 
force which is totally inadequate to the ac- 
complishment of the work, and unless the 
Church speediiy changes her attitude and 
methods of procedure, the great majority of 
the people who live in our generation will 
die without any knowledge of Christ. 

If every creature in our generation is to 
hear the Gospel, the churches at home must 
make an adequate effort to this end. That 
its resources are sufficient to the task, no 
intelligent student of the problem doubts. 
That its present methods of accomplishing 
the task are utterly inadequate, no sane in- 
vestigator can question. 

These burning words have a direct 
application to the mission enterprises 
of Congregational young people. The 
cause demands the most intelligent 
and most aggressive effort of which 
we are capable. 

Important Young People's Conference 

The young people of the Congre- 
gational churches will be afforded a 
rare opportunity at the annual meet- 
ing of the Congregational Home Mis- 
sionary Society, to be held at Provi- 
dence, Rhode Island, June 2 to< 4, in- 
clusive. It is expected that two whole 
sessions will be devoted especially to 
their interests. 

The speakers will be men of wide 
reputation. The programme will be 
of absorbing interest and of great 
value. It will be announced in detail in 
the May number of "The Elome Mis- 

It is hoped that at least 300 repre- 
sentative Congregational young peo- 
ple from all sections of the country 
will attend. Every Young People's 
Society is earnestly requested to send 
as delegates the chairman of the Mis- 
sionary Committee, and other repre- 
sentative members. Reduced trans- 
portation and hotel rates will be given. 
An unexcelled opportunity for the 
consideration and discussion of the 
most approved methods of work 
among young people will be afforded 
bv this Conference. 



Open Mindedness 

The welfare of the cause of Christ 
among young people requires workers 
who are alert. The mind must be 
kept open to receive fresh ideas. 
There must be an unyielding deter- 
mination to replace old, ineffectual 
methods with new, effective ones. 

The Christian worker with an open 
mind will constantly seek the best 
means of bringing things to pass. He 
will never be content with resultless 

To young people who refuse to 
possess a shut mind, to all who wish 
to make life and work count to the 
utmost, we heartily commend that un- 
surpassed paper, "The Christian En- 
deavor World." Every open-minded 

member of a young people's society 
who reads it regularly, with close at- 
tention, will be thoroughly abreast of 
the times. Its brightness, suggestive- 
ness, up-to-dateness, make it invalu- 

By the wise use of such a fresh, 
spirited periodical as this and by the 
careful reading of the best Congre- 
gational papers and mission maga- 
zines, every member of every Congre- 
gational young people's missionary 
committee, will be prepared to offer 
at least one good suggestion each 
month for the betterment of the local 
work. The possession of an open 
mind, the willingness to use new and 
tested methods, may well be earnestly 
coveted and persistently sought by 

Strike Now ! 

These are great days, and I believe 
that anyone who has anything to do 
with shaping Home Mission interests 
is building mightily for America. And 
the work is going to stand because 
Christ is in it. 


Who Will Go ? Who Should 

Three factors are in all missionary 
work — opportunity, men, money. 

In this home-land of ours, "never 
before were the fields so quick with 
promise or so white with harvest." 
City, country, the old East, the new 
West, the awakening South, the min- 
ing camp, the manufacturing village, 
not only present the opportunities but 
are ringing with urgent calls. 

There is money in Christian hands 
and God's Spirit can touch the hearts 
of His people and call it forth to do 
His work. 

But the man — the worker — where 
is he? Who will go? Who should 

1. The man who sees in the win- 
ning of this nation for Christ the 
equipment of God's greatest and 
mightiest instrument for the winning 
of the world to Christ. America 
brought to Him for America's sake is 
a motive that might well stir to its 
depths any Christian heart which 
realizes the tremendous forces that 
are here developing. But America 
for the sake of the world touches a 
deeper chord and grips the soul of a 
consecrated life with a force that 
knows no comparison. 

In these recent years God has 
wrested us from our seclusion and 
separation from the great world life 
and forced us out into the wide arena 
of world interests and thrust us into 
a close and vital contact with every 
nation on earth. 

The late Rev. John Henry Barrows 
said : "The most strategic if not abso- 
lutely greatest work for Christ now 
going on in the world is not among 
the millions of China, India, Africa ; 
the most strategic battle is that silent, 
moral struggle carried on by a few 



hundred Christian schools and a few 
thousand Christian churches in the 
heart of the Mississippi Valley. We 
are dwelling in what is ultimately to 
be the controlling and wealthiest na- 
tion under the sun." 

2. The man who can take the po- 
sition of leadership of men, at that 
point on the great battlefield with sin 
where the forces of evil are boldest 
and most assertive, and where the 
contest is hand to hand with the 
powers that corrupt manhood, stain 
womanhood and blight and destroy 
childhood. At such points, whether 
in the city or the camp, the worker 
is necessarily missionary, because the 
forces which upbuild and those that 
break down human character are so 

To become the leader and inspirer 
of a little band of godly souls stand- 
ing for the things pure and honest 
and of good report in the midst of 
boastful, unblushing sin and shame 
challenges the highest heroism. I 
take a picture that lies befoire me 
sketched of such a leader: "J. has 
great possibilities. Sin is rampant. 
The Sabbath trodden under foot. The 
saloon, dance hall, gambling houses, 
all dominant. Fifteen hundred miners 
going to perdition. Our little brave 
church faces the devil with all his 
hosts. Our pastor is a hero." 

Here is another view of the same 
dark picture of a spot in our home 
land : "Wicked beyond all descrip- 
tion, all that is devilish and destructive 
to character and manhood is pro- 
nounced. The saloon, gambling hall 
and brothel flourishing and made at- 
tractive and inviting in every way. 
Thousands of dollars invested in these 
man traps. There is something al- 

luring and fascinating about them to 
the man, especially to the young man 
that is away from home, from friends, 
from helpful and moral environments. 
He comes here for work, finds a 
boarding place, goes out, looks for 
companionship, and in these dens he 
finds it." Leadership for those in 
whom the better impulses rule has 
stemmed the tide of evil in uncounted 

3. The man with heroic faith in 
the power of Christ to save to the ut- 
termost; the man with a courage that 
grows through combat ; the man with 
the vision to see in every human soul, 
however sunk in sin, the possibilities 
of a child of God ; the man strong 
in intellect, large in sympathy, broad 
in culture, deep in spiritual experi- 
ence, with high ideals, but practical 
in method ; the man who among men 
walks with God ; the man who, walk- 
ing with God, is yet man among men ; 
the man who is willing to stand at the 
danger point on the battle front. 
Such men are wanted at scores of 
points in our home land to-day. The 
Superintendents of this Society are 
searching for them, waiting for them, 
praying for them. 

The Congregational Home Mission- 
ary Society sends this message forth 
to the young people of our churches 
and especially to the student volun- 
teers, who are looking out over the 
field of service for the posts where 
they can make their lives tell best and 
most for the world's salvation. "Save 
America for the sake of the world. If 
America is lost, all is lost." 





Rev. D. W. 
Cram, pastor of 
t fa e Endeavor 
Church at Val- 
dez, Alaska, and 
the representa- 
tive of the Con- 
g r ie g a t i o n al 
Home Mission- 
ary Society, who 
has been in the 
East for several 
weeks, has just 
returned to his 
work. Mr. Cram 
spoke hopefully concerning the future 
prospects of the North. He said : 

Valdez is the most northerly port in 
America that is open all the year round. 
Valuable discoveries, both in gold and cop- 
per, have' been made nearby. There are 
copper mines about 150 miles away, and a 
railroad is soon to be built into these mines, 
so that the ore can be brought to the tide 
water. The recent discoveries of placer 
gold on the Nizini River and the head 
waters of the Tanana are causing hundreds 


and thousands of young men to go to Val- 
dez at the present time. Every boat is 
loaded with freight and passengers. These 
new discoveries, with the building of the 
railroad, will make Valdez the most perma- 
nent point in the North. Christian work 
began in Valdez early in the year of '98, 
when the first prospectors landed there, 
hoping to gain an entrance into the in- 
terior. Two young men organized a Chris- 
tian Endeavor Society, and carried on in- 
stitutional church work. A reading room, 
open night and day, afforded a place where 
men could spend their spare time. 

Two years later, the Congregation- 
al Home Missionary Society sent Mr. 
Cram to the field. A church was or- 
ganized, and to the reading room was 
added a library. The work has been 
successful and commands the hearty 
support of the community. It is 
largely a practical work for young 
men. Mr. Cram says that there is 
urgent demand for more of such work 
in the North. There are many towns 
with fifty to' one hundred men where 
there is no Protestant church or mis- 


Many encouraging responses were 
called forth by the fresh facts fur- 
nished all Congregational young peo- 
ple for use in the Home Mission 
meetings, held on February 22. Words 
of cheer and of hearty appreciation 
have come from all parts of America. 

An earnest worker at Laingsburg, Michi- 
gan, writes : 'As a rule, our missionary 
meetings are dull, but this one was indeed 
quite different. It was very helpful." 

The chairman of the Missionary Commit- 
tee of a New Hampshire society responds : 
"Our Society voted last evening to take a 
collection for the Home Missionary work 
at each meeting when that subject is pre- 
sented. Our meeting on February 22 was 
3ne of the best we have ever held." 

From California comes this word of 
cheer : "The helps which you sent were 
greatly appreciated. You can count on the 
co-operation of our Society." 

In a Vermont letter is this suggestive ref- 
erence to the chairman of the Missionary 
Committee : "She is a live worker." 

A New York State society sends this mes- 

sage : "The more our Christian Endeavor 
Society is kept in touch with the missionary 
societies of the Congregational church, the 
better for both, I think. I shall be glad to 
do all I can to bring this about." 

A representative of a small Minnesota so- 
ciety writes : "We have pledged ourselves, 
to raise $10, if possible, for Home Missions, 
this year." 

In each of several letters it is 
stated that the Young People's Soci- 
ety has no^ missionary committee. In 
this particular, there is evidently an 
opportunity for prompt and effective 
action on the part of both officers and 
members. Every young people's so- 
ciety should use to' the fullest extent 
the privilege of being thoroughly 
abreast with the great mission move- 
ment of the Congregational churches. 
A strong, intelligent and aggressive 
committee will prove invaluable, and 
will repay for all the planning and ef- 
fort required to secure it. 




A new, illustrated leaflet on "Congrega- 
tional Missions in Cuba," is in course of 
preparation, and will be sent to the Chair- 
men of Missionary Committees and to all 
who are to lead young people's meetings on 
May 31st. The topic for that date is: 
"Missions in the Island World," Isaiah 
42: 10-17; 60: 8, 9. Additional copies for 
distribution will be furnished, provided ap- 
plication is made at an early date. Address 
Don O. Shelton, 287 Fourth Avenue, New 
York City. 

Miss Belle M. Brain, whose books on 
"Missionary Fires" and "Missionary Pro- 
grammes," are known to many of our read- 

ers, contributes a suggestive article' to the 
March number of "The Missionary Review 
of the World," on "The Foreign Mission- 
ary Library ; How to get it and how to use 
it." Miss Brain writes interestingly on how 
to secure a library, the kinds of books to 
buy, and how to use the library. The ar- 
ticle closes with a suggestive list of fifty 
volumes on "Methods of Work," "Histories 
of Missions," "Biography," "Foreign Lands 
and People," "Narratives of Missionary 
Work," and "Missionary Fiction." A copy 
of this issue of "The Missionary Review" 
will prove a valuable acquisition to every 
Chairman of Young People's Missionary 
committee. It is published by the Funk & 
Wagnalls Co., New York, at 25 cents a copy. 


The obligation that lies on moral beings is 
not to adjust themselves to their environ- 
ment, but to adjust their environment to the 
higher ideal which they bring to it. — Dr. 
A. M. Fairbaim, "The Philosophy of The 
Christian Religion," page 74. 

There is, indeed, no factor of change or 
cause of progress known to history or hu- 
man experience equal in efficiency to the 
great personality — the man who embodies 
some creative and casual idea.- — Dr. A. M. 
Fairbaim, "The Philosophy of The Chris- 
tian Religion," page' 92. 

"The 'Unanimous Library' scheme de- 
vised by Mr. W. L. Amerman, of New 
York City, is an excellent one that could be 
used to advantage everywhere. The idea 
is for each society to buy a book (for ob- 
vious reasons it is best to select a small 
one), with the understanding that it is to 
be read by every member of the society. In 
order to make it 'unanimous,' some are in- 
duced to read it who would not otherwise 
do so. In pursuance of this plan a large 
number of Christian Endeavor societies in 
the New York City Union bought a little 
library of four small books and endeavored 
to get these read by all their members. The 
results were surprising. In one church 
where there were three societies (junior, 
intermediate, and senior), one book was 

read by four hundred and thirty-eight differ- 
ent persons within a given time." — Belle M. 
Brain, in "The Missionary Review of the 
World," March. 

When the fathers of New England and 
New York began their great fight against 
barbarism in the new settlements, a large 
choice of weapons was offered them. In 
nothing was their wisdom more manifest 
than in the selection they made. They 
chose The Church — not because they under- 
valued the printing of Bibles and tracts, or 
the building of meeting-houses, or the plant- 
ing of colleges and seminaries of learning; 
but because they held the church to be the 
spring of all other remedial agencies, with- 
out which all others would languish and 
die. To plant the organized Church of 
Christ in every new settlement as it gath- 
ered ; to build this up in the New Testa- 
ment way, by the ordained pastor and 
teacher and with the aid of divinely ap- 
pointed ordinances, — this was the wise 
choice of wise men ; not to sprinkle water 
broadcast over a thirsty land, but at wisely 
chosen points to open living fountains ; to 
set up Christianity, not in some fleeting 
form, but in its most permanent, reproduc- 
tive and divinest institution, and to leave 
it thus intrenched to become the regenerat- 
ing force of' society, — for more than a cen- 
tury this has been the working policy of 
Home Missions from which its friends 
have never deviated. — Dr. J. B. Clark, 
"Leavening the Nation," page 316. 


The Right Sort of Appeal 

Some pastors have a gift in mak- 
ing it — or rather is it a genuine in- 
terest in the matter which others do 
not feel? The following is one of 
the right sort. The people like this 
kind of appeal. They say, "Our 
minister is in earnest and means 
business." The pastor says, "A giv- 
ing church is a working church. A 
working church is a growing church. 
Therefore I must stir my church to 

Next Sabbkth is the Home Missionary- 
Sunday with us. For a month the an- 
nouncement has been regularly made. The 
offering is the annual offering for this work. 
The need for help is growing greater as 
the population of the country increases. 
The appeal of the Board for help should 
touch every heart. The ability of the 
church to send the home missionary into 
needy fields to preach the Gospel, organize 
congregations, and erect houses of worship, 
is made greater by every dollar given. 
Every person, whether Christian or not, 
ought to be glad to help in such a good 
cause. It is a blessing to the giver. Every 
man and woman, boy and girl should come 
with their offering to the Lord at the ser- 
vice Sunday morning. May I ask all the 
friends of the Congregational Church in 
Belview and the surrounding country to 
come and help to make the collection the' 
largest that has ever been given by this 
church. All of us are commended to lay by 
in store for God's cause as He has pros- 
pered us. It is a sin for any human being 
to rob the Lord's treasury. It is robbery 
.to live and consume for self that which He 
needs to preach the Gospel. In Colorado, 
Idaho and Utah there are towns of thou- 
sands of people where there is no preaching 
of the Gospel by any church in any lan- 
guage whatever. Our Mission Board is un- 
able to push the work into these fields. No 
money to send the workers and support 
them on the ground. Can any one be' ac- 
quainted with such facts, withhold their 
gifts, and then not feel guilty before God? 
Reader, this means you. It is the Lord's 

appeal and warning, not mine. Open your 
Bible at Matthew, 25th chapter, and read 
verses 14 to 30, inclusive. 

A Decision Day 

Rev. IT V. Rominger, of Dickin- 
son, No. Dakota, in a recently pub- 
lished article, has told the stirring 
story of revival in his church. The 
following illustrates the happy "fruits 
of such an experience. 

November 9th was observed as Decision 
Day in church and Sunday School. Three 
of our Sabbath School teachers were not 
members of the church, although they were 
Christians, and had been members of 
churches elsewhere. They were asked to 
make a decision to come into the church. 
They did so, and all in their classes fol- 
lowed their example'. Whole classes of 
boys and young ladies from fourteen years 
of age and upward stood up, confessed 
Christ and gave their names for recep- 
tion into the church. Parents who had 
never made a profession of religion were 
moved to follow the example of their chil- 
dren, and for their encouragement came 
with them into the fellowship of the church. 
Church letters that had been laid away for 
years were hunted up ; lapsed church mem- 
herships were restored, and on November 
23d we had an ingathering of sixty-four — ■ 
fifty-nine on confession of faith and five by 
letter — the largest number I have ever re- 
ceived at any one time or place into church 

The next Great Awakening will come 
through the Christian culture and early in- 
gathering of the children into the church. 
Formation is a grander work than reforma- 
tion. Protestantism has not rightly treated 
the children. It has generally treated them 
as heathen growing up outside' the church, 
and when they arrive at mature years they 
may perhaps be reformed and converted, 
whereas they should be trained and treated 
as Christians from the beginning _ This is 
perhaps the better, more Biblical and 
Christly way, and where it is generally 
adopted the church will have a new future 
and make more rapid strides in the evan- 
gelization of the world. 



Among the Cattle Ranges 

The following from Northern 
Wyoming describes a type of home 
missions that carries us back to the 
early days of the enterprise. Not a 
little of this type still survives in the 
grazing and treasure States. The 
conditions are peculiar, needing a 
rare kind of missionary, like the Sky 
Pilot, of Connor, and the minister at 
Black Rock. Pluck and patience, as 
well as faith and hope, are radical to 

Our conditions here are peculiar. Our 
country is almost entirely given up to cattle 
raising. Most of it is range country, with 
ranches in the valleys of the creeks. The 
country, therefore, is very sparsely settled. 
Children frequently go a distance of five 
or six miles to school. The Superintend- 
ent of one of our Sunday Schools lives six 
miles from the schoolhouse where the Sun- 
day School is held. Everybody rides horse- 
back. The people are almost all of Ameri- 
can birth or English speaking, and a,s a rule 
are very intelligent and read a great deal 
and are- very independent in thought and 
action. There is a breadth and depth and 
vigor to be found in these people that prom- 
ises well for any cause in which they be- 
come interested. And this is the time in 
which our church may gain a strong hold 
here. A dozen Sunday Schools and as 
many preaching points could be established 
here in a short time if we had the time or 
the necessary help. 

Reclaiming a Desert 

Such deserts are still to be found 
in the heart of Christian America. 
Home missionary effort has reclaimed 
many such, and nothing else will. 

In the face of so many difficulties we have 
made some progress. Colorado is set- 
tled by a class of people of almost every 
nationality and almost every religious be- 
lief, who seem to have come here to make 
money in the easiest possible way, since 
they have a natural antipathy for manual 
labor, and, incidentally, to get away from 
civilization. Many people came here twen- 
ty-five years ago and have never been out- 
side the county since they came. They 
care very little for the advantages of the 
outside world. We have met a number of 
young men, one of them twenty-five years 
old, who have never seen a railway train. 
One remark we often hear concerning re- 

ligious work is something as follows : "We 
don't need missionaries in here. We've 
got along many years without them, and 
when we want them we will send for 
them." There are many homes where they 
have no Bible, but few homes where you 
cannot find Robert Ingersoll's works. Many 
have said to me that Robert Ingersoll was 
the greatest man that ever lived. The chil- 
dren are brought up under this influence 
and taught in their earliest years to doubt 
the existence of God. 

We have been doing some earnest per- 
sonal work among the boys and girls, and 
some of them at the present time are "al- 
most persuaded." The Spirit is evidently 
working in their hearts, but they seem to be- 
afraid to take a definite stand for Christ 
because they have so little, if any, encour- 
agement at home. 

Our Summer work was very heavy. 
Since the ist of June we have travelled alto- 
gether between 3,500 and 4,000 miles, and 
made 376 calls. On two occasions we were 
on the road continually for three weeks, 
visiting the people, holding services, 
wherever possible and returning every Sat- 
urday to keep our Sunday appointments and 
leaving for our visitation work again the 
following Monday. 

Work Among the Children 

Here is another pastor who has 
found the wisdom of caring faith- 
fully for the lambs. Such care is sure 
to result in fine flocks. 

The future of the church at S de- 
pends upon reaching the children. To ac- 
complish this I am now preaching a short 
sermon to the children once in two weeks 
when I have a Sunday afternoon service at 

S . Text books have been furnished to 

the number of twenty, in which the text is 
to be recorded. Besides this I have or- 
ganized "The Always Faithful Band," com- 
posed of the same children, who are at 
present meeting on alternate Friday after- 
noons. The exercises of these meetings 
consist of singing, recitation of Scripture 
in concert, and prayer by the pastor, clos- 
ing with the Lord's Prayer in unison. I am 
also using the little book, "Christian Teach- 
ings," by Rev. Dr. W. J. Mutch of New 
Haven, in these meetings. 

Our Arctic Work 

All conditions in the far north are 
unique, as the following from Pastor 
F. C. Krause, of Douglas, Alaska, in- 
dicates ; but the gospel is the samp in 



Alaska and Cuba and all the way be- 
tween. So, too, are the spiritual 
needs of men. 

After having been a home missionary on 
the Island for a little over six months, I 
feel somewhat encouraged as to our work 
on Douglas Island. When I came here in 
June one could read at twelve o'clock at 
night without a light. At present it puzzles 
one to read without a light even at noon. 
We' have not seen the sun for about four 
weeks and it will be several weeks yet be- 
fore it will look over the mountain. 

We have an occasional wind called the 
"Taku" (Indian name for hell). The ther- 
mometer drops down to about zero and the 
wind blows from sixty to seventy miles an 
hour. The ocean spray is often carried 
many blocks and in the last blow the church 
was incrusted with salt. At such times only 
the men can attend services and that under 
great difficulty. The snow is about five feet 
deep and the snow season is just beginning. 
Some of the miners' cabins are already well , 
covered and it becomes easier to tunnel out 
than to shovel the snow away from the 
door. In spite of the severity of the cli- 
mate, the Sunday School and church ser- 
vices are well attended. 

A Musical Suggestion 

We sincerely hope this suggestion, 
of Rev. W. R. Reud, of Nogales, 
Arizona, may touch some willing read- 
er. Carried out it would probably 
double the power of this faithful 

Once a fortnight I go out to hold a mid- 
week service at Washington and Duquesne, 
two mining camps about twenty* miles east 
of here. They are about a mile apart and 
I alternate the visits. One thing works 
against the efficiency of our service. The 
people like music, and when the pastor 
starts a tune all join in and enjoy it heartily. 
But what we lack is some kind of instru- 
ment. I wish the Home Board or some 
other benevolent source would donate us 
one of those little trunk organs that fold 
up and can be taken into the carriage when 
the missionary makes his trips. They are 
not expensive and a good one is a great 

A Nine Days' Wonder 

The following from Colorado 
shows what faith and courage will 
accomplish in the face of dismal 
foreboding. Such surprises are not 

uncommon when the people are united 
and "have a mind to work." 

At our arrival on this field we were told 
that the Congregational Church was a new 
thing and would be but a nine days wonder. 
We haven't been here three months yet 
and we have raised money and purchased 
two corner lots for a parsonage. Have 
adopted a plan for a six room house and 
raised over two hundred dollars for par- 
sonage; also have six loads of rock on the 
ground for the foundation. Yes, this is 
quite a nine days wonder. The church is 
not six months old and twenty-five mem- 
bers have raised over four hundred dollars. 

Self Support in Fifteen Years 

Congratulations are due the church 
in Harmon, Colo., over their deliver- 
ance from dependence. Their thanks 
are appreciated. Now to help others ! 

At the close of this home missionary year 
the Harmon Congregational Church voted 
to be self-supporting ! The Church ex- 
tended a unanimous vote' of thanks to the 
Congregational Home Missionary Society 
for its liberal aid from its organization to 
February 1st, 1903, a period of more than 
fifteen years. 

The Church also extended a unanimous 
vote of thanks to Rev. Horace Sanderson 
for his kindly interest during his connec- 
tion with the Congregational Home Mis- 
sionary Society's work in Colorado. 

Wishing you all the guidance and bless- 
ing of the Lord, I am yours in His work, 

A Kindly Reminder to Eastern 

The following from Dr. Frazee, of 
Knoxville, suggests one way in which 
pastors of the East may serve their 
brother pastors at the West and 
South. Let us be more thoughtful 
of the other man. Put yourself in 
his place. 

As I have said before, and I wish em- 
phasis enough could be laid upon it to have 
it reach every Congregational pastor and 
church in our land, it would encourage our 
people and help build us up if Congrega- 
tionalists coming to us were loyal to their 
own. To be as much so as others would 
do ! But frankly, I trace this very largely 
to the neglect of their home pastors, who 
fail to acquaint them with the fact, even 



of our existence in a Southern city. We 
must not forget that Congregationalism is 
not commonly recognized in the South as 
yet. A hotel clerk, with our announcement 
on the public register, told a guest there was 
no such church in Knoxville ; had he' been 
a bartender this might have been excused. 
A recent letter from a far away Eastern 
pastor helped me to find a family the day 
of its arrival ! But he had waited four 
months and they had drifted ! 

May the fault, two-fold, be corrected. 
May the shepherds better remember their 
absent ; and the flock be more loyal to their 
fold. Both would if they knew how im- 
portant such fidelity is. 

Public Spirited 

This brother, by practical methods, 
wins the community to himself and to 
his church. The church that serves 
the people will never lack friends and 

Upon my arrival in Wallace, says 
Rev. J. B. Orr, of Idaho, I studied what 
the town needed most and decided it 
was a room free from wrong influences 
where men and youths might meet to read 
and write. As the demand is not so great 
in Summer as in Winter, it was not opened 
at once. We are running now about six 
weeks with the most happy results. Our 
room is forty-six by fourteen feet, located 
on the main street and in the best block on 
the street. Strangers find us easily and it 
is central for the patronage of the town 
people. It is now eleven o'clock P. M., and 
there are nine men quietly reading. This 
is about our average attendance. I put 
in my library as the start, and others quick- 
ly followed with single books and sets. In- 
dividuals give me small sums of money to 
use in buying papers and the Fraternal Or- 
der of Eagles gave sixteen dollars. With 
this last sum we are buying paper files and 
a rack. All this has a great bearing on our 
church. The people learn to believe in us 
and aid us in our worthy efforts ; e. g., the 
coal dealers supply fuel and the Electric 
Light Company our lights ; the city fathers 
vote to pay our rent from January to May. 

years, and many pastors would be 
happy in the fruitage this brother has 

I feel that I have come nearer to Paul's 
experience in becoming "all things to all 
men" than at any other place where I have 
worked. My pastorate for two years does 
not make a grand showing on paper, but I 
think it will mark something of an era in 
the history of the church. For two years 
they made an offering to our seven societies 
for the first time since organization. We 
could easily note a change among the young 
people of the community. We were able 
to improve the public school very much. 
When I began only one of the teachers 
made any pretence to a religious life. When 
I came away all the teachers were active 
church members. The young people seem 
to have caught a new inspiration with refer- 
ence to the real work of life. I understand 
that two of our young people have pledged 
themselves to foreign mission work. 
Others have made a splendid growth 
in the Christian life. One of these 
remarked upon my leaving that my min- 
istry had been to her "a spiritual feast." 
This was a good deal for her to say, and 
will be one of the pleasant things for a 
pastor to remember. 

Ministry to the Sick 

The home missionary church minis- 
ters to every class in need of help. 
Very blessed is its ministry to the 
sick, and very grateful are these 
weary ones for its consolation. 

We are so situated, as a church in a 
health resort, among consumptives, that 
our work in California makes a heavy draft 
upon the means and sympathies of the peo- 
ple. So many are sent here by Eastern phy- 
sicians who are hopeless and without means. 
They call for daily visits, and often our 
hearts are sore that we can do so little for 
them. We are glad, however, that there is 
a Church of Jesus to minister to these sick 
ones. We have consumptives from Illinois, 
Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania, 
Minnesota, Washington, Philippine Islands, 
Ohio, Michigan and many other places. 
They die away from all friends, but not 

Good Returns 

The pastor's modest estimate of his 
brief pastorate should be encouraging 
to other workers. Many good seeds 
may be dropped into the soil in two 

A Frontier Town 

Our Idaho workers have a hard 
field, but one full of promise for the 
man who knows men, and believes in 



the mighty power of the gospel mes- 

In order to give you an adequate concep- 
tion of this field, you should know some- 
thing oi its geography. 

Grangeville is now the county seat of the 
county of Idaho, and is located at the foot 
of the Clear Water spur of the Rockies, 
twenty-two miles from the N. P. R. R., and 
2,500 feet above same. To the north and 
west lies the famous Camas Prairie, about 
twenty-five miles square, most fertile and 
most muddy. Idaho County is larger than 
the States of Massachusetts, Rhode island 
and New Jersey combined. It takes twelve 
days for the mail to reach the county seat 
from some of the mining camps in .the 

Grangeville is a strictly frontier town, 
wide open day and night, Sundays and 
Mondays. The public dance, saloons, gam- 
bling and brothels hold full sway; law is 
openly violated continuously. Men hate 
churches, church people, ministers and any- 
thing that seeks to reduce society to law 
and order. It is unpopular to attend church 
or be identified with church work. This is 
a field of missionary work in the real 
Christian sense as Congregationalism has 
interpreted it. That is the hiding of the 
leaven that is to transform the whole lump. 
Truth with time is the only solvent so far 
as I can see. In fact I understand and 
would judge from signs that a poor, cheap 
type of ministers have been pushed off into 
this dumping ground, where they have 
spoiled a lot of fine material. I was never 
so convinced of the necessity of sending 
only thoroughly trained, able men into these 
western frontier towns. 

A Watchful Church 

What is a church, for if not to guard 
the- community from enemies that 
would destroy its peace. This church 
magnified its function as a moral 
police force with gratifying results. 

The young man was said to be keen, 
shrewd, bright and enterprising. He was 
probably backed by the big city brewery. 
He found one of our fields where there 
was no saloon. Just the place, he thought, 
to start one. Many boys and young men 
who would become an easy prey to his 

friendly winning ways. So he quietly can- 
vassed the' precinct and claimed to have 
gotten a majority of the names of the 
voters to a petition for a license. The 
church members and temperance people 
put their heads together and resolved on 
a quiet campaign. The pastor spoke about 
the matter from the pulpit. The young 
man appeared before the County Court and 
presented his petition. The' Temperance 
Committee also appeared at the same time, 
with a remonstrance, showed that some of 
the names on the petition were of persons 
not legal voters, and claimed that the re- 
monstrance had a majority of those en- 
titled to sign. The young man acknowl- 
edged defeat, and has not been heard of 
since. What kind of place is it where 
neither Mormons nor saloons can get a 

Ethics and Congregationalism 

We venture to say that any pastor 
who like this Indiana missionary, 
thoroughly prepares himself to preach 
three sermons on Congregational 
missions, distributes the Congrega- 
tional Hand Book through his parish, 
and gives one to every Christian En- 
deavorer, will see fruits of the effort 
that will delight and surprise him. 

It has been a year of education m Ethics 
and Congregationalism. Three sermons on 
the work of the Congregational Home Mis- 
sionary Society, one on the work of the 
American Board of Commissioners for 
Foreign Missions ; several prayer meeting 
talks on Congregational principles, heroes^ 
and work; a "Congregational Hand Book" 
in every family in 1902 and 1903, and a 
copy for each Christian Endeavorer, and a 
Club for Congregational Work for 1903, 
will surely bring forth fruit in the future. 
The church is made up entirely of working- 
men, not a single business man in the 
church, and these' are nearly all railroad 
men and their families. They are inex- 
perienced in financial management, and 
their ideas of moral obligation are far from 
what they should be ; but they have re- 
sponded to teaching and preaching, and 
have greatly improved in these directions. 
If they can have true Congregational, edu- 
cated pastors they will come out all right 
in a few years. 

THIS department may be made an inspiration to 
the friends of home missions by the simple story 
of conditions as they exist on the missionary field. 


One Woman 


During these months we have heen 
visiting the churches of our order 
on the Pacific Coast. Idaho, Min- 
nesota, Montana, Texas and Louis- 
iana. At the present writing we are 
spending a month in Alabama on our 
way to the other Gulf States. 

More vividly than ever I am im- 
pressed with the power of "one wom- 
an" — winsome and wise — in every 
church. A,s was the case in the Wom- 
an's State Organizations, so in each 
church I find it is the "one woman" 
who has aroused the other woman 
to missionary enthusiasm, and thus 
the shining wave is started, to gather 
force with the coming years. 

Is the church building in need of 
repairs? Does the parsonage need 
fresh paper, or carpets, or plaster, or 
a well ? The matter is at once laid be- 
fore the Ladies' Aid Society, and re- 
ceives prompt attention. Is a church 
building to be erected? The brethren 
come together and appoint acommittee 
to ascertain "what the women will do" 
before opening their own pocket- 

At this writing we are visiting a 
struggling church now worshipping 
in a school house This Congregation- 
al Church will die unless they build a 
house of worship. We held five serv- 
ices with the faithful little band yes- 
terday, and at the close of each service 
the earnest women gathered about me 
with the one message: 

"We must have a house of worship 
here, but the brethren cannot move 
in the matter until we pledge $100 on 
the church building, and another $100 
on the lot. We are poor. Do tell 
us how to raise the monev. We set 

up suppers and make aprons for sale. 
We have raised a little money by go- 
ing to the homes of people lure and 
offering to do anything for 5c cents 
a day. We sew or cook, or take care 
of the baby. We don't mind what we 
do if we can get money for the church 
building. Would you advise us to try 
the 'chain plan'?" 

"Anything but that!" I exclaimed. 

"Shall we apply to the North?" 

"Not until you have used every 
means in your power. The North 
has her own financial burdens now. 
I better to apply to some of the stronger 
churches in your State." 

The new church is to cost only 
$1,500 and you devoutly wish you 
could put your hand into your own 
pocket book and give the little band a 
lift! You may be sure that these de- 
voted self-sacrificing women will do 
their part. 

God bless our self-sacrificing 
Home Missionary wives ! God bless 
the busy wives of pastors of our self- 
supporting churches who give so free- 
ly of their time, strength, counsel and 
spiritual guidance, "without money 
and without price!" God bless the 
faithful officers and members of our 
Woman's State Organizations, now 
forming a shining network of blessed 
influence over the length and breadth 
of our land, the fairest land that the 
sun slimes upon to-day. 

God bless that "one woman!" 

The Motive That Prevails 


The patriotic societies which have 
been organized by our women in re- 
cent years have cultivated both 
knowledge and appreciation regard- 
ing the past, an increasing interest in 



present conditions, and a patriotic 
pride concerning the wonderful fu- 
ture which stands open before our 
country. No land in the wide world 
to-day presents to us so attractive a 
study as does the United States, and 
none more imperatively calls for our 
deep concern. Papers on past and 
present political conditions, on great 
men and great measures, fan the pa- 
triotic fire, but something is lacking 
which will make the flame of devotion 
to our own country burn with brilliant 
and inextinguishable ardor. 

In emphasizing as we have the 
events of the past have we not forgot- 
ten that the patriotism of the twen- 
tieth century and the missionary spirit 
are indissolubly united? Admiration 
for deeds of valor wrought long ago 
most truly manifests its genuineness 
in devotion to present day needs, and 
never before were our national prob- 
lems graver or more threatening than 
now. The agencies which will save us 
are not industrial development, the 
franchise or great wealth, or even the 
English language or good public 
schools. From the days of the Pil- 
grims until now, in times of peace or 
in times of stress, the saving forces 
which have never failed us have been 
the Christian church and the Christian 
school. Everything in our country 
worth having has drawn its inspira- 
tion, if not its very life blood, from 
these institutions. This no truly patri- 
otic woman will question. It there- 
fore becomes our imperative duty to 
most- generously apply this saving 
leaven to the situations which to-day 
confront us in our own land. 

Our patriotic studies of races, events 
and historical records always, if fol- 
lowed to their final conclusion, bring 
us face to face with conditions whose 
only solution is found in the applica- 
tion of Christian principles and Chris- 
tian institutions. If, on the other 
hand, we start with applying these 
saving remedies, we find all nations are 
waiting for our message, and that the 
biography of the world is open for our 
study. All history is but the record of 
God's unfolding of the life of man, 

and from it we learn that He ever 
works by means of regeneration of the 
heart and enlightenment of the mind. 
Thus we find that in all genuine pa- 
triotism there is the true missionary 
temper, and when once our American 
women realize this, inspired by loyal 
devotion to our own country, we shall 
give ourselves with unconquerable en- 
thusiasm to the task of bringing to all 
our people a knowledge of that Light 
"which lighteth every man that cometh 
into the world." 

Rugs or Crazy-Quilts 


In making a beautiful rug there 
must first be a design. Then, the 
work of dyeing, combining and weav- 
ing, all follow in conformity to the 
pattern. In patch-work, especially of 
the crazy order, we just gather up 
what we chance to find, and combine 
according to individual taste. These 
two methods are both in use in our 
missionary work. The united study 
of Missions in relation to the foreign 
field, is accomplishing wonders. It 
stimulates reading, praying, and giv- 
ing. Intelligence, interest, and inten- 
sity of desire, are the steps in natural 
order, in all missionary activity. 

Interest in the home field must keep 
pace with that in the foreign. India 
is just now the world's center to thou- 
sands of Christian women. But In- 
dia as a study is not more interesting 
than America. The mountain peaks 
of our religious history need to be 
painted in colors that glow and en- 
thuse. The marvelous facts relating 
to our country — its growth and de- 
velopment along all missionary lines, 
need to be grouped, outlined, and put 
into concise form, that as a text-book 
it may be attractive and inexpensive. 
What Mrs. Mason has done for India, 
we hope some one will do for our home 
land, and do it soon. 

Our next need is reference books. 
The text-book will tell us what, and 
where found. Every church cannot 
own a well-equipped missionary libra- 



ry, but it will be possible, when united 
study creates the demand, to have these 
reference books placed in our town 
and district libraries. How refresh- 
ing to see a score of people in a small 
village library asking eagerly for 
"Leavening the Nation." Such a 
time is at hand. For church mem- 
bers, and students in the academies 
and colleges are waking up. Large 
questions are being asked, and mate- 
rial for large answers must be avail- 
able. The importance of united study, 
of continuity of thought, of perma- 
nent abiding impressions, is too evi- 
dent to require argument. 

The programme for the Home Mis- 
sionary meeting, is too often of the 
patch-work order. A pleasing bit of 
color from Porto Rico, some small 
scraps from Alaska, combined with 
various items fror. all over the coun- 
try. The result bewilders rather than 
enlightens. Shall we continue this 
crazy plan, or shall we aid to secure, 
first, a beautiful design, the work of 
some master mind, and then, though it 
take years to accomplish it, combine 
and weave our material in accordance 
with an intelligent plan? 

Love's Labor Not Lost 

[We are glad to print the following 
which does equal credit to the helping 

church and to the grateful missionary. 
This is woman's work, and nothing 
goes farther in strengthening the 
hands of the missionary pastor than 
this b-lessed ministry of sympathy. — 

I think I have not reported the re- 
ceipt of our missionary box. I feel 
that some one ought to be thanked for 
the choice of a church to receive our 
application. We were given to the 
Broadway Church, Norwich, Conn. 
You who know the church and pastor 
need not be told that they treated us 
royally. I feel sure that it seldom falls 
to the lot of a home missionary to re- 
ceive such a box. It was perfect both in 
quality and quantity, and, lest it should 
fail to meet all our needs, a purse of 
fifty-five dollars accompanied it. The 
latter, if more than enough for clothes, 
to" go to help pay for nurse for Mrs. 
Hardy. That not satisfying their 
generous hearts they continued 
throughout the holidays to shower us 
with loving letters of remembrances, 
both great and small in money value 
and all great with sympathy and 
Christly spirit. It made our holidays 
which might have been somewhat 
gloomy, very cheerful. I shall be 
pleased if you can help, us to make 
the Norwich people know how much 
we appreciate their kindness. 

William P. Hardy. 


^pHE HOME MISSIONARY in its new depart- 
■*■ ure desires especially to honor the work of women. 
Woman ] s Part in the present issue is only an indica- 
tion of what we intend to make of this department . 
Thanks are due to a few friends who have contributed 
helpful matter. We cordially invite all Christian 
women, who have at heart the evangelization of 
America, to feel at home in these columns. Give us 
your best thought told in brief form and in most incisive 
manner. Hopeful experiments and successes are solic- 
ited. Every woman turning to these pages should find 
something to stimulate effort and increase interest. 



Closer Supervision of the 
Weak Churches 

The loss of many churches in the 
past five years into which much work 
and money have been put, suggests 
that as a denomination we have not 
been able to care for our children as 
fast as they have come. Our organi- 
zation has not been equal to the heavy 
burden laid upon it by the very fact 
of our growth. We are like the farm-- 
ers of Iowa whose immense crop of 
oats last year was left out in the 
fields to rot because they could not 
get it in before the rains came. Per- 
mit me to offer for discussion a sug- 
gestion in the line of completer organ- 

Under our present system a State 
like Minnesota or Oklahoma has a su- 
perintendent of Home Missions, a su- 
perintendent of Sunday Schools and 
perhaps a general missionary for each 
of these branches of work. These 
men cover the whole State or Territo- 
ry with divided responsibility. Their 
work is often duplicated. The dis- 
trict is too large for the closest super- 
vision of any one man. The result 
is that little churches are left without 
preaching for months, become discour- 
aged and die. Supposing that these 
four men were each given not the 
whole State to look after, but a limited 
district, and were made responsible to 
a Central Committee of the Home Mis- 
sionary Society for all missionary 
work; would they not accomplish 
more and would not the work grow 
into a unity? If, for example, Min- 
nesota should be divided into four dis- 
tricts with a superintendent in each 
then this superintendent would look 
after the home missionary work, the 

Sunday School work, the opening for 
work, the vacancies occurring, and see 
to it that each church was reminded 
of the Church Building Society, the 
American Missionary Association, the 
Education Society and the American 
Board. Let him be nominated by the 
churches of the district he is to serve 
and elected by the State Association, 
and let him report in person at stated 
times with the other superintendents 
to the State Central Committee. With 
such an arrangement all of the varied 
interests of the denomination would 
be looked after, all the missionary 
societies would have their agent in 
State and Territory and the denomi- 
nation would be unified a*nd its busi- 
ness' carried on with precision. It 
would cut men at first but it would 
save money in the long run. Is not 
the plan worthy of discussion? 


A Tentative Proposition 

Combine the work of an evangelist 
and a solicitor of missionary funds. 

The Object. As evangelistic, to 
secure a continuous revival in the best 
sense. As a missionary, the success- 
ful and permanent working of a sys- 
tem which shall secure for the mis- 
sionary societies funds adequate to 
their work. 

The Plan. Missionary addresses 
which in securing money shall also 
win men ; "for where your treasure is, 
there will your heart be also." Evan- 
gelistic sermons which in winning con- 
verts shall inspire them to ask, "Lord, 
what wilt Thou have me to do ?" The 
"plan in detail contemplates a decision 



card indicating the desire or purpose 
of the subscriber to become a Christian 
and a pledge to become a co-laborer 
with Christ. Make this specific as a 
pledge to study missions to interest 
others, and, if the subscriber has an 
income, to make an offering to mis- 
sions. Canvass thoroughly the entire 
church and community to secure such 

The Argument. The work of mis- 
sionary societies is directly and only 
"to seek and to save that which was 
lost." To sustain them for Christ's 
sake is to become a co-laborer with 
Him. We cannot be co-laborers in the 
abstract ; it must be in some specific 
service. What service, if not this, 
have we a right to name ? 

The conviction. Living and giving 
are both alike of the Spirit. There 
can be no zeal in giving where there is 
no abundance of life. And spiritual 
life must have practical opportunities 
for service and sacrifice, or it will 

The conclusion. Spirit - filled 
churches, and adequately-filled mis- 
sionary treasuries (or an equivalent) 
are dependent one on another. Filled 
from the same Fountain, the overflow 
ing of the one will fill the 'Other ; for 
such filling has "promise ■of the life 
that now is, and of* that which is to 


Shall We Enter? 

The Indian Territory is a splendid field 
for Congregationalism. We are going to 
set up our standard in a few centres, but 
we ought to be entering a dozen or more 
strategic points this 1903. Why? Because 
Indian Territory is a wonderfully rich coun- 
try in its possibilities. Agricultural prod- 
ucts are raised there in variety and richness. 
and valuable mineral deposits are there in 

Because the Territory is being developed 
as fast as the peculiar tribal conditions will 
permit. Railroads are opening up every 
portion to present or future settlement. 

New towns are being laid out and old towns 
are being enlarged. There are at the pres- 
ent writing 150 towns surveyed and platted 
in the four Nations containing over 50,000 

Because an energetic and progressive class 
of people are locating in the towns and cities 
and will sooner or later have control of the 
more important interests. Among these are 
bound to be Congregationalists. 

Because Congregationalism is needed 
there. It needs our schools and church 
polity. Where Congregationalism has been 
a negation there will be found illiteracy, 
stagnation and low ethical standards. In- 
tioduce it as a leaven and the whole lump 
feels its expansive power. Read its story 
in the Southland. J. H. P. 

The Call of Texas 

To the Editor of tlic Home Missionary : 

Our newspapers report from time to time 
a large and rapid growth of population in 
Texas. Many of these people who are now 
seeking homes in that great state of the 
Southwest are reported to come from our 
older, central-western states, such as Iowa, 
Illinois, Wisconsin and Kansas. 

It is to be presumed that among these is 
a considerable Congregational element. 

Is the Home Missionary Society doing 
what we, as Congregationalists, ought to 
do to provide our own people who are 
building up the towns and cities of that 
great state of the Southwest, with Congre- 
gational Church privileges? 

Has it not been much of our weakness 
that we have been too willing to allow our 
people to go into other Christian denomina- 
tions? Ought we not to give to them in 
their new homes in the cities and growing 
towns of Texas the' privilege of the church 
out fsom the membership of which many of 
them have gone from the western states? 


A Suggestion 

To the Editor of the Home Missionary: 

In reading the remarkable story of Ameri- 
can Home .Missions, which has just been 
published* under the felicitous title "Leav- 
ening the Nation," I am impressed with 
the value which would accrue to the 
cause of Home Missions in the distribution 
of this book among those who are working 
on the field. If, for instance, every Home 
Missionary worker under the commission of 
the Congregational Home Missionary 
Society could receive a copy of this 
book, it would add not only to his 
enthusiasm, but to his immediate practical 
usefulness. I have sent a small contribution 
to a fund for such a distribution, to the 
Treasurer of the Congregational Home- 
Missionary Society, and am sure that he 
will gladly receive and use any further 
contributions for this purpose. L. M. S. 


"Not as much attention as it deserves," 
says The Christian Endeavor World, "has 
been paid to the action of the House of 
Representatives in regard to legislation 
made on the Lord's day. It has become the 
custom to meet on Sundays to listen to 
eulogies on deceased members. Meeting 
for that purpose on Sunday, February 8th, 
those in charge of the conference report on 
the bill establishing the new Department of 
Commerce presented it to the House in 
order that it might be acted upon the next 
day, a rule of the House requiring a con- 
ference report to lie over one day. On 
Monday, however, objection was stoutly ■ 
made that Sunday was not a legislative day, 
and that the presentation of the report was 
void. Speaker Henderson insisted that the 
House could make Sunday a legislative' day 
if it chose, and had virtually done so. An 
appeal was taken from his ruling, and the 
House sustained the appeal. This incident 
was a triumph for the Sabbath and also for 
patriotism, since, like all other laborers, our 
legislators can do better work for the na- 
tion if they observe a day of rest and wor- 

"The subject of the address before the 
Chicago Congregational Club by Dr. 
Charles M. Sheldon of Topeka," says the 
Chicago Correspondent of The Congrega- 
tionalist, "was Congregational Opportunity 
in the West. Dr. Sheldon believes that the 
time is ripe for an advance movement 
throughout the West, that the genius of 
Congregationalism is adapted to the feel- 
ings of Western people who dislike secta- 
rianism but do not object to the denomina- 
tionalism represented by Congregationalists. 
Some of the characteristics of the West, 
which appeal to Congregationalism, are in- 
dependence of habit, receptivity of either 
old truths or new forms, absence of aris- 
tocracy of thought, passion for edtication. 
Dr. Sheldon thinks the people care less for 
oratory than for truth and such presenta- 
tions of it as will, through its acceptance, 
lead to the development of a manly char- 

Says the Church Standard: "There has 
been a general cry of late years that if 
Christianity is to be saved, its teachers must 
go 'back to Jesus.' That cry has been 
abundantly justified by the abstractions and 

partialities which Christian teachers have 
too often substituted for the Christ they are 
sent to proclaim. Instead of that Divine 
Person, in the radiant glory of grace and 
truth, which is the secret of His power, 
schoolmen and theologians have set forward 
ponderous abstractions which, to nineteen- 
twentieths of the human race, are simply 
unintelligible ; and, instead of the whole and 
undivided Christ, as He revealed Himself 
to men — that men through Him might know 
the Father — men, women, and little children 
have been taught bald theories of some part 
of His self-revelation while the very true 
light, which is the 'life of men," has been 
almost hidden from their eyes." 

The New York Times, commenting upon 
the alleged decay of Bible reading, remarks : 
"We have and can have no statistics of 
Bible reading, but we have most interesting 
and trustworthy statistics of Bible publish- 
ing and Bible selling. In the case of any 
other book we should assume that the best 
selling book was the most read. Why 
should we not equally assume that about 
the Bible. That the publishing of Bibles is 
as good a business as ever is strongly inti- 
mated by the fact that the principal Bible 
publishers of England and America have 
formed a consolidation in the nature of a 
'trust.' Trusts are seldom formed and never 
floated on a falling market. Upon the 
whole, the burden of proof that Bible read- 
ing is going out of fashion is upon those 
who make the assertion. Nothing that at all 
approaches a demonstration has yet been 
furnished by them." 

Writing on the subject of "Fishers of 
Boys," the Pilgrim Teacher has this to re- 
"mark: "Any bait is allowable that catches 
fish. Teachers of boys classes must think 
of themselves as fishers of boys. The first 
aim is to secure their presence and interest. 
To this end the serial story has proved to 
be a useful item of the fisherman's outfit. 
Everyone knows how effectively it has been 
used in more than one instance from the" 
pulpit. It works well in restless, wide 
awake, straggling boy classes, such, as in 
every school, form the superintendent's 
most puzzling problem. It is not usually 
wise to take time in the' class to do the 
reading, but two or three minutes can be 
spared for someone to give a summary of 
the last chapter and two or three minutes 

4 o 


more for a judicious talk about it in which 
the teacher, with a skilful word or two, 
can tactfully bring out the moral bearing of 
the story and encourage a general exchange 
of opinion." 

"Tweed's classic question. 'What are you 
going to do about it?' says McClure's Maga- 
zine for March, "is the most humiliating 
challenge ever delivered by the one man to 
the many. But it was pertinent. It was the 
question then ; it is the question now. Will 
the people rule? That is what it means. 
Is democracy possible? The recent account 
in this magazine of financial corruption in 
St. Louis and of police corruption in Minne- 
apolis raise the same question. They were 
inquiries into American municipal democ- 
racy and so far as they went they were 
pretty complete answers. The people 
wouldn't rule. They would have flown to 
arms to resist a Czar or a King, but they 
let a 'mucker' oppress and disgrace and sell 
them out. 'Neglect.' so they describe their 
impotence. But when their shame was laid 
bare what did they do then? That is what 
Tweed the tyrant wanted to know, and that 
is what the democracy of this country needs 
to know. Minneapolis answered Tweed. 
With Mayor Ames a fugitive the city was 
reformed. No city ever profited so prompt- 
ly by the lesson of its shame." 

"Congregational Churches are' needed 
where men are unconverted and unregen- 
erate," says the Nebraska News. "Our 
churches are some times disposed to give up 
because the best families have moved away, 
or because there is no longer a strong Con- 
gregational element in the community, or 
because the Germans, or Bohemians, or 
Swedes, or somebody else has bought out 
the English speaking people; but if these 

people are unconverted then there is a call 
for a Congregational Church and its minis- 
ter. Our ministers seem sometimes to be 
looking for churches that are already made, 
they are looking for good churches." 

The same paper contains this item of 
news: "If Miss Annie E. Switzer becomes 
pastor at Holdredge there will then be six 
women serving as Congregational minis- 
ters in Nebraska : Mrs. E. B. Perkins at 
Clarks, Mrs. C. W. Preston assisting her 
husband on the Thedford field, Miss Laura 
H. Wild of the Butler Avenue Church, 
Lincoln ; Mrs. Mary Helser at Sargent- 
Wescott, Mrs. M. J. Dickinson at Linwood, 
and Miss Annie E. Switzer at Holdredge. 
Of these one at least, Rev. Laura H. Wild, 
is a classical graduate from college and 
seminary; and Miss Wild and Mrs. Perkins 
have been ordained by Nebraska churches ; 
we think the other four are not ordained." 

"The three mining Companies on Douglas 
Island, Alaska," says The Missionary Review 
for April, "are co-operating in establishing a 
Young Men's Christian Association with a 
$6,000 Building at Treadwell, to be open 
day and night, for their employees. The 
building was opened on Christmas Day, and 
contains recreation rooms, gymnasium, 
bowling-alleys, baths, smoking-room, and a 
lecture and entertainment hall. W. A. Reid, 
formerly general secretary of the association, 
at Kalamazoo, Mich., and for several year 1 ' 
engaged in conducting associations ameng 
miners and soldiers in Alaska, made acao- 
vass of the men in the mines. Eighty percent, 
of the employees signed for membership at 
%\ a month, which it was agreed should be 
taken from their pay by the company. Vio- 
lent opposition to the establishment of the 
association was shown by the saloon and 
gambling-house keepers, and even threats 
were made on Mr. Reid's life." 



February, 1903 

Not in commission last year. 



Carmichael, Neil, Red Cliff and Oilman 
Hutton, Milton A., Blaine, Wash. 
Madrid, Epitacio, General Missionary 

Evangelist, in New Mex. 
Mirick, Edwin A., Cass Lake, Minn. 
Newquist, K., (Jlenwood, Wis. 
Pettigrew, Julius D., Sunnyside, Wash. 
Plunkett, J. V., Springfield, Minn. 

Re-comm issioned. 

Bond, A. W., Pueblo, Colo. 

Bushnell, Campbell W., Granite Falls, Wash. 

Chapman, Richard K., Gettysburg, So. Dak. 

Gilbert, Thomas H., Sandy. Utah. 

Gilmore, E. I., Edmore and Lawton, No. Dak. 

Halbersleben, Henry C, Danbury, Neb. 

Haresnape, William, Long Pine, Neb. 

Jensen, Charles J., Evangelist in Eastern Wis. 

Jones, Richard. Revillo, So. Dak. 

Knight, P. S., Salem, Ore. 

Knudson, Albert L., Rosalia, Wash. 

Leppert, David, Huntington, Ore. 

Lowe, C. M., Monroe and Wattsville, Neb. 

McCarthy. James P., Helena, Mon. 

Michael, George, Walker, Minn. 

Miklosh, Miss Barbara, McKeesport and Du- 

quesne, Penn. 
Mueller, R. C, Medina and Washburn, No. Dak. 
Newton, William H., General Missionary, in 

Nugent. C. R., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Page, John, Villa Park, Colo. 
P„ose, George W., General 'Missionary in Utah 

and Idaho. 
Single, John, Sioux Falls, So. Dak. 
Smith, J. H. B., South Park, Minn. 
Staub, John J., Portland. Ore. 
Taggart. George A., Rainier, Ore. 
Taylor, William A., Fosston, Minn. 
Vavrina, Miss Katharine, St. Louis, Mo. 
Williams, Samuel, Riverton, Neb. 
Winslow, Jacob, Interlachen, Fla. 
Yukl, Adolf, Braddock, Penn. 


February, 1903 

For account of receipts by State Auxiliary Societies, see 

pages 4; and 46. 
MAINE — $94.14. 

Auburn. High St., by J. F. Atwood 

Bath, Central, bv J. C. Ledvard. . 

Whitney ville, Y. P. S. C. E.. by M. 

E. Bridgham 


N. n. Home Miss. Soc, by A. B. 

Cross, Treas 

Epping, by C. R. Sanborn 

Francestown, by A. Downs 

Hampton, by M. A. Getchell 

Keene, A Friend in First Ch 

Lyme, Mrs. N. F. Dimick 

New Market, T. H. Wiswall.... 
Tanworth, by H. A. Page 

VERMONT— $40.00. 

Hartford, through E 

Middlebury, S. S.. by M. A. Ross. . 
Richmond, by Rev. T. J. Holmes. . 

MASSACHUSETTS— $3,372.63 ; of 

which legacies, $i,0G6.77. 
Mass. Home Miss. Soc, by Rev. 

E. B. Palmer, Treas 

By request of donors 

Amherst. College. Ch. of Christ, 

by J. O. Thompson 

Boston, legacy" of Mrs. A. M. F. 

Daniels, by A. E. Scott, Ex.. 
Brookfield. Mrs. A. F. Means. . . . 
Essex, Y. P. S. C. E., by Alice P. 


Fitchburg, S. S. of Rollstone Ch., 

by K. G. Keyes 

Gardner, Y. P. S. C. E., by E. F. 


Greenfield, Estate of W. B. Wash- 
burn, by F. H. Wiggins. Treas. 
Hadley, Estate of J. B. Porter, by 

W. P. Porter, Trustee 

Ludlow, First, by Mrs. A. E. 


Pittsfield, A Friend 

Spencer, First, by F. W. Wilson. . 

24 00 
89 64 













































Springfield, First, by N. L. Elmer 
Park, by W. P. Underwood. . . . 
Mrs. E. J. Wilkinson 

Stoughton, First, by W. H. Gay. . 

Sudburv, Mrs. L. S. Connor. . . . 

Thorndike. Y. P. S. C. E., by C. 
A. Tabor 

Topsfield, Miss M. Todd 

Webster, First, by L. J. Spalding. 

Wellesley. A Friend 

West Medway, Y. P. S. C. E., Sec- 
ond, by S. Newman 

Worcester, legacy of Mrs. Mary C. 
Staples, by F. H. Dewey, Ex. . 

Woman's Home Miss. Assoc, Miss 
L. D. White, Treas., Salary 

RHODE ISLAND — $7.00. 

Edgewood, by D. A. Corey 

CONNECTICUT— $1,685.53 : 

of wliich legacy. $500.00. 
Miss. Society of Conn., by Rev. J. 

S. Ives 

Chaplin, II. T. Crosby 

Clinton, Y. P. S. C. E„ by C. H. 


Connecticut. A Friend 

East Woodstock, by J. M. Paine. 
Enfield, First, by F. A. King. . . . 
Glenbrook, Union Ch., by J. A. 


Hartford, A Friend 

Kensington, by S. M. Cowles ..... 

S. S., by J. Emerson 

Ledvard, by G. Fanning 

Meriden, N. F., First Ch 

Naugatuck, by F. Webster 

Nepaug, Mrs. A. E. Wright 

New Britain, legacy of Miss L. J. 

Pease, by L. H. Pease, Adm . . 
Stafford Springs, by C. H. Moore. 
Stratford, S. S., by J. A. Mallett. 
Torrington Center, by F, M. 


Unionville, Solomon Richards... 



















1 00 

500 00 

li 3 00 

7 00 







































Warren, Y. P. S. C. E., by J. F. 

Angevine 1 30 

Woodstock, S. S., by C. Child. ... 4 35 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. W. W. 

Jacobs, Treas. : 

Hartford. First, special. 15 00 

Somh Manchester, Sal- 
ary Fund 6 45 

Winsted. Second. Mrs. EL 

Gay, Salary Fund.... 25 00 

Woodstock, Aux., by Mrs. 
F. H. Buttes, Salary 

Fund 25 00 

71 45 
NEW YORK — .$10,589.58 ; 

of which legacy, .$9,500.00 
Briarcliff Manor, C. E. Soc, by 

G. S. Baylis 7 50 

Brooklyn, Oh. of the Pilgrims, of 

which $10, from Miss C. L. 

Smith, by A. D. Dana 768 00 

Mrs. Marion 10 00 

Elizabethtown, First, by P. R. 

Klein 13 40 

Greene, Instate of John W. Jones, 

by C. W. Grav, D. Sherwood and 

W. J. Russell, Exs 9,500 00 

Jamestown, First, by F. R. 

Moody 171 22 

Middletown, First, by C. L. Boyd. 2 29 
Napoli, First, by N. A. Bliss. ... 4 15 
New York City, Broadway Taber- 
nacle, A Friend 25 00 

Tremont, Trinity Ch., by Rev. 

F. B. Makepeace 10 39 

Little Morris' Birthday Gifts. 

in memoriam 4 00 

"S. E. G." 25 00 

Owego, bv C. E. Livermore 7 50 

Perry Center, by W. K. Selden.. 15 48 

Smyrna, C. E. Soc, by Miss M. A. 

Purdie 3 75 

Wading River, by J. Bassett 5 00 

Warsaw, by B. Tozier 10 90 

NEW JERSEY— $418.99. 

Bound Brook, by P. V. Bergen.. 90 40 
Closter, by I. H. Demarest . . . . 5 00 
East Orange, First, by A. M. Ken- 
nedy 16 80 

S. S. of the First, by J. Skinner. 

for Salary Fund 50 no 

Trinity, by F. W. Van Wagenen. 222 33 

Montclafr, S. S. of the First, by F. 

S. Foote. Jr 33 84 

Wyckoff, Mrs. J. H. Bergmann.. 50 


Bangor, Welsh, by J. L. Jones. . . 12 00 

Carbondale, First, bv Rev. A. M. 

Wood 9 00 

Coaldale, Tabernacle, bv T. W. 

Griffith 5 00 

Du Bois, Swedish Ch., by Rev. 

B. ( ). Johnson 3 25 

Ebensburgh. North Ch., by Rev. 

T. W." Jones 9 00 

Edwardsdale. Welsh, bv D. H. 

Morgan 10 00 

Forest City, by I. R. Benjamin. . 5 00 

Minersville, First, by D. W. Evans 6 00 

North Scranton, Puritan Ch., by 

Rev. R. J. Rees 5 00 

Pittsburgh, Swedish, bv Rev. A. 

G. Nelson ' 6 50 

Puritan Ch.. $14: S. S.. $3; by 

Rev. G. Marsh 17 00 

Scranton. R. J. Sears 5 10 

Woman's Missionary Union, Mrs. 
I). Ilowells, Treas. : 

Braddock Aid Soc 5 00 

Spring Creek 1 00 

G 00 
MARYLAND— $6.00. 

Frostburg, by Rev. W. E. Wright. 6 00 


Hendersonville. S. R. Ives, $2 : A 
Friend, $1, bv Miss S. R. 
Ives ". 3 00 

ALABAMA— $8.45. 

Catalpa, Tarentum and Carr's 
Chapel, by Rev. J. J. Stallings. 

Fairhope, Ch., $2 ; Y. P. S. C. E., 
$1.70 ; by Rev. G. L. Dickin- 

FLORIDA — $51.98. 

Cocoanut Grove, by Rev. B. G. 


Key West, by Rev. W. E. Todd.. 
Mt. Dora, Y. P. S. C. E., by R. C. 


St. Petersburg, by W. A. Coats.. 

Woman's II. M. Union, Mrs. E. 
W. Butler, Treas.. 

Lake Helen 3 00 

Ormond 6 40 

TEXAS — $4.3.20. 

Dallas, Central Ch., by J. II. 


Port Arthur, by Rev. J. S. Murphy 

Woman's EL M. Union, Mrs. A. 
Geen, Treas. : 

Dallas, First 3 20 

Grand Avenue Ch.. 5 00 

OKLAHOMA — $86.58. 

Received by Rev. J. EL Parker, 


Alva, $6.80 ; Anadarko, $3 ; by 

Rev. J. G. Lange 

Hobart, First, by Rev. W. L. 


Jennings, First, by Rev. C. A. 


Okarche, by Rev. W. S. Hills 

Perkins, First, $6 : Olivet, $4.55 ; 

by Rev. C. J. Rives. 

Wellston. First, by Rev. II. L. 


NEW MEXICO — 2o cents. 

San Jose, Ch 

ARIZONA — 25 cents. 

Holbrook, Ch 

TENNESSEE— $35.00. 

Knoxville, Pilgrim Ch., by Rev. J. 
H. Frazee 

OHIO— $10.00. 

Oberlin, Mrs. G. B. Hills 

INDIANA— $107.76. 

Received. by Rev. E. D. Curtis : 

Fort Recovery 20 05 

Indianapolis, Peoples Ch. 3 55 

Andrews, by Rev. J. II. Barnett.. 
Coal Bluff, by Rev. W. Currie. . . 
Fort Wavne, South Ch., bv Rev. 

D. T. Williams 

Indianapolis, Union Ch., bv Rev. 

C. L. Mills 

Ridgeville, by Rev. D. Y. Moore. . 

Woman's EL M. Union, Mrs. A. D. 

Davis, Treas. : 

Indianapolis, North.... 15 15 

Peoples Ch 10 00 

Trinitv 20 00 

Orland 17 00 

MISSOURI— $102.76. 

Received bv Rev. A. K. Wray : 

Brookfield 5 00 

Pierce City 11 75 

Republic, by Rev. J. W. Eldred.. 

St. Joseph, bv H. Schuler 

St. Louis, Compton Hill, by J. E. 


Hyde Park Ch., by J. C. Rob- 











9 40 

10 00 
25 00 

8 20 
















35 00 
10 00 

23 60 

4 26 

1 00 

5 00 
11 00 

62 15 

16 75 

8 00 

20 41 

28 80 

18 80 


Springfield, German Ch., by Rev. 

P. Burkhardt 10 00 

WISCONSIN — $10.00. 

South Milwaukee, German Ch., by 

Rev. A. H. Vogel 10 00 

IOWA— $8,088.12. 

Iowa Home Miss. Soc, by J. II. 

Merrill, Treas 87 12 

Tabor, Mrs. R. T. Matthews 1 00 

Shelby, A Friend 8,000 00 

MINNESOTA— $237.01. 

Received by Rev. G. R. Merrill, 

Ada 4 25 

Clearwater 3 40 

Mantorville 18 00 

Medford, Little Girls. . . 12 

Meriam Park, C. J. Hunt 5 00 

Minneapolis, Lyndale. . . 33 40 

Plymouth 74 72 

138 89 

Received by Rev. A. Clark : 

Bagley 2 60 

Brainerd, Peoples Ch. . . 1 75 

Dexter 1 75 

Newton 1 60 

Phcena 1 25 

• Staples 5 67 

Wadena 1 00 

14 62 
Aitkin, First, by Rev. W. E. 

Griffith 2 50' 

Athens and Spencer Brook, Scand. 

Ch's, by Rev. A. P. Engstrom. . 2 10 

Belview, Ch.. $13.59 ; Seaforth, 

$2.44, by R. S. Patchin 16 03 

Benson, Pilgrim, by Mrs. F. C. 

Robins 2 25 

Bertha, by Rev. J. Peters 5 00 

Climax, by Rev. H. C. Juell 7 43 

Fertile, by Rev. O. P. Charaplin. 5 00 

Lake City, Swedish Salem Ch., by 

Rev. J. R. Haggblom 2 50 

Pelican Rapids, Scand., by Rev. 

J. Pedersen 5 00 

Sandstone, Scand. Ch., by Rev. 

E. A. Anderson 2 72 

Tintah, First, by Rev. W. F. 

Trussell 3 00 

Wadena, Ch., special 15 00 

Winona, Second Ch., by Rev. 

E. W. Jenney 15 00 

NEBRASKA — $139.25. 

Received by Rev. M. E. Eversz, 
D.D. : 
Butte, Zions, German Ch. 6 00 
Fairfax, Hope German 

Ch 2 00 

Naper, Christ's, German 

Ch 4 00 

Superior, German Ch... 5 47 

17 47 

Alliance, $3.16 ; McCook, $10.38 ; 

German Ch's ; by Rev. C. F. 

Finger 13 54 

Arcadia, by Rev. F. G. Appleton. . 7 74 

Arlington, by Rev. G. H. Rice. . . 25 00 

Beaver Creek, $8.00 ; Guide Rock, 
$3.35 ; Liberty Creek, $3.00 ; 
German Ch's ; by Rev. W. F. 

Vogt 14 35 

Rurwell, by Rev. H. A. Shuman. . 10 00 

Curtis, by Rev. J. L. Fisher 5 00 

Lincoln, Mrs. C. J. Hall, by Rev. 

J. C. Noyce 20 00 

Minersville, by Rev. J. Jeffries. . . 8 50 

Omaha, Saratoga Ch., by Rev. F. 

E. Henry 3 50 

Hillside Ch., by Rev. H. G. 

Crocker 3 65 

Steele City, bv E. Zoeltin 5 00 

Trenton, by Rev. A. G. Axtell . . 50 

Urbana, by Rev. R. S. Pierce... 5 00 

Berthold, by Rev. E. Larke 

Fessenden, $9.25 ; Eigenheim, 
$7.50 ; German Ch's, and F. Sei- 
bold, $2.00; by Rev. P. Lich.. 

Hankinson, by J. W. Hargrave. . . 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. J. 
M. Fisher, Treas. : 

Cooperstown 2 90 

Niagara 10 00 

NORTH DAKOTA— $59.90. 

Received by Rev. G. J. Powell, 

5 00 

SOUTH DAKOTA— $236.01. 

Received by Rev. W. H. Thrall, 
Beresford, Ch., $18.80 ; W. II. 
M. Soc, $2.00. 
S. S., $2.70 ; Y. P. S. 
C. E., 50 cents, and Jr. 

C. E., $1 25 00 

Pioneer 5 00 

Received by T. L. Riggs : 

Cheyenne River 1 00 

Little Moreau 80 

Moreau River 1 54 

Oahe 1 50 

Virgin Creek 71 

Aberdeen, Mrs. M. A. Walker, 

by Rev. A. B. Case 

Badger, Ch., $2 ; Hetland, $7, by 

Rev. A. D. Shockley 

Badger and Hetland, by Rev. A. 

D. Shockley 

Bon Homme, by Rev. J. H. Olm- 


Columbia, by Rev. J. L. Jones. . . 
Fairfax, Bethlehem German Ch., 

by Rev. M. E. Eversz, D.D 

Highmore, by Rev. S. F. Huntley. 
Lake Henry, by Rev. P. B. Fiske. 
Lake Preston, by Rev. C. H. 


McCook, First, by Mrs. A. O. 


Tyndall, First, $9 ; Y. P. S. C. E., 

$2 ; by Rev. J. H. Olmstead 

Willow Lake, by Rev. H. G. 


Yankton, First, by Mrs. C. Carney 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. A. 
Loomis, Treas., of which for 
Alaska, $20; Cuba, $20 

COLORADO— $152.32. 

Received by Rev. H. Sanderson, 

Rye 3 50 

Sulphur Sm'ings, Rev. W. C. 

Graf . . .". 1 50 

Tuttle 1 05 

Cortez, $9.05 ;" Arriola, $4.30 ; by 

Rev. J. E. Hughes 

Denver, Plymouth Ch., by Rev. 

W. C. Veazie 

Eaton, by Rev. W. C. Veazie. . . . 
Fort Collins, $4.64 ; Sugar City, 

$5.06 ; German Ch's, by Rev. C. 

F. Finger 

Grand Junction, First, by F. R. 


Greeley, by Rev. W. C. Veazie. . . . 
Harmon, Union Ch., by Rev. H. M. 


Julesburg, Pilgrim Ch., by Rev. N. 

R. Curtis 

Rye, First, by Rev. A. W. Bond . . 
Yampa, First, by Rev. F. Fulker- 


UTAH — $6.25. 

Bountiful, Ch 

Salt Lake City, Phillips Ch., by 

Rev. P. A. Simpkin 

Sandy, Ch 

WYOMING— $26.00. 

Lusk and Manville, by Rev. H. 

C. Cleveland 

Wheatland, Union Ch., by Rev. G. 

W. Crater 








12 90 

30 00 





















80 00 

6 05 
13 35 

22 25 
16 00 

9 70 

16 70 
20 00 

8 17 

2 85 
4 25 

33 00 


5 00 

8 00 
18 00 




M< >NTANA — $42.50. 

Big Timber, First, by 

Missoula. Firstj by Rev. .1. 
Barnes *. 

I Mains, by Rev. P. B. Jackson. 

IDAHO— $12.95. 

Mountain Home, ('. E. Soc, by 
Rev. ('. E. Mason 

Nora, Swedish Ch.. by Rev. J. M. 
Jos?phson .' 


Priest River, First. 
Chamberlain . . . . 

>y Rev. II. \V. 

CALIFORNIA — $169.21. 

Received by Rev. J. L. 

Angeles, First .... 

Received by Rev. A. 

< 'laremont. S. S 

Corona. S. S 

Los Angeles, Vernon <'h 

\Y. II. M. S 

( Ontario 

Pasadena. First, \V. II 

M. S 

I'omona. Ch 

Primary. S. S 

Maile, Los 
' P.. ' ' 

I :,1 

5 OO 

5 00 

t; oo 
18 or, 
2 oo 

Bakersfield, by Rev. F. R. Fuller. 
By Rev. F. E. Andrews 

Compton. by Rev. M. D. Reid. . . . 

Eagle Rock Valley and La 
Canada, by Rev. W. P. Hardy. 

Ftiwanda, by Rev. A. W. Thomp- 

Los Angeles. Bethlehem Ch.. by 
Rev. i». YV. Bartlett 

Pasadena. Mrs. F. F. Wiggin.... 

Rialto, $15: Bloomington. $12; 
and San Bernardino. Bethel Ch.. 
$8 : by Rev. A. C. Dodd 

OREGON— $25.33. 

Received by Rev. C. F, Clapp, 

Forest Grove 

Beaver Creek. $13.34 : New Era, 

$1.8?.: Herman Ch's, by Rev. G. 


Sherwood. Rev. J. Cowman 

WASHINGTON— $393.10. 

Aberdeen. Swedish Ch.. by Rev. J. 

P. Ohleen 

Anacortes, Pilgrim Ch.. by Rev. 

II. .1. Taylor ' 

Black Diamond. Pilgrim Ch., by 

Rev. R. Bushel! 

Dayton, First, by Rev. -I. I». Jones 
Hillyard, First, by Rev. W. H. 


Machias, by Rev. P. II. Parker. . 
Newport, by Rev. J. Fletcher.... 
Seattle. Fdgewater Ch.. by Mrs. 

P. Land ' 

Sprague, by Rev. c. II. Wilbur... 
Spokane. Swedish Miss., by Key. 

J. J. Huleen 

Washougal, Bethel Ch.. by Rev. J. 

M. Preiss ' 

Woman's Home Missionary Union, 
by Mrs. F. P.. Burwell 

ALASKA— $10.00. 

Douglas, by Rev. F. c. Krause. . 


Contributions $15,386 1." 

Legacies 11,066 77 



Home Missionary .... 

13 00 

15 oo 
12 50 

5 70 


2 on 



46 oo 
1 oo 

1 15 


12 50 

10 00 

2 oo 
5 oo 

8 16 

15 17 
2 00 

1 00 













"> 00 

10 00 

26,453 22 

795 oo 

2,025 on 

r,o 35 

















. 40 








: 18.') 




*20.:::;o 02 


Reported at the National <>f'fi<' in 

Brooklyn. X. Y., H. B. and II. M. S., 
of Central Ch., by Harriet E. 
Haight. two barrels 

Burlington. Vt., Woman's Union, of 
College St., Ch., by Pell M. Bar 
ney, three boxes 

Cleveland. 0., Ladies' Assn., of Eu 
clid Ave. Ch., by Mrs. W. L. Fos- 
ter, two barrels 

Coventry. Conn.. Fragment Soc. 
by Mrs. Andrew Kingsbury, bar- 

Hartford. Conn.. L. P.. S. of Asylum 
Hill Ch., by Mrs. M. F. Brewster, 


L. A. S.. of Madison Ave. Ch., 
I>v Mrs. F. E. Ai wood, barrel . . 

Maine. N. Y., W. II. M. S.. by Mrs. 
L. F. Turner, box 

Naugatuck, Conn., by Mrs. C. L. 
Soule. barrel 

Norwich, Conn.. W. II. M. S.. of 
Park Ch., by Louisa G. Lan 


W. II. M. s.. of Broadway Ch., 
by Mary Creeinnan. two boxes. 

Riverside, Cal., First Ch., by Mrs. 
C. G. Warren, two barrels 

St. Louis. Mo.. Pilgrim Ch., by Mrs. 
M. R. Udell, two packages and box 

Received and reported at the ro,.,ns of the Woman's 
Ildiin Missionary Association, from Febru- 
ary 1. 190S, to March 1, 1908. Miss L. L. Sher- 
man, Secretary. 

Brighton, Aux., by Mrs. II. P. Ken- 
nedy, cash. $70; box... 25 40 

Chicopee, Third church Aux.. by 

Mrs. A. F. Gaylord, barrel 117 00 

Franklin, Aux.. by Miss Ilattie A. 

Daniels, barrel 74 27 

Holbrook. Winthrop Church Aux.. by 

Mrs. J. T. Southworth, barrel... 50 13 

Holliston, Aux.. by Mrs. J. P.. Wool- 
ford. 2 barrels 68 43 

Jamaica Plain, Central Church 

Aux.. by Mrs. R. M. Woods, barrel 70 OS 

Newburyport, Belleville Ch., Aux.. by 

Miss E. W. Mace, barrel 80 00 

Newport, R. L. Aux.. by Miss Eliza 

R. Hammett, box SI 50 

Newton, by Mrs. Mary I ». Scott. 

package and barrel 75 00 

Newton, by Mrs. Mary I>. Scott. 

barrel .' = 25 00 

Newton Highlands, Aux.. by Mrs. S. 

A. C. Thompson, barrel 90 00 

Northampton, Edwards Ch.. Aux.. 
by Mrs. A. F. Kneeland. box.... 16 00 

Northampton, Edwards Ch., Aux.. 

by Mrs. \. F. Kneeland. box 31 00 

North Brookfield, First Ch.. Aux.. by 

Mrs. F. G. Cutler, barrel 63 30 

Providence. R. I.. Central Ch.. Aux.. 

by Mrs Thus. F. Stockwell. box. 125 57 

Providence. R. L. Union Ch., Aux., 

bv Mrs. Wm. Knight, box 05 00 

Somerville, Broadway Ch., Aux.. by 

Mrs. W. C. Hill. 2 barrels.... 102 90 

Waltham, Aux.. by Mrs. J. W. 

Burcki s. 2 barrels 130 00 

Wesi Boylston, Aux.. by Mrs. Har- 
rier F. Daggett, barrel 68 01 

Whitman. Aux.. by Mrs. Sarah V. 

Smith. 2 boxes 12 57 

Worcester. Central Ch.. Aux.. by 

Mrs. Alice l>. Culbert, box 124 33 

Worcester. Centra! Ch.. Aux.. by 

Mrs. Alice I». Culbert. Christmas ^ 

packages 25 94 

Total ..$1.5 





Receipts in February, 1903. 

Rev. Edwin B. Paljiek, Treasurer. 

Ashland, by Miss L. M. Metcalf $20 12 

Bank balances, interest on 29 41 

Boston. Dorchester, Barry, John L., 

by Miss E. Tolman 10 00 

Boston, Dorchester, Second, A 

Friend 10 00 

Boston, Hill, Martha E., Est. of, by 

L. K. Morse, Ex 100 00 

Boston, Park St.. by F. I. Jordan. . 5 00 

Boston, Roxbury, Highland, E. C. A. 

Day Band, by Miss M. Gilmore. . 10 00 

Braintree. First, by A. H. Cobb.... 14 50 

Brimbecom, M. E. Fund, Income of. 20 00 

Cummington, by Geo. W. Guilford . . 10 05 

Deerfield, South, Smith, Mrs. L. M. 5 00 

Dunstable, by W. P. Proctor 38 00 

Erving, by Rev. J. A. Pogue 6 50 

Finns, by Rev. A. Groop 16 75 

Finns, by Rev. K. F. Henrikson. ... 10 76 

Fitchburg, Messinger, Mary S., Est. 

of, by J. W. Bennett, Ex 1,000 00 

Fitchburg, Swede, Evan., by R. Nil- 
son 10 00 

Hadley, First, S. S., by S. H. Parker 2 33 

Harvard, by J. W. Bacon 5 25' 

Haverhill, Bradford, by S. W. Carle- 
ton 31 38 

Hawley, First, by B. L. Holden. ... 4 75 

Holliston, Burnap, Elizabeth S., Est. 

of, by J. E. Gilcreast 2,000 00 

Holyoke, Second, by W. A. Allyn. . . 104 97 

Ipswich, First, C. E. Soc, by Miss 

A. F. Thomas 2 00 

Lancaster, Symmes, C. T., Est. of, 

by W. H. Blood, Adm 3,000 00 

Lawrence, Swedes, by Rev. E. Holm- 

blad 7 70 

Lawrence, Trinitv, bv Frank J. Ball. 11 00 

Lincoln, Add'l, by Rev. E. E. Brad- 
ley 11 00 

Littleton, Orth., by Miss A. J. Cut- 
ler 10 00 

Lowell, First Trin., by I. W. Bisbee, 
of which $33.99 for local foreign 
work 54 21 

Lynn. North, by A. Earle 39 24 

Maiden, Maplewood, Swede, by Rev. 
E. Holmblad 5 00 

Mansfield, Jr.. C. E. Soc, special for 

child in Cuba, by Miss E. A. Fitts 4 00 

Medford. West, by H. M. Clapp 8 25 

Merrimac, by F. O. Davis 4 50 

Middleboro, Central S. S., by W. R. 

Mitchell 5 98 

Newburyport, Coffin, Chas. H, Est. 
of, by Hon. A. D. Bosson, Trus- 
tee 162 48 

Newburyport, Prospect St., by A. 

H. Wells 3 50 

Newton, Wilder, Miss E. and 

Friends, for Ita'.ian work 12 00 

North Adams, First S. S., by Mrs. 

W. S. Garland 10 00 

North Attleboro, Oldtown, by C. 

E. Jordan 3 00 

Northbridge. Whitinsville. Whitirj, 
Mrs. A. C, Est. of, by H. T. 
Whitin. Adm 500 00 

Norwegians, by Rev. C. M. Jacobson. 8 08 

Oxford, First, no name 5 00 

Pittsfield. French Mission, by A. C. 

Boutwiller 10 00 

Plymouth, Pilgrimage, and Italians, 

by C. F. Cole 50 00 

Reading, by Dean Peabody 15 00 

Reed, Dwieht Fund. Income of . . . . 48 00 

Sharon, add'l, by D. W. Pettee.... 17 84 

Shelburne Falls, by Miss C. E. 
Field, to const. Mrs. J. A. Haw- 
ley, L. M. of C H. M. S 53 10 

Shrewsbury, by Henry Harlow.... 9 00 

Southbridge, Globe Village, Evan. 

Free, by Ben Hayward 

Springfield, Olivet, by H. A. Stowell. 
Swett, Western Fund, Income of. . 

Tolland, by John R. Rogers 

Wakefield, by W. P. Preston 

West Boylston, by E. B. Rice.... 
Westfield, First, by M. E. Searle . . . 
Westhampton, by E. H. Montague . . 
West Springfield, Park St., by R. D. 


Whitcomb, David Fund, Income of. . 
Winchester, First, by F. E. Rowe. . 
Worcester, Adams Sq., by N. W. 

Whittlesey ' 

Worcester. Damon. Harriet W., Est. 

of, by F. H. Wiggin, Trustee. . . . 
Worcester. Union, by Geo. H. Stone. 
Yarmouth,, by E. D. Payne 

Woman's Home Missionary Asso- 
ciation. Miss Lizzie D. White, 

Treas. : 
Towards salary of Mrs. 

Ellen May, Italian, 

Boston, two months.. $70 00 
Towards salary of Miss 

C. L. Tenney. of the 

Fr. Am. Coll 50 00 

For work of Miss Mary 

Truhlar, Pole. Bib. 

Rea 37 88 

Towards salary of Rev. 

S. Deakin 100 00 

Home Missionary 































$8,232 88 
5 80 

$8,238 68 


Contributions in February, 1903. 

Ward W. Jacobs, Treasurer, Hartford. 

Bridgeport, Olivet, by L. F. Marsh- 
all 6 00 

Sunday School 3 00 

Broad Brook, by S. B. Adams 5 94 

For C. H. M. S 5 12 

Chaplin, bv Frank C. Lummis 15 00 

Easton, by S. B. Turney 8 00 

Goshen, S. S., bv Frank J. Seaton. . 11 57 

Haddam. First, by Rev. E. E. Lewis 16 00 
Hartford. Windsor Ave., by Henry 

H. Pease, for C. H. M. S 1,123 41 

Lyme, Y. P. S. C. E., by Winthrop 

Buck 5 00 

Nau^'atuck, bv Florence Webster. . 100 00 
New Milford. Y. P. S. C. E., by Mil- 
lard B. Dorwin 5 00 

Norwich. First, bv Lewis A. Hyde. . 88 17 

Old Saybrook, By Robert Chapman. 3 70 

For C. H. M. S 3 71 

Plymouth, by George Langdon 20 00 

Prospect, by Rev. W. H. Phipps. . 15 00 

Redding, by J. B. Sanford 12 68 

Somers. bv L. W. Percival 10 58 

South Glastonbury, by H. D. Hale. . 13 34 
Suffleld, First, by W. E. Russell, to- 
gether with previous contributions 
to constitute Mrs Carrie L. Knox, 

of Suffield, a Life Member 41 60 

Thompson. S. S.. for Italian work, by 

Arthur J. Wilkes 5 00 

Trumbull, by Willard S. Plumb.... 9 25 
Waterbury. Second, - Mrs. W. II. 

Camp, personal 10 00 

Westminster, bv William B. Imer. . 7 57 

Wilton, by Thomas F. Gilbert 20 50 

Windham'. First, bv William Swift. 43 69 

M. S. C . . . 
C. H. M. S. 

476 59 
1,132 24 

$1,608 83 

$1,608 83 




Contributions in February, 1903. 

Josiah D. Evans, Treasurer. 

Edwardsdale. N. Y., Cong. Ch.$ 3 00 

Homer. N. Y., Cong. Ch 21 48 

Lisle Centre. Cong. Ch 2 54 

Newburg. N. Y., Cong. Ch.. 10 00 
New York City, Armenian 

Cong 1 00 

Portland. N. Y, Cong Ch. 12 25 

Spring Valley 4 00 

Susquehanna 12 50 

$G6 77 


Contribution* in February . 1303. 

Rev. J. G. Feaser, Treasurer. 

Centennial, by Rev. E. R. Williams. 
Ceylon, by Rev. W. II. Hannaford. . 
Chagrin Falls, by Rev. M. L. Dalton 
Cincinnati, Storrs, Rev. O. H. Den- 


Cincinnati, Columbia. S. S.. by J. L. 

Milligan. Treas 

Cleveland, North, by R. J. Thomas. . 
Columbus, North, S. S., by Robert 

Hillery, Treas 

Oirard, Bv Rev. W. J. Evans. . . . 
Grafton, by Willis N. Hitchcock, 


Ireland, by Rev. E. R. Williams. . . . 
Isle St. George, bv Rev. J. A. 

Thome. (Coll.) 

Kellev's Island, by Rev. J. A. Thome, 


Kelley's Island, by Rev. J. A. Thome 
New Castle, Pa., by David T. Evans, 


North Madison, by Rev. H. A. N. 


Norwalk, by Rev. J. A. Thome. . . . 
Oberlin, Rev. Irving W. Metcalf, 

Special . . | 

Painesville. First, by Frank L. Kerr. 


Sharon. Pa.. S. S., by William J. 

Thomas, Treas 

Unionville. by I. W. Cone. Treas. . 
West Millgrove, by W. L. Ketcham. . 






























187 39 


Contributions in February, 1903. 

The Rev. John P. Sanderson. Lansing, 


Alligan 6 00 

Bradley 1 55 

Cannon 10 00 

Chippewa Lake 1 00 

Fremont 30 30 

Fremont, Y. P. S. C. E 2 00 

Grand Lodge 10 00 

Grand Rapids, Smith Mem 8 00 

Hancock 40 18 

Hart 10 00 

Hart, S. S 1 00 

Hetherton 20 00 

Ironton 2 00 

Johnstown and Barry 10 00 

Lake Odessa 10 30 

Lamont 15 00 

Lansing. Plymouth 141 68 

Oakwood 10 00 

Olivet 50 05 

Orion 5 00 

Oxford 20 00 

Rochester 14 00 

Rodney 1 00 

Vermontville 5 00 

A Friend 00 00 

Rent of Ionia Froperty 21 43 

W. II. M. U. of Mich 208 95 

Receipts of the Woman's Home Missionary 
Union of Michigan in February, 1903. 
Mrs. E. F. Grabell. Treasurer. 

Benton Harbor, C. M. S .$5 00 

Bronson, W. H. U., $8 ; Church, 

.|1.50 9 50 

Dowagiac. W. M. S 5 00 

Fremont, W. M. S 10 00 

Grand Ledge, W. H. M. U 11 25 

Grand Rapids. Plymouth. W. M. S. 3 00 

Grape, A Friend 1 00 

Greenville, W. II. M. S.. Thank of- 
fering 18 70 

Hudson, W. M. S 5 00 

Lansing, Plvmouth, L. Soc 40 53 

Marshall. Mrs. Eliza Allen 50 

Mattawan, W. H. M. U 5 00 

Oxford, W. II. M. S 2 50 

Vermontville, W. II. M. S 3 50 

West Adrian, H. M. Dept 13 00 

$133 48 
Detroit, Boulevard, Y. W. M. 

S 5 00 

Grand Rapids, Park, Y. L. M. 

S 25 00 

Grand Rapids. Plymouth, 

Girls' Miss. Soc 1 00 31 00 

$104 48 

Congregational Home Missionary Society 

Eastern Representative 
R. A. Beard, D.D., Congregational House, Boston, Mass. 


Field Secretary 
Rev. W. G. Puddefoot, South Framingham, Mass. 


Moritz E. Evetsz, D.D., German Department, 153 La Salle St., Chicago, III. 
Rev. S. V. S. Fisher, Scandinavian Department, Minneapolis, Minn. 
Henry A. Schauffler, D.D., Slavic Department, Cleveland, Ohio. 

Edw. D. Curtis, D.D.... Indianapolis, Ind 

Rev. S. F. Gale . Jacksonville, Fla. 

Geo. R. Merrill, D.D. . Minneapolis, Minn. 

Alfred K. Wray, D.D „ Carthage, Mo. 

Rev. W. W. Scudder, Jr. ...... . West Seattle, Wash. 

Rev, W. B. D. Gray ..Cheyenne. Wyo. 

Harmon Bross, D.D Lincoln, Neb. 

Rev. A. T. Clarke. . . . .Shelby, Ala. 

Frank E. Jenkins, D.D . Atlanta, Ga. 

Rev. Luther Rees Paris, Tex. 

Rev. W. H. Thrall ....Huron, S. Dak. 

Rev. G. J. Powell ... .Fargo, N. Dak. 

Rev. H. Sanderson . .Denver, Colo. 

J. D, Kingsbury, D.D. (New Mexico, 

Arizona, Utah and Idaho) 

Salt Lake City, Utah. 

Rev. John L. Maile...... ....Los Angeles, Cal. 

Rev. C. F. Clapp. Forest Grove, Ore. 

T. W. rones, D.D j m Woodland Terrace. 

I Philadelphia, Pa. 

Rev. W.S. Bell Helena, Mont. 

Rev. J. Homer Parker,... ...Kingfisher, Okla, 

Secretaries and Treasurers of the Auxiliaries 

Rev. Charles Harbutt, Secretary.. .....Maine Missionary Society ..24 Dow St., Portland, Me. 

W. P. Hubbard, Treasurer......... " " " ...... ....Box 1052, Bangor, Me. 

. Rev. A. T. Hillman, Secretary.......... New Hampshire Home Missionary Society ....Concord, N. H. 

Alvin B. Cross, Treasurer..*.... " " " " " .. Concord, N.H. 

Charles H. Merrill, D.D. , Secretary.. Vermont Domestic " " St. Jobnsbury, Vt. 

J. T.Ritchie, Treasurer " " " " .St. Johnsbury, Vt. 

Rev. Joshua Coit, Secretary.. Massachusetts Home " " / 609 Cong'l House, 

Rev. Edwin B. Palmer, Treasurer " " " " t Boston, Mass. 

Rev. J. H. Lyon, Secretary ..Rhode Island ." " " I Central Falls, R. I. 

Jos. Wm. Rice, Treasurer ....... p " " " " " ..... ....Providence, R. I. 

Rev. Joel S. Ives, Secretary ; ..Missionary Society of Connecticut....... Hartford, Conn. 

W. Ward Jacobs, Treasurer " " " Hartford, Conn. 

Rey. C. W. Shelton, Secretary.. ....New York Home Missionary Society, Fourth Ave. and 22d St.. New York 

JosiahD. Evans, Treasurer " " " " " " "" " " " 

l.G.Fraser, D.D. , Secretary Ohio " " " .Cleveland, Ohio. 

J. G. Fraser, D.D., Treasurer .... " " '.* " Cleveland, Ohio. 

James Tompkins, D.D. , Secretary ..Illinois " " " j 153 La Salle St., 

Aaron B. Mead, Treasurer " " " " X Chicago, 111. 

Homer W. Carter, D.D. , Secretary.... Wisconsin " " " . Beloit, Wis. 

C. Mi Blackman, Treasurer. " " " " Whitewater, Wis. 

T. O. Douglass, D.D., Secretary .Iowa " *' Grinnell, Iowa. 

J. H. Merrill, Treasurer " " " " Des Moines, Iowa, 

WilliamH. Warren, D.D. , Secretary ........Michigan " " " Lansing, Mich. 

Rev. John P. Sanderson, Treasurer " " " " .1.... ........ Lansing, Mich. 

Rev. Henry E. Thayer, Secretary Kansas Congregational Home Missionary Society... Topeka, Kan. 

L. D. Whittemore, Treasurer " " " " " ...Topeka, Kan. 

Rev. J. K. Harrison, Secretary California Home Missionary Society. .......San Francisco, Cal. 

Geo. H. Morgan, Secretary .............Congregational City Missionary Society.... ..St. Louis, Mo. 

Rev. W.W. Newell, Superintendent " " " " ..St. Louis, Mo. 

Lewis E. Snow, Treasurer..... " " " " ...St. Louis, Mo. 


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A Missionary Religion, T. T. Munger . . . . . 47 

The Country's Need, Charles L. Morgan . . . -47 

How to Win Souls, W. G. Puddefoot . . . . .48 

Unity in Home Missions, Frederick B. Pullan .... 49 

Spiritual Values, A. W. Ackerman . . . • 49 

The Method of Home Missions, JV K. McLean .... 50 

The Magic City, J. G. Fraser . . . . . 50 

California in "Forty-nine," S. H. Wiiley .... 51 

A Remedy for Civic Apathy, Wilson L. Gill . -5* 

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The Seventy-seventh Year — Denominational Competition — An Era in Immigration — 
Are We Satisfied ? — A New Departure — " Religious Life in America "—"Patriotism 
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OUR COUNTRY'S YOUNG PEOPLE, conducted by Don O. Shelton 67 

Young People and the Annual Meeting — United Missionary Effort — Notable Achieve- 
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Activities in Cuba — Foreword, by Washington Choate — Progress at Guanajay, by 
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Church in the House, by Rev. E, P. Herrick — Encouragement and Needs at Cien- 
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WOMAN'S PART . . . .... 81 

Easter and Home Missions, Mrs. Sarah F. Ward . . . .81 

To Every One a Call, Mrs. Louise Ordway Tead ... 82 

A Clearer View, Mrs. Elizabeth B. D. Smyth . . . . 83 


Closer Supervision, another view — Denominational Competition . 
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Newell Dwight Hillis, D.D., President 
Joseph B. Clark, D.D. Washington Choate, D.D. 

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There were 61 of these, and 
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azine in its n e w form 
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These have come from 
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The pastor of a large Con= 
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All hail to the new "Home Mis- 
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A Christian worker who is 
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vol. lxxvii MAY, 1903 

NO. 2 



A Missionary Religion 

MY interest in both Home and 
Foreign Missions deepens 
as time goes on. The 
Christian religion is a mis- 
sionary religion, or it is nothing. Take 
this feature away from it, and it set- 
tles down into a useful ethic, but it is 
no longer a religion. The Christian 
religion is the true religion, because 
it is universal. Not that universality 
makes it true ; but being what it is — a 
religion of humanity under God, the 
Father of all, it must be universal. 
Just so far as we overlook this feature 
and the truth underlying it, we fail 
of the meaning of our religion and 
are false to it. There need be but one 
argument for Missions to those who 
know not Christ and God the Father, 
namely, we ourselves have no Gospel, 
except as we give it to others who are 
without it. 


The Country's Need 

When asked what for to-day is 
New England's most needed work, 
and not New England's merely but 
that of many a region of the older 
west, where once well kept church 
edifices are falling to ruin, I reply the 
persistent preaching of the Gospel as 
an initiative for a period of from four 
to six months by men who in point of 
ability are far above the average type 
which the country church is able to 
support. It is true beyond denial that 
in many a decadent community the in- 
terest in Christian truth and living is 
at a low ebb. But the community is 
rare which the man of proved ability, 
combining scholarship with the gift 
of preaching the evangelistic temper 
and the grace of common sense, just 
such a man as commands in the town 
or city church a salary of from three 
to five thousand dollars, cannot, with 
the Spirit's help, lift out of its leth- 
argy and quicken to a new sense of 



dignity and ability. The city has too 
long monopolized the ability of the 
ministry. This is not to depreciate 
the faithful men who at great sacrifice 
are doing such splendid work in many 
small communities. But it is none the 
less true that the town and city 
churches are scanning with eagle eye 
the entire horizon for every rise of 
unusual ability and that in such de- 
mand for the best the country is sifted. 
But it is this ability which the country 
needs and to which it will respond. 

Let the Home Missionary Society 
call to its service a share of the ablest 
pastors and preachers and put each in 
temporary charge of a community 
where self-respect and spiritual life 
have lapsed into general indifference 
or even into prevalent immorality and 
the result will not be doubtful. The 
Puritan conscience may slumber but 
it lives. That the descendants of 
worthiest ancestry can sadly degener- 
ate in point of culture and aspira- 
tion through un favoring environment 
finds marked instance in the immedi- 
ate antecedents of Abraham Lincoln 
who had for their progenitors the same 
Hingham Lincolns whose children 
have brought honor to the nation in 
every sphere of life. The boy Abra- 
ham needed but the spur of opportu- 
nity to vindicate the blood which 
coursed his veins. What many a de- 
cadent country region needs is the 
revival of opportunity with the stimu- 
lus of strong character and high 
ability to the energy of new life and 
hope. Nor is such a method without 
precedent. On a moderate scale 
and more especially along the evangel- 
istic line, it has been well and success- 
fully tried in Illinois, where for many 
years of my residence there, and I 
think still, some three missionaries 
were commissioned of proven gifts as 
successful preachers and organizers. 

Under their efforts, often continued 
through several months, communities 
that had seemed almost hopeless ex- 
perienced a revolution. Backsliders 
were reconverted. Not a few blatant 
infidels were reclaimed. The weak and 
doubtful were heartened. A faith 

and fervor were born which continue 
to this hour the proof of what God's 
mighty Spirit can do if He can but 
work through the adequate channel. 
Dr. Tompkins can cite the communi- 
ties which date their present thrift 
and character from just such a resur- 
rection from death to life at the call 
of God's Spirit. When once such a 
region has been born anew it is mar- 
vellous what resources come to light 
which no one had suspected, both in 
personal ability and money for the 
support of Christ's work. Of late our 
energies have been chiefly expended in 
the city. And certainly we must save 
the city. But if we lose the country 
we shall lose the city as well. For 
it is the country which eventually will 
possess and control the city. This is 
the invariable law of economics. In 
the soil of the country must be deep 
laid the foundations of whatever is 
to be great and enduring, whether of 
temporal or spiritual worth. Already 
the decay of so many of the once 
strong Pilgrim churches of the cities 
is surely registering the failure of 
that once most prolific source of sup- 
ply, viz. — the Christian homes and 
stalwart churches of the country. Let 
our home missionary societies aid in 
giving to the country its share of the 
best and we shall not fail of a royal 




How to Win Souls 

Whole books have been written on 
how to catch trout, or to hunt for 
wild animals, but your natural born 
hunter bags his game while the book- 
man is fastening his fly. So it is in 
winning souls. "It pleased God by 
the foolishness of preaching to con- 
vert those that believe," but it pleases 
God by right living to convert those 
who don't believe, and that is a much 
larger truth. "A merry heart doeth 
good like medicine." t believe that 
more souls are won by the cheerful 



way that the minister lives than by 
all his sermons. Let me illustrate 
with a concrete instance. It was on 
a midsummer night. The sultry air 
was heavy and the last bright gleam 
from the setting sun shot from under 
heavy dun clouds. The lake moaned 
in sympathy with the forest trees. 
Evidently a big storm was brewing 
and at midnight it burst upon the 
startled people with a clap like the 
day of doom. The storm was short, 
as it was furious. A gentle tap came 
at the parsonage door. "Who's 
there !" "Me, your neighbor." 
"What's the matter?" "We've been 
struck; I've put out the fire, but am 
numb from my knees down. My wife 
is awfully scared and wants you to 
come and pray with her." "All 
right." I hurried on my clothes as 
fast as I could, pondering in my 
mind the best kind of prayer for 
thunder and lightning. When I 
reached the room, the woman was sit- 
ting on the side of the bed. "Oh, 
Mr. Puddefoot, I'm afraid God is 
after us. This is the second time 
we've been struck." "Don't you 
worry, sister, if God had been after 
you, He would have hit you the first 
clip." The incongruity of God's tak- 
ing two' shots at them and missing 
both times, struck the woman with 
such force that "her mouth was filled 
with laughter and her tongue with 
singing." The fear of God was 
changed in a twinkling to love for 
Him, which proves that "a merry 
heart doeth good like a medicine." 


Unity in Home Missions 

Home Missions means the spiritu- 
al and financial aid necessary for the 
continuous preaching of the Gospel 
of Christ by the church in every com- 
munity in our own country. I speak 
now of course as a Protestant and of 
Protestant Home Missions. The 
work ought to be denominational only 

when and where a given denomina- 
tion can do it with the best results. 
Inevitably and increasingly this will 
require the fullest and frankest 
Christian Comity among Protestant 
churches of all names. In some com- 
munities, especially in our growing 
city life, the work will call for the 
federated enterprise of several de- 
nominations concentrated in that par- 
ticular form best suited for that par- 
ticular community. The real Christ- 
life of this missionary work will 
gradually force our missionary en- 
terprises into this unity of effort in 
not a few localities. The barriers are 
still high and strong before the free 
flowing of the missionary river of 
life in this Christ-like way, through 
our many ungospeled communities 
throughout the land; but they must 
surely disappear, as the Christ keeps 
coming nearer by the power of the 
Holy Spirit in the Churches. 


Spiritual Values 

The returns from Home Missionary 
investments are so varied that we are 
led at times to ignore the most com- 
mon and therefore profitable results. 
It is a high achievement to produce a 
self-supporting church. It is worth 
while to make the churches self-sup- 
porting as rapidly as possibly. But it 
is also profitable to preach the gospel 
where there is no hope of forming a 
church or one that will support itself. 

Lumbermen build mills, investing 
thousands of dollar's, to secure the 
timber in a certain section, with no 
hope of making the plant permanent, 
and when the timber is cut leave ma- 
chinery and buildings to rust and de- 
cay and count themselves well paid. 
Home Missionary money put into such 
a lumber camp that men who are iso- 
lated from the privileges of the Word 
may learn of the divine life should not 
be counted lost because no church 
stands as a memorial of the effort or 
helps to swell our funds. 



A church in Oregon has received 
aid for thirty-seven years and is not 
to-day self-supporting. But during 
those years a man of God has minis- 
tered to a community of needy souls, 
for a number of years, the missionary 
has visited the fort across the river 
and preached to men who are sta- 
tioned there for a season. Why 
should one preach where there is no 
prospect of even forming a church, 
as among these soldiers? Let us give 
help to the promising fields, but let us 
also have our share in the work among 
the helpless, those who are hopeless 
of ever coming to self-support. 



The Method of Home Missions 

There is no best method. Local 
conditions must everywhere qualify 
the local methods. Let that be our 
first home missionary postulate. 
There is no one way. There must be 
a thousand ways. Paul says, he made 
himself all things to all men that he 
might by all methods gain some. He 
approached no two men alike. Ag- 
gressive Christianity can successfully 
approach no two towns or scattered 
communities alike. 

In no denomination does so much 
depend upon the personality of the 
preacher as in ours. He has no other 
authority than that resident in sancti- 
fied manhood. Let him be in the true 
sense of the word a man in Christ, 
and in his manhood under God lies 
an invincible power. In no denomina- 
tion also so much as in ours, does 
progress depend upon the personality 
of the membership of the church. We 
have no specialty. We have no theory 
of church, no form nor ordinance as 
our point of impact. It must be 
wholly Christ in us that shall give us 
favor and cause men to run unto us. 
Let the divine life fill the soul, and 
one shall win a thousand, and two 
bring ten thousand to Christ. And 

finally, we Congregationalists must 
earnestly and persistently seek both in 
growing towns and scattered com- 
munities interdenominational home 
missionary co-operation ; must seek 
until we find it. That is part of our 
heaven appointed mission. The dis- 
tinctive genius of our polity demands 
it of us. And above all, let us have 
faith in ourselves, our polity, our fu- 
ture, o<ur destiny, let us appreciate 
our high calling and walk worthy of 
it. To the church that believeth all 
things are possible ; to the church that 
doubts nothing is possible. 


The Magic City 

I was interested in and captured by 
Birmingham. It justifies its chosen 
name, "The Magic City ;" and there 
can be no doubt that it is to be one of 
the great cities, and probably the great- 
est city of the South. The same train 
picks up the iron, the coal and the lime, 
apparently in inexhaustible supply on 
the way to the furnace. The soberest 
estimate counts from 60,000 to 75,000 
people in the Birmingham district, 
while 100,000 is not an uncommon 
claim. And there are more to follow. 
Population is increasing rapidly. 
With inexhaustible resources, cheap 
labor, a mild climate, and an increas- 
ing market for iron, it is hard to put 
a limit to future possibilities. The 
population represents every portion of 
the country, and with the freedom 
and flexibility that always mark a 
population so constituted. While es- 
sentially Southern in local thought 
and custom, there is a large dash of 
Northern vigor and life, and many of 
those in positions of responsibility are 
young men from the North. While 
characterized by crudity, which is it- 
self a sitrn of life, Birmingham is 



rapidly taking on the marks of a city ; 
an uncommonly fine and complete 
electric railway system, including all 
the suburbs, for the most part at a 
single fare, several elegant and com- 
plete ten story office buildings, street 
pavings, the installation of a plant of 
the Holley system of underground 
steam heating ; these are suggestions 
of the city's developing vigor. 

There is friendship here and free- 
dom ; a hospitable welcome to all 
forms of religious organization. The 
Presbyterians, at whose Monday 
morning meeting I was made welcome, 
are strong, with from a dozen to a 
score of churches in the district ; all 
.are connected with the Southern As- 
sembly. Two or three Northern Pres- 
byterian Churches have been started, 
but have either disbanded or changed 
relations. The type of Presbyterian- 
ism is very conservative in theology, 
notably warm in spiritual life, and ac- 
tive on the practical and social side. 

Congregationalists have been com- 
ing to Birmingham for twenty-five 
years, waiting patiently about for 
months to find a church home of their 
own sort, and then after their broad 
fashion, making homes for themselves 
in other churches, chiefly Presbyter- 
ian. Our Presbyterian friends wiser 
in their generation than the children 
of light have made them elders and 
deacons, Sunday-school Superintend- 
ents' and Church Treasurers, thus 
fixing them in their present places. 
The present unattached Congrega- 
tional material is not large. If Birm- 
ingham were a country village there 
would be no excuse for entering it 
with a Congregational Church ; if it 
were a city of 10,600 there would 
be no reason ; if it were a fin- 
ished city of 50,000 it might be ques- 
tionable ; but with its present resources 
and an assured future, 100,000 people 
already present or on the way, the 
problem is a very different one. 
Make a strong beginning at Birming- 


California in "Forty-nine" 

When we left New York in De- 
cember, 1848, the United States flag 
was known to be up here, and the 
country was ours by recent treaty. 
Only one thing more was known, 
namely, that a monthly line of steam- 
ships, via Panama, was just ready to 
begin operating. 

That was all ; we hurried aboard 
the first ship leaving, which was to 
go to the Isthmus by way of Charles- 
ton, Savannah, Havana, and New Or- 
leans. At New Orleans we met the 
first authentic news of the discovery 
of gold in California, which took place 
in January, 1848, and were told of the 
enormous increase in the price of liv- 
ing. We were perplexed. We hardly 
knew whether the Society would want 
us to go on under these new and 
strange conditions. We remained in 
New Orleans four or five days, and 
our letters from there to the secre- 
taries doubtless show the uncertain 
state of our minds. But having tickets 
through, we determined to go on and 
see what we should see. 

We had all the hard experiences of 
the Isthmus and Pacific Steamship 
journey, and were always concerned 
as to what they were thinking of our 
decision in New York. We had no 
means of hearing a word until the 
mail steamship reached Monterey on 
April 1, 1849, after I had been there 
more than a month. You can imagine 
therefore, with what eagerness and 
satisfaction I read my first letter from 
Dr. Badger, which said : 

"There are three things I want to 
say to you for your encouragement. 
The first is, we expect to stand by you 
let what will come. The expense of 
the mission is to be vastly greater of 
course than we supposed, and yet such 
is its increased importance in view of 
the rapidity with which the whole 
Pacific Coast is to be peopled, that if 
you were here to-day, we should de- 
sire you to take the first steamer, not- 
withstanding all the embarrassments 
to immediate usefulness which the 
gold fever has occasioned. 



"So that it may be set down as es- 
tablished that your mission is not to 
be regarded as visionary or premature, 
but invested with more interest and 
moment than could have been anti- 
cipated when you left. Be assured 
we shall sympathize with you in all 
things and are ready to do all in our 
power to strengthen your hand and 
encourage your heart." 

Early Mixing Conditions. — In 
early days mining had its severe ex- 
posures. A miner whom I knew de- 
scribes his experience in this way. 

"I reached the South Fork of the 
American River just below Morman 
Island on the fifth of August, 1849, 
and mined there until the approach of 
winter. I was twenty-eight years of 
age, full of vigor and health. 

"With a small party, we turned the 
river, putting in a dam, and cutting a 
race for the water through a bar. 
The river on its banks was full of fine 
gold. I knew no moderation of effort, 
and often worked to my neck in the 
cold water, the temperature in the 
open air being all the way to a hun- 
dred degrees and more, digging down 
into the concreted gravel at the bed 
rock, and bringing it up with a long 
handled shovel, thence into a pan held 
by a comrade, who washed it in a 

"I would not let him spell me be- 
cause he was not strong, and I be- 
lieved it would kill him, while I had 
full confidence in myself. When en- 
tirely chilled, I would come out, take 
a draft of hot drops (he was a 
Thompsonian) and soon go in again. 
I often floated the straw hat off my 
head, as I bent a little to guide the 
shovelful of rich gravel from the bot- 
tom upward." 

The result of all this was a nearly 
fatal illness at San Francisco in the 
winter of '49 and '50. 


A Remedy for Civic Apathy 

Educated men as a class do not at- 
tend primaries and municipal elec- 
tions. In consequence, municipal af- 
fairs, as a rule, are managed by monar- 
chical bosses who command the sup- 
port of illiterate men, or by men in- 
competent for the important business 
of the public. Selfishness and party 
politics are not the root of the evil. 
All government in contact with which 
educated people come during the 
period when character and habits are 
formed is monarchy. This is the 
chief root. It generally fails to get 
true obedience. Underneath is a cur- 
rent of contempt of personal respon- 
sibility for government and of estab- 
lished authority, and the habit of 
neglect of one's personal rights and 
duties is established. We teach read- 
ing, writing, arithmetic and spelling 
by having one read, write, figure and 
spell. The rights, duties, and moral- 
ity of citizenship we do not attempt 
to teach to any except the few who go 
through high schools and colleges, and 
to them we give no practice in citizen- 
ship, only a memory exercise from 
books on civil government. The only 
remedy is to teach citizenship as prac- 
tically as reading, writing, arithmetic 
or carpentry. Convert all school 
children into citizens instead of sub- 
jects by the already successful "school 
city" method. The details of this 
method are simple. The school is or- 
ganized as if it were a city, each room 
a ward. All the children elect a city 
council, mayor and judiciary. Police, 
and such other departments as may 
be wanted are formed. The children 
make and execute the laws; the 
teachers guide and protect them from 
developing improper methods. The 
moral results are wonderfully fine and 
civic knowledge is imparted with 
amazing rapidity. Respect for teach- 
ers and authoritv is greatly increased. 





A Glorious Symphony 

The Psalmist declares that all the 
works of the Lord praise Him. The 
devout in all ages have called upon 
these works to magnify the Lord. 
Man's works, then, when in harmony 
with those of the Lord, must praise 
Him and conspire with divine activ- 
ities to swell the universal chorus. 
The great discord in the world is sin. 
Every sinner saved changes just so 
much of discord into harmony. The 
expression of a long life consecrated 
to' good works would be a beautiful 
musical composition. The records of 
the Lamb's. Book of Life may con- 
sist of strophes and antistrophes. The 
chorus of the skies may sing in mag- 
nificent oratorios this story of Chris- 
tian toil on earth. Angels would joy 
to listen and to join, and redeemed 
spirits would find rare delight in such 
emplo) . God would be glorified in it. 
He has been the Inspirer and Helper 
in it all. It celebrate^ "the victory 
of the Lamb." I have often wished 
I had the genius to write for numer- 
ous instruments a composition in il- 
lustration of THE RETREAT OF 
INFIDELITY. What wails of the 
hosts of evil ! What shouts of tri- 
umphant teachers ! What windings 
and involutions of sweet melodies, 
capturing and enlisting in new service 
wails of sorrow and cries of distress ! 
What steady increase of volume and 

power as the weak hostility yields to 
the conquering army of Christ ! 

Perhaps a better work would be to 
compose for human and angelic ear — 
God has already heard it — a fit expres- 
sion of the Home Missionary Society, 
It would be a glorious symphony. 

Beginning low and faint with only 
a few instruments to sound it forth, 
it would swell as the work has ex- 
panded and the workers increased in 
number, and converts multiplied and 
churches arisen, till resounding waves 
of harmony would ravish listening 
souls. The score is written in the vol- 
umes that record the deeds of the So- 
ciety, growing larger year by year, the 
music more complex, the harmony 
more profound, till hills and valleys, 
earth and air and sea echo with the 
praise. It has been a work of con- 
quest for Christ. Individuals, towns, 
cities have capitulated. Some of the 
best Christian workers in the world 
have given their lives to this service. 
Office work, field work, church work, 
home work have blended among all 
classes, in all conditions, the one sole 
object ever being the glory of Christ 
in the salvation of men. I listen and 
hear it, the richest music in the land. 
Happy they who have a share in its 
production ! Heaven listens with holy 


;s. t/ 

/^)UR readers will find in Dr. S. H. Willey 's article 
the testimony of an eye-witness {one of the few 
survivors of that class) as to early conditions in the 
Golden State. The reminiscences of this veteran mis- 
sionary will be continued in the June Number. 



The Seventy-seventh Year 

THE fiscal year has closed, and 
for the first time in a decade 
has closed with all obligations 
met and a balance of a few 
thousand dollars in the treasury. This 
should be a cause of gratitude and a 
spur to increased endeavor. The ap- 
portionments of the new year have 
been conservatively made, with slight 
advances as seemed most imperative, 
but with painful denials also at many 
points where new work is urgently 
demanded. An additional $100,000 
would not cover the appeal of new 
work. May we not hope that another 
year, through the united efforts of 
our friends, will supply the Home 
Missionary treasury with at least one- 
half the sum needed for advanced 

Denominational Competition 

We borrow this title from the 
friendly letter of a contributor, 
which will be found in the "Open 
Parliament" of this number, and we 
are glad to comply with his reason- 
able request. 

So long as the Church of Christ di- 
vides into denominations, each based 
upon honest differences of opinion 
touching doctrine or polity, just so 
long will there be emulation be- 
tween them. On home missionary 
ground, where new churches are in 
constant demand that emulation will 
be especially active. The missionary 
funds of all our home boards while 
designed primarily for evangelization 
are conditionally for church planting 
of a given kind, agreeable to the 
creed or polity of the churches that 
furnish the money. Any other use 
of these funds would be essential dis- 
honesty. These statements we take 

to be self-evident truths. Such em- 
ulation is the law of healthful prog- 
ress in home missionary enterprise. 
It is not the law, which is universally 
recognized, but the abuses of it that 
have chilled the ardor of the friend, 
whose doubts have led to our corre- 
spondent's inquiry. 

Some ten years ago, when this 
question was prominently before the 
public, a conference of all our Evan- 
gelical boards was called for the 
purpose of devising some practical 
method of abating these abuses so far 
as they were found to exist. Unfor- 
tunately the response was not general, 
only the Presbyterian, Congregational 
and Reformed Church Boards being 
represented. These three, however, 
made their compact for the settlement 
of every question between them as to 
the right of occupancy on home mis- 
sionary ground. It was found that 
the written law of each of these 
Boards was explicitly against the in- 
vasion of one another's territory and 
the over-crowding of home missionary 

The declared principle of the Pres- 
byterian Board is "to avoid interfer- 
ing improperly with existing organ- 
izations or multiplying churches from 
mere sectarian considerations." The 
rule of the Reformed Church is, "Not 
to gather a congregation in any com- 
munity when the field is fully occupied 
by other evangelical churches." The 
written rule of the Congregational 
Board is, "Never to plant a Congre- 
gational Church or mission on ground 
which in the proper sense of the word 
is cared for by other evangelical de- 

It was found also that these written 
laws are no dead letter, but that they 
put an actual check upon all field 
agents employed by these Societies. 



It was furthermore discovered that 
all abuses of the law are its obvious 
exceptions, due sometimes to the over 
zeal of the people, sometimes to in- 
flated hopes, often to mistaken judg- 
ment as to prospective growth and 
population. In rapidly growing re- 
gions such errors are natural, often 
inevitable, and when once committed, 
especially where church property has 
been acquired, they are extremely 
difficult of adjustment. For the ad- 
judication of all such cases a compact 
was formed, the main features of 
which are here condensed. 

First, refer all exceptional cases- to 
a Committee of Conference on the 
field, consisting of the chairmen of 
the local home missionary commit- 
tees, together with the synodical mis- 
sionary and the home missionary, 

Second, in case of disagreement on 
the field, the question in dispute to be 
referred to the secretaries of the 
home missionary boards in New 

For ten years this has been the 
working compact, and it has worked. 
Repeated conferences have been held, 
all marked by delightful harmony, 
and without difficulty, almost without 
exception, a satisfactory judgment 
has been reached. Alaska furnishes 
two typical examples. -A Congrega- 
tional Church was about to be formed 
at Juneau, with the supposed ac- 
quiescence of the Presbyterian Church 
on the ground, and in a population 
that seemed to justify the experiment. 
Pending final action, a protest was re- 
ceived from the Presbyterian Board, 
and the plan was abandoned. A lit- 
tle later a Presbyterian missionary 
opened work at Nome where a flour- 
ishing Congregational Church had 
been already established. The field 
was deemed by us too small and un- 
certain for two churches and the 
Presbyterians cheerfully withdrew. 
The same spirit of accommodation has 
been illustrated in several Western 
States, and it is safe to affirm that no 
one of the Boards co-operating under 

this compact would continue to make 
missionary grants to a church against 
the serious protest of their sister so- 
ciety. We doubt also if often, or per- 
haps ever, the Boards of other 
churches deliberately invade their 
neighbor's territory with the purpose 
of weakening their work. Such in- 
vasion is usually the result of thought- 
less zeal or imperfect knowledge. A 
mutual compact like the one described, 
if made between our six leading mis- 
sionary societies, would greatly reduce 
the evil of these hurtful encroach- 

Our correspondent is right in sup- 
posing that propagandism, in the 
odious sense, is still foreign to the 
Congregational spirit. Not long ago 
the Executive Committee ordered an 
inquiry to be made into its entire 
work with reference to this question. 
Months of labor and an enormous 
correspondence were involved, and 
the report made by Dr. Meredith, 
Chairman of the Sub-Committee, dis- 
closed the fact that seventy-five per 
cent, of the Society's Churches and 
missionary stations were alone on the 
fields they occupied. Of the remain- 
ing twenty-five per cent, a large frac- 
tion were on fields which justified by 
their promise and population a double 
and even treble occupation, and were 
maintained without the slightest fric- 
tion with other churches. Another 
large remainder were foreign speak- 
ing churches, and so practically alone ; 
and when all were accounted for, just 
eleven churches were found where 
there existed a possible doubt as to 
their right of occupation. These 
eleven were quickly reduced by con- 
ference to zero. Such a record shows 
that Congregationalists are not what 
may be called a pushing sect. The 
friends and supporters of the Home 
Missionary Society w 7 ould never en- 
dorse a Congregational propaganda. 
Against nothing is its Executive Com- 
mittee more watchful than the sec- 
tarian spirit, and our friend may as- 
sure his friend that not a dollar of 
its funds is consciously wasted in 



planting churches for merely denom- 
inational aggrandizement. 

An Era in Immigration 

Several calls have lately reached 
these rooms for information respect- 
ing increased immigration. It is a 
sign, let us hope, of increasing inter- 
est in the great problem of foreign 
missions at home. 

For several months the record of 
immigration at this port has shown 
an advance upon that of the corre- 
sponding months of previous years. 
Various reasons are assigned, some 
local and others general, but there is 
substantial agreement that American 
prosperity is at this time the pre- 
dominant attraction. Friday, April 
ioth, was a record breaking day, when 
10,236 immigrants were landed in 
New York. But in the judgment of 
authorities, this record will be sur- 
passed more than once in. the next 
thirty days, since the Spring rush 
never culminates before the middle of 
May. In the first eleven days of 
April, the arrivals were 41,200, which 
is almost the usual average for a 

It has been noted with some alarm 
that great changes in the character of 
the people have appeared during the 
last ten years. German immigration 
has fallen from 18 per cent, to 4, and 
the Irish from 8 per cent, to 3 ; Den- 
mark, Norway and Sweden have 
dropped from 12 per cent, to 6, and 
Great Britain, exclusive of Ireland, 
from 9 per cent, to 7. On the other 
hand, Italian immigration in the same 
period has risen from 12 per cent, to 
33, and Austrian and Hungarian, 
from 14 per cent, to 27. Russia, 
Austria and Roumania are sending 
large numbers of Hebrews, about 
6,000 every month, 90 per cent, of 
whom remain in New York. 

The effect of this large infusion of 
alien blood, and that not the best, is 
a serious problem. One is tempted 
almost to despair of any good ; vet 
even worse than despair is a blind 

and fatuous optimism which believes 
that somehow it will all come out 
right. There is but one hope of min- 
imizing the evils of foreign immigra- 
tion, and that is by multiplying the 
efficiency of every agent now em- 
ployed for enlightening and evangeliz- 
ing our foreign citizens. Churches 
should stand by their missionary So- 
cieties in these days and strengthen 
their hands to double the output of 
their foreign departments. The Gos- 
pel is a mighty solvent, and its power 
to convert foreigners of every type 
into Christian citizens has long since 
passed the stage of experiment. It 
stands demonstrated in thousands of 
foreign speaking churches and tens 
of thousands of converted foreigners. 

Are We Satisfied? 

The new Home Missionary is not 
beyond the stage of experiment. In- 
numerable difficulties have delayed 
the first issue and the result, while a 
distinct improvement on the past, is 
not yet equal to the intent and hope 
of the Committee. We are satisfied 
only with the generous welcome it 
has met and with the words of en- 
couragement received from many 
sources. We cannot too earnestly re- 
peat that more than ever before the 
success of the magazine must depend 
upon the voluntary contributions of 
pastors and laymen, of the women, of 
superintendents, secretaries and work- 
ers at the front. We hope to make 
every number a symposium of home 
missionary thought and interest which 
shall be quickening to all readers. 
Welcome to every friend of home mis- 
sions who has a thought to offer, a 
motive to urge, a method to suggest, 
or a success to record ! In exchange 
for such help, we hope to report 
grander and grander progress in the 
work. For many years the churches 
have been inspired by the current 
news from the field. Is it not time 
now for our faithful home mission- 
aries to feel the close and helpful 
touch of their friends and supporters? 



A New Departure 

Upon the third page of the April 
and May cover will be found a new 
name associated with a new office — 
the name of Dr. R. A. Beard, "East- 
ern Representative." The name is 
not unfamiliar. In the early days of 
Washington Territory, when immi- 
gration was pouring into the north- 
west by every train, Dr. Beard was 
appointed to represent the Society on 
the Pacific Coast, and accomplished a 
great work in laying there the founda- 
tions of Congregationalism. His new 
work now lies in the extreme north- 
east ; but West or East, his whole soul 
is engaged in home missionary exten- 
sion. Giving up an attached people 
at Cambridge and the quiet life of the 
pastorate he accepts the call of the 
Society to serve its interests on the 
Atlantic with ' the same zeal that 
marked his labors on the Pacific Coast. 
Our noble auxiliary in Massachusetts 
welcomes him to its rooms, where for 
the present his office will be located, 
and we believe the brethren through- 
out New England will also welcome 
him as a fellow-worker with them in 
State and National home missions. 
The appointment is ideal, and we have 
confidence that large blessings are to 
be the result. 

"Religious Life in America" 

Such a title could hardly fail to in- 
terest the friends of home missions. 
It is the title of a handsome volume 
issued by The Outlook Company and 
containing the observations of Ernest 
Hamlin Abbott, who at the request 
of The Outlook, made a three months' 
tour West and South, to observe the 
religious life of the people. Another 
explorer might have taken a different 
route, interviewed another class of 
witnesses and returned with a differ- 
ent set of impressions ; but he could 
not have told a more charming story 
of his travels. The reader feels him- 
self falling into the hands of an 
open-minded leader on an honest 

search after truth; one who has dis- 
charged from his mind, so far as it 
is humanly possible, all preconceived 
opinions of the matter to be investi- 
gated ; modest almost to diffidence in 
reaching conclusions, and notably free 
from dogmatism in expressing them. 
These are the ever present charms of 
the narrative. Mr. Abbott's travels 
led him among the working men of 
the East, the whites and blacks of the 
South, through the Middle Belt, in- 
cluding the old Northwest Territory, 
Iowa, Kansas and the edge of the 
Southwest, and into at least one 
State of the further West, namely, 
Colorado. The effect of foreign im- 
migration on the national life was not 
overlooked. We can make no attempt 
to follow the writer or to analyze his 
findings, but must be content to offer 
this bare menu of what our readers 
will find an attractive and appetizing 

"Patriotism or Compassion?" 

Under the title as quoted above 
Dr. Berle, of Chicago, calls timely at- 
tention in the April number to the 
supreme motive of home missionary 
effort. It is to save the man. Com- 
passion and love, he reminds us, and 
the ministries they employ are the 
rescuing power. The Master wept 
over sinners and they repented. He 
was lifted up from the earth and by 
that divine sacrifice they were drawn 
unto Himself. Compassion and love- 
are the only powers yet revealed or 
discovered for saving a man. 

But the same Master taught men to 
pray "thy Kingdom come" and multi- 
plied parables to teach what that 
Kingdom is like. It is like leaven 
hidden in the meal, like seed judi- 
ciously sown, like a net cast into the 
sea. The unit of the kingdom is the 
converted man or woman, whether in 
the character of the wise sower or 
the provident housekeeper, or the 
skillful net thrower. The kingdom 



itself is an aggregation of converted 
men, co-laboring with intelligence and 
skill for new heavens and a new earth 
wherein dwelleth righteousness. We 
cannot therefore remit for a moment 
the work of saving the man, for upon 
the converted man depends the king- 
dom of heaven on earth. 

But kingdom building touches at a 
thousand points the mixed affairs of 
a great nation. Next to saving the 
man, the supreme effort is to make 
his changed life a savor to society, to 
bring this new man with his new 
heart into healing contact with the 
self-seeking of his times, with laws 
and customs that obstruct the prog- 
ress of the kingdom, with sins and 
vices, with wrongs and abuses that 
threaten its very foundations, into 
contact also, with the sordid r.nd the 
material which so fatally obscure the 
claims of the spiritual — in a word, to 
leaven the social and national life 
with divine impulses, that shall silent- 
ly and surely make for righteousness. 
Patriotism itself may be a purely self- 
ish instinct ; but patriotism raised to 
its highest power may become a holy 
principle leading men to love their 
country, not for its own sake, but for 

Christ's and the kingdom's sake. Here 
is the double function of home mis- 
sions, to save the man and through the 
man to redeem society until every con- 
verted man shall live and strive, shall 
pray and vote for that which exalts a 
nation in the sight of God. 

The old alchemists toiled for a 
solvent that should by its touch 
change every baser metal into gold, 
and they died seeking. Centuries be- 
fore the Master had found that magic 
stone at the well in Samaria when He 
converted one woman and left it on 
record that many of the people of that 
city believed on Him for the saving 
of the woman. One critical problem 
of the Church to-day is to so bring 
the converted man into touch with the 
social, political, industrial and moral 
life of the nation as to transmute so- 
ciety, politics, industry and morality 
into agents and ministers of the king- 
dom of God on earth, and it is this 
side of home missions which, in the 
judgment of many thoughtful Chris- 
tians, demands to be exalted and may 
be wisely exalted without imperil- 
ing in the least the higher motive of 
compassion and love for the souls of 



IN response to the cordial invita- 
tion of the Beneficent Church 
the Home Missionary Society 
will hold its seventy-seventh an- 
nual meeting in the historic city of 
Providence. Nowhere along the 
Atlantic Coast is to be found a city 
more picturesque in itself or more 
beautiful for situation. It stands at 
the head of Narragansett Bay, which 
is unsurpassed for variety and beauty 
by any other body of water on the 
coast. In the summer time this bay 
is alive with excursion steamer and 
pleasure craft, while its shores abound 
in elegant homes and tasteful cottages. 
Beneficent Church has a history 
reaching back to 1743. A hundred 
years earlier Roger Williams, ban- 
ished from the Massachusetts Bay 
came to the Rhode Island shore. 
"Be it remembered," says Dr. James 
G. Vose in his historical sketch of 
Congregationalism in Rhode Island, 
"that it was not religious persecu- 
tion that drove Roger Williams from 
the Bay. He was sent away as a dis- 
turber of the civil peace and because 
the authorities feared that his actions 
might interfere with their charter. It 
was not because he was a Baptist that 
they objected to him, for there is no 
evidence that he became a Baptist for 
several years after coming to Provi- 
dence. He and his companions were 

deeply religious people with whom in- 
deed the thought of God and con- 
science were uppermost. But on the 
whole there was no great difference 
between their views of the Bible and 
of prayer and of the way of salva- 
tion from those they left behind." 

The same writer remarks : "The 
entrance of Congregationalism into 
Providence was attended with no 
small difficulties and yet the result was 

Rev. J. H. LYON 

Secretary of the Rhode Island Home Missionary Society 



a great and lasting benefit to the city. 
It led the way to a more regular min- 
istry than had hitherto existed. The 
Episcopal church founded about the 
same time went through a long strug- 
gle before it maintained any regular 
organization. The first Baptist church 
left its ministers to find their living 
in other occupations. It is a remark- 
able fact that while for the first cen- 
tury there was 
hardly anything 
expended here 
for the ordinan- 
ces of religion 
except the time 
and labor which 
many willingly 
gave, in the sec- 

n d century, 
a n d especially 
after the strug- 
gles and dis- 
tresses of the 
past, there was 
a wonderful ex- 
pansion and in- 
crease not only 
of religious life, 
but of regular 
a n d sustained 
worship. And 

1 feel confident 
that I am not 
wrong in as- 
cribing 'this 
largely to the 
incoming of 

The Benefi- 
cent Church is not the mother 
church of the State. East Prov- 
idence in 1643, Barrington in 
1664, Bristol in 1687, Kingston in 
1695 and Little Compton in 1704, all 
antedate the Providence church. But 
it is the mother church of the city, 
and around it are now gathered ten 
Congregational plants which have all 
received its nurture and care and sev- 
eral of which are among the stronger 
churches of the denomination. 

The illustrations accompanying this 

Treasurer of the Rhode Island Society, and for twenty years 
member of the Executive Committee of the National Society 

article present a few of the scenes of 
historical interest with which the 
city is crowded. Brown University, 
with its noble group of buildings 
crowns the hill on the east. It was 
founded under Baptist direction in 
1764. Among its distinguished presi- 
dents were Erancis Wayland, Barnas 
Sears, Alexis Caswell, E. G. Robinson 
and E. Benjamin Andrews, while of 
its graduates a 
geat host has 
gone forth to 
fill important 
places in the 
church and 
State. Roger 
Williams Park 
at the other ex- 
treme of the 
city is a spot 
abounding in 
natural beauty 
; to which art 
has added other 
attractions. The 
old home ofMa- 
dam Williams 
is here pre- 
served with 
sacred care, and 
is filled with 
objects of his- 
toric interest. 
The City Hall 
in the center of 
municipal life is 
a building 
worthy of a 
city ranking 
second among 
the cities of 
Xew England in population and 
wealth. The new State House is one 
of the prime attractions, splendidly 
located, and of imposing architecture, 
while near it stands the State Normal 
School in the center of its beautiful 
grounds, another conspicuous orna- 
ment to the city. 

The Beneficent Church, where the 
coming anniversary is to be held is of 
pleasing and peculiar architecture, re- 
minding one of a Greek temple more 
than of the ordinarv Puritan meeting 







Dr. James G. Vose, senior Congregational pastor in Providence, is pastor emeritus of the Beneficent Church, and Rev. 
A. E. Krom acting pastor. Dr. Wallace Nutting has been installed over the Union Church since 189;. This church has over 
one thousand members. Rev. F. B. Pullan began his pastorate with the Pilgrim Church in the same year, after a successful 
ministry in California. 




house. Its auditorium is particularly 
attractive and convenient rooms for 
smaller gatherings and committee pur- 
poses offer ideal facilities for such a 
meeting. Over this church Dr. James 
Gardner Vose has been pastor for 
thirty-seven years and still holds the 
office of pastor emeritus. Rev. A. E. 
Krom became his successor in the 
active pastorate in 1901. It was here, 
also, that Dr. Alexander Huntington 
Clapp, for so long a time the beloved 
secretary of the Home Missionary So- 
ciety, was pastor in the earlier years 
of his life. 

The coming meeting beginning 
June 2d, and continuing to the even- 
ing of June 4th, promises to be an 
occasion of more than usual interest. 
It will be the first gathering on the 
basis of the new order of membership 
adopted one year ago at Syracuse. 

It will also celebrate the one hundredth 
anniversary of the Rhode Island 
Home Missionary Society and one 
session will be entirely devoted to that 
event. Dr. Newell Dwight Hillis, of 
Plymouth Church, Brooklyn, will pre- 
side and will preach the annual ser- 
mon. Leading workers and eloquent 
friends will be among the speakers, 
and one new feature will be a session 
given to the Young People's Move- 
ment led by Associate Secretary Don 
O. Shelton and addressed by Dr. F. 
E. Clark, John Willis Baer and Harry 
Wade Hicks of the American Board. 

The Woman's meeting will be con- 
ducted by Mrs. Washington Choate, 
President of the Connecticut State 
Union. Interesting speakers from 
the East and from the West will be 
present and many inspiring addresses 
will be made. 

The Rhode Island Home Mission- 
ary Society, which is to celebrate its 
centennial on this occasion, was origi- 
nally known as the "Rhode Island 
Missionary Society." This was suc- 
ceeded in 1 82 1 by "The Domestick 
Missionary Society of Rhode Island," 
and in 1848 secured its present incor- 
poration under the name of the Rhode 
Island Home Missionary Society. But 
much earlier than 1803 "at a meeting 
of the Hampton Church of Christ, 
Xew Hampshire, March 1737, it was 




voted to have a contribution on some 
convenient time to promote ye preach- 
ing of ye Gospel in ye town of Provi- 
dence, South Kingston and Westerly, 
within ye Colony of Rhode Island," 
and on April 16, 1738, "there was 
collected upwards of twenty pounds 
money which was delivered to Dr. 
Colman and Dr. Sewell, of Boston, 
for this purpose." This act of practi- 
cal fellowship on the part of churches 
which were themselves struggling 
with poverty, illustrates the early 
Congregational spirit of New Eng- 
land. Rhode Island is now giving 
far more for the evangelization of 
the West than is required for the home 
missionary needs of the State. The 
One Hundredth Anniversary of the 
State Societv will be a feature of 


special interest in this great home 
missionarv gathering. 

Full particulars of travel and en- 
tertainment will be found in the 
weekly religious press as the time 
for the meeting: draws near. 


Is Connecticut 

**J „ q, 



North Woodbury? 

G0nn v° 


JS/J o- 


l7if- Home Missionary 
Magazine is the 
most fitting med- 
ium for making- 
reply to the re- 
cent criticisms of 
the rural parishes 
of Connecticut, because if such de- 
plorable conditions exist the only 
hope for the State is in the churches 
it establishes and maintains, and inthe 
gospel of Christ which it proclaims. 
The conditions of life as represented 
by Mr. Hutchins are one sided and 
general (where they should have been 
referred to as exceptional ) and pessi- 
mistic. It is to be hoped that his ex- 
aggerated exhibit of conditions that 
may exist in a very few out-of-the-way 
places, may serve to awaken a deeper 
interest in home mission work, im- 
peratively needed in all our States and 
Territories. It is to be regretted that 
Mr. Hutchins could not have lived 
and made another visit to our country 
churches. He must have seen two 
sides of the life of these parishes. It 
is unfortunate that he made report of 
but one. 

Having been a pastor of one of 
these country parishes for thirty-two 
years, and having exchanged many 
times with the pastors of the forty 
Congregational Churches in Litchfield 
County, and having a large number of 
personal friends in all these parishes, 
— also being a director for a number 
of years of the Connecticut Home Mis- 
sionary Society — I can say that in re- 
spect to the churches and the social 

life of these communities, the state- 
ments made concerning them are 
grossly exaggerated. I am glad that 
I can bear testimony to so many things 
that are lovely and of good report in 
these self-sacrificing country parishes. 
Mr. Hutchins' paper, widely published, 
and commented upon by the secular 
and religious press, has given to our 
State an exceptional and undeserved 
notoriety. Reading these reports, a 
stranger might infer that Connecticut 
was a veritable Sodom. It is possible 
to go through sections of any State 
and find degenerate people, but it 
would not be just to say that these 
were the "prevailing types" of life 
there. Connecticut needs no eulogy. 
In present-day thrift, intelligence, in- 
tegrity, purity of individual and home 
life, and Christian character, her in- 
habitants are the peers of any people 
in the world. Like the grindstone she 
has been somewhat worn away, that 
the large part of our country might 
have a brighter, sharper life, but what 
is left of her possesses the same grit, 
and I am sure her polished sons, in 
the future, "shall stand before kings" 
and 'not before mean men." After a 
most careful investigation of statistics 
I find that the proportion of imbeciles, 
paupers, and criminals in Connecticut 
is much less than in most of the other 
States. In matters of education she 
stands in the front rank. Her' propor- 
tionate benevolences have been and are 
greatlv in excess of most other States. 
The inventive genius of her inhabi- 
tants (phenomenal as the Patent Office 



reports show) and manifold industries 
do not indicate a race of "degenerate" 
people. • The large number of her sons 
and daughters devoting themselves to 
philanthropic and Christian work in 
all parts of our land, and in so many 
mission stations abroad, does not show 
"decadence" in good works. 

In contrasting the old and new life 
of Connecticut we observe certain 
very marked changes. 

Formerly the inhabitants were 
homogeneous. To-day we have a 
large foreign element. We welcome 
all worthy strangers, we live with 
them in brotherly affection, and not 
infrequently we invite and elect them 
to share in the management of our 
civic affairs. 
The base sort 
we are trying 
to evangelize, as 
the work of the 
Temperance, Bi- 
ble, and Home 
Missionary So- 
cieties attests. 
All this Chris- 
tian work, and 
affiliated work 
in many other 
directions, i s 
being done by 
a people, who 
are said to be 
controlled only 
by "sordid ma- 
terialism or animalism." 

Our grandsires were not called up- 
on to meet such serious problems, and 
could not have met them with the 
same generosity, tact and wisdom. 
They hanged the witches — we are try- 
ing to exorcise the devil by the Spirit 
of Christ. They believed the land be- 
longed to themselves, and notified the 
Episcopalians, Baptists, Methodists, 
and all other foreigners to stand off. 
Their children co-operate with, and 
rejoice in these fellow-workers in 
building up Christ's kingdom. 

A generation or two ago the church 
was the center of instruction and life 
for the entire community. In the early 
historv of Connecticut, attendance up- 

THE oldest house 

on religious worship was compulsory. 
People waited to know what to think 
until they heard from the pulpit. The 
minister was a pope. To-day the 
church is not the only means of re- 
ligious instruction. Religious truth 
is more widely diffused to-day than 
ever before. It penetrates the most 
isolated districts, whether men heed it 
or not. Our hilltop and country 
churches have libraries. These are 
also found in many of the schools and 
towns. In our modern New England 
homes are found magazines, daily and 
weekly papers, and that house is an 
exception into which information con- 
cerning the secular and religious move- 
ments of the day does not find its way. 
Our grand- 
sires, some of 
them were 
worthy men, 
and did their 
work in their 
day. I have 
often thought 
they were a lit- 
tle over-praised. 
It is a mistake 
to judge the 
twentieth cen- 
tury in the light 
of the eighteenth 
or nineteenth, 
or in the light 
of the Puritans. 
A contemplative 
piety seemed to meet all their 
needs. The world to-day needs 
an aggressive and practical piety. 
Our garndsires knew nothing of 
foreign and home missions as we 
know them. 

It is also true that the type of piety 
has changed, and for the better. 
Bigotry has given place to charity, 
and Christian experience has been 
wondrously enriched. In those good 
old times so often referred to, a meet- 
ing house could not be raised without 
New England rum. At a Council of 
Installation in Litchfield County only 
about eighty years ago, the ministerial 
brethren became so inspired by New 
England rum that they were unable 



to proceed with the afternoon services. 
Dr. Lyman Beecher was then pastor 
of the church in Litchfield, and that 
painful and shameful scene led him to 
prepare his six famous sermons on 
Temperance. Orange toddy was ex- 
pected to be furnished to ministers as 
an act of hospitality, and on training 
days, in that beverage, the chaplain 
drank the health of the regiment. The 
people of course liked the "spirit" of 
the minister, and something harder 
than cider was sold in all our country 
stores, and generally used by the peo- 
ple. No crop could be gathered with- 
out it. I have in my possession the 
records of the churches in one county 
in 1 this State, covering a period of more 
than one hundred and fifty vears. It 

would be possible to write an epitome 
of the old time church life that even the 
yellow journals would hesitate to print. 
Yes, the times have changed in 
Connecticut, and, thank God, for the 
better! We have a plentiful supply 
of sinners and sinning still. There is 
imperative need for all the work that 
the Home Missionary Society and all 
other Christian agencies can do, but 
some of us feel that we deserve a bet- 
ter characterization than that, as a 
people, we are living together in "im- 
moral relations ;" that "it is a Xew 
England vice;" that "moral degener- 
acy abounds ;" that "there is no public 
opinion that is powerful enough to 
condemn and prevent outrages against 
law, virtue and decorum." 



Y. M. C. A 



A I A HAT is a truly noble soul whose prayers 
and acts harmonize . The mark of sincerity is 
borne by the believer who says, " Thy Kingdom 
come" and who does with might some timely work 
that will hasten the Kingdom . The world suffers 
for more Christian young men and women whose 
faith is vital, whose prayers and ideals are 
translated into deeds. Thy Kingdom come! It 
is a prayer that involves constant action in 
behalf of the Kingdom. 






GREAT hours are in store for 
young people at the coming 
annual meeting of the Home 
Missionary Society, to be 
held at Providence, June 26. to 5th. 
Two whole sessions will be devoted to 
their interests. We expect a large 
attendance, a strong programme, 
marked interest and practical results. 
Some of the speakers can now be 
named. These are Dr. Francis E. 
Clark, founder of the Christian En- 
deavor movement ; Mr. John Willis 
Baer, Secretary of the Home Mission 
Board of the Presbyterian Church, 
and Mr. Harry Wade Hicks, of the 
American Board. The first young 
people's session will be from 4 to 5.30 
on Tuesday, June 2, and the second 
on the evening of that day. A nota- 
ble opportunity for Congregational 
young people ! 

Representatives of all the mission 
societies of the Congregational 
churches recently met to consider the 
advisability of holding young people's 
conferences next fall and winter in 
the interests of missions. It was 
agreed to act unitedly. Plans are be- 
ing formed for the holding of a large 
number of conferences at important 
centers. Methods of work will be 
discussed, and the aim will be to lead 
increased numbers of young people to 
take a broad, practical interest in all 
phases of mission work. 

At these conferences no appeal will 
be made for funds and none of the 
societies will, at any time, make an 
appeal for money on the basis o'f 
interest aroused by the conferences. 
Commenting on the decisions reached 



at this meeting "The Congregation- 
alist" said: " We are glad to chroni- 
cle every undertaking of a co-opera- 
tive character on the part of our six 
Congregational Missionary Societies. 
Unity of action and desirable, practi- 
cal results will be promoted by the de- 
cisions reached by an informal con- 
ference in New York City last week. 
Such a movement, efficiently gener- 
ated, as it will be, ought to introduce 
in many societies many cultural 
methods and put the prosecution of 
our missionary work on the high 
plane where it belongs." 


The value to the church of laymen 
has had a renewed illustration in the 
achievement of several young men in 
New York City, members of the Epis- 
copal Church. Authorized by proper 
church officials, it has been their plan 
to begin work in sections of the city 
where there. was visible need of an ad- 
ditional mission and church. The 
first step has been to rent a small 
building- in which to hold a Sunday- 
school and regular services for older 
people. By this means they have be- 
gun a valuable work, which has de- 
veloped into efficient church organi- 

It was the privilege of the writer 
to address one of these gatherings 
on a recent Sunday morning. The 
room was filled with a most attentive 
congregation, made up largely of 
young men and women. One of the 
workers announced that a building- 
site had been purchased and that $4,- 
000 had been received for the con- 
struction of the church edifice. A 
rector has recently been called to de- 
vote his whole time to the work. 

The young men who began this 
work, and those who have since be- 

come associated with them in it, have 
builded for the future in a magnificent 

Is not their method one which 
Christian business men, influential in 
Congregational churches, may wisely 
adopt? Should not intelligent Chris- 
tian young men and women, in co- 
operation with, and after securing the 
counsel and approval of their pastors, 
seek out needy places in great cities 
and country districts and establish 
Sunday-schools and mission services, 
with the aim of merging them eventu- 
ally into a church with an ordained 
pastor in charge? 

If such a work as this is begun with 
the approval of the pastor and church 
officers, in an intelligent manner and 
in a prayerful, determined spirit, with 
the object of leading to Christian de- 
cision large numbers of people in the 
immediate neighborhood, and of ulti- 
mately establishing a strong, self- 
supporting church, the results aresure 
to be abiding and far-reaching. Wise, 
conservative effort for the extension 
of the Kingdom of Christ on the part 
of lay workers in Congregational 
churches is an urgent need. 

M E E T I N G S 

Christian young people are in- 
debted to Miss Belle M. Brain, of 
Springfield, Ohio, for many wise, 
timely, and exceedingly profitable 
suggestions for the furtherance of the 
cause of missions. One of the last 
suggestive messages which she has 
sent forth, is entitled, "The Bible in 
the Missionary Meeting." It appears 
in "The Missionary Review of the 
World," for April. The danger of 
perfunctoriness in the reading of 
Scripture is clearly pointed out. 



Reference is made to the reading of a 
Scripture lesson in a missionary meet- 
ing, where, half an hour afterwards, 
a test was made and it was found that 
not a single person present was able 
to tell what had been read. Though 
the passage was a most striking one, 
it had failed to make an impression on 
the minds of those present. 

135th. These were chosen by him for 
his reading on the unforgettable 
morning in November, 1840, "when 
he bade farewell to father and mother, 
and the old Scotch home at Blantyre, 
and sailed away to his distant field." 
In his isolation and loneliness, James 
Gilmour found great comfort in 
Matthew 20 : 28. 

At another meeting, a mission 
worker read a Scripture lesson which 
had no evident bearing on the mis- 
sion cause. He read without comment 
and left his" hearers in utter ignorance 
of the lesson he wished to convey. 
Miss Brain also refers to the meeting 
of a children's mission band where the 
leader opened the service by reading 
a whole chapter from the Book of 

This excellent article contains sug- 
gestions for the proper use of the 
Bible in devotional services. Brev- 
ity ; brief, appropriate remarks ; the 
uniting of two texts of similar 
thought ; the selection of Scripture 
lessons appropriate to the topic an- 
nounced ; — these are a few of the h:nts 

The discussion of methods for in- 
teresting young people in mission en- 
terprise must never leave out of ac- 
count the value of the study of the 
greatest of mission books — the Bible. 
The study of the lives of the great 
missionary heroes of the church may 
wisely be accompanied by devout 
study of the living word of God, 
which was the source of their inspira- 
tion, and the means by which the 
Spirit of God made their lives Christ- 
like and efficient. The more frequent 
introduction into mission meetings of 
Bible themes that have a bearing on 
Home and Foreign missions, may well 
be encouraged. 


We heartily commend the sugges- 
tion that the Bible be studied as a mis- 
sionary book. There are missionary 
workers, who, as Miss Brain says, are 
ignorant of the scriptural foundations 
on which missionary operations rest. 
The vast importance, therefore, of 
systematic, intelligent Bible study at 
monthly missionary meetings, is evi- 

Miss Brain concludes her excel- 
lent article by giving the stories of 
several special texts of Scripture. 
Hannington's text, so called because 
of his frequent use of it in his ser- 
mons, was I. Samuel 30: 24. Liv- 
ingstone's Psalms were the 121st and 

The Christian's light is for shining. 
The officers of the United Society of 
Christian Endeavor and the editors 
of "The Christian Endeavor World," 
let their light shine widely. Their 
buoyant messages, filled with cheer 
and faith, are an inspiration to many 
thousands. We are happy to pass on 
this enheartening message, just re- 
ceived from the Rev. Francis E. 
Clark: "You will be glad to know 
that the Christian Endeavor move- 
ment is taking on new vigor all over 
the land. The increase campaign is 
adding a multitude of new societies 
and tens of thousands of new mem- 
bers to our ranks. May all of these 
young people do their part in saving 
America !" 



A GREAT theme , a great Scripture passage, and a 
1 *- great object will doubtless be sufficient to fill the 
young people 1 s meetings on Sunday, May 31, with 
practical, quickening messages. 'The topic will be: 
"Missions in the Island World 11 (Isaiah 42:10-1 J ; 
6o:8-Q) . To Congregational young people who are 
preparing to lead or to take part in this important meet- 
ing we present jour brief, pointed articles, written for 
these columns by the representatives in Cuba of the Con- 
gregational Home Missionary Society. The introductory 
note by Dr. Choate tersely summarizes the present work 
of the Society in Cuba. Illustrated leaflets on Cuba, 
for distribution at this meeting, may be had upon 
request. Will not all Congregational young people 
pray earnestly and believingly that all who seek to 
evangelize the people of this sunny land may be 
guided and empowered by the Spirit of God? 




come one of the watchwords 
of our Congregational Home 
Missionary work, as "Amer- 
for Christ" has been from 

the beginning. To give the people 
of that beautiful island spiritual liber- 
ty, as we helped them to political liber- 
ty, is our object. 

In February, 1899, the Central Con- 
gregational Church, of Havana, was 
organized ; ind for four years has 



been the center of a large missionary 
work in that city, there being Sunday- 
schools and week-night meetings at 
two other points in the city. 

'Twenty-five miles west of Havana 
in San Antonio is the second Congre- 
gational Church, which has an earnest 
Cuban Christian for its pastor. On 
the southern coast of the island, at 
Cienfuegos, is our third church, in a 
■city of 35,000 people. The fourth 
Church is at Guanabacoa, just east of 
Havana, the home of many business 
men of the capital, four miles away. 
In the province of Pinar del Rio, at the 
western end of Cuba, our fifth mis- 
sionary is at work, in the city of 
•Guana jay. Here he has gathered a 
Sunday-s c h o o 1 
and has preach- 
ing services;, but 
has not yet or- 
ganized a church. 

I n Matanzas, 
■on the north 
■coast, forty miles 
east from Ha- 
vana, is the sixth 
and latest of our 
missionary points 
of work. In all 
these places the 
services are in 
the Spanish lan- 
guage. Every 
province of the 

island and every city and town is open 
for the living Gospel, and from every 
side comes the cry for the knowledge 
■of Jesus, the Son of God. 


Progress at Guanajay 

We are living among indifferent, 
incredulous people. The newest thing 
in Cuba is an enthusiastic, cheerful 
and conservative Christian in life and 

The vital facts are — The Children! 
There are so many of them in Guana- 
jay. They are all very fond of flowers, 
music and vivid colors. Our hymns 
.are the mighty attraction. As yet, one 
feels that they listen to Bible reading 
;and sermon because thev know that 


following them there will be a hymn 
that they want so much to help sing. 
At times a new note conies into the 
music of these loud, shrill voices. Is 
it not the truth finding its way to their 
hearts ? 

Recently a young lad said that his 
teacher and his priest had told him of 
a rock in Jerusalem on which Jesus 
was crucified, which to this day oozes 
blood, and no one dares to go near 
it. And the poor fellow had believed 

I have been much helped by the use 
of objects in my addresses. Recently 
I borrowed, for purposes of illustra- 
tion, a large magnet which would lift 
over 200 pounds. The people listened 
most intently 
that day. For 
purposes of illus- 
tration I have 
also used a leaf, 
a flower, and a 
burning candle. 

We hold five 
services a week, 
including the les- 
sons in English. 
A little boy asked 
Mrs. Frazer, Is 
there culto dc In- 
gles (worship of 
English) or culto 
dc cautar (wor- 
ship of song) 
to-night? We are having joy in our 
work. One's pity and love goes out 
the more one understands. In all my 
work it has seemed that almost every- 
thing has depended upon my own con- 
duct. God always gets Himself a 
great name when we do not stand in 
His way. 

You will find sitting happily to- 
gether in our congregation Spaniards, 
Cubans and negroes. One hundred 
Sunday-school scholars are enrolled, 
with an average attendance of more 
than one-half. Our preaching ser- 
vices are commonly crowded out. No 
church organization yet. But in due 
season we shall reap if we faint not. 
Pray for us. Charles W. Fraser. 




A Growing Work at 

In this ancient city of Guanabacoa 
Romanism is well entrenched. Here 
are fifteen thousand inhabitants with 
Romish churches and several large 
and well equipped day schools of that 
order in operation. However, the 
Lord is with us and His cause is 
rapidly advancing. 

Since I began my work here, on 
March 31. 1901. the membership lias 
increased from twenty to sixty-eight. 
There are about seventy pupils en- 
rolled in the Sunday-school. Both 
church and Sabbath-school are in the 
most flourishing condition. A friend 
has opened a fine school for girls 
which is under my immediate pastoral 
oversight. This is eminently a Chris- 
tian school, having already yielded 
marvelous results. 

A free night school under the aus- 
pices of cur Church, is being suc- 
cessfully conducted by the pastor and 
a few friends. For various objects 
during the past two years there has 
been secured $350. 

Our greatest and most urgent need 
is a church edifice. This would give 
us a firm hold on the people and would 
secure for our cause both the influ- 
ence and hearty co-operation of many 
families in the city. I beg an interest 
in the earnest prayers of God's chil- 
dren. H . B. SOMEILLAN. 


The Church in the House 

In the Yersalles ward of pictur- 
esque Matanzas. which has a popula- 
tion of 38.000, is "El Redentor," the 
youngest of Cuban churches of the 
Congregational Home Missionary So- 
ciety. The only Protestant church in 
a ward. of 4,800 people, it supplies a 
felt need. 

The church began its work in April. 
1902, and has ever enjoyed tokens of 
divine favor. It is a new center of 
life and light, an uplifting force in a 

community where formalism and su- 
perstition have long held sway. 

The well attended services are pop- 
ular with the youths in whose hand 
lies the future of the Republic. Songs,, 
sermons and prayers have given new 
conceptions of Christianity. Oppo- 
sition has but deepened interest, and 
given wider publicity. 

When we met in the old Spanish 
mansion by the sea to commemorate 
the love of our Lord, as later we met 
in council for church recognition, in 
the presence of the great congrega- 
tion, we were conscious of Christ's 
presence in the midst of "The Church 
in the House." 

The success of the work has justi- 
fied its initiation. 

E. P. Herrick. 


Encouragement and Needs at 

For four years I have labored in 
this country of opportunities and have 
preferred toiling to writing. Still, 
the work is only made possible by the 
kindness and generosity of Christian 
people in North America and so I will 
say a few words about their work — 
the work God has helped us to do in 
His name. 

A little fact is worth a lot of theory. 
Let me give an example. One family 
that I visited had not entered the 
Roman Catholic Church for fifteen 
years and yet the time was when 
the father was preparing for the 
priesthood. The young people knew 
nothing of church life, but most of 
them have been faithful members 
from the first time I visited their 
home. One man came into my office 
to "join the church," as he termed it. 
He was a school teacher and for three 
years has been a faithful member of 
the church. To-day he is a mission- 
ary in a foreign country. I could 
mention scores of such cases. 

Some people say the people are 
not wishful for the Gospel. I can 
only say that our experiences differ. 



This week I visited a small town 
where there is no Evangelical church. 
I found the mayor of the city to be a 
fine, intelligent man. He is the presi- 
dent of the board of education. He 
told me that along with several other 
men of the town they decided some 
time ago to send quietly for a Protest- 
ant teacher. Knowing nothing of this 
I visited the place and wrote to the 
beloved Secretary of our work, Dr. 
Choate, in behalf of these people. 
Who shall say that God does not 
live and help His people to-day as in 
the days of the Apostles ? 

The young people of my church 
love to work for their Lord and Mas- 
ter. They spend their Sunday after- 
noons visiting the sick in the hospi- 
tal and the wretched in the prison. We 
have great difficulty to get reading 
matter for the four hundred and fifty 
in these places. A good work has 
been done and it has been blessed by 
God. A young lady lay dying and I 
was asked to speak to her as the dear 
children sang. She was in great 
darkness. She did not have a friend 
near here, and was very, very sad. 

She listened to the message and I be- 
lieve saw the truth as it is in Christ. 

The home for the unfortunates has 
been visited and twelve have left their 
evil ways and returned to home and 

The mayor of this city is a Protest- 
ant and a good man. During the ab- 
sence of the writer the Deacon, the 
Consul of the Argentine Republic, oc- 
cupied the pulpit and the church was 
crowded each Sunday evening. One 
hundred children are in the Sunday- 
school and take great interest in pre- 
paring their lessons. 

The largest building we can get 
in this city is filled every Sunday 
night. When will some generous, 
kind-hearted one, make a church pos- 
sible here? One of the grandest and 
kindest things that was ever done for 
Cuba was the commencement of 
Christian work here by the Congre- 
gational Home Missionary Society, 
and I pray that the way may be 
opened so that it may be extended 
and become a still greater power in 
the regeneration of the island. 

A. DeBarritt. 






T_XERE are fresh thoughts. They are forceful, 
suggestive. The books and magazines from 
which they are taken are worthy of a place in the 
library of every young man and woman. 

We celebrate a hundred years of mission- 
ary work done not incidentally but with set 
purpose ; a hundred years of earnest effort to 
spread abroad the gospel, to lay deep the 
moral foundation upon which true national 
greatness must rest. . . . Honor, thrice 
honor, to those who for three generations, 
during the period of this people's great ex- 
pansion, have seen that the force of the 
living truth expanded as the nation expanded. 
TLey bore the burden and heat of the day, 
they toiled obscurely and died unknown, that 
we might come into a glorious heritage. Let 
us prove the sincerity of our homage to their 
faith and their works by the way in which 
we manfully carry toward completion what 
under them was so well begun. — Theodore 
Roosevelt, in "Centennial of Presbyterian 
Home Missions," pp. 259-260. 

College Christianity to-day should stand, 
and in many cases, we rejoice to say, does 
stand, for two great ideals of Christian serv- 
ice. One is intelligence. We need to love 
and serve God with our mind, to relate Chris- 
tian truth to the generally accepted con- 
clusions reached in other regions of thought. 
In the single matter of Bible study, for in- 
stance, the church at large desperately needs 
more intelligent methods and better equipped 
teachers. The college student who gets the 
benefit of the admirable system of Bible study 
available through the Young Men's Chris- 
tian Associations will be in a position to 
step into the breach that exists in so many 
churches between the faith of the fathers and 
the claims of modern thought. — The Rev. H. 
A. Bridgman, in "The Intercollegian," for 

Home Missions does not mean home mis- 
sions for home alone. It means missions that 
begin at home and continue for all the 
world. We want America for Christ be- 
cause we want America to help win the 
world for Christ ; and as he has given to 
this country a position of vantage, so he has 
given to her the great duty of sending out 

his gospel unto the uttermost parts of the 
earth. — Dr. Henry Van Dyke, in "Centennial 
of Presbyterian Home Missions," p. 247. 

A Hartford pastor called with Dr. Bliss 
on one of his rich parishioners to see if he 
would have a share in the new Bible House 
at Constantinople. As they talked in the 
rich man's elegantly furnished parlor, the 
rich man said positively : "I can't give to 
this thing. I have too many calls in every 
direction. This cause doesn't appeal to 
me." Dr. Bliss looked up admiringly at the 
rich paintings on the wall, and said quietly, 
pointing to one of them. "That is a beauti- 
ful picture. I wish some of my people could 
see it. There was a poor woman in my field. 
She had been brought to Christ by the mis- 
sionaries, and she wanted to have the knowl- 
edge of Christ extended to others. Her home 
was a little hut or hovel with the bare 
ground for a floor. She had nO bed or furniture 
or furnishing of any sort. Her only cooking or 
table utensil was a. brass dish or basin in which 
she cooked, and from which she ate and drank 
She heard I was trying to get money to build 
a Bible House, and she longed to have a share 
in the undertaking. But that brass dish was 
her only worldly possession. So she scoured 
that up clean and bright, and brought it to 
me, asking if the price wouldn't help me, as 
it was all she had. I took it and thanked 
her. I sold the dish for a trifle, and the 
proceeds are part of my building fund. I 
think a blessing came with it. And that's 
the sort of helpers that I have in my field." 
The rich man listened and looked. The tears 
stood in his eyes as the story struck home. 
He fumbled in his pocket, took out his poek- 
etbook, and, taking a roll of bank notes he 
handed them to Mr. Bliss, saying, "There 
are a hundred dollars I want to give you. 
I wish it was more." That donation went 
into the building fund, but whether it is set 
down to the credit of the rich Christian in 
Hartford or to the credit of the poor Chris- 
tian in Constantinople, t'ue Lord knows. — ■ 
Dr. Clay Trumbull, in "Old Time Student Vol- 
unteers, p. 179. 




These cheering words come from a chair- 
man of a missionary committee of a New York 
State Young People's Society : "I rejoice in 
this new method of the Congregational Home 
Missionary Society for interesting young peo- 
ple in Home Missionary work. I feel sure, 
with God's blessing, it will meet with ap- 
proval and bear fruit in later years. I find 
that the great cause of indifference or lack 
of interest as manifested in a failure to 
give, pray or work for any missionary en- 
terprise, is ignorance." 

The Rev. W. Knighton Bloom, pastor 
of the First Congregational Church at San- 
doval, 111., and registrar of the Congregational 
Association of Southern Illinois, sends this word 
of encouragement : "The printed matter for- 
warded from headquarters has been carefully 
used in our Endeavor gatherings, and I trust 
may be followed by good results. Our young 
people are interested in missions and I con- 
fidently believe their interest will grow. We 
have a fine corps of Christian Endeavor work- 
ers, and our Junior Society, started last Sep- 
tember, is also doing excellent work. I am 
much interested in the special work you are 
striving to do among our young people, and 
pray large success may follow your efforts."' 

The Rev. D. W. Cram and wife were given 
a most cordial reception upon their recent re- 
tarn to their interesting and important work 
at the Endeavor Church, Valdez, Alaska. They 
found that, the winter at Valdez had been the 
most severe of any since the advent of the 
white man to that section in 1S98. The day 
they arrived nine feet of snow was on the 
ground. The home of Mr. and Mrs. Cram for 
the winter will be a cabin, twelve by fourteen 
feet in size. On March 20th only the peak 
of the roof could be seen above the snow. 

At Silver Bay, on Lake George, July 22-31, 
1903, will be held the second summer con- 
ference for leaders of missionary work in 
Sunday-schools and Young People's societies. 
At these Conferences vacation facilities are 
combined with training for more effective mis- 
sionary work in Young People's societies and 
Sunday-schools. Young People's secretaries 
and other official representatives of Mission 

Boards are expected to be present, and an 
invitation is also extended to leaders in local 
Sunday-school and Young People's organiza- 
tions. The forenoons will be devoted to de- 
votional Bible study, and to a consideration 
of methods of deepening missionary consecra- 
tion among young people. The afternoons 
are given entirely to recreation. Among the 
speakers who are expected to be present for 
part or all of the Conference are : Mr. Rob- 
ert E. Speer, Chancellor Wm. F. McDowell, 
D.D., Messrs. John Willis Baer, S. H. Had- 
ley, Harlan P, Beach, Luther D. Wishard. 
S. Earl Taylor, Harry Wade Hicks, Rev. R. 
P. Mackay, D. D., Rev. A. W. Halssy, D.D., 
President John F. Goucher, D.D., Rev. A. 
L. Phillipps, D.D., Prof. T. H. P. Sailer, Rev. 
A. DeW. Mason, Rev. Wm. M. Bell, D.D. 
Reduced railroad and steamer rates and other 
favorable conditions make it possible to offer 
the benefits of this Conference for a little 
more than half of the ordinary expense of 
such a trip. At the Congregational House, 
Boston, Mass., further information may be 
had. Address Mr. Harry Wade Hicks. 

It is with deep regret that we record the 
death of the Rev. Clarence E. Eberman, 
field secretary of the United Society of Chris- 
tian Endeavor, at Banff, Northwest Territory, 
on Sunday, April 12. Mr. Eberman, accom- 
panied by his wife, had been on a long 
tour through the Pacific Coast states and 
the Canadian provinces, and was taken ill 
while traveling and was compelled to leave 
the train at Banff. Since his appointment 
as field secretary of the United Society, two 
years ago, Mr. Eberman had spoken in the 
interests of the Christian Endeavor movement 
in every state in the Union and in all the prov- 
inces of Canada. Mr. Eberman was about 
forty years of age. He was educated in the 
Moravian parochial schools of Bethlehem, Pa., 
and earned his degree of D.D. in the Mora- 
vian Seminary. His last pastorate was at 
Lancaster, Pa. He had a strong personality 
and was forceful and magnetic as a speaker. 
His self-sacrificing spirit, his intense loyal- 
ty to the cause of Christ among young people 
and his indefatigable labors in behalf of the 
extension of the noble work of the Society 
of Christian Endeavor, had won for him a 
place of wide influence and marked usefulness. 
His loss will be sorely felt throughout the 
land and the sympathy of many thousands 
will go out to his wife in her great affliction. 

For Congregational Young People 

rHE young people of the Congregational churches are to have unsurpassed 
privileges at the annual meeting to he held at Providence, June 2 to 5. 
The two sessions to be devoted to the part young people may take in the saving 
of America are sure to be full of interest, suggestion and profit. Every Young People's 
Society, in the Eastern States at least, should be well represented. It is suggested that 
delegates be chosen from among the following: 

The Chairman of the Missionary Committee 

Members of the Missionary Committee 

The President of the Young People's Society 

Other young people of force of character, who would be likely to bring things to 
pass on their return home 

The programme of the conference is being planned with the real needs of Congre- 
gational young people in view. The best methods for creating and maintaining an 
interest in mission work among young people will be presented. The highest incentives 
for Christian living and for vigorous activity in building up the Church of Christ at 
home and abroad will be emphasized. 

Among those who will address the meeting {several of whom have been secured 
especially for the Young People's meetings) are: 

Rev. Newell D wight Hi I lis, D.D. 

Rev. Ne hernia h Boynton, D.D. 

Rev. Washington Choate, D.D. 

Rev. IV. W. Scudder 

Rev. H. B. Some 1 1 Ian 

Rev. E. S. Tead 

Rev. A. E. Krom 

Rev. Joel S. Ives 

Mrs. H. S. Caswell-Broad 

Miss Mary Zoltak 

Rev. Francis E. Clark, D.D. 
Air. John Willis Baer 
Mr. Don 0. She I ton 
Mr. Harry Wade Hicks 
Rev. J. D. Kingsbury, D.D. 
Rev. C. H. Richards, D.D. 
Rev. W. G. Puddefoot 
Rev. A. K. Wray, D.D. 
W. A. Duncan, Ph.D. 
Rev. B. W. Lockhart 

It will be a great occasion. It will be a rare opportunity. It will be an occasion 
and an opportunity which hundreds of young people will, ice believe, rejoice to avail 
themselves of. Be sure that your Society is represented by several alert, aggressive, and 
devoted Christian young men and women. 

One fare and one-third for the round 
trip (where fares are se-venty-fi-ve 
cents or more to Providence) has 
been secured on all railroads. The 
rates at hotels liave been reduced 

for the special benefit oj delegates. 

Young people desiring further 

information may address Mr. Don 

O. She It on, 28 J Fourth Avenue, 
Nenv York City. 


A New Church at Matanzas 

THE labors of Rev. E. P. Her- 
rick have had early fruit 
in the organization of a 
church. The story as told 
by the pastor will gladden the hearts 
of our readers. Every such addition 
to our Cuban household justifies the 
wisdom of the Society in entering this 
interesting field. 

In the closing days of the last quar- 
ter the first steps in the recognition of "The 
Church of the Redeemer" were taken, 
twelve persons agreeing in this and choos- 
ing a Committee on Constitution and By-' 
laws. A treasurer also and secretary, with 
assistant, were appointed provisionally. 
The work of training these and looking 
after applicants is a part of the regular 
pastoral work. On the first Sabbath in 
March we were cheered by the addition 
of six new members, — all of them most 
worthy people who give promise of great 
usefulness and efficiency. Great care has 
been shown in the selection of material 
for this, the fifth Congregational Home 
Missionary Society church in Cuba, to 
prevent the entrance of unconverted per- 
sons and to keep the true ideal of mem- 
bership in an evangelical church to the 
forefront. On March 12th the Council 
of Recognition was called and the new 
Congregational church was received into 
denominational fellowship. All of the 
brethren serving our churches on the Is- 
land were present save one. The occasion 
was a memorable one, a large audience be- 
ing present, together with the Protestant 
ministers of the city. The new church 
starts upon its career under most favorable 
auspices. A number of candidates will 
join at an early date. It is the only Prot- 
estant church in the ward of 4,800 peo- 
ple and is certainly needed in this north- 
east part of Matanzas. We are receiving 
pledges from the church of monthly of- 
ferings. They give out of their poverty. 
One widow who earns from fifteen to twen- 
ty cents daily by braiding hats, pledges 
twenty-five cents monthly, though she has 
four _ children to care for. Another, a 
Spanish woman over sixty years old and 
a Catholic, confessed Christ and attends 
regularly_ and gives ten cents at each Sun- 
day service, happy to belong to a church 
whose worship she can understand. 

A Grateful Church 

The jubilant tone of this church 
(St. Petersburg, Fla.), is certainly 
justified by its experience. Growth in 
numbers, increased ability, united 
service, and now the immediate pros- 
pect of self support, and the joy of 
helping others less favored, may well 
make a happy and hopeful church. 

During these two years I have seen the 
church grow from 35 members to 125 mem- 
bers and expand and strengthen in other 
ways. I have preached the gospel to con- 
gregations crowding the church, including 
aisles, vestibule and pulpit platform, com- 
posed of residents and tourists from all 
over the United States. Our prayer-meet- 
ings have been this winter attended by 
from 50 to 75 earnest Christians and led 
often by our laymen, able men all of them. 
We have held revival services which have 
helped the church. I have about fifty such 
services within one month, taking part in 
most of them, besides attending to my 
regular work. Thus our church organized 
as a union church fifteen years ago in a 
railroad car, soon after the city was 
founded, and then occupying its beautiful 
church edifice before any other church 
could build, struggling on for years as 
church after church was formed in the 
growing city, thus diminishing its num- 
bers and strength, has kept on by your 
help and now suddenly has gone from 
weakness to comparative strength and as- 
sumes self-support with, we hope, every 
debt paid and a church property worth 
$6,000 as a plant for future service for 
Christ. Not more than two or three Con- 
gregational churches in Florida have a 
larger membership or better facilities and 
prospects. We thank you for your help in 
the past, we commit ourselves to God for 
the future, and we hope to help others as 
you have helped us. 

Faithful Service Recognized 

Our veteran and devoted mission- 
ary, Mason Noble, of Lake Helen, 
Florida, has been called to pass 
through great trials among which, and 
not the least, was the trial by fire. 

On Monday, December 8, in the morn- 



ing, our house took fire and was entirely 
destroyed. We had time to save much the 
larger part of the contents and nobody was 
hurt. Our loss, though considerable, was 
not distressing. Here again the kindness 
manifested was unspeakably comforting. 
I have had occasion to say that we were 
offered the use of every spare bed in town. 
It was difficult at first to find a place into 
which we could go as a home, but the 
problem in which the whole community 
seemed deeply interested, has been solved, 
and we are to-day moving into one of the 
prettiest cottages in town. Two families 
had to move to make way for us, but it 
was all arranged without effort on my part. 
Our Christmas tree bore among its fruits 
an envelope addressed to me containing 
one hundred dollars and marked simply 
"From Your Neighbors." How it was 
ever raised among these poor folk is a 
mystery, but I am assured that no one 
was asked for a cent of it. 

We celebrated New Year's Eve by vot- 
ing into the church seven new members, 
two gray-haired men, both members of 
our common council, each accompanied by 
his only son, who had been fellow stu- 
dents with my own boys at college, and 
three ladies. All and each will be a val- 
uable accession to our church. 

An Idaho Experience 

Rev. John Kershaw after twelve 
years of labor in the East has been 
drawn to try a home missionary minis- 
try in Idaho. The story of his en- 
trance upon this new field will be 
read with interest. 

My first twelve weeks in sagebrush has 
added some variety, not to say contrast, to 
my last twelve years in the City of New 
York. I arrived at Payette Station four- 
teen miles from my field about six o'clock 
on a Saturday morning. It was dark ; 
the snow was falling; I was tired and 
cold and sleepy, having spent most of the 
night waiting for delayed trains at Boise 
and Nampa. I had been told at Boise 
that the stage for New Plymouth left at 
noon, so I would be able to get a few hours' 
sleep before starting. I inquired of the 
agent the exact hour. He replied, "The 
stage has just gone, left at six." "When 
does the next one go?" "Monday morn- 
ing, at six." But I was to preach at New 
Plymouth on Sunday. What should I do? 
"Is there no other stage or mail wagon? - ' 
"Well, the Rural Delivery goes, but it 
don't take no passengers." "Where can 
I find him?" "He leaves the Post-office 
at seven o'clock." I found the P. O. 
and a one horse wagon with a driver. 
"Do you go to New Plymouth?" "No, 

but my Pa does." "Where is your Pa?" 
"He is in the Post-office, but the post- 
master won't let you in." "Won't you ask 
your father to come out? Tell him I want 
to ride out to New Plymouth with him." 
The boy disappeared through the rear door, 
but in a minute was out again. "No, Pa 
won't take no one ; he has got too much 
Christmas mail and besides he promised 
to take a lady." "Won't take no one, prom- 
ised to take a lady," I repeated to myself. 
I did not quite understand so I decided 
to have the "Rural" explain. I stood there 
shivering in the snow and wondering what 
to do in case he should finally refuse. 

Presently I discovered that I was pac- 
ing up and down in front of a lunch room. 
Was ever Parke and Tilford's mixture of 
Mocha and Java so fragrant? Oh! for 
a cup and a roll if nothing else! But if 
I went in I might miss the "Rural." It 
was eight o'clock when he came out, an 
hour late. "Are you going to take a lady 
this morning?" "Yes, I promised her." 
"May I go with you to her house?" "Yes, 
but it won't do you no good, I can't take 
two." I rode with him to her home and 
knocked at the door. She opened, cloaked 
and hooded ready for the long ride on that 
wintry morning. How did I summon as- 
surance to state my case ; but I did, and 
in five minutes I was ready to take her 
promised place with her permission and 
blessing. A stranger on the sidewalk said, 
"If you are going to ride to New Plymouth, 
you ought to have your fur coat on." 
"Yes," I said, "but unfortunately I did 
not bring it with me." To tell the truth 
I had not yet bought it. "I have one up- 
stairs " I waited to hear what he would 

say next, not daring to ask for it, neither 
daring to refuse it. "I'll go up and get 
it," and up he went and in five minutes 
more I was comfortably clad in a long fur 
coat and struggling between protestations 
at his sacrifice and thanks for his great 

A half hour before I had felt desolate, 
alone, forsaken, a stranger in a strange 
land. Already I had met two angels and 
since then have been finding them at every 
turn in the road. Can I ever forget my 
first and only experience on the "Rural" ? 
Fourteen miles through the sagebrush on 
a winter's morning, with snow falling ex- 
cept when it rained for a change, in an 
open wagon, stopping at every house. No, 
I never can forget this, nor can I forget 
the warm reception at the end of my jour- 
ney, the hot dinner, and in due time the 
refreshing nap. all of which so helped me 
to feel at home, though 3,000 miles away 
from friends in the East. So much for 
my introduction to the sagebrush. We 
do not have stone sidewalks and elec- 
tric cars, and steam heat and department 
stores ; neither have we a single saloon, 
concert hall, gambling hell, nor race track. 



But we have a co-operative day school, and 
a co-operative church in which it is said 
ten denominations are represented, includ- 
ing Mennonite, Dunkard and Catholic; a 
co-operative Fruit Drier, and a co-oper- 
ative Ice-House, in which every man is 
credited with the time he gives in cutting, 
gathering or storing, and the rule is, "Ev- 
ery man according to his work." "He that 
will not work, neither shall he eat" ice 
cream nor drink ice water in the summer 

The Missionary at Hand 

The following story from No. Dak, 
might be multiplied by scores of such 
incidents to illustrate the crying need 
of the home 'missionary pastor in the 
scattered settlements of the West. 
What if this worker has been want- 
ing! Death, sorrow, despair, would 
still have been present, but no Gospel 
comfort and no' missionary to inter- 
pret the will of God. 

One incident makes me very glad that 
the people have kept a pastor on this field 
during the long cold winter. Returning 
from an absence at New Year's time, I 

drove out from J , the nearest town 

on the main line fourteen miles over bleak 
hills and desolate prairie, facing a north- 
wester all the way, but quite comfortable 
in the great fur coat (for which a good 
friend in Iowa sent me a check early in 
the season. Pity the missionary on these 
prairies who has not one). The thermom- 
eter dropped, the snow began to move 
and fearing a blizzard, I was hurrying for- 
ward when I overtook a man with a lit- 
tle pine box in his wagon. He asked 
if I were the minister and said they wanted 
a funeral service the next day for his lit- 
tle grandchild. I stopped at the home a 
little further on and found a family of 
fourteen, father, mother, nine children, 
(the youngest eight months old), a son- 
in-law and two grandchildren, all liv- 
ing in a shell of a house so cold that 
the little dead baby was kept in one corner 
of the small living room. They were a 
well educated family, devoted and loving 
in their home, just come from Nebraska 
in the fall, hoping to better their fortune 
and had taken the only available house 
for the winter. After comforting the heart- 
broken pathetic little mother as best I could 
and kneeling with them in prayer, I went 
on to my stopping place reaching there 
after dark. 

The next morning, Sunday, I came up 
to the station in a genuine blizzard. The 
weather had grown so bitterly cold that 
no church service was possible. A kind 

neighbor came to the funeral bringing his 
teams, and after a brief service at the house 
we went to the cemetery. Here they had 
been obliged to build a wind-break before 
being able to complete digging the little 
grave. We hurried to the shelter of this 
and returned to the buggy as soon as pos- 
sible, but not without a frosted nose and 
heel. The mother and her young husband 
as well as the others Were pathetically 
grateful for this service ; friendly neigh- 
bors cheered the home in the weeks that 
followed, and the whole family confessed 
itself cheered and uplifted by the church 
services to which they afterwards came. 

Good Cheer from Bay City 

Our faithful missionary, Miss Slav- 
inskie, will find many to rejoice with 
her in the hope of a permanent build- 
ing for her growing work. Blessings 
' on the Christian woman who has made 
this a possibility ! 

The one special encouragement of the 
last quarter has been a building of our 
own to look forward to in what we now 
feel to be the very near future indeed. The 
scarcity of rentals has long made us feel 
that it would become necessary in the 
end to buy a building. This was some- 
thing however, that we thought we could 
not achieve for a long time ; but now in 
a most unexpected way, God has put it 
into the heart of a generous Christian wom- 
an, seeing our great need and large oppor- 
tunity for work, to say, that if we would 
only decide upon our building, or the site 
of one, we could rely on her for the first 
several hundred dollars towards it. Va- 
rious offers of help have followed dur- 
ing the last few days, and the future seems 
full of hope. There will be much rejoic- 
ing among the children who have remained 
so devoted to the school if this can be 
achieved. At the beginning of this quar- 
ter, I gathered together thirty-seven of 
these children, to renew their interest in 
this work. When inviting them I did not 
tell them just what to expect and it was a 
double pleasure to see the surprise as well 
as happiness on their arrival. It being 
so soon after the Christmas holidays, I 
thought it a good plan to make it a Christ- 
mas party and accordingly invited those 
especially who had had very little Christ- 
mas cheer at home. With 3. tree borrowed 
from the church, a Santa Claus, and gifts 
and refreshments donated by friends, the 
occasion was one that will long be remem- 
bered by the children. Through these oc- 
casional pleasures given to their children, 
I notice that the hearts of parents are easi- 
ly touched and warmed towards us, and 



we are feeling that as soon as we are per- 
manently located in onr new building, large 
results are to be expected. 

The Hopeful Tone 

We are impressed with a certain 
difference in missionary reports. The 
following- is a good example of the 
hopeful tone. We doubt if the young 
people of Manoel, North Dakota, dif- 
fer from young people elsewhere ; yet 
Pastor Woodworth finds in them good 
material for his work and evidently 
wins them into sympathy with the 
aims of the church. We could earn- 
estly wish that the same hopeful spirit 
might be poured out on all our work- 
ers for their own joy and for its 
value to the kingdom. 

The average congregations have not been 
larger than at some other time, but the 
interest of young men seems deeper than 
ever before. Almost every night for three 
weeks the school-house was crowded and 
over-crowded, every seat taken and on one 
or two nights several had to stand in the 
hall. Over twenty have professed conver- 
sion, of these, eight joined the church at 
the last communion. The Sunday-school 
also shows increased attendance. We are 
adopting new methods to make this in- 
crease permanent. An Honor Roll is to 
be hung on Easter Sunday, and pins bear- 
ing the name of the Sunday-school are to 
be given to those who are present four 
Sundays in succession. Each scholar re- 
ceiving a pin is to keep it until he is ab- 
sent, and then he must be present four 
more consecutive Sundays before re- 
ceiving one again. I have offered also 
to give a Junior C. E. pin to each Junior 
Endeavorer who is present at church every 
Sunday until July ist. I am more and 
more surprised each week at the readi- 
ness of the young people, the young men es- 
pecially, to unite in the decidedly Chris- 
tian work of the C. E. Society, and with 
a little help and encouragement, to take 
part in the meeting. • ^ 

' Missionary Bill " 

In a new country where ready mon- 
ey is scarcer than produce and stock, 
strange contributions sometimes find 
their way into the home missionary 

treasury. "Missionary Bill" is the 
latest and is heartily welcomed. May 
he wax and thrive ! Far above his 
money value is the spirit that prompt- 
ed the gift and may that spirit in- 
crease ! 

We feel gratified, says an Arkansas mis- 
sionary, to be able to report a collection 
for the Congregational Home Missionary 
Society of $15.54. When it is considered 
that this comes from a little body of mem- 
bers, in a comparatively new country where 
money is needed in home-making by near- 
ly all, and from a little church which this 
year doubled its financial obligations, there 
is reason for congratulation. Please note 
that included in this collection is "Mis- 
sionary Bill" valued at $1.50, a white pig, 
turned in by a friend of home missions. 
and while "Missionary Bill" still graces 
a back-yard pen, his ransom money is do- 
ing home missionary work as good as any 

United Effort and Fruits 

The church at Great Falls, Mon- 
tana, makes a cheering report of re- 
vival accessions and increased home 
missionary contributions. Says the 
pastor : 

The most significant event of the quar- 
ter has been the union revival movement, 
Methodist, Presbyterian, Baptist and Con- 
gregational continuing four weeks under 
the leadership of Dr. W. F. Coburn and 
Mr. Peter Bilbara, singer. The opening 
sermons addressed to Christians were mas- 
terly, and on the whole the manner and 
method throughout were unusually sane 
and quickening. Many church members 
were aroused to a holier life while there 
were also quite a number of conversions. 
The four ministers labored together with 
perfect harmony, which is not the least 
noteworthy feature. Our church shared 
with others in additions to its member- 
ship, although most of the accessions had 
been on the way into the church and are 
only in part to be credited to this special 
movement. A number of others are to 
be received in Passion Week. For the 
benefit of the younger portion I have a 
class in the "Christian Way" with about 
six lessons. The attendance has been 
good. This has been a good quarter for 
Congregationalism at Great Falls with 
prosperity in all lines and considerable gain 
in strength in many of them. Our peo- 
ple are interested in Home Missions. Is 
not their offering of $60 creditable? 


Easter and Home Missions 


THIS is delightful, is it not, to 
have one little corner to our- 
selves in this good old 
Home Missionary magazine, 
old, but new; like everything else in 
this grand new Twentieth Century, 
putting on new features and making 
new plans for greater and swifter 
progress. Here we may be helped, I 
believe, to solve many a perplexing 
local problem through the wise and 
sympathetic words of some great 
hearted worker, and here, we may at 
least "strengthen each other's hands 
in God." Although absent from each 
other and widely scattered over this 
broad land, we shall seem to be very 
near each other in earnest conference 
over matters of the Kingdom, as the 
Holy Spirit shall quicken and en- 
lighten our hearts. 

The day and time (I am writing on 
Good Friday) remind us of that 
"Great company of woman" who fol- 
lowed Jesus to His crucifixion "be- 
wailing and lamenting Him." Luke 
tells us how these loving women "that 
had come with Him out of Galilee, fol- 
lowed after and beheld the tomb and 
how His body was laid, and they re- 
turned and prepared spices and oint- 
ments," fragrant and costly gifts for 
a dead and buried Christ. Oh, for 
such a vision of the real and risen 
Christ at this season, as shall send us 
home from our churches on Easter 
morning to "prepare" costly gifts in 
lavishness of love for a risen Christ! 
For Him who has conquered for us 
and ours the despair and darkness of 
the grave ! "Sin shall not now have 
dominion over us," nor shall it have 
its way in God's world ! Our "be- 
loved dead" still live! And now we 

are not saying, "What shall we ren- 
der to the Lord" for what there is to 
us individually and personally in this 
Death and Resurrection ! Thank 
God ! If our hearts, like those of the 
Galilee women, are prompting us to 
"do something" for Him who< so loved 
us ! We can do something, we know, 
by doing for the great sad and sin- 
troubled world about us, what Christ 
has asked us to do. We can send the 
"good news" to "every creature" in 
the waste and destitute places of our 
Own beloved country. The Galilee 
women "returned and prepared" their 
"spices and ointments." 

That word prepared contains a 
whole volume of instructions for us. 
Time and thought are demanded in 
preparing our gifts both worthily and 
abundantly. We must take and read 
the missionary papers and magazines. 
In this way we are preparing to give 
intelligently. We must keep on in our 
reading. In this way we are prepar- 
ing to give regularly. We must study 
the situation and come in close touch 
with actual need in every Godless town 
and mining camp, until enthused with 
the thought of capturing every stra- 
tegic position for Christ ; then we are 
preparing to give generously. As we 
catch frightful glimpses of the "ex- 
ceeding sinfulness of sin" and what it 
is doing to> sadden and wreck lives 
in Christless places, we are preparing 
to- give prayerfully and in this spirit 
of prayer we are preparing to give all 
to Him, body, soul, children, property, 
until all that we have and are in loving 
self-forgetfulness is Christ's. This is 
the only true joy in living, the only 
state in which we can be the actual 
possessors of all things. And only as 
we attain to such "doing" and giving 
shall we be able to "rest according to 
the Commandment." 



To Every One a Call 


A dozen young - women meet every 
week in a certain vestry as a Sunday- 
school class. They may be divided 
into three classes, the business young 
woman, the school or college girls, the 
girls of leisure. Bright, thoughtful, 
gay, earnest, careless, studious, each 
is there in her place. This dozen is 
typical. They are winning, we are 
attracted to them. We want them in 
our missionary work. We yearn to 
see them come closer to the heart of 
things, drawn closer to the Great 
Heart, the inspiring force of all earn- 
est life. 

The Business Woman's Call. All 
honor to this alert, active, well-trained 
young woman. Your clear thinking, 
your practical common sense, your 
business training has a market value. 
It has another value. The church 
needs it. The great cause of missions 
needs it. A young woman, earning 
a fine salary as a dressmaker, adopted 
this plan of giving a tenth of her in- 
come to the Lord's work. Her busi- 
ness ability and consecration has since 
been turned in another direction, for 
she is married and "the joyful mother 
of children." But the systematic giv- 
ing will be taught her children, a use- 
ful heritage surely ! One of the few 
statues in this country erected in 
honor of a woman is that of Margaret, 
whose business as a baker enabled her 
to amass a sum large enough to endow 
an asylum for orphans. To the large 
number of business young women I 
call, "Come up to the work of the 
Lord in our country." 

The College Woman's Call. She, 
the one preparing for life's work, with 
a definite fitting, with hands full to 
overflowing of golden opportunities. 
In a far away corner of our land, we 
find such a one. She was cheerfully 
working to uplift a whole town of 
child-like, superstitious people. She 
was teacher, evangelist, physician and 
good angel. On the walls of her sit- 
ting-room hung the pictures of col- 

lege days, the friends of those days, 
herself in cap and gown, changed now 
to apron and sun bonnet ; the poetry 
of life changed into prose. Her alma 
mater was the outcome of Home Mis- 
sionary labors. She was typical of a 
large number of college girls all over 
the land. Far different was the work 
of such a one as Mrs. Alice "Freeman 
Palmer ; but who more ready than she 
to give voice, pen, influence, tireless 
energy into the great causes nearer 
her own fireside? Welcome, young 
college sister, to the company of those 
who need your help in Home Mission- 
ary work. Your sociological studies 
will be useful in our city work, your 
French, German, Spanish, every lan- 
guage can be made available in our 
country of conglomerate peoples and 
tongues. Your parliamentary knowl- 
edge may often come to the rescue of 
the older generation of women work- 
ers in this administrative work. Your 
historical studies will show you that 
never to any nation has come so grand 
an opportunity as to our beloved 

The Young Woman of Leisure's 
Call. Where is the woman of leisure ? 
Who is she? "I am so busy," sighs 
everyone. The fact remains that large 
numbers find time for reading, fancy 
work, golf, clubs, travel. Two wo- 
men utilized their opportunities of 
travel to visit mission schools and 
workers in the South and West. They 
have since given time going about 
among churches making real the needs 
of the" work. Would that many young 
women with leisure to travel would 
do likewise ! 

"Time is your treasure." Plan to 

give some of it to that which is worth 

while. Give to the city, state, country, 

"A heart at leisure from itself 

To soothe and sympathize." 

Put a seal upon your lips and forget 
what you have done. After you have 
been kind, after love has stolen forth 
into the world and done its beautiful 
work, go back into the shade again and 
say nothing about it. Love hides even 
from itself.— Professor Drummond. 



What Do We Need for a 
Clearer View? 


First. — A stronger faith in God's 
Word that "this Gospel of the king- 
dom shall be preached in the whole 

Second. — A greater love for Him 
and for those for whom He died. 

Third. — A sense of God's goodness 
in giving ns our hope in our own be- 
loved land. 

Fourth. — More earnestness in 
searching out the opportunities for 
Christian service which are scattered 
broadcast throughout this great coun- 

Fifth. — A readiness to avail our- 
selves of the help of those whose 
knowledge and wisdom are greater 
than our own. 

Happily we may follow in the foot- 
steps of the pioneers who, nearly a 
generation .since, began to organize 
"for the purpose of enlisting all the 
women of the Congregational 
churches in prayers and efforts for 
home missions." 

Their loving zeal has opened a 
broad path for all who come after 
them. Faith and love, patriotism and 

an earnest purpose may also take 
freely of the aid so gladly offered by 
those who' in our own day are giving 
time and strength to the study of 
the needs, not only of our own peo- 
ple but of those of the multitude who 
are thronging to our shores and claim- 
ing a home within our borders. Wom- 
en have banded themselves together in 
thousands of our churches for this 
very purpose. The common aim stirs 
a deeper love in every heart. That 
these organizations may aid in secur- 
ing a clearer and more helpful view of 
home missions, there is need of earn- 
est study of the different fields of ef- 
fort, by the individual members. They 
should learn more of the little 
churches on our New England hill- 
tops, on the Southern Mountains, over 
the broad prairies of the great' West, 
and in the beautiful Island of Cuba. 

They should read and ponder until 
an ardent sympathy springs up for the 
self-denying pastors of these mission- 
ary churches and for their wives ; a 
sympathy which must find expression 
in prayers and gifts and loving mes- 
sages to strengthen the hearts and 
confirm the faith of these who are toil- 
ing to make our land Immanuel's 
land. May God help us all to speed 
the day ! 



"Closer Supervision" — Another 

TTHERE is no question of more vital importance 
to results in home missionary work tlun that 
which Dr. Bradley propounds in the April issue of 
the Magazine, as to how effective supervision of 
weak churches is to be secured so as to prevent loss 
of " so many " into which much money has been 

It is difficult to clearly apprehend Dr. Brad- 
ley's proposed method, either as to a division 
of each missionary field into sections, or as to 
the body to whom the several superintending 
officials are to be responsible, or the method 
of their appointment ; also by whom these 
officials are to be paid? Would there be 
secured any really greater unity in the va- 
rious forms of the home missionary work, 
if a state like Minnesota, for instance, were 
divided into four sections and the Sunday- 
school work and the church organizing work 
in each section were under one man? What 
would give unity to the whole? for certainly 
unity of direction and general method through- 
out a whole field is essential. 

But is the remedy for which Dr. Bradley 
is seeking — that of saving the weak churches 
in the critical period of their first years — to 
be found in a changed method of super- 
vision? Is it not rather a matter of stronger 
pastorate? And is not the fundamental 
question — How can a more efficient pastorate 
for the new and feeble churches be secured ? 
In asking this, I do not depreciate the self- 
sacrificing and noble work which the mission- 
ary in every new field is doing to-day. Many 
a one has put his life into the church of 
which he has laid the foundation, and which 

he has in reality carried by the force of his 
personal inspiration and by pouring into it 
his whole energy. All honor to these men! 
But strength fails because not sufficientlv 
sustained by the missionary arm of the de- 
nomination. From lack of help from with- 
out, to stand by the young church in its in- 
fancy, he is compelled to leave it, and the 
pastorless months are fatal to its existence. 
Neither the Superintendent nor the General 
Missionary can step in to care for a half 
dozen such churches thus left at any one time. 
What is the remedy? Is it not such gen- 
erous help on the part of the stronger churches 
that the shepherd can stay by the little flock 
and not be compelled to leave them until 
strength has come to them, and they can en- 
dure the experience which is trying to the 
strongest church, of losing one pastor and 
finding another. G. F. 

To the Editor of The Home Missionary : 

I have a friend whose missionary zeal has 
been chilled by reports of denominational 
competition, resulting so it is claimed, in the 
waste of money and men on home mission- 
ary ground. For myself, I believe these sto- 
ries to be gross exaggerations, but I have 
not the facts. Others of your friends and 
givers may be similarly affected with my 
friend. Is not the new Home Missionary 
magazine a proper medium for enlightening 
the churches as to the extent of this alleged 
evil and more particularly as to the meth- 
ods now employed to check or reduce it? I 
am an old-fashioned Congregationalist and 
while I rejoice in the growing self-conscious- 
ness of the denomination. I do not believe 
that it is becoming a sect in the sectarian 
sense. X. 


Wisconsin Members 

The Wisconsin State Convention 
has elected as members of the Con- 
gregational Home Missionary So- 
ciety the following named persons 
for three years : George R. Leavitt, 
D.D., H. W. Carter, DTX, Mr. J. O. 
Myers. For two years, Prest. R. C. 
Hughes and Rev. J. W. Frizzell. For 
one year. Rev. J. R. Smith and Mr. 
W. E. Brown. 

Florida Members 

At a recent meeting of Florida 
State Association the following were 
elected members of the Congregation- 
al Home Missionary Society : For 
three years Rev. C. M. Bingham, 
Daytona ; for two years Prof. E. L. 
Richardson, Avon Park ; for one year 
Rev. P. G. Woodruff, Westville. 



March, 1903 

Not in commission last year. 

Berger, W. F., Wymore, Neb. 

Blackburn, J. F., State Missionary in Ga. 

Davies, J. W. F., Lesterville, So. Dak. 

Fletcher, William T., Beaverton, Ore. 

Graf, W. C, Sulphur Springs, Kremmbling 

and Grand Island, Colo. 
Haight, Walter V., Brook Park and vicinity, 

Hardcastle, William, General Missionary in 

Northern and Western Neb. 
Hayworth, Miss Lulu, Graceville, Fla. 
Herbert, Eben, Thayer, Mo. 
Hughes, William A., Edison, Wash. 
Kershaw, John, New Plymouth, So. Idaho. 
Lewis, T. H., Kragness, Minn. 
Miller, Miss Frances B., Pingree, No. Dak. 
Morgan, Richard J., West Tampa and Ybor 

City, Fla. 
Pringle, W. A., Wyndemere and Dexter, No. 

Prucha, Miss Theresa, Allegheny, Penn. 
Richards, W. J., Coaldale, Penn. 
Smith, E. L., Myron and Cresbard, So. Dak. 
Stoney, John R., Ceylon, Minn. 
Valdez, C. D.,.Ybor City, Fla. 

Alexander, Karl B.; Melville, Edmunds and 

Bordulac, No. Dak. 
Bassett, Franklin H., Oriska, No. Dak. 
Battey, George J., Walnut Grove, Minn. 
Bell, James W., Lisbon, So. Dak. 
Bennett, Joseph H., Avoca, Neb. 
Biggers, Lorenzo J., Perote, Ala. 
Billings, Charles S., Barstow, Ala. 
Bohn, Harry F., Granby, Mo. 
Bormose, Niels N., Philadelphia, Penn. 
Brereton, John, Springfield, Mo. 
Corbin, Oliver L., Los Alamitos, So. Cal. 

Cotton, Harry A., Iberia, Mo. 

Davies, William, Los Angeles, Cal. 

Deakin. Samuel, Taylor and Cummings Fark, 

Doyle, Amos A., Lemon Grove, La Mesa and 

Spring Valley, So. Cal. 
Duff, James E., Alpine and Dehesa, So. Cal. 
Fairbanks, C. D., Dawson and Tappan, No. 

Fath, Jacob, Portland, Ore. 
Field, Fred A., Los Angeles, Cal. 
Fuller, Edgar R., Bakersfield, Cal. 
Halliday, Joseph C, Orange City, Fla. 
Iorns, Benjamin, Turtle River, Minn. 
Koenig, David J., Endicott, Wash. 
Kovac, Andrew, Allegheny, Penn. 
Krause, Fred C, Douglas, Alaska. 
Lindsay, George, Chamberlain, So. Dak. 
Marsh, George, Pittsburg, Penn. 
Mathes, George F. Peris, So. Cal. 
Merrill, H. E., San Jacinto and Lakeview, So. 

Mirick, Edward A., Cass Lake, Minn. 
Nickerson, Roscoe S., Challis, Idaho. 
Nugent, Charles R., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Rowell, Nathan L., Los Angeles, Cal. 
Simmons, D. A., Westville, Fla. 
Singleton, Joseph H., Pearl, Idaho. 
Slade, William F., Braddock, Penn. 
Stubbins, Thomas A., Norwalk, So. Cal. 
Thompson, Alexander W., Etwanda, So. Cal. 
Vogler, Henry, Petrius, Gluecksthal and Pil- 

ger, So. Dak. 
Weatherwax, F. W., Eden, Fla. 
Welles, S. B., Hickson and Christine, No. 

Williams, P. O., Dwight and Antelope, No. 

Woodruff, Purl G., General Missionary in 

West Fla. 


March, 1903 

For account of receipts by State Auxiliary Societies, see 
pages 91-94. 

MAINE — $24.00. 

Newcastle, Second, by J. P. Hus- 
ton 14 00 

Portland, J. H. Dow 10 00 

NEW HAMPSHIRE— $291.30. 

N. H. Home Miss. Soc, by A. B. 

Cross, Treas 1 00 

Epping, add'l, by C. R. Sanborn. 2 25 
Hanover, Dartmouth College, by 

J. V. Hazen '. 118 51 

Henniker. J. K. Connor 10 00 

Hinsdale, by C. E. Savage 6 85 

Keene. H. E. S 5 00 

New Ipswich, S. S.. by Rev. A. 

B. Case ,. 5 00 

Troy, Trin., by F. Ripley 8 19 

West Hampstead, N. Ordway. . 10 00 

. C. I. and H. M. Union of N. 
H., Miss A. A. McFarland, 

Treas 100 00 

Bristol 15 00 

Henniker , . , . . 9 50 124 50 

VERMONT— $213.39. 

Brookfleld, Second, by W. S. 

East Hardwick, by C. S. Mont- 

Townshend, by Rev. G. H. Baker 

Weston, Mrs. C. W. Sprague. . . . 

West Rutland, by A. G. Dodge. . 

F. A. Morse, special 

Weybridge, C. E. Soc, by S. Wright. 

Woman's H. M. Union. Mrs. C. II. 

Thompson, Treas : 

Brattleboro, Y. P. S. C. E. 5 00 
Burlington, First, Woman's 

Assoc 40 00 

Georgia, Friends 5 00 

Orwell 5 00 

Royalton k 17 80 

S. S 11 38 

Rutland, West 5 00 

Y. P. S. C. E 5 00 

Salisbury, West, Y. P. S. 

C. E 5 00 

Springfield 13 50 

St. Johnsbury, East, Y. P. 

S. C. E 5 00 

North Ch. Woman's As- 
soc 25 00 

6 81 

18 25 
15 00 

2 00 
14 25 
12 50 

1 90 

142 68 



MASSACHUSETTS— $14,563.31 : of 
which legacies, 13,004.92. 

Mass. Home Miss. Soc, by Rev. 

E. B. 1'almer, Treas. . .'. 50 00 

Amherst, College, Ch. of Christ, 

by J. O. Thompson.... Ill) 60 

Boston, A Friend. 15 00 

Dorchester, Second, by Miss E. 
Tolman 25 00 

Enfield. Estate of J. B. Woods, 
by Rev. R. W. Woods, Trus- 
tee 80 00 

Greenfield, Estate of W. B. Wash- 
burn, by F. II. Wiggin. Trus- 
tee 7!) OS 

Hatfield. Estate of S. II. Dickin- 
son, by D. W. Wells, Trustee.. 475 00 

Lynn, North Ch. S. S., by C. O. 

Morse 7 OS 

Mattapoisett, by N. Smith 13 80 

Mittineague, by E. II. Shepard. . 1'.) no 

New Bedford, North Ch., bv E. 

Holmes .33 27 

Trin. Ch., by J. C. Briggs 78 02 

Newton Highlands, by G. May. ... 40 75 

Northampton, Estate of Harriet 

Fox, by C. D. Waite, Ex 1,317 34 

Northbridge, Estate of Mary A. 
Batchelor, by Edward Whiton, 
Ex 3,428 50 

North Brookfield, A Friend. First 

Ch 10 00 

Petersham, Miss E. B. Davies.. 200 00 

Sheffield, by Dr. A. T. Wake- 
field 5 28 

South Hadley, Mt. Holyoke Col- 
lege, add'l, by Miss F. M. Ha- 
zen 15 00 

Springfield, Estate of Rev. C. Pea- 
body, by C. W. Bosworth, 
Adm 3.500 00 

South Ch., by D. W. Hakes, Jr. 120 00 

Wellesley Farms, C. Aiken, by 
Rev. A. B. Case 5 00 

West Brookfield, Y. P. S. C. E., 

by Mrs. J. H. Gaylord 3 00 

Worcester, Estate of Albert Cur- 
tis, by E. B. Stoddard, Ex 4,125 00 

Woman's H. M. Assoc, Miss L. 
D. White. Treas. For Salary 
Fund '. 800 00 

RHODE ISLAND— $60.50. 

Central Falls. Dr. A. A. Mann... 35 00 

Providence, Plymouth, by II. 

Worrall 25 50 

CONNECTICUT— .$3,440.18 : of 
which legacies, $070. 00. 

Miss. Soc. of Conn., by Rev. J. 

S. Ives, Treas 1,170 08 

For salaries of Western Super- 
intendents 075 oo 

Ansonia, L. F. Ansehutz 50 00 

Bloomfield, Y. P. S. C. E., by 
Miss M. J. Woodford, thro. W. 
Shaw 5 00 

Branford, Hon. E. F. Jones, by 

Rev. T. S. Devitt 5 00 

Bridgeport, Fark Street Ch.. 
if 132.50 : Fullerton Memorial 
Circle, $25. bv A. S. Hall 157 ."0 

Bristol, First, "bv H. E. Gar- 
rett, for Salary Fund 41 87 

Derby. Second, bv J. Ewen.... L':: 20 

East' Hartford. First, by E. C. 

Geer 10 55 

East Haven, by Mrs. W. S. 

Coker 2.". 00 

Fairfield. Estate of Samuel Mid- 
dlebrook, bv G. II. Knapp, 
Ex '. 07o 00 

Groton, S. S., bv A. L. Fair- 
banks 3 00 

Guilford. First, bv E. W. Leete. 40 00 

Hartford. Estate of M'ss F. B. 

Griswold 00 

Milford. First, by F. J. Bos- 
worth 3 59 

New Preston, Rev. II. Uoson. . . 5 00 

Rocky Hill, by W. Q. Bobbins.. 10 75 

Salisbury, W. B. II. M., by Mrs. 

L. Warner 

Scitico, J. W. Stowe 

Seymour, by C. J. At water.... 
South Manchester, by c. E. 


Wethersfield, S. S., by J. F. 


Woman's II. M. Union, Mrs. W. 

Jacobs, Treas. 
Enfield, L. B. S., by Miss 

E. W. Roemer, special . . 10 00 
Hail ford, First, by Mrs. 
C. A. Jewell, special, by 
Mrs. S. B. Beach, Salary 

Fund 5 00 

South I'll., Second Aux., 
by Mrs. E. II. Bing- 
ham 50 00 

Farmington Avenue, by 
Mis. A. R. Baxter, 

special 10 00 

South Norwalk, by Miss G. 
II. Benedict, for Salary 

Fund 25 00 

Taftville, C. E. Soc, by 

Miss G. C. Bjurstrom. .. 1 68 
Trumbull, by Mrs. S. B. 

Beach, Salary Fund.. 5 00 
Mission Circle, by Miss M. 

Tucker, Salary Fund. 8 00 

NEW YORK — $3,900.75 ; of which 

legacies, $505.00. 

Aquebogue, bv G. L. Wells. . . . 

Berkshire, First, by S. L. Ball.. 

Brooklyn. Clinton Avenue Ch., by 

C. Joselin 

Plymouth Ch., by W. H. Steele 

Puritan Ch., by II. A. W. Goll.. 
Puritan S. S., by A. J. Young. . 
Beecher Memorial, by C. E. 

Cloud 8 51 

Cambridge. First, by Rev. P. R. 

Allen 14 00 

Candor, by E. J. Woodford .... 5 00 

Cortland, II. E. Ranney 20 00 

Crown Point, Estate of Juba 

Howe, by C. A. Murdock, Ex.... 5 00 

Eldred. C. E. Soc, by M. D. 

Iloatson 1 50 

Franklin, Estate of H. M. 
Bainerd, bv L. F. Raymond, 

Ex 500 00 

By G. Mann 43 15 

Jamesport. by ('. S. Tuthill.... 4 00 

Jamestown, Scands., by Rev. A. 

Larsen 4 00 

New York City, Broadway Taber- 
nacle, by I. C. Gaylord 1,123 83 

Y. P. S. C. E., of the Forest 

Avenue, by A. A. L. Bennett. 5 00 

Northfield. by W. M. Hoyt 11 50 

Norwich. Mrs. L. N. Bixby lo 00 

Orient, bv ('. B. King 24 17 

Tort Chester, First, by C. S. 

Whitney 2 00 

Syracuse, Danforth Ch.. by H. F. 

Bailey 22 41 

Washington Mills, Messiah, by 

D. G. Douglass 11 43 

Woman's IT. M. Union, Mrs. J. 
J. Pearsall, Treas. : 
Brooklyn, Ch. of the Pil- 
grims . .■ 100 00 

Brooklyn, Central. Ze- 
nana Band 250 00 

Puritan, L. W. A . . 25 00 

Canandaigua 21 10 

Gloversville, L. B. S . . 15 00 

Homer. C. E. S 5 00 

Moravia. Mrs. W. C. 

Tuthill 75 00 

New Village, for Salary 

Fund 5 00 

New York City. Broad- 
way Tabernacle. Soc. 

W. W 72 00 

i tsweero Falls 5 00 

Foughkeepsie 25 00 



Pulaski 10 00 

Riverhead, Sound Ave- 
nue Ch. and S. S 4 59 

Wadham's Mills, for 

Salary Fund 10 00 

Walton 10 00 

\ T EW JERSEY— $1,147.90. 

Dover, Scand. Bethlehem Ch., by 
Rev. J. A. Dahlgren . . ,". 

East Orange, Free Swedish Ch., 
by Rev. C. E. Peterson 

Little Ferry, German Ch., by Rev. 
W. F. Barney 

Montclair, First, by J. D. liege- 

S. S. of the First, by F. S. 
Foote, Jr., add'l 

Passaic, First, by A. Turner.... 

Woman's H. M. Union of the 
N. J. Assoc, Mrs. G. A. L. 
Merrifield, Treas. : 

Bound Brook 25 00 

Montclair, First, Sal- 
ary Fund 300 00 

PENNSYLVANIA — $247.42. 

Received by Rev. H. A. Schauf- 

fler, D.D., Allegheny, Slavic. 

Evan. Ch 

Arnot, Puritan Ch., by Rev. J. 

C. Luke 

Catasauqua, Bethel Ch.. by Rev. 

W. C. Davies 

Horatio, by T. Y. Evans 

Le Raysville, S. S., by P. H. 


Mt. Carmel, by Rev. D. J. Tor- 


Nanticoke, Bethel Ch., by Rev. S. 

I. Davis 

Newfleld, Mrs. A. L. Crum.... 
Plymouth, Elm Ch., by Rev. J. T. 


Pottstown, E. C. Noyes 

Spring Creek, by Rev. G. W. 


Warren, Bethel Scand. Ch., by 

Rev. F. Nilson 

Wind Gap, by Rev. I. Thomas. . 
York, Mrs. I. H. White.. 

Woman's H. M. Union of the N. 
J. Assoc, Mrs. G. A. L. Mer- 
rifield, Treas. : 
Germantown, Primary 
Dept. S. S. of the 

Washington, First, by W. Lam 


First, by Rev. S. M. Newman . . 

Mt. Pleasant Ch.. by W. D. 


VIRGINIA — $7.00. 

Herndon, by Rev. C. H. Kershaw 


Tryon, Christ's Ch., by Rev. S. 
O. Bryant 

GEORGIA — $35.51. 

Received by Rev. W. G. 
Puddefoot, Atlanta, 

Theo. Sem 12 65 

Fredonia 13 16 

Atlanta, Immanuel Ch., by Rev. 

S. C. Williams . ., 

Baxley, Mt. Olivet Ch., by Rev. 

G. N. Smith 

Columbus, bv Rev. J. T. Farr. . . . 
Williford, by Rev. W. H. Quat- 


632 69 










325 00 

14 00 

12 00 

13 41 

2 00 

10 23 

10 78 

10 00 
100 00 

5 00 
30 00 

3 50 

3 50 
8 00 
5 00 

20 00 

236 00 

19 72 

61 76 

7 00 

16 00 

25 81 
5 00 

1 50 

2 00 

1 20 

ALABAMA— $68.93. 

Received by Rev. A. T. Clarke : 

Ashland $ .50 

Central, Rev. J. E. Kim- 
ball 50 

Fredonia 1 12 

Meadow 1 61 

Phoenix, Bethany . ..-. . 1 00 

Abercoochee, Eden Ch., Lofty, 
Flowery Grove Ch., by Rev. E. 
J. Loveless 

Clanton, Mountain Springs Ch., 
$1.00; Deatsville, Pine Grove 
Ch., $1.20 ; and Lightwood, 
Union Ch., $1.55 ; by Rev. C. 
A. Milstead 

Fairhope, by Rev. G. L. Dick- 

Talladega, A Friend 

Tallahassee, First, by Rev. C. 
G. McKay 

Tidmore, Concord Ch., by Rev. 
J. D. Foust 

Tip, New Hope City, by Rev. J. 
M. Graham 

LOUISIANA — $27.43. 

Received by Rev. L. Rees, Lake 

Hammond, First, by E. W. Her- 

Iowa and Vinton, by Rev. J. T. 

FLORIDA— $84.18. 

Received by Rev. W. G. Pudde- 
foot : 

Daytona 5 31 

Ormond 9 88 

Daytona, First, by W. Atwood... 
J. S. Blymyer 

Fernandina, E. F. Richardson.. 

New Smyrna, by Rev. E. H. By- 

Philips, by Mrs. R. M. Merrill.. 

Tampa, Ybor City, Spanish Eman- 
uel Ch., by Rev. C. D. Valdes. . 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. E. 
W. Butler, Treas. : 

Lake Helen 5 00 

Mount Dora 5 00 

Orange City '5 00 

TEXAS— $63.50. 

Received by Rev. L. Rees, Dal- 
las, Central Ch 

El Paso, by Rev. J. M. Ibanez.. 

Tyler, First, $10.00 ; Coplen, 
$2.00 ; Mt. Lebanon, $1.00 ; by 

Rev. J. C. Calhoun 

Van, by Rev, W. Z. Whiddon- 

OKLAHOMA — $233.41. 

Received by Rev. J. H. Parker, 

Kingfisher .* 

Alva. Olivet Ch., by Rev. W. F. 


Binger, by Rev. L. B. Parker. . . . 
Cashion, First, $16.77 ; Tabor, 

$5.00 ; by Rev. F. Peyton 

Fifty cents, Wellston, $4.50 ; 

by Rev. J. G. Lange 

El Reno, Pilgrim Ch., by Rev. 

H. O. Ludlum 

Gage, $10.00 ; Waynoka, $5.00 ; 

by ftev. G. O. Jewett 

Hennessey, First, by Rev. G. N. 


Independence, by Rev. J. A. H. 


Lincoln Co., Forest Ch., by Rev. 

J. J. Bunnell 

Manchester, First and Victor 

Ch's, by Rev. W. Kelsey. ...... 

Medford, First, by Rev. O. W. 


Oklahoma City, Harrison Ave- 
nue, by Rev. J. J. Dalton.... 
Olivet, by Rev. C. J. Rives 

4 73 
3 00 

3 75 






















J 5 




1 25 

15 00 

40 00 
3 00 

13 00 
7 50 

100 00 

























Perkins, First, by Rev. C. J. 

Rives .05 

Vining, Ridgeway Ch., by Rev. 

J. W. Naylor 1 30 

Weatberford, by Rev. W. II. Bick- 
ers 2 14 

Erratum, Enid, .$50 ; erroneously 
acknowledged in Jan. receipts 
sbould be Enid, $30 ; Turkey 
Creek, $20. 

NEW MEXICO— $30.00. 

San Rafael, by Rev. J. II. Heald. 30 00 

ARIZONA — $12.00. 

Jerome, First, by Rev. H. G. 

Miller 5 00 

Tempe, First, by Rev. F. L. 

Drew 7 00 

KENTUCKY— $1.00. 

Berea, First, by M. K. Pasco. ... 1 00 

OHIO— $628.46; of which leg- 
acy, $150.00. 
Obio H. M. Soc, by Rev. J. G. 

Fraser, D. D 449 05 

Austinburg, Estate of V. A. 

Haight, by C. Hart, Ex 150 00 

Elyria, Mrs. C. J. Fitts 3 00 

Grafton, by W. N. Hitchcock.. 141 00 

Medina, A. I. Root 25 00 

INDIANA— $497.75. 

Received by Rev. E. D. Curtis : 1 
Andrews, S. S., $2.23 ; 

Pledge Band, $2.36 2 50 

Elkhart 34 60 

Fairmount 8 00 

Fremont 6 25 

Furnessville 2 21 

Indianapolis, Bright- 
wood 3 00 

Union, add'i, $3 ; C. E., I 

$2 ; S. S., $5 ; Ladies 

$2 12 00 

Jamestown 2 50 

Orland, S. S., $5 ; C. E., 

$3 8 00 

Porter 10 00 

Ridgeville, S. S i 3 25 

Ross ' 11 00 

Shipshewana Ch., $10 ; 

S. S. $2.00..'. 12 00 

Solsberry • 3 85 

South Bend 15 00 

West Terre Haute, Beth- 
y any Ch 2 50 

Cardonia, by Rev. H. Kirkland.. 

Central, Titus, Beechwood Ch. 
and Corydon, Cedarwood Ch., 
by Rev. P. Fulgham 

Dunkirk, Plvmouth Ch., by Rev. 

D. C. Eberhart 

Michigan City, First, by Rev. 

E. D. Curtis, D. D 

Perth, by Rev. C. F. Hill 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. A. 
D. Davies, Treas. : 

Elkhart 46 00 

Kokomo 90 00 

Y. P. S. C. E 10 00 

Jr. C. E 1 25 

Indianapolis, Mayflower, 
in full to const. Mrs. 
L. C. Whitehead and 
Mrs. Jennie H. Gibbs, 

Hon. E. Ms 45 00 

Plymouth. Ladies Union. 25 00 
Michigan City, First.... 7 50 

136 75 
16 25 

10 00 
5 00 

3 00 00 
5 00 

ILLINOIS— $40.81 ; of which leg- 
acy. $10.00. 
Cambridge, Estate of II. G. Grif- 
fin, by F. II. Steed, Ex 

Rockford, First, by H. H. Rob- 

224 75 

10 00 
30 SI 

MISSOURI— $366.17. 

Carthage, First, by S. S. Riley. . 22 80 

Iberia, by G. I. Farnham 5 00 

Kansas City, Olivet, by C. F. 

Blamo 7 70 

Kidder, by Rev. L. F. Bickford. 13 85 

Meadville, by T. A. Loomis.... 7 50 

St. Louis, First, by F. T. Knox 265 07 

Y. P. S. C. E., First German, 

by Rev. W. II. Dorn 10 00 

Bethlehem, by Rev. E. Wrbitz- 

ky 7 00 

Olive Branch Ch., by P. W. 

Yarrow 13 75 

Immanuel Ch., by Rev. M. J. 

Norton 1 00 

Springfield, Pilgrim Ch., by Rev. 

J. Brereton 12 50 

MICHIGAN— $5.00. 

Vermont ville, O. P. Fay 5 00 

WISCONSIN— $136.12 ; of which 
legacy, $129.12. 
Clear Lake, Swedish Ch., by Rev. 

L. G. Lance 2 00 

Clintonville, Scand. Ch., by Rev. 

F. O. Anderson 4 00 

Curtiss, Zion German Ch., by 

Rev. J. Schaerer 1 00 

Oshkosh, Estate of R. T. Evans_. 12.1 12 

IOWA— $74.16. 

Iowa Home Miss. Soc, by J. H. 

Merrill 74 16 

MINNESOTA— $525.91 . 
* Received by Rev. G. R. Merrill, 
. <> D.D. : 

Ada 5 98 

Brookpark 10 61 

Ceylon 13 53 

Marshall 33 08 

Minneapolis, First 38 50 

Plymouth Ch 121 87 

Vine Ch 7 00 

Montevideo 20 00 

New Ulm 10 00 

St. Paul, Cvril Chapel. 36 20 

Peoples Ch 50 00 

Selma 50 00 

Stillwater, Grace Ch. . 6 14 

Received by Rev. A. Clark : 

Akeley 3 00 

Backus 2 60 

Detroit, S: S 1 75 

Hackensack 1 00 

Lake Park 2 34 

Brainerd, Peoples' Ch., by Rev. 

W. G.* Marts .• 

Brownton, $6.83 ; Stewart Ch., 

$3.50, and "Always Faithful 

Band," 50 cents, by Rev. J. 


Cass Lake, by Rev. E. A. Mi- 

Culdrum, Scand. Ch., by Rev. S. 

Peterson ". 

Dexter, bv Rev. P. Winter 

Glyndon, Ch. and S. S., by C. G. 


Minneapolis, First Scand. Ch., 

by Rev. S. M. Andrewson 

Oak Park Ch., by Rev. W. A. 


Northwest Mission, by PI W. 


Scands., bv Rev. J. F. Okerstein. 
Park Rapids, First, by Rev. J. W. 


St. Charles, by A. F. Kuebler & 

Co '. 

St. Cloud and Sauk Rapids, by C. 

J. Carlson 

St. Paul. Bethany Ch., by G. H. 


Bethany, Y. P. S. C. E., by 
M. L. Fales 

357 91 
































Sauk Rapids, $4.00 ; Cable, $6.00 ; 

by Rev. C. J. Swain 

Silver Lake, Bob. Free Reformed, 

by J. S. Jerabek 

Verndale, by Rev. H. B. Bortel. . . 
Walnut Grove, by Rev. G. J. 


Waterville, Ladies' H. M. Soc, 

$7.00 ; C. E., $5.00 ; by Rev. F. 

R. Snowden 

Winona, Seand. Cb., by Rev. B. 

B. Sather 

NEBRASKA — $1,258.40. 

Alma, by Rev. A. J. Polsom 

Butte, by Rev. P. B. West 

Clemen, Rev. and Mrs. J. C. 

Crete, German Ch., by Rev. K. L. 

Danbury, First, by Rev. H. C. 

Doniphan, by Rev. W. A. Alcorn . . 

Genoa, First, by G. A. Mollin. . . . 

Germantown, German Cb., by 
Rev. J. B. Happel 

Harvard, First, by Mrs. L. G. 
Hurd, thro. W. H. Swartz 

Lincoln, by Rev. J. E. Swanson. . 

Long Pine, by Rev. W. Hares- 

Monroe and Wattsville, by Rev. 

C. M. Lowe 

Plymouth, Second, $9.40 ; Har- 

bine, $5.00 ; by Rev. J. E. 


Thedford, by Rev. C. W. Preston. 

Trenton, $13.05 ; Fairview, $2.75, 

and Rosefield, $3.17 ; by Rev. A. 

G. Axtell 

By Rev. A. G. Axtell (errone- 
ously reported ; see April 


Wallace, by Rev. A. W. Nevill... 
Received by H. A. Snow, 
Treas. : 

Addison 7 01 

S S 5 50 

Antioch',' Reno Ch '. '. '. '. '. '. 2 50 

Ashland 43 91 

Baker 1 10 

Bertrand 2 00 

Bladen 1 15 

Brule 125 

Bruning 2 50 

Cambridge 20 00 

Campbell 4 12 

Carroll 7 20 

Courtland 12 50 

S. S 5 00 

Crete 102 01 

Dodge 12 00 

Eureka 2 00 

Franklin 21 12 

Havilock 3 40 

Hemingford 7 25 

Howells 8 00 

Hyannis 3 23 

Kearney 12 00 

Leigh 21 66 

Lincoln, Vine Street. .1. 9 00 
Young Ladies' Soc ... 15 00 
Hon. C. E. Weston. . . 5 00 

Rev. L. Gregory 10 00 

Rev. G. W. Mitchell.. 10 00 

Linwood 38 45 

Loomis 5 00 

Keystone 1 60 

Omaha, St. Mary's Ave- 
nue 59 40 

First 31 19 

Naper 1 35 

Neligh 23 00 

New Castle 5 50 

S. S 3 85 

Daily Branch 2 00 

Noble 1 05 

Norfolk, Second 4 45 

Palisade 5 00 

Seward 16 90 

Strang 5 35 

10 00 

25 00 

2 25 

8 80 





























18 97 

19 00 
1 50 

Sutton 15 40 

Y. P. S. C. E 7 50 

S. S 3 50 

Mr. and Mrs. C. L. 

Campbell 5 00 

Tremont 32 35 

Unadilla, Paisley 5 30 

Upland 6 51 

West Point 3 00 

York 92 41 

S. S „ 17 20 

Sr. Y. P. S. C. E 8 29 

W. H. M. U. of Neb., of 
which $47.65 from Y. . 
P. S. C. E. for Salary 
Fund 352 71 

$1,110 67 
Less expenses 17 65 

NORTH DAKOTA — $190.53. 
Received by Rev. G. J. 
Powell : 

Edmore .. 2 50 

Gardner 3 00 

McHenry 3 34 

Park 4 75 

Crary, First, by Rev. W. Steele. .-,. 
Dwight and Antelope, by Rev. P. 

O. Williams 

Fargo, Plymouth Ch., $8.00 ; 

Kragness, $7.00 ; by Rev. T. H. 


Fingal, by Rev. F. H. Bassett. . . 
Harwood and Argusville, by Rev. 

W. C. Hitchcock 

Hope, $7 ; Ellsburg, Union, $4 ; by 

Rev. H. Gilpatrick 

Paradise Valley, by Rev. G. S. 


Pingree, First, by Miss F. E. 


Sykeston, by Rev. G. S. Bascom. 

Velva, by Rev. J. A. Walton.. 

Wahpeton, First, by R. T. Bar- 

Wimbledon, by Rev. G. J. Powell. 
Wyndemere and Dexter, by Rev. 

W. A. Pringle ■ 

Woman's H. M. Union, 

Mrs. J. M. Fisher, 

Treas. : 
Amenia, Y. P. S. C. E.. 10 00 

Crary, Y. P. S. C. E 5 50 

Forman, Ladies' Aid and 

Miss. Soc 18 47 

Lidgerwood, Y. P. S. C. 

E 1 80 

New Rockford 10 00 

Niagara, Y. P. S. C. E. . 4 00 

SOUTH DAKOTA— $124.02. 

Received bv Rev. W. H. Thrall. 

Albee, A. H. Tasker 

Aberdeen, Plymouth Ch., by Rev. 

T. J. Dent 

Armour, by Rev. D. E. Evans. . . . 
Bruce, by Rev. A. Countryman. . . 

Carthage, by Rev. M. Doty 

Centreville, by Rev. G. S. Evans. 
Chamberlain, by Rev. G. Lindsay. 
Clear Lake, bv Rev. J. Lloyd. . . . 

• Clark, by H. C. Bockoven 

Freedom, by Rev. J. Alderson. . . . 
Garretson, bv Rev. W. M. Mair. . . 
Hillhurst. $2 : Yelm, $2 ; by Rev. 

C. W. Wells 

Howard, Plymouth Ch., by Rev. 

T. W. Spanswick 

Lake Henry and Drakola, by 

Rev. P. B. Fisk 

Lebanon and Lebanon Springs, by 

Rev. E. P. Swartout 

Mitchell, C. E. Soc, by Rev. D. 

R. Tomlin 

Oacoma, by Rev. G. E. Brown. . . . 
Plankinton, by Rev. J. A. De- 


Ree Heights, by Mrs. A. T. Hunt- 
ley ; 

1,093 02 

13 59 

15 00 

14 16 
















16 00 

49 77 







































Rosebud, Bun-ell Ch., by Rev. J. 

F. Cross 

Springfield, by Rev. L). J. Perrin. 
Wagner, First, by Rev. J. Whal- 


COLORADO — $1,300.37. 
Received by Rev. II. 
Sanderson : 

Coal Creek 'JO 00 

Creede 34 50 

Denver, Olivet Ch 10 00 

Plymouth, S. S 13 30 

Eaton 11 35 

Lafayette .*. 13 30 

Ward 3 00 

Received by Rev. W. C. 
Veazie, Colo. : 

Boulder 60 00 

Denver, So. Broadway 

Ch 7 55 

1 50 
1 00 

3 05 

Guernsey, by Rev. C. H. Nellor. . 

Rock Springs, First, by Rev. H. A. 


Woman's Missionary Union, Miss 
E. McCrum, Treas. : 

Ault, by Rev. S. H. Cheadle 

Burlington, Mrs. Mary A. Bevier. 

Coal Creek, by Rev. A. E. Eraser. 

Colorado Springs, Second, by Rev. 
H. Sanderson 

Cortez, by Rev. J. E. Hughes..,.. 

Cripple Creek, First, by M. T. 

Denver, Second, by Rev. H. San- 

Plymouth, by A. D. Moss. . . . 
Harmon, by Rev. H. M. 

Olivet Ch'.,' by Rev! S.' A. Van 


Eaton, First, $2.75 ; C. E. Soc, 

$5 ; by F. W. McCrackin 

Flagler and Arriba, by Rev. C. W. 


Fruita, by Rev. C. R. Scafe 

Highlandlake, by E. G. Seaman.. 
Leadville, Pickett Mem. Ch., by 

Rev. II. E. Heyse 

Manitou. by C. Meador 

Minturn, by Rev. A. E. Martin. . . 
New Castle, by Rev. J. M. Laven- 

Otis, bv Miss J. Hov 

Tlatt Valley, by Rev. L. E. Gier. . 
South Denver, Ohio Ave. Ch., by 

Rev. N. O. Bartholomew 

Steamboat Springs, by Rev. T. F. 


Whitewater, Union Ch., by Rev. 

G. A. Chatfleld 

Woman's H. M. Union, 
Miss I. M. Strong, 
Treas. : 
Colorado Springs, Sec- 
ond 15 00 

Crested Butte 61 00 

Cripple Creek 10 50 

Denver, Second, S. S., 
$2 : Y. P. S. C. E., $5 ; 

Juniors, $5 12 00 

Third 17 65 

Elyria, Juniors 2 00 

Harmon 26 25 

North S. S 4 55 

Ladies 8 45 

Boulevard 5 51 

Eaton 25 00 

Greeley 42 05 

Hayden 5 00 

Longmont, S. S 6 65 

Manitou 1 5 00 

Pueblo, First 10 00 

Silverton, Ch., $14.35 ; 
S. S., $11 ; Juniors. 

$6.05 31 40 

Trinidad 4 00 

Whitewater 15 00 

WYOMING— $86 30. 

Received by Rev. W. B. D. Gray. 


Green River, by Rev. A. C. War- 
ner ." 

105 45 




































Cheyenne, First. 

317 01 

30 85 
13 00 

MONTANA — $72.50. 

Great Falls, First, by Rev. W. C. 


Laurel and Carbon Co., Union 

Ch., by Rev. J. S. Torrence.... 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. W. 

S. Bell, Treas. : 


UTAH — $71.28. 

Ogden, First, bv B. Martindale. . . 
Park City, First, by Rev. G. A. 


Trovo City,, First, $17.20 ; Ladies' 

Aid Soc, $5 ; Y. P. S. C. E., $4 ; 

by Rev. S. H. Goodwin 

Sandy, by T. H. Gilbert 

IDAHO— $65.85. 

Challis, First, Ladies' Miss. Soc, 

by Rev. R. S. Nickerson 

Council, $5.65 ; Indian Valley, $3 ; 

by Rev. G. Foster 

Mountain Home, First Ch., by 

Rev. C. E. Mason 

Mullan, First, by Rev. E. 

Owens ,. 

Pocatello, Ch., $16.50; Y. P. S. 

C. E., $7.50 ; by W. A. Jones. . . 

Woman's Misionary Union, Mrs. 
G. W. Derr, Treas. : 
Mountain Home 

CALIFORNIA— $2,900.75. 
Received by Rev. J. L. 
Maile : 

Corona 27 65 

Etiwanda 7 00 

Highland 75 12 

Los Angeles. First 29 22 

National City 6 50 

Pasadena, Lake Avenue. 16 04 

San Jacinto 7 00 

Villa Park 6 00 

Received by Rev. A. B. 
Case : 

Highland, S. S 13 60 

Los Angeles, Mrs. E. A. 
Billings, $5 ; Bethle- 
hem, S. S., $2.61 ; 
Pico Heights Miss. 

Soc, $5 12 61 

Pomona, Pilgrim Ch.... 12 15 
Poway, C. C. Soc 4 00 

Avalon, by Rev. C. W. Williams. 
Buena Park, by Rev. O. L. Corbin 

Olaremont, by'S. N. Smith 

Compton, by M. N. Sloan 

Los Angeles, Plymouth Ch. and S. 

S., $40; C. Vincent, 25 cents; 

Miss S, Endicott, $6 : T. F. 

Howard. $5 ; F. L. Brainerd, 

$1.25 ; O. P. Conklin, $1 ; F. A. 

Gilbert, $1 ; H. E. Storrs, $1 ; 

by Rev. V. Miujares 

Central Ave. Ch., by Rev. N. 

L. Rowell 

• Vernon, bv W. Davies 

Park Ch.. by J. H. Vening. . . 
Mentone. by Rev. G. Robertson. . . 
Tasadena, 'First, by Rev. J. L. 


Faso Robles, Plymouth Ch., by 

Rev. F. W. Reid 

Perres. by Rev. G. F. Mathes. . . . 
Pomona, Pilgrim, by C. M. Stone. 
Pomona, Pilgrim Ch., by Rev. A. 

B. Case 

Redlands, First, by N. L. Lelean. 
Riverside, First, by C. W. Derby. 

6 25 
8 00 

19 20 

60 00 
2 50 

10 00 

















4 00 

174 53 

42 36 
12 50 
10 00 
67 41 
4 70 

55 50 

25 00 
20 00 
20 00 
11 00 

100 00 

2 50 

20 00 
500 00 

6 35 

150 00 
109 90 



18 00 

13 50 
4 50 

14 00 

1,015 00 












San Luis Obispo, First, by Rev. 

G. Willett 

Saticoy, Ch., $12 ; S. S., $1.50 ; 

by Rev. W. W. Riley 

Ventura, by Mrs. L. D. Ford .... 
Whittier, Plymouth, by G. C. Mc- 


Woman's H. M. Union, 
Southern California, 
Mrs. T. A. Barnes, 

Of which $50 from W. 

M. C. of First Ch. 

Pasadena, to const. 

Mrs. T. A. Barnes an 

Hon. L. M 1,365 00 

Pomona, Ch. and S. S 250 00 

OREGON— $62.97. 

Cedar Mills, German Ch., by Rev. 

F. Woth 

Clackamas, by Rev. S. A. Arnold. 
Hood River, Riverside Ch., by 

Rev. J. L. Hershner 

Huntington, First, by Rev. D. 


lone, by Rev. J. L. Jones 

Portland, German Ebenezer Ch., 

by Rev. J. Fath 

Rainier, by Rev. G. A. Taggart . . 

WASHINGTON— $280.37. 

Received by Rev. W. W. 
Scudder, Jr. : 

Cheney 5 00 

Pataha 2 50 

Pomeroy 1 60 

Puyallup 2 00 

Pittsville 23 00 

Trent 5 00 

3ft 10 

Chewelah, by Rev. D. G. Curry . . 5 00 

Edison, by Rev. W. A. Hughes. . . 2 25 

Granite Falls, Union Ch., by Rev. 

C. W. Bushnell 25 00 

Kaluma, First, by Rev. W. E. 

Young 1 00 

Machias, $14.53 ; Snohomish, 

$11.85 ; by Rev. S. R. Wood. . . 26 38 

Orturg, $7.73 ; South Bend, 

$16.05 ; by Rev. S. R. Wood. . . 23 78 

Quillayute, by Rev. W. W. Scud- 
der, Jr 7 00 

Rosalia, Carey Mem. Ch., by Rev. 

A. L. Knudson 5 50 

St. John, First, by Rev. G. H. 

Newman 2 00 

Seattle, Plymouth, by J. Winter- 

bordue 135 36 

Snohomish, First, by Rev. C. L. 

Mears 8 00 

Alaska, $10, erroneously acknowledged in 
March Receipts : 

Contributions, less 
$220.94 refunded to 
donors, and $7.50, 
toward expenses of 
collecting agencies. $18,567 43 

Legacies 14,778 04 

■ $33,345 47 

Interest, net 494 86 

Conditional donations . 559 50 

Home Missionary 39 45 

Literature 56 

$34,439 84 

ING MARCH 31st, 1903. 

Contributions $102,843 88 

Legacies, less legal and estate ex- 
penses 173,272 95 

Net amount of donations, subject 

to payments during life of donors 16,082 66 
Net income of Invested Funds, less 

interest charges 25,470 34 

$317,669 83 
Home Missionary subscription and 
Leaflet sales, viz., $508.61 cred- 
ited to Publication account. 



Receipts in March, 1903. 

Rev. Edwin B. Palmer, Treasurer. 

Abington, First, by J. T. Richmond. $7 77 

Andover, South, by John Alden. . . 30 00 

Belchertown, Jr. C. E. Soc, by Rev. 

J. B. Adkins 5 00 

Boston, Dorchester, Second, by Geo. 

A. Riley 50 00 

Boston, French Mission, by Rev. A. 

Bouteiller 5 00 

Boston, Italians, by Rev. H. Ri- 

voire 10 00 

Boxboro, by A. W. Wetherbee .... 12 00 

Biimfleld, First, by M. H. Corbin. 38 20 

Brockton, Wendell Ave., by A. A. 

Jackson 3 04 

Cambridge, Prospect St., by W. F. 

Hurten 195 00 

Chelsea, Central, by W. B. Denison. 7 68 

Chelsea, First, by C. A. Bacon.... 14 39 

East Bridgewater, Union, by Geo.M. 

Keith 9 05 

Easthampton, First, by W. H. 

Wright 12 45 

Eferett, Courtland St., by H. J. 

Packham 20 00 

-Everett, Courtland St. S. S., by 

H. J. P 5 00 

Everett, First, by W. B. Marshall. 16 38 

Everett, Mystic Side, by Geo. W. 

Lewis 11 49 

Fall River, Central, by R. B. Bor- 
den 355 64 

Finns, by Rev. A. Groop 11 50 

Finns, by Rev. K. F. Henrikson. ... 7 39 

Fitchburg, German, by Rev. F. W. 

Martini 13 00 

Framingham, South, Grace, by G. 

M. Amsden '. . . . 83 72 

Framingham, South, Grace S. S., by 

Stanley E. Clapp 21 80 

Granville, Center, by Miss B. M. 

Gillet 7 00 

Granville, West, by G. M. Miller.. 11 00 

Hanover, Second, by Fannie W. 

Stetson 2 00 

Holland, Ladies' H. M. Soc, by 

Mrs. J. G. Willis 21 00 

Lawrence, Swedes, by Rev. E. 

Holmblad 7 70 

Maiden, Maplewood, Swede, by Rev. 

E. H 5 00 

Middleboro, Central, by W. R. 

Mitchell 56 24 

Middleboro, Central, C. E. Soc, 

by W. R. M 5 00 

Millbury, Second, by A. Armsby. . 19 45 

Monson, by E. F. Morris 110 59 

Montague, First, S. S., by W. S. 

Marsh 5 00 

Montague, Miller's Falls, by Mrs. 

M. A. King 6 00 

New Salem, by Rev. A. V. House. 11 45 

North Attleboro, Oldtown, by C. E. 

Jordan 6 50 

Norwegians, by Rev. C. M. Jacob- 
son 1 3 75 

Oakham, by W. S. Crawford, to 

const. Rev. A. A. Bronsdon, L. M. 37 00 

Oakham, C. E. Soc, by F. E. 

Davis 2 00 

Orange, by Geo. W. Fry 29 32 

Orange, C. E. Soc, by G. W. F. . 10 00 

Pepperell, by Geo. H. Shattuck 20 75 

Pittsfleld,, French Mission, by A. C. 

Bouteiller 35 00 

Plainfleld, by S. W. Clark 5 49 

Princeton, by E. H. Grout 12 19 

Reed, Dwight, fund. Income of . . . . 127 50 

Revere, First, by Geo. A. Mann.. 16 25 

Rockport, Pigeon Cove, by Rev. A. 

J. Isakson 3 00 

Shirley, by J. Torrey 10 00 

Somerset, S. S,, by S. A. Marble. 9 00 



Somerville, Broadway, by C. J- 

Hooper 41 56 

Somerville, Winter Hill, by A. J. 

McLeod 10 61 

Springfield, Hope, by F. B. Fair- 
banks 20 80 

Springfield, Kibbe, Mrs. R. C, Est. 
of. On resid. account, by II. W. 

Bosworth, Exec 3,000 00 

Sturbridge, by J. F. Hebard 28 10 

Wall fund, Income of...., 70 00 

Wayland, by F. H. Forbes 14 10 

Weymouth, Union, by E. II. Bowles 17 63 

Worcester, Plymouth, by F. W. 

Chase 68 45 

Danbury, First, Primary Depart- 
ment in Sunday School, -by 
Miss Susie L. Gordon, for Swe- 
dish work in Connecticut.... 10 00 

$4,904 24 

Woman's Home Miss. Association, 
by Miss L. D. White, Treas. : 

Grant towards Salary of 
Miss C. L. Tenney, 
French 50 00 

Grant towards salary and 
expenses of Miss Mary 
Truhlar, Pole 36 31 

Home Misisonary 

$4,008 74 

Ward W. Jacobs, Treasurer. 

Receipts in March, 1903. 

Ansonia, German, Y. P. S. C. E.. 
by Rev. John Fred. Graf 

Bridgeport. King's Highway, by F. 
W. Storrs 

Bristol, First, by H. E. Garrett... 

Brooklyn, First, by M. W. Crosby.. 
For C. H. M. S 

Canterbury, First, Estate of Em- 
blem M. Williams, by Lucius B. 
Morgan, Trustee , 

East Haddam. First, by E. W. 


For C. H. M. S 

East Hampton, by A. W. Sexton.. 

East Hartland, by Rev. W. E. B. 

Greenwich, Stanwich, Y. P. S. C. E., 
by Miss M. E. Close 

Higganum, by R. J. Gladwin. . . . 

Killingworth, by W. A. Snow 

North Woodstock, by H. P. Hibbard 

South Glastonbury, by Charles 

Stratford, by H. H. Judson 

Thomaston, First, by H. A. Welton, 
for C. H. M. S 

Torringf ord, by W. L. Durand .... 

Torrington, First, by Edward S. Ly- 

Waterbury, First, by F. B. Hoadley. 

Wauregan, by Rev. S. H. Fellows, 
to const. Mrs. John Arnold 
of Wauregan an Honorary Life 

Westchester, by E. E. Carrier 

Weston, by David L. Coley 

Woodstock, First, by H. T. Child.. 

W. C. H. M. U. of Conn., Mrs. 

George Follett, Secretary : 

Hartford, First, Y. W.. H. M. C, 

by Miss Harriet B. Barbour, 

Italian work in Hartford .... 

W. C. H. M. U. of Conn., Mrs. 
Ward W. Jacobs, Treasurer : 
Hartford, Second, Auxiliary, 
by Miss E. H. Bingham, for 
work among foreigners in Con- 

W. C. H. M. U. of Conn., Mrs. 
George Follett. Secretary : 
Danbury, First, Auxiliary, by 
Miss Susie L. Gordon, for sal- 
ary fund 

3 00 

10 00 

37 46 

8 00 

20 00 

11 52 
















1 .1 


















1 .", 



25 00 

25 00 

38 00 

M. S. C 

C. II. M. S. 

434 86 

37 84 




















Contributions in March, 1903. 

Josiah D. Evans, Treasurer. 

Black Creek 






Syracuse, Plymouth Cong. Church. 
Brooklyn, Swedish Cong. Church... 

$271. s:8 


Rev. J. G. Eraser, Treasurer. 

Receipts in March, 1903. 

Akron, Welsh, by E. II. Jones 

Andover, by Mrs. G. E. Garner 

Brownhelm, by Sam. Bacon, Treas. 
Chatham, bv Mrs. Harry Beach.... 
Cleveland, Plymouth, by S. H. Stil- 

son, Treas 

Cleveland, Bethlehem Ch. and S. S. 

(2), A. R. Teagle, Treas 

Cleveland, Union, by Chas. A. Pot- 
ter, Treas 

Cleveland, Denison Ave., by Rev. E. 

E. Scovill 

Columbus, South, by Rev. J. W. 


Cuyahoga Falls, by Miss Maria B. 

Clark 6 

Edinburg, by Mrs. Alice Hollister, 


Hampden, by Rev. H. S. Thompson. 
Kent, bv Mrs. M. G. Thompson. . . . 

Litchfield, by W. W. Smith 

Lodi, by Lua A. Minns 

Lorain, Second, by Rev. G. S. Brett, 


Madison, Central, by A. S. Stratton, 


Marietta, Harmar, by Rev. L. J. 


Marysville, by Rev. E. A. King.... 
Mt. Vernon, *C. E., special, by Rev. 

E. O. Mead . 

Newark, Plymouth, by Rev. T. L. 


North Amherst, by Mrs. H. G. Wil- 

ford (2) 

North Monroeville, by J. Milton 


Oberlin, First, by H. B. Thurston, 


Oberlin, First, special, by H. B. 

Thurston, Treas 

Oberlin, Hon. A. G. Comings, spe- 

Oberlin, Second, by Frank J. Dick, 


Oberlin, M. G. Dick, special 

Painesville. by Rev. A. F. Skeele. . 
Richfield, Bath Branch, by Andrew 


Ridgeville Corners, S. S.. bv Mrs. H. 

C. Tubbs 

Somerdale. by Mrs. Lewis Reel.... 
Springfield, Lagonda Ave., by Rev. 

W. H. Baker. (Coll.) 

Tallmadge, by John W. Seward, in 

full to const. Francis D. Ailing, 

Hon., L. M 

Tallmadge, Sunday School, by John 

W. Seward 




















































7 25 

53 75 
32 30 



Toledo, Second, by J. S. Brown, 

Treas , 5 06 

Wauseon, by Mrs. C. E. Guilford . . 11 25 

Wayne, by Rev. S. B. Groves.... 8 15 

Wellington, Dea., Edward West 5 00 

West Andover, by Henry Holcomb, 

Treas. (2) 7 00 

Williamsiield, by Rev. R. T. Boyd.. 5 45 



By Mrs. G. B. Beown, Treas. 

Brought forward $718 20 

Akron, First, W. M. S $20 00 

Bellevue. W. M. S 4 00 

Chatham, W. M. S., $13.50 ; 

C. E., 2 15 50 

Cincinnati, Old Vine, W.M.S. 10 00 

Claridon, W. M. S 6 00 

Cleveland, Archwood Ave., 

C. E 2 50 

Cleveland, Pilgrim. W. A... 15 00 
Cleveland, Franklin Ave., 

W. M. S 4 80 

Cleveland, Bethlehem, W. 

M. S 4 80 

Cleveland, Bethlehem, Miz- 

pah, C. E 1 00 

Cleveland, Park, W. M. S. . . 2 35 
Cleveland, Trinity, W. A. . 6 00 

Elyria, First, W. A 24 00 

Elyria, Second, C. E 6 00 

Fredericksburg, W. M. S 2 50 

Greenwich, W. M. S 2 00 

Hudson, W. A 10 00 

Ironton, W. M. S 3 85 

Lima, W. M. S 3 60 

Lorain, W. M. S 12 50 

Madison, Central, W. M. S. 8 06 

Medina, W. M. S 15 00 

Norwalk, W. M. S 9 25 

Oberlin, First, W. H. M. S., 

to const. Miss Amelia Gas- 
ton, L. M 50 00 

Oberlin, Second, L. S., to 

const. Mrs. B. F. Shuart, 

L. M 50 00 

Ridgeville Corners, H. & F. 

M. S 4 80 

Rochester, S. S 1 00 

Springfield, First (2) W. 

M. S , 15 00 

Springfield, First, S. S. 20 00 

Tallmadge, W. M. S 7 50 

Toledo, Central, W. M. U., 

$17: Jr. C. E., $2 19 00 

Toledo, Birmingham, C. E . . 7 00 

Washington, C. E 1 50 

West Williamsfield, W. M. S 10 00 

Williamsfield, W. M. S 2 90 

Youngstown, Plymouth, W. 

M. S 3 90 $381 31 

Total, all general $1,099 51 


Rev. John P. Sanderson, Lansing, Treas. 

Receipts in March, 1903. 

A }ba ■■••••■ $3 50 

Alba. S. S 5 00 

Allenville 7 00 

Benzonia 106 55 

Central Lake 10 00 

Ceresco 6 50 

Chassell, Jr. Y. P. S. C. E 2 50 

Clinton 15 00 

Columbus 40 00 

Cooks. S. S 50 

Coop? 1 " 27 75 

Coral 10 85 

Covert 41 00 

Crystal 15 00 

Detroit. Woodward Ave 89 55 

Detroit. Polish 5 00 

Petroit, Canfield Ave 1 60 

Detroit, Good Samaritan 11 30 

Dundee 4 54 

Farwell 20 85 

Flint 38 64 

Freeland 3 10 

Grass Lake 11 15 

Grand Ledge 25 75 

Grand Rapids. I'lymou. h 3 85 

Hancock 1 00 

Hart 9 00 

Helena 3 75 

Hersey 10 00 

Howard City 7 46 

Hudson 80 50 

Hudsonville 12 65 

Kalkaska 3 00 

Lacey 5 00 

Laingsburg 13 10 

Lake Odessa . . . . 6 70 

Lansing, Plymouth 9 57 

Lamont 15 00 

Manistee 52 90 

New Baltimore 3 50 

Oxford 5 00 

Prattville 11 25 

Rapid River 6 75 

Rodney 1 00 

Roscommon 2 50 

Sandstone 26 00 

Sandstone, J. P. S. C. E 5 00 

South Boston 10 00 

Standish 1 50 

Stanton 36 36 

Tipton 8 00 

Union City 95 75 

Vicksburg 38 76 

Vernon 16 00 

Vernon, J. P. S. C. E 10 00 

Wheatland 15 50 

White Rock 1 65 

Interest 275 00 

A Friend 100 00 

A Friend 10 00 

Anonymous 294 50 

W. H. M. U. of Mich 363 43 

Total $2,073.56 

Receipts of the Woman's Home Missionary 
Union of Michigan for March, 1903. 

Mrs. E. F. Grabill, Treas. 


Allegan, W. M. S 

Ann Arbor, W. H. M. S 

Benzonia, L. M. S 

Clinton, L. M. S 

Covert, W. M. S 

Detroit, Brewster Cong. W. Asso. 

Eaton Rapids, W. M. S 

Greenville W. H. M. S., of which 

.50 is thank offering, add'l. 


Jackson, First, W. H. M. S 

Jackson, Plymouth, W. H. M. S. 

Kalamazoo, W. M. U 

Laingsburg, W. Asso 

Ludington, W. H. M. S 

Middleville, W. H. M. S 

Muskegon, First, W. M. S.. 

Muskegon, Highland Park, L. U.. 
Old Mission, Ladies' Aid Soc. for 

thank offering - 

Olivet, L. B. S 

Onekama, W. M. S 

Pontiac, Missionary Club. . . 

Port Huron. Ladies' Soc 

Red Jacket, W. M. S 

Saginaw, First, W. Soc 

St. John's Congl. Ch. Soc 

Mrs. C. B. Stowell 

Tipton, W. M. S 

Three Oaks, W. M. U 

Traverse Citv, H. M. S , 

Victor, W. H. M. U 

Webster. W. H. M. S 

Wyandotte, W. H. M. S 





































































Ann Arbor, Children's Mis- 
sion Band 10 00 

Jackson Plymouth, S. S.... 1 00 

Saint Clair, Y. W. Union... 5 00 
Salem, Second, Cleaner Class 

in S. S \ 2 50 

18 50 

$001 l: 
Mrs. E. F. Grabill, Treats. 

Reported at the National OflicCj 1903. 

Brooklyn, N. Y., South Ch., by Mrs. 

J. Armstrong, two boxes $326 81 

Hartford, Conn., W. H. M. S. of 
Center Ch., by Josephine White, 
two barrels 123 00 

New Haven, Conn., L. B. S. of 

Dwight Place Ch., three barrels. 223 68 

L. A. S. of Ch. of Redeemer, box. 150 00 

L. A. S. of United Ch., by M. F. 
Benton, five boxes 539 94 

New York City, L. A. S. of Trinity 
Ch., by Augusta M. Nesbitt, bar- 
rel 100 00 

St. Johnsburg, Vt., Woman's Asso. 
of North Ch., by Mrs. C. W. Farr, 
four barrels and box 244 88 

Southampton, Mass., L. M. S., by 
Miss Caroline Edwards, three 
packages 46 00 

Washington, Conn., Homeland Cir- 
cle, by Mrs. O. Hickox, barrel.. 47 20 

$1,801 51 

Received and reported at the rooms of the 
Woman's Home Missionary Association from 
March 1, 1903 to April 1, 1903. Miss L. L. 
Sherman. Secretary. 

Boston, Central Ch. Aux., by Mrs. 

H. S. Bearing, barrel $68 30 

Boston, Park St. Ch. Aux., by Mrs. 

F. A. Allen, box 79 24 

Boston, Union Ch. Aux., by Miss H. 

A. Woodbridge, barrel 57 34 

Cambridge, First Ch. Aux., by Mrs. 

R. B. Hall, 2 barrels - 129 00 

Cambridge, First Ch. Aux., by Mrs. 

R. B. Hall, barrel 38 00 

Dorchester, Second Ch. Aux., by 

Mrs. B. Read Wales, barrel 71 33 

Dorchester, Second Ch. Aux., by 

Mrs. B. Read Wales, pack. & bar. 128 46 

East Providence, R. I., Newman Ch. 

Aux., by Mrs. L. Z. Ferris, bar- 
rel ' 62 56 

Great Barrington, by Mrs. M. D. 

Sexton, barrel 75 31 

Jamaica Plain, Central Ch. Aux., 

by Mrs. R. W. Wood, barrel .... 94 58 

Lowell, High St. Ch. Aux., by Mrs. 

E. M. Hemingway, barrel 64 00 

Melrose, Aux., by Mrs. J. H. Deer- 

ing, barrel 52 52 

New Bedford, by a friend, barrel. 50 01) 

New Bedford, by a friend, barrel. 50 00 

Newport. R. I., United Cong. Ch. 

Aux., by Miss E. R. Hammett, 

barrel 68 50 

Newton Centre, Aux., by Mrs. J. M. 

Dill, barrel 110 00 

Newton, Eliot Ch. Aux., by Mrs. 

John L. Bailey. 3 barrels 205 28 

Pittsfield, Free Hill Society, by Mrs. 

J. T. Power, box 

Fittsfield, L. B. S. of First Ch., by 

Miss Mary L. Adams, box 137 00 

Frovidenee, R. I., Central Ch. Aux., 

by Mrs. Thos E. Stockwell. box. 89 27 

Somerville, Franklin St. Ch. Aux., 

by Mrs. M. F. Burns, cash .25, 

barrel 50 00 

Westfield, Second Ch. Aux., by Mrs. 

Kate B, Towle. barrel. 75 79 

West Newton, Aux., by Mrs. M. H. 

Stoddard, barrel 38 80 

West Newton, Aux., by Mrs. M. H. 

Stoddard, barrel 18 45 

Whitinsville, Aux., bv Miss Isabel 

S. Thurston, 3 barrels 300 00 

Wilmington, Aux., by Miss Maria 

W. Carter, barrel 

Wollaston. Aux.. by Mrs. Mary 

True Taylor, box 17 35 

Total $2,131 08 

Secretaries and Treasurers of the Auxiliaries 

Rev. Charles Harbutt, Secretary Maine Missionary Society '. J4 Dow St., Portland, Me. 

W. P. Hubbard, Treasurer " " Box io5z, Bangor, Me. 

Rev. A. T. Hillman, Secretary New Hampshire Home Missionary Society Concord, N. H. 

Alvin B. Cross, Treasurer ' Concord, N. H, 

Charles H. Merrill, D.D., Secretary Vermont Domestic St. Johnsbury, Vt. 

J. T. Ritchie, Treasurer " " St. Johnsbury, Vt. 

Rev. Joshua Coit, Secretary Massachusetts Home f 6og Cong'l House, 

Rev. Edwin B. Palmer, Treasurer " I Boston, Mass. 

Rev. J. H. Lyon, Secretary Rhode Island " Central Falls, R. I. 

Jos. Wm. Rice, Treasurer ' " Providence, R. I. 

Rev. Joel S. Ives, Secretary Missionary Society of Connecticut Hartford, Conn. 

Ward W. Jacobs, Treasurer " Hartford, Conn. 

Rev. C. W. Shelton, Secretary New York Home Missionary Society, Fourth Ave. and 2Zd St., New York 

Josiah D. Evans, Treasurer 

J. G. Fraser, D.D., Secretary Ohio 

J. G. Fraser, D.D., Treasurer 

James Tompkins, D.D., Secretary Illinois 

Aaron B. Mead, Treasurer 

Homer W. Carter, D.D., Secretary Wisconsin ' 

C. M. Blackman, Treasurer 

T. O. Douglass, D.D., Secretary Iowa 

J. H. Merrill, Treasurer 

William H. Warren, D.D., Secretary Michigan 

Rev. John P. Sanderson, Treasurer 

Rev. Henry E. Thayer, Secretary Kansas Congregational Home Missionary Society. . .Topeka, Kan. 

L. D. Whittemore, Treasurer . . .Topeka, Kan. 

Rev. J. K. Harrison, Secretary California Home Missionary Society San Francisco, Cal. 

Geo. H. Morgan, Secretary Congregational City Missionary Society St. Louis, Mo. 

Rev. W. W. Newell, Superintendent " St. Louis, Mo. 

Lewis E. Snow, Treasurer St. Louis, Mo. 

. . Cleveland, Ohio. 
. .Cleveland, Ohio. 
. f 15? La Salle St., 
. I Chicago, 111. 
.Beloit, Wis. 
. Whitewater, Wis. 
.Grinnell, Iowa. 
. Des Moines, Iowa. 
. Lansing, Mich. 
. Lansing, Mich. 

The Old Reliable 



Absolutely Pure 



For Pastors 
For all who lead missionary meetings 
For all Who are interested in missions 


Missions in the Light of the New Testament 

By HARLAN P. BEACH, Educational 
Secretary of the Student Volunteer Move- 
ment. Containing valuable outline studies 
of Missions as described in the Gospels and 
Epistles. 15 cents per copy. 

Bible Studies in Missions 

By C. K. OBER. Excellent outline 
studies of Missions in the Old Testament ; 
Missions in the Church of Pentecost. 20 
cents per copy. 

, The foregoing sent pottfaid on receift of price. Aiireis 

The Home Missionary 


Congregational Home Missionary Society 

Eastern Representative 
R. A. Beard, D.D., Congregational House, Boston, Mass. 

Field Secretary 
Rev. W. G. Puddefgot, South Framingham, Mass. 


Moritz E. Eversz, D.D., German Department, 153 La Salle St., Chicago, 111. 
Rev. S. V. S. Fisher, Scandinavian Department, Minneapolis, Minn. 
Henry A. Schauffler, D.D., Slavic Department, Cleveland, Ohio. 

Edw. D. Curtis, D.D Indianapolis, Ind. 

Rev. S. F. Gale ...Jacksonville, Fla. 

Geo. R. Merrill, D*D... , ..Minneapolis, Minn. 

Alfred K. Wray. D.D...... .Carthage, Mo. 

Rev. W. W. Scudder, Jr. .West Seattle, Wash. 

Rev. W. B.-.D. Gray Cheyenne, Wyo. 

Harmon B ross, D.D ..'... . . ............. Lincoln, Neb. 

Rev. A. T. Clarice........ ...Shelby, Ala, 

Frank E. Jenkins, D.D..., ......Atlanta, Ga. 

Rev, Luther Rees .Paris, Tex. 

Rev. W. H. Thrall..... ....Huron, 5, Dak. 

Rev. G.J. Powell.. ......Fargo, N„ Dak. 

Rev. H. Sanderson ...................... ....Denver, Colo. 

J. D. Kingsbury, D.D. (New Mexico, 

Arizona, Utah and Idaho) 

Salt Lake City, Utah. 

Rev. Johh L. M aile. Los Angeles, Csl. 

Rev. C. F. Clapp... .......Forest Grove, Ore. 

m ... . ~ ^ fjiz Woodland Terrace, 

T.W.Jones, D.D... j s p hi , 3dclphla> Pa . 

Rev.W.S. Bell ...Helena, Mont- 
Rev. J. Homer Parker...... .......kingfisher, Okla. 

American Printing House, jia to no East «d Street, New York. 

I - p resby Hist Soc 

. 13 ^9 Walnut et 

HAVE READ this splendid volume through twice with 
great delight* A noble contribution it is to Congregational 
literature! It ought to be a text-book in Congregational 
seminaries, — The Rev. Nehemiah Boynton, D.D. 

(Detroit, Michigan) . 

THE BAKER & TAYLOR CO. announce that they have arranged With 

Dr. J. 

A Thrilling Story of American Home Missions! 
A Book for Every Library, Every Home! 

I have read it with profound interest and delight. 
It is a thrilling story well told of the wise ad- 
ministration and successful prosecution of a great 
enterprise whose beneficent results to individuals, 
communities and the Nation arc simply immeas- 
urable.— The Rev. R. R. Meredith, D.D. 


Previous writers have given us the exploration of the 
great West and its political history; but Dr. Clark gives 
us what is of vastly more moment, its building up in 
Christian character and Christian Institutions .... 
We congratulate him on doing so worthily a work so 
worthy to be done. 

** Leavening; the Nation" reads like a novel. 
It is wonderfully thrilling and fascinating. — The 
Rev. Horace Sanderson (Denver, Colorado). 

Full 12mo, illustrated, net, $1.25 
Sent postpaid on receipt of price, 


287 Fourth Avenue, New York City 

Entered at the Pestoffice at New York, N. Y., as Second-class [Mail] Matter. 



Our Double Debt, A. J. Lyman . . . . . -95 

The Missionary Magazine, Alexander Lewis .... 96 

A Great Opportunity for the Rich, H. A. Stimson . . . -96 

The Missionary Church and the Young, F. D. Ayer 97 

Sunday School Extension, LaRoy S. Hand . . . . -98 

The Louisiana Purchase and Home Missions, Michael Burnham . . 98 

Home Missionaries, Julian M. Sturtevant .... . 100 

The Christian College and Home Missions, N. J. Morrison . . 101 
California in Forty-nine, Continued, S. H. Willey .... 101 

EDITOR'S OUTLOOK . . . . . . 103 

The Annual Meeting — Denominational Competition Again — First Fruits — That Need 
— A Double Number— An Experiment. 


Schauffler, D.D. . . . . . .107 


OUR COUNTRY'S YOUNG PEOPLE, conducted by Don O. Shelton 114 

Needed Leaders — Mission Plans — Pressing Personal Obligation — Christ in Our Cities, 
by Margaret L. Russell — Von Ogden Vogt, by Rev. Edwin D. Eaton — The Literature 
of Home Missions : Articles by James S. Dennis, Josiah Strong, Amos R. Wells, 
H. P. Beach, Mrs. Darwin R. James, D. L. Pierson, J. F. Cowan, H. A. Bridgman, 
John Willis Baer, Von Ogden Vogt, N. McGee Waters, C. K. Ober, Watson L. 
Phillips, Miss Ella D. McLaurin, W. L. Amerman, Miss Belle M. Brain — Comment 
and Suggestion. 


Is the Revival Out of Date — Congregationalism in Oklahoma — Fighting Prejudice — A 
Fruitful Pastorate — The Outlook of a Superintendent — On the Border — Progress in 
Cuba — The Cuban Fisherman in Luck — A Scandinavian Revival — A Thoughtful 


WOMAN'S PART . ...... 132 

Our Opportunity, Mrs. Dora Reed Barber ..... 132 

The Individual Back of the Organization, Mrs. Margaret E. Sangster . . 132 

The Lone Star Woman, Miss M. Dean Moffatt . . . . , 133 

Conditions in Wyoming . . . . . . . .134 


Congregational Home Missionary Society 

Newell Dwight Hillis, D.D., President 
Joseph B. Clark, D.D. Washington Choate, D.D. 

Editorial Secretary Corresponding Secretary 

Don O. Shelton, Associate Secretary 
William B. Howland, Treasurer 

Executive Committee 
Edwin H. Baker, Chairman Charles L. Beckwith, Recording Secretary 

Joseph Wm. Rice Watson L. Phillips, D.D. Rev. William H. Holman 

George P. Stockwell Edward P. Lyon William H. Wanamaker 

Edw. P. Ingersoll, D.D. Thomas C. MacMillan Frank L. Goodspeed, D.D. 

Rev. John De Peu Edward N. Packard, D.D. Reuben A. Beard, D.D. 

N. McGee Waters, D.D. 

LEGACIES. — The following form may be used in making legacies: 

I bequeath to my executors the sum of dollars, in trust, to pay over the same in 

months after my decease, to any person who, when the same is payable, shall act as Treasurer of the Congregational 
Home Missionary Society, formed in the City of New York, in the year eighteen hundred and twenty-six, to be applied 
to the charitable use and purposes of said Society, and under its direction. 

HONORARY LIFE MEMBERS. — The payment of Fifty Dollars at one time constitutes an Honorary Life Member. 
Fourth Avenue and Twenty-second Street, New York, N. Y. 


The Literature of Home Missions 

Great 'Books for the Libraries 
of Christian Men and Women 

The Transformation of Hawaii. By Belle M. Brain . . . $1.00 

Leavening the Nation. By Dr. J. B. Clark ...... 1.25 

The Story of Marcus Whitman. By Rev. G. H. Craighead, D.D. 1.50 

Old Glory and the Gospel in the Philippines. 

By A. B. Condict, M.D. .75 

Black Rock. By Ralph Connor . 1.25 

Sky Pilot. By Ralph Connor 1.25 

Our Life Among the Iroquois Indians. By Mrs. Harriet S. Caswell 1.50 

Presbyterian Home Missions. By Dr. S. H. Doyle .... 1.00 

A Chinese Quaker. By Nellie Blessing Eyster 1.50 

By Order of the Prophet. By Alfred Henry . . . . . 1.50 

Ginsey Krider. By Hulda Herrick , . . 1.50 

Alaska. By Sheldon Jackson , 1.50 

Marcus Whitman and the Early Days of Oregon. 

By William A. Mowry 1.50 
How Marcus Whitman Saved Oregon. By Oliver W. Nickson . 1.50 

Amid Greenland's Snows. By Jessie Page 75 

The Minute=Man on the Frontier. By W. G. Puddefoot . . . 1.25 

Lovey Mary. By Alice Hegan Rice 1.00 

Battle With the Slum. By Jacob Riis . 2.00 

Winning of the West. By Theodore Roosevelt 2.50 

Janet Ward. By Margaret Sangster ........ 1.50 

The Americanization of the World. By W. T. Stead . . .1.00 

Expansion. By Josiah Strong 50 

Our Country. By Josiah Strong 60 

The New Era. By Josiah Strong . . . . . .30 

Twentieth Century City. By Josiah Strong 50 

The Hand of God in American History. 

By Robert Ellis Thompson 1.00 

Up from Slavery. By Booker T. Washington 1.50 

Lights and Shadows of a Long Episcopate. By Bishop Whipple 2.50 

Pioneers and Founders in the Mission Field. By C. M. Yonge . 1.75 

Apostle of the North. By Egerton R. Young 1.25 

By Canoe and Dog Train. By Egerton R. Young .... 1.25 

On the Indian Trail. By Egerton R. Young 1.25 

Any of the foregoing sent postpaid on receipt of price 



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A History of the 
American People 



President of 'Princeton University. 

PRESIDENT WOODROW WILSON has devoted the best years of his life to the prepara- 
tion of his great work, "A History of the American People," from the earliest times to the 
accession of President Theodore Roosevelt. The work, which is just completed, is monumental 
in character and scope, represents the genius of the greatest historical writer of the present time, 
and is written in that delightfully flowing style which translates historical facts into the romance 
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every field of human activity has been searched, and hundreds upon hundreds of new portraits, 
prints, maps (in colors), plans, and pictures make the pictorial features alone tell their wonder- 
ful story of the finding of the continent and the birth and growth of what is the United States 
of America. There is a photogravure frontispiece to each volume, and portraits in India tint 
and black. It is a curious fact that there was not a single complete narrative history of the 
United States in existence until now. Dr. Woodrow Wilson's is the first. It is bound in 
dark-blue vellum cloth, leather-stamped, lettered with gold, untrimmed edges, gilt tops, etc. 
The edition is in five volumes, and the price is $25.00. 

^\| ID ^% FFF BS We will send yon the entire set of five volumes, charges pre- 
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Harper's Weekly, Harper's Bazar, or the North American Review. In writing, state which 
periodical you want. Address T. H. M., 


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The Leaven in a Great City 

By LILLIAN W. BETTS. With many unusually interesting 
photographs. Net, $1 .50. 

The effort is made in this book to show the advance in social life among the 
working people in New York. The writer, leaving out of the problem the organ- 
izations created for the purpose of dealing with the incapable, with the victims of 
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in the lives of those who ask for nothing but the opportunity to earn wages. 

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— Brooklyn Eagle. 




372 Fifth Avenue 

New York 



An Illustrated Magazine 
of Travel and Education 


Its scope and character is indicated by the following titles of 
articles that have appeared in recent issues : 

Picturesque Venezuela— Illustrated 
Haunts of Eben Holdeu— Illustrated 
A Journey Among the Stars— Illustrated 
In the Great North Woods— Poem . . 
Beautiful Porto Eico— Illustrated . . 
Iu Rip Van Winkle's Land— Poem . . 
Nature's Chronometer— Illustrated 
Van Arsdale, The Platitudinarian— lllui 
The Three Oregous— Illustrated . . . 
Ancient Prophecies Fulfilled— Illustr'd 
The Stories the Totems Tell— Illustrated 
A Little Country Cousin— Illustrated 
The Mazamas — Illustrated .... 
When Mother Ones Awav— Poem . 
A Little Bit of Holland — Illustrated 
The Romance of Reality— Illustrated 
Samoa and Tutuila— Illustrated . . 
Under Mexican Skies — Illustrated . 
Niagara in Winter — Illustrated . . 
Little HiBtorirs — Illustrated 

Old Fort Putnam 

The Confederate White House . 

The Alamo 

. Frederick A. Ober 
. Del B. Salmon 
. Frank W. Hark 
. Ehen E. Rexford 
Hezekiah Butterwon 
. Minna Irving 
. H. M. Albaugh 
Charles Battel! Loom 
. Alfred Holman 
. George H. Daniels 
. Luther L. Holden 
. Kathleen L. Greig 

Will G. Steel 
1 Joe Cone 
. Charles B. Wells 
Jane W. Guthrie 
Michael White 
. Marin B. Fenwick 
. (irrin E. Dunlap 

William J. Lampton 
Herbert Brooks 
John K. Le Baron 


Can be had of newsdealers, or by addressing 

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Grand Central Station, New York 

Rudolph Len 

62-65 Bible House 
New York 


86 Fourth Avenue 


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JUNE, 1903 

NO. 3 



Our Double Debt 

MAY I doubly emphasize the 
word debt in this collec- 
tion? We owe to our 
Home Missionary Society 
a debt of instant, generous, constant 
support, for this society has bright- 
ened the lustre and enhanced the value 
of every star in our flag. We 
also owe a debt through the So- 
ciety. There are debts which 
paralyze and there are debts which 
transfigure and inspire. Such is this 
ancestral, eternal obligation resting 
upon us as patriots and as Christians 
to bring the message of the Gospel to 
every man among our countrymen, 
and especially to the vast masses of 
the foreign-born now numbered 
among our people. Here is the 
menace to the Republic at the present 
hour; and here, therefore, is the im- 
minent, imperative obligation of the 
Christian churches — an obligation di- 
rectly discharged through our Home 
Missionary Society. 

But over against the greatness of 
the duty is the glory of the assurance 
of the Divine blessing upon the at- 
tempt to discharge it. We are fa- 
miliar with the idea that God in the 
order of history may commission 
special nations for special services. 
The Hebrews were so appointed ; and 
ever since the beginning of the Chris- 
tian era the special charge of God in 
conveying the ark of human freedom 
and Christian faith down the ages 
seems to have been committed to one 
land and nation after another. We 
know the majestic and marvelous 
story. Accordingly, may we not be- 
lieve that here at last, upon our own 
land, loved and sought by the children 
of every clime, with its civil freedom, 
its rapid and mighty industrial life, 
its open arena to every activity, is 
now flashing that age-long revolving 
light of God's choice and command? 
What speaks to our country speaks to 
the world. How instant the urgency 
therefore to pay the debt to humanity, 
when the best possible channel for 



such payment is opened by the provi- 
dence of God ! 

Such, or somewhat such, seems to 
me our double debt; our debt to our 
Society and through it to the country 
— our debt in our country's name to 
the foreign born among us — our debt 
in Christ's name to all. In such a 
service sacrifice is happiness, toil is 
rest. So much to be done for men ! 
So little time to do it in ! Let us 
seize this present pregnant hour in our 
country's history and make it hot and 
bright with a Christian energy, that 
shall in its relation to our honored 
Home Society rise to the great level 
of our double obligation. 


The Missionary Magazine 

I feel impelled to say a word in fav- 
or of the high grade magazine, sug- 
gested by the April issue of the Home 
Missionary, as a means of extending 
missionary news and interest. The is- 
sue referred to is a thing of beauty 
and joy forever. Well edited, well 
printed, fully illustrated and all on 
good paper. I actually read the num- 
ber nearly through. In this day when 
printing has been reduced to an art 
can our missionary societies afford 
to have anything but the best work 
in this line ? It may be a good policy 
to do less printing, but when our so- 
cieties take to paper let the work be 
so attractively done that the eye is 
immediately caught. The successful 
magazines all make much of artistic 
printing and so attractively are the 
advertising pages made that the busy 
reader usually glances even over these. 
Have not our societies in the past been 
"penny wise and pound foolish" in 
the matter of illustrations? Pictures 
cost ; yes, but they speak and preach 
to the young as well as to the old. The 
popular magazines of to-day are 
those most fully illustrated. There 
is no field — as the April number of 

the Home Missionary abundantly 
proves — more fruitful for effective 
illustration than that in which our 
Home Missionary Society is engaged. 
There are two chief avenues of ap- 
proach to the mind — the ear and the 
eye. To gain the attention of people 
and make the deepest impression both 
ways of approach must be utilized. 
For one I most heartily commend 
the movement toward a high class, 
illustrated missionary magazine, be- 
lieving that it will extend the name, 
work and influence of Him whom we 
call Master and Lord. 


A Great Opportunity for the 

Asked to contribute a line to the 
June Home Missionary, I am glad 
to call attention to the noble move- 
ment which is so full of promise of a 
new condition of things among our 
churches. Everybody knows the 
wonderful success of our Methodist 
brethren in raising their twenty- 
million centennial fund, but all may 
not be aware how entirely the success 
of this movement depended upon the 
splendid gifts of a few rich men with 
which the new movement was inaugu- 
rated and its ultimate success assured. 
This is the key to the new move- 
ment. Rich men have come forward 
with individual subscriptions so large 
as to astonish every one not only, but 
to call attention to the fact that rich 
men are recognizing their responsi- 
bility and beginning to give in some 
proportion to their new possessions. 

At the meeting of the Presbyterians 
the other night in this city to inaug- 
urate a local home missionary move- 
ment, $100,000 were asked and raised 
and one half of the whole amount 
was immediately given by three men, 
and $55,000 of the whole came from 
one church. Just now in St. Louis 
a wealthy Congregationalist has 



given $5,000 to start a fund of $20,- 
000 that will pay off all the obligations 
resting upon the smaller churches of 
that city — a deliverance from burden 
which no one can understand except 
those who have had something to do 
with the planting of those churches 
and with the effort to bring them to 
early strength and usefulness, but 
a deliverance which every business 
man can understand who has ever 
been in circumstances in which he 
was compelled to do business under 
the weight of harassing debt. While 
in recent years the country has grown 
so enormously in its wealth, and mil- 
lionaire fortunes have become a com- 
mon occurrence, the most distressing 
fact is that our great missionary so- 
cieties show practically no increase 
in their annual receipts, and the testi- 
mony from all sides is that it is about 
as difficult as ever to support the 
churches. And this in the face of 
all the ingenious devices that have been 
suggested, and all the unceasing pleas 
that are made to induce Christians to 
give more, and also in the face of the 
fact that very notable contributions 
are continually made for exceptional 
philanthropies by a few rich men 
whose names are on every lip. There 
is slight reason to believe that the 
Christian common people are not ani- 
mated by the same spirit which has 
marked their sacrifices in the past. In- 
deed I have reason to know that Chris- 
tians of modest means are as respon- 
sive to the call of the Lord's service, 
and as devotedly generous in their 
giving, as they ever were. They are 
the ones, especially those who are liv- 
ing on fixed salaries, who are not only 
not sharing in the national prosperity, 
but are suffering because of it, for 
the cost of living is increasing all the 
time, and they are finding it harder 
than ever to make ends meet. The 
difficulty is that the men and women 
who have come into the new condi- 
tions of wealth have not awakened 
to any true sense of their privilege 
and their responsibility. They are 
spending luxuriously in all directions 
upon themselves, their homes, their 

jewels, their equipages, their pleas- 
ures, their travel, their children ; they 
know no stint in the lavishness of their 
expenditure. The storekeepers say 
that nothing is too expensive to sell, 
and that indeed only expensive things 
do sell. We may thank God that 
there are signs of their awakening to 
the call of the hour for their gifts in 
large sum to the Lord's service. Here 
and there we have a gift of ten thou- 
sand dollars as a contribution which 
brings great cheer in the executive offi- 
ces. Often it is from some estate ; and 
in any case the comment it awakens 
marks itsinfrequency. It begins now 
to seem that a new day is coming and 
our treasuries are to receive not one or 
two but many contributions from liv- 
ing Christians to whom the Lord has 
lately entrusted great wealth — gifts in 
some proportion to their new estate. 
If this is so, our missionary societies 
will have a call in which every heart 
will rejoice, to go forward and possess 
the land which in so many directions 
has been long crying to them in vain, 
and our churches will be everywhere 
delivered from the burden of debt 
which is costing them in many in- 
stances all but life itself. 


The Missionary Church and 
the Young 

We may easily overlook the work 
that the Home Missionary Society is 
doing for the young. The influence 
of regular attendance at public wor- 
ship, the orderly gathering, the ser- 
vices, the repeated hearing of great 
truths of the Gospel, some personal 
part in the order of worship, the Sun« 
day-school and the other organiza- 
tions directly associated with the 
church, all these are no small factor 
in molding the habits and character 
of the future generation. Many com- 
munities would be deprived of these 
opportunities but for the Home Mis- 
sionary Society. In the older parts 



of the country from which the young 
are going - out, and in the newer parts 
into which they will enter we cannot 
afford to neglect this great but per- 
sistent force for good. It is the clear 
testimony of the years past that many 
young men and women have in these 
churches received impressions, formed 
habits, begun Christian works, which 
have put them at the very van of use- 
fulness in the larger churches after 
they have become rich and strong in 
the great cities. It is much to help 
provide for the older ones in the weak 
places, but it is far more to equip 
and send out the well-trained youth 
to the open possibilities of this age. 
While we are doing so much wisely 
for the education of the young we 
must not forget to foster to the full 
the humble home missionary churches. 


Sunday-School Extension 

The problem of reaching and bind- 
ing to the church a large population 
far away from churchly or Christian 
influence, is still with us. Some are 
scattered widely in rural communities, 
some cannot dress as they wish, some 
have work which detains at the hours 
of church service, while others are 
kept at home on account of ill health 
or in caring for those who are suffer- 
ing, or for the children. To reach 
these many, numbering far more than 
all those who are connected with any of 
our church services, I have been using 
the methods suggested by the "Home 
Department" of our Sunday-school. 
The work I have done myself, inviting 
families to study the most interesting 
book in the world, in fellowship with 
a large army of the best people in the 
world, for which study the best possi- 
ble helps are offered. In my quarter- 
ly visits to leave Lesson Helps and to 
receive their reports and contribu- 
tions for the work, I am able to speak 
words of encouragement and help, of- 
ten securing a new attendance upon 

the church or Sunday-school. Such a 
call with a definite purpose has special 
values. This proposal has been so 
cordially received in so many homes, 
more than seventy families having now 
been engaged to spend at least thirty 
minutes of each week in the study of 
the International Lessons, that I am 
led to believe that many other pastors 
in the use of similar methods might 
carry the life giving word to many 
new homes and hearts. 

-Ztajtey <$ \ Zfc^<_ 


Working on Broad Plans 

That is what our work here in the 
West is. He who is not able to see 
beyond the present will find but little 
of real encouragement. It is only as 
the worker can feel that his labor is a 
part of the great, far-reaching plan 
of a Master mind, that he will have 
the satisfaction that his labor does 
really amount to something in and of 
itself, though to the narrow mind it 
seems to be but fragmentary and in- 
complete. Glancing back over the 
past, our broad-minded, generous- 
spirited worker sees what an import- 
ant part was played by those early 
comers, the men who laid the founda- 
tions ; and he can already see a noble 
structure reared upon the foundations 
which he himself is building here now. 
Oh, the joy of building for coming 
generations ! 

£?S$< (J&cT 2 ^^^ 


The Louisiana Purchase and 
Home Missions 

The Congregational Home Mission- 
ary Society is to be congratulated on 
its new magazine. I wish it and the 
cause it represents every success. We 
have never measured our debt of 
gratitude to this Society nor can we 



ever measure it. Our churches if 
they do any justice to it and its work 
cannot fail to respond heartily to its 

Within a few days the eyes of the 
world have been turned upon St. 
Louis. We have been dedicating the 
World's Fair grounds which form a 
part of our beautiful Forest Park. 
Thursday, April 30th, was perhaps the 
day of deepest interest. It was the 
100th anniversary of the Louisiana 
Purchase, and distinguished guests 
from all parts of the nation were pres- 
ent. But in all that illustrious com- 
pany no one was held in greater es- 
teem by those who knew him, than 
Rev. Dr. William Salter, of Burling- 
ton, Io,wa, one of the two surviving 
members of the Iowa Band. He came 
quietly into the city and did not appear 
as a distinguished guest in any official 
capacity ; nevertheless, he repre- 
sented a power in the development of 
our country which many of us recog- 
nized. One could not help thinking 
during all the brilliant display of 
Thursday of the si 1 ent forces of di- 
vine power and divine love which had 
made our country. With all the ex- 
citements of the day, 30000 people 
in the building of Liberal Arts listen- 
ing to catch the message of our Presi- 
dent and ex-President or the strains 
of the vast chorus as they sang "The 
Heavens are Telling," thoughts deep- 
er than those stirred by the splendor 
of the occasion were moving the 
hearts of many in that tremendous 
audience. The divine factor in our 
history could not be forgotten. 

Friday night in the brilliant display 
of fireworks there was pictured in 
quivering flame the map of our coun- 
try, bounded by its oceans east and 
west and in the center of it the Lou- 
isiana Purchase clearly outlined. It 
was a masterpiece, and called out 
cheer upon cheer from the assem- 
bled thousands. But some of us 
.could not forget how God's provi- 
dence had carved out the Purchase. In 
that outline of flame I could see the 
Home Missionary Society beginning 
its work east of the Hudson; then 

west of the Hudson, beyond the Al- 
leghanies » then west of the Missis- 
sippi and on to the Rockies and the 
Pacific Coast. I could hear among 
the living such men as my brother 
Kingsbury speaking in eloquent 
words from Idaho, my brother San- 
derson from Colorado, and others 
living and working in that very terri- 
tory included in the Louisiana Pur- 
chase. Then came names of ear- 
lier date like Whitman, in that 
same Northwest Territory and down 
to Mexico ; and we said it was not 
the treaty alone that has made those 
States seats of power, but diviner 
forces, and among them one grand 
factor has been our Home Missionary 
Society with its homes, its churches, 
and its schools. 

Truly in the light of history the 
work of our Society cannot fail to 
appeal to business men. It has had 
more to do with the prosperity of our 
country than the steel rail or the elec- 
tric wire. It cannot fail in its patri- 
otic appeal since it has reared patri- 
ots who have made living records 
on the pages of our national history. 
It cannot fail to appeal to Christian 
homes, for never has the Christian 
home had nobler representatives than 
those noble home missionary women, 
like Mary D. Lyman, Cornelia D. 
Condon, and scores of others, who 
have built not only the homes of the 
West but side by side with their hus- 
bands have built the Christian school 
and Christian college. Nor can our 
Society fail to make its appeal to edu- 
cators when it points to the line of col- 
leges stretching from the Atlantic to 
the Pacific and writes a story of their 
birth and growth, the like of which 
no other country under the heavens 
can produce. Our loved Society 
cannot fail in its appeal to those who 
are willing to sacrifice when it calls 
the roll of its martyrs honored in the 
memorials of America. It cannot fail 
to make its appeal to the lovers of the 
church when it is the mother of by 
far the largest fraction of Congre- 
gational churches throughout the land 
east and west. It cannot fail in it§ 



children and in its children's children 
to make its appeal to every good 
work identified with the civil, educa- 
tional and religious development of 
our country. It has written a large 
page in America's history, and let me 
say with emphasis we cannot now, in 
this hour of the country's crisis, when 
forces of the evil and the good are 
in such desperate conflict afford to 
withhold the hand of benevolence or 
the prayer of Christian faith or the 
work of Christian love and sacrifice 
from our Society. Let us rally anew 
in this twentieth century and make 
it a yet more powerful agency for 


?h^<r€~A*l> /U^^^Ca^*^ 


Home Missionaries 

No service was ever more underval- 
ued than that of our Home mission- 
aries. More than forty years ago 
Dr. Richard Cordley declared that to 
some minds the word home had a be- 
littling effect before the word mis- 
sionary, like that of the word hand 
before the word organ. It is possible 
here to mention only two phases of 
their work — the creation of better 
ideals and the power of organization. 

The thoughts of busy men and 
women are lifted above gain and 
pleasure toward the Master, only 
through the words and example of 
living witnesses. The ideals which 
descended to us from heroic ancestors 
become sadly dimmed if not lost in 
the passionate life of the present. 
Many never have any such ideals to 
lose. They long since left behind all 
the reverence they ever had for the 
dignitaries of Church and State, and 
they must find new heroes of a more 
practical sort or pass their days with- 
out faith or aspiration. 

Again, the spirit and the convictions 
of our missionaries give them success 
as organizers. A pastor who was ac- 
cused of building up his church out 
of the former adherents of another 
denomination, replied: "I have used 

only the living stones which I found 
lying around loose." The abundance 
of unused material, so often found, 
is not caused by any scarcity of de- 
nominational zeal, but by the lack of 
that Christ-like spirit which draws 
men together and leads them forward. 
Churches, which like those of the Con- 
gregational order, emphasize local fel- 
lowship ought to achieve great things 
for the promotion of good neighbor- 

A man who was born on home mis- 
sionary ground and has labored more 
than forty years in the ministry in sev- 
eral States where the battle for Chris- 
tian ideas and institutions was hot, has 
seen some great results from the work 
of a few humble men and women. 
Many of them are gone, but their in- 
fluence remains in the very founda- 
tions of a beautiful and expanding 
social order. 


The Christian College and 
Home Missions 

Congregationalism means educa- 
tion. The planting of Congrega- 
tional churches anywhere signifies 
efforts to promote the higher educa- 
tion — founding the Classical Acade- 
my and the college. 

"After God had brought us safe 
to New England," writes the Chron- 
icler of Massachusetts Bay in 1643, 
"and we had budded our houses, 
provided a convenient place for God's 
worship and settled the government, 
one of the first things we longed for 
and looked offer was to advance 
learning and perpetuate it among our 

And so these exiles from English 
Cambridge started the Boston Pub- 
lic Latin School in 1635 and founded 
Harvard College in 1636. 

The spirit of these Fathers of New 
England and of American Congre- 
gationalism has characterized their 
ecclesiastical children in all their wide 
dispersion over the breadth of the 



continent, from that day down to 
the present. Thus the pioneer be- 
ginnings of Hamilton, Western Re- 
serve, Marietta, Oberlin, Wabash 
Illinois, Knox, Beloit, Iowa, Drury, 
Colorado, Pacific, University of Cali- 
fornia at Berkeley, and the rest of the 
shining galaxy of colleges were 
founded or fostered by Congrega- 
tional emigrants and missionaries. 

The fathers founded Harvard 
College that the churches might be 
saved from the leadership of an il- 
literate ministry, "when our pres- 
ent ministers shall have passed 
away." But for the colleges and 
schools planted by our missionaries, 
whence could we have derived the 
supply of ministers and teachers 
whose labors have given to our com- 
munion such molding influence on 
the life and the institutions of the 
mighty commonwealths of the Mid- 
dle West? But for Oberlin and her 
sister colleges how could the American 
Board now find leaders in Evangelistic 
work in China, India and the Isles 
of the Sea? How, otherwise, could 
the ranks of students in our theolog- 
ical seminaries be recruited, New 
England's supply of candidates now 
dwindling year by year towards the 
vanishing point? 

The great colleges of the East and 
the State colleges of the West fur- 
nish relatively few candidates for 
the ministry of our churches. The 
State Colleges, indeed, hardly need 
be reckoned on at all as a source of 
ministerial supply, though thousands 
of young men from our churches are 
among their matriculates. Out of 
256 college men in Congregational 
theological seminaries in the year 
1899, of whom 109 came from the 
colleges of the Northwest, Michigan 
University furnished only two, Wis- 
consin University two, Minnesota 
University one, and Ohio State Uni- 
versity one ; the other State Col- 
leges had not a single representative. 

The pioneer college is a bulwark 
of strength and stability to the en- 
vironing pioneer churches. Officers 

of the college "supply" the pulpits of 
the churches, contribute of their 
means to help the weak, and in not a 
few instances have, by counsel and 
aid, saved our missionary churches 
from extinction. Our Western col- 
leges have generally outranked their 
neighbor institutions in thoroughness 
of instruction and excellence of 
scholarship, and their excellent pub- 
lic repute has reflected honor on the 
churches. The necessities of the col- 
leges have compelled constant ap- 
peals to the churches ,and so church 
and college have come into relations 
of intimate knowlege and sympathy 
to the great advantage of both. 

There are important districts in 
which the permanence of our mission- 
ary churches has depended altogether 
on the colleges and schools planted in 
their midst. Southwest Missouri is 
a case in point. Except here nearly 
all of our missionary work in rural 
Missouri has become extinct, through 
the shifting of populations and the 
prejudices of permanent residents. 
Drury College, founded in 1873, with 
its four affiliated academies, together 
annually drawing a thousand eager 
students from village and hamlet and 
farm, has given prestige and power to 
all our religious work. The New 
England College, sustained at first by 
New England resources, will give 
permanence and power to the New 
England Church, even where the 
"New England Element" in the popu- 
lation is sporadic and weak. 


Reminiscences of Dr. S. 



A Rare Young Man. — In a moun- 
tain town in the year 1853, a young 
minister and his wife undertook the 
work of starting a church. 

About the first thing to be done by 
the minister in all such cases was to 
solicit funds, and then select a loca- 



tion, buy the lumber, nails, and all 
other necessary articles, hire the car- 
penters, oversee the work, pay them 
promptly, and then attend to his prop- 
er duties as a minister. 

This the young pastor did, and in 
this varied line of duty a good many 
interesting things developed. One of 
them was this as he tells it : 

"A young man called at my door 
one day and placed in my hand a 
purse, the contents to be appropriated 
towards building a church. They 
amounted to twenty-five dollars. 

"Several weeks after he came 
again. He told me his plan to lay 
aside every tenth dollar for the Lord. 
He came to this state something 
more than a year before with his 
father. Soon his father sickened and 
died. The young man too had been 
sick and unfortunate in his business ; 
but more recently he had recovered 
his health and had prosecuted his 
work with success. He now gave me 
a handful of money for the same ob- 
ject, which counted out eighty-seven 
dollars, requesting that his name 
should not accompany and that I 
would tell no one from whom it 

There were not many such young 
men in California in the early days, 
but there were a few, perhaps only 
one or two in each church where a 
beginning was made, and their value 
no man can estimate. 

A Strike for Self-Support. — 
In the early days of California the 
cost of living was very high. In the 
mining regions the rent of a very 
small house ranged from sixty to one 
hundred dollars a month. The price 
of flour was from eighteen to twenty 
dollars a barrel, and the price of beef 
from twenty-five to fifty cents a 
pound, other things being in like pro- 

Home missionaries were always 
in an intense hurry to gather con- 
gregations that should support them 
and thus relieve the Societv's treas- 
ury. The transition from depend- 
ence to self-support was sometimes 

trying. Here is an instance that I 
knew of, described at the time, in 
substance as follows : 

"We made up our minds not to 
call on your treasury for another dol- 
lar. It was very much a leap in the 
dark. A new congregation in the shift- 
ing conditions of a mining region was 
not yet well enough organized to look 
after all the things that needed care, 
though they did not realize at first 
what was their part in sustaining 
their young minister and his wife in 
carrying out the resolution they had 

_ "A month or so after this resolu- 
tion had been taken, Dr. made a 

passing call at the parsonage. It was 
time for tea. We invited him to the ta- 
ble and he sat down with us. Soon 
my wife saw his glances over the meal 
that had been provided and began to 
feel a little uneasy. The doctor then 
asked the little girl living with us to 
bring some more butter. She went 
out and reported 'no more.' 

"The doctor asked for bread. She 
said there was no more. He then took 
his leave rather abruptly, but re- 
turned soon with a handful of gold 
coin, saying, that was to pay for his 
bread and butter. The next day he 
called again with fifty or sixty "dol- 
lars, and we were never short of bread 
and butter from that day to this. 

"Awhile afterwards came a fire and 
devoured our little home. God gave 
the mother strength to save her little 
girls even as the fire of the burning- 
house fell on her tracks. There we 
stood and watched the fire, stood and 
realized our houseless and homeless 
condition ; and yet I cannot say that 
we realized it. Sixteen houses "in al- 
most sixteeen minutes were opened 
to us, and by the prompt and gener- 
ous liberality of our people, there 
stands now on the ruins and ashes of 
the old, a larger and better house. 
Need we say that we love this peo- 
ple ?" 





The Annual Meeting 

ABOUT the time when this num- 
ber reaches our readers the 
home missionary forces will 
be gathering in beautiful 
Providence, for the seventy-seventh 
annual meeting of the Society. 
By a happy coincidence the Rhode 
Island Home Missionary Society 
is to celebrate its centennial at 
the same time and the two anniversa- 
ries will be observed together. Such 
an event demonstrates in the happiest 
possible manne- the absolute oneness 
of State and National Home Missions. 
What questions may spring up at an 
annual meeting it is never safe to pre- 
dict. But three issues at least might 
reasonably claim consideration at 

First, the threatening aspect of for- 
eign immigration. The first ten days 
of April brought to the port of New 
York an aggregate of foreigners equal 
to the average of an entire spring 
month, one of those days touching the 
unprecedented total of over 10,000. 
Even more significant than its volume 
is the character of these latest comers ; 
Irish, German, Scandinavian immi- 
grants declining rapidly, while Italian, 
Austrian and Russian are increasing 
from ten to thirty per cent. Home 
missions has a large interest in these 
conditions, and happily a larger hope 
in dealing with them than ever before. 
Read the inspiring story of Dr. 
Schauffler on another page. In less 
than twenty years what seemed like a 
forlorn hope in 1883 had outgrown 
the stage of experiment. The power 
of the Gospel to transform the most 
hopeless foreigners into Christian 
men and women and into loyal Ameri- 
can citizens has been demonstrated 
beyond all question. And what is 
true of the Slavic Department is 
equally true of the German and Scan- 
dinavian work. Would it be more 

than a just recognition of an undoubt- 
ed fact if the churches at this critical 
moment should empower the Society 
to double the apportionment now made 
to its Foreign Departments and pledge 
themselves to stand behind the pro- 
posed advance ? 

Second, the lack of men. The same 
cry comes from every State in the mis- 
sionary belt, the laborers are few. 
Where are the bands of consecrated 
students in our theological seminaries 
to-day? Every such band in the past 
has created an era in home missionary 
history. It has been thirteen years 
since the Washington Band, the last 
of the series thus far, went forth from 
Yale. Most of them are yet laboring 
in their chosen field. They made no 
mistake. They are a growing power 
in the Northwest. But where are their 
successors? Opportunities for similar 
bands are not wanting and great re- 
wards of service are assured. Has 
faith failed? Is consecration dead? 
These are questions for discussion 
and action at the annual meeting. It 
is a good omen that for the first time 
at a Home Missionary Anniversary 
the relation of our young people to the 
work of the Society is to be recognized 
at Providence. We cannot but hope 
that many a young man in attendance 
upon this meeting will find his heart 
kindling with enthusiasm for home 
missionary service beyond New Eng- 
land and New York. 

Finally, the question of ways and 
means is always with us and pressing 
just now with overwhelming force. 
Ten years of famine in home mission- 
ary receipts have ended and for the 
first time since 1893 the treasury is un- 
burdened with debt. It has been a 
saddening decade of retrenchments 
and denials, in which the main ques- 
tion of the Committee has been not 
how to advance, but how to stand 
still with the least possible harm to the 
work. How long can a home mis- 



sionary society hold this attitude while 
doors of opportunity open on every 
side and while the whole world of 
Christian endeavor is pressing on? It 
is a serious question for our churches 
to consider at this time whether and 
how they will equip their Society for 
its part in evangelizing America. An- 
nual meetings are valuable for fellow- 
ship, for information, for inspiration, 
but they fail in their supreme purpose 
if they do not plan methods of advance 
and devise ways and means of carry- 
ing them out. 

Denominational Competition 

The following complaint from a 
missionary of this Society furnishes 
a striking illustration of the need, 
described in the May number, of some 
system of arbitration between the vari- 
ous missionary boards. 

"A Methodist minister preached in town 
on April 5th. taking away quite a number 
of our worshippers. Inasmuch as the town 
is very small (150 inhabitants or there- 
abouts), it would be impossible to support 
two churches adequately, and as ours was 
the first in the field, it seems as if it ought 
to live. The people are mostly intelli- 
gent Americans and have been enthusiastic 
in their zeal for the church until very re- 
cently ; but since the incoming of this M. 
E. clergyman (once in two weeks of late, 
and he has announced that this will con- 
tinue until further notice), some seem 
ready to withdraw and there is fear on 
the part of the loyal members that the work 
may have to be transferred to that other 
church, which is so plainly violating all 
rules of Christian comity. One church in 
such a locality as this can do great good, 
but to have more than one seems little 
short of criminal." 

We do not assume to pass judgment 
on the merits of this case. Any at- 
tempt to do so would be biased by a 
partial knowledge of the facts. We 
do not believe that these Methodist 
Christians are deliberately seeking to 
destroy or to weaken a Congregational 
mission. Such a suspicion would be 
too monstrous to entertain. Still less 
do we believe that the Methodist 
Board or the churches that control its 
work would defend for a moment any 

such attempt. It is easy to make such 
a charge. We have ourselves been 
accused of overreaching to our neigh- 
bor's harm when such intention was 
the furthest possible from the fact. 
The incident to our view illustrates 
this simple truth, that the most praise- 
worthy Christian zeal may sometimes 
be without wisdom and in need of 
counsel. Hence the importance 
among churches with differing faith 
and polity of some well defined provi- 
sion for the arbitration of doubtful 
questions. Were such an arrange- 
ment in effect to-day between the 
Methodist and the Congregational 
Board of Missions, this painful issue, 
instead of being a matter of com- 
plaint on the one side and of justifica- 
tion on the other, would have the ad- 
vantage of careful review by two com- 
petent courts ; first, the local court 
made up of intelligent judges famil- 
iar with the needs and prospects of 
the community. Should this court 
fail to agree, a thing not impossible 
if personal preferences ran strong on 
both sides, another court would still 
be available at the headquarters in 
New York where a calmer and more 
dispassionate review of the facts 
could be had. It is almost certain 
under this two-fold investigation 
that a just verdict would be reached 
satisfying to all parties and promotive 
of brotherly love. For the lack of 
such system the sense of wrong appar- 
ent in the complaint above quoted, 
may become chronic, Christian breth- 
ren may be alienated without just 
cause and the church of Christ suffer 
a reproach which it does not deserve. 
Wherefore, let us arbitrate ! 

First Fruits 

It was with some trembling but with 
more hope that we ventured, in recon- 
structing the Home Missionary, to in- 
troduce a new department and give it 
a place of honor in the magazine. For 
a long time it has been evident that a 
link was missing between the stronger 
churches of our order and the feebler 



members of the body at the West and 
South ; not a lack of sympathy, for 
that has never been doubted, but the 
lack of some adequate expression of 
that sympathy in the monthly issue 
of the Society. This want has been 
signally met by "Friends who have 
a Thought." Touching letters from 
home missionary pastors already re- 
veal how real was the lack and how 
helpful to them have been the re- 
sponses called forth by this depart- 
ment. These thoughts of friends 
whom they have seldom seen but have 
always honored as religious leaders, 
have been like personal hand grasps, 
cheering, heartening and inspiring 
the workers. This cheer and strength 
have followed them into the study and 
into the pulpit. One pastor writes : 
"I got a whole sermon out of one of 
these thoughts." The missionary is a 
better preacher and pastor for this 
new-felt throb of sympathy, and his 
people are already reaping the benefit. 
"Friends who have a Thought" may 
reasonably ask themselves if by any 
other equal expenditure of time and 
labor they are likely to multiply their 
influence to a higher degree than by 
flashing their best thought- through 
the columns of the Home Missionary 
to the man at the front. 

Other departments, if we may judge 
from many approving letters, have 
found a welcome, especially "Our 
Country's Young People" and "Wom- 
an's Part." The "Open Parliament" 
has not thus far tempted many con- 
tributors. We hope they are getting 
up courage to speak out in "fair and 
friendly" spirit the thing they wish to 
say. We are still open for the crit- 
icism of our friends and their help- 
ful suggestions. The only comment 
as yet that can be called critical comes 
from our esteemed co-worker The 
Congregationalist, although we can 
hardly monopolize a fault which this 
paper claims, is common to all mission- 
ary magazines, namely, the lack of 
missionary news. We have often felt 
this want ourselves, and have taken 
steps to supply it in future numbers 
of The Home Missionary. 

That Need 

We desire to recall the attention of 
our readers to the "Thought" ex- 
pressed by Dr. Morgan of Jamaica 
Plain, in the May number of the 
magazine. In our judgment no more 
important suggestion has thus far 
been made. It is not absolutely new. 
Some years ago Dr. Lyman Abbott 
advocated a similar proposition in a 
letter addressed to the Executive Com- 
mittee. Dr. Morgan also informs us 
that the experiment has been success- 
fully tried in Illinois. The practical 
difficulties are very great, but in view 
of its immense importance, is it not 
worth a careful consideration whether 
it be not possible to bring the strong 
preachers of the denomination into per- 
sonal touch with the feeble and often 
discouraged churches of the country 

It is no disparagement of the average 
ministry to confess what is so evident, 
that certain men gifted by nature with 
large imagination, spiritual insight, 
and powers of utterance, and with that 
nameless quality called magnetism and 
which is so difficult to analyze, tower 
above the mass as mountain peaks 
above the range. Such men, of course 
will be claimed by the great cities, and 
as Dr. Morgan points out, the whole 
land is sifted by the city churches for 
these exceptional preachers. To them 
that hath shall be given, and people 
favored already with the highest intel- 
lectual, esthetic and social privileges, 
will monopolize the most gifted spir- 
itual teachers. 

The question is, how can these 
crowned interpreters of truth be made 
available to any extent for the inspira- 
tion of churches which need the up- 
lift of such ministrations as much as 
the cities, can appreciate them as 
warmly and are destitute of almost 
every means of intellectual and spir- 
itual culture. If this question were 
one for the preachers to answer we 
believe there would be an instant and 
generous response. It is, however, to 
be solved by the city churches them- 
selves. How many of them would 



spare their idolized ministers for one 
month or two months to go on a 
preaching tour among the prairie 
churches of Dakota and Nebraska, or 
through the still crude settlements of 
Oklahoma? It would mean sacrifice; 
but such sacrifice would not be without 
precedent. Years before the first home 
missionary society was organized, the 
churches of Connecticut sent their 
ablest pastors into the new settlements 
of the West, six weeks at a time, pay- 
ing their expenses and supplying the 
vacant pulpits in their absence, all for 
the love of men, women and children 
destitute of the Gospel. The same de- 
gree of destitution does not now ex- 
ist, yet a real want there is to-day 
for a certain ministration of the Gos- 
pel, which can be supplied only by a 
real sacrifice on the part of our strong- 
er churches. 

We are writing these lines with a 
sermon fresh in memory, delivered by 
the pastor of one of our large Con- 
gregational churches. The theme was 
plain, almost commonplace, — "The 
Wisdom of Godliness." But as the 
preacher developed his thought, laid 
down his propositions, buttressed 
them with facts and illustrations, drove 
home the truth with appeals in sim- 
ple but eloquent English, the great 
congregation seemed to bow under the 
speaker's power like a field of wheat 
before a strong wind. Truths as old 
as the world came to them like a fresh 
revelation from heaven. God be 
praised for such power ! The Gospel- 
feasted cities need it, and how much 
more the lonely, half-starved, dispir- 
ited and almost despairing country 
churches. Even one such message in 
a year would be to them a priceless 

A Double Number 

It is our present purpose to combine 
the July and August numbers of the 
Home Missionary in one, making a 
double number though not probably 

of double size. This is done for two 
reasons; first, because more room is 
needed for a satisfactory report of 
the Annual Meeting, and, secondly, 
because a separate August number, 
owing to the wide dispersion of our 
readers in mid-summer, is almost 
thrown away. It is probable also that 
the departments may be modified or 
omitted in this number by the demands 
of the Annual meeting. We have 
no doubt, however, of being able to 
promise an issue of unusual inter- 
est and one of permanent value for 

An Experiment 

Now and then, not often, a reader 
complains of the space occupied by 
our printed receipts. We confess at 
times to having shared this feeling. 
But a second thought reminds us that 
the receipts have in all probability 
more readers than any other depart- 
ment of the magazine. Every item 
on these crowded pages has at least 
one reader; many of them have more 
than one. Upon reflection, therefore, 
we would be glad to double the space 
occupied by receipts and wil 1 do so 
with pleasure if our friends will be 
kind enough to try us in this way. 
Condensation, however, may be pos- 
sible without confusion or injury. 
This matter now costs per page three 
times as much as any other matter in 
the magazine. For the sake of econ- 
omy both in money and in space, we 
submit to our readers in this issue a 
new system, hoping for their careful 
judgment and final approval. In sav- 
ing room we have sought not to sacri- 
fice clearness. The alphabetical order 
is easy to follow and the bold faced 
type catches the eye. Give this new 
method a patient trial, after which we 
trust our givers will be satisfied with 
the change and will find the new mat- 
ter thus made possible a full equiv- 
alent for any inconvenience. 






CONTRASTS are often instruc- 
tive. In May of 1901 there 
met in Chicago in the Beth- 
lehem Church building of 
the Congregational Bohemian Mis- 
sion an interdenominational con- 
ference of Slavic missionaries and 
pastors. The writer, who at- 
tended it, was much struck with 
the contrast between what that 
conference stood for and the state 
of things, as he knew it when, 
eighteen and a half years before, 
he commenced missionary work single- 
handed for the 25,000 spiritually desti- 
tute Bohemians of Cleveland. 

Then, as far as he had been able 
to learn, the only other Protestant 
workers for Bohemians or other Slav- 
ic peoples in this country, were a 
Bohemian theological student in New 
York City, who ministered to a small 
Presbyterian Bohemian church there, 
a Bohemian Reformed Church pastor 
in Iowa, who served the few scattered 

Bohemian Protestant churches in six 
states, and a Bohemian Reformed 
Church pastor in Texas. The Chi- 
cago conference of forty-six members 
represented a body of 103 Slavic mis- 
sionary workers, viz. : 64 pastors and 
preachers, 14 single lady missionaries, 
and 25 missionary students, with 49 
churches in 13 states, belonging to 
five denominations. The whole spirit 
of the conference was admirable, the 
addresses interesting and instruc- 
tive, the reports encouraging, the de- 
votional meetings tender and inspir- 
ing. The contrast with the condi- 
tion of things eighteen years before 
was most cheering. Of the statis- 
tics just given, it might be affirmed 
what a good German brother once 
said to Secretary Wm. A. Duncan, 
"I don't laiksh shtatistics, but I 
laiksh yoor shatishtics, dey zounds 
laik poeetree !" 

Take another contrast, suggested 
by the picture given above of the 



Clevelana Slavic Mission workers and 
the teachers in the Bethlehem Bible 
and Missionary Training School. 
When the writer commenced mission- 
ary work for the Bohemians of Cleve- 
land in 1882, the outlook was any- 
thing but bright. With hardly an 
exception the adults, born Roman 
Catholics, were either under strict 
priestly rule, or, feeling the influ- 
ence of American ideas of liberty, 
without learning of any truer Chris- 
tianity than that imposed on them by 
Rome, had thrown off the priestly 
yoke and become skeptics or infidels. 
Larger earnings led in many cases to 
larger indulgence in drinking and 
harmful amusements. The segrega- 
tion of the Bo- 
hemians in large 
colonies tended 
to foster a clan- 
nish spirit. Bo- 
hemian work- 
ing men came 
chiefly into 
contact w i t h 
the worst class- 
es of Amer- 
icans, w h o 
taught t h e m 
English profan- 
ity and the cus- 
tom of standing treat in the saloon. 
Christian work undertaken single- 
handed in such conditions showed no 
bright signs of promise. But, being 
a part of God's plan for the evange.- 
ization of the vast foreign element 
which, with the children of the first 
generation, forms 38.5 per cent, of the 
white population of the United States, 
it could not but succeed. Where- 
unto the little seed has grown the 
above mentioned picture suggests. 
The one little Bohemian service held 
during the first two years successively 
in a slum region mission chapel, the 
back room of the M. E. Mission 
church, and a small and dirty political 
wigwam, has grown to four stations 
in the four chief Slavic districts, 
housed, three of them in church build- 
ings belonging to the mission, and one 
in the East Madison Ave. Congrega- 

tional Church. In these four stations 
there were held during the last mis- 
sionary year 35 weekly preaching 
services and other meetings, includ- 
ing four Sunday schools, 7 C. E. So- 
cieties, boys' and girls' clubs, sewing 
and cooking schools (during a part 
of the year), with an average weekly 
attendance of 1,304.85 Where at the 
outset the writer sought for months 
before he met one converted Bohe- 
mian, there are now two churches 
with a membership of 230. Of these 
the mother church (Bethlehem) con- 
sists of four parts, viz. : at the center, 
a Bohemian part .ministered to in the 
Bohemian language by its pastor, 
Rev. John Prucha, himself a fruit of 
this mission; an 
English part, 
consisting o f 
those y oung 
Bohemians who 
prefer English 
services and of 
other English- 
speaking per- 
sons; at Mizpah 
Chapel, a Pol- 
ish part, served 
bv our Polish 


m 1 s s 1 o n a ry, 
Rev. Paul Fox; 
at East Madison Ave. Congrega- 
tional Church what is virtually a 
Bohemian branch church, for which 
services are held in Bohemian. In 
Mizpah Chapel Bohemian services are 
held and the Sunday-school and C. E. 
meetings are conducted in English. 
In Cyril Church, in the midst of the 
large West Side Bohemian colony, 
Rev. John Musil is missionary pastor 
and conducts the work chiefly in Bo- 
hemian. ( )f the missionary force, be- 
sides those just named, are Miss Ella 
Hobart, who works among Poles 
whose language she speaks ,and Miss 
Marie Reitinger who labors for Bohe- 
mians in Mizpah and East Madison 
Ave. fields. Both these ladies also 
teach in the Bethlehem Bible and Mis- 
sionary Training School which grew 
out of the need for trained Slavic fe- 
male missionaries, but which now re- 



ceives and trains pupils of various 
nationalities, native and foreign, and 
of which Mrs. Mills is principal and 
Miss Stern matron. Mrs. Mills does 
voluntary work for the young people 
of Bethlehem field. At the Central 
friendly Inn of the Non-Partisan W. 
C. T. U., pupils of our training school 
are doing valuable work for the 
Slovak (Hungarian Slavic) popula- 
tion, which abounds in that part of the 
city. This is virtually a fifth Slavic 
mission station. The insignificant be- 
ginning of 1882 has grown into a net- 
work of stations at strategic points, 
reaching the large main settlements 
of Bohemians, Poles and Slovaks in 

The best proof of the value of 
Christian work is the character of 
those whom it wins to Christ. The mis- 
sionary spirit of the young people of 
Bethlehem Church is shown by the 
fact that twenty of them have given 
themselves to missionary work, home 
and foreign. The first converted Bo- 
hemian I found in Cleveland was 
Miss Bertha Juengling. Won for 
Christ in a Presbyterian church, she 
had been drawn back into the mael- 
strom of worldly influences by unbe- 
lieving friends, but gladly joined me 
in Sunday-school work. With great 
difficulty she gained her family's per- 
mission to prepare herself for mis- 
sionary work, studied a while in 
Northfield, Mass., then in the Bethle- 
hem Bible and Missionary Training 
School where she acquired Polish. In 
Toledo, Ohio, she labored heroically 
and overmuch, in spite of great oppo- 
sition from the Polish priest, and lost 
her health. Soon after she married 
Rev. R. W. Harris. They worked 
several years with much blessing in 
Iowa H. M. fields, where she devel- 
oped such ability as a preacher that 
she was ordained. Called to Cincin- 
nati they took charge of the old Storrs 
Church and a younger church, both 
in a very critical condition. By God's 
blessing on their unremitting labors 
those churches have been saved and 
become a power for good in the com- 
munities they are leavening with the 

Gospel, one of over 10,000 souls with- 
in half a mile of the Storrs Church. 

Thus it is that Christian work for 
our foreign parentage population 
proves an invaluable help in our 


home missionary work for English 
speaking people. 

How the missionary work for Bo- 
hemians is strengthening our churches 
for foreign missionary work is beauti- 
fully illustrated in the young couple 
Rev. and Mrs. Lewis Hodoush, whose 
pictures are here given. Both were 
born of parents who belonged former- 
ly to the Roman Catholic Church. The 
first of the Hodoush family to be con- 
verted was the oldest daughter Anna. 
With great love and self-denial she 
planned to have her bright young 
brother sent to public school again af- 
ter he had been put to work in a shop, 
though at first it seemed to prevent 
her entering our training school to fit 
herself for missionary work. But 
through the generosity of an Ameri- 
can gentleman, the boy's Sunday- 
school teacher in Bethlehem, the par- 
ents were enabled to send the boy to 



school again and Anna entered on 
training for missionary work in which 
she afterwards engaged with excel- 
lent results among Slovaks in Penn- 
sylvania. The brother graduated with 
honor in the high school class and 
then took the highest honor in Adal- 
bert College. In Harvard Theologi- 
cal Seminary he won distinction by 
his Christian character and eminent 
success in study, and earned a scholar- 
ship for a year's study in Germany. 
Returning in 1901 he married Miss 
Anna Jelinek, a graduate of Oberlin 
College and school teacher, who was 
also converted in connection with our 

formerly Roman Catholics, let me 
present to you two little Bohemian 
girls, whose father is still intemper- 
ate, but whose mother, not long ago 
very far from living a Christian life or 
making her home a blessing to her 
family, is now a very earnest and 
faithful follower of Christ, and longs 
and prays for the conversion of her 
husband and children. She is a fruit 
of the East Madison Ave. work. 

Let us now take a look at some 
fruit of missionary work for Bohe- 
mians in a country village in Minne- 
sota. When in Oct. 1885 I had, in 
Plvmouth church, St. Paul, sdven 


Bethlehem Mission, in which she was 
very active. At the 1901 meeting of 
the American Board, in Hartford, 
Conn., this young couple stood on the 
platform with a goodly number of 
other young missionaries about to 
start for foreign fields, a notable and 
touching proof of the intimate con- 
nection between home and foreign 
missionary work and of the way in 
which Christian effort for our foreign 
parentage population in this country 
strengthens our hands for carrying on 
our missionary work in other lands. 

Having given an instance of a very 
successful home missionary won from 
the midst of a worldly and unbeliev- 
ing family, and another of two for- 
eign missionaries whose parents were 

some account of the Bohemian people 
and their tragic history, a large Prot- 
estant Bohemian family, name Bo- 
check, greeted me as they stood 
around me before the pulpit. They 
were the first Bohemians I had met in 
Minnesota and have since been the 
main stay of our Bohemian mission in 
St. Paul. Their picture here presented 
is that of a typical Protestant Bohe- 
mian family, intelligent, thrifty and 
enterprising. The oldest daughter 
(on the left end of the picture), was 
for some Years a missionarv of the C. 
H. M. S. They first told" me of the 
Bohemian village of Silver Lake, 
Minn., 60 miles west of St. Paul. In 
August 1887, I visited it and was cor- 
dially received. I found a neat little 



church building and a church organi- 
zation which had never had a pastor 
and had no prospect of finding any. I 
preached Sunday morning on Christ's 
healing of the sick woman on his way 
to Jairus' house. That afternoon I 
sat under a tree by the shore of the 
pretty little lake and taught a young 
man, whom I had heard lead the sing- 
ing of the children's catechism class in 
slow old-country choral time, how to 
sing Sunday-school tunes in a livelier 
and more attractive way. Then I 
asked him about his spiritual state. 
The tears came to his eyes as he told 
me of the impression the morning's 
sermon had made on him and listened 
to the invitation given then and there 
to trust Christ wholly for salvation. 
From that time he has been a faithful 
and active Christian worker. Pre- 
vented by family circumstances from 
studying for the 
ministry, he has 
been an effective 
preacher of right- 
eousness by life 
and deed. He 
kept his store 
closed on Sun- 
day and would 
not sell tobacco. 
He puts one- 
third of his in- 
come into the Lord's treasury. Not 
long ago he and his younger brother 
began bee-culture. The first year 
their fifteen hives netted them $10 
apiece, while the average for hives in 
Minnesota was $3 apiece. The Lord's 
bees made three and a half times as 
much as the common ones. 

This spirit of giving characterizes 
the whole church to which this brother 
belongs, and which, under the 
ministrations successively of Rev. 
John Prucha, now of Cleveland, 
Rev. V. Prucha, now of our 
Chicago Bohemian Mission, and Rev. 
P. Reitinger, for many years its 
pastor, has developed an activity and 
zeal which might well serve to stimu- 
late many an older church to "go and 
do likewise." In the Congregational 
Year Book for 1902 we find that that 

Silver Lake, Minn. 


church of 120 members, mostly farm- 
ers in quite moderate circumstances, 
had given $523 to missionary and be- 
nevolent objects, of which $190 to the 
Home Missionary 
Society and $196 
for foreign mis- 
sions, while wholly 
supporting itself 
with an outlay of 
$757. Of the young 
people of the 
church, six have 
devoted themselves 
to missionary work. 
The cut represents the church 
building erected by the people 
without help from others when 
their number and financial strength 
was much smaller than now. A 
good parsonage stands near it, free 
from debt. The spire in the distance 
is that of a large Polish Catholic 

In far-off Virginia, in Begonia, 
twelve miles east of Petersburgh, 
more fruit of the Silver Lake work is 
found. Once, when riding from Sil- 
ver Lake to the railroad station in the 
mail wagon, I conversed on religion 
with the mail carrier, a young Bohe- 
mian, and the passengers. After 
reaching the station I had a chance 
to speak alone and pray with the car- 
rier. Years afterwards I learned that 
the words then spoken had fallen into 
good soil. That proved a turning 
point in the young man's life. He 
felt called to devote himself to mission- 
ary work, and though married and 
having children, en- 
tered on a course of 
study in the Slavic 
Department oi Ober- 
lin Seminary. He is 
now pastor of the 
Slavic Congregation- 
al Church in Bego- 
nia, one of whose 
largest families were 
the first Bohemian 
settlers in that place having moved thi- 
ther from Silver Lake, where they 
helped to build the church just men- 
tioned. Another S'lver Lake family 




followed, also one of our Cleveland 
Bohemian families, and quite a number 
of Slovac families from our Braddock 
Slovak Congregational Church also 
bought cheap used-up lands in Bego- 
nia and vicinity and all are setting the 
lazy blacks and labor-contemning 
whites an admirable example of the 
blessing of thrift 
and honest work. 
That church, the 
third or fourth 
Congregat i o n a 1 
church in Vir- 
ginia, shows how 
the work of our 
foreign Slavic ele- 
ment can help 
build up Congre- 
gationalism in the 
South, and solve 
the vexed indus- 
trial problem in 
those parts. 

It was a de- 
lightful sight when, at my last 
visit to Begonia, on Sunday morn- 
ing I saw the worshippers coming 
in from all sides in wagons and on 
foot to the little church in the forest 
which they had built. And it was in- 
spiring to see how the congregation 
which filled the building listened ear- 
nestly to the Gospel message, partook 
reverently of the Lord's Supper, and 



joined heartily in the skiging, led by 
a choir of young people who used to 
sing in the choir of our Bethlehem 
Church in Cleveland. It suggested a 
train of far-reaching influences ; first 
a few hearers in the slum chapel in 
Cleveland and a young Catholic 
Bohemian converted; a Sabbath visit 
in Silver Lake, 
Minn.; that young 
brother preaching 
there once a 
month for two 
years, followed by 
his brother and 
the present pas- 
tor, a living and 
giving church the 
result; one o f 
its families re- 
moving to Vir- 
ginia, followed by 
others from Min- 
nesota and Penn- 
sylvania w here 
missionary work was started by a 
young woman converted in our 
Cleveland mission (see above) ; a 
church formed, served by the con- 
verted Silver Lake mail-carrier, and 
letting its light shine among blacks 
and whites in a former slave state, 
and with its Gospel privileges at- 
tracting Slavic settlers from both 
sides of the Atlantic. 




T> EV. JOSEPH JELINEK, our missionary to the 
Bohemians at Milwaukee, writes under date of 
jlpril 2$th: " This last quarter we have had the 
pleasure to see the fruit of our hard work more clearly 
than at any time before. On Easter Sunday we received 
seven new members in our church, six on confession of 
faith and one by letter of recommendation. Of these are 
two men with their wives, two young girls and one 
lady of middle age. We hope that her husband, on 
whom we have already some influence, will in time follow 
her. " 

William Salter, d.d 

The two surviving 
members of the 
famous Iowa Band. 

Ephraim Adams, d.d 

in Brooklyn, N. Y., No- 
vember 21st, 1821; grad- 
uated from Columbia, 
1840 ; from Andover Theological Sem- 
inary, 1843 > went as a home mission- 
ary to Maquoketa, Jackson County, 
Iowa, the same year. There he la- 
bored till 1846, when he accepted a 
call to the Congregational Church at 
Burlington. In August of that year 
he was married, and in December in- 
stalled as pastor. Here has been his 
life work for over half a century, a 
faithful and beloved minister, a citizen 
useful and honored, the author of 
many valuable books mainly of history 
and biography. At the end of thirty- 
six years after faithful efforts to meet 
the demands of a growing church, in 
a growing city, of a growing State, 
he was partially relieved by a kind and 
thoughtful people who since 1882 
have furnished helpers in the work. 

The year 1896 brought them to 
the joyous day when they celebrated 
the fiftieth anniversary of their union. 
A few years from this brings us to the 
present. The young Home Mission- 
ary now in his eighty-third year, a fa- 
ther in the ministry, is still busy 
among his people, in his study, and 
busy in the preparation of a history 
of Iowa. May God spare him to com- 
plete the story of the wonderful 
growth of a commonwealth which he 
himself has seen, himself in it, and 
of it. 

Ephraim Adams, D.D. 

in New Ipswich, N. H., Feb- 
ruary 5th, 1818; graduated 
at Dartmouth College, 1839; 
taught schpol part 'of one year in 
Virginia; graduated at Andover, 
1843; arrived in Iowa Territory, 
October 23d, 1843; ordained at 
Denmark at the first meeting of 
the Denmark Association, November 
5th, 1843 I home missionary at Mount 
Pleasant one year ; married Miss 
Sarah A. Douglass, at Hanover, N. 
H., September 6th, 1845; pastor at 
Davenport, 1844-55 5 one °f the 
original trustees of Iowa College, first 
located in Davenport, 1848; agent of 
Iowa College and of Western College 
Society, 1856; pastor at Decorah, 
1857-71 ; Superintendent of Ameri- 
can Home Missionary Society in 
Iowa, 1872-81 ; pastor at Eldora, 
1883-89; his home since at Water- 
loo, cherishing a care of the churches 
and of the Iowa College, in warm 
sympathy with his brethren in the 
ministry, attending Associational 
Meetings. He installed the third 
President of Iowa College, Dan P. 
Bradley, D.D., in office June nth, 

Says Willard Barrow, Esq. : "His 
uniform: kindness to all, and per- 
suasive manner as a minister, his 
daily walk among his fellow men, 
and his untarnished Christian char- 
acter, entitle him to the love and 
respect of all." 

William Salter, D.D. 



T? ACH true disciple of Christ will aim to do all that 
^^ he can to take the Gospel to all men. Christian 
young men and women in whom this purpose is masterful 
are the sincere allies of Christ. u Ye are my friends," 
He said, " if ye do whatsoever I command you." 


WHEREVER young people 
are deeply interested in 
the mighty cause of mis- 
sions their interest can 
in most cases be accounted for by 
the work of a wise leader. Two or 
three devoted young men or women 
in any church or young people's so- 
ciety, who are alert, thoughtful and 
enterprising, have it in their power 
to lead forward scores of less experi- 
enced disciples of Christ. 

•? *»» •? 

Leadership demands, first of all, 
a character that is genuine. Nothing 
can take the place of inner trueness, 
of sincerity, of lofty motives. A per- 
son's real self speaks in tones so loud 
that his words, if they are not in har- 
monv with his life, are unheard. 

Then, too, the Christian mission- 
ary leader must be familiar with the 
best methods for creating and main- 
taining a practical interest in missions. 
He must know thoroughly the best 
books on tested ways of doing things. 
He must keep the work which he leads 
out of ruts. To this end he will read 
regularly and attentively the official 
periodical of the Young People's so- 
ciety which he represents. He will 
become thoroughly acquainted with 
the literature of the mission boards of 

the church. He will be prompt to 
invest money in the latest works of 
the most approved writers on mission 

*S IE H 

He will aim for definite results. 
There will be on his part a determin- 
ation to bring things to pass. Meth- 
ods that do not work will be set aside. 
The continuous purpose of his life 
will be to bring himself and all his as- 
sociates up to a higher standard of 
life and more efficient effort. 


The most valuable leaders are do- 
ers. They subordinate speech to deeds. 
In the world of politics to-day the 
two most conspicuous and triumphant 
leaders are men of exceedingly few 

»? R *» 

What we have said directly bears 
upon the promotion of interest in mis- 
sions in the churches of the present 
time. As a correspondent said in this 
department last month, the great cause 
of indifference is ignorance. Young 
people do not take a deeper interest 
in missions because they have never 
been led to see the importance of mis- 
sion effort. They do not feel the ne- 
cessity of giving to the cause of mis- 
sions, because they have not been 
taught the joy and privilege of count- 
ing themselves Christian stewards. A 
vast educational movement among - the 



young people of the churches is a ne- 
cessity, and this can best be carried 
on by individual members of Young 
Peoples' societies, who, called of God 
and desirous of making the most pos- 
sible out of their lives, will fit them- 
selves by study and thought, to direct 
the energies of others. 


It is not now too early to plan for the 
missionary campaign of your young 
people's society for next fall and win- 
ter. A carefully wrought out pro- 
gramme, announced in June, and be- 
gun early in the fall, will prove a 
strong factor in arousing interest and 
in producing large results. It is the 
Missionary Committee who most 
promptly and wisely plan their cam- 
paign who win the greatest successes. 

»? H H 

Will you make your mission meet- 
ings next fall and winter of intenser 
interest and larger profit ? What means 
will you use to accomplish this? Will 
you have a mission study class? If so, 
who shall lead it? What course of 
study will you follow ? How will you 
secure a large enrollment? In what 
way will you seek to maintain the in- 
terest to the end? 

H 16 * 

These are questions that all wide- 
awake missionary committees will con- 
sider and definitely answer now. The 
work of widening the Kingdom of 
Christ amply deserves the utmost de- 
gree of forethought, enterprise and 



The fundamental mission problem 
is, How are individuals to be led to 
recognize their personal obligation to 

Christ? Our Lord directed the major 
portion of his effort to the bringing 
of the men whom He had chosen to 
perpetuate His work into a right rela- 
tion to Himself and to his world-wide, 
divine purpose. It was in virtue of 
their union with Him that their pray- 
ers were to become a mighty power 
and that they were to be the means 
of establishing His Kingdom more ful- 
ly upon the earth. 

From the time the first disciple fol- 
lowed Jesus in Galilee, the purpose 
of every true Christian has been to 
evangelize the world. All the world 
is the Lord's. He died for all the 
world. The message of glad tidings 
is therefore to go to all the world. 
Back of every Christian young man 
and woman is the divine commission. 
We have been given light. Shall we 
hide it from those who sit in darkness ? 
We have been given life, even abun- 
dant life. Shall we withhold it from 
those who are dead while they live? 
We have been given hope, even an un- 
speakable hope. Shall we refrain from 
giving it to those who are in despair? 
Of each one who has the priceless 
treasure of the gospel, it is required 
that he declare it to the fullest extent 
of his opportunity and ability. 

*£ " •£ 

Our obligation is increased by the 
fact that the more ardently we seek 
to spread the Gospel, the greater will 
be its power in our own lives. To all 
who make a wise use of what they 
have, more shall be given. A senator in 
Massachusetts, when it was proposed 
to incorporate a foreign missionary so- 
ciety objected on the ground that it 
was intended to "export religion, 
whereas, there was none to spare from 
among ourselves." The apt reply was : 
"Religion is a commodity of which 
the more we export the more we have 
remaining." The light that speeds 
from the individual Christian to the 
remote places of earth, will shine most 
brightly in the particular place where 
that individual lives and works. 


npHE important theme at Young Peopled meetings on 
■*- Sunday, June 28th, is, " Christ in our Cities." 
The subject is one to stir the heart and to encourage 
careful and enthusiastic preparation. The Scripture 
passages cited are: Acts l8: I -II,' Luke l9: 41-44; 
Matt. 1 1 : 2 J -2 4. In addition to the reading of the 
capital article by Miss Margaret L. Russell, which we 
print herewith, the consultation of the following sugges- 
tive books will be of profit: (l) " How the Other 
Half Lives," by Jacob A. Riis. See particularly chap- 
ter xv, The Problem of the Children; (2) " The 
Twentieth Century City, 1 '' by Dr. Josiah Strong; also 
(3) Dr. Strong' s " The New Era," chapter ix, The 
Problem of the City; and (4) u Our Country," chap- 
ter xi, Perils — The City. The following pamphlets, 
which can be had upon application to the Congregational 
Home Missionary Society, 28j Fourth Avenue, New 
York City, are to the point: u Home Missions in the 
City of the Future," by Josiah Strong, D.D.; " W hat 
of the City?" by C. E. Jefferson, D.D. 

How Christ Came to Twelve 
in a City 


IN the lower east side of New York 
City there were gathered in one 
of the evening schools, in one 
class, about fifty young girls, 
who during the day worked in 
shops and factories. Their faces, 
earnest and eager, indicated weari- 
ness. Longing for something 
higher in their lives than they 
had known they came to the evening 

The teacher felt their unspoken ap- 
neal, and she gave them her very best. 
She sought to be a soul-winner, and 
knew that nothing less than the Christ 
could bring to them, in the hard strug- 

gle of their existence, permanent peace 
and joy. 

One of the girls appealed to her 
strongly. A fall in childhood had 
broken her back ; but an unbroken, un- 
daunted spirit looked out of her beau- 
tiful blue eyes, and an ineffable sad- 
ness was in their depths. 

This girl must be helped, — but how ? 
There were many difficulties : the fam- 
ily were Roman Catholic ; the school 
term was most over ; and soon the class 
would be scattered. What should she 
do to keep the hold she felt she had 
begun to have? 

An invitation to the afflicted girl to 
the teacher's boarding house on Satur- 
day afternoon was eagerly accepted, 
and together they painted impossible 
daisies while the bond of love was be- 
ing: cemented. 



Then followed the summer vacation, 
but with the return of fall a note was 
sent by the teacher asking her young 
friend to help her take care of some 
Mission children, — "to come and just 
keep them in order, while I do the 
teaching." Here the seed was sown, 
and, blessed by the Spirit, began to 
grow. Before long she brought a 
younger sister on Sunday afternoons 
"to help keep the children quiet." 

Now came a difficulty. The moth- 
er objected to having her daughters 
so far uptown, and the work had to 
stop. But this was not to be the 
end. The difficulty was just God's 
way of showing His servant that it 
is the worker and the Church together 
that can best glorify Him. 

In a down-town church, doing 
grandly His service, a worker blessed 
with rare tact was found, and was 
sent to call and invite the two girls 
to the church. The mother was pleased 
both with the visit and the visitor, and 
the two girls were enrolled in the 
Sunday-school. Very prayerfully, very 
tactfully was the mother won over 
to allow them to confess Christ, and 
soon they became members of the 
Church. Then it was that Ella's life 
work began. 

A little boy in the family, the son 
of a deceased sister, and Ella's especial 
charge, was brought to the Sunday- 
school, and soon he, too, became a 
member of the church. Her very af- 
fliction became a power, for no one 
could say "No," or be offended, when 
she brought to them the truth. One 
by one, very quietly and unobtrusively, 
she gathered into the church twelve 

Calling one evening for a young girl 

to go with her to prayer meeting, an 
older brother, shabby, half-intoxicated, 
the "ne'er do well" of the family, said : 
"Don't you wish I'd go? You'd be 
ashamed to take me, wouldn't you?" 
"Not a bit of it," was the reply. "It's 
God's house, and no one there would 
be ashamed of you." 

To her joy he accompanied her, and 
touched by God's Spirit, he became 
strong to resist his enemy. Some years 
later, an earnest worker in both church 
and Sunday-school, he wrote to her, 
saying: "All that I am, all that I am 
doing, I owe to you." 

The little boy she had led from her 
own home to the Sunday-school grew 
up, identified himself with the church 
and the work of the Sunday-school. 
They shaped his character and life. 
Now, a man in a responsible position, 
his Christian home testifies to an- 
swered prayer and the faithfulness of 
God's servants in that church and Sun- 

How is Christ to be brought to peo- 
ple in a great city? By individual ef- 
fort. And if this young woman, whose 
environment was such that when her 
Sunday-school teacher appealed for 
more secret devotion, more getting 
alone with Christ, had to say: "Yes, 
I wish I could get alone, but you know 
we have so few rooms, and our fam- 
ily is large ; sometimes I go up on 
the roof and sometimes I fust lean out 
of the zvindow to get alone for pray- 
er," led a life so glorious and fruit- 
ful, what will the Master expect from 
vou and me? 




By Rev. Edward D. Eatcn, D.D. 

President Beloit College. 

~\~\ T"HEX a very young man is 
\/\/ unanimously called to a 

▼ ▼ position of responsibility 

involving national and in- 
ternational relations, it is natural that 
many should be 
interested in his 
life story thus 
far, and that those 
into whose Chris- 
tian life and ac- 
tivity he now en- 
ters should desire 
some acquaintance 
with his personal- 
ity. It gives me 
pleasure to re- 
spond to the re- 
quest of The 
Home Mission- 
ary for a brief 
sketch of the new 
Secretary of the 
Society of Chris- 
tian Endeavor. 

The ancestry of 
Von Ogden Vogt 
was such as would most naturally pre- 
pare the way for such a personality as 
his, — a vigorous stock of earnest, ac- 
tively useful Christian people. Almost 
all of his relatives of whom he has 
known have been of this type. His 
paternal grandfather was a farmer in 
Northern Ohio, a member of the Re- 
formed Church, and a man of wide 
influence, whose family had come to 
this country from Basel, Switzerland. 
His father was educated at Heidelberg 
College, Tiffin. Ohio, and engaged in 
business at Altamont. Illinois, a vil- 
lage about two hundred miles south 
of Chicago. Here he married ; his 
wife, whose ancestors were from Hol- 
land, being a person of rare balance, 
sound judgment and sympathetic na- 
ture. Their son was born at Altamont 
on the twenty-fifth of February, 1879. 


The ill-health of the parents caused 
the removal of the family in 1881 to 
Redfield, South Dakota, where the 
father, always energetic and resource- 
ful, became merchant and postmas- 
ter, secretary of 
the first Board of 
Trustees of Red- 
field College, and 
a deacon in the 
Congregat i o n a 1 
Church. Our 
friend's earliest 
recollections are 
of life on the fron- 
tier, of privations 
and enthusiasms 
of the pioneers, 
their courage and 
faith in laying the 
f o u n d ations of 
Christian society. 
Still obliged to 
seek for health, 
the family again 
set their faces 
Westward, crossed 
the Rocky Mountains and settled 
in Salt Lake City in 1889, but after 
two years returned to Illinois and 
made for themselves a home in 
Chicago, where the father succeeded 
in establishing himself in business and 
in accumulating a modest competence, 
which was later consumed in the years 
of declining health which followed. 
He died in 1896, leaving his wife and 
young son and daughter little but the 
inheritance of Christian faith and 
memories of a noble life. 

During their life in Chicago the 
son was always intimately acquainted 
with his father's business, and when 
sixteen years old left school for a 
vear to share his father's responsibil- 

At the age of fourteen he united 
with the Woodlawn Presbvterian 



Church of Chicago, of which his par- 
ents were members. This step was 
not due to any marked or sudden 
change in his character or convictions, 
but was rather the result of his having 
reached a point in his growth where 
he became more distinctly conscious 
than he had been hitherto of his own 
Christian attitude and obligations. The 
nurture and example of home came 
to its natural fruitage; and the life 
of the church, especially in Sunday- 
school and Christian Endeavor Soci- 
ety, was peculiarly helpful, and had a 
large place in his development dur- 
ing these years. 

In 1897 he graduated from the Hyde 
Park High School of Chicago, as Pres- 
ident of his class of 150 members, and 
entered Beloit College in September of 
that year. Throughout his college 
course he was a man of marked and 
helpful influence, sharing freely in a 
large variety- of interests while main- 
taining excellent rank as a student. 
From the middle of his Freshman year 
to the end of his course, he served 
efficiently as one of the student as- 
sistants in the College library ; 
throughout his Junior and Senior 
years he was Chairman of the Col- 
lege prayer-meeting committee, and 
besides being a member of the Col- 

lege choir and glee club, he led a 
church choir for three years. 

On graduation in 1901 he was ap- 
pointed Secretary to the President of 
the College and entrusted with the 
work of representing the College in 
the churches and schools of the re- 
gion. The responsible duties of his 
position he has discharged with 
marked fidelity, intelligence and tact. 
He has always been a welcome guest 
in the schools and never fails to draw 
the young people toward him. Speak- 
ing in pulpits whether in city or coun- 
try he is sure of appreciative hearing. 
His unfailing courtesy and good cheer 
make it always a pleasure to be with 
him. He thinks his way to a firm 
footing in principles instinctively gets 
at things in their right relations, and 
has steady courage in facing the tasks 
that are next at hand. Now that he 
is called from us to so large a place 
of influence, it is good to think that, 
while we suffer the loss of his loyal 
service and his winning personality 
from our immediate work, the whole 
experience of his life thus far has been 
so singularly effective a training for 
this larger service, in which he will 
be valued and loved as he is here, and 
in the results of which we all are to 
have a share. 

Beloit, Wisconsin 


"1 1 7"E count it an honor to present herewith a valuable 
* * symposium on the literature of Home Missions. 
The paragraphs are contributed to these pages by 
leading authorities on Mission literature in this country. 
In planning their reading for the summer months, the 
young people of the churches will be greatly profited if 
they select one or two volumes from this excellent list. 
In many of these books the stirring story of the evangel- 
ization of America is told in a fascinating way. In all 
of them there is suggestion, instruction and inspiration. 


Students' Lecturer on Missions, Princeton, iSgj 
and iSq6 ; Author of "Foreign Missions 
After a Century;" " Christian Missions and 
Social Progress ; " Member of the American 
Presbyterian Missions, Beirut, Syria. 

I know of no book on home mis- 
sions, so informing and valuable to 
an earnest reader, as "Leavening the 
Nation," by Dr. J. B. Clark. A "care- 
ful and thoughtful perusal cannot fail 
to put one into historic sympathy with 
the missionary enterprise, and awaken 
an intelligent comprehension of its 
immense import. It ia a happy com- 
bination of history and heroism, of 
patriotism and pious achievement, of 
expansion in its best light, and the 
noblest aspects of the making of a 
great nation. 

If the book has already been read, 
I should recommend "The Hand of 
God in American History," by Robert 
Ellis Thompson, S.T.D., as an inspir- 
ing view of God's providential guid- 
ance in shaping our country's devel- 
opment, and preparing us for our des- 
tiny, concerning which, I believe, the 
half has not oeen told or dreamt as 
yet. These volumes may not be amus- 
ing summer reading, but if they do not 
make a summer glow in the soul of 
young patriots, it will be a sign that 
the spiritual nature is strangelv un- 
responsive. ^Jfa* S. 2Ww 



Author of "Our Country," "Expansion," 
" The Next Great A-ivakening." 

"Black Rock" is a capital home mis- 
sionary story because it gives a true 
and vivid picture of the wild life on 
the frontier, and because it shows how 
a manly Christianity can conquer the 
wildest men. 

The best bird's-eye view of home 
missions is Dr. J. B. Clark's "Leaven- 
ing the Nation." To bring so large 
a picture within so small a compass 
without confusing details was an ex- 
tremely difficult task, but one which 
Dr. Clark has accomplished with ad- 
mirable judgment and excellent sense 
of proportion. 

The book is comprehensive, clear, 
informing, inspiring ; and should be 
read by all who would be intelligent 
concerning the making of the nation. 



Managing Editor " The Christian Endeavor 

First and foremost, for Congrega- 
tionalists, I put Dr. Clark's "Leav- 
ening the Nation,'' a most valu- 
able book. Alongside it, I would 
place Dr. H. S. Doyle's correspond- 
ing work on "Presbyterian Home 
Missions/' graphic and entertaining, 



and cl'osely allied to the Congrega- 
tional work. 

For present-day interest I would 
add "Old Glory and the Gos- 
pel in the Philippines," by A. B. Con- 
diet, M.D., and Belle Brain's charm- 
ing book, "The Transformation of 
Hawaii " Of course Dr. Puddefoot's 
"The Minute Man on the Frontier/' is 
well known to be the most fascinating 
Home Mission book ever written. A 
close second to it, in my judgment, is 
"How Marcus Whitman Saved Ore- 
gon." by Oliver Nixon. 

All of Ralph Connor's books are 
strong and delightful, but especiallv 
the "Sky Pilot." 

Of Egerton R. Young's famous 
sketches of missions among the Cana- 
dian Indians, perhaps "On the Indian 
Trail" is the best. 



While the hero of the story is a very 
rare exception in the ordinary expe- 
rience of workers for the Chinese, it 
will help the reader to understand 
these wonderful people, despite its 
weakness when the young Quaker re- 
turns home. Mrs. Eyster wholly lost 
her bearings when her hero left San 

"Lovey Mary" continues the inter- 
est shown in Mrs. Rices's unique 
"Cabbage Patch" characters. It is a 
true transcript of many lives lived in 
the slum portions of all our cities, and 
it will aid to better understanding of 
the neglected masses and of the work 
which many a city missionary is doing. 
Both of Mrs. Rice's books are so keen- 
ly interesting that they will read them- 
selves — at least they will surely be read 
if ten minutes are spent on either one 
of them. 



Educational Secretary Student Volunteer Move- 
ment ; author of "Dawn on the Hills of 
Tang;" "A Geography and Atlas of Protest- 
ant Missions." 

Among the best Home Missionary 
books of the past year one must cer- 
tainly place Secretary Clark's volume, 
"Leavening the Nation." It will 
prove strong meat for some of the 
young people, and for the more ma- 
ture and thoughtful it will furnish 
material for sober resolve, as well as 
provide a historical background for 
further reading. 

Of decidedly a different character 
are two other volumes which deal with 
sections of our community, sections 
which ordinarily fall under the care 
of home missionary societies, though 
among Congregationalists the Chinese 
are under the oversight of the Ameri- 
can Missionary Association. One of 
the volumes is by Nellie Blessing Eys- 
ter, and is entitled "A Chinese Quak- 
er." It shows better than any other 
book the religious evolution of the Chi- 
nese boy who has grown up among us 
and then returns to his native land. 


President Woman's Board of Home Missions 
of the Presbyterian Church. 

My early interest in home mis- 
sions dates from the reading of "The 
Home Missionary" and "The Ameri- 
can Missionary," which were the only 
magazines on the library table of my 
father's house on Sunday. The two 
books "Our Country" and "The New 
Era," by Dr. Josiah Strong, more than 
all other books have stimulated my in- 
terest in later years. 




Managing Editor ' ' The Missionary Review 
of the World." 

None can fail to be interested in 
the facts and experiences given in Rev. 
W. G. Puddefoot's "Minute Man on 
the Frontier." Its style is somewhat 
crude, like the life it describes, but 
the facts are stirring and the experi- 
ences are thrilling. 



Ralph Connor's "Black Rock" is a 
novel, but it gives a vivid picture of 
the life and work of the Missionary 
among the lumbermen in the North- 
west. Of course everyone has read 

The most valuable book on Pioneer 
Home Missions is without doubt 
Dr. Clark's "Leavening the Nation." 
It is careful and comprehensive, and 
gives enough details concerning the 
men and their work, to make it inter- 
esting reading. It is rather for those 
who wish a systematic history, than 
for those who only read for amuse- 




Associate Editor ' ' The Christian Endeavor 

To me Puddefoot's "Minute Man 
on the Frontier," is one of the most 
intensely interesting books. Eger- 
ton R. Young's books all have the flav- 
or of romance to me, and "My Dogs 
in the Northland," or "On the Indian 
Trail," ought, by suggestion, to help 
lower the physical temperature, as 
summer reading, and at the same time 
warm the heart towards Arctic mis- 
sions. Incidentally, Mrs. Sangster's 
"Janet Ward" has a strong bearing 
on work among mountain whites, 
while it possesses the charm of first- 
class fiction, and is a book young ladies 
would enjoy reading. 


^^u^ §y. W^t 



Managing Editor of "The Congregationalist:' 

As good books on home missions, I 
mention Josiah Strong's "Our Coun- 
try," Dr. J. B. Clark's "Leavening 
the Nation" and the Ralph Connor 


Secretary of the Board of Home Missions of 
the Presbyterian Church. 

Congregationalist young people will, 
of course, with all Congregationalists, 
want to read Dr. Clark's "Leavening 
the Nation," especially if they want to 
keep up with the procession. If they 
want to know how Presbyterians have 
been blessed in following the flag, let 
them read "Presbyterian Plome Mis- 
sions," by Dr. Sherman H. Dovle. 
Josiah Strong's books "Our Country,'' 
"The New Era," "The Twentieth Cen- 
tury City," are all first rate. I find 
a good deal of incentive for a part in 
winning America for Christ, in read- 
ing William T. Stead's book, "The 
Americanization of the World." It 
is a round-about way of getting back 
to the United States, but it has much 
in it that will compel careful thought. 
When it comes to stories, of course 
Egerton R. Young's books and Ralph 
Connor's splendid productions stand 
at the head of the list. Another book 
that can be had in the libraries is 
President Roosevelt's "Winning of 
the West." I commend it most heartily 
to home mission enthusiasts. A book 
of particular interest for Arctic mis- 
sions is one by Jesse Page, "Amid 
Greenland's Snows." 




General Secretary United Society of Christian 

I wish the young people of the Con- 
gregational Church might all read Mr. 
Puddefoot's "The Minuteman on the 
Frontier." It is full of fascinating 
incident, and flashes on one's mind a 
series of views that give an impression 
of nearness and reality to the condi- 
tions which obtain on the frontier and 
interesting parts of our country that 
is both illuminating and inspiring. 
Yerv soon these far-away places Mr. 
Puddefoot brin srs before us as with a 



spy glass will be the centers of a high- 
ly developed life, the character of 
which will largely depend upon the 
present extent of our missionary ef- 

No careful student of home mis- 
sions can afford to neglect the new his- 
tory by Dr. J. B. Clark, "Leavening 
the Nation." 


y^ j&^-f'jh 


Pastor, Tompkins Avenue Congregational 
Church, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

I think of "How Marcus Whitman 
Saved Oregon," and "Murvale East- 
man" (city work). 





Secretary International Committee Young Men's 
Christian Association. 

The Best book on Home Missions 
that I now think of is "Ginsey Krider," 
by Hulda Herrick. It is descriptive of 
educational and mission work among 
the mountain whites. General Howard 
says that in his judgment it is the 
strongest book that has been written 
on this important class, and Dr. and 
Mrs. Lucien C. Warner hold the same 



Pastor, Church of the Redeemer. 
I know of nothing better than Dr. J. 
B. Clark's "Leavening the Nation," 
and the monthly numbers of "The 
Home Missionary." 

NEW HAVEN, CONN. f^^U-*^^ V^VU^jA^, 


Secretary Department of Young People, Ameri- 
can Baptist Missionary Union. 

The Home mission books that I have 
found most helpful are : Dr. Strong's 
"Our Country" ; "A New Era" ? ; "Ex- 
pansion." Also Ralph Connor's "Sky 

Pilot" and "Black Rock." These, with 
Egerton R. Young's books, have 
brought to my own heart more infor- 
mation and inspiration than any others. 
But the best book of all upon Home 
missions is the Word of God. If young 
men and women will measure their 
lives by that standard, we will be able 
to carry the Gospel into every home 
and every heart. 



Founder of the Tenth Legion, United Society 
of Christian Endea-vor; Chairman Mission- 
ary Committee Neiv York City Christian 
Endeavor Union. 

I. While there are capital books pre- 
senting special phases of home mis- 
sions, work for the negro, the Indian, 
the neglected mountaineer, and the 
Mormons, the one paramount issue 
would seem to be the evangelizing, 
the Christianizing of the frontier, 
— while anything that can be called a 
"frontier" remains to us — and the tale 
par excellence of the strenuous, heroic, 
Christ-like life of such a worker is 
Ralph Connor's "Black Rock;" 
thrilling, pathetic, humorous, yet full 
of the genuine Gospel ; and read with 
equal eagerness by the missionary- 
spirited Christian and the anti-mis- 
sionary heathen, within and without 
the Church and Young People's So- 

II. Why the time is coming when in- 
stead of saying that San Francisco is 
3,000 miles from New York men will 
say that New York is 3,000 miles from 
San Francisco,- — -this, and hundreds 
of allied truths are marshalled by Jo- 
siah Strong in his masterly little book 
"Expansion" in a way to stir the heart 
of every up-to-date, twentieth century 
young American. Not a book for lit- 
tle boys and girls, not for grown-up 
children unabls or unwilling to think, 
but charged with striking and stimu- 
lating facts for young men and wom- 
en of intelligent and patriotic spirit. 

NEW YORK CITY C-//£p<^ l//^vC)8r / Vv*A^^^^' 




Author of '" Fuel for Missionary Fires;" "Fifty 
Missionary Programs;" " The Transforma- 
tion of Hawaii," etc. 

One of the most hopeful signs in 
connection with the evangelization of 
America is the increasing demand for 
books on home missions. Until re- 
cently literature on this subject has 
been confined almost entirely to tracts, 
pamphlets and reports, but during the 
past few years some gifted pens have 
been at work, and we now have at 
least the nucleus of a home missionary 
literature of permanent value and real 
literary merit. 

Three notable books, covering the 
entire field, have been issued within a 
year. These are "Leavening the Na- 
tion," by the Rev. J. B. Clark, an un- 
denominational history of home mis- 
sions, the only work of its kind, and 
one for which we have long been wait- 
ing; "Centennial of Home Mis- 
sions," a collectioi- of addresses de- 
livered at the centennial of the Presby- 
terian Board of Home Missions, by 
President Roosevelt, Dr. Henry van 

Dyke and other eminent men ; and 
"Presbyterian Home Missions," a de- 
nominational work, but full of valua- 
ble information for all denominations. 

In addition to these general works 
are a number dealing with special 
phases of the nome missionary prob- 
lem. Of these Ralph Connor's "Black 
Rock" and "Sky Pilot," Jacob Riis's 
"Battle with the Slum" and Booker 
T. Washington's "Up From Slavery" 
have become famous and are in great 
demand. They are popular not only 
with Christian workers but with the 
general reading public as well. This 
is a caus^ for sincere congratulation. 

The seven books named, together 
with Dr. Strong's "Our Country," 
"The New Era," and "The Twentieth 
Century City," Bishop Whipple's 
"Lights and Shadows of a Long Epis- 
copate," and Alfred Henry's "By Or- 
der of the Prophet," should be found 
on the shelves of every missionary 
library and read by all true-hearted 
and loval American citizens. 



/^\N the first advertising page of this issue of THE 
W HOME MISSION AR Y will be found a list 
of the foregoing books, with their prices. 


A LARGE number of representatives of 
missionary committees of Young Peo- 
ple's societies of New York City, met 
in the offices of the Congregational Home 
Missionary Society, on Saturday, May 9. 
The gathering was called by Mr. W. L. 
Amerman, the Chairman of the Missionary 
committee of Christian Endeavor Societies of 
New York (Manhattan) . The reports on the 
mission study classes conducted the past season 
were full of encouragement. They showed 
that foundations are being laid for most ag- 
gressive future work. 

Mr. Amerman, the chairman of the Com- 
mittee, is the founder of the Tenth Le- 
gion of the United Society of Christian 
Endeavor, and unquestionably has done 
more to promote an intelligent interest in 
missions than any other layman in the 
city of New York. Much of the deep 
interest in missions in the church of which 
he' is a member, the Central Presbyterian, 
is attributable to his initiative and to his 
intelligent zeal. A great deal of his work 
has not been conspicuous, but it has been 
widely effective. His superb Christian char- 
acter, his wise, persistent, aggressive ef- 
forts and his intense loyalty to the highest 
interests of the Church of Christ make 
him one of the most useful laymen in 
this country. We heartily congratulate the 
members of the Christian Endeavor So- 
cieties of New York City and of the coun- 
try upon their possession of such a leader. 


The last of the series of Young Peo- 
ple's Conferences, planned by Mr. H. W. 
Hicks, of the American Board, and made 
possible by the hearty co-operation of pas- 
tors in various cities, was held at the 
Central Church, Haverhill, Mass., April 18 
and 19. It was attended by representatives 
of over twenty churches. The purpose of 
these conferences has not been the further- 
ance of the work of any one mission board, 
but the increase of an intelligent inter- 
est in missions on the part of young peo- 
ple, and the suggestion of methods, by 
the future use of which the work might be 
promoted, in the churches represented. The 
Rev. C. M. Clark, pastor of the Central 
Church, in a communication to the Congre- 
gationalism refers to Mr. Hicks' excellent 
conduct of the conference' at Haverhill, as 
follows : "Mr. Hicks has the teaching in- 
stinct and is admirably fitted to lead. He is 

wise, tactful, well-informed, inspiring." A 
series of conferences is being planned for 
next fall and winter under the auspices of 
all the mission boards of the Congrega- 
tional churches. 

Two new pamphlets have been added to 
the publications of the Congregational 
Home Missionary Society. They are en- 
titled; "Christianize America!" and "Higher 
Ideals of Christian Stewardship," and they 
are written by Don O. Shelton. The former 
is reprinted from "The Christian Endeavor 
World" by the courtesy of the editors, and 
the latter is the third edition of a book- 
let issued by the International Commit- 
tee of the Young Men's Christian Associa- 
tion, and republished by special arrange- 
ment with that committee. The typograph- 
ical appearance of "Christianize America !" 
is unique and especially attractive. Copies 
of both publications may be had upon ap- 

"The Christian Endeavor World," Bos- 
ton, Mass., awards a prize each week for 
the best suggested method of Christian 
work among young people. The' follow- 
ing is the prize method for Missionary 
committees, described in a recent issue by 
E. A. S., of Clinton, Conn.: A Mis- 
sionary Information Box. — The chairman 
of our missionary committee has hit upon 
a very successful plan for arousing the in- 
terest of our members in missions. She 
has arranged a box in the church where 
every one is requested to put any item which 
he chances upon in his reading which may 
bear in the least upon missionary work 
of any sort. These' items are looked over 
before a missionary meeting, and all suit- 
able to the subject are arranged and dis- 
tributed to different members to be read 
during the hour. Not long ago we held 
an alphabetical missionary meeting which 
was very interesting. The subject was a 
broad one, "Missions," and the items were 
carefully chosen so that each began with 
a different letter of the alphabet. The 
leader called for the letters in order, and 
the programme was varied with music, du- 
ets, solos, etc., all with the real mission- 
ary spirit. For "An Evening with Home 
Missions" we had an item from each State 
in the Union, Alaska, Cuba, Porto Rico, 
Hawaii, and the Philippines. 


Is the Revival Out of Date? 

AT a recent meeting of the Cler- 
ical Union, of New York 
City, Dr. Bradford asserted 
that the revival spirit was 
present in the churches as it had 
not been in many years. Dr. Leavitt, 
in the April number, earnestly pleads 
the importance of the old-fashioned 
revival. The following communica- 
tion from far away Wyoming affords 
a striking illustration of the need and 
the value of revival efforts: 

At the beginning of the new year we be- 
gan to plan for a revival here in our home 
church. We were' told by the members that 
it would be of no use, that they had tried so 
many times to have revival meetings only to 
fail. Before the week of prayer was over, 
they began to think that perhaps, after all, 
a revival might be possible, and to solicit 
the non-Christians to attend the services, 
which was a step in the right direction. Be- 
fore the next week was half over we' were 
obliged to borrow chairs from a sister 
church, in order to seat the crowds that 
were coming. In the meantime God had put 
it into the heart of one of his servants, 
laboring in a western Nebraska town, to 
come and help us. His labors among us 
were blessed by the conversion of many 
souls. Fifty-three persons pledged them- 
selves to the service of Christ. Not only 
did we have' the help of the Christian peo- 
ple, but the co-operation of the business 
men, also, and for the first time in the his- 
tory of the town, saloons and stores alike 
closed their places of business during the 
hour of service. Not only did their keepers 
close up, but came out in full force to the 
services. It was no uncommon thing to see 
a saloon-keeper coming into church with 
fifteen or twenty followers. Usually, too, 
they were a little' late in getting there, and 
so had to occupy the front row of seats, 
there being no others left. Even the pro- 
fessional gambler of the town came out to 
the services, and when a few evenings later 
he was accosted on his way to the depot, 
grip in hand, and asked why he was leaving 
the town, replied that there was no use of 
his staying while the meetings were going 
on, as the people seemed to care more for 
the church than for the gambling tables. 

A certain ranchman, who spent the great- 
er part of his time in the saloon, and who 
had lost a large fortune gambling, was con- 

verted to Christ during the meetings. Since 
the meetings have closed his little boy, 
aged four years, was heard to say, "My 
papa don't go to the saloon any more." 
What a grand change, what a blessed 
change in that home ! Husband and wife 
together will take upon themselves the vows 
of the church and allegiance to Christ and 
His cause. Men who said that they had not 
seen the inside of church for twelve years 
or more, were regular attendants each night. 

Congregationalism in Oklahoma 

The following from general mis- 
sionary L. B. Parker confirms previ- 
ous reports of the acceptability of the 
Congregational Church in the New 
Southwest. Few new territories have 
so warmly welcomed our simple faith 
and polity. 

The more the people know of Congre- 
gationalism in this new Southwest the 
more we are in demand, and there are but 
few towns in which we could not organize 
a church which would be a power for the 
cause of Christ in the community. I have 
found that it is no longer necessary to 
have a nucleus of Congregationalists before 
attempting to organize a church, it is only 
necessary to inform the people about our 
faith and they are ready to accept and be- 
come Congregationalists. At the town of 

B we have but one who had ever been 

a member of a Congregational Church ; yet 
we have a very promising young church 
which was started with fourteen members. 

At H we started with twenty-one 

members and only three had ever been Con- 
gregationalists. At W , a new village 

of 250 people, I organized last week with 
fifteen members and not one of the num- 
ber had ever been a member of our church, 
but four other denominations were repre- 
sented in the organization, divided as fol- 
lows: Methodist, nine; Presbyterian, 
three; Baptist, two; United Brethren, 
one. I find the people everywhere I go 
ready to hear the Gospel message and after 
several Gospel sermons I speak upon the 
subject of Congregationalism and tell of 
some of the work our church is doing 
throughout the land in advancing the King- 
dom of God, and many become interested 
and readily unite in establishing Congre- 
gationalism. So it may be said that there 
is an open door for our church in all this 
new country. All of that part of the coun- 



try comprising the Indian Territories will 
be a rich harvest field for the Lord and 
there are many good towns that we should 
enter this year if possible. My heart goes 
up to God in thankfulness and praise as I 
look into the future and behold what a 
blessing and benediction Congregationalism 
will be to this region. 

Fighting Prejudice 

Our Slavic workers have to con- 
tend with something' more than nat- 
ural indifference. Prejudice inherited 
or instilled is often the almost insuper- 
able barrier. 

Our work here is constantly attacked 
and many great hindrances are placed in 
our way, bat nevertheless God's work is 
like a two edged sword and inflicts wounds 
on many a previously careless heart. One 
family so opposed us that they would not 
even speak with us because they said the 
salvation people are not even baptized. 
Nevertheless after some long conversations 
they perceived that we were doing nothing 
new or perversive but standing only for 
the word of God as it is. Then they 
bought a Bible from us and finally ac- 
knowledged that it is good for us to visit 
their people and show them how to regulate 
their conduct according to God's command. 
The work in one of our fields is just now 
very difficult. Many excuse themselves for 
keeping aloof from us because we talk 
against drinking, dancing, and the like 
which are their beloved peculiarities. But 
we thank God there are some who per- 
ceive that that love is not right which is 
not regulated in accordance with God's 
word. I rejoice to report that two fami- 
lies have become members of our little 
church on confession of their faith. 

A Fruitful Pastorate 

Mullan, Idaho, in the center of a 
mining district has well repaid the de- 
voted labor of Pastor Owens. We 
are sorry that he must leave the 
work. But a grand beginning has 
been made as the following record 
plainly indicates : 

My two years' pastorate here closes with 
this month. During this time the Lord has 
wonderfully blessed our labors. We have 
been enabled to organize a church, Ladies' 
Aid Society, Christian Endeavor Society, 
two choirs, built up a Sunday-school to a 
membership of 130, erect a church costing 
$2,000 in all. Besides we have been able 
to interest the miners and they have sup- 
ported us from the first until now, and it 

is a great joy to me to be able to talk on 
Sunday to a house crowded with work- 
ing men. Last month we held a series of 
highly successful mission services during 
which forty people signed cards indicating 
their intention to begin a Christian life. 

The Outlook of a Superintendent 

The superintendent of one of the 
Pacific Coast States gives us the fol- 
lowing glimpse of his extended field 
and the variety of conditions he has 
to meet. 

After a week of constant activity in city 
work, I took the train on a Tuesday after- 
noon for B , 170 miles distant. The 

following morning appointments are made 
with the pastor for the following Sunday. 

A trip is then made to R , seven miles 

distant for consultation with the pastor of 
a home missionary church whose out-sta- 
tions are thirty-seven miles apart. Re- 
turning to the city, the train is taken next 

morning for S fifty miles distant, one 

of the centers of an oil field, which, with a 
number of breaks extends nearly a hundred 
miles along the foot hills. 

Calls are made in the afternoon and in 
the evening preaching services are held 
in the railroad station. A small audience 
is present and the visit of the minister, be- 
ing a rare event, will be the subject of 
remark for some time to come. 

At nine the next morning with a team of 
bronchos and driver we start for McK — — , 
twenty-seven miles distant. Following a 
winding trail over hill and valley, we reach 
our destination in three hours. At no time 
were we out of sight of oil derricks, many 
of which in solitude hold down the govern- 
ment claim until the owner is ready to re- 
sume work. Here calls were made in the 
afternoon and in the school house a fine 
audience assembled for evening services. 
The school teacher, who is from one of our 
home missionary churches 230 miles dis- 
tant, led on the organ. The Spirit of God 
attended and the message was eagerly re- 

Returning by rail to the city a Sunday 
morning sermon was preached, and in the 
afternoon an oil village seventy miles dis- 
tant was visited where our pastor holds 
services and where a church membership 
will probably be found. 

An Endeavor Rally was addressed in the 
evening. On Monday morning, the pastor 
of Other outlying fields, with his wife who 
is an ordained minister, called for us and 

the ride was taken to P , nine miles 

distant. Here a church edifice is being 
built and strong work done for the Mas- 

Returning to the city we take train at 
10 p. m., and the next morning reach home, 



After a day's work at the desk, we go to 
an Association Meeting 130 miles in an- 
other direction and after conferring with 
the brethren and speaking some words of 
cheer, we take steamer for Seattle, nearly 
1,000 miles to the North to attend the 
Pacific Coast Congress, which we antici- 
pate will be a ten days' feast of fellow- 
ship and inspiration. So runs the busy life 
of a superintendent. 

On the Border 

Nogales, Arizona, is so near 
Land's End, that one side of its main 
street is in the United States and the 
other in Mexico. All conditions are 
peculiar. But our church has always 
had a hold, and under the lead of Pas- 
tor Reud it strengthens. 

Recently your missionary joined a militia 
cavalry corps in order to help out in the 
social part of the organization. We are 
to receive funds from the government suf- 
ficient to rent suitable rooms, and will have 
a reading and club room well warmed in 
winter and cheerfully lighted. Here young 
men will be able to gather and will not 
feel that the only places to lounge during 
their leisure hours are the streets, stores, 
and the wrong side of' the saloon doors. 
The rooms will be down town right in the 
heart of things and we believe our enter- 
prise has in it the wisdom of the serpent 
with the guilelessness of the dove. If it 
should seem to the reader a little strange 
that a missionary should join a militia 
corps, I can assure you that the "boys" 
show their appreciation in unmistakable 

A man asked me to-day what he could 
do to help our Sunday-school and he is a 
Jew. He said he was interested in the 
good of children. When I told him we 
needed more adults to attend it, more 
teachers to take classes, more men to draw 
the boys, he said : "Oh, I thought I could 
buy something to make it better." Our 
Sunday-school does not lack funds just 
now, but prosperous as it is it needs men 
and this is just the need of the church too. 
Our women are noble, but we pray God to 
send us more men. They tell the story 
here, how when a man and his wife, new 
settlers, came to my predecessor Mr. 
Heald and asked to unite with the church, 
the good brother, touched by such an un- 
expected blessing, fell on his knees and 
cried, "Let us thank God for a man !" I 
can fully appreciate his feelings. 

Progress in Cuba 

Readers of the magazine are in- 
dented to Rev. E. P. Herrick for fre- 

quent reports of our work in Cuba. 
Mr. Herrick has the optimism of a 
true missionary, and lives upon the 
hopeful side of his work, and no work 
of the Society is more hopeful than 
that of Cuba. 

The most encouraging feature of our 
work is that among the young men. Not 
less than fifty attend with more or less 
regularity. They find here what they have 
not found in the Roman church, hence they 
rarely if ever attend there. They are es- 
pecially interested in the service of song, 
and while in other places I've found it al- 
most impossible to organize a choir, I have 
here more material than I can use, and 
some weeks have dedicated two evenings to 

Some' are not far from the Kingdom. Of 
the twenty young lady nurses in the great 
hospital nearby, ten are Protestants. They 
have been especially helpful to us. 

When I look back to the time nine 
months ago wdien we came unknown to a 
strange "barrio," where we had nothing. 
and contrast the work with what we see 
to-day, I feel to exclaim, "Behold what 
hath God wrought." 

The Cuban Fisherman in Luck 

The following true tale may be left 
to teach its own moral. "There is a 
scattering that increaseth," and there 
is a free will offering of time to the 
service of the Lord which may prove 
in the end to be the very best service 
for ourselves. 

Leaving his net all set and duly anchored, 
he came full of curiosity to the Congrega- 
tional Home Missionary Society mission 
service, expecting to return in half an hour. 
But he became so deeply interested in the 
Gospel sermon and the sweet Spanish 
hymns, that he remained through the serv- 
ice, very much pleased with all he saw and 

Hastening to his net in Matanzas Bay, 
which he had left to care for itself, judge 
of his surprise when he found it full of fish. 
It had filled itself while he was away at the 
Protestant service, and all he had to do was 
to draw it to land "full of great fishes." 
His was a double draft on that memorable 
evening. From the sea of divine truth he 
drew helpful thoughts, and from the blue 
sea the food he needed. He now thinks 
that good luck comes to those w r ho enter our 
chapel, but we cannot promise him a full 
net every time he thus leaves it. May he 
be made willing to leave all (if needs be) 
to follow Christ. 



A Scandinavian Revival 

Rev. H. F. Josephson's visit to 
Wittenberg, Wis., was rewarded by a 
religious interest of singular power as 
the following narrative bears witness : 

My coming to Wittenberg, where I 
had labored twelve years before, was at 
the request of friends and intended to 
be very short, as I was hastening west- 
ward. But the Lord seemed clearly to 
want it otherwise. At the evening service 
the first Sunday there, nine persons were 
deeply convicted and sought the Lord for 
mercy. The meetings were continued for 
nearly five weeks every night and at nearly 
every meeting some came over to the 
Lord's side. About sixty persons man- 
ifested a desire to become Christians. The 
movement seemed altogether the work of 
the Spirit. Men were brought under con- 
viction while at their work in the woods. 
Some on the way to meeting and others 
on their way home. This outpouring of 
the Spirit came in answer to earnest 
prayers on the part of certain older Chris- 
tians for a long time preceding the re- 

It Pays 

The pastor and his wife who fore- 
go their comfortable fireside on a cold 
New Year's Day to extend personal 
greetings to the homes of one hundred 
of their flock, will find their reward 
in the growing love and fidelity of the 

On New Year's Day, says Pastor Wyatt 
of S. Dakota, we gave out one hundred 
and one cards, making eighty-six stops in 
order to do so. Mrs. Wyatt accompanied me. 
We were able to do so by having a driver 
for our team and by making every call 
brief, only a greeting and a good bye. 

The Boy Problem 

Rev. Richard K. Chapman, of 
Gettysburg, South Dakota, has been 
successful in his attempts to interest 
boys in the church. This is a ques- 
tion that engages the attention of a 
great multitude of pastors for whose 
benefit the views of Mr. Chapman are 
here quoted : 

One of the most perplexing and impor- 
tant questions of the day is the boy prob- 
lem. It is obvious to the most casual ob- 
server that our boys are threatened by a 

great peril, that of evil influences and man- 
ifold temptations. Loafing about street 
corners and hanging around billiard halls 
are not ideal employments for our boys, 
yet this is what is going on night after 

If the boy is kept at home of an even- 
ing he thinks he is ill used. Boys are ac- 
tive, energetic ; and if we persist in shut- 
ting down the throttle and safety-valve, 
there is bound to be an explosion. Let 
us rather occupy the boy's time pleasantly 
and profitably ; let us give him something 
better than that we take away. How ? I 
answer by means of a Boys' Club. In 
brief, the scheme is as follows : 

1. A Boys' Club, properly organized 
and officered. A small monthly due from 
each member ; a few necessary rules, the 
fewer the better. 

2. A Club Hall, open every week night 
from seven to nine. 

3. Simple gymnastic apparatus, with in- 
struction for same. 

4. Military drill. 

5. Games, outdoor in summer, indoor 
in winter. 

6. Curfew at nine P. M. 

Give this a trial and I am confident that 
you will make it permanent. It should 
be a town institution and not a sectarian 
or church affair. Boys have a hatred of 
anything goody goody. Let them under- 
stand that they shall not be preached at and 
on their part that there must be no bad 
language. But all this will cost money? Of 
course it will. Is the boy worth it? If you 
disown him, discourage him, kick him 
out in the world to shift for himself, if 
that is the value you set upon a boy, then 
I dare say he is not worth it. But if you 
believe that the boys of to-day will be the 
men of to-morrow, that the future of the 
town, of the State, of the nation is in the 
hands of these boys, then they are worth a 
good deal. 

More than One Way 

The variety of methods employed 
by the home missionary in winning 
men is illustrated by the following 
from Minneapolis, Minn. The whole 
question of success often turns upon 
the inventive faculty of the pastor in 
the use of methods. Fishers of men 
need to be wise in the adaptation of 
means to ends. 

The new room was occupied November 
30th. Two hundred and eighty dollars was 
spent in this work. The room will serve 
for a dining room, Sunday School class 
room, and room for Boy's and Young Peo- 



pie's Clubs. Plans for a Cradle Roll and 
Home Department are under consideration, 
as also plans for a Normal Class for train- 
ing of Sunday School teachers. 

Next in point of satisfaction is the work 
with the young people. Two and a half 
years ago there were no young people in 
the church. Now the evening service' is al- 
most entirely composed of them. Two 
Sunday School classes have organized as 
clubs during the quarter. "Oak Leaves 
Club" is composed of boys and girls from 
sixteen to twenty, and has a membership of 
about thirty-five. The Live Oaks is com- 
posed of young men and women from 
twenty upwards to thirty, and has a mem- 
bership of about forty. Both Clubs are ac- 
tive in church work. Soon we hope to tell 
of a goodly number brought into church 
membership. Work along this line is be- 
ing planned. 

In Labors Oft 

The careful reader of the following 
from Rev. George L. Patterson, of 
New Mexico, will learn something of 
the astonishing variety of a home 
missionary's life and labors. Grace 
he must have, but grit, tact, and com- 
mon sense are not less essential to 

Gallup is at an elevation of a mile and a 
quarter. It has had weather this winter as 
low as twelve degrees below zero. I believe 
the prolonged bad weather has affected all 
churches here. There are few sidewalks, and 
the adobe soil is very bad in wet weather, 
while the people seem to feel the cold days 
more than I do who am a native of the 

The pastoral work is exceedingly great for 
the size of the field. There is a continual line 
of strangers who need looking after. This 
country is full of young adventurers who 
have come to the "wild west" for fame and 
fortune, and who find it not as pleasant for 
them as expected. I have done pastoral work 
among small boys, even, who had run away 
from home and tested the world. I could 
fill every minute of time with pastoral work 
if I had nothing else to do in the church. 
Men out of work keep coming to me, and also 
a great many charity cases are continually 
sent to me. It seems as if half of the 
strangers are in special need of a friend. 
I have a great many homeless men also call 
upon me. I seldom give them any money, 
but try to get work for them. I also have a 
standing agreement with the night engineer 
of the power house that he will let any men 
I send there sleep in the boiler room, where it 
is warm and comfortable. After doing them 
a few good turns, they always seem willing 
to listen to a little religious talk. I had a 
good talk with five strangers in the back 
end of a saloon recently. It is often over- 
looked that hoboes have souls, I think. I go 
into saloons because, in order to get coal, 
gold, human souls, or anything, a person must 
go where they are. In Gallup they are gen- 
erally in the saloons — hence I go there. 

I have secured the promise of the use of 
a fine piano for the church. Also. I have se- 
cured the promise of a $250 Cecilian, an 

automatic piano player. I will give a con- 
cert with it free now and then and draw peo- 
ple to the vestry of the church thus on week 
nights. I will receive these from a music 
firm 1 dealt with when following music as a 

Since the last report I have gotten to- 
gether four men who sing quite well for so 
small a town. I drill the quartette about 
twice a week on an average, and give them 
first class sacred anthems. Soon I will be- 
gin to work in a selection by a quartette of 
two cornets, an alto and baritone. I will 
arrange the music myself and make it ap- 
propriate for church. We will play hymns 
and songs of long ago, such as all enjoy. 

I have a boys' flageolet club of twenty 
boys, if all are present. I have taught them 
to play "Yankee Doodle'' and part of "Amer- 
ica" already. In order to be qualified to 
join it a boy must belong to some Sunday- 
school. I allow him to attend any Sunday- 
school he wishes to attend. Thus I am get- 
ting a hold on some Catholic boys. One of 
them now brings his mother to church nearly 
every Sunday evening. I announce it as a 
"Sunday-school Boys' Club," and give all to 
understand that it is for that class of boys. 
All others would have to pay me a high 
price for teaching them, and are not very 
cordially invited. 

I have got the majority of the business men 
and nearly all of the professional men, ex- 
cept the other ministers, to agree to pay 
fifty cents a month towards the support of 
a gymnasium. I asked the other clergymen, 
but they do not seem enthusiastic. Perhaps 
the Catholic priest will join, however. I 
have rented an unfinished brick house. It 
is completed on the outside, but has no plas- 
ter within. It is a large mansion that was 
nf?ver completed for lack of funds. I have 
worked all of my spare time finishing it for 
a gymnasium. It is quite a fine place for 
such a purpose now that I have put so much 
work on it. I paid cash for apparatus, and 
it is now here. I collect the money and keep 
the scheme in a moving condition. People 
can no longer say that there is no place of 
public recreation except the saloon, as I will 
open the gymnasuim this week. It will have 
electric lamps and has two open fire places. 
I will have five or six dollars surplus each 
month after paying running expenses. With 
this I will add new appliances. 

A Thoughtful People 

Next to a deed of kindness is a 
tactful way of doing it. The people of 
Medford, Oklahoma, seemed to have 
studied the art, as the experience of 
pastor Rogers here given demon- 

It is all bright. Some time in January 
I was "phoned" one day to come to the 
clothing store, where I found two of our 
members. They were buying an overcoat 
for a man about my size. Would I kindly 
try it on to see if it would fit him? I sup- 
posed it was for some man in the country 
who could not come to town, and they were 
fitting him by me, and would send it out to 
him. So I asked who the man about my 
size might be? They asked if I thought 
the coat would fit him. I said I thought it 
would if he was my size. Then they said, 
"You wear it home, you are the man." 


C. The church at Great Falls, Mon., 
is raising $1,000. for the purchase of 
an additional lot and is looking for- 
ward to the erection of a new build- 

C.The church at Sanford, Fla., has 
recalled to the pastorate Rev. Charles 
Campbell, and he was installed May 
14th. Mr. Campbell is making ear- 
nest efforts to clear the church debt 
and is meeting - with encouragement. 

Someillan and his wife. Mr. Someil- 
lan is a brother of Rev. H. B. Someil- 
lan, pastor of the Congregational 
Church at Guanabacoa. 

C,Mr. J. Pierpont Morgan and Sir 
William Van Horn are planning to 
expend a great deal of money in Cuba. 
American colonies are multiplying. 
Rev. George L. Todd, the pastor at 
Havana, writes that the material pros- 
perity of Cuba is at hand. 

CNineteen members have been 
elected to membership in the Cove- 
nant Church, Indianapolis, Ind., in 
the last seven weeks. The Sunday 
School has more than trebled in at- 
tendance since Christmas. The church 
room is becoming inadequate. 

C,In the outskirts of Pendelton, 
Ore., in a population of 6,000, a Sun- 
day School has been started by Rev. 
Jonathan Edwards. This was fol- 
lowed immediately by the building of 
a chapel. The Sunday School has 
reached an enrollment of seventy. 

CSunday School attendance at 
Phillips Church, Salt Lake City , has 
risen to nearly 200. At the May 
communion six young people were 
received into the church and others 
are being gathered into a training 
class for the next communion. The 
church building at Provo City is now 
too small for the Sunday School. 

C, Versalles Ward, Matanzas, 
Cuba, in which our church is located, 
has been left without a Roman Cath- 
olic priest. Rev. E. P. Herrick now 
remains as the only clergyman, Cath- 
olic or Protestant, in a large popula- 

CEight persons have made appli- 
cation to unite with the church at 
Havana; among them Mr. Edward 

C.In connection with the visit of 
Superintendent Bross to New Ha- 
\en, a Nebraska Yale Band has been 
formed. Mr. Judson Cross, of the 
middle class, a graduate of Colorado 
College, will spend the summer at 
Silver Creek, Neb. Mr. C. C. North 
and Mr. B. E. Thomas, both grad- 
uates of Nebraska State University, 
and Mr. Horace Holton, of Amherst, 
have already positively pledged to 
the Nebraska work, and others are 
considering it favorably. 

C,A spontaneous movement on the 
part of the community at Plainview, 
Neb., has resulted in a Congregation- 
al organization of sixty-nine members 
with Rev. J. J. Parker as pastor. The 
church will go on vigorously without 
home missionary aid. 


Our Opportunity 


LIFT up your eyes and look on 
the fields, for they are white 
already to harvest!" These 
words of our Lord may well 
come with stirring emphasis to all of 
his people to-day, who are allowing 
the cause of Christ to languish for 
want of means to carry on the work. 
We often wonder how such a thing 
can be, and can no longer excuse our- 
selves with the old plea of "hard 
times" for we know, and every observ- 
ing person can see that the fraternal 
organizations rt ave no trouble to col- 
lect the dues from their members, and 
all forms of secular business seem to 
be, and are thriving in a manner that 
would indicate good times. 

Are "the children of this world 
wiser in their generation than the 
children of light?" The fact is, we 
have been, and still are, failing to 
recognize our opportunity. If we 
could all see, as some who make it 
their business do see, the sin and want 
and woe in some of the districts of our 
cities, and all know as the few know, 
that the souls so lost in sin as to have 
forgotten the desire for the good and 
true, must be sought out, and one by 
one led to the light; if we could all 
see as some of the A. M. A. workers 
see, the superstition and ignorance 
against which the half-emancipated 
people are bravely struggling and 
know the heart yearnings for better 
things, and the ambition to be helpful 
to others of their race; if we could 
all see away over the mountains, out 
here on the western frontier, the vil- 
lages without churches, the homes 
without Christ, the swarms of little 
children with their plastic, wax-like 
hearts ready for any impression, 
whether good or evil, untouched by 
any influence of church or Sunday 
school ; and the vast regions of countrv 

in this garden land, for which Whit- 
man dared so much of hardship and 
peril, almost wholly untouched by the 
gospel of which he was such an able 
champion, I am sure we could no 
longer be indifferent, or even unin- 
terested in this our golden opportunity. 
Why do we not see it? Our Mas- 
ter says, "Lift up your eyes." We are 
looking too low. Our eyes have been 
fixed on the things of the earth, its 
pleasures, its fashions, its social ties, 
its business engagements, and we have 
failed to see the precious souls made 
in the image of God, intended to out- 
shine throughout eternity any earthly 
gem with which we may bedeck our- 
selves. We have been holding these 
crumbling pebbles of earth so closely 
to our eyes that they have shut out 
from our view the pleading, starving, 
dying millions of souls for whom 
Christ died, and whose salvation He 
meant should be our first concern and 
our greatest joy. 

The Individual Back of the 


The individual back of the organi- 
zation without whom indeed the or- 
ganization could not exist, needs four 
requisites for her full equipment. 
The first of these is perhaps informa- 
tion. Nobody is ever interested in 
that of which he is ignorant. With 
one's mind a blank as to the needs, 
the aims, and the successes of any 
cause whatever, one cannot be in 
touch with it ; in effect it does not 
exist, nor have the least vitality for 
those who go on their way, careless, 
indifferent, and, possibly in opposition, 
simply because uninformed. Infor- 
mation is not far to seek. By pen and 
voice and type, by magazine and pa- 
pers, and by the lips of eloquent speak- 
ers from the field, in conventions and 



other meetings, the fullest informa- 
tion is given. Many pass it by ; many 
assert that the literature of missions 
is dull, but it is dull only because they 
have not given it their attention. It 
is a current story of heroism, of brav- 
ery, of romance, which brings a 
breath of purer air into our common 
prosaic world. And the moment we 
begin -to read and listen and assimi- 
late, that moment we are converts to 
the cause of home missions. We are 
like those who looked over a photo- 
graph album of strange faces. The 
faces are strange no longer. They 
have become friendly now, and are in- 
stinct with life and meaning. This is 
the difference between lack of knowl- 
edge and full information. 

And born of information comes a 
sanctified conscience, a clear, electric 
sense of personal responsibility. We 
cannot shirk our duty nor shift it to 
another's shoulders. We it is who 
must answer to God. We have some- 
thing at stake. We go to the frontier 
with the missionary. We drive over 
the bleak and arid fields. We endure 
hardships. We encounter danger and 
privations. It is as when in our war, 
every wife staying at home was still 
at the front with" her husband, every 
mother in the army with her soldier 
boys. The sense of personal respon- 
sibility leads us to prayer, to service, 
to liberal giving. 

In the wake of this personal respon- 
sibility comes enthusiasm. This is 
of the heavens a divine quality. It 
supplies motive power and, as steam 
to machinery, it urges on the matter 
whatever it may be. Woe to the lag- 
gards in any enterprise who lack en- 
thusiasm ! 

And last of all comes consecration. 
Is it more than we ought to give, all to 
Christ — health, strength, love, a full 
day's work? An organization by itself 
is a senseless machine, a thing with- 
out a self. Regarded as an associa- 
tion of fully consecrated individuals, 
it is a thing with a thousand souls, 
throbbing, living, aspiring and forever 
working with the Master for his 
own for whom he died. 

The Lone Star Woman 


Can you see the long stretch of 
dreary desert land, with the huge 
snow capped "Rocky" looming up, as 
a magnificent background for a most 
disheartening outlook ? 

The railroad track resembling a 
monstrous black snake more than any- 
thing else, twists and turns as it seems 
to wriggle across the plain. The mo- 
notony of the scene is beginning to as- 
sume an indigo tinge, when suddenly 
a curious sight appears in the dis- 
tance. What can it be? You rub 
your eyes to be sure you are not 
dreaming of mushrooms of abnormal 
.growth, and as you draw nearer you 
distinguish twelve tents standing in a 
row, as plumb as any row of dwellings 
to be found on Fifth or Common- 
wealth avenues. The conductor of 
the train, noting the surprise depicted 
on the countenance of some of the pas- 
sengers, kindly volunteers the infor- 
mation that "this is a brand new min- 
ing town." You are inclined to rub 
your eyes again, however, for the 
word "Saloon," which appears in 
large letters of gaudy paint over 
eleven of the twelve tent doors, seems 
to convey a peculiar idea of mining, 
until some one suggests that it must 
be an undermining town. The last 
tent in the row was labeled "Lone 
Star Restaurant," and in the door of 
that tent stood a woman, who really 
looked more lonely than did the crude- 
ly painted star above her head. The 
trainman having announced that the 
train made a stop of twenty minutes, 
and several of the passengers taking 
advantage of that fact to "liquor up," 
as one man expressed it, we seize the 
golden opportunity to leave a bit of 
sunshine with the Lone Star Woman. 
We speed across the few hundred 
feet of desert sand, and before either 
woman realizes it we are getting ac- 
quainted. Women of the plains do 
not stand on ceremony as much as do 
women of older settled communities, 
so within five minutes we learn that 



"men must eat and I must work — I'm 
a good cook and I'm making a splen- 
did living." Are you the only woman 
here? With a wistful look and a 
brave gulp, at which you think you 
hear the tears running back into her 
heart, she says quietly, "yes." Are 
you a Christian? "Well, to be honest, 
no. Of course I believe in God with 
my mind, but I don't with my heart. 
Won't you step inside and have a hot 
cup of tea, it'll refresh you." So in 
we go to find a little tea-kettle on an 
oil stove, fairly bubbling its cover off, 
and the "cup which cheers" is before 
you in less time than it takes to tell 
about it. Between sips we endeavor 
to drop the good seed, when suddenly 
she says : "Wouldn't you like to go 
into the other tents and meet the men 
— they'll be respectful to you." We 
go into the other tents to be introduced 
to more bar tenders than we ever met 
before at one time. We leave a plead- 
ing message with each, and refuse 
more than one hearty invitation to 
stay and tell them more. Presently 
the engine whistles a warning note, 
there are hearty hand shakes, there 
are tears dropped, then accompanied 
by all, the "Lone Star" heading the 
procession, we are proudly escorted to 
our train. As we move away we are 
given an unconscious Chautauqua sa- 
lute, some red handkerchiefs, some 
white, some had been white once, 
but, alas ! would never be white 
again. But the good will, the 
unspoken reaching out for that 
something we call "Brotherhood" 
can we ever forget it ? Are you look- 
ing about for a safe investment? Here 
is your golden opportunity. Help 
your Home Missionary Society to 
plant the everlasting Gospel of our 
Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, which 

alone can revolutionize this and all 
other mining towns. 

Conditions in Wyoming 

Let the women of the East read the 
story of Mrs. Annette B. Gray's jour- 
neys and missionary labors in Wyo- 
ming and rejoice with her in the 
privilege, which they may well' envy, 
of ministering Gospel comfort to those 
needy souls on the frontier. 

The past three months have been full of 
variety, adventure, joy and trouble. I have 
been with eleven churches in various capac- 
ities, and assisted in the organization of 
two others ; both having their story of 
pathos and humor. When the church was 
organized at Glendo, the day was cold and 
stormy but the ranchmen and their families 
came, their faces bronzed by storm and 
wind, their grave purpose showing in their 
every look and attitude. What mattered it 
if the communion set consisted of two 
green tumblers, a white plate with a blue 
border, and a bottle of chokecherry wine. 

I went from there to Lusk where I found 
a glorious revival in progress. Here I led av« 
afternoon prayer meeting, also a children's 
meeting and then on again. Everywhere I 
went I was obliged to play and sing. I 
conducted children's meetings each after- 
noon and also preached and visited. The 
children's work is entirely new in this 
State and large numbers attended. 

The second church organized was at Tor- 
rington, in an upper room with sugar bar- 
rels for pulpit and desk, and saw-horses 
and cracker boxes for seats. One of the 
ladies told me that the question of how 
Paul died came up in the Sunday-school, 
and the astounding answer came, "Herod 
had his head chopped off, and brought to 
his daughter in a basin." 

Here Mr. Gray and I assisted the pastor 
in holding a week's meetings resulting in 
about thirty conversions. Here also we 
held the first communion ever held in the 
place, though the neighborhood had been 
settled for twenty years. Fifteen years 
ago they had a Sunday-school which lasted 
for six months, but none since then until 
we organized one last September. 



April, 1903 

Not in commission last year. 

Adams, Frank H., Ma drone, Wash. 

Babcock, J. M., Vernal, Utah. 

Barnes, G. E., General Missionary in Mon. 

Boiler, Benjamin P., Los Angeles, Cal. 

Carlson, Eskiel M., Los Angeles, Cal. 

Clarke. Charles F.. Trent and Newman Lake. Wash. 

Dickinson, Mrs. M. J., Lin wood, Neb. 

Elwell, Robert, Brook Park and Vicinity, Minn. 

Foster, Festus, Malhern City, Ore. 

Graham, Robert N., Addison Center, Neb. 

G riffle.?, Frederick B., La Crosse, Wis. 

Herness, P. .!., Niagara, No. Dak. 

Hewson, Earl, Sappington, Mo. 

Hogan, B. M., Milford and Frisco, Utah. 

Howard, T. W., Koochiching and Valley of B.ainy 

River, Minn. 
Hutchins, Alfred W., Atlanta, Ga. 
Jensen, Charles J., City Point, Wis. 
Kable. E. V., Kellogg, Idaho. 
Kaufman, J. W. F., Sheridan, Wyo. 
Kaufman, R. E., Pueblo, Colo. 
Long, Joseph B., Norfolk Junction, Neb. 
McDermoth, Charles, Aberdeen, Wash. 
Minjares, Velino, Los Angeles, Cal. 
Newton, W. R., General Missionary in La. 
Samsen, Caleb, White Oaks, New Mex. 
Spencer, John A. H., Independence, Okla. 
Sullivan, Thomas, Tacoma, Wash. 
Switzer, Miss Annie E., Holdredge, Neb. 
Watson, Jonathan, Ogalalla, Neb. 
Wilson, Daniel E., Groveland, Minn. 
Wisner, Ernest L., Newman Grove, Neb. 


Anderson, Frank O., Clintonville and Navarino, Wis. 

Anderson, Harold E., Craig, Colo. 

Andrewson, Severt K., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Barnes, Joseph A., Missoula, Mon. 

Barnett, John H., Andrews, Ind. 

Bartholomew, Noyes 0., Denver, Colo. 

Beadenkoff, Thomas M., Canton, Md. 

Bente, C. II., Lawton, Okla. 

Billings, C. S., Evangelist in So. Cal. 

Bjuge, C. B., General Missionary in Minn. 

Blandford, Levi D., Denver, Colo. 

Bown, Frank A., Springfield, Wash. 

Brauan, Seborn R., Art, Asbury, Echo and Head- 
land, Ala. 

Brooks, William H., Lawnview, Okla. 

Burdeshaw, James J., Light, Ala. 

Burton, R. W., Havelock, Neb. 

Calhoun, John C, Tyler, Texas. 

Cash, Elijah, Sherman, So. Cal. 

Chatfield, George A., Whitewater, Colo. 

Cheadle, Stephen A., Ault, Colo. 

Clark, Allen, Minn. 

Connor, W. H., Liber and Portland, Ind. 

Crater, Mrs. Hattie M., Cottonwood Creek and 
Grant, Wyo. 

Crowdis, Edwin G., South Bend, Ind. 

Curtis, Norman R., Denver, Colo. 

Dahlgren. John A., Dover, N. J. 

Davles, William C, Catasauqua, Penn. 

Derome, Jules A., Plankinton, So. Dak. 

Drew, C. E., Hastings, Okla., and Addington, Ind. 

Eckel, Frank E.. Rye, Colo. 

Everly, Milton M., Julesburg, CoTo. 

Ferris, Chester, Great Falls, Mon. 

Fletcher, Rufus W., Forks, Wash. 

Flook, Jacob. Kearney, Neb. 

Grey, Dfvid B., General Missionary in Ore. 

Green, Edward P., Corvallis, Ore. 

Greenlees, Charles A.. Jennings, Okla. 

Griffith, William, M'cHenry, No. Dak. 

Gorton, Philo, Bowdle, So. Dak. 

Harding, William F., A]ya, Okla- 

Hardy, William P., Los Angeles, and La Canada, 

Harger, C. H., Colorado Springs, Colo. 
Harper, Thomas H., Oklahoma City, Okla. 
Harris, T. B., Ft. Valley, Ga. 
Hedstrom, John H., St. Joseph, Mo. 
Herbert, Eben, Thayer, Mo. 
Herrick, E. P., Matanzas, Cuba. 
Hills, William S., Okarche, Okla. 
Huleen, John J., Spokane, Wash. 
Hunt, W. S., Webster, So. Dak. 
Ibanez, Jose M., El Paso, Texas. 
Jackson, P. B., Plains, Mon. 
Jelinek, Joseph, Milwaukee, Wis. 
Johnson, Harry W., New Richland, Minn. 
Johnson, John E. V., Titusville, Penn, 
Johnson, William, Fountain Grove, Mo. 
Juell, Hans G, Climax, Minn. 
Keniston, G. N., Manchester, Okla. 
Kovac, Andrew, Allegheny, Penn. 
Lange, J. G., General Missionary in Okla. 
Larsen, Bert, Merrill, Wis. 
Lewis, Daniel M., Welsh, La. 
Lindman, Adam, Minneapolis, Minn. 
- Locke, J. Frank, Round Prairie, Minn. 
Lonsdale, Frank, St. Louis, Mo. 
Meador, M. O., General Missionary in Texas. 
Moor, David Y., Ridgeville, Ind. 
M'urphy, James S., Denison, Texas. 
Nichols, John T., Seattle, Wash. 
Norton, Milton J., St. Louis, Mo. 
Noyce, Joseph C, Clemen, Neb. 
Okerstein, John F., General Missionary in Conn. 
Olds, Alphonzo R., Umatilla, Ore. 
Olsen, Morton, Hoboken, N. J. 
Parker, L. B., General Missionary in Okla. and 

Ind. Ter. 
Parsons, Dudley, New Brighton, Minn. 
Paulu, Anton, Vining, Iowa. 
Peyton, Frank, Cashion, Okla. 
Philipson, Christian, Racine, Wis. 
Pope, Joseph, Big Timber, Mon. 
Powell, J. B., Renville, No. Dak. 
Preston, Mrs. C. W., Thedford and vicinity, Neb. 
Ratzell, J. P., Indianapolis, Ind. 
Reid, David H., Evangelist in Wash. 
Rives, Charles J., Olivet and Perkins, Okla. 
Roberts, O. W., Keystone, So. Dak. 
Rogers, Osgood W., Medford, Okla. 
Sabol, John, Holdingford, Minn. 
Sather, Bernhard B., Winona, Minn. 
Saunders. Harry L., Wellston, Okla. 
Scafe, Charles R., Fruita, Colo. 
Schofield, John, Indianapolis, Ind. 
Self, William O., Henderson, Ala. 
Sheldon, Charles F., Waukomis, Okla. 
Singleton, Joseph H., Pearl, Idaho. 
Smith, James C, Alexandria, Ind. 
Smith, Thomas, Washington and Glenzen, Ind. 
Someillan, H. B., Guanabocoa, Cuba. 
Steele, John T., Iowa and Vinton, La. 
Strange, William L., Ontario, Ore. 
Taylor, Mrs. S. E., Littleton, Colo. 
Taylor, W. A. Fosston, Minn. 
Thomas, Ivor, Bangor, Penn. 
Todd, George L., Havana, Cuba. 
Travis, David Q., Los Angelas and Brooklyn 

Heights, So. Cal. 
Turner, L. A., Ft. Cobb and Binger, Okla. 
Van Luven, Sanford A., Denver, Colo. 
Veazie, W. C, General Missionary in Colo. 
Vogt, William F., Liberty Creek and De Weese. 

Watson, William H., Red Lodge, Mon. 
Wells, Mark, Baltimore, Md. 
Whiddon, W. Z., General Missionary in Texas. 
Wild, Laura H., Lincoln, Neb. 
Willett, George, San Luis Obispo, So. Cal. 
Williams, Charles W., Avalon, So. Cal. 
Yarrow, Philip W., St. Lonis, Mo. _ 

Zoltak, Miss Mary, Braddock, Penn. 




For account of receipts by State Auxiliary Societies, see 

pages 137-138. 
MAINE— $3.00. 
Portland, West, 3. 

NEW HAMPSHIRE— $1,063.83; of which legacy, 

Derry, I>ea. A. V. Fisher, 1; Dover, 1st, 128.24; 
Hollis, Estate of Mta. M. A. Lovejoy, 500; 
Nashua, Pilgrim, 51; Newport, 15; West Lebanon, 

F. C. I. & H. M. Union of N. H., Miss A. A. Mc- 
Farland, Treas., 360. 
VERMONT— $107. 47. 

Vermont Domestic Miss. Soc., by J. T. Ritchie, 
Treas., 63; Bennington Centre, Mrs. II. II. Har- 
wood, 1.25; Castleton, 5; Manchester, S. G. Cone. 
25; Wey bridge, 13.22. 

MASSACHUSETTS— $5,077.05; of which legacies, 

Mass. Home Miss. Soc, by Rev. E. B. Palmer, 
Treas., 500; By request of donors, 110.48. 

Total 610.48 

Ayer, C. E., 8: Ashburnham, Estate of C. M. 
Proctor, 4; Brookfield, R. B. Montague, 5; Cohas- 
sett, Mrs. R. B. Stetson, .50; Dalton, Miss L. M. 
Chadwick, 1; Dorchester, 2nd. of which 25, from 
Mrs. E. Torrey, 85.95; Greenfield, Estate of C. 
B. Tilton, 435.82; Greenwich, 0; Hatfield, Estate 
of S. II. Dickinson, 475; Haverhill, C. Coffin, 4.50; 
Haydenville, 16.68; Littleton, S. S., 5; Northfield, 
Estate of John L. Mattoon, 931.01; Salem, Taber- 
nacle, 69.37: Springfield, A member of Hope Ch., 
500; Waltham, Mrs. M. C. Roberts, special, 50; 
Wooster, Estate of Albert Curtis, 1,672.64; Wor- 
cester, Miss K. Chapin, 1. 

Woman's H. M. Assoc, Miss L. D. White, Treas. 
For Salary Fund, 193. 
RHODE ISLAND— $50.00. 

Providence, C. E., Beneficent, to const. Rev. A. 
E. Kroni an H. L. M., 50. 

CONNECTICUT— $7,559.97; of which legacies, 

Berlin, 2nd, 44; Brookfield Center, C. E., for 
Alaska, 5; Derby, C. E., 1st, 5; Mrs. C. T. Beards- 
ley, 2; Farmington, S. S., by C. W. Ruic, 14.27; 
Gilead, Estate of Miss II. S. Lord, 9; Green's 
Farms, 35.50; Greenwich, 1st, 12; S. S., 5; C. E. 
5, 22; Groton, 21.19; Kent, C. E., for Alaska, 
9.50; Milford, 1st, 45.1S; S. S., for Cuba, 10.61; 
New Britain, S. S. of the South, 15; New Haven, 
Ch. of the Redeemer. 264.71; Yale College, Ch. of 
Christ, 353.56; C. C. Chalker, 24.96; W. E. Chandler, 
10; New London, 1st, Ch. of Christ, 42.53; North 
Woodbury, North Ch., 23 Annie B. Naramoies' class 
of boys for Salary Fund. 10: Norwich, Legacy of E. 
B. Woodhull, 5,000; Broadway, 1.005; Salisbury, 
10.99; Somerville, 9.75: Suffield, S. S. of the 1st, 5; 
Toland, 38.62; Terryville, to const. Rev. S. E. Evans 
and Miss C. M. Beach II. L. M., 136.82; West- 
ville, 18.23; Wallingford, 1st, 25; 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. TT. W. Jacobs, 
Treas.: Bridgeport, Olivet, Bell Mission, special, 
2: Bristol, II. M. Aux., for Salary Fund, 20; 
Brooklyn, Ladies' Aux., for Salary Fund, 4.55; Dan- 
bury, 1st, S. Soc, Salary Fund, 10; Fairfield, special, 
20; Hartford, 1st. Legacy of Mrs. M. McClellan, 
Salary Fund, 25; 1st, Y. W. II. M. C, for Salary 
Fund, 100; 1st, special, 5; 1st. Mrs. M\ E. Stone, 
for Salary Fund, 5; 1st, Mrs. F. B. Cooley, Salary 
Fund, 75; South. Sow. Soc. special, 10; Farmington 
Ave., Ch., special, 5; Kensington, Salary Fund, 
25: Meriden, 1st, L. B. S., Salary Fund. 10; 
New Haven, Plymouth, Mrs. T. Cowles, Salary 
Fund, 5; Newington, Salary Fund, 4: Poquonock, for 
Salary Fund, S; Sharon, ('. E., Salary Fund. 10; 

Total $343.55 

NEW YORK— $200.14. 

Angola, A. II. Amos. 5; Antwerp, 1st, 21.70; 
Brooklyn, Central, Zenana Band, special, 25: South, 
100; Canaan, Four Corners, C. B„ 3.40: Mt. Ver- 
non, S. S. of the 1st, 2.33; New Haven, C. S. 
Shepard, 10; New York City, S. S., Bethany, 20; 
Armenian Evan., 6.66; Mrs. C. L. Smith, 30; 
Niagara Falls, 1st, 25; Royalton, 1st, 6.30; Rut- 
land, S. S., 3.50; Mrs. S. Merwin, 1.25. 


NEW JERSEY— $27.:. 97. 

East Orange, "K.," 100; Mrs. C. D. Dill, 10; 
Plainfield, 152.55. 

Woman's H. M. Union of the N. J. Assoc, Mrs. 
G. A. L. Merrifield, Treas. : Passaic, Jr. C. E. 
1.42; Plainfield, 10. 

Kane, 1st, 28.28; S. S., 25; Ladies H. M. Soc, 
5; Pittsburg, Friends, for Salary Fund, 45. 

Woman's Missionary Union, by Mrs. D. Howells, 
Treas, 10. 

Woman's H. M, Union of the N. J. Assoc, M'rs. 
G. A. L. Merrifield, Treas.: Philadelphia, Central, 
for Salary Fund, 33.55. 
MARYLAND — $2,462.86, Legacy. 

Baltimore, Estate of Mrs. M. R. Ilawley, 2,462.86. 

Washington, Fifth Ave., 23.61. 
VIRGINIA— 50 cents. 

Snowville, Mrs. N. M. Richardson, .50. 

GEORGIA— $26.40. 

Athens and Wiliford. 1 ; Braswell and Cedartown, 
.."ii; Cochran, 2; Doerun, 2: Hartwell, Liberty Ch.. 
1.50: Rock Force, Newhepe Ch., 2.50; Lifsey, Lib- 
erty Ch., 1.5o; Minerva, Center Ch., 2; Pearson, 
5; Sycamore, S.40. 
ALABAMA— $23.39. 

Received by Rev. A. T. Clarke: Ashland, .50; 
Fredonia, 1.12; Opp, Pleasant Hill, S. S., .50; 
Rosehill, Rev. J. R. Stewart, .50. 

Blackwood, .60; Chulafinne, Fairview Ch., 1; 
Cottonwood, Oak Grove Ch. and Light, .50; Dundee, 
.50; Ft. Payne, Emanuel Ch., 5; Georgiana, .50; 
Opelika, Mt. Jeff Ch., Perote, Corinth Ch., 1; 
Rose Hill, Dothan and Brantley, 2; Ten Broeck, 
Union Hill Ch., 5; Troy, Rev. W. O. Self, 4.67. 
LOUISIANA— $31.01. 

Hammond, S. S., 2.06; C. E., 5; Kinder, 6; 
Welsh, 8.27. 

Woman's Missionary Union, Miss M. L. Rogers, 
Treas.: Hammond, Aux., 4.68; New Orleans, Straight 
University Aux., 5. 
ARKANSAS— $15.54. 

Gentry, 1st, 15.54. 
FLORIDA— $121. 34. 

Avon Park, Union Ch., 9.35; and S. J. Townsend, 
5.63; Bonifay, Westville. Careyville and Crest- 
view, .60; Cottondale, County Line Ch., Chip- 
lev, Shiloh Ch., and Wright's, Union Grove Ch., 
.25; Destin, East Pass Ch., 2.10; Lake Helen, 26.50; 
Melbourne, 23.60; Moss Bluff, 3; Potolo, Esto, 
Caryville, Union Ch., and Warsaw, Harmony Ch., 
5.31: Raiford, Pearl Chapel, 2.85; Taylor, 2.15; 
Wost Palm Beach, .40. 
TEXAS— $20.00. 

Received by Rev. L. Rees: Palestine, 1st, 15.00. 
Dallas, Grand Ave., 5. 

Vinita, 1st, .98. 
OKLAHOMA— $18.25. 

Capron, .75: Harmony, 7.50: Kingfisher, 5; Law- 
ton, 2; Seward, 3. 
ARIZONA— $6.00. 

Nogales, Trinity Ch., 6. 
OHIO— $177.74: of which legacy, $91.74. 

Cincinnati, North Fairmount, 1: Jefferson, to 
const. B. dishing an II. L. M.. 60; Kipton, Estate 
of H. A. Doming, 91.74; Mansfield, 1st, 25. 
INDIANA— $68.00. 

Received by Rev. E. D. Curtis: Fort Wayne, 
Plymouth Ch. and S. S., 64; Washington, 4. 
ILLINOIS— $98.85. 

Delavan, R. Hoghton, Salary Fund. 25. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. M'. S. Booth, Treas.: 
Rockford, 2nd, for Salary Fund, 73.85. 
MISSOURI— $494.41. 

Carthage, 1.15 and Webb City, 1.71: German 
Chs., 2: Kansas City, Westminster, 61.45; Old Orch- 
ard, 3.64; St. Louis, Reber Flaeo Ch., 6; Union, 


Woman's H. M. Union. Mrs. A. J. Steele. Treas.: 
Aurora, 7.20; Bonne Terre, 25, Brookfield, Park Ch.. 
5; Cameron, 8.80; Carthage, II; Eldon, 2; Green 



Ridge, 2; Hannibal Pilgrim, 2.20; Kansas City, 1st, 
25; Beacon Hill, 3.60; Clyde, 15; Ivanhoe Park, 
2.50; Prospect Ave., 3; S. W. Tabernacle, 4; West- 
minster, 30; Cole Camp, 1.50; Kidder, 4; Lebanon, 
4; Maplewood, 2; Neosho, 8; Peirce City, 5; Re- 
public, 2; St. Joseph, 12; St. Louis, Bethlehem, 
1; Comptou Hill, 9; 1st, 99; Fountain Park, 9.60; 
Hope, 5.22; Hyde Park, 5.44; Immanuel, 3.80; 
Memorial, 3; Olive Branch, 1; Reber Place, 3; 
Pilgrim, 74.25; Plymouth, 2; Union, 3; Sedalia, 
1st, 24.30; Willow Springs, 2; Windsor, 2. 

Total $435.41 

Less expense, 21.75 — 413.66 
WISCONSIN— $8.20. 

Ekdall, Grantsburg and Trade Lake, Swedish 
Chs., 1; Fond du Lac, Mrs. J. A. Bryan, .70; 
Glenwood, Scand. Ch., 3; Union, Scand. Ch., 2; 
Wood Lake and Doctors Lake, Scand. Chs., 1.50. 
IOWA— $120.52. 
Iowa Home Miss Soc, by J. H. Merrill, 120.52. 

MINNESOTA— $441.23. 

Received by Rev. G. R. Merrill, D.D. : Crookston, 
23.53; Dodge Center, 7.11; Excelsior, 12.75; Min- 
neapolis, Plymouth, Ch., 46.87; New TJlm, 19.49; 
Wayzata and Groveland, 5.50. 

Bennidji, 4.55; Ceylon, 2; Edgerton, 4.87; Glen- 
wood, 8.55; Mcintosh, 1st, 3.50; Minneapolis, Swed- 
ish Temple, 4.27; Bethany Ch., 10.50; St. Louis 
Park, Union Ch., 11; Triumph, 5. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. A. W. Norton, Treas. : 
Austin, 13.55; S. S., 10; Benson, 1.30; Duluth, Pil- 
grim, 7.25; Excelsior, 6; Elk River, 9.31; Fair- 
mont, 5; Hawley, 4; Lake City, 10; Minneapolis, 
Plymouth, 14; Park Avenue, 20.54; C. E., 2.42; 
Cong. Union, 5; Lora Hollister, 5; Mahkato, 7.10; 
C. E., 5; Mantonville, 5; Marietta, 2: New Paynes- 
ville, S. S., 2.60; New Ulm, 7.30; New Richland, 
10; Northfleld, to const. Mrs. J. Bridges an H. 
L. M., 50; St. Paul, Park, 10.37; Merriam Park, 
Olivet, 10; Winona, 1st, 40; 2nd, 8.32; C. E., 2.68; 
Waseca, 8. 
KANSAS— $13.39. 

Alliance, .73; Ft. Collins, 3.12; and Topeka 
Germans, free contribution, 4.61; Logan, German 
Ch., 4.93. 
NEBRASKA— $1 03 . 56. 

Butte, 2; Crawford, 1st, 32; Exeter, Ch., 28.06; 
S. S. 2.64; Franklin, A Friend, 10; Friend, German 
Ch., 6.91; Germantown, C. E., 2; Hastings, Ger- 
man Ch., 4; Omaha, Cherry Hill Ch., 6.40; Park- 
vale, Ch. Shickley, .50; South Platte, 4.30; Sut- 
ton, German Ch., 3; Wilcox. 

Erratum: Less 19; erroneously reported from 
Trenton, in March. 
NORTH DAKOTA— $127.66. 

Received by Rev. G. J. Powell, Getchell Ch., 
6.04; Christine, 1; Hickson, 2.20; Wolverton, .72; 
and A. H. Merrill, 5; Courtney, 3.50; Dawson 
and Tappan, 4; Dickinson, 5.30; Elbowoods, Ch. 
and S. S., 10; Granville, 2; Kesper, 1.75; Valley 
City, 55. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. J. M. Fisher, Treas.: 
Buchanan, C. E., 6; Dwight, C. E., 1; Fargo, 
Plymouth, 2.55; Mayville, 15; Michigan, C. E., 6.60. 

SOUTH DAKOTA— $148.38. 

Ashton, 5; Canton, 1st, 11.80; Custer, 1st, 7; 
Friedensfeld, Germans, 10; Gettysburg, 2; Ipswich, 
1.50; Mission Hill, 3; Perkins, .92; Sprinfgfleld, 
6.99; Petrus, German Ch., 5; Webster, 15.17. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. A. Loomis, Treas., 

COLORADO— $115.33. 

Received by Rev. W. C, Veazie, Denver, 3d 
Ch., 12; Pueblo, Pilgrim Ch., 11.55; Rye, 11.57. 

Colbran, 2.50; Denver, 1st, 72.71; Sulphur Springs, 
Kremmbling and Grand Lake, 5. 
WYOMING— $16.00. 

Dayton, 1st, 5: Sheridan, 11. 
CALIFORNIA— $114.42. 

Received by Rev. J. L. Maile; Escondido, 25; 
Highland, .50; Los Angeles, Pico Heights Ch., 14. 

t Received by Rev. A. B. Case: Claremont, S. S., 
7.53; W. M. S., 25. 
Pasadena, Lake Ave., C. E., 10; Pomona, Pilgrim 
Ch., 6.75; Los Angeles, Rev. 0. V. Rice, 1; H. 
Shaw, .84; Avalon, 5; San Bernardino, 1st, 7.30; 
Sherman, 1st, 11.50. 

OREGON— $56.83. 

Received by Rev. C. F. Clapp, Forest Grove, 17.83. 

Salem, Central Ch., 4. 

Woman's H. M. Union, by Mrs. C. F. Clapp, 
Treas., 16; Astoria, 4; Dora, Mrs. iS. Abernathy, 
5; Portland, 1st, 10. 

WASHINGTON— $63.25. 

Ahtanum, .50; Blaine, 5; Chewelah, 1st, 8; 
Coupeville, 1st, 10; Deer Park, Open Door Ch., 1; 
Eureka Junction, 1st, 5; Fairhaven, Plymouth Ch., 
6; Kirkland, 1st, 4; Medical Lake, 1st, 5; Natchez 
Valley, 5; Olympia, 1st, 4.50; Touchet, 1st, 2.25; 
West Seattle, 7. 


Contributions $7,879.04 

Legacies 11,582.07 


Interest 89.58 

Home Missionary 44.12 

Literature .80 

Receipts in April, 1903. 
Josiah D. Evans, Treasurer. 
Buffalo, Fitch Memorial, 4; Brockton, 5; Clare- 
mont Park, 7; Grand Island, 10; Martens Church. 
4.60; Parkville, C. E., 5.26; Randolph, 10.97; Rod- 
man, 26; Savannah, 15; Syracuse, Plymouth, Ch. 

Total $269.39 


Receipts in April, 1903, 

Rev. Edwin B. Palmer, Treasurer. 

Andover, Abbott, Mrs. S. E., Estate of, 200; Ar- 
lington Heights, 30; Ashby, 10.60; Becket, 14; 
Berkeley, 6; Billerica, 10.75; Boston, Berkeley Tem- 
ple, 12.73; Boylston, 62.53; Charlestown, Winthrop, 
33.15; Dorchester, Vill., Ladies' H. M. Soc, towards 
H. L. M., 17.06; Italian, 10; "L.," .50; Roxbury, 
Immanuel, 6.27; South, Phillips, 36.39; Bancroft, 
W. B., 10; Union, 71.74; Bedford, West, 6.96; 
Brackett, fund, Income of, 80; Brociton, (Cam- 
pello), South, S. S., 24: Lincoln. 2: Brookline, Bel- 
cher, Miss A. T.. 20; Howard, 131.08; Cambridge, 
12.77; Chesterfield, 2.21; Chicopee Falls, 2nd, 28.98; 
Concord, 29.04; Dalton, 150; Easton, Center, SO; 
Fall River, Central, 52.36; Fowler, 14.04; Finns, by 
Rev. A. Groop, 20.77; by Rev. K. F. Henrickson, 
7.90; Fitchburg, Rollstone, 24.92; Gloucester, a 
friend, for Beth. Chapel, 45; West, 17; Great 
Barrington, Housatonic, 23; Greenfield, 2nd, 39.89; 
Gurney, R. C, fund, Income of, 31; Liquidation 
Div'd Suf. Bank, 8; Haile, S. W., fund, Income 
of, 50; Hale, E. .1. M., fund, Income of, 50; Haver- 
hill, Center, 58.29; Hawley, 1st, 2.65: Lawrence, 
Swedes, 8.80; Lowell, Pawtucket, 15.75; Maiden, 
Maplewood, 19; Swede, 5; Marion, Pitcher, annuity 
of, 40.08; Mass, a friend, 10; Medfield, 2nd, 26 
Medford, West., C. E., 8; Medway Village, 8.64 
Melrose, Orth., 75; Middleboro, North, C. E., 5 
Monson, 35.02; Fuller, G. E., 10; Monterey, 4.41 
New Hampshire, H. M. Soc. for Greek work, 50 
New Marlboro, 1st, 2; Mill River, 5; Southfield, 4 
Newton, Auburndale, (of wh. 80 for C. H. M. S.), 
271.09; Center, 1st, 108.06; Davis, Mrs. J. W., for 
Italian work, 5; Eliot, including Easter offering ot 
544.86, 809.86; Northbridge Center, 26; Whitinsville, 
Penny-a-day Band, 13.27; Norwegians, 2.70; Pelham, 
3: Polish Return, .49; Reed, Dwight fund, Income of, 
132; Rochester, North, 1.35; Rollins, fund. Income 
of, 20; Shelburne, towards H. L. M. of C. H. M. S. 
43.40; Sisters fund, Income of, 80; South Hadley 
1st, 24.50; Springfield, Hope, 28.58; Olivet, 18 
Stoneham, 31; Sutton, for C. H. M. S., 8.33; Upton 
5; Wall fund, Income of, 48; Walpole, Orth., 12 
Ware, East., (of wh. 12.15 for Cuba), 297.89 
Wareham, 9.34; Wellesley Farms, a friend, 50 
Hills, towards H. L. M., 11.40: Westport, Pac. Un 
S. S., 14.11; Whitcomb, David, fund, Income of 
122; Whit-n, .T. C, fund, Income of, 206; Whit 
man, 6.93; Williamstown, White oaks, 1; Win 
Chester, 1st, Pastor and Deacons, Skillings annu- 
ity, 80; S. S., 15; Tenney, Miss I. B., Est. of 
750; Worcester, Piedmont, 27. 

Woman's H. M. Association, by Miss Lizzie D. 
White, Treas., towards salary of Miss Tenney, of 
Fr. Am. College, 50; towards salary of Mrs. May, 



Italian Missionary, (2 inn's), 70; to work of Miss 
Mary Truhlar, Pole Bib. Reader, 37.05, 157. 65. 

Total $5,885.96 

Home Missionary, 2.80 



Receipts in April, 1903. 

Ward W. Jacobs, Treasurer, Hartford. 

Bethel, Mission Circle, 5; Bristol, 1st, 13.34; Bur- 
lington, S. S., 5.20; Central Village, 5.92; Cheshire, 
24.5(1; Collinsville, Swedish, 12.50; East Hartford, 
South, 10.78; Hartford, Park, 63.48; Litchfield, 1st, 
4.24; Meriden, 1st, "Cheerful Givers," for Italian 
work, 25; Middletown, 1st, 37.81'; New Haven, 
Grand Ave., 1st, 27.43; Howard Ave., 10.50; 
Humphrey St., E. E. Mix, i; New London, 1st, 
11.68; North Madison, 18.50; Oakville, 21; Shelton, 
13.10; Staff ordville, 2.87; Thomaston, 10.87; Volun- 
town, Rev. J. Elderkin, 7; Washington, Swedish, 
5.04; West Haven, 1st, 10.75; West Stafford, 6; 
Winchester, 24.21; Woodbury, 1st, 7.11. 

W. C. H. M. U. of Conn., Mrs. G. Follett, Sec- 
retary: Newington, II. M. S., salary fund of M. 
S. C, 21; Meriden, 1st, Guardian Society, salary 
fund of M. S. C, 20; Bequest of J. S. Welles, late 

of Hartford, 10,000, Total $10,443.83 

M. S. C, $10,443.83. 


Receipts in April, 1903. 

Rev. J. G. Fraser, Treasurer. 

Akron, Miss Davies, 5; Ashtabula, 2nd, 22; Swed- 
ish, 3; Austinburg, J. Folios, 1; Belpre, 25; Center 
Belpre, 0; Chester, J. M. Johnston, 1; Chillicothe, 
5.67; Cincinnati, Walnut Hills, 34.61; Cleveland, Pil- 
grim, 70; Columbus, Plymouth, S. S., 5.93; Cuya- 
hoga Falls, Ch. and S. S., 15.45; Greenwich, 5.35; 
Huntsburg, S. S., 10; K. E. S., 5.25; Lorain, 1st, 
40.46; Mansfield, Mayflower, 12.55; Mesopotamia, 
Ch. and S. S., 5: North Amherst, 3.35: Oberlin, 1st 
S. S., 18.02; Prof. A. S. Root, 5; Peking, China, 
W. S. Ament, D.D., 5; Pittsfield, 4; Plain, 4.10; 
Rochester, 3.50; Springfield, 1st. 7.40; Steubenville, 
14.26; Wauseon, 1.50; Weymouth, 5; Youngstown, 
Plymouth, C. E., 5. 

Mrs. G. B. Brown, Treas. 

Chardon, W. M'. S., 1.95; Cleveland, 1st, W. M. S, 
6; Columbus, Eastwood, W. M. S., 3.25; Cuyahoga 
Falls, Y. L. M. S., 5; Kent, W. M. S., 4; Lorain, 
C. E., 2.50; Jr. C. E., 1.50: Marietta, Oak Grove, 
M. B., 1.80; Harmar, W. M. S., 11:65; Sullivan, 
W. M'. S., 1.30; Toledo, 1st, Legacy, Miss Sarah 
Clark, 25; 2nd, J. M. C, 5; Central, S. S., 5; 
Wauseon, W. A., 3.60; Wayne, \V. M. S., 2.50; 
Windham, C. E., 2.50; Chillicothe, S. S., 1.63. 

Cleveland, Pilgrim, 70; Ohio Woman's Miss. 
Union, Mrs. G. B. Brown, Treas., Unionville, S. 

S,, 5. Total $508.58 

Reported at the National Office in April, 1903. 

Bennington, Vt., L. H. M. S., box, 175; Brook- 
lyn, N. Y., L. B. S., of Tompkins Ave. Ch., 
two barrels and package, 203.70; East Alstead, N. 
H., Aux. of the N. H. Female Cent. Institution 
and H. M. Union, box and barrel, 35; Hartford, 
Conn., L. B. S. of Asylum Hill Ch., two boxes, 
332.13; Montclair, N. J., L. H. M. S. of 1st Ch., 
two barrels, 127.52; Norwich Town, Conn., 1st Ch. 
barrel, 100; St. Albans, Vt., Aux. to W. H. M. U. 
box, 155.95; Sharon, Conn., barrel, 75; Thompson, 
Conn., 1st Ch. of Christ, two barrets, 145.21; West 
Hartford, Conn., L. H. M. S. of Elmwood. barrel, 
90.34; Wethersfield, Conn., L. A. S., box and bar- 
rel, 131.38. Total $1,571.23 

Received and reported at the rooms of the Woman's 
Association, Boston, from April 1st, 1903, to 
May 1st, 1903. Miss L. L. Sherman, Secretary. 

Boston, Old South Sewing Circle, 7 barrels and 
box, 784.15; Bristol, R. I., 1st Ch. Aux., barrel, 
75.75; Holbrook, Winthrop Ch. Aux., barrel, 61.74; 
Holyoke, 2nd Ch. Aux., cash 98, box 162; Lowell, 
High St. Ch. Aux., box 50.30; North Middleboro, 
Aux., box 64.29; Pittsfield, 1st Ch. F. W. S., box, 
296.27; Providence, R. I., Central Ch. Aux. box, 
156.21; Spencer, Aux. barrel, 62.95; Springfield, 
Hope Ch., Aux. box, 100; Westboro, Aux. barrel, 


Rev. John P, Sanderson, Lansing, Treas. 

Receipts in April. 

Ada, 1st S. S., 1.30; Addison, 2.20; Alba, C. E., 6; 
Algansee, 4.55; Allendale, 3; Allenville, 6.86; Al- 
mont, 24.35; C. E., 10; Alpena, 15; Alpine and 
Walker, 16; >S. S., 5; Alpine Center, 7; Armada, 
35.75; Athens, 21; Atlanta, 5; Augusta, 20; Bald- 
win, 2.94; Bancroft, 5.42; Bangor, 1st, 2.35; S. S., 3; 
Bass River, 5; Bay City, C.E., 5; Bedford, 4.52; Beld- 
ing, 30; Bellaire, 39; Benton Harbor, 48.82; S. S., 
4.57; C. E., 5.80; Benzonia, 14.45; C. E., 10; Big 
Prairie, 5; Big Rapids, 1st, 20.60; Twp., 9.13; 
Big Rock, 10.50; Bradley, 15.95; Bridgeport, 
2.68; Brimley, 11; Bronson, 7.85; C. E., 5; C. E., 
Jr., 2; S. S., 2.15; L. M. S., 2.50; Butternut, 
15; Cadillac, 15.10; Cannon, 17; Cannonsburg, 3; 
Carmel, 8.25; Carson City, 8; Carsonville, 1.69; 
Cedar, 3.15; Cedar Run, .50; Central Lake, 9.50; 
S. S., 7.50; Cheboygan, 25; Chelsea, 8; C. E., 
50; Chesterfield, 3; Chippewa Lake, 3 ; Cleen and 
Marilla, 5; Clinton, 10; C. E., 15; Clio, 20; 
Coloma, 5.61; Conklin, 15; Constantine, 13; Cooper, 
3; S. S., 4.38; Copemish, 5.50; S. S., 2; Coral, 
10.25; Crystal, 5; Custer, 10; Detroit, Woodward 
Ave., 189.69; Plymouth, S. S-, 5; Fort St., 35.50; 
Mt. Hope, 7.50; Brewster, 30; North, 45.35; Dex- 
ter, 6.70; Drummond, S. S., .50; Durand, 18.06; 
Eastlake, 5; S. S., 15; Eastmanville, 7; East Nel- 
son, S. S., 5; East Paris, 5; Eaton Rapids, 47.65; 
C. E., 10; S. S., 5.20; Edmore, 20; Ellsworth, S. S., 
3.50; Essexville, 10.75; S. S., 3.27; Farwell, 5.35; 
Fenwick, 4.50; Flint, S. S., 13.35; Frankfort, 
22.30; Freeport, 21; Fruitport, 10; Gallesburg, 
14.18; S. S3., 5; Gaylord, 13.44; Genesee, 2; Glad- 
stone, 8.25; Grand Junction, 14.10; Grand Ledge, 
22.75; Grand Rapids, 1st, 100; Barker Mem., 1.25; 
Barker Mem. S. S., 3.01; City Union, 50; Green- 
ville, 56.87: Hartland, 9.64; Hilliards, 11; Home- 
stead, 7.20; Honor, 13.90; S. S., 4.10; Hopkins 
Station, 24.30; Howard City, 2.54; Hudsonville, 
12.35; Ironton, 6.50; Iroquois, 3; Jackson, 1st. 
52.94; S. S., 15.81; Mrs. Kassick, 5; Plymouth, 
3; Plymouth, C. E., 10; Kalamazoo, 73.15; Kalamo, 
7; S. S., 2; Kalkaska, S. S., 4; Kenton, S. S., 
5.10; Lakeview, 31.75; S. S., 2.05; Lamont, S. S., 
3; Lansing, Plymouth, 106.36; Plymouth, S. S., 
21.89; Pilgrim, 22; Mayflower, 2.52; Leroy, 15; 
Lewiston, S. S., 7.34; Litchfield, 15.92; Lowell, 
10.85; Luzerne, 3.20; Mancelona, 23; Manistee, 
41.72; Maple City, 3.60; Mattawan, 4; Memphis, 
17; Merrill, 15; Milletts, 5; Morenci, 16.05; Mus- 
kegon, 1st, 26.75; Bible School, 8.22; Newaygo, 
10; Mrs. J. F. A. Raider, 1; S. S., 1.23; New 
Haven, 13; Northport, 10; S. S., 12.77; C. E., 5; 
Nunica, 10; Olivet, 43; S. S., 3.82; Omena, 6; 
C. E., 3.40; Onekama, 2; Onondaga, 10: Otsego, 
22.35; Oscoda Co., White School House, 2.75; Ovid, 
19.20; S. S., 19.62; C. E., 10; C. E., Jr., 5; 
Owosso, 23.50; S. S., 5.30; Perry, 20; Pinckney, 
15; Pine Grove, 14.50; Pittsford, 5; Pleasanton, 
10; Pontiac, 42.75; Port Huron, 1st, 372; 25th 
St., 14.80; S. S., 4.20: Ross Mem. S. S., 7.30; 
Sturges Mem. S. S., 11.86: Portland, 37.09; S. S., 
12. (i4; Port Sanilac, 1.14; Ransom, 3; Rapid River, 
4.15; Red Jacket, 34. S5; Reed City, 20.67: Rock- 
ford, 2; S. S.. 6.58; Rockwood, 2; Rodney, 1; 
Romeo, 81; C. E.. 10; Rondo, 5; Rosedale, 10.25; 
Royal Oak, 2.50; Ryno, 1.S0; Saginaw, 1st, 140; 
Genesee Ave., .50; S. S., Prim.. 4.42; S. Inter- 
mod., 2.38; St. Clair, 34.95; St. Johns, S0.43; S. S., 
13.87; C. E., 3; St. Joseph, 64.27; Saugatuck, 
6.15; Shaftsburg, 1.57: Shelby, S. S., 5; Sheridan, 
19.50; C. E., 3: Sherman, 10; Sidney, 7.25; Six 
Lakes, 10: Somerset, 3.40; South Haven, S. S., 
8.32; South Lake, Linden, 20; Thompsonville, 9.82; 
S. S., 4.18: Three Oaks, 68; S. S., 7.03; Traverse 
City, 42; Union City, 7.50; S. S., 5; Utica, 2.60; 
Vanderbilt, 15: S. S., 3.85; Vermontville, 60; Ver- 
non, 8.50; Vicksburg, 14; Wacousta, 3: S. S., 3.70; 
Warren, 3; Watervliet, 23.84; Wayland, 16.62; 
Wayne, 26.25; C. E., 10.60; S. S., 9; Westville, 
5; Wheatland, S. S., 4.52; White Cloud, 10.25; 
Whitehall, 6.39: S. S., 4.50; C. E., 3.61; C. E., Jr., 
1.50; Williamston, 10.50; Wol.erine, 17.50; Wy- 
andotte, 10; Ypsilanti, 16.50; C. E., 10; Rent of 
Ionia property, 5. 

Estate of F. A. Kent, of Hudson 328.70 

W. H. M. U. of Mich 988.64 

Total $5,483.07 

Congregational Home Missionary Society 

Eastern Representative 
R. A. Beard, D.D., Congregational House, Boston, Mass. 

Field Secretary 
Rev. W. G. Puddefoot, South Framingham, Mass. 


Moritz E. Eversz, D.D., German Department, 153 La Salle St., Chicago, 111. 
^ Rev. S. V. S. Fisher, Scandinavian Department, Minneapolis, Minn. 

Henry A. Schauffler, D.D., Slavic Department, Cleveland, Ohio. 

Edw. D. Curtis, D.D Indianapolis, Ind. Rev. G. J. Powell..... Fargo, N. Dak, 

Rev. S. F. Gale'. Jacksonville, Fla. Rev. H. Sanderson Denver, Colo. 

Geo. R. Merrill, D.D Minneapolis, Minn. J. D. Kingsbury, D.D. (New Mexico, 

Alfred K. Wray, D.D Carthage, Mo. - Arizona, Utah and Idaho) 

Rev. W. W. Scudder, Jr West Seattle, Wash. Salt Lake City, Utah 

Rev W. B. D. Gray Cheyenne, Wyo. Rev. John L. Maile Los Angeles, Cal. 

Harmon Brbss. D.D. . , Lincoln, Neb. Rev. C. F. Clapp Forest Grove, Ore. 

Rev. A. T.Clarke Shelby, Ala. | 5 rz Woodland Terrace, 

Frank E.Jenkins, D.D... . Atlanta. Ga. I Philadelphia, Pa. 

Rev. Luther Rees Paris. Tex. Rev. W. S. Bell V Helena, Mont. 

Rev. W. H. Thrall . ....Huron, S, Dak, Rev. J. Homer Parker ..Kingfisher, Okla. 

Secretaries and Treasurers of the Auxiliaries 

Rev Charles Harbutt, Secretary... Maine Missionary Society 34 Dow St., Portland, Me. 

W. P. Hubbard, Treasurer " " " Bos 1052, Bangor, Me. 

Rev. A. T. HUlman, Secretary, New Hampshire Home Missionary Society Concord, N. H. 

Alvin B. Cross, Treasurer " " • Concord, N. H. 

Charles H. Merrill, D.D., Secretary Vermont Domestic St. Johnsbury, Vt. 

J. T. Ritchie, Treasurer " St. Johnsbury, Vt. 

Rev. Joshua Coit, Secretary Massachusetts Home / 609 Cong'l House, 

Rev. Edwin B. Palmer, Treasurer l Boston, Mass. 

Rev.J. H.Lyon, Secretary. Rhode Island " Central Falls, R. I. 

Jos. Wm. Rice, Treasurer.. ' .Providence, R. I. 

Rev. Joel S. Ives, Secretary , . .-. Missionary Society of Connecticut .Hartford, Conn. 

Ward W. Jacobs, Treasurer " " ..Hartford, Conn. 

Rev. C. W. Shelton, Secretary New York Home Missionary Society, Fourth Ave. and 22d St., New York 

Josiah D. Evans, Treasurer 

J. G. Fraser, D.D., Secretary ....Ohio Cleveland, Ohio 

J. G. Fraser, D.D., Treasurer " , ^ " -•• Cleveland, Ohio 

James Tompkins, D.D., Secretary..... , Illinois f «53 La Salle St., 

Aaron B. Mead, Treasurer " " l Chicago. 111. 

Homer W. Carter, D.D. , Secretary .Wisconsin " ' • Below, Wis. 

C. M. Blackman, Treasurer " " Whitewater, Wis. 

T. O. Douglass, D.D. , Secretary Iowa ," Grinnell, Iowa 

J. H. Merrill, Treasurer - " " • Des Moines, Iowa 

WilliamH. Warren, D.D. .Secretary..: Michigan Lansing, Mich. 

: Rev. John P. Sanderson, Treasurer " " Lansing, Mich. 

Rev. Henry E. Thayer, Secretary Kansas Congregational Home Missionary Society Topeka, Kan. 

H.C, Bowman, Treasurer... " " Topeka, Kan. 

Rev. J. K. Harrison, Secretary .California Home Missionary Society San Francisco, Cal. 

- Geo. H. Morgan, Secretary Congregational City Missionary Sodety Sr. Louis, Mo. 

Rev. W. W. Newell, Superintendent St. Louis, Mo. 

Lewis E. Snow, Treasurer " " St. Louis, Mo. 

American Printing House, 312 to 320 East 23d Street, New York. 

Pte 8 

The Old Reliable 



Absolutely Pure, 

Leavening the Nation 

By Dr. J. B. CLARK 

A Thrilling Story of American Home Missions! 
A Book for Every Library , Every Home! 

The Examiner (Baptist) says: "A fascinating and instructing story it is. . . . Dr. Clark has 
rendered a timely and important service, and we trust that the members of all our churches will 
avail themselves of the information he has gathered from all quarters for our quickening and 

The Congregationalism says : "The volume jwhich Dr. Clark now sends forth enshrines 'in 
permanent and attractive form the annals of one of the greatest Christian movements which the 
world has yet witnessed. We know not where to look for a book comparable to this in its scope, 
fullness and accuracy of detail, and skilful handling of the vast material at the author's disposal." 

JAMES S. DENNIS, D.D., Students' Lecturer on Missions, Princeton, 1893 and 1896 : 
" I know of no book on Home Missions so informing and valuable to an earnest reader as 
'Leavening the Nation.' A careful and thoughtful perusal cannot fail to put one into historic 
sympathy with the missionary enterprise, and awaken an intelligent comprehension of its immense 
import. It is a happy combination of history and heroism, of patriotism and pious achievement, 
of expansion in its best light, and the noblest aspects of the making of a great nation." 

Full 12mo, illustrated, net, $1.25. Sent, postpaid, on receipt of price. Address 


287 Fourth Avenue New York^City 



50 Cents a Year 


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OUR NORTHERN FRONTIER, w. H. Warren, D.D. . . . *39 


The Providence Meeting — Changes in the Massachusetts Office. 


Royal Welcome, Rev. A. E. Krom 147 

Eloquent Response, Newell Dwight Hillis, D. D. 148 


Leader ....... . 149 

Significant Council of War, Rev. Ernest Bourner Allen. 149 

Opening Remarks, by the Leader. 150 

Organized Missionary Effort, Rev. Ernest Bourner Allen. 151 

Trained Missionary Leadership, Harry Wade Hicks. 153 

Value of a True Motive, Don O. Shelton. 154 

Debt of Young People to their Country, Francis E. Clark, D. D. 155 

Their Opportunity, N. McGee Waters, D. D. 156 

THE WOMAN'S MEETING, Mrs. Washington Choate, Presiding . 158 

Bird's-Eye View, Miss Frances J. Dyer. 158 

Alaskan Life and Work, Mrs. H. Hammond Cole. 161 

Among the Slovaks, Miss Mary Zoltak. 162 

Glimpse of Anglo-Saxon South To-day, Mrs. H. S. Caswell-Broad. 163 

ARY SOCIETY . . . . * . . .164 

1803-1903, T. Calvin McClelland, Ph. D. 164 

Address by the President, John F. Huntsman. 166 

The New East in its Relation to the New West, Reuben A. Beard, D. D. 166 


Paper by Secretary Washington Choate, D. D. 


Congregational Church Building Society, C. H. Richards, D. D., Secretary. 169 

Sunday School and Publishing Society, W. A. Duncan, Ph. D„ Field Secretary. 170 

Congregational Education Society, Theodore Clifton, D. D., Secretary. 171 


The Foreigner in New England, Rev. Joel S. Ives. 172 

Mormonism, J. D. Kingsbury, D. D. 173 

The New England of the Northwest, Rev. W. W. Scudder, Jr. 175 

Problems of the New Southwest, A. K. Wray, D. D. 176 

A Plea for my People, Rev. H. B. Someillan. 177 


An Unsolved Problem, Rev. W. G. Puddefoot. 178 

Reasons for Encouragement, Burton W. Lockhart, D. D. 179 

The Inspiration of Congregational Home Missions, Nehemiah Boynton, D. D. 180 


Congregational Home Missionary Society 

Cyrus Northrop, LL.D., President 
Joseph B. Clark, D.D. Washington Choate, D.D. 

Editorial Secretary Corresponding Secretary 

Don O. Shelton, Associate Secretary 
William B. Howland, Treasurer 

Executive Commit te 
Edwin H. Baker, Chairman Charles L. Beckwith Recording Secretary 

Rev. John De Peu Edward N. Packard, D.D. Frank L. Goodspeed, D.D. 

Watson L. Phillips, D.D. N. McGee Waters. D.D. Sylvester B. Carter 

Edward P. Lyon Rev. William H. Holman George W. Hebard 

Thomas C. MacMillan William H. Wanamaker C. C. West 

S. P. Cadman, D.D. 
LEGACIES.— The following form may he used in making legacies : 

I bequeath to my executors the sum of dollars, in trust, to pay over the same in 

months after my decease, to any person who, when the same is payable, shall act as 

Treasurer of the Congregational Home Missionary Society, formed in the City of New York, in the 

year eighteen hundred and twenty-six, to be applied to the charitable use and purposes of said 

Society, and under its direction. 

HONORARY LIFE MEMBERS— The payment of Fifty Dollars at one time constitutes an 
Honorary Life Member. 

Fourth Avenue and Twenty-second Street, New York, N. Y. 



vol. lxxvii JULY-AUGUST, 1903 

NO. 4-5 





By Rev. Wm. H. Warren, D. D. 

GOING west from our Atlantic 
seaboard, Michigan is the 
first state to which the above 
designation applies. It is 
but little more than fifty years 
since the whole state was north- 
ern frontier. To-day, about one-third 
of it is the home of pioneers. Log 
cabins and rudest shacks constitute the 
homes of a sturdy population of no 
small proportions. As compared with 
states farther west, it is small in ex- 
tent. The traveler from the east, 
however, has different impressions. 
After he has journeyed from New 
York to Detroit, he must travel a still 
greater distance, before he has trav- 

ersed, by the most direct route, the 
length of the state. At the Straits of 
Mackinaw, he is about midway be- 
tween the two extremes of the state. 

Michigan has 1,500 miles of navi- 
gable coast, and about 5,000 inland 
lakes. To no state in the interior 
portion of our country do so many 
people come from near and far, for 
rest, recreation and health in the sum- 
mer, as to Michigan. Mackinac Is- 
land was a central point for the early 
Romish missionaries from France and 
for the fur traders, before we had a 
national existence. Here Mrs. Jere- 
miah Porter, after her long journey 
of hundreds of miles through the 



wilderness, began her noble life work. 
As in the past, so to-day, it is one of 
the most attractive and picturesque 
spots to be found, at home or abroad. 
The shores of Little and Grand Trav- 
erse bays and of many of the inland 
lakes, with their clean waters and in- 
vigorating climate, are thought by 
many to equal, if not surpass, in at- 
tractiveness even this gem of the 
Straits. Our aim is to do our utmost 
to make our state as helpful and up- 
lifting to the moral and spiritual well- 
being of men, as it is to their physical. 
In the past, Michigan pine has been 
of the finest, but her pine forests are 
for the most part no more. The 
wealth which has come from them, 


while enriching some of our citizens, 
has in large measure been accumulat- 
ed by men in other states, who bought 
large tracts of pine lands here in the 
early days. Our richest copper mines, 
too, to a large extent represent east- 
ern capital, and the proceeds enrich 
grand old Boston more than any other 
portion of the country. The hard 
wood forests are still very extensive 
in many parts of northern Michigan. 
The strip of country along the east- 
ern shores of Lake Michigan, extend- 
ing inland from fifteen to twenty-five 
miles and from the extreme southern 
border of the state well north towards 
the Straits, constitutes what is known 


as the fruit belt. Peaches do not grow 
farther north than the Traverse re- 
gion. From some of the largest ship- 
ping points, more than 150 thousand 
baskets of fruit are shipped each day 
in the height of the season to the east, 
west and south, many of them going 
in refrigerator cars as far east as 
New York and Boston. 

While the southern tiers of counties 
were settled at about the same time 
as northern Ohio, Indiana, Illinois 
and southern Wisconsin, a large pro- 
portion of the rest of the state is 
comparatively new country. The tide 
of emigration, a generation ago, swept 
westward and left northern Michigan 
in large part as much of a wilderness 
as ever. Since then this tide west- 
ward has from time to time receded 
and people from both the east and the 
west, as well as from other lands, 
have settled in this Peninsula State. 
For instance, hardy men from Car- 
son City, Nevada, when it was a 
booming town in its early days, came 
back to Michigan and named the place 
where they settled for the one they 
had recently left. Many towns in 
southern Michigan are named for 
places in New York and New Eng- 




land from which the early settlers 

Men do not usually go into the lum- 
bering and mining portions of the 
State with the intention of becoming 
settlers and making permanent homes. 
They go to> make money, expecting 
to go back to "God's country" as they 
call it, to enjoy the results of their 
toil. It is the permanent settlers, who 
follow the lumbermen, who are to give 
character to the country. A hetero- 
geneous population is to be found in 
almost every com- 
munity, large or 
small. Nearly 
every part of our 
country and every 
foreign country 
from which emi- 
grants come to our 
shores is repre- 
sented here. 
Thirty-three nat- 
ionalities are found 

church and the ministry, there is no 
one instrumentality which is doing 
more to build up the most sterling 
manhood and womanhood, especially 
in these newer communities than the 
church of Christ. There are no men 
who have wielded in the past, or who 
are wielding to-day a more potent 
and beneficent influence in these com- 
munities than our home missionary 
pastors and the pastors of our strug- 
gling self-sustaining churches. When 
southern Michigan was our northern 
frontier, our home 
missionary pastors 
and churches were 
at the front in 
every effort for 
the building of a 
Christian state. 

C o n s i der our 
educational inter- 
ests. Judge Cooley 
says in his "Michi- 
gan" in the Amer- 



within a few square miles, in the 
Copper Country." 

The great problem here as every- 
here else is how can people of such 
divergent tastes, customs, conditions 
and aims in life be helped into the 
noblest and truest manhood and wo- 
manhood. In spite of the fact that 
there are those who are disposed to 
discount the effectiveness of the 

ican Commonwealth series, "The 
newer states of the Union in framing 
educational systems have been glad 
to follow the example of Michigan 
and have had fruitful and satisfac- 
tory success in proportion as they 
have adhered to it." Where did 
this system come from? Again let 
Judge Cooley speak: "John D. Pierce 
had been sent out in 183 1 by the Con- 



gregationalists as a home missionary." 
He was deeply interested in the edu- 
cational welfare of the territory. 
When Michigan was received into 
the Union, Gov. Mason, the first gov- 
ernor of the state was urged to ap- 
point Mr. Pierce, the first superin- 
tendent of Public Instruction. Once 
more Judge Cooley says : "The result 
was his appointment to the office and 
the commitment to his control of the 
whole subject of State education, with 
the charge and management of a mil- 
lion acres of land. The Legislature 
called upon him to prepare and report 
a system of common school and uni- 
versity education, and the report was 
made, approved and adopted the very 
year the State entered the Union. The 
system reported has in the main been 
in existence ever since." It will thus 
be seen that the high position of our 
State in educational matters is directly 
due, in large measure, to the home 
missionary work which the Congrega- 
tionalists of the East made possible on 
our north ern 
frontier nearly 
sev enty-five 
years ago. 

Professor Wil- 
li s t o n Walker 
calls attention to 
the fact that in 
1845 Rev. L. 
Smith Hobert, 
pastor at Union 
City, a home 
missionary pas- 
tor of a frontier 
home missionary 
church, first pro- 
posed a "Gen- 
eral Convention 
of Western Congregationalists," to 
debate concerning denominational ad- 
vancement. As is well known, this 
convention was held in July, 1846. 
Dr. Walker adds that this impulse 
which went out from Michigan re- 
sulted in the Albany Convention. 
The relation of these two gatherings 
to our National Council cannot be 
questioned. We can but recognize 
our debt of gratitude to the home mis- 
sionary pastors and the churches of 



Michigan in the forties for the bless- 
ings which have come to us through 
our National Council. 

According to the same eminent au- 
thority, in the following decade the 
frontier pastors and churches of Mich- 
igan, appreciating the importance of 
having a seminary for ministerial edu- 
cation near at hand, took steps which 
finally led to the organization of Chi- 
cago Theological Seminary in Sep- 
tember, 1854. The grand work which 
the faculty, students and alumni of 
that institution have accomplished dur- 
ing the nearly half century of its exist- 
ence is, in part, the fruitage of the seed 
planted in frontier Michigan fifty years 

Our missionary pastors of to-day 
are worthy successors of those into 
whose labors they have entered. A 
few months ago a Sabbath was spent 
in one of these northern homes, where 
there was a missionary pastor, his wife 
and three bright children, living on a 
most meagre income. The pastor took 
delight in doing 
the janitor work 
of the little 
church at $2.00 
per month that 
he might save 
the $24 thus 
earned to give to 
m i s s i ons be- 
yond his own 
borders. With 
such a spirit in 
the hearts of all, 
we should no 
longer hear the 
present urgent 
calls for money 
with which to 
carry on the Lord's work, but, like 
Moses of old, we should have to cry 
out : "Hold ! there is enough and 
to spare." Only a few days ago 
an urgent call came to enter a 
field where there were three small 
hamlets of early settlers. No Chris- 
tian work is done there by any de- 
nomination, yet the want of both men 
and money compel us to turn a deaf 
ear to this call for the present. Such 
calls are not infrequent. These mis- 





sionaries are a resourceful set of men. 
On a recent visit with one of them he 
had moved his fowls from their low, 
small quarters to others he had pre- 
pared in an empty dry goods case. 
The horse had been crowded into the 
hen house, where he was comfortable, 
while he had his head down in the low 
manger, eating hay or grain. The 
pastor dryly remarked that the horse 
had to telescope himself • when he 
wished to turn around or come out of 
his cramped quarters. A rough shed 
furnished shelter for the cutter or 
buggy and a bale of pressed hay. The 
accompanying cuts will illustrate the 
homes and surroundings of many of 
our people, and will give a vivid im- 
pression of present conditions on our 
northern frontier. Often our mis- 
sionaries break a path for their. horses 
through deep snowdrifts, or stop to 
cut away a huge tree which has fallen 
across their lonely road, as they drive 
from one preaching point to another, 
or visit the homes of their people. 

There are 346 Congregational 
churches in Michigan, of which 118 
are home missionary churches. Two- 
thirds of these are in the newer por- 
tions of the State. There are nearly 
25 more which, if they had regular 
services, could do so only with mis- 
sionary aid. Out of the 346 there are 
not more than 15 which pay their own 
pastors a salary of $1,500 or over. 
There are not more than 25 others 
which pay a salary of from $1,000 to 
$1,500. This year, in spite of the lim- 
ited resources thus indicated, we are 
doing our utmost to raise and expend 
$17,000, a little more than half the 
amount spent annually by the parent 
society when Michigan attempted self- 
support eleven years ago. It is an 
herculean task we have undertaken. 
No other State with such an extensive 
frontier, with the single exception of 
Wisconsin, is attempting to spend so 
much from its own resources on its 
missionary work without aid from the 
parent society. A marked feature of 
our work is illustrated by the fact that 
no new church has been organized 
during the last ten years in any com- 
munity where there was a Protestant 
church of any other denomination, ex- 
cept in two or three instances where it 
was generally recognized that there 
was need of another church. 



The Providence Meeting 

OF nearly every annual meeting 
since 1881, when the series 
began, some one, and often 
many, have said : "This is 
the best yet." While the statement 
cannot be absolutely true, there is 
always a measure of truth in it. Every 
meeting seems to be the best which 
is up to date in its main issues and 
when these are discussed by able advo- 
cates. It has been the aim of the So- 
ciety to make each successive anniver- 
sary timely in its predominant themes 
and to secure for speakers those per- 
sonally interested in their discussion. 
The Providence meeting had several 
such points of immediate interest. 

Wp ■£ W£ 

It was the first gathering under a 
new order of members, and the ex- 
periment worked without a jar. The 
number of elected delegates present 
was as large as could have been ex- 
pected in the first stage of a new 
method. It was proved, however, as 
every one anticipated, that a meeting 
so far eastward as Providence would 
gather mostly eastern representatives. 
Distance and the cost of travel were 
against a large delegation from the 
West and South. Yet a goodly num- 
ber from these sections were present, 
enough to represent the more distant 
churches. As interest shall grow in 
the experiment it may be that churches 
themselves will feel the justice of de- 
fraying the expenses of those whom 
they elect to do their will in the ad- 
ministration of home missions. 

The first distinct recognition of the 
young people in a national home mis- 
sionary anniversary was an event of 
peculiar interest. Two sessions were 
devoted to them, Tuesday afternoon 
and evening, both led by Associate 
Secretary Don O. Shelton. Young 
and old flocked in great numbers to 

these meetings and from minute to 
minute the interest seemed to deepen. 
The timeliness and significance of this 
movement made a deep impression, 
and were the topic of frequent com- 
ment and congratulation throughout 
the entire meeting. This feature alone 
would justify the highest possible 
estimate of the Providence anniver- 
sary. The speakers were at their best. 
The warm spiritual tone of Mr. Shel- 
ton's two addresses struck the right 
chord and found a quick response. 
Mr. Shelton will be heartily accepted 
by the young people and by all friends 
of the Society as a remarkably com- 
petent leader of the movement. Rev. 
Ernest Bourner Allen's paper, not 
read but delivered with singular 
power, bright with thought, incisive 
and often witty, and charged through- 
out with a downright earnestness and 
practical wisdom, made a strong im- 
pression. Mr. Harry Wade Hicks of 
the American Board in his practical 
talk was business to the fingers' end. 
His suggestions for the organizing of 
young people for missions were man- 
ifestly the ^fruit of deep thought and 
wide experience. Dr. Francis E. 
Clark, whose presence at such an hour 
was of itself an inspiration, exalted 
the patriotic side, stirring the aspira- 
tions of the young and the memories 
of the old to a wonderful degree, while 
the closing address by Dr. N. McGee 
Waters of Brooklyn, on "Their Op- 
portunity," was a masterly specimen 
of platform eloquence such as our mis- 
sionary gatherings have seldom en- 
joyed. Under these gracious aus- 
pices the young people's movement 
for home missions has been initiated 
in a manner and with an impulse that 
promise marked results in the very 
near future. 

•6 *6 18 

A special feature of the Providence 
meeting was the centennial of the 
Rhode Island Home Missionary So- 
cietv. Its story was rehearsed in an 



entertaining way by Dr. McClelland 
of Newport, its purpose and aims 
described in a thoughtful address by 
President Huntsman, and its larger 
relation to the national work pointed 
out in an eloquent way by Dr. R. A. 
Beard, our New England representa- 

The bird's-eye view of the Women's 
meeting by the practiced pen of Miss 
Frances J. Dyer and a quite full re- 
port of the addresses of Mrs. Cole, 
Miss Zoltak and Mrs. H. S. C. Broad, 
all under the skillful direction of Mrs. 
Washington Choate, make editorial 
comment superfluous. 

»p ^ ^ 

The field work of the Society was 
perhaps never better represented than 
at Providence. Secretary Ives' strik- 
ing figures and facts, Dr. Kingsbury's 
flashing pictures of Utah and the 
Mormons, Superintendent Scudder's 
modest but moving claims for Wash- 
ington, Dr. Wray's impassioned ap- 
peal for Missouri and Pastor Someil- 
lan's touching story of conditions in 
his native Cuba, all united in creating 
a session of unusual interest and 

^ •£ •» 

The annual sermon of Dr. Hillis 
called out an audience that filled every 
inch of room in the Beneficent Church, 
and satisfied fully the large expecta- 
tion of a critical audience. The 
preacher was at his best and for more 
than an hour poured out his soul in 
a. discourse of great power upon the 
burning home missionary problems of 
the day. This sermon will be printed 
in full and will be mailed to all who 
shall request a copy. . The closing 
session was enriched by three ad- 
dresses from men who have proved 
themselves masters of assemblies. 
Mr. Puddefoot's attempt to read part 
of his speech from manuscript was 
quite as amusing as any sallies of wit 
he ever perpetrated and when at the 
end of ten minutes, he threw it vig- 
orously behind him, the house came 

down with applause. His theme was 
suggested by a recent trip through 
the Southland and his plea was for 
the white South. A new speaker on 
the home missionary platform was Dr. 
Burton W. Lockhart of Manchester, 
N. H., and few have ever proved more 
winsome in the matter as well as in 
the manner of address. He discussed 
with singular power and interest the 
"Reasons for Encouragement." Then 
the high note of the evening and of 
the whole meeting was struck by our 
old time friend, Dr. Nehemiah Boyn- 
ton of Detroit in a fervid address on 
"The Inspiration of Congregational 
Home Missions." Large extracts 
from these and from all the utterances 
of the week will be found upon the 
following pages, and while to those 
-who were there they will be pleasant 
echoes of a rare occasion, to the many 
unprivileged to be present they will 
furnish a fair conception of one of 
the most inspiring gatherings ever 
held in the interests of American 
Home Missions. 

*? H *| 

The heart of such an anniversary is 
its Business Meeting. This was in- 
troduced at Providence by the clear 
and admirable paper of Secretary 
Washington Choate, D. D., entitled 
"A Marked Year." Nothing won 
heartier applause than his statement, 
repeated later and with the same ap- 
plause, by Treasurer William B. How- 
land, that the year had closed without 
debt and with a balance in the Treas- 
ury of $3,500. If the applause was 
intended as a recognition of the skill 
of the Executive Committee in cover- 
ing the work of the year with an in- 
sufficient and even reduced revenue, it 
was well deserved. But if the out- 
burst denotes satisfaction with a state 
of things that forbids a forward step 
in any direction, it was mistaken, for 
there is little reason for congratula- 
tion in such a fact. If the Providence 
business meeting, so quiet and har- 
monious in every respect, lacked any 
one thing, that lack was an apparent 
failure to appreciate the desperate need 



of a Society without revenue adequate 
to the splendid opportunities and the 
imperative demands of its work. 

Notably Chairman Edwin H . 
Baker's informal statement of the at- 
titude of the Society toward the vari- 
ous recommendations of the National 
Council was timely and most enlight- 
ening. It appears from this statement 
that every deliverance of the Council 
touching the Societies has been ap- 
proved by the Home Missionary Soci- 
ety, save one. That one was care- 
fully considered in conference with 
other Societies interested, and found 
by them all to be undesirable and im- 
practicable. Resolutions of sympathy 
with Dr. L. H. Cobb, and warmly ap- 
preciative of his services as Secretary 
of the Church Building Society for 
the past twenty years, were cordially 
adopted, and the invitation of Plym- 
outh Church, Des Moines, la., to hold 
the next Annual Meeting in that city 
in October, 1904, in connection with 
the National Council, was heartily 
welcomed and referred to the Execu- 
tive Committee to carrv into effect. 

Changes in the Massachusetts 

Rev. Joshua Coit, Secretary of our 
Massachusetts Society for twenty 
years, will henceforth divide the cares 
of the office with Dr. F. E. Emrich of 
South Framingham, who as Secretary 
will devote his time to the field, while 
Mr. Coit, as Corresponding Secretary, 
will conduct the business of the office. 
Few and perhaps no one of his pre- 
decessors have held this office as long 
as Mr. Coit, and none of them have 
rendered a more faithful or more 
fruitful service to the cause of Home 
Missions, State and National. Mr. 

Coit has been par excellence a busi- 
ness secretary, equipped by nature and 
by training for the administration of 
affairs. Entering the office about the 
time when the Swett legacy became 
available, his labors, as well as those 
of Treasurer Palmer, were suddenly 
and very greatly increased. Most suc- 
cessfully has he met the new respon- 
sibility. The foreign work has grown 
rapidly under his hand, and its flour- 
ishing condition at the present time is 
largely the fruit of his untiring zeal. 
His annual reports from year to year 
are as far as possible from being mere- 
ly formal statements of the work. 
Taken altogether, they are a treasury 
of facts and figures bearing upon the 
missionary conditions of the State, and 
presented in a form at once compre- 
hensive and entertaining. As Secre- 
tary of our chief Auxiliary, and be- 
cause of his personal qualifications, 
Mr. Coit has been regarded by his 
brother secretaries as a sort of "Dean 
of the Faculty," and they have not 
been slow in seeking his counsel and 
laying upon him burdens which he 
has cheerfully borne in their name. 
Many friends will unite in wishing to 
him continued years of service in a 
work that is so dear to his heart. 

Rev. Dr. Emrich, who succeeds as 
Secretary, is of Swedish and German 
ancestry, speaking several languages, 
and familiar, through his long connec- 
tion with its Missionary Board, with 
the conditions of the State, especially 
with the needs of foreign populations. 
At one time he was earnestly solicited 
to take charge of the Scandinavian 
Department of the National Society, 
but declined. No better choice could 
have been made for the Massachusetts 
work. Dr. Emrich is an able speaker, 
a most genial man, and in fullest sym- 
pathy with the churches and missions 
chiefly dependent upon the State So- 


A Royal Welcome by Rev. As bury E. Krom, Pastor of the Beneficent Church 
Eloquent Response by Newell Dwight Hillis, D. D., Brooklyn, President of the Society 

The Welcome 

THE importance of this occasion is 
so significant that it makes every 
minute golden and every oppor- 
tunity for speech a sacred re- 
It has been the glory of the Home Mis- 
sionary Societies in America that they have 
taught a conception of Christianity large 
enough and rich enough to include the 
ideals of Christian 
citizenship. The 
story of the best 
in the laying of 
(the foundations of 
our Western civ- 
ilization is the 
story of the pa- 
tience/ the sacri- 
fice and self-deni- 
al of our mission- 
aries on the home 

The West is 
what it is to-day, 
with all its vigor 
and sturdiness be- 
cause the men 
who were of the 
advance guard 
bore in one hand 
the Stars and 
Stripe's and with 
the other hand 
they waved the 
crimson banner 
of the cross. We 
cannot make the 
foreign masses at 
our doors good 
citizens unless we 

make them good Christians ; but let us not 
forget they will only be half Christians 
unless we remember to make them good 
citizens. We cannot, therefore, lift the 
ideals of government too high. We cannot 
enforce the duty of citizenship too strong. 
The more unattainable an ideal is the 
more men will seek to realize it, and the 
motive power for this effort is to be found 
in the Christian church, and especially in 
that part of the church represented by this 


My brothers, it is because of the great 
need we have for you that leads us to open 
wide our arms and in the name of the great 
missionary, Jesus of Nazareth, to bid you 

It seemed to those who extended to you 
the invitation in behalf of us all that there 
was a peculiar fitness in your coming to us 
at this time. There is no virtue in the 
calendar. Yet it is 
significant that the 
Home Missionary 
Society of this 
State completes 
this year a centu- 
ry of its exist- 
ence. It has been 
a century of work 
of which the socie- 
ty may justly feel 
proud. To esti- 
mate the changes 
that have taken 
place along every 
line during the 
century would re- 
quire volumes. In 
all the changes 
that have led to 
higher ideals, and 
a larger life, this 
Home Missionary 
Society of the 
State has had a 
significant part. If 
the 77th anniversa- 
ry of the larger 
society was to join 
in the anniversary 
occasion of the 
smaller on the field of its victories it was 
necessary that you should come to Provi- 
dence. This is all there is of the State, 
contrary reports notwithstanding. 

Your welcome is the welcome, too, of a 
Congregational city to a Congregational so- 
ciety. We have not all been immersed. 
There is a prevailing faith that the baptism 
of God's spirit has more virtue than Paw- 
tuxet water. If I were not the pastor, I 
should say that there is a good reason why 
your society should come to the Benefi- 



cent Church. At a time when your society 
was not as it is now, and at a time when 
this church needed strong, vigorous leader- 
ship, it gave to the Home Missionary So- 
ciety one of its ablest and most beloved 
secretaries, Dr. Alexander Huntington 

Mr. President, members of the Congrega- 
tional Home Missionary Society, and 
friends, I bid you welcome to the city of 
Providence, to the Congregationalism of 
the city, and to all that lies in the power 
of this church to offer you. 

The Response 

With generous hospitality, you people of 
the old city have already welcomed our 
delegates to your homes and your hearts; 
and now you, sir, have by your gracious 
words, added a new meaning to a formal 
welcome. We are not unacquainted with 
the history of this city of Providence and 
with this little State of Rhode Island, for 
the fame of your State has gone out into all 
the earth, and the words of the founder of 
your commonwealth unto the ends of the 
world. It is a matter of especial pride to 
us as Congregationalists that the founder of 
your city and your State was himself a 
Congregationalist and an Independent, and 
that but for a short time in his life was he 
known as a member of the Church that we 
speak of as Baptist, identical with us in 
their polity, and for the most part in their 
theology and in their view of the right of 
the State to its own self-government. 

And we know something about your city 
on the side of its educational institutions. 
Here we have sent, many of us, from our 
homes and families, our noblest and brav- 
est boys, and here these young men have 
lighted the torch of their learning from the 
fires of your altars and have borrowed here 
from your thinkers in libraries and lec- 
ture halls the scholar's blameless spirit 
and his beautiful life. 

I should be unfair to the cities and towns 
of the interior if I did not here, as Presi- 
dent of this society, make recognition of 
the fact that from your pulpits have come 
some of our preachers, men most scholarly 
and most eloquent, and most devoted as 
teachers of the Lord Jesus Christ; and, as 
a citizen of Brooklyn, I should be unfair to 
my city if I did not here say something 
about a man whose name will always be 

dear to Congregationalism here, even as it 
is sacred to the Congregational churches of 
Brooklyn, the name of A. J. F. Behrends. 

We shall never forget the interest the 
Congregational churches of the city of 
Providence and the State of Rhode Island 
have always had in our home missionary 
work. You have sent to us two great emi- 
grations, two great movements from this 
State, that have made their way to Ohio, 
and even to Minneapolis and the city of St. 
Paul and the great .State of Minnesota. 
There never has been a time when men 
have been needed as officials, as leaders, as 
secretaries, but that in a critical hour we 
could appeal to you ; and for a hundred 
years you have responded to our appeals 
with your generous contributions, and this 
has meant a great deal to the officers of 
this society in connection with their work. 

The directors who are expending your 
money can only do what you ask them to 
do through your gifts. I bespeak your pa- 
tient attention to the reports of the secre- 
taries. I bespeak for these directors your 
generous gifts. I know of no place in the 
world where your money will go farther, 
and where you will do more to shape this 
young republic, if you believe in the Ameri- 
can home and the family as the foundation 
of this republic, if you believe in the free 
school, in the Christian academy, in the 
young Christian college, in the great Chris- 
tion schools, like Jacksonville, and Carleton 
College, and Franklin Academy, and a score 
of others that I could mention — fifty to 
sixty of them — if you believe in these 
churches that have sent to you many and 
many hundreds and thousands of your 
preachers, your educators, your mission- 
aries, your physicians and your statesmen — 
if you believe in these things, then you 
cannot but be interested in the deliberations 
of this society, as we are assembled during 
these three days to consider the problems 
of the churches, the perils of the communi- 
ties, the strategic importance of the rural 
church, as we make our plans for another 

You have done us good, sir, by your 
words of welcome, and I trust that we will 
do you good by the considerations that are 
to be presented here as to the relation of 
the Home Missionary Society of the Con- 
gregational churches to this republic and 
to the institutions .of our country, and to 
our common Christian life. 





A most significant Conference, conducted by Don O. Sheiton, Associate Secretary anc 

addressed by the leader ; also by Harry Wade Hicks of the American Board, 

Rev. Ernest Bourner Allen of Toledo, Ohio, Francis E. Clark, D.D., 

Founder of the Christian Endeavor Society, and N. McGee 

Waters, D.D., Pastor of Tompkins Avenue Church, 


A Significant Council of War 

THE Young People's Confer- 
ence was a council of war. 
Christian conquest was the 
theme, and the whole cam- 
paign was carefully con- 
sidered. The brief but adequate after- 
noon and evening were packed with 
points on organizing the cohorts and 
training the leaders, while the magnifi- 
cent motives for the war, the debt of 
every soldier for its prosecution, and 
the unequalled strategic strength of 
the battlefield itself were inspiringly 
presented. It ought to tell, and it will. 
Associate Secretary Don O. Shei- 
ton, and every one who aided in the 
planning, are to be congratulated on 
the idea, the inception and the cul- 
mination of the Conference. One 
might as well try to put Pike's Peak 
in his pocket as to summarize its mes- 
sage and meaning. That such a Con- 
ference was held is notable recogni- 
tion of our young people, and marks 
a new epoch in the forward movement 

of modern missionary endeavor. It is 
only deeper honor to the noble fathers 
in Israel, whose work has been exact- 
ing and heroic, to say that their sons 
and daughters are eager to meet the 
needs of to-day. They merit and will 
respond to leadership — a leadership in 
which they themselves are privileged 
to have a part. 

The Conference should result in im- 
mediate and wider circulation of mis- 
sionary literature. The papers by Mr. 
Sheiton and by Mr. Harry Wade 
Hicks are classics in their importance. 
Every young people's society should 
do two things : ( i ) Secure copies of 
these addresses as soon as they are 
put in leaflet form, and place them in 
the hands of every officer of the so- 
ciety and of every member of the mis- 
sionary committee; (2) secure copies 
of this issue of the Home Missionary 
Magazine, in order (a) to place it in 
the hands of young people and others, 
and (b) solicit subscriptions. This 
will be a helpful way of showing ap- 
preciation for this splendid magazine 



and of aiding the cause it represents. 

In this connection it is to be hoped 
that our Home Missionary leaders will 
continue to prepare and recommend 
for us the best literature. Why may 
we not have a Home Missionary 
library as comprehensive in scope and 
as fundamental in purpose as that 
presented by the foreign missionary 
movement to-day? We need it and 
it will have to be pushed. Such a 
library in the possession of a young 
people's society to-day will mean 
men, money and mastery to-morrow. 
Let us also have periodic book lists. 

Some means should be devised to 
bring the conference to the doors of 
other sections of the country. This 
could be accomplished if it were made 
a permanent feature of the annual 
meeting of the Congregational Home 
Missionary Society. Going to differ- 
ent parts of the country from year to 
year it would inspire the youth of that 
section, while the influence of the con- 
ference itself, judging from the results 
this year, would have no small effect 
upon the larger meeting following it. 

If the matter cannot be perpetuated 
thus, we of the middle west shall be 
glad to see some young peoples' con- 

ferences, in charge of Messrs. Shel- 
ton and Hicks, assisted by those whom 
they may call to co-operate, where the 
motive, method and opportunity of 
missionary endeavor are presented. 
With such men as Dr. Boynton of De- 
troit and Dean Bosworth of Oberlin 
easily accessible, not to mention oth- 
ers, it ought not to be an impossible or 
expensive matter to agitate, educate 
and organize for missionary endeavor. 
Every new generation demands and 
deserves education and a new genera- 
tion arises not less frequently than in 
college where the constituency changes 
every four years. 

Five factors, then, the conference 
has developed : A much-needed em- 
phasis upon the fundamental motive 
for missionary endeavor; a new in- 
spiration to undertake and carry on 
greater conquests for the King; a 
felicitous recognition of our youth, 
their power and opportunity ; a de- 
mand for missionary literature and its 
wider circulation ; finally, a call for 
the perpetuation of the conference idea 
and work. 


/. The Afternoon Toting People s 


Opening Remarks by Don O. Shelton 

In opening the meeting Mr. Shelton 
said, in substance : We are met to get 
an enlarged view of the part young peo- 
ple may take in extending the kingdom 
of Christ in America and the world. Prob- 
ably no one thing is more essential than 
the recognition on our part of the dignity 
and possibility of our calling as Christians. 
We are a vital part of the church militant. 
Our outlook, our intelligence, our enthu- 
siasm, our zeal, are required and may be 
made strong factors in the extension of 
the kingdom. 

Each one of us is to take his part as 
promptly and energetically in the task of 
bringing the world to a knowledge of 
Christ as did the faithful men in the early 

days, whose quick obedience to their Lord 
and whose keen vision for opportunities 
of doing His will changed the destiny of 

It is incumbent upon us that we find 
and fill the place the Master has for us. 
That we may do this we must have a clear 
understanding of the present-day enter- 
prises of our Lord. This conference is 
for the purpose of suggestion, instruc- 
tion, inspiration. We trust that it may 
mark the beginning of a well-planned, skill- 
fully directed and prolonged educational 
campaign among the 350,000 young people 
in the Congregational churches of Amer- 

There are four ways by which we may 
cultivate the attitude and the spirit that 
are so essential in a leader. First, we must 



get from the chief missionary book, the 
Bible, a clear view of the plan of God for 
the world and come into sympathy with 
His plan. Without this knowledge and this 
sympathy there is apt to be but slight in- 
clination to open the pages of any book 
that deals with the present acts of Christ 
on the mission field. 

One must rid himself of the thought 
that all mission literature is dull. Some 
of the most captivating, most stirring and 
most beneficial books of our time are those 
that deal with missions. 

Deliberately set out to become familiar 
with the chief characteristics of the vast 
work of the Home Missionary Society and 
of the other Congregational mission boards. 
One hour and a half would be sufficient 
to acquaint one's self with the outline of 
their activities. 

Devote some time every month to the 
reading of the Congregational mission mag- 
azines. Thus there will come a fuller view 
of the extensiveness of our mission enter- 
prises, and a clearer understanding of the 
opportunities and requirements of the 
boards. The Home Missionary has recently 
been enlarged, improved and quickened, and 
it is the purpose of the executive committee 
to issue a magazine that in appearance 
shall be dignified and beautiful, and in con- 
tents vivacious, vigorous and instructive. 
Many tributes from competent critics en- 
courage the belief that this purpose is 
being realized. One of the most competent 
authorities has said of it that in appearance 
and contents it is unexcelled. 

In these ways: (1) By seeking to get 
a clear view of the purpose of God for 
mankind; (2) by recognizing the cheering 
fact that some of the most entertaining 
and valuable literature of our time is 
mission literature; (3) by resolutely 
acquainting one's self with the outlines, 
at least, of the activities of the Congrega- 
tional missionary societies, and (4) by giv- 
ing time each month to the mission maga- 
zines, each disciple of Christ will come to 
have a deep, practical and enlarging in- 
terest in Christian missions. 
_ The demand of the hour is for intel- 
ligent leaders. The beginning of greater 
mission interest in every church depends 
on the presence and work of a wise, force- 
ful, zealous leader. Study, therefore, to 
be a leader whom others will be prompt 
and happy to follow. Our Congregational 
Home Missionary Society has arranged this 
young people's conference in the belief 
that the pointed and suggestive words 
spoken here, and the reading of these strong 
words by many thousands who cannot meet 
with us, will result in a large increase 
in the number of Congregational young 
men and women, who, having the same de- 
voted spirit that marks the mission work- 
ers who are in the thick of the fight, will 
steadily develop this same devoted spirit 

— the spirit of the Saviour — in the lives 
of the young men and women in the home 

Address by the Rev. Ernest Bourner 
Allen, Toledo, Ohio 

Mr. Allen spoke on "The Value of Or- 
ganized Missionary Effort." He said in 
part : The value of organized missionary 
effort among young people can never be 
measured or over-estimated. 

If we speak of values, everything depends 
upon the standard. By the divine stand- 
ard, values in men and women are infinite. 
Measured by results, — souls saved, churches 
established, civilization changed, — the val- 
ues are stupendous. No yardstick or col- 
umn of figures can keep pace with them. 

If we speak of organization we have 
only to turn a page of history. There was 
a time when a mass of men, led by a 
Xerxes, was called an army. It met a 
master in the Macedonian phalanx. This 
in turn was destined to be swept away by 
the Roman legion. To-day the swift evo- 
lutions of our modern army would over- 
come legion, phalanx and mass too swiftly 
to furnish comparison. 

We live in the new era. Within our own 
lifetime it has opened and, advanced. The 
present organization of our young people 
has given the church a new crown of glory 
and of responsibility. The development of 
young peoples' societies, notably Christian 
Endeavor, a Congregational pioneer; the 
vast uprising of youth in the Student Vol- 
unteer Movement ; the new movement in 
our Sunday schools for more intelligent 
instruction ; not to speak of increased num- 
bers securing collegiate training, a large 
proportion of whom are Christians — all of 
these are significant and cheering signs of 
the times. 

These movements and their fruitage have 
given our youth recognition heretofore un- 
known. They are treated as an integral 
part of the church, not a body to be 
amused, but trained and used. Number- 
less doors of opportunity have swung open 
for them. They have begun to have a 
chance. Where nothing was expected of 
them two decades back, now everything is 
entrusted to them. Never were such hosts 
of them in training for the varied and diffi- 
cult tasks of the new century. The out- 
look is enchanting and encouraging. Ger- 
ald Massey's couplet, giving his opinion on 
leaving America, is apropos : 

"Everything is humming, but it isn't all 
Everything is coming, but hasn't yet 

The fundamental motive of this great up- 
rising of the last twenty-five years is the 
missionary spirit. Losing that, the whole 



movement dies ; indeed it would be inex- 
plicable. We are recognizing the force of 
this inexorable syllogism : 

Major premise: If any man have not 
the spirit of Christ, he is none of His. 

Minor premise: The spirit of Christ is 
the missionary spirit. 

Conclusion : If any man have not the 
missionary spirit he is not Christ's. 

It is to our own young people, organized 
for service, animated by the missionary 
spirit, that the divine values of life must 
be so presented that the great task of the 
20th century, which is the evangelization of 
the world, shall be faithfully attempted and 
divinely accomplished. 

We must never lose sight of the Mas- 
ter's ministry. With one great, compelling 
word He revolutionized men's ideas and 
changed their ideals. That word was 
"Father." His far-reaching purpose was 
to get men into right relations with God, 
out of which would come right relations 
with their fellow-men. He was Himself 
God's richest expression of willingness to 
enter into that relation. To have a friend 
in Jesus was to have a friend in God. 
What Jesus was, God is. One glimpse, 
therefore, of His humble, unselfish, unique 
and sacrificial service, one look at the cruci- 
fied and risen Lord, is enough to give life 
an overmastering purpose when we see the 
divine value set upon the .sons of men. To 
fulfill this purpose is to carry on the mis- 
sionary enterprise. The value He set upon 
it is revealed in what He did. No standard 
of value can be higher, holier, or more sig- 


There are five aids to effective mission- 
ary effort. The first two are easily se- 
cured, but the last three are the product of 
long, hard, costly work. Let him retire at 
once who seeks a royal road to the arousal 
of missionary interest. 

1. A prayerful, level-headed missionary 

2. A regular missionary meeting. 

3. The examination, recommendation, 
and circulation of missionary books and 

4. The cultivation of systematic giving 
by assuming complete or partial support of 
some field or worker. 

5. A patient, persistent presentation of 
the facts about Home Missions. 

In dosing, Mr. Allen said: "Where 
there is no wood the fire goeth out." Facts 
are the fuel for your fire. The leader who, 
under the permission of his strategic board, 
the missionary committee, goes to battle 
with old, poorly constructed weapons, de- 
serves the defeat he courts so wantonly. 
In a day of rifles he cannot fight with a 
blow-gun. No man ignores the Civil 
War because he is conversant with the 

war with Spain and gets his timely illus- 
trations from the latter. No worker de- 
preciates Stephen's stoning who recalls the 
massacred martyrs at Shansi. But the dif- 
ference in range is something tremendous. 
Yesterday is far away. To-day presses 
close upon us. Get and give the facts of. 

Read history. The history of America is 
the history of Home Missionary foresight, 
heroism, sacrifice and victory. Let the 
youth of New England match the fore- 
sight and perseverance of the fathers in 
giving money and men for "the wild and 
woolly West." Let the youth of the 
Northwest Territory know the origin and 
meaning of the Ordinance of 1787, when 
American Nationalism had its birth, and 
face the question whether there would be 
any union to-day had it not been for those 
fearless home missionary prophets of a 
century ago. The remotest foreign field is 
more accessible to-day than were those new 
settlements at the beginning of the nine- 
teenth century. 

Follow currents events. Take immigra- 
tion. April 10, 1903, was a record breaker, 
for 10,236 souls entered at Castle Garden, 
making over 40,000 in ten days. Where 
did they go? The majority of them to our 
cities where beats the heart of the nation. 
There are groups of foreigners in some 
cities larger in number than in any city of 
their homeland ! What nationality do they 
represent? Not so sturdy, thrifty and 
promising a class as the emigrant of ten 
years ago. Here is a task for all that a 
man has of Christian heroism and patience. 
Study a single Western State, Montana, 
of which it is affirmed by an authority that 
it will hold all the population of the globe 
and then have a ratio of but fifteen to an 
acre! What issues are involved in its life! 
Shall we neglect to plant and support there 
the gospel of Jesus Christ? 

Think of the problem in a typical town 
in Michigan's upper peninsula. When I 
visited it a few years ago it was estimated 
to have 1,200 population and fourteen sa- 
loons. There was not a building of brick 
or stone. The streets were laid out, but the 
walks were mostly boards nailed on top 
of the stumps still standing. The stores 
were one-story board structures. Two pa- 
pers furnished the news. Two big mills 
furnished labor. And in that spot was not 
a single church, Sunday school, service of 
any kind! Why? We need money and 

All of this means that in getting and 
using the facts we must vitalize what is 
only an abstraction to many by translating 
it into the concrete. We must magnify the 
enterprise in the eyes of all. And we must 
attempt to match the spirit of sacrifice on 
the field by similar sacrifice in our own 



Address by Hr. Harry Wade Hicks, 
of the American Board 

Mr. Harry Wade Hicks, of the American 
Board, spoke on "How to Secure and 
Maintain a Trained Missionary Leadership 
in the Young People's Society." He said 
in part : 

The need of an able leadership in mis- 
sionary work among young people's socie- 
ties has never been more apparent than at 
the present time. The following points will 
illustrate in detail the conditions which 
demonstrate the importance of raising up 
and maintaining an able body of leaders in 
every church : 

1. Quite universal ignorance of the his- 
tory, present status, problems and achieve- 
ments of home and foreign missions pre- 
vails not only among young people, but the 
older members of the churches. By ignor- 
ance is meant a correct understanding by 
each individual of this great work as con- 
trasted with a general, vague and indefinite 

2. Among young people especially is 
there ignorance regarding the denomina- 
tional societies, including their history, 
fields of work, opportunities and present 
needs. This is in part explained by the 
looseness of the organization of the de- 
nomination, but the fact does not find in 
this a sufficient reason for existence. 

3. With comparatively few exceptions, 
the missionary policy of the young people's 
societies seems to lack foresight, dimen- 
sions and motive. Stated in other words, 
the work that is done is carried on because 
something like the same work has been 
promoted in the past. Such formality robs 
the missionary endeavor of spontaneity and 
intelligent direction and cannot fail to 
place an effective damper upon any mis- 
sionary fire which may be lighted. 

4. Among many so-called religious lead- 
ers in young people's societies there exists 
strong personal prejudices for or against 
certain forms of missionary work. 

5. Quite universally there is a lack of 
conviction regarding the value and impor- 
tance of personal acceptance of Jesus Christ 
as Lord of the daily life. 

6. The small number of young men and 
women devoting their lives strictly to re- 
ligious callings, as contrasted with the large 
number whose lives are even now absorbed 
in secular things, demonstrates the need of 
a most able leadership which shall fill the 
lives of all the young people with devotion 
to interests outside of themselves. Such a 
life is essentially missionary in character. 

7. Quite universally also does there exist 
as a reason for participating in missionary 
work a general sense of formal compulsion 
rather than a spirit of privilege and oppor- 

The organized missionary activities of 
every young people's society should con- 

tribute to the Church in due process of 
time an able body of missionary leaders. 
The following points will suggest the char- 
acter of the work to be done and its re- 

1. Thorough apprenticeship and training 
in organized missionary work as members 
of committees. 

2. Continuous study of all phases of 
missionary effort through private reading, 
public meetings and classes for systematic 

3. Another activity which should be con- 
stantly exercised is regular private and 
public prayer in behalf of the missionary 
endeavor. Probably at no other point in 
the missionary policy is the work of young 
people's societies weaker to-day. 

4. It may reasonably be expected that all 
the members of every young people's soci- 
ety shall set aside money for the support 
of Christian work as an intelligent act of 
devotion to Christ and as a proof of vital 
relationship to Him. When such an 
achievement is accomplished, giving is re- 
moved from the realm of obligation and is 
placed upon the plane of joyful sacrifice 
and privilege. 

5. The missionary policy of every young 
people's society should make the spread of 
Christianity the chief and controlling mo- 
tive in daily life, and everything else subor- 
dinate and contributory to it. 

6. It should be the purpose of every mis- 
sionary department to bring so forcibly 
to the attention' of young people the call to 
missionary service that no one shall deter- 
mine his or her life work without giving 
right of way in the first instance to the 
consideration of missionary service. No 
person should go into a secular calling 
until he has been directed plainly by God 
to devote his life to that calling rather than 
to missionary work at home or abroad. 

In conclusion, Mr. Hicks said : The 
preaching of the pastor from the pulpit 
should result in raising up a body of pur- 
poseful missionary leaders. The preaching 
can scarcely accomplish full training, but 
missionary motives are formed as a result 
of missionary preaching. The young 
people's society can determine largely the 
character of missionary sermons delivered 
from the pulpit. 

The secret of success in committee work 
is revealed when a chairman is able to lay 
definite work upon others. 

Probably no combination of the methods 
suggested above is so important as a means 
of raising up a generation of leaders in 
every church as the systematic and devo- 
tional study of the Bible. Given a thor- 
ough knowledge of the life of Jesus and 
the purposes which control His endeavor, 
and a young man or woman becomes im- 
mediately a missionary leader because his 
Christian character and life are essentially 

II. The Evening Toung People's 


rir. Don O. Shelton on "The Value 
of a flotive " 

Mr. ■ Shelton said in part: The pressing 
problem is, How begin and foster a sys- 
tematic, continuous, educational campaign 
among young people in behalf of world- 
wide missions? The aim ought to be to 
bring every Christian young man and 
woman in the Congregational churches of 
America into an intelligent, sympathetic 
and practical relation to the mission work 
the denomination is carrying on in the 
name of Christ. Here is opportunity for 
the beginning of united action by all Con- 
gregational missionary societies. By agree- 
ment upon a simple method, which is all 
that is required, we can move forward as 
one society. The campaign among young 
people need not and ought not to be for 
the raising of money, but a vigorous, pro- 
longed campaign for the development of 
intelligent, sympathetic interest. Such ef- 
fort would include the putting of emphasis 
upon the supreme claims of Christ on the 
life of every disciple of His ; and the ac- 
quainting of the young people of all the 
churches with the work, needs and oppor- 
tunities of each of our missionary societies. 
A united effort of this kind, directed ac- 
cording to a plan on which all the societies 
shall agree, continued throughout a decade 
of years, would unquestionably result in a 
generation of young people who would be 
thoroughly acquainted with the will of 
Christ on the one hand and the needs of 
mankind on the other. They would see 
that the work of these societies is one 
work — the ushering in of the Kingdom of 
Christ ; they would have a clearer under- 
standing of what the Saviour meant when 
he said: "Go ye into all the world and 
preach the Gospel to the whole creation." 

How may a right attitude on the part of 
young people toward the mission of Christ 
to our country and to the world, be brought 
about? The processes of our Lord in se- 
curing the heart service of His disciples 
for their world-wide ministry, were not 
magical. He taught, tested, trained them. 
When they were able to bear it, He gave 
them hard tasks. By a similar process, we 
believe, the young people of the churches 
are to be brought into a right relation to 
the present mission of our Lord. 

It is not natural for young disciples of 
Christ to be deeply concerned about the 
evangelization of the vast remote multitudes 

who are alienated from the life of God. 
The sense of obligation for this high ser- 
vice needs to be awakened and often re- 
awakened. There is necessity for fre- 
quent explanation and reiteration of the 
commands of our Lord. These commands, 
binding upon every disciple to the degree 
of personal ability and opportunity, require 
a larger place in our scheme of religious 
teaching, and in all our plans for the de- 
velopment of a profounder interest in and 
a heartier response to the will of God. 
That the impression of personal obligation 
may be made practical and permanent these 
commands must be kept to the front. On 
us in this century, as on the apostles in the 
first, they will operate as goads. Paul, as 
Professor Zahn of Germany has recently 
indicated, drove the goad (the commands 
of Jesus) deep into the flesh of his scholar 
Timothy, who had become indolent. 

With these quickening commands there 
needs to be set forth, systematically and 
perseveringly, the pressing missionary 
problems of to-day: the needs of America 
and other nations ; and the obligation of 
the Church of Christ to solve these prob- 
lems and meet these needs, in the name 
and power of Christ. The supreme need of 
the young people of the church at the pres- 
ent moment, put in one phrase, seems to 
be : A true motive, an impulse determined 
and guided by the will of Christ. 

The address then dwelt on the value of 
a true motive ; the method by which motive 
is developed; and the relation of a true 
motive to the progress of the Kingdom of 
Christ. In closing, Mr. Shelton said: 
Here is the heart of the mission problem. 
With devotion to Christ, all else will fol- 
low. "He that abideth in me, and I in him, 
the same bringeth forth much fruit." 
When He is central in the life, every other 
needed result will come. Sympathy will 
come; believing prayerfulness will come; 
study of mission fields will come ; sufficient 
financial support will come. 

As we heed the call of Jesus ; as we 
come to love Him more; as our motive 
purifies and strengthens ; as we become 
more mindful of the inspiring truth that 
our divine Master and friend is a living 
Saviour, character will straighten and 
strengthen, zeal will quicken and concen- 

The young people of the Congregational 
churches, living in union with the living 
Christ, His purpose their purpose, His pro- 



gramme for the world the one which they 
strive to carry out as He reveals to them 
their part, will make great and noble these 
new days, and help to crown Him Lord of 

The Rev. Dr. Francis E. Clark on 

" The Debt of American Young 

People to Their Country" 

Dr. Clark said in part : Home missions 
spells patriotism, not the loud mouthed, 
blatant patriotism that expends itself in 
Fourth of July ora- 
tions, but the gen- 
u i n e patriotism 
that makes the 
country great. 
Where lies the 
hope of our coun- 
try to-day? It lies 
in the school and 
the church. Not in 
the school alone, 
for education, un- 
accompanied by re- 
l i g i o u s purpose 
may develop a 
cheap materialism, 
a "get there" spir- 
it, or at best a 
mere intellectual- 
i s m which will 
mean anything but 
a stable republic. 
This nation has a 
heart as well as 
a head, and the 
heart, too, must be 

Why should not 
our Carnegies, our 
Rockefellers, our 
Vanderbilts, divide 
their princely do- 
nations more even- 
ly? One home mis- 
sion church, wise- 
ly planted, M r . 
Carnegie, i n a 
needed communi- 
ty, will do more good than a dozen libraries, 
whose books, mostly novels, will be largely 
read by people who can afford to buy books 
for themselves. 

He is a patriot deserving of no less praise 
from other patriots who plants and sup- 
ports and extends the church of God than 
he who perpetuates his name by sending a 
thousand young men across the seas to ob- 
tain an education in the cloistered halls of 

America is well worth saving. Some 
governments are not worth saving or per- 
petuating. Thank God ours is. I could not 
preach patriotism and love of country very 
well in Turkey. I could not say much about 
it in China while she was under the do- 
minion of the Bloody Empress, but our 


land is God's latest experiment in govern- 
ment of the people, by the people, for the 
people. Do you realize, young men, your 
high privilege in being Americans? 

The three men who of late have done 
most to vindicate the good name of Amer- 
ica by exposing and punishing corruption 
are all of them Christian men, Christian 
young men — Clark of Minneapolis, the fore- 
man of the grand jury, who, against tre- 
mendous odds, secured the overthrow of 
Mayor Ames and his corrupt gang ; Joseph 
K. Folk of St. 
Louis, who has 
succeeded in 
clearing out s o 
much of that po- 
litical Augean sta- 
ble, and Ira Lan- 
drith, of Nashville, 
who has done no 
less as the chair- 
man of the Com- 
mittee of One 
Hundred to put 
that city in the list 
of the reformed 
which have recov- 
ered from the al- 
most universal 
municipal debauch. 
These are all 
young men, a 1 1 
Christian men, and 
two of them, at 
least, trained in 
Christian citizen- 
ship in Christian 
Endeavor societies. 
If I were an old 
man and wished to 
finish my few de- 
clining years in 
slippered ease, I 
might choose some 
Old World play- 
ground ; if I were 
a young man, there 
would be but one 
land for me — 
America — for here a man has room to grow. 
He is not hampered by tradition. He need 
not be what his father was if he can make a 
better man of himself. He has a chance to 
rise, and in these few words is contained 
the secret of America's tremendous mag- 
netic pull upon the rest of the world. 

No other young man can influence his 
generation for good like the young Ameri- 
can. His country gives him a platform on 
which to stand. The eyes of the world ara 
directed westward across the Atlantic and 
eastward across the Pacific, and the centre 
of interest is now not Europe or Asia or 
Africa, but the United States of America. 
I say this not in the braggart spirit. God 
knows there are enough evils in our coun- 
try to make us blush and to bring shame 

1 5 6 


to our hearts, but acknowledging all these, 
materialism, worldliness, undue love of the 
mighty dollar, municipal corruption and all 
its hideous brood, there is yet no country 
in the wide world that has to-day the op- 
portunity to influence the destinies of this 
planet for weal or woe like the United 
States of America, and there are no young 
men like the young men of America who 
have to the same extent the destinies of the 
world in their hands. 

What, then, do America's young people 
owe to America? 
Everything. The 
chance for life, lib- 
erty and the pur- 
suit of happiness. 
The chance to rise 
in the world, the 
chance to make a 
name and fortune, 
the chance to make 
the world better. 

"Save America 
to save the world" 
is no vain cry, and 
i t comes with 
a special forceful- 
ness to Christian 
young men of the 
present generation. 
You owe it to 
America, you owe 
it to the world, you 
owe it to your 
God, to do the 
most you can by 
your influence 
your money, your 
sympathy, your la- 
bors, to make this 
a people whose 
God is the Lord. 

On this account 
the home mission- 
ary idea is an 
intensely patriotic 
idea. He who is 
not interested in 
home missions 

when he knows all that they stand for is 
not a true patriot and is not paying the 
debt of gratitude which he owes to his na- 
tive land. 

I know of no way so good to discharge 
this debt of gratitude as to support and 
maintain and enlarge such a noble home 
missionary enterprise as that which here 
calls us together. If any meeting should 
stir the blood of the young man of to-day, 
if any appeal should cause him to glow 
with patriotic enthusiasm, if any call should 
lead him to cry out, "Here am I," it is the 
call of his country and the call of God, 
combined in one, for that is the voice of 
home missions. 

"Onward Christian .Soldiers" was sung 
tit the close of Dr. Clark's inspiring ad- 


The Rev. Dr. N. ricQee Waters on 

"The Young People of America 

— Their Opportunity" 

Dr. Waters said in part : A world, a 
lever, a fulcrum — there is perfect definition 
of perfect opportunity. The might of op- 
portunity lies in its strategic power. The 
strength of the arm depends on where it 
reaches the lever. The young Christians of 
America are made strong by their strategic 
opportunity — t h p. 
lever, the load and 
the fulcrum are 

The lever is a 
symbol of the 
Christian life in 
our time. For the 
first time in his- 
tory, our time has 
a clear recognition 
of the primacy of 
him who serves. 
Men have said the 
idle man is the 
gentleman. The 
kings of the earth 
have been those 
who toil not, neith- 
er do they spin. 
They have refused 
burden bearing 
But at last the 
scales have 
dropped from our 
eyes, and in all civ- 
ilized societies it is 
recognized that the 
great man is the 
man who does 
more than other 

The scientist 
confesses now that 
he was wrong 
when he said the 
world belongs t^> 
the strong. H e 
the world belongs 
The life of the 

preaches now that 
to the gentle also 
nation hangs not so much on the father's 
strong arm as the mother's self-forgetting 
heart. The Old-World aristocrat believes 
this, and so for the past thirty years the 
best books of England have been written 
by the nobility and the best pictures have 
been painted by children of noble houses, 
and the best reform and the best thought 
for the poor have come from those who 
wear soft raiment and dwell in kings' 
houses. There is not a harder working 
man in Europe than Emperor William. 

The times believe in the Christian 
method. The age expects great things of 
the Christian disciple. At last all men 
know that any man who is lifted up upon 
the cross of sacrifice will draw the whole 
world unto himself. 



The Load. — Our age is not only sick, but 
knows it is sick and is calling for a physi- 
cian. There never was a time in the his- 
tory of the world when men were so sensi- 
tive to wrong and evil and when they were 
so fully resolved to find salvation for soci- 
ety. / 

We may not care as much as our fathers 
did for syllogism, but we care infinitely 
more for a soul. We would not go into 
battle for the sake of a word, or an in- 
flection or a definition; but we would give 
our bodies to be burned for the sake of a 
woman or an infant or the downtrodden. 
The spirit of the world is ethical, and all 
men groan in pain for the advent of right- 
eousness. Nowhere is this so true as in 
our own country. 

Here is the problem of the boss in the 
State politics, and his hand is heavy on us 
all. Men who sit in our churches and who 
are descended from fathers of the free ab- 
dicate their citizen's duty, and unblushingly 
say, "I wear the collar." 

I cannot pass, in pointing out the great 
ethical opportunity of our time, without 
making some mention of that other stormy 
problem — the relation of the man who has 
accumulated wealth to the man without 
wealth — of master and employe. I am in- 
terested in schemes of socialism, and I hail 
them as symptoms of sympathetic heart. 
But no permanent solution lies along those 
lines. It is not a question of method — it is 
a question of spirit. The Christian Church 
must solve the problem of capital and labor 
by leavening the heart of both him who 
works and him who hires. 

The Fulcrum. — By this I- would indicate 
our country's strategic position among the 
nations of the earth. 

The United States has a stronger foot- 
hold on the Atlantic than the combined 
foothold of all the rest. 

The Pacific is the queen of oceans. With" 

Alaska, which Seward bought in a spirit 
of pure Yankee bravado, and the Philip- 
pines — which is a case of "having greatness 
thrust upon us" — we "have more seaboard 
on this great ocean than any other civilized 

Go with me to the heart of this great 

Look at the highlands, extending through 
eight Southern States, comprising an area 
larger than all of New England. There is 
no better blood in either the old world or 
the new than among these mountain folk. 
But what are they adding to our progress? 
It is the land of the cabin and the moon- 
shiner. It is the land of feud and dark- 
ness. There is no school house or library 
or college. Nature hath her most sublime 
dwelling place there in the Southern moun- 
tains, and yet these ignorant children of 
men read not her secrets, see not her 
beauty nor understand her wealth. Flung 
there an eddy by the whirl of progress, they 
have been stagnant for 200 years. 
. The South was long in cotton and to- 
bacco and wealth, but the South was short 
in manhood. My eyes opened on a Virginia 
stripped bare and bleeding by war. The 
echoes of the conflict were just dying away. 
All was quiet along the Potomac. Our 
fields were left empty by the foraging of 
two armies. The graveyards were all filled 
with newly made graves. Smoke, ruin, 
desolation were everywhere. But Virginia 
in '68 was far stronger, richer, nobler than 
in '55. She had been refined by fire. When 
we have trusted to democracy we have had 
anarchy in the Confederation and ignorance 
in the highlands. When we have trusted 
to our gains we have been scourged by civil 
war-. Lately the temptation has been heavy 
upon us to forget manhood for gold. 
America is the fulcrum on which the cross 
of Christian service in the hands of Chris- 
tian men shall uplift the world. 


Mrs. Washington Choate presiding. Addresses by Mrs. H. Hammond Cole, late of Alaska, Miss Mary Zoltak, 

a missionary of t he Society among the Slovaks of Pennsylvania, and Mrs. H. S. Casivell-Broad, 

late Secretary of the Woman's Department 

Bird's=eye View 
by Miss Frances J. Dyer 

ONE evidence of a growing ap- 
preciation of women's share 
in our home missionary 
work is the place now given 
them on the programme at the 
annual convocations. The time was 
when they met by themselves, some- 
times in a small and inconvenient 
room, a tacit admission that other fea- 
tures of the session were of more im- 
portance. But we have changed all 
that. At Providence the major part 
of the forenoon of June 3 was occu- 
pied with the woman's meeting, and 
the large auditorium of Beneficent 
Church was well filled with an atten- 
tive audience. Mrs. Washington 
Choate, president of the Connecticut 
Union, conducted the exercises, and 
on the platform, together with Dr. 
Hillis and other men of the National 
Society, sat the women delegates from 
various State Unions. Mrs. Choate's 
clear voice, her skill to introduce 
speakers in a brief, yet fitting, way; 
her dignity and ease, make her an 
ideal presiding officer. The responsive 
exercise prepared by her, consisting of 
alternate selections from the Scrip- 
tures and choice excerpts from Cicero 
to President Roosevelt, made a pleas- 
ing variety to the service. 

External Features 

One who keeps eyes and ears open 
in any large assembly will see and 
hear many interesting things not rep- 
resented on the programme. For in- 
stance, the writer was impressed with 
the comments of a Western woman, 
who was overheard to say: "It is 
worth traveling a thousand miles just 
to sit in this edifice. It is a place to 
see visions. As I passed through its 

porch, with the plain Doric pillars, 
into the noble interior, and looked at 
the high galleries, the mahogany pul- 
pit, the beautiful, old-fashioned chan- 
delier, the pews with doors, the tablets 
on the walls, the building seemed to 
me the embodiment of that old New 
England, which I know only through 
stories told by my mother out on the 
frontier years ago." Then she asked : 
"With the passing of this style of 


architecture are we going to lose the 
type of men and women who belonged 
to that olden time?" Her question 
was profoundly suggestive, and the 
audience assembled on that June 
morning to discuss matters pertain- 
ing to the Master's kingdom furnished 
an emphatic No as answer. On the 
platform and in the pews were peo- 
ple who still believe in the family as 
the social unit, in the church as a 



force for righteousness, in the public 
school as a safeguard against threat- 
ened evils from immigration. 

It was a happy thought to place in 
front of the pulpit, enveloped in the 
folds of the American flag, a portrait 
of Alexander H. Clapp, an early pas- 
tor of Beneficent Church and for many 
years the efficient and beloved treas- 
urer of the Home Missionary Society. 
That portrait and the group of men 
and women gathered on the platform 
preached an eloquent though silent 
sermon during those three days at 
Providence. "Men may come and 
men may go," but the ideals for which 
Dr. Clapp and the Society stand will 
abide forever. 

The Speakers and Their Message 

The first speaker, Mrs. H. Ham- 
mond Cole, took us in imagination to 
lonely, beautiful Alaska, whither she 
went with her husband from Cali- 
fornia, returning there at length for 
his burial, worn out by his devotion 
to the rough element found in mining 
communities. Her vivid descriptions 
reminded one of Isabella Bird Bish- 
op's fascinating books of travel. Mrs. 
Cole first pictured the journey, with 
the diversity of races on shipboard, 
the majority of them in quest of 
gold. There was the dapper French 
count and the thrifty German peasant, 
the young college athlete and the old 
man whose life was a failure, the 
restless globe-trotter and the staid s 
son of the soil faring forth for the 
first time. The journey bore them 
north for a thousand miles, past fiords 
and islands, through a region which 
John Muir calls "a hundred miles of 
Yosemite," past Fort Wrangel, old. 
as the first Russian occupation, until 
they came to Douglas. Here was a 
population made up of twenty-nine 
nationalities, mostly miners, men 
whose only holidays are Fourth of 
July and Christmas, who are kept at 
the eternal grind of toil on Sundays, 
to whom dance halls and saloons make 
constant appeals. How apply law and 
order, or any sort of municipal code 

to such a conglomeration of human 
entities? Above all how reach them 
with gospel influences? 

Quite likely a foothold is first 
gained through the ever-recurring 
tragedy of death. Fatal accidents are 
frequent in the mines and the funeral 
furnishes a common rallying place. 
Or perhaps this American mother 
meets a Norwegian mother at the bed- 
side of a dying baby. Neither can 
speak the tongue of the other but the 
unspoken language of the heart is 
understood. Thus through the ex- 
periences of our common humanity 
the way is opened for the Sunday 
school, the girls' sewing class, the 
boys' club, the little prayer meeting in 
an upper room. A Finnish funeral 
was once the occasion of bringing 200 
members into the church. One of the 
most touching incidents related by 
Mrs. Cole was the offering of flowers 
for a burial service by a Russian 
Greek who remained after the others 
had gone and knelt reverently to re- 
ceive a blessing. 

Another Mining Camp 

From this land, where in summer 
the sun rises at 1.30 a. m. and sets at 
10.40 p. m., making it almost "the 
land of the midnight sun," we were 
carried by Miss Mary Zoltak to the 
heart of Pennsylvania, upon which the 
eyes of the civilized world have re- 
cently been focused. Equally thrill- 
ing was her story of missionary work 
among the miners there. For more 
than a dozen years she has labored 
with her own people, the Slovaks, 
about 100,000 of whom have sought 
asylum, in America, chiefly in Penn- 
sylvania, not for the sake of religious 
freedom but to better their material 
condition. While listening to her re- 
cital of the changes wrought in char- 
acter by Christian agencies one could 
not help wishing that the coal com- 
mission had included visits to home 
mission plants in their late investiga- 
tions. Her clear statement of the re- 
lation which Slovaks bear to other 
branches of the Indo-Germanic family 



led a bright listener to remark, "If 
our college girls want points on geog- 
raphy and ethnology they better at- 
tend a home missionary meeting!" 

Painfully poor and oppressed, ad- 
herents of the Greek and Roman 
Catholic churches, these people are 
difficult to influence because those 
reared in a state church cannot easily 
grasp the idea of individual responsi- 
bility. But when once converted they 
show a strength of character and pur- 
pose which even persecution cannot 
shake. In the matter of giving they 
shame the self-indulgent Christians of 
to-day. Witness the fact that Miss 
Zoltak's salary when she first went to 
Braddock was paid by nine miners 
who earned only $1.50 to $1.75 per 
day. The good work has spread into 
places beyond till now there are 
strongholds of Protestant Slovaks in 
Pennsylvania, Virginia and Min- 
nesota. The type of their religion 
may be inferred from the name by 
which they are best known — "Salva- 

The simplicity and sincerity of Miss 
Zoltak's address won all hearts. 
Somehow the foreigners who speak 
at these annual meetings carry more 
conviction in their halting English 
speech than the most finished oratory 
can produce. The elemental truths 
of the gospel seem to control their 
lives in a way to remind one of Charles 
Kingsley's saying: "I don't want to 
possess a faith, I want a faith that will 
possess me." 

The White Man's Burden 

Last on the programme came Mrs. 
Caswell-Broad with her message 
from the sunny South. The added 
years since she stood in the forefront 
of the woman's movement have sub- 
tracted nothing from her zeal for 
"God and home and native land." She 
has lost none of her descriptive pow- 
ers, none of the ability to move to 
laughter or to tears by her racy por- 
trayal of scenes she has witnessed. 
The musical voice is even more mel- 
low than of yore, and Browning's tri- 

umphant words came instinctively to 
mind as she made her eloquent plea 
for the Anglo-Saxons of the South : 

"Grow old along with me ! 
The best is yet to be, 
The last of life, for which the first was 

Following a long campaign on the 
Pacific Coast she and Mr. Broad have 
spent seven months recently in Texas, 
Louisiana, Georgia, Tennessee and 
Florida. They mingled freely with 
the Anglo-Saxons in these States, 
went into their poverty-stricken 
homes, sat with them around the pitch- 
pine fire in the evening. Although 
poor, with little idea of the decencies 
of civilization, they are hospitable, 
generous and patriotic. Heretofore, 
and wisely no doubt, the North has 
concentrated its efforts upon uplift- 
ing the Negro. But no longer should 
these whites be neglected. There is 
crying need for a good system of pub- 
lic schools, of colleges and theological 
seminaries. They should not be treat- 
ed as if they were unaspiring and im- 
moral. Many are eager and ready for 
the best things. The Bible is respect- 
ed and scepticism practically un- 

Mr. and Mrs. Broad held all-day 
meetings in the rural districts, and 
multitudes flocked to hear, coming in 
farm wagons, on horseback, on mule- 
back, on foot, and the soul hunger on 
their faces was something to remem- 
ber for a lifetime. For our own na- 
tional self-protection it is transcend- 
ently important that we recognize our 
obligation to these people. Mrs. 
Broad frankly admits that it will re- 
quire large expense, tact and patience 
for a whole generation to bring them 
up to that level of Christian manhood 
necessary for the safety of a self-gov- 
erning people. But think of the social 
evils which will flow from neglecting 
them ! The danger from this source 
was voiced the following evening by 
Mr. Puddefoot when he exclaimed, 
"O, for a white Booker T. Washing- 
ton !" 



Women's Best Service 

Agassiz, from a single bone, 
could easily determine to what species 
a fish belonged. So this one session 
contained the essence of the three 
days' meeting. The fundamental 
problems of immigration, of race prej- 
udice, of social purity, of family life, 
though treated briefly and in pictur- 
esque form, were involved in the ad- 
dresses of these three women. Their 
snap shots, showing conditions in 
widely separated regions, emphasized 
the truth that there is no other way for 
national as well as for personal salva- 
tion except through faith in Jesus 
Christ. As Carroll D. Wright once 
said : "The world will never be saved 
by any economic formula. If we want 

a better world we must have better 
men and women." To precisely this 
task of bettering the world the Home 
Missionary Society has applied itself 
for nearly four score years. With 
what measure of success one may 
judge by reading Dr. Clark's new book, 
"Leavening the Nation," in which he 
says that women have helped in many 
ways but their best service has been 
in furnishing a spiritual tonic to the 
churches. A similar sentiment was 
expressed by President Eliot at the 
last meeting of the Boston Young 
Men's Congregational Club in these 
words : "The service, which women 
can render in implanting religious 
conceptions in the minds and hearts 
of children is the highest possible 
form of social service." 


Mrs. H. H. Cole 

"Alaska, Home and Workshop," was the 
theme of Mrs. H. Hammond Cole. She 
went from California to Alaska. In sub- 
stance, she said : Being early aboard the 
steamer at the Seattle wharf, we watched 
those who were to be our fellow voyagers. 
Few were old men, but most were young or 
in middle life, and from the dapper French 
Count, with his gloves and cane, to the 
handsome college athlete with head erect 
facing his life bravely. The great boatload 
of passengers stood silent on the decks as 
the steamer slowly swung out from its 
moorings; a group of friends on the pier, 
after their good-byes to the young man who 
was leaving them, commenced singing "God 
Be With You," then "There'll Be No Part- 
ing There." 

Alaska is a land of mystery, of blood, of 
unsolved problems. The only sign of hu- 
man life we saw in 400 miles was one even- 
ing ; from out one of the fiords there came a 
long line of large canoes filled with In- 
dians ; they were paddling slowly and keep- 
ing time with a monotonous chant, prob- 
ably an Indian funeral, for they generally 
bury their dead in a separate island from 
their home. We saw no Indian villages, 
for there was no place to have one. When 
we sailed up Gastineaux Channel, we saw 
our future home. We had been steadily 
going north for a thousand miles, had made 
but three ports, because there were no 
others to make. 

Every house and room was full, men were 
living in tent,? on the beach ; through the ef- 

forts of friends an unfurnished attic has 
been temporarily secured for us. 

Efforts to secure any place for a home 
were unavailing, and finally we moved into 
the church, using the study in the tower for 
a sleeping room, and the 10x10 kitchen for 
both dining room and kitchen, and received 
our friends in the vestry; and there we re- 
mained about fifteen months. It was not 
unpleasant m summer, though very hard to 
do work; but in winter, when there would 
come nights, we dared not stay in the tower 
room for fear the fierce Taku wind would 
unroof the tower. When our bed would 
rock like a cradle, we would take our mat- 
tress and try to be comfortable on the floor 
in the vestry, with the mercury 15 degrees 
or 20 degrees below, and the smoke blowing 
into the room so we would let our fire out ; 
our experiences were many, yet for gold 
men will bear much; surely for souls one 
would gladly bear more. 

Through the help of friends East and 
their own efforts, a small parsonage was 
built, so pastors going there now are com- 
fortably housed. The First Congregational 
Church of Alaska was formed and the 
building erected on an island. 

The church building is a large, fine one, 
dividing— no, uniting — the two towns. To 
the right of the church is Treadwell, 
stretching a mile and a half along the water 
front, with its houses perched up on cliffs, 
like eagles' nests. Here are the five big 
mills, with altogether 960 stamps ; the large 
supply store, two mine boarding houses, 
and the homes of the superintendents, offi- 
cials, foremen of the various departments. 

1 62 


About 1,000 men are employed in the mills 
and mines, and those without families are 
obliged to live at the boarding houses. Par- 
ish calling was interesting here, but rather 
wearisome, for one had to walk everywhere, 
and up and down steps, from 40 to 60 to 
every house, some of the way only the track 
along which the fussy little engine might 
come any time, carrying quartz to the mills ; 
the continuous deafening roar of the stamp 
mills (and, indeed, the men working there 
soon find themselves losing their hearing), 
the sharp, quick crash of the blasts coming 
at intervals, rattling the windows and doors 
and jarring the houses, all combined to 
make one feel alert, so that an afternoon of 
calls was rather exhausting. 

To the left of the church was Douglas; 
Indian huts were dropped down anywhere. 
There has been a mission for these Indians 
by the Friends, and the Presbyterians have 
a branch from their Juneau mission, across 
the channel ; both have done much work. 
Our work was not with them. Douglas is 
made by the drawing together of others to 
supply needs of men who are massed to- 
gether. There were the stores, bakeries, 
sawmills, druggists, post office, restaurants, 
physicians, lawyers, teachers. The list in- 
cludes the saloon, the dance hall and the 
gambling rooms. The families of those 
men that work in the mills and mines, also, 
all live in Douglas. 

In this small Alaskan town of Douglas, 
of probably not more than 4,000 or 5,000 
people, at least 2,000 voters, there is no 
dominant element. The population is made 
up of Aleuts, Americans, Australians, Aus- 
trians, Belgians, Brazilians, Canadians, Chi- 
nese, Danes, English, Finlanders, French. 
Germans, Greeks, Herzegovanians, Hun- 
garians, Indians, Irish, Italians, Japan 
ese, Norwegians. Poles, Russians, Scn'ch, 
Swedes, Swiss, Syrians, Turks and Welsh, 
and representatives of all of these have 
been at the church services. While this 
special instance is no way exceptional it 
is not accidental, the town is here because 
the mines are here and the policy of the 
company has been to mix races in order 
that a lack of common interest shall pre- 
vent a combine or union. 

When you think of our Douglas popu- 
lation and the hours of labor, 11 hours of 
day work for two weeks, then "a shift" and 
13 hours of night work for two weeks, and 
alternate, so for 363 days in the year, never 
a Sunday, the only two holidays being 
Christmas and the Fourth of July, where 
and how can the men be reached? Of ways 
and methods to reach them truly one must 
be all things to all men that they may win 

One thought needs emphasis, the es- 
sential breakdown, too often of the Con- 
gregational polity of fellowship in isolated 
missions. The Christian people one finds 
of many nationalties an^ church training; 

having no understanding of Congregational 
church government, it is almost impossible 
for a foreigner trained in a State church 
to grasp the individual responsibility; for 
instance, in the matter of support, his par- 
ticular church stands for his religious needs 
as his government does for his legal, with- 
out his concern as to who pays its bills. 
Again the authority of the church has full 
force in his religious life, and all questions 
are decided for the local church and pas- 
tor; the local body is only a small part 
of a great authoritative organization. 

Miss Mary Zoltak 

"The Slavic Work" was the subject con- 
sidered by Miss Mary Zoltak. She said 
in substance : 

The Slovaks received their religion from 
Cyril and Methodius, the great apostles of 
the Slavic race, but it did not take deep 
root because they were oppressed. Most 
of them belong to the Roman Catholic 
Church, but some to the Greek Catholic, 
the Russian, the Calvinistic or Reformed, 
and some to the Lutheran Church. Be- 
ing poor and oppressed, many come to 
this free country, not because they seek 
for religious freedom, but to earn money, 
and then to return to their own coun- 
try. They are very far from true Chris- 
tianity, not because they are indifferent 
to religion, for the first thing they want 
when they come to this country is to have 
a church. But what does the church profit 
them when they have not the true shep- 

They have such shepherds as we read 
of in the Bible, that feed themselves in- 
stead of the sheep. They want to fill their 
pockets with money and seek their own 
comfort, but not the salvation of souls. 
There are numerous Slovaks in America 
most of them in Pennsylvania. 

The first missionary work among the 
Slovaks in America was started about 
i2]/ 2 years ago by a Bible reader, Miss 
Anna Hodous, who graduated from the 
Bible and Missionary Training School of 
Cleveland. She started to work in Brad- 
dock, Pa., by visiting from house to house 
finding more men than women. Rev. John 
Jelinek arrived in the year 1890, through 
whom I came to know Christ as my Sa- 

Our people in one respect are a great 
blessing to America. Our factories could 
not exist without them. Slovak men are 
industrious, willing and faithful to do the 
hardest work, in which many and many 
lives are lost every day, which very few 
of the Yankees would do. Mr. Carnegie 
would not be so rich if it was not for 
our people, who work for very small wages. 
But they will be a great injury to this coun- 
try if they do not get the true teachers 
of the gospel as well as of politics. 



Braddock and Duquesne are the two 
most fruitful towns, and in both places 
Congregational churches are organized. 

The Slavic mission work in Duquesne- 
McKeesport was thus begun. The first 
missionaries to Slovaks did their work 
mostly by visiting from house to house 
and selling Bibles and healthful litera- 

Mrs. H. S. C. Broad 

"The Anglo-Saxon of the South To-Day" 
was the subject considered by Mrs. H. 
S. Caswell-Broad, who has had a long 
and eminently useful career in connec- 
tion with the Home Missionary Society. 
She said in part: 

Since the Civil War the freedom from 
social subjection has given the masses of 
the Southern whites self-reliance and new 
business success, so that now we behold 
a great awakening. These people are ready 
and eager for the best things. They want 
education and an intelligent religion. 

Wisely the North has concentrated its 
efforts in the past on the uplifting of the 
negro. This work should be continued and 
enlarged, but at last the way is open to 
do as grand a work for our own kindred 
Anglo-Saxons, the white people of the 

They are bright, ordinarily industrious, 
accepting with resignation the results of 
the war, treating the negro kindly, although 
with no idea of social equality. Two- 
thirds of the adults cannot read, and their 
children are growing up with poor schools. 
These people are familiar with the main 
truths of the 'Bible, and accept them. They 
give utmost respect to religion and its ser- 
vices, and long for a better type of re- 
ligious teaching and better education for 
their children. 

With rare exceptions these people are 

poor, and in the country homes multi- 
tudes have no idea of some of the com- 
mon decencies of civilization. They _ are 
hospitable, generous, moral and patriotic 
to the last degree. 

These people present to the North a 
missionary field unique and profound in 
importance. The foundation of the best 
civilization can be laid now in the South 
by helping these people in certain ways : 
They must be treated as our own broth- 
ers- — our own Anglo-Saxon fellow citizens, 
who have had no fair chance to develop 
their glorious manhood. They are not to 
be treated as unintelligent, unaspiring peo- 
ple. They are not to be treated as ir- 
religious or immoral people, for they are 
neither. The Bible is more universally 
respected than at the North. Skepticism 
is practically unknown. They are self- 
sacrificing in maintaining church services. 
As a rule they erect their own church 
buildings and pay their own preachers for 
service once a month, with slight help 
from the Congregational Home Missionary 
Society. The preachers show their devo- 
tion by laboring week days for their owr 

What are we to do for these, our South- 
ern brothers? We are to give them a 
good system of public education, ministers 
of high ideas and ideals, Christian acade- 
mies, colleges and theological seminaries, 
that young Southern white men may be 
trained to preach to Southern white peo- 
ple. This work for our Anglo-Saxon 
brother must involve large expense, great 
tact and patience for 30 years to come, for 
it must be accomplished for a whole gen- 
eration of millions of people. 

Here is a special opportunity for the 
Congregational Home Missionary Society 
and the Congregational Education Society 
among the masses of white people in the 




Mr. John F. Huntsman, President. Addresses by the President, T. Cal-vin McClelland, D.D., and 
Reuben A. Beard, D.D., Eastern Representative of the National Society. 

T. Calvin McClelland, Ph.D. 

It is at the rise of no ordinary burn 
you stand when you come to the begin- 
nings of the Rhode Island Home Mis- 
sionary Society. For in the beginnings 
of the society, the smallest, maybe, of the 
societies auxiliary to the Congregational 
Home Missionary .Society, you have the 
beginnings i n 
America of the 
idea of organiza- 
tion for mission- 
ary work. Were 
the records all 
preserved, 'they 
would show that 
what is now the 
Rhode Island 
Home Mission- 
ary Society is 
the oldest asso- 
ciation for Mis- 
sionary endeav- 
or upon the con- 
tinent. We are 
celebrating, the 
programme says, 
our centennial 
anniversary ; the 
types are in er- 
ror; they should 
have said — the 
130th anniversa- 

During the 
years 1755-1776 
there ministered 
to the Second 
Church of New- 
port, R. L, Dr. 
Ezra Stiles, af- 
terward the Pres- 
ident of Yale 
College. On 
New Year's Day, 
1769, this famous 
man began the 

keeping of a journal. In this "literary 
diary," under the date of April 6, 1773, 
there is this entry: "Yesterday Mr. Hop- 
kins came to see me and discourse 
with me on a design he is meditating 


to make some negro ministers and send 
them into Guinea." This Mr. Hopkins 
is the Rev. Samuel Hopkins, D. D., who 
was pastor of the First Congregational 
Church of Newport from 1770 to 1803. 
There were in his church two bright, 
steady, Christian colored men, by name 
Bristol Yamma and John Quamine, whom 
he had determined tc educate for mission- 
ary work among 
their fellow 
countrymen. Af- 
ter the determi- 
nation had ma- 
tured in his own 
mind he con- 
sulted Dr. Stiles 
about enlisting, 
as he writes, 
"some respect- 
able persons to 
join in forward- 
ing this affair." 
At first Stiles 
looked with sus- 
picion upon the 
proposition, for 
he was an op- 
ponent of Hop- 
kins's high Cal- 
v i n i s m and 
"thought," h e 
writes, "whether 
he (Hopkins) 
had not an in- 
clination that the 
experiment of his 
principles should 
be tried on 
heathen A f r i - 
cans." But on 
second thought 
fraternity over- 
came theological 
bitterness and af- 
ter examining the 
candidates, he en- 
t e r e d cordially 
into Dr. Hop- 
kins's scheme. So on the 31st of Au- 
gust, 1773, Dr. Stiles put his name to a 
circular appeal, which he and Dr. Hop- 
kins sent out through the churches of 
New England and Great Britain. This 



remarkable letter is undoubtedly the first 
appeal for systematic missionary labor ut- 
tered in America. 

This letter met with an immediate and 
encouraging response. Gifts are acknowl- 
edged from a Mr. Potter and Dr. Hart 
of Providence; the ministers in Berkshire 
sent £3 16s., Miss Pamela Dwight $3, a 
gentleman in London £5, the Society in 
Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowl- 
edge £30; £102 is. 4d. 31. in all, £55 8s. 
3f. of which was contributed in New Eng- 
land. Dr. Hopkins himself gave $100, the 
amount which he had received in former 
days from the sale of a slave which he 
had kept. 

And _ so in 1773 in Newport, R. L, the 
first missionary society was formed; there 
is no record of its name or list of its of- 
ficers, but it appears that Dr. Hopkins was 
Treasurer of its funds. 

Now this society, of which Samuel Hop- 
kins and Ezra Stiles were the founders, 
cannot be confounded with the African So- 
ciety which had existed in the State. As 
Hopkins's letters show, it had no rela- 
tion to it, but was a distinct organization 
for the education of negroes for mission- 
ary labors. 

One of its distinctive features was the 
holding of what might be called a month- 
ly concert for prayer. 

In a letter of Dr. William Ellery Chan- 
ning's, dated Feb. 14, 1840, he says: 

"It was my habit in the years 1800 and 
1801 to attend a monthly meeting of prayer 
for the revival and spread of religion. Our 
number sometimes did not exceed 20 or 
30. Still, a collection was taken for mis- 
sionary purposes, and, as most of us were 
very poor, our contributions did not great- 
ly exceed the widow's mite. On one oc- 
casion, as I have heard from Dr. Patten, 
however, a $100 bill appeared in the box. 
Dr. Hopkins had received the same for 
the copyright of one of his books, and 
he made this offering at a time when he 
received next to no salary, and often, as 
I understood, depended for his dinner upon 
the liberality of a parishioner." Prof. Ed- 
wards A. Park remarks that this gift of 
$100 Dr. Hopkins gave subsequently to 
the $100 before alluded to, and if so this 
second offering may have had no connec- 
tion with the African mission. 

Now a complete minute of an adjourned 
meeting of what is called simply the Mis- 
sionary Society contains this entry: "Voted 
unanimously that it be recommended to 
the several ministers belonging to, or who 
may belong to this society, to concur in 
a quarterly meeting and pray for the re- 
vival of religion and extension of the gos- 
pel, on the first Tuesday of every quar- 
ter; and at the close of the service to 
have a collection for missionary purposes." 
This adjourned meeting was held May 18, 
1803, but the minute of it is written on 

one of half a dozen mutilated leaves and 
the page is numbered 30. A fragment of 
a minute of a meeting held earlier than 
this meeting of May 18, 1803, appears upon 
a previous page. 

And so from these data we feel justified 
in claiming everything for this ancient so- 
ciety whose achievements under God we 
celebrate. We claim her to be not only 
the parent oi domestic missionary enter- 
prise, but aibu the oldest foreign mis- 
sionary society in America, having had 
a record of labor for the regions beyond 
47 years long when the American Board 
came into being. Dr. McClelland then re- 
viewed the history of the Rhode Island 
Society for 100 years, and concluded with 
the following tribute to some of the de- 
ceased pioneers and laborers, and also to 
the present officers, as follows : 

"The names of some of the pioneers 
I have spoken ; among these Dr. Samuel 
Hopkins must take first place, as the larg- 
est, richest, purest jewel in the cluster. 


Among the men of more recent times were 
Dr. A. H. Clapp, of sainted, fragrant mem- 
ory, and our beloved Mr. McGregor, whose 
heart was as leal as the purple heather 
of the land whose blood flowed in his veins. 
The modesty of friendship would forbid 
our speaking of our present workmen, but 
their splendid and untiring interest in the 
work demand of us that we shall thus public- 
ly acknowledge our indebtedness to them, to 
President Huntsman, whose happiness is 
never greater than when as a lay bishop 
he is encouraging some mission pastor by 
his genial presence in his field ; to our 
Treasurer, Mr. Rice, whom Rhode Island 
has loaned to the national society for 20 
years of a service in which he has never 
grown weary, and to our friend, the friend 



of all who need him, our Secretary Lyon, 
whose fine words in his annual report 
to us sound better than any of mine could 
do, shall bring this narrative to a close : 
'Whether the vision seen by the young 
men, and the dreams dreamed by 
the old men in 1803 have been re- 
alized, no one can tell. But we of to-day 
thank God for His thought expressed by 
them in founding this institution which 
has been a channel of unceasing benev- 
olence. * * * Toward the future now 
we turn our eyes. We hope, because there 
is promise. Not boastful can we be, but 
grateful always. Faith and courage are 
in order as we advance into the new cen- 
tury.' " 

John F. Huntsman 

The President of the Rhode Island Home 
Missionary Society, John F. Huntsman, 
o f Providence, 
spoke as follows : 

The progress of 
missions has ever 
been an inspiring 
theme for thought- 
ful Christians, who 
have fully believed 
that the world will 
eventually be con- 
verted to the true 
faith, and that a 
time will come 
when Christ shall 
reign over the 
whole earth. 

Our Heavenly 
Father, in plan- 
ning for the re- 
demption of man- 
kind, never con- 
sulted with His 
creatures, neither 
did He seek their 
aid in any way 
whatever, being in- 
dependent of, and 
superior to, them 
all. Infinite wis- 
dom was ever suf- 
ficient for H i s 
eternal purposes. 

But in His great wisdom and out of His 
great love He graciously permitted His 
children, that they may grow in grace, to 
participate in executing His stupendous 
scheme of redeeming the world and 
bringing all nations and peoples to 
know, love' and serve Him. The rec- 
ord shows that as soon as these ear- 
ly disciples received the Holy Spir- 
it they entered upon their work with a 
resistless energy such as the world had 
never seen before in any similar cause. 

Man had achieved great victories, but 
chiefly for his own exaltation. Love of 
glory, love of kindred or love of coun- 


try had ever inspired strong men to hero- 
ic deeds, but never before had men glad- 
ly gone into foreign countries and among 
pagan enemies and to cheerful martyrdom 
for the salvation of strangers in whom 
they had no persona) interest. 

History richly shows the continuation 
of the apostolic spirit, so well illustrated 
in the ministry of St. Paul. The slave 
herd boy, Patrick, born in Scotland, and 
evangelizing Ireland, making it the cen- 
tre of missionary effort, and Bunyan, the 
tinker, both preached with converting power 
the same Christ as was presented by Con- 
stantine, Ansgar, Luther, Whitfield, John 
Elliott and Phillips Brooks. Has there 
been no advance in 100 years ? Yes, a mar- 
vellous advance. There has been a 
wonderful enlargement of methods of pre- 
senting the truth, especially to those peo- 
ple who are essentially heathen. 

What of the fu- 
ture? We are full 
of hope, as we 
know that it is the 
Master's work, and 
that it is go- 
ing forward. We 
know what has 
been done in the 
past, and we look- 
to the future with 
confident assur- 
ance that even a 
far greater work 
is to be done in 
the next century 
than in the one 
just closed. 

Reuben A. 
Beard, D. D. 

Dr. Beard took 
for topic "The 
New East in Its 
Relation to the 
New West." He 
said : 

This country 
cannot be saved in 
spots. It must be 
saved as a whole or not at all. 

It is a matter of vital importance to 
the people of the Atlantic coast that the 
civilization on the Pacific Coast shall be 
of a kind which promotes the highest type 
of national prosperity. Likewise the peo- 
ple of the Far West and Middle West can- 
not fail to see that, however great may 
be their success in rearing those insti- 
tutions which are necessary to the high- 
est and truest life of man, this success can- 
not be permanent unless at the same time 
there shall be vigorously maintained in 
these New England States that civil and 
religious fabric which was founded in 



prayer and which began with the signing 
of the compact in the Mayflower. 

Herein lies the chief reason for the 
work of home missions East and West, 
North and South. 

There are a great many people who seem 
to suppose that the work of home mis- 
sions consists simply in the organization 
of a few churches, more or less, in some 
hitherto neglected districts. 

The institutions which make up the 
sum of a nation's life must all be per- 
meated by the principles and spirit of Je- 
sus before they can possess those vital 
and constructive elements which make a 
nation_ great, strong and enduring. This 
leavening is the work of home missions. 
When the home missionary enters a new 
community a work is begun which makes 
for the betterment of individual life, social 
life, _ industrial life, political life. Home 
missions stand for the enlargement and en- 
richment of all phases of life. Less than 
two years ago Superintendent Sanderson 
found a community in the western part 
of Colorado which was separated by moun- 
tains and unproductive lands from the other 
communities of that part of the State. There 
were boys and girls 15 years of age who 
had never seen a meeting house or heard 

a sermon. Sunday was like any other 
day of the week. The community had 
no school worthy of the name. Vice flour- 
ished and the people had no vision. A 
missionary went there, and what is the 
result? They have a church of 80 mem- 
bers, a good Sunday school and a pros- 
perous Young People's Society. Their 
prayer meeting has an average attendance 
of over 50. They have a church build- 
ing costing $3,000, which has been paid for 
with no outside help. A parsonage has 
also been built and paid for without any 
outside aid. The church has now assumed 
self-support. But these are not all of the 
results. Two saloons have been closed 
for lack of "business." The people are 
now bent "on having better schools, better 
roads, better public improvements of every 
kind. The whole community has been 
changed by the coming of the missionary. 

New duties and increased responsibili- 
ties are upon us. Not only are there yet 
unredeemed districts in the West, but 
we now have a new East, with 
its thousands upon thousands of people 
from foreign shores, with faiths and ideals 
different from ours, that must be .somehow 
brought into homogeneous relations with 
the descendants of the Pilgrim and the 



The year has closed in gratitude and re- 
joicing, over a treasury freed from the 
long-borne burden of debt. To every work- 
er upon the field have dues been promptly 
paid, by which new courage has been begot- 
ten in faithful hearts. It is the marked 
year of the decade — the first since the sud- 
den and overwhelming shrinkage in re- 
ceipts of 1894. 

The close of each previous year has 
shown a balance sheet with the surplus on 
the debit side, as follows : 

1894, $87,987; 189S, $132,140; 1896, $51,- 
700; 1897, $127,504; 1898, $106,500; 1899, 
$133,469; 1900, $108,544; 1901, $63,698; 1902, 
$9,912; 1903, no debt, all bills paid, all 
bank loans met, and a cash balance of 
$3,500, which, by your consent, will mark 
the first step forward in an effort to keep 
closer pace with the urgent needs of our 
nation's growing life. 

The seventy-seventh year is marked, 
again, by the formation of plans and the 
initiation of methods for reaching, interest- 
ing and instructing the great volume of 
young life of our churches, which is so soon 
to be the manhood and womanhood of our 
denominational body. In this young life 
are to be found the muscle and the sinew 

of the aggressive work in the next quarter 
century. If Congregationalism is not to be- 
come a diminishing power in the nation's 
religious life, the young must be enlisted 
in the force of workers and given their 
place in the ranks and in the line of leader- 

In a clear recognition of this fact, your 
committee has summoned to the executive 
force of this organization, as associate sec- 
retary, Mr. Don O. Shelton, and bidden 
him to touch and arouse the young people 
of our churches and rally them to a co- 
operation in this sublime task — God-given — 
of winning this homeland of ours to the 
Christ whose are to be all the nations of 
the earth. 

Again, the year is marked by a fuller 
recognition of another feature obvious to 
all observers of the changing conditions 
about us. In the days of the fathers the 
wealth of the nation in its then general 
form of annual income, rather than accu- 
mulated means, was far more evenly dis- 
tributed than it is to-day. There was near- 
er approach to financial equality. Out of 
smaller resources the number of givers to 
the great causes of philanthropic and mis- 
sionary enterprise was proportionately 



greater than in these days of immeasurably 
vaster fortunes held in fewer hands. 

Ours are days of accumulated riches. 
Recognizing this undeniable fact, your com- 
mittee has initiated plans to bring the 
greatness of this task of evangelizing 
America — its unparalleled needs ; its un- 
equaled opportunities ; its great spheres of 
destitution in heathenized sections of our 
cities, in vice-ridden mining camps, and in 
asserted morally lapsing rural regions — to 
the knowledge and the consciences of the 
wealth holders of the Congregational name. 

To accomplish this, and to come into 
closer touch with the sources of supply, to 
open anew the fountains of benevolence 
and quicken the streams of consecrated 
gifts, your committee have called from the 
pastorate Rev. Reu- 
ben A. Beard, D. D., 
as Eastern represen- 
tative of this society. 

Once more : The 
twelve months under 
review stand as a 
marked period in our 
seventy-seven years of 
work in the steps that 
have been taken to 
carry into effect what 
seems to be the will 
of the churches as ex- 
pressed through the 
National Council. 
And first among these 
stands the reorganiza- 
tion of the Society's 
voting membership. In 
compliance with the 
suggestion of that 
Council, this Society, 
one year ago, at its 
annual meeting in Sy- 
racuse, N. Y., so 
amended its constitu- 
tion that its voting 
members are chosen 
by the Congregational 
churches organized in 
their State Associa- 
t i o n s and Confer- 
ences. Representation of the churches 
proportionate to the membership of each 
State, together with existing life mem- 
bers, holds the direction of your Home 
Missionary work to-day. 

So, also, in the matter of a united annual 
gathering of the missionary organizations 
of our denomination. Once and again has 
the cordial approval of this Society of such 
combined rallying of all the forces at work 
on the various lines of missionary enter- 
prise been voiced. 

At Saratoga in 1897, and at Cleveland in 
1898, this Society expressed its earnest en- 
dorsement of a united annual meeting of 
the National Missionary Societies repre- 


senting the Congregational churches in the 
United States. At Boston, in 1901, it voted 
in favor of two annual meetings — one of the 
home societies and one of the foreign ; one 
in the Spring and one in the Fall ; one 
East and one West. To effect these re- 
solves in either form, your Executive Com- 
mittee have been and are ready and desir- 
ous of doing. 

We but await the response of our sister 
organizations, and the devising of a prac- 
ticable method, which it is not impossible 
to find. It is the confident belief of your 
committee that such an event would gather 
the hosts of our Congregational name in an 
enthusiastic and inspiring assemblage that 
would mark a new era of missionary ad- 
vance, that would realize and manifest the 
one vital bond of our 
denominational life — 
co-operation in the 
great missionary en- 
terprises that God has 
led us to undertake. 

And once more, to 
the publication of "a 
single monthly maga- 
z i n e covering the 
work of all our so- 
cieties" this Society 
stands committed by 
its action at Boston 
in 1901, which action 
is in accord with that 
of the National Coun- 
cil of Portland, Me., 
1901. For the pub- 
lication of such a mis- 
s i o n a r y periodical 
your Committee are 

And, while waiting 
the co-operation of 
all, the Committee 
have sought to sup- 
ply for this depart- 
ment of the great mis- 
sionary enterprise of 
our churches a month- 
ly magazine so 
changed and improved 
in form and contents as to indicate the 
rich and abundant material that is at hand, 
and the attractive and deeply interesting 
presentation in which it may be set forth. 
The seventy-seventh year of this So- 
ciety's life has been a "marked year" on the 
field. The high water mark in contribu- 
tions from the missionary churches in re- 
cent years, which was touched under the 
inspiration and impulse of the Jubilee Cele- 
bration, two years since, has been approxi- 
mately maintained. The persistent effort 
to guard against pauperizing a dependent 
church, and to stimulate self-help, has 
been unremitting and has had cheering re- 


Addresses by CharlesH. Richards, D. D., 
Secretary of the Church Building Society, 
William A. Duncan, Ph. D., Field Sec- 
retary of the Sunday School and Publishing 
Society, and Theodore Clifton, D. D. , Secre- 
tary of the Congregational Education Society 




Charles H. Richards, D.D. 

The Congregational Church Building So- 
ciety, New York, was represented by its 
new Secretary, Charles H. Richards, D. D., 
who referred to the fact that this society 
is keeping jubilee over the completion of 
a half-century. He said : This society 
was organized 27 years later than the Na- 
tional Home Missionary Society and had 
vindicated its right to be called the right 
arm of that society. It has saved the lives 
of multitudes of its churches ; it has helped 
to develop its struggling weaklings into 
strength; it has made its work effective 
and enduring. 

Congregationalism in 1852 had, after 
2*4 centuries in this country, about 2,000 
churches, with about 200,000 members. 
Congregationalism was provincial, content 
to be shut up in a corner of the country. 
Two thousand churches in the heart of our 
country, naturally Congregational, were 
by our supineness and lack of organic 
self-protection, absorbed by other denomina- 
tions. Little churches in the West formed 
by the sons of Vermont and Massachusetts 
and Connecticut, were ready to perish for 
lack of fellowship and help. 

When the Convention (the prototype and 
forerunner of our National Council) met 
in Albany in 1852, it was electrified by 
the offer of the sagacious Henry C. Bowen 
to give $10,000 to help build houses of wor- 
ship for needy and struggling Congrega- 
tional churches in the West, provided others 
would give enough to make a fund of $50,- 
000 for the purpose. 

Inspired by this Convention, a meeting 
was called the next morning, to promote 
the interests of our churches. It met in 
Broadway Tabernacle, May nth, 1853. It 
had no idea at the outset of becoming a 
church building society, but it organized 
the American Congregational Union chief- 

ly for the purpose of fellowship and fra- 
ternity to express and increase the unity 
of the Congregational churches of our land. 
, Again, the far-sighted and resolute Hen- 
ry C. Bowen turned the gathering to prac- 
tical account by moving the resolution that 
this Congregational Union "be permitted" 
— "permitted," mind you, as though this 
were a very insignificant feature in its 
plan — to raise money to aid needy Con- 
gregational churches in building houses 
of worship. His resolution was stoutly op- 
posed. But the shrewd and prophetic Dr. 
Leonard Bacon was in the chair. He sug- 
gested a slight modification of the reso- 
lution, and on the plea that "it could do 
no harm," persuaded the embryo union to 
adopt the resolution. 

Thus was born the first church building 
society in America, mother and precursor 
of all the others in sister denominations. 
The work of church building, which came 
into its charter, as it were, in a surrepti- 
tious foot note and by stealth, soon be- 
came the chief business of the Union. It 
was resolved to make Forefathers' Day, 
1856, illustrious by a like simultaneous gift 
from all our churches for church building. 
The result was disappointing, less than 
$12,000 being raised, instead of $100,000 
hoped for. Yet these two funds, the Al- 
bany fund and the Forefathers' fund, were 
so wisely distributed as to build 254 
churches in 17 States, including five New 
England States. 

In the first five years the society raised 
barely $12,600, besides the Forefathers' 
fund, an average of about $2,500 a year. 
In the first 12 years of its life the sum to- 
tal of all aid gathered for church build- 
ing was but $80,299. 

The 50 years have- seen a remarkable 
development in the business methods of 
this society, which has elicited the hearty 
approval of wise and careful business men. 



To-day we have something like $3,500,000 
absolutely protected to the uses for which 
it was given, so that if a church dies or 
is translated to another denomination, the 
money invested by us in aiding it, comes 
back to help build another Congregational 
church. Every cent contributed to our 
treasury by the churches goes into our 
Grant fund to help the smaller and weaker 
churches; not one penny of it goes out 
in loans. But we have two other funds, 
a church loan fund and a parsonage loan 
fund, created by legacies and special gifts, 
out of which we are able by loans to meet 
the need of the stronger churches, which 
are able to repay the amount in annual 
instalments. This money is constantly 
coming back to us to be voted out again to 
other churches, and so does its work over 
and over again. Thus we have had re- 
funded to our treasury from parsonage 
loans $253,121 up to Jan. 1 of this year, 
and from church loans, $337,788 since this 
plan was adopted. But nearly every dol- 
lar of it is out again in other churches 
now, or is pledged to them as soon as 
they are ready for it. 

We have reached the point where we are 
helping to build nearly two churches and 
one parsonage every week ; yet we can- 
not keep up with the demand and the ur- 
gent need. Last month 15 States stood 
knocking at our door, asking aid to build 
six parsonages and 20 churches. They 
called for over $32,000. We voted aid to 
as many as we could and had to call a 
halt on the rest. Our money is nearly all 
out or pledged. Every one of our funds 
need replenishing with large amounts. 

What of the future? There is but one 
word to express it, and that is opportunity, 
magnificent opportunity. 

We must multiply our churches and 
our members that we may enlarge and 
intensify our missionary power/ We have 
grown as a denomination some 200 per 
cent, since this society began its work* 
We ought to expect by the end of the first 
quarter of the 20th century to number 
12,000 Congregational churches with 1,300,- 
000 members. Every one of the new 
churches must be housed and every pas- 
tor will need a home. Our work has but 
just begun. 

Wm. A. Duncan, Ph. D. 

"The Church and the Sunday School" 
was the topic of an address by W. A. 
Duncan, Ph. D., of the Sunday School and 
Publishing Society. 

The number of workers employed by 
the missionary department of the Congrega- 
tional Sunday School and Publishing So- 
ciety is 26 superintendents, 26 missionaries 
and 11 temporary helpers. Under the care 
and by the help of these 63 men, 517 new 
Sunday schools have been organized dur- 
ing the 12 months, ending Feb. 28. These 

have been where they were needed, in most 
cases because there were no Christian in- 
stitutions in the place, no church, no Sun- 
day school, no observed Lord's Day; a 
small number comparatively in large towns 
and cities where there was room and to 
spare. Great care has been taken not to 
intrude upon any other Christian denomina- 
tion. Only three years during the history 
of the society has this number of new 
schools been excelled, in 1893, 1895 and 
1896. In the period of depression in the 
great West the number of new schools 
fell to 394 for one year, the only one of 
16 years when the number has been less 
than 400. 

That the favorable opportunities for re- 
ligious pioneer work which have marked 
the year are to continue for some years 
to come is altogether probable. The hard 
and disappointing experiences of the ear- 
lier settlers in the great Northwest came 


largely from their ignorance of the con- 
ditions which they were to encounter and 
from consequent lack of preparation to 
meet them. It was painfully discovered 
that millions of acres which they took 
for agricultural purposes were arid 
and unfit for such uses. Abandoned 
for that purpose, they have been again 
intelligently occupied for grazing and stock 
raising. Then, too, thousands of those 
acres are to be made fertile by the irriga- 
tion plans which the Government has 
adopted and is already putting to use. 
There are many regions where the society 
should return to the old idea of circuit 
riders, and give a man a county or two 
to cultivate, where he can plant a score of 
Sunday schools and visit them often enough 
to keep them alive, and to guide and to 
preach until he has stimulated the spiritual 



life of the people and to a point where 
they will demand and be glad to support 
a pastor so far as they are able whose 
time thej may share with other near set- 

Theodore Clifton, D. D. 

Dr. Clifton took for his theme "Con- 
solidation and Expansion," and said in 
part : 

The Congregational Education Society, 
as it exists to-day, is a union of three 
national home missionary organizations ; 
the old Educational Society, the old Col- 
lege Society, and the old New West Educa- 
tion Commission, and it has five depart- 
ments of missionary activity — the aid of 
colleges, the aid of Christian academies 
as feeders to those higher institutions of 
learning, the support of our mission schools 
in Utah and New Mexico, the aid of a 
limited number of students of special prom- 
ise and great need, studying for the min- 
istry,, and the aid of theological semina- 
ries and training schools for preachers and 
missionaries for both the home and the 
foreign field. 

Sitting in Dr! Pearson's office in Chi- 
cago the other day, he said that the his- 
tory of the Education Society ought to 
be written; that the society has rendered 
great services to the country and the 
Church, and that its work is too little 
known, too little understood and too lit- 
tle appreciated. It has had, said he, an 
honorable past and it ought to have a still 
larger future. Its 39 institutions of all 
grades with their more than 4,000 students 
located, as most of them are, in the needy 
places of the land, out of reach of high 
schools and State universities, must pass 
by unnoticed. Much less can I speak of 
the 30 colleges helped in the past, some of 
them now grown to be among the great- 
est and most useful in the country. Nor 
yet can I mention the grand army of 9,000 
preachers, teachers and missionaries who 
have been helped by this foster mother 
of Christian education. 

To-day the society has upon its list five 
home missionary colleges — Rollins College 
at Winter Park, Fla., in close touch with 

Cuba; Fairmount College at Wichita in 
southern Kansas ; Kingfisher College, 150 
miles farther south in Oklahoma ; Eargo 
College, up in North Dakota, and our 
German-English institution at Wilton Junc- 
tion, la., the only German institution of 
its kind in America under Congregational 
care. More than 20 academies are receiv- 
ing aid either directly or indirectly. One 
up in Michigan, one in southern Illinois, 
three in Wisconsin, one in Iowa, one in 
Minnesota, one in South Dakota, one in 
southern Kansas, one in Arkansas, three 
in Missouri, four in Nebraska and a num- 
ber of others in the farther West. There 
are 12 mission schools, six in Mexico and 
six in Utah, two of the latter large and 
prosperous academies, these 12 schools hav- 
ing over 1,500 students and 30 teachers, 
wholly to be supported by this society. 

Another of the newer and more impor- 
tant enterprises which the Education So- 
ciety now has upon its hands is the estab- 
lishment of a theological seminary at At- 
lanta, Ga., for the white preachers of the 
South. There is not a theological semin- 
ary of any character of any denomina- 
tion in the six Gulf States, including Geor- 
gia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louis- 
iana and Texas — a territory eight times 
as big as all New England, with its mil- 
lions of white population. We have 300 
white Congregational churches in the 
South. There are 300 Congregational 
Methodist churches, which are Congrega- 
tional in polity and Methodist in doctrine 
and shouting, that are coming to us more 
and more for fellowship and help. A 
seminary so centrally located will have 
in a few years a thousand churches as its 
constituency, and as a field for which to 
prepare educated preachers of the Gospel. 
Most of our white pastors in the South 
do not have even a common school edu- 
cation. In natural ability they are equal 
to any of the men of the North, but their 
educational advantages have been meagre. 
We have the negro problem in the South. 
But there is a white-man problem, too, 
and the Education Society is trying to help 
solve it; for both these problems must 
be solved before the race problem is ever 


Addresses by Rev. Joel S. Ives, Secretary of the Missionary Society of Connecticut, J0J1/1 D. 

Kingsbury, D. D. , Superintendent of Arizona, Utah, and Idaho, Rev. W. W. 

Sc udder, Jr., Superintendent of Washington; A. K. Wray, D. D., 

Superintendent of Missouri, and Rev. H. B. Somei/lan, of Cuba 

Rev. Joel S. Ives 

Rev. Joel S. Ives, Secretary of the Mis- 
sionary Society of Connecticut, delivered 
an address on "The Foreigner in New Eng- 
land," which was as follows : 

During the last 40 years an alien multi- 
tude of 16,000,000 has been added to our 
population — an annual average of 400,000 
— which has raised the percentage of 
foreign parentage in the United States 
from 28.2 in 1870 to 34.3 in 1900. 

The last 10 years, and particularly the 
last five, have shown marked changes, not 
only in the astonishing 
increase of numbers, but 
even more in the sources 
of that immigration. 

Since 1898 the increase 
has been more than 100,- 
000 each year, while for 
the last 12 months it is 
more than 200,000 bring- 
ing the total to the un- 
precedented figure of 1,- 
000.000. March regis- 
tered 93,894 and April 
registered 129,632, while 
May promises even to in- 
crease these totals. These 
figures break all records 
of the Immigration Of- 

It is no longer now 
the north of Europe 
vast multitudes to our 
shores. In large pro- 
portion they come from 
which is sending these 
southern Europe — from 
Italy, Sicily, Sardinia, 
from Austria-Hungary with its 13 dif- 
ferent kinds of peoples, from Poland and 
Russia, Turkey, Greece and Portugal. 

During the last six months, including 
April, 1903, 109,122 have come from Aus- 
tria-Hungary, 120,122 from Italy, 59.107 
from Russia, in all, 288,351, out of a total 
European immigration of 382,030, or 75 per 
cent. This is a large increase over any 
preceding year. 

These people of Italy, Austria and Rus- 
sia are poor, superstitious, ignorant and in- 
different, if not hostile, to all forms of 
both Church and State. The oppressions 

forth. Of those over 14 years of age, in 
last year's immigration, 28.7 per cent, were 
illiterate. We have absorbed into our 
Americanism the Saxon, the' Celt, and the 
German ; it remains to be determined what 
we can do with the Latin, the Slav and 
the Hun. What shall we say of New 
Haven with a quarter of its people Ital- 
ians and Hebrews, or of Fall River or 
Woonsocket, where almost nine out of 
every ten are of foreign parentage? 

Emigration also is to be remembered. 
In Connecticut during the last decade it 
was 15 per cent. There are 65,000 New 
Englanders in New York 
city and 100,000 on the 
Pacific slope. At the 
same time the birth and 
death rate constantly fa- 
vor the newcomer. Young 
people, with their large 
families are crowding to 
the front. The Pilgrim 
and the Puritan have 
had their day. Gregorian 
chants and Hebrew syn- 
agogues and sunny 
Italy have' new meanings 
as we read the records 
of 50 different nation- 
alities coming into our 
cities and towns driv- 
ing our native help from 
our factories, buying up 
our "abandoned farms," 
holding the balance of 
power in political and 
moral questions and 
making the future of not 
a few of our churches 
dependent upon these 
very "strangers and foreigners." Over 60,- 
000 Italians and about as many Austro- 
Hungarians have come into New England 
in the last three years. The five New 
England cities of Fall River (86.1), Holy- 
oke (83.2), Lawrence (83.1), Lowell 
(77-9), and Woonsocket (83.6) have a 
higher percentage of foreign population 
than New York (76.9), Chicago (77.4) or 
San Francisco (75.2). 

The imperative demand for missionary 
endeavor is in old New England. The 
gospel must reach these incoming thou- 
sands or the New England of a Christian 
of Church and State have driven them civilization will cease to be. New England 




does not ask help from her giant chil- 
dren of the West, but she does ask that 
these children release her from the long 
and generous care of the past, that she may 
have a care for herself. Connecticut has 
given four and a half million dollars to 
this home missionary enterprise, and 86 
cents out of every dollar have gone out 
of the State. 

Connecticut is the pioneer in missions. 
The Missionary Society of Connecticut, 
organized in' 
1798, is the old- 
e s t missionary 
society of Amer- 


is the pio- 
in foreign 

the gos- 
pel is preached 
in their own na- 
tive tongue to 
Finns, French, 
Germans, Greeks, 
Italians, Nor- 
wegians, Poles, 
Swedes and Sy- 
rians at an ex- 
pense of $20,000 
annually. And 
while these rep- 
resent . one-fifth 
of the population 
of the State, 80 
times as much is 
spent for native 

cut reaches the 
Danes, French, 
Germans, Mag- 
yars, Italians and 
Swedes at an ex- 
pense of $7,000, 
and counts about 
2,000 in the membership of these foreign 
churches. By the employment of general 
missionaries at least 100 different points in 
the State are foreign missionary stations. 

In Maine there is one Scandinavian 
church, in Vermont three Swedish churches 
and in Rhode Island five. The Central 
Church in Providence ministers to the 
Portuguese — in 1900, there were 1,339 Por- 
tuguese in Rhode Island — and in many 
of the larger churches there are Chinese 
classes in the Sunday schools. 

In Connecticut the Congregational 
churches have representatives of 33 differ- 
ent nationalities upon the church rolls, 
and not less than one-sixth of the mem- 
bership is of foreign parentage. It is prob- 
able that the ratio would be larger in 
Rhode Island and Massachusetts. 


There are not enough people in New 
England who clearly believe that the gos- 
pel is the power of God unto salvation 
to the Italian working on the railroad, 
or the Hungarian in the shop, or the Ger- 
man on the farm. 

Supt. J. D. Kingsbury, D. D. 

"Mormonism" was the subject of an ad- 
dress by Superintendent J. D. Kingsbury, 
D. D., now of 
Utah, for 35 
years a pastor 
in Bradford, 
Mass. He said : 

Joseph Smith 
was born in the 
little town o f 
Sharon, Vt., in 
1805. His mother 
was a believer in 
magic and J o - 
seph was taught 
to believe that 
one day he 
should be a 
prophet of God. 
He grew up to 
be a man, tall, 
with light hair 
tinged with au- 
burn, with a 
slanting forehead 
— a man who 
never quarreled, 
a man who in 
low jest had 
no peer. Taking 
h i s early i n- 
struction for the 
guide of life, he 
became a mystic. 
He spent much 
time in the 
woods, praying. 
He had a peep- 
stone, in the 
shape of a hu- 
man foot, which he placed in his 
hat, and bandaging his eyes he could see 
where there was lost treasure and guide 
people to find chests of gold. In this way 
he picked up many a penny, and learned 
the credulity of man. 

When he was 15 years old he saw a 
vision. When he was 18 years old, the 
angel Maroni appeared to him and told 
him that the Bible of the Western Con- 
tinent was hidden in the hill Comorrah, 
New York, but he must not search for 
those golden plates, because he was not 
yet purified. But four years afterward, 
when he was pure, he was taught by the 
angel once more that he might find the 
golden plates. So he found them, in a 
stone chest, 7 by 9 inches, covered over 
with hieroglyphics in modern Egyptian, 



which the poor, illiterate man could not 
read. But there was a pair of magic spec- 
tacles in the same stone box, and when 
he placed the spectacles on his forehead 
he could translate the modern Egyptian 
into halting English. 

Oliver Cowdrey was one of his early 
converts. Martin Harris was a man who 
had more money than wit, and he was per- 
suaded to mortgage his farm that he might 
publish the Bible of the Western Continent. 
Joseph Smith translated behind a curtain, 
and Oliver Cowdrey wrote down the trans- 
lation and Martin Harris sat by in silent 
wonder. When the translation was com- 
pleted, Harris's wife burned it up, because 
she believed that it was a piece of non- 
sense from beginning to end. So the work 
had to be done all over. By and by 
Harris's wife petitioned to the court 
for a division of the property, and sep- 
arated from her husband forever. 

We wonder sometimes at the credulity 
of the world that could accept a faith 
founded upon this Western Bible. It was 
a time of strange, wild, religious excite- 
ment. Miller, who set the world in com- 
motion, began hi? lectures in 1831, and 
then the Mormon Church was only a year 
old. Before his day there had been strange, 
wild expectations about the appearing of 
a new revelation from heaven, and these 
led up easily to those rapturous expecta- 
tions of the end of the world and the 
dawn of immortal glory. There never was 
a time before nor since when it would 
have been possible to have launched the 
Mormon faith upon the world. 

The Mormon Church was organized in 
1830, and Oliver Cowdrey preached the first 
sermon, and Joseph cast a devil out of 
Newman Wright and gained another con- 
vert. Martin Harris and Joseph Smith had 
already, in the woods, seen a vision of 
John the Baptist, who told them that they 
should baptize each other by immersion, 
which they did. 

New York was not favorable. There 
was a man in Kirkland, O., — Sydney Rig- 
don — who was a man of eloquence and 
persuasive power and a great author. Some- 
how he came into acquaintance with Jo- 
seph Smith, and pretty soon there was 
a revelation that the Mormon Church 
should move to Kirkland, Ohio. Rigdon 
brought over the major part of his congre- 
gation, and that was the start of the Mor- 
mon Church. 

They were lacking in funds. Joseph 
Smith could not gain his charter from 
Ohio, and so he gained a charter from 
heaven, that he might have a bank and 
he flooded the country with his bills, which 
were worthless. In the midst of his pros- 
perity in Kirkland he sent missionaries 
abroad, and they spoke to the people over 
the sea about the new revelation — about 
love, about faith, about charity. Most 
of all, they spoke of a land where there 

should be equality, social equality — that 
thing that More dreamed about; that thing 
which Bacon spoke of in a sort of philos- 
ophy ; that which all poets have spoken 
of — that dream of social equality. Converts 
were multiplied over the sea, and when 
the people became discouraged because of 
the worthless bank bills and were rest- 
less about this community living in Kirk- 
land, the hearts of the saints were 
strengthened by the coming in of the con- 
verts from over the sea. 

When it came to be apparent that they 
could not live in Kirkland there was anoth- 
er revelation — that the home of the saints 
was far over the prairie, over in Missouri, 
in Independence, and the towns close by 
Kansas City. Thence they took their first 
pilgrimage and there they builded their 
homes. But the Mormons became so im- 
moral that the people of Missouri could not 
bear them, and they had to leave. 

Then they had another revelation, that 
the home of the saints was to be in Illinois, 
60 miles above Quincy. There they settled, 
their ranks diminished by many who had 
apostatized or who had been killed, and yet 
15,000 pilgrims went across the State and 
settled at the new city, which they called 
Nauvoo, "the beautiful town." 

Joseph Smith was mayor of the city. He 
had a legion of soldiers ; he was lieutenant 
general — and this not by organization and 
election ; it was by revelation of God. But 
his prosperity was his ruin. 

Then came to the front Brigham Young, 
a man of indomitable energy, who, by the 
force of nerve and will and energy, was 
equal to any emergency, who brooked no 
interference. He came to the front, and in 
later years under him Mormonism became 
an imperial dynasty. He took away wives 
from their husbands. He sent men into 
exile. He ordained every business in which 
men were engaged. He originated the Dan- 
ite League, the avengers of blood, who were 
to destroy all men who opposed the faith of 
the Mormons or the will of their leader. 

They made another pilgrimage to the Mis- 
souri River, just above Council Bluffs, and 
there they built 100 log houses and passed 
the winter in such cold and destitution that 
hundreds of the people died. Then they 
organized that pioneer exploring band, with 
Brigham Young at the head of it, which 
passed on, and emerged in the canon which 
lias been called Emigration Canon ever 
since, to behold the valley of the Salt Lake, 
and Brigham ^aid, "There is the Canaan of 
onr hopes." They sent back word to the 
people in the valley of the Missouri, and 
the next year 4,000 people crossed the 

Then came the handcart expedition. 
There were still thousands and thousands 
of people who crossed the plains to this new 
Canaan of hopes. 

There is no such successful project in all 
the line of Socialism as Mormonism. You 



cannot ride through the Salt Lake Valley 
or along those valleys among the canons 
without seeing that there is a thrifty peo- 
ple. Then, if you have a thrifty people, why 
disturb them, why meddle with them? 

Why disturb these people? I say, first, 
because of their bringing down and tread- 
ing under foot the true idea of God. There 
never was a successful people, there never 
was a virtue, where there was not a true 
idea of God. And they believe that God is 
a man, a polygamist at that, and that He is 
begetting spiritual children in Heaven, and 
those spiritual children must have bodies, 
and, therefore, woman is made the slave of 
man's lust, that she may bring forth chil- 
dren, that those earthly bodies may be in- 
habited by the spiritual children in heaven. 

You sometimes say that polygamy is the 
cause of all the trouble. Polygamy is the 
result, the logical consequence. Take away 
the idea of loyalty to' heaven and then 
comes lust and the dethronement of woman 
from her queenly place in the history of 
the world. 

Polygamy is destruction of woman's na- 
ture, of woman's life, indoctrinating her 
heart with this terrible idea that God can 
sit on His imperial throne and hold in His 
divine heart the thought that His daughters 
on earth are to be the slaves of man's lust. 

The time is not long past when it was ut- 
terly impossible to say a word about the 
divine religion in any place in Utah. But 
now we build churches wherever we will. 
We speak our mind in city and in country. 
The closing pastorate of the late pastor of 
the First Church of Salt Lake City so im- 
pressed the people that when he went away 
even Mormons themselves said : "That 
good man must not go." Down in Provo, 
in our academy, we have 350 pupils, with a 
church and Sabbath school and a Christian 
Endeavor Society, having a history equal to 
any church in New England, and moving 
upon the people with a mighty power. 

This silent, sweet, strong influence of 
Christian teaching, Christian life, Chris- 
tian believing is having its mighty 
power on the throng of people in Utah and 
will finally work out the problem to the 
glory of God. 

Supt. W. W. Scudder 

Superintendent W. W. Scudder. of the 
State of Washington, spoke on "The New 
England of the Northwest." He said : 

The West takes hold of nothing but to 
enlarge it. And shall we place this greater 
New England, this Western enlargement of 
the type, in that newest and most distant of 
the Pacific States, that roughest section of 
our country — Washington ? 

That which Congregationalism can give 
the West needs, and is in spirit ready heart- 
ily to welcome. She wants no religious life 
that has not freedom and fellowship. We 
are developing a strong Congregationalism, 
one of fruit-bearing fellowship, not of sere 

and seedy independence. The West is no 
copyist. If she is to found a second New 
England, it will not be an imitation. She 
will build along her own lines. 

We believe our lines are something of an 
improvement over the somewhat stiff and 
self-contained New England pattern. The 
Congregationalism of the Pacific West 
places on the throne, with equal honor and 
authority with the principle of local inde- 
pendence, the still greater principle of gen- 
eral fellowship. Our "rights" and our 
"love," but the greatest of these is love. 
Indeed, she would do more. She would 
make fellowship the hub and circumference, 
clasping her individual churches at centre 
and rim, and from the heart to the outer 
reach of our sturdy spokes of independence, 
firmly bind all into splendid chariot wheels 
for our Master's swift advances. There is 
no more vital principle in Congregational- 
ism. It is not to be feared, but encouraged. 
Out of it all future modifications of our 
polity are to grow. This it is, after all, that 
is at the heart of any criticisms of our polity 
or our missionary boards, or the demands 
/for radical changes. It is the great popu- 
lar yearning in our churches for a closer 
fellowship, both in administration and in 
the frontier work. If superintendents and 
representatives of our missionary interest in 
each State are to work on independent 
lines, then ought our States and our na- 
tional societies to see that men are appoint- 
ed to those positions who can work in 
closest co-operation, and if for any reason 
they cannot and will not, that they be 
speedily replaced by men who will. Too 
much is at stake in our Western fields to 
have State leaders of missionary work pull- 
ing at cross purposes with each other. There 
is not a Pacific coast State in the eighteen 
years I have spent on the coast which has 
not at times suffered severely for this 
cause, and it means all the difference be- 
tween a half paralyzed and a doubly effi- 
cient Congregationalism. There are not 
many of us who know how closer co-ordi- 
nation of our societies and of our press is 
to come, nor have we any advice to offer 
as to the plans and changes that are dis- 
cussed. Possibly we have not in our rush- 
ing life the same intense interest that you 
here feel in these matters, but we believe 
the fellowship principle, if given sway, will 
work this out right. 

"But in what way," you will ask, "are 
you developing fellowship ?" We are preach- 
ing Congregationalism, not from any sec- 
tarian standpoint, for, properly speaking, 
that can never be done. Congregationalism 
— the genuine article — cannot be so set 
forth. But too widely we have forgotten 
that we stand for the fellowship that is 
free and broad, that exalts essentials and 
dethrones the unessential, that comes near- 
est to the ideal of the brotherhood of the 
kingdom — and for fear we might be called 
sectarian, we have stood aside and let the 

1 76 



narrowest form of sectarianism sweep the 
field, to that extent delaying the day on 
which the union of Christ's followers shall 
proclaim His triumph. 

The growing spirit of Congregational fel- 
lowship is showing itself with us in a form 
of county organization. Inaugurated and 
successfully conducted in Walla Walla with 
a wise increase of our work there, it has 
heen adopted by four counties more. The 
pastors and delegates meet, review their 
own work, plan to strengthen each other, 
look over new fields, and arrange for their 
visitation and working, and thus gain an 
intelligent view of the counties' needs and 
inspire in their churches a desire to meet 

A. K. Wray, D. D. 

"Problems of the New Southwest" was 
the subject considered by Superintendent 
A. K. Wray, D. D., of Missouri. He said 
that the first problem is the old problem of 
transfusing new life into the old, easy- 
going type of religion which prevails 
everywhere except in large cities and a few 
localities that have been occupied only since 
the close of the Civil War. This is distinct- 
ly a leavening process. Among other diffi- 
culties in dealing successfully with this 
phase of the work is finding suitable men 
who will have the patience to wait for re- 
sults. The older people are practically be- 
yond our reach. They are wedded to the 
past, with its outworn, ineffective methods 
and ideas. The preaching that suits this 
class is of the noisy platitudinous kind that 
appeals to the emotions. Growth in char- 
acter toward righteousness as a process 
continuous and terrific is seldom preached. 
Christian life is bounded by church mem- 
bership on the one side and the judgment 

day on the other, with nothing positive be- 
tween. If one is a "professor" that is all 
that is required, and conduct is not in- 
quired into. Our insistence on preaching 
services every Sunday in country or village 
is a trifle too strenuous for these old saints. 
A settled pastor with a living salary is an 
unwarranted extravagance. A preacher 
who does not farm or do some other kind 
of manual labor for a living and preach as 
a "side line" is thought to be "stuck up" 
and too high-toned for "common folks." His 
church is known as the "aristocratic 
church," no place for the everyday toiler. 
The "new religion" is called "head religion" 
in contrast with the "good, old heart re- 
ligion." In earlier years the epithet "Yan- 
kee" was used to inflame prejudice. The 
latter day method of opposing our progress 
is more refined, but quite as effectual in not 
a few instances. It takes lots of grace and 
patience to meet this form of opposition 
kindly and sweetly. 

Second. Another great problem has been 
brought to us by the construction of several 
lines of railroad through hitherto unde- 
veloped sections of the two States and the 
Indian Territory. A stream of population 
is sure to follow these new lines of traffic. 
Forests will be felled, farms opened, or- 
chards planted, mines developed, towns 
built with their stores and factories and 
mills. All faiths and no faith will be rep- 
resented among these newcomers. A larger 
proportion of Congregationalists or of those 
acquainted with our history and work than 
have come in the past may be expected, for 
the tide at present is largely from the North 
and East. Of what type shall they be and 

A. K. WRAY, D. D. 



what shall be the moral tone of society? 
What part are we to take in the structural 
work in these new communities ? Have we 
a mission among these busy highways of 
commerce? It is imperative upon us to pur- 
sue the same course with these new com- 
munities that the Home Missionary Society 
has been pursuing with her migrating chil- 
dren for over 100 years. She followed 
them with the missionary and the gospel 
from New England to New York and Ohio 
and thence across the continent to the Paci- 
fic Northwest. She has ministered to their 
spiritual wants while they were peopling 
the wilderness and making splendid 
States out of the Northern Territories. 
She must follow her children into the 
Southland and help them to master the 
new problems of transforming and inspir- 
ing the warm-hearted, easy-going South- 
ern civilization with which she is here 
matched. The issue must be squarely faced. 

Rev. H. B. Someillan 

I shall invite your 
attention, first, to 
what Cuba needs 
to be saved from, 
and, second, unto 
what must she be 
saved. Cuba needs 
to be saved from 
superstition and 
spiritual ignorance. 
I doubt if there is 
another people 
who are more su- 
perstitious than 
mine. It is not 
confined to the il- 
literate alone, but 
even those who be- 
long to the higher class are equally cursed 
with this great evil. 1 
Cuba needs to be j saved from idolatry. 
These two always go together, Super- 
stition and idolatry. An idolatrous peo- 
ple are necessarily a superstitious people. 
The worship of the true God is believed 
by Cubans to be right and proper, yet 
there are practically other gods before 
whom the people bow and in whom they 
trust implicitly for certain needed bless- 
ings. St. Acacio is prayed to for the re- 
moval of epilepsy and paralysis. St. Vin- 
cent Ferrer is an advocate against head- 
aches. St. Horman is often called upon 
for the relief of toothaches. St. William, 


who is a child, stands ready to help all 
tanners who may need his miraculous as- 
sistance, and St. Charles, the good (as there 
seems to be a bad St. Charles somewhere), 
is appealed to for the cure of all kinds of 

Another thing from which my native 
land must be saved, is formalism. It is 
as bad as, if not worse, than either su- 
perstition or idolatry. 

Cuba must be saved, and that speedily, 
from a corrupt and immoral priesthood. 
Many priests are well known to have fam- 
ilies. In many localities a priest is thought 
respectable and honorable if he has but 
one family (though not married), and loves 
them and cares for them. 

Cuba must be saved from all the other 
agencies of Romanism. 

The original and principal cause of Cu- 
ba's unhappiness and misfortune is not 
so much the unparalleled tyranny and 
oppression of a heartless and most despotic 
monarchical government as the triumph of 
Rome in Spanish America, on whose ban- 
ners this motto is inscribed in dusky char- 
acters : "I triumph by the downfall of 
men!" It is, without doubt, that system 
of religion which has well-nigh sapped the 
"foundation of our moral and spiritual struc- 
ture, and which has made the evangeliza- 
tion of our fair island a most difficult 
(though not impossible) task! Many of 
our own people do not seem to fully re- 
alize what the true cause of their unhap- 
piness is. I frequently tell them so and 
endeavor to show them their mistake in 
thinking that all their misfortune and 
wretchedness come exclusively from hav- 
ing been so long oppressed by a cruel gov- 
ernment. The tyranny of Spain has not 
done half as much harm to Cuba as the 
iron heel of proud Rome, which for more 
than four centuries has rested on her neck. 
Every minute that passes without persistent 
effort on the part of the Christian Churches 
of America in this direction adds to the 
many obstacles and environment which 
now perplex and hinder us to an incon- 
ceivable extent. 

You have saved us from the clutches 
of a mighty foe and driven out at an im- 
mense cost of money and many precious 
lives, the enemy that held us in cruel po- 
litical bondage. We shall never, never, for- 
get you. And will not the great American 
nation co-operate in saving the island for 
Christ which she wrestled from the op- 


Addresses by Rev. W.G. Puddefoot, A. M., Eastern Field Secretary; Burton W. Lockhart, 
D. D., of New Hampshire, and Nehemiah Boynton, D. D., of Michigan 

Rev. W. G. Puddefoot 

Taking for his theme "An Unsolved 
Problem," Mr. Puddefoot said in part : 

I ought to say, "the" unsolved problem. 
While we have many problems unsolved 
most of them are in a fair way of being 
solved. We have had the immigrant prob- 
lem for 60 years and a great outcry from 
Washington down has been made of its 
dangers. The 
grandchildren of 
the immigrant of 
50 years ago 
must wonder 
what it is all 
about or do they 
join in the out- 
cry? They do, a 
sure proof that 
the' problem has 
solved itself; but 
the immigrants 
are different to- 
day, they are a 
poorer kind, and 
we expect a mil- 
lion this year. 
Suppose we do 
have a million ? 
That will not be 
so many as in '82 
i n proportion. 
Men tell me that 
they are losing 
their best parish- 
ioners and that 
the Irish, the 
Jews and the 
Italians are tak- 
i n g possession. 
Good for them. 
Where are the 
old residents 
gone? "To the 
Back Bay." 
Good for them, 
too ; do you want 
the alien to stay 

in the slums? Men are afraid because of 
the low types that come and then grum- 
ble because the type has been lifted. 

Another problem is the corruption of 
our great cities. St. Louis and Minneap- 
olis are showing the way out of that. Then 
we have the changed condition of New 
England rural districts, a great problem, 
but the public school is still open, the 
newspaper penetrates to every corner of 
the land and the new comers are being 


lifted in spite of themselves. All of these 
problems are great and serious, but com- 
paratively they are but a drop in the bucket. 
As a proof let me quote a statement made 
in the paper the other day. "Over 100,000 
men on strike on the first of May." There 
were over 30,000,000 at work and mind- 
ing their business. Abraham Lincoln once 
said that "a nation could not live one 
half free and one half slave." Neither can 
a nation exist one 
half educated and 
one half ignorant. 
"I know no coun- 
try,'' says 
Tocqueville, ''in 
which there is so 
little independ- 
ence of mind and 
freedom of dis- 
cussion as in 
America." H e 
refers to it again 
and again and 
never gets over 
his surprise. I 
know men and 
women to-day, 
who after 4 
years break 
down as they tell 
of the anguish of 
their hearts, in 
the awful slav- 
ery time, and 
many will g o 
to their graves 
with hearts un- 
healed by time. 
The negro was 
barely 4,000,000 
strong then. To- 
day he numbers 
nearly 10,000,000, 
and this is the 
unsolved problem 
above all others 
and which must 
be solved if the 
nation is to live as a united people. 

As one travels from the extreme East 
to the Pacific he meets the same kind 
of people, the same types of school, church 
and dwellings, no matter if he runs a few 
hundred miles in the Dominion of Can- 
ada. There is nothing to tell him of the 
separate nations except the Custom House. 
In fact, there is reallv a closer union along 
ethical and geographical lines between the 
Northern States and Canada than exists 



between the North and the South. There 
is a new South — new in cities, in factories 
and in summer resorts, and the newness 
is confined largely to these conditions. 

There is an old South, too ! When we 
find Senator Hoar saying that a Repub- 
lican Senator told him that he thought 
the liberating of the slaves was a mis- 
take, we begin to realize that a man's foes 
are they of his own household. It may 
be possible that the 15th amendment was 
a mistake, but if it was the 14th and 13th 
were likewise. I do not wish for a mo- 
ment that you should think the whole of 
the Southern people are alike. There are 
thousands of good citizens there who de- 
plore the conditions that exist, but no 
amount of good intentions alters the fact 
that year by year the growing sentiment 
is against the negro. 

When I spoke to some hundreds of ne- 
groes in Atlanta University my heart was 
never more sad, for I realized that the 
higher they ascended in knowledge the 
more keenly would they feel the injustice 
of the ignorant white man. One hundred 
thousand dollars a year more is spent on 
the education of the negro in the city of 
Atlanta than is spent on the white peo- 
ple of the whole State of Georgia. We 
are not doing too much for the negro, but 
we are doing all too little for our white 
brother. Wanted : A white Booker T. 
Washington. Nothing is clearer than this. 
The present condition of the white man is 
the cause of all the trouble. For proof of 
this contrast the condition *of the negro 
in Jamaica and in our Southern States. 

We have no Congregational Church 
North, nor East, nor West, and we can 
go. Shall we? If we will follow our Mas- 
ter into the South land he will give us 
the upper and the nether springs. We 
shall have a new birth, a fresh baptism. 
Yes, our very life depends upon it. If we 
do go, in a few years the black cloud 
that now obscures the Southern cross will 
have a silver lining. 

Burton W. Lockhart, D. D. 

Following Mr. Puddefoot, Burton W. 

Lockhart, D. D., of New Hampshire 

spoke on "Reasons for Encouragement." 

He said in part : 

The most serious task this nation con- 
fronts is the presence of 9,000,000 negroes 
in our borders — separated from the white 
man by no geographical boundary, but 
by an abyss of race prejudice which only 
the love of Christ can bridge. The North 
knows that race prejudice here is as deep 
as the carnal mind which is at enmity with 
God. God never laid a problem so heavy 
as this on a nation before. Then there 
is the immense heterogeneity of our peo- 
ple ; 3,000,000 of Scandinavians, 400,000 
Bohemians, a new immigration of the Goth 
and Hun. Our cities are becoming for- 

eign cities. Half our 80,000,000 is of for- 
eign parentage. The brain and soul of 
the land is still Anglo-Saxon, still Puritan, 
still Christian, but the world is stream- 
ing in from overcrowded Europe, men who 
know nothing of our principles of self- 
government, of our simple, free, demo- 
cratic churches. Unbelief is rampant 
among them. All sorts of wild ideas riot 
in their brains. With many atheism is a 
religion. What they war against is faith 
in God. Of 42 Bohemian newspapers, 33 
are devoted to the propagandism of athe- 

Nor do we underrate the gravity of 
the problem forced on us by religion it- 
self, which, like the papal system and 


Mormonism, seems to put in jeopardy the 
truth of the gospel and the health of the 
nation. We recognize the Christian truth 
in the Catholic Church, but the papacy is 
a government, not a religion, asserting 
lordship over the' whole world. It is an 
absolutism, an imperium whose ideals would 
make popular liberty impossible. Mormon- 
ism is the ape of papacy, grotesquely as- 
serting the same exclusiveness and lord- 
ship in the earth, adding a still more 
grotesque attachment of phallic worship, 
the result of sexual hyperaesthesia, inso- 
lently masked as the last oracle of God. 
Mormonism, however, is conscious of its 
weakness, honeycombed with unbelief in it- 
self, and its missionary activity is a des- 
perate endeavor to buttress its weaken- 
ing foundations for a little while. I am 
not afraid of Mormonism. It wholly lacks 
the things which give power to the papacy, 
poetry, and antiquity, saintliness, great 
men. Mormonism is the religion of the 



philistine in a debauch. It cannot stand 
in the hour of sobriety. 

The Church to-day has serener and more 
victorious, because more rational, assur- 
ance of the truth of her gospel, and, there- 
fore, of its final victory, than ever before 
in any age of Christendom. The gospel 
has borne the brunt of a century of scep- 
tical scientific criticism and is vindicated 
before the highest reason of the world. 
God, spirit, freedom, righteousness and 
immortality, when before have these been 
so universally regarded as the realities of 
the universe? Never before could it be 
asserted with such confidence in the vote 
of the soul that the Father is the high- 
est name for God, that love is His heart, 
the redemption is 
the goal of crea- 
tion, that the king- 
dom of God is the 
ideal of social or- 
der, that the spirit 
of holy, joyful 
sonship unto God 
is the ideal of per- 
sonality, and that 
Jesus sums up in 
His unique person 
the glory, beauty 
and power of these 
mighty truths, the 
very word of God, 
whose force is 
forever unspent 
because it forever 
issues from God. 

I am hopeful in 
view of the large 
patriotism which I 
see on every hand. 
Man lives by three 
great passions, love 
of family, love of 
country, love of 
God and humani- 
ty. I see the signs 
of that Christian 
patriotism, the 
passing of section- 
al hate and strife, 

the acceptance of the sublime idea of na- 
tional unity, in the federation of free 
States ; the deep and thankful recognition 
of Christianity as the soul of the nation. 
We can plead for the work of home mis- 
sions by every motive that appeals lo en- 
lightened patriotism. 

And one last thought. I rejoice to live 
in a day when the ideals of the Prince 
of Peace are transforming most subtly the 
heart of the world. In spite of armies 
and navies and rumors of wars it is peace 
the world honors and yearns after to-day. 
The true glory of war is in defense, not 
aggression. But the real glory of our race 
is not in war, but in work. Our benefac- 
tors are that unknown hero who discov- 


ered fire, Cadmus, inventor of letters ; 
Jubal, who gave us musical instruments, 
the makers of Bibles, churches, homes, the 
civilizers, agriculturists, mechanics, poets, 
in wood and stone and spirit, of every 
name, Paul, Luther, Watt, Edison, Whit- 

Rev. Nehemiah Boynton, D. D. 

The concluding address of the three days' 
series of meetings was delivered by the 
Rev. Nehemiah Boynton, D. D., of De- 
troit, who spoke on "The Inspiration of 
Congregational Home Missions," saying 
in part : 

The most interesting coincidence in our 
recent Congrega- 
t i o n a 1 history 
lias been that, 
while in old Bos- 
ton by the shore 
of the Atlantic, 
was holding a ser- 
vice of commemo- 
ration, in new 
Seattle, by the 
shore of the Pa- 
cific, Congrega- 
t i o n a 1 i s m was 
holding a council 
of war. Here was 
a panorama, vivid, 
impressive, with 
moving pictures of 
the great men of 
our denomination 
yesterday. There 
was a programme, 
incisive, inspiring. 
The eye of one 
gathering was up- 
on the past. The 
eager gaze of the 
other was upon 
the future Carlyle 
said that Luther's 
business was to 
work an epic 
poem and not 
to write one. We live in a country which 
is large enough for our Congregational- 
ism at the same time both to write and 
to work the epic poem. Congregationalism 
is rich in her memory only as she wears 
seven-league boots on her march. Her 
services in honor of the dead are justified 
only as her wars in defense of the living 
are brave, heroic, terrific. 

We know what our fathers bequeathed to 
us — high ideals, great inclusions, compre- 
hensive horizons, marvellous consecrations. 
They did not put their religion in pantelets 
or dress their piety in low neck and short 
sleeves. They did not teach us that gos- 
pel hymns like "Let a Little Sunshine In" 
and "The Beautiful Island of Somewhere" 



were the only hymns which were worship- 
inducing when the people came to "rest 
beside the weary way and hear the an- 
gels sing." They did not teach us that 
a limp covered Bible was the infallible ev- 
idence of correct, sane and ample apprecia- 
tion of the truth of God, or that the method 
of the evangelist (which I would not de- 
preciate in its place) is the only panacea 
for the vice and social ills of our growing 
•cities and of our struggling towns. They 
taught us that religion had dignity, dis- 
cernment, devotion, direction. They taught 
us to trust the truth and not to suspect 
that it could not fructify unless subjected 
to the hot-house temperature of an after 
meeting. Out of their spirit of discern- 
ment came our colleges, of their devotion 
our churches, of their practical direction 
and energy our missionary societies. Great 
is the heritage. Let us not be swayed away 
from it by cheap methods, by easy solu- 
tions, by get-saved-quick nostrums. If we 
have any denominational sign it is this: 
"We advertise only the best goods." 

Henry Drummond has taught us that 
in missionary work we need not only the 
sharpshooter who now and then brings 
down his man, not only the business man 
who is here to-day and gone to-morrow, 
but that we need the student, the scholar, 
the statesman, the orator, the capacious 
•Christian as well. Congregationalism stands 
for inclusive mission work. 

The inspiration of Congregational home 
missions is, first of all, the inspiration 
of comradeship. Those who have read 
the life of George Romanes will not soon 
forget that his attention was turned, bril- 
liant scientist that he was, to the sub- 
ject of personal religion by his respect 
for the achievements in the science in 
which he was interested of a foreign mis- 
sionary. Their comradeship in scientific 
pursuit paved the way for their spiritual 

The second inspiration of Congregational 
home missions is the majesty of the task. 

One of the great perils which beset the 
Church to-day is the under estimate of the 
majesty of her missionary task. If our 
leading men are content increasingly to do 
greater and greater things in the com- 
mercial world, and, at the same time, are 
willing to do less and less things in the 
Church, the outcome is inevitable. They 
must be taught to do as great things in the 
Church, and greater proportionately, than 
they are doing in the great outside world. 
They must respect the proportions of the 

enterprise with which they are entrusted. 

The third inspiration is the spirit of 
reciprocity. Missions are quite usually con- 
ceived of as the march of the benevolence 
of the East to the spiritual conquests of 
the wild and woolly West. It is time for 
us to notice the refluent wave and to ap- 
preciate the reciprocal influence which 
comes back again to those who so brave- 
ly and sacrificially entered the new fields. 

If I were an artist, I would paint a 
picture which I believe of great significance. 
It would represent four men seated about 
a table — a Catholic priest, a Presbyterian, 
a Methodist, a Congregationalist. Who 
are they? They are pioneers, missionaries 
to a great State. And what are they do- 
ing? Feeling the need of education as the 
handmaid of piety. They are laying the 
foundation for what has since become 
perhaps the greatest university in the in- 
terior of our country, the University of 

When Senator Tillman speaks and tells 
us in imperious tones that we must leave 
the South to solve its own problem alone, 
we inevitably turn to the spirit of recipro- 
city, and reply to him that no part of Amer- 
ica can be saved except every other part 
of it contribute; that the North cannot 
be saved without the West; that all to- 
gether make the music; either marred and 
all is mute. The spirit of reciprocity is 
one of the great inspiring triumphs of 
home missionary work. 

Finally, there is inspiration in the re- 
pose of our ascending faith. Our great 
national need is reverence. The men who 
''pat God on the shoulder" are multiply- 
ing; but so are the men who, having given 
their all to the work of God in our coun- 
try, rest back in His everlasting arms, be- 
lieving that His strength begins where their 
own ends. God is more interested in Amer- 
ica than any company of Christians can 
possibly be, and His purposes are to be 
fulfilled. Men who are willing to work 
to the utmost, and then lean back in the 
repose of their faith, in the arms of the 
performing God, are the men after all 
who are fulfilling most royally their com- 

It is the repose of this faith which springs 
from a deepened reverence, from an ever 
enlarging communion, from an ever grow- 
ing confidence, which makes the Christian 
missionary sure that, so far as America 
is concerned, its kingdoms are to become 
the kingdoms of our Lord and of His 




June, 1903 

Not in commission last year. 

Bray, John L., Kansas City, Mo. 

Fink, G. F., Colorado Springs, Colo. 

Fulgham, Philip O., Beech wood and Cedarwood, Ind. 

Graf, Walter C, Sulphur Springs, Colo. 

Humby, Stanly M., St. Louis, Mo. 

Livingston, Herbert R., Villa Park, So. Cal. 

Minich, D. H., Malheur City, and - Irionside, Ore. 

Schermerhorn, Lucien, Hopkins, Minn. 

Turrill, Charles \V\, Terre Haute, Ind. 


Adams, Hubert G., Willow Lake, So. Dak. 
Andrewson, Andrew J., Maple Valley, Wis. 
Barnes, Alice S. N., Columbus, Mon. 
Bartlett, Daniel W., Los Angeles, Cal. 
Bickers, William H., Weatherford, Okla. 
Bolger, Thomas F., Steamboat Springs, Colo. 
Bohn, Nels J., Foreston, Minn. 
Brue, James, Union and Long Straw, La. 
Burkett, C. E., River Falls, Wallace and Volina, Ala. 
Butler, Jesse C, Central and Cotton, Ala. 
Byrons, E. H., New Smyrna and Oak Hill, Fla. 
Campbell, Charles, Sanford, Fla. 
Carroll, W. I., Dallas, Texas. 
Case, Alden B., Southern California. 
Childs, Lucas S., Seward, Okla. 
Cross, Rowland S., Dawson, Minn. 
Dawson, W. T., Turton, So. Dak. 
DeBarritt, Alfred, Cienfuegos, Cuba. 
Donat, Joseph, Stockdale, Penn. 
.Doty, Micajah, Carthage, So. Dak. 
Drew, Frank L , Tempe, Ariz. 
England, Theodore, Perth Amboy, N. J. 
Engstrom, Alfred P., Spencer Brook and Athens, 

>' Minn. 
Fellows, C. B., General Missionary in Minn. 
Ftaser, Arthur E., Coal Creek, Colo. 
Frazee, John H., Knoxville, Tenn. 
Gier, Lion E., Piatt Valley, Colo. 
Gilpatrick, Howard, Hope, No. Dak. 
Halliday, Joseph C, Orange City. Fla. 
Hayworth, Miss Lulu, General Missionary in Fla. 
Hill, Charles F., Perth, Ind. 
Hughes, John E., Cortez, Colo. 

Kiikland, Hugh, Caseyville, and Cardonia, Ind. 

Kovac, Andrew, Allegheny, Penn. 

Lance, Leonard G., Clear Lake, Wis. 

Lanphear, Walter E., Geddes, So. Dak. 

Le Bar, William H., Carrier, Okla. 

Leeds, Paul, Kinder, La. 

Lindholm, Lambert T., Plainfield, N. J. 

Lyman, William A., Pierre, So. Dak. 

McCallie, Thomas S., East Lake and Chattanooga, 

'1 enn. 
McAVilliams, J. W., Capron, Okla. 
Mack, Charles A., Fessenden, No. Dak. 
Marsh, Byron F., Mt. Dora and Tangerine, Fla. 
Merrick, Solomon G., Cocoanut Grove. Fla. 
Naylor, James W., Vining and Nashville, Okla. 
Nelson, Frank, Warren, Penn. 
Nichols, Danforth B., Mission Hill, So. Dak. 
Noble, Mason, Lake Helen, Fla. 
Nugent, Charles R., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Page, John, Denver, Colo. 
Pharr, Theodore A., Dothan, Ala. 
Powell, Katherine W., Custer, So. Dak. 
Prucha. Miss Therese, Allegheny, Penn. 
Reud, W. R., Nogales, Ariz. 
Robertson, George, Mentone, So. Cal. 
Robinson, Alice M., Panama, So. Cal. 
Robinson, Charles W., Lakota. No. Dak. 
Robinson, William H., R< sedale and Poso, So. Cal. 
Ruddock, Charles A., Lamberton, Minn. 
Sheaff, R. L., Anadarko, Okla. 
Smith, Frank N., Port Arthur. Texas. 
Smith, Richard, Hobart, Ind. 

Stewart, John R., Pleasant Hill and Brooks, Ala. 
Thieme, K. F., North Enid, Okla. 
Thom, Arthur A., Waubay, So. Dak. 
Thompson, Thomas, Athol and Frankfort, So. Eak. 
Todd, William E , Key West, Fla. 
Torrence, James S., Carbon Co., Mon. 
Townsend, Stephen J., Avon Park, Fla. 
Upshaw, William L., Hobart, Okla. 
Umsted Owen, Trinidad, Colo. 
Weatherwax, Franklin W. Eden, Ft. Pierce, and 

Sebastian, Ha. 
White, Isaac J., Leon and Bradley, Ala. 
Williams, Mark W , Sanborn, No. Dak. 
Woodruff, P. G., General Missionary, Fla. 


For account of receipts by State Auxiliary Societies, 

see page 186. 
MAIHE-$i2.6 2 . 

Bath, Winterst., 10.82; Park, Mrs. H. M. Pendleton, 
50c; West Brooksville, 1.30. 


N. H. Home Miss. Soc, A. B. Case, Treas., 3.09; 
Bennington, 6.8t; Manchester, Ladies Benev. Soc, 
25 ; South Tamworth, Miss E. Beede, 1 ; Peter- 
boro, L'nion, 18 50. 

VERMOftT-$566. 7 8. 
, Vermont Domestic Miss. Soc, J. T. Ritchie, Treas. 
75. 53 ; Bennington Centre, Old 1st, 10 ; Charlotte, 
8.77; Dummerston, 15; Lyndon, 1st, it. 05 ; Man- 
chester, E. J. Kellogg, 5; Milton, "A Friend," 10; 
Springfield, *6.i8; Vergennes, 19.10. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. C. H. Thompson. 
Treas., A Friend, Special Thank Off., 25. ; Ascut- 
neyville, 8 75 ; Bakersfield, 8; Barton Landing, 
10; Brattleboro, Ladies' Assoc, 20; Burlington, 
Coll. St., 13.60; 1st, 10; Cambridgeport, V. P. s. C. E., 
60c; Castleton, W r . Miss. Club, 7 ; Chelsea, Y. P. S. C. 
E., 4.5s; Cornwall, 8; Dorset, 1575: Fairlee, 10; 
Franklin, 5.15 ; Granby, H. and F. Miss. Soc , 1 ; Y. 
P. S. C. E., 1 ; jeffersonville, 10 ; Ludlow, 15 ; Mil- 
ton, S. S., 3.31; Montpelier, Bethany Miss. Soc, 
10 ; Newbury, ; New Haven, Ladies' Union, 735; 
Newport, 10 ; Poultney, East, 8.73; Randolph, Cen. 
Y. P. S. C. E., s; Rutland, 25. ; St. Albans, 30; St. 
Johnsbnry, North, 20; North, "A Friend.'' 5 ; Stowe, 
6.55 ; Underbill, Homeland Circle, 10.81 ; Waterbury, 
15 ; Williamstown, V. P. S. C. E., 2 j Woodstock, 3=. 
Total $376.15 

MASSACHUSETTS — $5,150.64; of which legacies. 


Mass. Home Miss. Soc, by Rev. E. B. Palmer. 
Treas. By request of Donors 72. 

Amherst, Estate of W. M. Graves, 1,400 ; Blandford. 
1st, 26.90 ; Bridgewater, W r . F. Leonard. 5 ; Chelsea. 
Estate of A. M. Dutch, 343.45: East Haverhill, 4 th, 
2; East Lonemeadow, 1st. 9.50; Gloucester. H. M. 
W r alen, 10; Haverhill, Riverside, 10.70; Holyoke, 
1st, 35.40; Hubbardston, 15; Lowell, Estate of L. R. 
Parker, 74 ; Newbury, Mission Band of the C. E , 10 64; 
Norton, Trin., 61.75; Peabody, S. Mills, 51c; Pitts- 
field, Legacy of Abby M. Campbe'l, 500; Revere, 
Miss L. A. Rea. 10; Rutland, N. I. Sargent, 4 so; 
Springfield, North, 100 ; Stockbridge, S. S., 5 ; Stur- 
bridge, C. E., 10; Webster. 3; Wendell, 1148; 
Whitinsville, 1,736.81: Lstate W. H. Whitin, 500.; 

Woman's H. M. Assoc, Miss L. D. White, Treas. 
For Salary Fund, 193. 

RHODE 1SLAND-$i 7 o. 5 o. 

Chepachet, 31 ; Pawtucket, J. R.MacColl, Salary 
Fund, 125 ; Woonsocket, Globe, 14 50. 

CONNECTICUT-$a,337. 9 8 ; of which legacy, $500.00. 

Miss. Soc. of Conn., by Rev. J. S. Ives, 56.88; 
For Salaries Western Supts., 675. 

Branford, H. G. Harrison, 10 ; Bridgeport, C. E. of 
the South, 9.76; "C. S. T.," 1, Bristol, 1st, Salary 
Fund, 55,22: Bozrah, 12.50; Chester, n : Connecti- 
cut, "A Friend," 10 ; Coventry, Legacy of Mrs M. J. 
K.Gilbert. 500; 1st, 10.04 ; Madison, 1st, 14.32 ; New- 
Haven, United, 375 ; S. S. Ch. of the Redeemer, 13.50; 
New London, In memory of S. P. C, 25 ; Northfield, 



6.08 ; Ridgebury, 11 : Saugatuck, S. S., 3.86 ; Sharon, 
1st, 9.70: Stafford Springs, 27.78; Willimantic, n.39. 

"Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. W. W. Jacobs, Treas. 
Brooklyn, Ladies' Aux., 4.55 ; Hartford, Park, 
Ladies' Miss, and Sew. Soc, 10; Southed, Aux. ,340 ; 
Meriden, 1st, Guardian Soc, 20; Milford, A few 
friends, Plymouth, 5 ; New Briton, South, 8.40 ; New 
Milford, 44; Winsted, 2d, H. M. Dept., 48. 

Total $479.95 

HEW YORK— $1,214.14 ; of which legacy, $90.00. 

Brooklyn, Lewis Ave., 109; Park Ave. S. S., Branch 
of Tompkins Ave., 30 ; Boys' Mission Band of the 
Clinton Ave. Ch., 25 ; J. P. Roberts. 5. ; Clinton, Mrs. 
M. I. Kinne, 1; Danby, C. E., 5; Gaines, 3.90; Greene, 
1st, 28 ; Groton City, 6 50; Hamilton, 7 ; Keene Val- 
ley, 720; Prattsburgh, Estate of Mrs R. Waldo, 90; 
Remsen, 1st, 5 ; Spencerport, 1st, 21.32 ; Syracuse, 
Geddes, S. S., 3 28 . Woodhaven, 1st, 9.84. 

Woman's H. M. Uuion. Mrs. J. J. Pearsall, Treas., 
92.66; Blooming Grove, so; Brooklyn, Lewis Ave., 
E. M. C, 10; E. W. M. B., to constitute D. Horton an 
H. L. M., 50 ; Bushwick Ave., L. L., 10; Central Ch. L. 
B. S., to constitute Mrs. E. H. Crampton, Mrs. J. W. 
James, and Mrs. L. Redding, H. L. M., 153-25; Puri- 
tan, C. E. S., 21 ; Clinton Ave., L. B. S., 71.59 ; Canan- 
daigua, 7.25 ; Candor, 17.70 ; Clayton, 9 50 ; Elbridge 
Aux., 16.35; Fairport, 15; Flushing, Ch., and H. M 
S., 5; Greene, Aux., 15.59; Honeoye, Aux., 10 
Burns Class, 8.40 ; Hudson River Asso., meeting, 4 
Ithaca, 81.50; Madrid, Aux., 6; Middletown, 1st, S 
S., 10; Newark Valley, Aux., 8.12; Oswego, 10 
Riverhead, 1st, 20; Sound Ave. ,25; Schenectady, 10 
Seneca Falls, 10. ; Syracuse, Goodwill, 36. ; Geddes, 
L. G.,7; Plymouth S.S., 11. 19; Warsaw, to constitute 
Mrs. M. Cotton an H. L. M., 50; Woodhaven, 5. 

Total $857.10 

NEW JERSEY— $409.58. . 

Cedar Grove, Union Ch.,n; Jersey City, 1st, 29.60; 
Perth Amboy, Swedish Ch., 3.53 ; Westfield, 365-45- 


Audenried. Welsh S. S.. 5 ; North Scranton, Puritan 
Ch., 5; Pittsburg, Swedish, 7.70; Rendham, 2. 

Woman's Missionary Union, Penn., Mrs. D. 
Ho wells, Treas., Guys Mills, 3. 

MARYLAND— $1 1 . 50. 
Canton, 7.50; Frostburg, 4. 

VIRGINIA-$9. 3 5- 
Falls Church, 9.35. 

ALABAMA— $2.00. 

Hanceville. Mt. Grove Ch., 2. 
LOUSIANA— $189.40. 

Jennings, 189.40. 

FLORID A-?37 85. 

Ocoee, 3.50; Tampa, 1st, 3.50; Westville, 6.24; 
Winter Park, 24.61. 


Austin, Tillotson, 2.50 ; Dallas, Central S. S. ro. 

OKLAHOMA— $24. 52 . 

Kingfisher, 5 ; Lawn view, 3 ; Okarche, 1st, 4.25. 

Woman's Missionary Union, by Mrs. C. E. Worrell, 

NEW MEXICO— $20.00. 

White Oaks, 20. 
OHIO— §26.60. 

Atwater, 2i.go; Eagleville, 4.70. 
INDIANA— $98.05. 

Fort Wayne, South Ch., 2 ; Hobart, 1st, by Rev. R. 
Smith, 7.75. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs A. D. Davis. Treas. 
Alexandria, 6.55 ; Anderson, 5.85 ; East Chicago, 
14.40 ; Elkhart, Y. P. S. C. E., of which, 10, for Alaska, 
1650; Indianapolis, Plymouth Ladies' Union, 30; 
Michigan City, 7 ; Shipshewana, 1 ; Terre Haute, 
Plymouth, 7. Total $88.30 

MISSOURI -$100.53. 

Kansas City, Clyde. 13.68 ; C. E. of the Clyde, 4.50; 
Prospect Ave., 10; Sedalia, 2d, 7.65 ; Webster Groves, 


Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. A. J Steele, Treas., 
St. Louis, Pilgrim, Woman's Assoc, Mrs. R. Webb, 50. 

WISCONSIN— $112.56, of which legacy, $110.56. 

Milwaukee, Estate of E. D. Holton, 110.56; Wau- 
sau, Mrs. M. L. Clark, 2. 

IOWA— $5,011.00. 

Davenport, "A Friend," 5,000; Iowa City, Mrs. M. 
Goodrich, 3 ; Salem, W. M. S., 8. 

MINNESOTA— $1,074.44 ; of which legacy, $776.36. 

Received by Rev. A. Clark, Backus and Hackensack, 
5.95 ; Guthrie, 53c. ; Athens and Spencer Brook, Scand. 
Chs., 1.60; Minneapolis, Estateof Dr. James A. Smith, 
776.36; Scands.. 23^; Vine, 10; North East Mission, 
25c; New Richland, First, n.09; St. Paul, Olivet, 
Merriam Park. 36; German, Ch.,5; Springfield, 11; 
Spring Valley, 1st, 12.17 ; Walker, n.18. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. A. W. Norton, Treas. 
Ada, S. s., 4.46 ; Cannon Falls, 5 ; Duluth, Pilgrim, 
s. S. class Happy Pilgrims. 10; Excelsior, 4; Fari- 
bault, Y. P. S. C. E., 11 ; Minneapolis, 1st, 28 ; Lyn- 
dale, Y. P. S. C. E., 12.50; Fremont Ave., 15 ; Forest 
Heights, 10; Plymouth, to constitute MissM! E. Pom- 
eroy an H. L. M., 50; Bethany, 6; Northfield, Y. P. 
S. C. E., 15 ; Perham, 2 ; Rochester, 15 ; St. Paul, St. 
Anthony Park, 10. Total, 197.96 (Less expenses, 
$7.00 . Total $190.96 

NEBRASKA— $55.60. 

Curtis, S. s., 3 ; C. E. S., 2 ; Liberty Creek, German 
Ch., 5; Newman Grove, 22.50; Pickrell, C. E., 3.75; 
Plymouth, 1st, 10; Waverly, 3.45; Wymore, 5.90. 

NORTH DAK0TA-$g8.2 7 . 

Dickinson, 1st, 25 ; Edmore and Lawton, 2 ; Harvey, 
1st, 6.50; Manoel, 5.50; Olivet, 2.30; Wyndmereand 
Dexter, 2. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. J. M. Fisher, Treas.; 
Carrington, C. E., 2.50; Jr. C. E., 1; Cooperstown, 
3 ; Fargo, Plymouth, 9 ; Fessenden, C. E., 6 ; Forman 
3; Getchell, C. E., 4.62; Hankinson, Ladies' Aid, 
785; Sykeston, Ladies, 3 , Wahpeton, 15. 

Total $54.97 

SOUTH DAKOTA— $242.99. 

Received by Rev. W. H. Thrall, Howard, Miss. Soc, 
1.50; S. S., 1,50; Canova, 6.50: Alcester, 5; Colum- 
bia, 10 ; Gothland, 2.41 ; Hot Springs, 1st. 3 ; Hudson, 
S. S. 5 ; Keystone, 1st, 3.50 ; Lisbon, and Wrights S. 
H., 1.50 ; Lisbon, s ; McCook, 1st, 3 ; Worthing, 6 25. 

Woman's H. M. Union, by Mrs. A. Loomis, Treas., 


COLORADO— $61.15. 

Received by Rev. H. Sanderson, Paonia, 3.50: 
Received by Rev. W. C. Veazie, Creede, Amethyst 
Ch., 24.50 ; Trinidad, 12.75 : Elyria, Pilgrim Ch., 10.85 > 
Julesburg, 1st, 2.05; Loveland, German Ch., 3.50; 
Sulphur Springs, Kremmbling and Grand Lake, 4. 

WY0MIHG-$ 3 5.85. 

Received by Rev. W. B. D. Gray. Cheyenne, 1st, 
S. S. Easier Offering, 35.85. 


Billings, 40.11 ; Helena, 1st, 20. 

Bakersfield, 15; Panama, 1st, 3.20; Pasadena, 
North, 5 ; Rosedale, 10. 

OREGON -$13 02. 

Sherwood, 2.50. 

Woman's H. M. Union, by Mrs. C. F. Clapp, Treas. 
Wilsonville, 10.52. 

WASHINGTON— $59-95- 

Received by Rev. S. R. Wood. Columbia, n.40; 
Leavenworth, 14.14: West Seattle, 7.24. 

Endicott, German Ch., 7; Granite Falls, Union 
Ch., 50c. ; Hartford, 1 ; Machias, 1 ; Seattle, Green. 
Lake Ch., 5 ; German Ch., 10 ; Tacoma, 1st, 2.67. 

1 84 



ANONYMOUS -$2.00. 


Contributions $13,537 4» 

Legacies 3,794 37 

S'7.33 1 7 8 

Interest 310 00 

Home Missionary 183 og 

Literature 390 

Books 1000 

Advertising 121 94 

$17,960 71 




Receipts in May, 1903. 

Rev. Edwin B. Palmer, Treasurer, 

Amesbury, Union, 9.75; Andover, Free Christian, 
53.48; Anonymous, 20; Attleboro, 2d, s. S., 7.14; 
Bank balances, Int., 31110s., 48 26; Billerica, North, 
Mrs. E. R. Gould, 18; Blackstone, Ch., 10; S. S., 
3; Sr. C. E., 2; Jr. C. E., 1; Boston, Dorchester. 2d. 
E. C. A. Day Band, 5 ; Italian Ch.. 10; Roxbury High- 
land (in part), 5; Rox. Wal. Ave. C. E., 5; Braintree, 
1st, 2.7s; L. H. M. Soc, 60; Brid.gewater, Scotland, 
6.21 ; Brockton, Porter, S. S., 6 65 ; Brookfield, 6 20 ; 
Cambridge, Friend, 50 ; Kendall, Geo. K.,(Ital work), 
.25 ; Cummington, Village, 7 ; Deerfield, South, 35 99 ; 
Easton, North, Swede, 5 ; Erving, 5 ; Falmouth, 
North, Nye, Jas., annuity (2 years), 10.96; Finns, 6 78; 
Foxboro, 13. og, Freetown, Assonet, n.25; Frost, 
Rufus S., fund. Income, 24; Gloucester, West, for 
general Missionary's serv.ce), 35; Granby, Ferry, 
Rosamond E., Est,., 200; Gurney R. C, fund, Income, 
12; Hatfield, 40.11: Haverhill, Ward Hill, 2; 
Holyoke, 2d, 114.51; Hyde Park, 1st, 60.S9; S. S..2.25: 
Lawrence, Swedes. 8 80; White. Samuel, 50; Maiden, 
Map., Swed., 5; Massachusetts, Thankbffenng, 50; 
Maynard, 8; Medford, Mystic, S. S , 6. 34; Melrose, 
Highlands, 41.64- Milton, 1st Evan., 18.59; Newbury, 
1st, 18.31; Worth Brookfield, 1st, 78; Norwegians, 
8.77; Pittsfield, 1st, 32.91; French Mission, 25; 
Plymouth, Pilgrimage, 6.65; Pole, Returns, 4.87; 
Reading, 15; Reed, Dwight, fund Income, 30; Ro- 
chester, East, Miss. Circle, 5; Rowley, 7.10; Royal- 
ston, 2d. 7.59; Shelburne, faddl.), 10; Somerville, 
Highland, 5.53; Prospect Hill, 13.01; Springfield, 
North, Ladies' Miss. Soc, 1.00; Taunton, Fast, 5.44; 
Townsend, 10 31 ; Ware, 1st, 19.25 ; Wellesley, 100 55 ; 
West Springfield, 1st, 7. so; Weymouth, South, O. 
South, 10: Whitcomb, David, fund, Income, 230; 
Whitin, J. C, fund, Income, 124; Winchester, 
Pierce, S. G., Est. of, 566.66; Wobnrn, North, 19.42; 
Worcester, Bethanv. 16. so; Old S^uth, 92.23; Union, 
45 ; Worcester South Conference, 36.41. 

Woman's H. M. Association, by Miss Lizzie D. 
White, Treas ; Grant for salary of Miss C. L. Tenney. 
50; Grant for salary of Mrs. Ellen May, 35; Roxbury, 
Walnut Ave. Aux., for salary of Rev. S. Deakin, 59. 

Total, Regular, $2,699.55 ; W. H. M. A., $144.00 ; 
Home Missionary $4.80. 

Total $2,848.35 

Page 137, June No., 2d column, under Mass. H. M. 
For " Berkeley" (town), read Berklev. 
" "6.27" under Roxbury, Immanuel, read 627. 
" " Bedford," read Boxford. 
" " Howard " under Brookline, read Harvard. 
" Cambridge, 12.77," read Cambridge Pil- 
grim. 12.77. 
" "Henrickson," read Henrikson. 



Receipts in May, 1903. 

Ward W. Jacobs, Treasurer, Hartford. 

Ablngton, 4 : Chester, 1060; Grassy Hill, 3.33; 
Hartford, South, 400 ; Karmington Ave., 50 ; 4 th, Lydia 
Circle, King's Daughters, 5; Middletown, 1st, 23.81; 
Montville, 1st, 6.13; New Britain, South, S. S.. 17 • 
New Hartford, 1st, for C. H. M. S , 41 ; New Haven, 
Plymouth, 5370; Redeemer, 3696; Northfield, 6.07; 
Norwich, B'wav, Young People's Union, for Italian 
work 10; OldSaybrook, 2.72; for C. H. M. S., 2 72- 
Plantsville, 27.-0; Rocky Hill, Mrs. Marv Rose 
Griswold, personal. 2 ; Scotland, 13.91 ; Sherman, 
25; Sonth Coventry, for .Miss Hartig, n ; Jr. C. E., 
for Miss Hartig, 2; Thomaston, 1st, for C. H. M. S., 
13.16; Washington, 1st, 10.15; Winsted, 1st, for Miss 
Hartig, 1.24; 2d, 68.32; Woodstock, 1st, 15. 

W. C. H. M. U. of Conn., Mrs. Geo. Follett, Secre- 
tary ; Hanover, Woman's Homeland Missionary Circle 
5.25; Hartford, 1st, W. H. M. S., 5.75; Middletown, 
1st, H. M. S., all for salary fund of M. S. (J., 10; 
Mystic, H. M. ( ircle, 2 ; New Preston Hill ,7 ; New 
Britain, South Ch. Aux. 2; South Britain, H. H. 

S., 9 . 

Total §912.52 

M. S. Cm $855.64 
C. H. M.S., 56.88 



Receipts in May, 1903. 
Josiah D. Evans, Treasurer. 
Buffalo, 1st. 100; Chenango Forks, 5.80; Win- 
throp, 5; Church Extension Soc, N. Y. 125. 

Total $235.80 

Receipts in May, 1903. 

Rev. J. G. Fraser, Treasurer, Cleveland. 

Ashtabula, Finnish. 3; Chardon, 12.60; Cincin- 
nati, Lawrence St., 25; Columbus, South, S. S., 7; 
Huntsburg, C. E., 10; Ironton, W. H. M. S., 25.82; 
Kelloggsville, 3.89 ; Lawrence, 5 ; Lucas, Arthur 
Leiter, 5; Nelson, 5; Oberlin, 2d, a personal gift, 100; 
Ravenna, 9 15: St. Mary's, proceeds sale of pulpit, 
5; Stanleyville, S. S., 2 ; Wellington, 20. 

Total $238.46 

Reported at the National Office in May, 1903. 

Concnrd, N. H., Social Circle of South Ch., box, 
115; Conway, Mass., Ladies' Soc two barrels 
and box, 114.50; Middletown, Conn., South Ch., box, 
123; North Fairfield, 0., L. M. S. of ist Ch., 
barrel, 54.6S; Orange, N. J., Orange Valley Ch., box 
and barrel, 75; Portsmouth, N. H., Ladies of H. 
M. S. of North Ch , barrel. 11048; West Hartford, 
Conn., 1st Ch , box and barrel, 143. Total $740.66 

Received and Reported at the Rooms of the 

Woman's Home Missionary Association 

in May, 1903 

Miss L. L. Sherman, Secretary. 
Andover, Free Ch. Aux., 2 bbls., 121.80; Cam- 
bridge, ist Ch. Aux., 2 bbls. and package, 150; 
Chester, Aux., box, 13; Florence Mission Circle, 
box, 32 ; Hyde Park, Young Ladies' Society, box, 
34.2s; Newtonville, Aux., bU., 4 i. -o; Newton 
Centre, Aux., bbl., 136. 

The list of superintendents and Auxiliary officers usually found on the third page of the cover is necessarily 
omitted from this number. 

♦Erratum:— Page 138 in June number under Missionary Society of Connecticut, read for Litchfield ist. 
Litchfield ist. C. E. 


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"\JI7INfl flDflAW^ are just as carefully made as WING PIANOS. They have 
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62-65 Bible House 
New York 

'hr° c 




An Illustrated Magazin 
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Its scope and character are indicated by the following titles 
articles that have appeared in recent issues : 

Picturesque Venezuela— Illustrated 
Haunts of Eben Holden — Illustrated 
A Journey Among the Stars— Illustrated 
In the Great North Woods — Poem . . 
Beautiful Porto Kico— Illustrated . . 
In Eip Van Winkle's Land— Poem . . 
Nature's Chronometer — Illustrated 
Van Arsdale, The Platitudinarian — Illu 
The Three Oregons — Illustrated . . . 
Ancient Prophecies Fulfilled— Illustr'd 
The Stories the Totems Tell— Illustrated 
A Little Country Cousin— Illustrated 
The Mazamas— Illustrated .... 
When Mother Goes Away— Poem . 
A Little Bit of Holland— Illustrated 
The Romance of Reality— Illustrated 
Samoa and Tutuila— Illustrated . . 
Under Mexican Skies— Illustrated . 
Niagara in Winter— Illustrated . . 
Little Histories— Illustrated 

Old Fort Putnam 

The Confede»ate White House . 

The Alamo 

. Frederick A. Ober 
. Del B. Salmon 
. Frank W. Mack 
. Eben E. Rexford 
Hezekiab Butterwo: 
. Minna Irving 
. H. M. Albaugh 
Charles Battell Loomls 
. Alfred Holman 
. George H. Daniels 
. Luther L. Holden 
. Kathleen L. Greig 
. Will G. Steel 
. Joe Cone 
. Charles B. Wells 
. Jane W. Guthrie 
. Michael White 
. Marin B. Fenwick 
. Orrin E, Dunlap 

William J. Lampton 
Herbert Brooks 
John K. Le Baron 


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V^ v/ XX J. JL_^ li J. O 




A Joint Stock Corporation, L. W. Bacon .... 


The Church and Home Missions, Rcbert H. Williams 


Foreign Missions at Home, Joel S. Ives ...... 


Our Foreign Population — The Hopeful Side, Henry H. Hamilton 


Wanted, Men ! Ernest Bourner Allen ....... 


Horse Sense Missionary Pastors, Gregory J. Powell 


Purify the Springs, John M. Gre:ne ....... 


A Test of Authority, T. Calvin McClelLnd 


Through Self Support to Service, Henry E. Thayer. .... 




The Treasury — Timely Themes — Branch Churches — Dr. Hillis' Sermon — Mrs. John 

G. Fraser. 



A GREAT DAY AT GUANAJAY, CUBA, Rev. C. W. Frazer .... 


OUR COUNTRY'S YOUNG PEOPLE, Conducted by Don 0. Shelton . . . 


A United Young People's Work — A Personal Obligation 


The Value of a Strong Missionary Purpose, Harry Wade Hicks 


The Young People's Missionary Committee and Meeting, Ernest Bourner Allen 


The Ycung Man in a Mining Camp, H. G. Miller . . . 


Suggestion and Comment ..... 


Fresh Thoughts from New Literature 




GLEANINGS . . . . . 




Is It Coming, Mrs. Robert Mackinnon . 


Woman's Way, Mrs. James L. Hill 


Summer Outings tnd Home Missions, Mrs. J. 

G. Fraser 


Missionary Studies, Mrs. Grace W. Choate 


Topics of Study for the Year 





Congregational Home Missionary Society 

Cyrus Northrop, LL.D., President 
Joseph B. Clark, D.D, Washington Choate, D.D. 

Editorial Secretary Correspc7iding Secretary 

Don O. Shelton, Associate Secretary 
William B. Howland, Treasurer 

Executive Commit te 

Edwin H. Baker, Chairman Charles L. Beckwith Recording Secretary 

Rev, John Dk Feu Edward N. Packard, D.D. Frank L. Goodspeed.D.D. 

Watson L. Phillips, D.D. N McGhe Waters. D.D. Sylvester B. Carter 

Edward P. Lyon Rev. William H. Holm an George W. Hebard 

Thomas C. MacMillan Willum H. Wanamaker C. C. West 

S. P. Cadm\n, D D. 
LEGACIES.— The following form may he used in making legacies : 

I bequeath to my executors the sum of doliars, in trust, to pay over the same in 

months after mv decease, to anv person who, when the same is payable, shall act as 

Treasurer of the Congregational Home Missionary Society, formed in the City of New York, in the 

year eighteen hundred and tvventy-tix, to be applied to the charitable use and purposes of said 

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An inspiring view of God's providential guidance in shaping our 
country's development, and preparing us for our destiny, concerning 
which, I believe, the half has not been told or dreamt as yet. — Dr. 
James S. Dennis, author "Christian Missions and Social Progress." 

The Minute-Man on the Frontier 

By W. G. PUDDEFOOT Price $1.25 

Dr. Puddefoot's "The Minute-Man on the Frontier" is well 
known to be the most fascinating Home Mission book ever written. — 
Amos R. Wells, Managing Editor " Christian Endeavor World." 

Price, $1.25 

Apostle of the North By 

r>y Canoe and Dog I rain young 

J . C? Price, $1.; 


On the Indian Trail By EG ^r^J 0UNG 

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ROM all sections of the 
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SIONARY continue to come. 

^y* ^y* ^y% ^y* 

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And then it will be raised. 

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We read The Home Missionary from cover to cover and pray for God's ^ 

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were more interested in missions. I hope The Home Missionary will have a large -^ 

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287 Fourth Avenue rooms soi to sio New York City 

cannot do much. I can cut and sew patchwork. Since last fall have made tops ^ 
of five quilts for our Sewing Circle to finish and they have been sent in barrels with ^ 

I wish I could do more. I am a poor shut-in, ninety-three years old, and % 

other clothing to our Home Missionaries in the West. I wish our young people ^ 

were more interested in missions. I hope The Home Missionary will have a large -^ 

circulation. ^ 

Another aged friend, seventy-eight years old, sends two new subscriptions, and adds : ^ 

The Home Missionary is very fine in its new dress, extensive information ^ 
and entertaining news. I enjoy it much, and hope to be able to read it as long as |s 
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years' subscription to The Home Missionary: 

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One of the most efficient workers in the Congregational Woman's Home Missionary s 

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I have come to look upon The Home Missionary asa friend, whose visits are ^ 

only too infrequent. It is especially welcome because of its bringing so much that is ^ 
interesting and helpful in the line of work for young people, in which I am enlisted. 

A well-known Connecticut business man, enclosing $7.00 for subscriptions, ^ 

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both in its artistic binding and typography and in its literature. No other k 

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for it the largest success in its benign mission. ^ 

We trust that all readers may find it convenient to carry out the suggestion of this §; 

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Dr. Josiah Strong, says:— "The best 
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compass without confusing details was an 
extremely difficult task, but one which Dr. 
Clark has accomplished with admirable 
judgment and exce'lent sense of propor- 
tion. The book is comprehensive, clear, 
informing, inspiring ; and should be read 
by all who would be intelligent concerning 
the making of the nation." 

Mr. Delavan L. Pierson, Managing Ed- 
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writes: — "The most valuable book on 
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Dr. Clark's ' Leavening the Nation.' It is 
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An Illustrated Magazine 
of Travel and Education 


Its scope and character are indicated by the following 
titles of articles that have appeared in recent issues : 

Picturesque Venezuela— Illustrated . . Frederick A. Ober 
Haunts of Eben Holdeu— Illustrated . . Pel B. salmon 
A Journey Among the Stars— Illustrated Frank W. Mack 
In the Great North Wo jds— Poem . . . Eben E. Rexford 
Beautiful Porto Rico— Illustrated . . Hezekiah Butterworth 
In Rip Van Winkle's Land— Poem . . . .Minna Irving 
Nature's Chronometer— Illustrated . . H. M. Albaugh 
Van Arsdale, The Platitudinarian— Illus.Charles liattell Loomis 
The Three Oregons— Illustrated .... Alfred Holman 
Ancient Prophecies Fulfilled— Illustrated George H. Daniels 
The Stories the Totems Tell -Illustrated. Luther L. Holden 
A Little Country Cousin— Illustrated 
The Mazamas-illustrated . . . , 
When Mother Goes Away— Poem . 
A Little Bit of Holland— Illustrated 
The Romance of Reality— Illustrated 
Samoa and Tutuila — Illustrated. . 
Under Mexican skies— Illustrated . 
Niagara in Winter— Illustrated . . 
Little Histories— Illustrated 

Old Fort Putnam William J. Lampton 

The Confederate White House . . . Herbert Brooks 
The Alamo John K. Le Baron 


Can be had of newsdealers, or by addressing 


Room No. 66 7 East 42d Street, New York 

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vol. lxxvii SEPTEMBER, 1903 

No. 6 



A Joint Stock Corporation 

From a Home Missionary Sermon 

I HAVE grown into the habit of 
thinking and speaking of the 
sixty-seventh Psalm as the home 
missionary Psalm, in which we seek 
the highest and holiest blessings on 
our country, not for our own pre- 
eminence, but for the blessing of the 
whole world of mankind. This is the 
one thing that can ennoble patriotism, 
converting it from a selfish swagger, 
like that of Nebuchadnezzar, boast- 
ing: "Is not this great Babylon that 
I have built?" to a magnanimous 
self-consecration to the service of 
God and man. We tire of this eter- 
nal brag and bluster about our in- 
vincible arms, our vast domain, our 
industrial prowess, our commercial 
supremacy, and we look back with 
reverence to the dignity of our 
fathers in their feebleness, who 
counted it all joy if with their dead 
bodies they might make a bridge 
over which others might march for 
the advancement of the kingdom of 
righteousness and peace. There was 
a pride of patriotism that was worth 
the having, like the glory of those 
persecuted Christians, to whom the 
epistle of Peter was written, an elect 

race, a royal priesthood, a holy na- 
tion, a people for God's own pos- 
session — why? for this, "that ye 
may show forth the excellencies of 
Him who called you out of dark- 
ness into His marvelous light." 

I can well understand the feeling; 
with which our own little church, in. 
its fewness and poverty, may stand, 
confronting the stupendous ques- 
tions, "How can this nation be so- 
brought into subjection to the reign 
of God as to be fitted to be God's 
chosen instrument, to make known 
His glad tidings to all nations?" 
What can Assonet do towards ac- 
complishing this immense task? So 
did not your fathers feel a hundred 
years ago, when the potential wealth 
that for ages had lain stored in the 
Watuppa Pond, was suddenly re- 
vealed to them. They did not stand 
despairing and asking what can we 
do towards the immense work of 
building and equipment that is to 
create at our doors one of the great 
cities of the continent? They in- 
voked the principle of association in 
corporations, and out of little sav- 
ings-bank deposits, and out of many 
a little hoard tied up in a stocking 
foot, came, a few at a time, from 
one and another and another, the 



hard-earned dollars that built Fall 
River. It was the statute of limited 
liability corporations, itself a New 
England invention, that created in- 
dustrial New England. And now 
we have the same principle applied 
to the work of the church. This re- 
deeming of our continent from ma- 
terialism and atheism and super- 
stition, what could little Assonet do 
toward that immense task? Little 
enough alone, but we have our joint 
stock corporation for this work, 
drawing on the faith and prayer and 
self-denial of 10,000 faithful ones, 
the sums in driblets, which, put 
together, have made the wilderness 
to bud and blossom like the rose. 
And you and I, each one of us and 
this church as a whole, must own 
some stock in this investment. We 
must not live for ourselves. The 
church that lives for itself will die 
and ought to die. 





The Church and Home Missions 

The time has come when the 
Church of Christ does not have to 
go out of the country to find a for- 
eign and heathen population. The 
heathen are at our doors, can be said 
by people in all parts of our land. 
Home missions are making demands 
upon us such as they never made in 
the past. It is time for every Chris- 
tian Church in the land to arouse it- 
self for the work to be done. The 
opportunities for religious work are 
found on every side. 

There are large districts in the 
country where not a single church is 
to be seen for many miles and where 
ignorant preachers are found in 
many churches that are accessible to 
the people. 

Then many of our cities are not 
supplied with the ordinances of 

religion as they should be. The 
people of all nationalities are crowd- 
ing into these cities. Six of our 
largest cities contain one-seventh 
of our population. A single house, 
in some instances, can furnish a 
congregation. Then the manner of 
living in many tenements is not con- 
ducive to the advancement of religion 
or morality. 

Foreign countries will send us this 
year 800,000 of their people, and it is 
supposed that they have just com- 
menced to send in large numbers. 
The countries now sending most 
largely are not the countries from 
which we have received large numbers 
in the past. We are unused to these 
people, and they are inaccessible to 
us by reason of their language. Here, 
then, is foreign missionary work on 
home missionary ground. As they 
have come to us it is really home 
missionary work. 

Years ago the wealth in the homes 
of the Christian people of this land 
was estimated at twenty billions. If 
one per cent, of that could be given 
for religious purposes, there would 
be no need of pressing appeals for 
funds. All the money that is needed 
for this great work of home missions 
is in the hands of God's people, and 
looking to God to give his people the 
spirit of liberality, we feel that the 
money will not be wanting. 

But the people are more willing to 
give their money than they are to 
give themselves or their children. 
When we think of churches closed 
for the lack of ministers to fill their 
pulpits, and the small number pre- 
paring for the ministry, we may fear 
that the church will not be able to 
meet the wants of this great work. 

We know that some say the lay- 
men are coming to the front as they 
have not done in the past. We re- 
joice at what the laymen are doing 
in this important work and hope 
that they may be able to do ten-fold 
more, but they cannot take the 
place of the ministry. If God in- 
tended that the ministers should be 



superseded, He would have given 
us some intimation of it. Besides, 
this age demands a ministry, better 
trained, better fitted, than the present 
generation of ministers. 

We have no doubt that thousands 
of laymen would make efficient 
preachers and pastors, but they have 
not the time to attend to this work 
and the world's work, too. The 
ministry is a work of itself, yea, we 
have almost come to believe that the 
work of the preacher is a work, and 
the work of the pastor is another 
work, so that the ministerial force 
needs doubling. 

The work of the church advances 
in proportion to the forces engaged 
in deliberate, devout study and 
prayer for the pulpit. We do the 
work of the church as we do the 
work of the world with a rush, 
almost with breathless haste. 


Foreign Missions at Home 

One need not be very old to re- 
member earnest prayers that the 
"doors might be open" for the 
gospel messenger. Every door is 
now open. Telegraph and telephone, 
railroad and steamboat are almost 
everywhere to speed the gospel's 
progress. More than that, every 
nation that the sun shines upon 
has sent and is sending its repre- 
sentatives to America — and in in- 
creasing numbers to New England 
— making it possible to carry on 
foreign missions at home. 

Nineteen hundred and three marks 
the high tide of immigration — a 
million strong. From seventy-five 
to eighty per cent, of these are from 
Southern Europe, while not less 
than fifty nationalities are repre- 
sented. Twice as many Hebrews 
as are now in Palestine will land in 
New York this year; Italy and 
Austria- Hungary — there are thirteen 
different kinds of Hungarians — will 

send a number equal to half the 
population of Connecticut. Massa- 
chusetts, Connecticut and Rhode 
Island are now more than 62 per 
cent, of foreign parentage. 

Here is the field for Foreign Mis- 
sions at Home. It is more econom- 
ical, more efficient and more im- 
perative than any other form of 
missionary endeavor. It is by no 
means an excuse for neglecting what 
we distinctively call foreign mis- 
sions, but is a bugle call to all lovers 
of New England, to all lovers of 
their country, to all who wait and 
work and pray for the Kingdom of 
God to reach and save the Italian 
and the Pole and the Slav, the Celt, 
the Teuton and the Scandinavian, 
who is "at home" in this common 
country of ours. 

This work is imperative, for unless 
we can reach these newcomers and 
mould them into a Christian civili- 
zation we shall have no New Eng- 
land and no Christian American 
civilization. The balance of power 
is rapidly shifting. Already in Con- 
necticut at least one-sixth of the 
membership of our churches is of 
foreign parentage. The ratio must 
increase. The birth and death rate 
as well as immigration demand it. 
God is answering our prayers faster 
than we had power to understand. 


Our Foreign Population — The 
Hopeful Side 

First, immigration on the whole 
is not to be deprecated. We have a 
very large country. When one State 
like Montana is much larger in area 
than Great Britain, when one State 
like Texas could, if put to the test, 
feed no small portion of the world, 
when the population of the West is 
very small as compared with its 


great area of land and abundant 
resources, surely there is sufficient 
room and assured support for those 
who may come. Certainly there will 
be room, if the native population of 
New England and other sections 
continues to decrease. 

Also, many of the immigrants 
make first-class citizens. This is, of 
course, especially true of the Ger- 
mans, Scandinavians, English and 
Scotch. The Germans are a strong, 
thrifty, intelligent and patriotic peo- 
ple. They give us some of our best 
scholars, teachers and musicians. 
The English and Scotch give us 
some of our most eminent theolo- 
gians and preachers. The Scandi- 
navians are of noble origin. They 
have produced distinguished schol- 
ars and divines, and they readily 
affiliate with the native-born Amer- 
ican and are in hearty sympathy 
with the highest ideals of American 
life. But what of the Italians? 
They certainly are a liberty-loving 
people and are not opposed to the 
genius of our country. They are of 
tough physical fibre and are of great 
use in laying the foundations of any 
material enterprise. They are of 
good mental endowment and are 
naturally patriotic. They have given 
to the world a Savonarola, a Michael 
Angel o, a Raphael and a Garibaldi. 
What of the Hungarians? They are 
an enterprising and liberty-loving 
people. They have given to the 
world a Kossuth. Judging from 
their history, they will prize the 
freedom of our country and be an 
important agent in guarding its 
liberties. How about the Austrians? 
They are, at least, a strong people 
and have the physical and mental 
fibre essential to able and useful 
citizens. How about the Hebrews? 
They are no inferior people. They 
are enterprising and self-supporting. 
They have superior intellectual qual- 
ities, and notwithstanding their many 
persecutions, endure. They are in- 
tensely theistic. Their God was the 
God of Abraham and Isaac and 

Second, it is thought that this 
increased immigration is induced by 
the great prosperity of our country 
at this time. ... Be it so. 
We are fortunate to offer to our 
fellowmen the advantage of material 
prosperity and of our educational 
and Christian institutions. Is not 
the material wealth of our country 
given for such a time as this? To 
what better use could our men of 
wealth put their money than to 
educate and Christianize these thou- 
sands? To what better use could 
the Church give of her means than to 
make Christian citizens of the com- 
ing multitudes? It is fortunate for 
those who come and for those who 
have the money to give. 

Third. We rather need these peo- 
ple from other countries than Great 
Britain, Germany, Norway and Swe- 
den to balance the other races. This 
country is unique in its genius and 
formation. All at first were in- 
vited ; all that have come have been 
built into structure. To make the 
structure complete, we can use others. 
Let them come ; we shall need them 
to complete the noble structure of a 
truly Christian nation. We shall need 
them to equalize wealth, to elevate 
society, extend civilization and Chris- 
tianize their own people. 

Fourth. We can reach these peo- 
ple better than in their own country. 
They are ever at hand among us. 
They have before them the object 
lesson of Christian liberty and Chris- 
tian civilization. They can see our 
Christian institutions and can imme- 
diately enjoy their privileges. They 
breathe the air of freedom. We need 
not go to other lands to find them; 
they have come to us. God has sent 
them here, that with less money and 
effort we may help and in His provi- 
dence save them. 

Finally, the Gospel is the only 
power that will make good citizens 
of them. The question arises in the 
minds of many, how can these people 
of different nationalities, of varied 
views and different forms of wor- 
ship, be so moulded that they will 


become intelligent Christian citizens. 
It is, indeed, a great question. We 
believe, however, the Gospel will do 
it. These people have a religious 
idea and sentiment and this is a 
basis on which to build. It is no 
experiment that the Gospel can 
mould these different types of hu- 
manity according to the true stand- 
ard. It must be applied. The 
churches have the money, the or- 
ganization, the men and women to 
do this. It is an opportune time. 
May all Christians know their op- 
portunity! The Missionary Societies 
should be immediately and greatly 
strengthened by generous contribu- 
tions of money, by earnest and per- 
severing prayer that they may be 
encouraged to greater effort to reach 
the incoming population. 

To!/k~u T\ to CvvvCJLtw. 


Wanted, Men ! 

" Wanted, men ! 
Not systems fit and wise, 
Not faiths with rigid eyes, 
Not power with winning smiles, 
Not wealth in mountain piles, 
Not even the potent pen, 

Wanted, men !" 

The modern advertisement is a 
characteiistic expression of the times. 
It is said that Mr. Gladstone made a 
study of our American civilization 
by clipping and classifying the ad- 
vertisements in our best magazines 
and papers. No advertisement is 
more insistently repeated to-day than 
the one which calls for men! It is a 
sign of the times. Army and navy, 
the professions, special trades, legis- 
lative and civic duties, commerce, 
the civil and diplomatic service make 
continuous and successful appeal. 

In the opportunity opening before 
the Church in the central and ex- 
treme West, no fact is so striking as 
the need for men. When business 
claims and secures the choicest of 
our youth, when long, exacting 

courses of study do not deter men 
from entering upon them in pre- 
paration for life's work, when the 
churches are clamoring for men, the 
best men, trained men, we cannot 
escape asking whether the home to- 
day is furnishing men for the Master's 
ministry as fast as they are needed. 

It is said that four times the 
number of men graduated from our 
seminaries this year could be imme- 
diately placed in needy and im- 
portant fields. We are told that 
there are not one-quarter as many 
young men preparing for the ministry 
as ten years ago. Then of what use 
to multiply churches? How can we 
seize new fields? How can we even 
hold the old lines of advance? How 
can we revivify the decadent country 
or village church? How reach the 
unchurched foreigners thronging to 
our shores? How can we save the 
city? How save America? 

To reply that the preparation de- 
manded consumes too much time, 
that men are afraid of the sacrifices 
the work involves, that money can- 
not be secured to support them, is 
not an adequate answer. Men pre- 
pare for other callings, face their 
dangers, live on low salaries. We 
need to prepare, present and enforce 
the advertisement for men to take 
up the ministry of Christ. It does 
not mean that men cannot serve 
God elsewhere nor that they do not. 
But it means we must not forget to 
furnish leaders. Let us call for 
more men! Ninety-day enlistments 
will not suffice. We must call for 
those, who, like Grant, will stay 
"until the war is over!" Half of 
our churches ought to furnish such 
an environment as will make God's 
special call to service heard by one 
man — or more. Let us preach on 
the claims and opportunity of the 
ministry as a life work. The home 
and church that sends a man will 
send more money. The righteous 
plea for money must not be less 
urgent than the fundamental call 
for men! Never was there a day 
when we ought more earnestly to 



heed our Lord's command: "Pray 
ye therefore the Lord of the harvest, 
that He send forth laborers into His 


Horse Sense Missionary Pastors 

One of our North Dakota mis- 
sionaries has a fast horse. Being 
jokingly remonstrated with for own- 
ing a trotting - bred horse he re- 
plied: "No horse is too fast for me 
to get after the devil with." The 
same missionary spent the leisure of 
one vacation to look up the pedigree 
of the great trotting horses of the 
past fifty years and found nearly all 
of them to be the descendents of the 
great Messenger and English trotting 
sire which was imported many years 
ago. He made use of this dis- 
covery to prove the truth of the 
story of Abraham. If a great trot- 
ting horse can stamp his traits upon 
all the horses of speed in this country, 
surely the "Father of the Faithful" 
might give his marks to a race, and 
in like manner this law of heredity 
works to-day and is a reason for our 
doing the best and most prompt 
missionary work in the new com- 
munities of a State like North 

I was talking with one of our 
young German pastors the other day 
and he told me how he got hold of 
one man. He found him plowing 
and invited him to meeting. "Oh," 
said the farmer, "all you preachers 
want is to live off us and have an 
easy time; you don't know any- 
thing about work." "Let me have 
those lines," said the young preacher 
from a Chicago seminary, and with a 
throw of them over his shoulders 
he took the plough and "broke" a 
full round, leaving the farmer to 
think that one preacher at least 
could sympathize with the man who 
turns over the prairie. "That man 
started coming to my services and 
to-day is a member of my church," 
said our German missionary. 

Five years ago Rev. S. Slater, of 
Hesper, came to North Dakota with 
some friends and took up a "claim " 
and built his sod house. He was a 
school teacher in Minnesota and a 
licentiate of one of our conferences. 
The first winter he taught school 
walking seven miles night and morn- 
ing. He started a Sunday-school, 
which grew into a church with him 
as its first pastor. He served it as 
a licentiate for three years, the rail- 
road built through and established 
two towns eight miles east and 
west of the Hesper church and into 
these Mr. Slater went as pastor. At 
the close of five years he is the or- 
dained and beloved pastor of three 
churches, all of them having meeting 
houses. He proved up on his farm, 
but he proved up in the most effec- 
tual way in the growing up of three 
valuable churches. His Sunday 
work has required a drive of forty 
miles and three services and his hair 
is grayer than it was five years ago, 
but he has much to show for his 
premature whitening of crown. 



Purify the Springs 

There is one phase of the work of 
the Home Missionary Society that 
I have had a chance to observe and 
on which I would like to say a word. 
Our cities get their recruits of Godly 
men and women from the towns. I 
can look back over thirty years in 
Lowell and see how all the churches 
there were furnished with devoted 
Christian men and women, who had 
been trained up in the churches of 
the country towns to be pillars in 
the Lowell churches and Sunday- 
schools; and when they came to 
the city, they were a marked and 
distinct infusion of new life and 

But a great change has taken 
place within the last few years. The 



men who now come into the city 
from the country towns are far less 
inclined to go to church than they 
were twenty or even thirty years ago , 
and they bring far less spiritual help 
and strength to the city church. 
My plea is that the home missionary 
in our New England country towns 
is doubly needed; first to save the 
towns from barbarism; secondly to 
rescue the city churches from weak- 
ness, decline and extinction. 

Foreign missions are good, but 
home missions are a burning neces- 
sity. They will save the nation, 
and nothing else can. This country 
must be leavened with the Gospel 
of Jesus Christ, or it will go the way 
of all other Godless nations. Schools 
will not save us, railroads will not, 
money will not, war will not, but 
the Gospel preached and taught 
will. The home missionary may be 
as much of a patriot as is the soldier. 


A Test of Authority 

The God men will believe in, and 
love, and stand by, is the God they 
need, the God whose pity and power 
is for them in their damage and 
despair. The religion, which will give 
them this God, not as a theology 
or a creed, but as an immediate in- 
spirer of human hands and feet 
ready for service, is the religion 
which will stand accredited. The 
Church which does not bring them 
this God, the Church which does not 
impel its adherents to unceasing 
works of healing and helpfulness, 
will be deserted, driven to the wall. 
When, silent about its external author- 
ities, the Church goes down where 
are the broken hearts and the con- 
genital dislocations of the will, the 
love of Christ pulsing in its heart and 
out through its hand, the Church 
will be certified and men will fasten 
themselves to her as the filings stick 
to the magnet, not because they 
try to stick, but because the steel 

has captured them. "By this shall 
all men know that ye are my dis- 
ciples, if ye have love one to an- 
other." Missionary activity is the 
one note of authority for the Church, 
the one note which the heart of the 
race will hear, and to which it will 
respond. Men will believe almost 
anything the Church brings to them, 
if they see she is in dead earnest to 
be helpful. They will give to her, live 
for her, die for her, if she loves, and 
love means missionary activity. 


Through Self Support to Service 

After forty years of dependence 
upon the National Society, the Con- 
gregationalists in Kansas decided 
that they ought to bear their own 
burdens. Taking eight years to get 
ready, they assumed self-support 
in home missions, April 1, 1900. The 
third year of the new way has just 
closed with a record of enlarged 
work and greatly increased gifts 
from the churches, and of people 
happily awakening to the power and 
opportunity which are theirs. Judg- 
ing from the enthusiasm of the 
brethren in the annual meeting of 
the Kansas Home Missionary So- 
ciety that was recently held in 
Salina, one could say that in this 
State the sentiment has taken to 
heart the Scripture, "He that careth 
not for his own is worse than he that 
denieth the faith." We are caring 
for our own, and making ready for 
further enlargement, and as we be- 
come more conscious of our power 
we shall be able and glad to aid in 
the service outside of our borders. 
Kansas Congregational ists are sure 
they are aboard the through train 
on the main line. 

^fy-C4jL4^f & . l^&CLyi 



The Treasury 

THE summer months bring the 
usual drought in receipts, 
driving the Committee to the 
banks for temporary loans wherewith 
to pay the missionary. Shall these 
temporary loans become more or less 
permanent debts? This is for the 
churches to consider and to prevent 
by early and continuous remembrance 
of the Society's needs in the coming 
autumn. Especially it should be re- 
membered that along the battle line 
there are no furloughs. However re- 
ceipts may vary from one season to 
another, expenses are uniform at all 
seasons and men must be paid for 
services rendered. These conditions 
are sometimes apparently forgotten 
by the churches; distress and debt 
follow. We solicit, therefore, an 
early and aggressive fall campaign 
for increased missionary contribu- 
tions. The Committee is greatly 
heartened by the loyal devotion of so 
many churches to the great work of 
American evangelization. By recent 
careful inquiries it is discovered that 
of the nearly 6,000 Congregational 
churches of the United States, more 
than 4,000 are regular givers to the 
Home Missionary Society, either State 
or National, and have a fixed Sabbath 
or series of Sabbaths for making their 
annual offering to its treasury. We 
are not without hope that the Congre- 
gational body will one day present a 
united front in the support of their 
Home Missionary Society without the 
absence of a single church, large or 

Timely Themes 

Readers of the current number of 
The Home Missionary will find 
abundant food for thought. Three 

contributing friends from different 
States, without concert of action, 
have chosen the same theme — for- 
eign immigration. At first thought 
this seemed like a superfluity of mat- 
ter of one sort, but on further reflec- 
tion, room has been found for them 
all as indicating a wide-spread inter- 
est among the churches in one vital 
home missionary problem. While 
each of these writers foresees and de- 
plores the peril, all of them are hope- 
ful and optimistic as to the proper 
treatment of the present alarming 
conditions. The Gospel is the only 

The possibility of converting every 
kind of a foreigner into a loyal and 
Christian American citizen, is no 
longer an open question. The testi- 
mony of all missionary organiza- 
tions runs to the same effect : it has 
been done ; it can be done ; it is 
being done. The potentiality of 
this foreign work is not half ap- 
preciated. The conversion of a sin- 
gle Hungarian or Slav, or German 
to Christian life and Christian ideals, 
means vastly more in its influence 
than the similar transformation of a 
native American citizen. This con- 
verted foreigner is a shining excep- 
tion and by the singular weight of his 
testimony and example he becomes 
a missionary of peculiar power among 
his own people. It follows, there- 
fore, that every dollar contributed by 
the churches to this form of mission- 
ary endeavor is a preferred dollar, 
promising a double and compound 
interest upon the investment. Let 
us not indulge too much in our fears ! 
No kind of home missions to-day is 
so bright with promise, so fruitful 
already and so absolutely imperative 
as the evangelizing of our foreign 



Another feature of - the present 
number is the prominence given to 
the South. No intelligent reader of 
the daily press needs to be informed 
that Southern problems are the cru- 
cial issues of the day. The home 
missionary anniversary at Providence 
was not laid out to be a Southern 
meeting, yet it took that form almost 
from the start. Whatever the as- 
signed theme of the speaker, it 
seemed to lead him irresistibly toward 
the South; not to the black South 
alone, but chiefly, it may be said, to 
the white South. The conviction has 
rapidly developed that the race 
problem, whatever help it may re- 
ceive in its solution from the North- 
ern States, will be finally settled, if 
settled aright, by the public opinion 
of the white South. This growing 
belief throws Southern home mis-' 
sions, among both blacks and whites, 
into bold relief. What are we doing 
and what is to be done through the 
Church and by the Gospel towards 
erecting a Christian public sentiment 
in the Southern belt that shall deal 
with that threatening problem in a 
wise and Christian way? 

Florida is not a typical Southern 
State. It is rather a Northern and 
Western oasis, but by its location it 
is destined to influence powerfully 
Southern sentiment. The' glowing 
story of Superintendent Gale will 
give new reason for courage to those 
who believe in Southern home mis- 
sions. Under the head of "Glean- 
ings," Superintendent Jenkins, of 
Georgia, tells of conversions and 
large additions to the white churches 
of that State which would make glad 
the strongest churches of the North. 
All through the country districts the 
people are craving a more intelligent 
ministry and a clearer message of 
the truth; pastors are hastening to 
meet the demand and schools of 
academic and theological training are 
now open with scores of applicants 
who less than ten years ago had no 
use for an education. These are 
signs of a hopeful ferment; they are 

the prophecy of the new South, both 
educational and religious. They are 
to a large extent the fruit of faithful 
home missionary culture and what 
has been so well begun is to be carried 
to a glorious end by the faithful and 
continuous use of the same means. 

Branch Churches 

To the Editor of The Home Missionary: 
Will you kindly give us some of your 
wisdom on the question of the Branch 
Chureh? Workers in Home Mission terri- 
tories, and what part of the United States 
is not Home Mission territory, want light 
on this side of the problem of church- 
ing the country. Here is a typical case. 
Preaching services have been carried on 
for a number of years in a school house. 
It is eight miles from the pastor's regular 
station, and the only English service in 
the county. The attendance sometimes 
reaches fifty, but there is not a man who 
could be counted on to lead in praj^er, or 
even in conducting business. So a sepa- 
rate church organization seems impossible 
at present. But it is not right for these 
people to live and die without the ordi- 
nances of the Church. The Gospel loses a 
good deal of its power when there is no 
church into whose fellowship to invite 
converted men. How can a branch of the 
church, eight miles away, be organized and 
managed? I believe that our Congrega- 
tional polity can solve and probably in 
many cases has solved this problem. Will 
you kindly give us a detailed answer to 
this question in an editorial, as you have 
already answered the question of comity. 

E. L. H. 

An interesting question to which 
we would be glad to give a detailed 
answer, had we more details. It may 
be assumed, however, that the num- 
ber ready for organization is very 
small. Few though they are, why 
should they not organize? Union is 
strength. Under our Congregational 
system, the church is a body of be- 
lievers, large or small, associated to- 
gether for worship and covenanting 
to live in the peace and order of the 
Gospel. Nothing could be simpler 
and nothing would more surely at- 
tract other believers than such an 
organization. How to pray and how 
to manage business would come by 
practice, while recognition by council 
might wait upon growth. 

: 9 4 


As to Church ordinances, truly they 
are, as intimated in the letter, the 
life of the believer's life and indis- 
pensable to spiritual growth. We 
notice by reference to the Year Book 
that the membership of the church 
of which the writer is pastor, ap- 
proaches 200. Here would seem to be a 
rare opportunity for an act of church 
fellowship, which would be strength- 
ening both to the mother church 
and to the young child. Eight miles 
is not above a Sabbath day's journey, 
for a goodly number of the main 
church to visit its ward and hold com- 
munion together, say four times a 
year. Unless the conditions are be- 
set with difficulties of which we have 
no knowledge, we should dare predict 
that under this system of watch-care 
and fellowship the little school house 
would soon be too small for the or- 
ganization, and another church, hav- 
ing root in itself, would be added to 
the household of our Congregational 

A ministerial friend who has had 
large experience in the promotion of 
churches adds to the above general 
treatment the following more specific 

"I am quite sure," he says, 
"and that from experience, that the 
' Branch ' plan is the thing. This 
would mean, first, that the Christians 
of the neighborhood be received to 
the membership of the town church, 
and then formally constituted as a 
branch under the care of a committee, 
most of whom should be from the 
neighborhood ; and secondly, that the 
constitution of the branch should pro- 
vide for the nomination of this com- 
mittee by the branch and its con- 
firmation by the whole church ; should 
limit the voting participation of the 
members of the branch in the meet- 
ings of the whole church, and should 
fix the measure in which the branch 
should bear its expenses. Thirdly, 
that in the practical working, the 
committee would arrange for services 
at the branch conducted by members 
of the town church, sending them out 
two by two on Sunday afternoons." 

Our friend adds, "Many of our 
churches are suffering now because 
they have neglected the country dis- 
tricts within eight or ten miles. 
From these, as people grow well-to- 
do, they move into the town, and if 
they have been previously looked 
after, add strength to the church. 
If they have been neglected, they 
join the ranks of the people who have 
no use for the church." 

Dr. Hillis' Sermon 

Numerous requests have been re- 
ceived for copies of the eloquent ser- 
mon preached by Dr. Hillis, of Brook- 
lyn, at the Providence Anniversary. 
We regret our inability to respond to 
these requests at once. The manu- 
script is still in the hands of the 
preacher for his corrections, though 
we have hope before another issue of 
the magazine to have printed copies 
ready for distribution. 

Mrs. John G. Fraser. 

Our readers will turn with saddened 
interest to the contribution of Mrs. 
Fraser found in " Women's Part " of 
this number. It was prepared for the 
August Home Missionary, but the 
report of the annual meeting deferred 
its publication. While it may seem 
to come too late for the present vaca- 
tion season, it will be remembered as 
the final message of a devoted home 
missionary worker, to her sisters in 
every part of the land. No one was 
more faithful to the spirit of this 
message than the writer herself. In 
season and out of season, at home or 
on vacation, her meat and drink was 
to promote home missions, and her 
faith in the power of the Gospel as a 
remedial agency in national evangel- 
ization was supreme. Her active life 
closed amid great suffering at her 
home in Cleveland, July 1 7 . She rests 
from her labors and her works do 
follow her. 






NOT only is the Flowery State 
budding and blooming with 
promise, but her fruitage, in 
very substantial senses, is a present 
reality. To-day is hardly to be under- 
stood without some comparisons with 
yesterday, or the existing Florida with- 
out regard to the Florida of the past. 
The new rests conspicuously upon the 
background of the old and fading. 
However, in the limits of these notes 
little more than allusions can be made 
even to that which is now passing in 
the panorama of this new-old State. 

The twentieth century interpreta- 
tion of the geographical meaning of 
Florida is found in the new civil and 
commercial relations southward and 
westward. The United States is 
changing front by the left flank ; such 
are developments southward across 
the straits and toward the sunset 
across the isthmus. What if Sandy 
Hook had been elongated four hun- 
dred miles in an easterly direction? 

Within her borders is now prosper- 
ity, slowly coming and much delayed. 
The creed of yesterday that Florida 
"makes" two crops in the year, 

"sweet potatoes in the summer and 
sick Yankees in the winter," is to- 
day's heresy and libel. The reserve 
of hard pine forests is in Florida. So 
great are the naval stores and lumber 
interests that this reserve is fast dis- 
appearing, giving place to homes and 
plantations for settlers and to im- 
mense fruit orchards and still more 
immense stock ranges in which the 
syndicates are investing. So popula- 
tion is rapidly increasing. The State 
gained one congressman under the 
last census in spite of her various dis- 
asters, while many States lost by the 
apportionment . 

Educationally the present and re- 
cent advance has been phenomenal. 
Under the present Superintendent of 
Public Instruction, serving his third 
term of four years, the public school 
system has been revolutionized to the 
immense gain of the public and the 
system. Our Rollins College, now on 
a sound financial basis and under the 
wise and able administration of Pres- 
ident W. F. Blackman, D.D., who has 
made his first year's record one of 
splendid success, is moving by bounds 



















REV. J. P. Hon 





into its ample and more beneficent 
future. Approved by Dr. D. K. 
Pearsons, of Chicago, who has made 
a thorough study of the institution, 
its field and its future, and has by his 
own magnificent offer spurred the 
management to the brave and lauda- 
ble effort of raising immediately funds 
to the amount of $250,000, and sub- 
stantially approved also by her hosts 
of friends, old and new, Rollins will 
surely honor the bright galaxy of 
which she is one of the younger mem- 

And, withal, West Florida, with her 
thirty-one Congregational churches, 

old regime," the Home Missionary 
Society has had but few calls and has 
answered none. The Conference of 
the Lower East Coast has but recently 
been organized. Florida believes in 
fellowship and associationalism and 
shows the organic life and compact 
unity of the churches, according to 
opportunity or necessity, as well as 
any Congregational State in the 
Union. In all the Southeast, where 
once the looser theory of the "more 
perfect union" of the States pre- 
vailed, the Congregation ?1 churches 
now show the compactest possible 
organic fellowship or communion 


which have a large influence through- 
out that extended region which is be- 
ing rapidly settled and is in excep- 
tional need of an academy of the 
Congregational standard, is all astir 
in the purpose of establishing such 
an institution. The aid of the Edu- 
cation Society will be needed in the 
near future. 

All sections of the State where Con- 
gregational churches have been 
planted are covered thoroughly by 
the local organizations (conferences) 
and by the State Association. In the 
limited section known formerly as 
Middle Florida and settled under "the 

compatible with the principle of 
local autonomy . The "rope of sand " 
could tie nothing in "Dixie." 

But after all the word to be said of 
Florida Congregationalism — which is 
but a name for the Congregational 
Home Missionary Society's achieve- 
ment in the southernmost State dur- 
ing recent years — is that it is an or- 
ganism; that its distinction stands^in 
its aggregate personality. It stands 
in the character of the Florida men 
and women. By just and undisputed 
pre-eminence it stands in the high 
character of the Florida missionaries. 
Thev and their work do not shrink 




from acquaintance and may be 
counted on to "pass muster." When 
their record is written it will memo- 
rialize as true and faithful a band as 
has been gathered in any State. 

Individual mention must not be 
deemed invidious. 

Edward Payson Hooker, D.D., 
whom Providence 
and the physi- 
cians united with 
the Home Mis- 
sionary Society to 
send as the first 
missionary wel- 
comed to the 
State by the Su- 
perintendent, is 
surely facile pri- 
mus of all whose 
names are in the 
Florida cata- 
logue. Till arrest- 
ed by disease he 
gave of his best 

he gave himself to his 
work, to him so joyous of 
"foundation laying," as he 
was wont to call it. It is 
still a good description of 
the Florida work. Our 
"seer" he was, and in his 
clear vision rose the most 
precious things which are, 
some of them at least, still 
in the process of material- 
ization. Rollins College, 
under his leadership, seem- 
ed to be called forth as by 
magic. The trio of trained 
and experienced associates 
in the faculty, Barrows, 
Austin, Ford, themselves 
also missionary pioneers, 
two of them (like Dr. 
Hooker as it may be said) 
have paid to Florida "the 
last full measure of devo- 
tion," while Professor Ford 
has been loaned to aid in 
collegiate foundation lay- 
ing in Georgia, with some 
others, some of whom re- 
main, have surely builded 
so well that only the 
future can judge of their achievements. 
Rev. Charles M. Bingham's Day- 
tona pastorate covers the period of 
the Society's? modern work ("since 
the war") and for the space of three 
years he was the only Congregational 
pastor of a Congregational church in 
Florida; hence known as "the lone 




hero of the Halifax," but now as 
"Captain of the Old Guard," which 
is not a large corps. 

What with the demands of many 
of the churches, the attraction of the 
warm equable climate and the oppor- 
tunities for good hard work and for 
sufficient self-sacrifice, the pulpit an- 
nals present a long list of able preach- 
ers as well as devoted pastors. 

Notable it is that not a few of those 
who have received license and ordina- 
tion in Florida have been called away 
to larger work in many of the States 
from Maine to California and from 
Cuba to the Philippine Islands. The 
faces lost to view for a little and 
those of the large number of the living 
builders in Florida not presented to 
the reader, may well be suggested by 
the representative group on another 

Professor E. L. Richardson, a life- 
long educator and devoted church- 
man, with distinction serving his 
third term as moderator of the State 
Association, Rev. Mason Noble, now 
and for many years the scribe and to 
the Congregational manor born; Rev. 
F. W. Weatherwax, strenuous, coast- 
wiser of the Lower East Coast, a wel- 
come gift from western Presbyterian- 

ism; Rev. Paul G. Woodruff, general 
missionary and evangelist, education 
reformer and promoter in West Flor- 
ida, one of the notable trio of the 
first ordination beyond the Appa- 
lachicola River; Rev. B. F. Marsh, 
eloquent preacher, educator, lecturer, 
moving spirit of the South Florida 
Chautauqua; Rev. Messrs. J. P. Hoyt, 
E. H. Byrons, S. G. Merrick, repre- 
sentative newer men, a New England 
contingent; Hoyt, heralded on the 
high-piled sands of St. Petersburg, 
overlooking old Tampa Bay on the 
west; Byrons at old New Smyrna, 
mossy , legendary and yet wide awake 
New Smyrna, by the sea on the east 
proving himself a master builder 
there, in improving the church and 
securing a beautiful parsonage and 
far away cocoanut grove; Merrick, 
with rare pastoral gift to the south- 
ernmost church on the coral verge, 

" Where His islands lift 
There fronded palms in air." 

these and their very worthy fellows 
are the markers of Congregational 

In scores of modest comely towers, 
midst palmettoes and moss-covered 
live oaks, in the pinev woods, amongst 
the orange groves, in the thronging 



city, from Spanish Key round to 
French Bayou, the Society rings out 
the message-call to worship. Several 
new churches are now ready for dedi- 
cation and others are under construc- 
tion and a number of congregations 
poorly housed and crowded out will 
soon arise and build. The fifth year 
reports in the " Year Book " show that 
Florida, despite reverses, has accu- 
mulated a goodly ecclesiastical prop- 
erty and is still augmenting it at a 
commendable rate. 

The beautiful plot and plant of the 
South Florida Chautauqua amidst the 
most charming scenery of lake and 
forest and groves and villas at Mt. 
Dora, in the heart of the peninsula, is 
the property of the Florida Associa- 
tion. This is a means of great good 
and gives large promise. Not the 
least of its benefits is the happy fel- 
lowship of denominations that here 
rules under Congregational initiation. 
One feature of the Society's work in 
Florida is its power to recuperate 
from disaster. Of this there are 
marked instances in a score of cases. 
Particularly the churches located in 
the midst of the orange industry ; 
many of these which, under the two 
great disasters by frost, might rea- 
sonably be expected to go out of bus- 
iness, have not intermitted the pas- 

toral service. Much reduced every 
way quite a number, undiscouraged, 
have not allowed their gifts for pas- 
toral support to be lessened and some 
even increased their revenue; a few 
others have allowed the pastoral serv- 
ice to be shortened to a six or eight 
months' season; a very few decided 
for a while to " shirk for themselves," 
not raising definite revenue or ask- 
ing aid, though not wholly with- 
out preaching services and generally 
maintaining the Sunday-school or the 
Christian Endeavor, or both. Re- 
cently some cases of this kind have 
resumed regular and year-round pas- 
toral service : it is almost the miracle 
of a resurrection. There are many 
such indications and proofs of Flor- 
ida's persistence and resiliency, and 
so the land of flowers is not only a 
land of hope and promise, but also of 
pleasant fruits. 

The pride, the joy, the hope of edu- 
cational Florida is Rollins College at 
Winter Park, distinctly the beginning 
in this old State of strictly collegiate 
work and a child of the Congrega- 
tional Home Missionary Society. The 
country must and will hear more of 
this splendid institution. Instead of 
a brief paragraph it deserves a whole 
chapter. The handful of men and 
women who kneeled together at 



Orange City and pledged themselves 
in prayer to plant, with God's bless- 
ing, a Christian college in the heart 
of the Flowery State, set in motion an 
educational influence which has stead- 
ily grown with the growing years and 
was never so large with promise and 
hope as it is to-day. Every year 
has added to its security and strength. 
Its brighter days are now dawning. 
Never was a child of higher Christian 
education more worthy of kind and 
generous remembrance, by the friends 
of young men and young women. 

A Great Day at Guanajay, Cuba 

By Rev. C. W. Frazer. 

THE young church of "La San 
Tisima Trinidad" salutes the 
readers of The Home Mis- 
sionary. We organized July ist 
with twenty members. Their ages 
range from eight years to sixty- four 
years, most of them being adults. 
Rev. Mr. Todd, of Havana, and his 
wife were present assisting in the 
organization and we closed the serv- 
ice with our first communion using 
our individual cups. One could not 
ask for a more solemn or more orderly 
service. It had been nearly two 
years since my wife and I communed 
and we had to establish the Lord's 
table before we could partake of the 
emblems. Mrs. Todd remarked on 
the type of clear, clean, earnest 
faces she saw among those who stood 
up to declare themselves an organ- 
ized church. We have no negroes 
yet. Our faces almost smart with 
pain as we read of the lynchings in 
the United States. The papers here 
say "there is Protestantism for you! " 
What can we say? At the organiza- 

tion I mentioned and deplored the 
lynchings, but I was glad to represent 
a body of believers active in the bet- 
terment of the negro by church and 

We have at least three more wait- 
ing to join us at our next communion. 
There is every evidence of interest in 
the new church. The editor of our 
town paper was present by invitation 
and he will publish a column setting 
forth our tenets. He says he means 
henceforth to attend our service on 
Sunday evening. This is all the 
more interesting as he is the man 
who went to jail for applauding Presi- 
dent McKinley's death twenty-two 
months ago. 

I can never forget the strange, 
noisy, hard way we have come. 
Now twenty of us have a Lord's 
table in the midst. A few more of 
our Sunday-school proposed to join 
us, but when they found that they 
could not carry candles in procession, 
they went back. Our faithful Cath- 
olic father of nine orphans, who never 
fails to attend our services, was pres- 
ent at the organization and seemed 
overjoyed with the order and beauty 
of our service. I met, yesterday, the 
new priest for the first time. Frankly, 
I told him all about our organization, 
our faith and all and he seemed to 
be very cordial. The men watching 
our conversation seemed pleased to 
see us together. Nothing can be 
worse than standing aloof, whatever 
our faith. Well, I am last in 
organizing, yet not least. I have 
done the best I could with a place 
where few could succeed. The "worth 
of man" is the great fact that keeps 
me afloat among these erring, sin- 
stained children of the tropics. 


SECRETARY # j* <* jt 

'T^HE measure of the practical interest young people will 
take in missions depends upon the purity, the vigor of 
their motive. There is wanted the same high motive which 
led to heroic action the Pilgrim Fathers; which impelled the 
stttrdy home mission preachers of pioneer days; which fired 
the hearts of men of whom Charles G. Finney, Lyman Beecher, 
Horace Bushnell and Dwight L. Moody are types. In these 
men, and in a host of other zealous servants of our Lord whose 
names are glorious, there was , that devotion to the will of Christ 
which insured movement, heroic utterance and unresting effort 
to bring men into union with Christ. 


EXECUTIVE officers of the six 
Congregational Missionary So- 
cieties, at a recent meeting 
held at the office of the Congre- 
gational Home Missionary Society 
in New York, considered a plan for 
united effort for the developing of 
the interest of Congregational young 
people in missions. The Executive 
Committees of each of the five Home 
Societies have since acted unani- 
mously and heartily in favor of the 
plan, and it will be put into opera- 
tion as soon as the Prudential Com- 
mittee of the American Board takes 
favorable action. 
By the adoption of this plan all 
the Congregational Missionary So- 
cieties will unite in a systematic effort 
to increase the interest of young 
people in the organized missionary 
enterprises of the Congregational 
churches. The movement will have 
for its purpose the acquainting of 
young people with the activities, 
opportunities and needs of each of 

the Congregational Missionary So- 
cieties and the bringing of them into 
a closer practical relation to effort 
for the advancement of the Kingdom 
of God. 

This united effort is to be planned 
and directed by a committee com- 
posed of one representative of each 
of the six Congregational Missionary 
Societies. The wisdom of devoting 
the energy of the Committee to the 
prompt accomplishment of at least 
two important objects has already 
been agreed upon. 

i. Conferences for young people 
will be held at important centers for 
the purpose of leading young people's 
Missionary Committees to adopt the 
most approved methods for carry- 
ing on their work and for the purpose 
of inciting young people in local 
churches to energetic, systematic 
effort for the increase of missionary ■ 


2. It is proposed, also, that this 
committee shall issue a young peo- 
ple's literature on the work of the 

2 04 


various societies ; on the best methods 
for the organization of Missionary 
Committees; and on the deepening 
of the spiritual life. 

By the organization of this im- 
portant work on this basis the young 
people of the Congregational churches 
will become acquainted with the 
best methods for creating and main- 
taining missionary interest ; the 
young people's mission literature of 
the denomination will be unified; 
duplication of appeal for financial 
or other aid will be avoided; the 
expense of administration will be 
minimized ; and Congregational young 
people will be given clear and broad 
views of the activities and needs of 
each of the societies. It is believed 
that the plan will commend itself 
most heartily to pastors and all 
Christian workers in the denomina- 
tion . 


The obligation to take the Gospel 
to all men is a personal one. It is 
the high privilege of ever}- Christian 
young man and woman to be a wit- 
ness-bearer. One of the best proofs 
of the genuineness of a profession of 
faith in Christ is whole-hearted ac- 
tivity for the salvation of the world. 

The purpose of all who cannot go 
in person to declare Christ, should 
be to help others to go. The maxim 
of Francis Wayland should therefore 
be written large on the heart of every 
Christian: "Every disciple should 
be a discipler." 

Every Christian may be a mis- 
sionary. The divine command is 

that we pray the Lord of the harvest 
to thrust forth laborers into His 
harvest. For all the work we can 
do, and in behalf of all the work we 
ourselves cannot do, it is our privilege 
to pray. The intercessory pravers 
of David Brainerd, the faithful mis- 
sionary to the North American In- 
dians, show the power of prayer for 
the salvation of the race. A deep 
desire for the triumph of the word 
of Christ in all lives will constrain us 
to use to the utmost the priceless 
gift of believing prayer. 


Witness may also be borne to 
Christ by an intelligent and a gener- 
ous use of money. The command 
to preach the Gospel to all men im- 
plies that we are under obligation 
to enable others to declare the 
Gospel at home and abroad, if we 
cannot individually devote all our 
time to the task. By our prayers 
and gifts we must sustain and help 
to increase the number of our Home 
and Foreign missionaries. As we 
have a right to expect them to obey 
the voice of the Word and the 
Spirit of God, so they have an equal 
right to expect those who remain at 
home to be true to their obligation. 

The Church of Christ now has com- 
plete facilities for the doing of the 
glorious, world-wide work committed 
to it: steam, electricity, the tele- 
graph, the printing-press, colleges, 
seminaries, universities, and in ad- 
dition to these commanding wealth. 
It is within the power of the young 
men and women of the Church to 
make a response to the clear calls of 
God that will immeasurably increase 
the force of mission workers at home 
and abroad. Let us cheerfully meet 
our full obligation for the extension 
of the Master's Kingdom. 

'THE young people of the Congregational churches, living in 
union with the living Christ, His purpose their purpose, 
His programme for the world the one which they strive to carry 
out as He reveals to them their part, will make great and noble 
these new days and help crown Him Lord of all. 



By Harry Wade Hicks 
Assistant Secretary American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions 

DECISION and force of character 
are determined in large meas- 
ure by good motives and cus- 
tomary action based on them. Ever} 
man who amounts to anything has a 
purpose to whose character may be 
traced his < worth and achievement. 
When the purpose is related to a 
good achievement, the person is at 
least in some measure a good person. 
If his purpose is evil, both the 
achievement and himself are rightly 
called evil. A strong missionary 
purpose is not only a good purpose, 
but it is also the best which can 
possibly control a life, for it was the 
purpose of Jesus Christ, and by His 
own decree is ever to be the com- 
manding motive of every disciple of 
His. To possess that purpose is 
therefore a matter of supreme im- 
portance. Its value is shown in part 
by the following statements ex- 
pressing facts of life: 

i. Without it one is simply devoid 
of the character of Christ, while 
possessing it a person exerts not only 
his fullest influence for good, but 
the exact influence which God wishes 
every man to have. The natural 
outlet of love for Christ is kept open 
and at full flow toward all men in the 

2. Such a purpose exercises in- 
creasingly complete control over 
habits of thought and action. Time 
once wasted in laziness is utilized 
in doing good to some one near at 
hand, or is spent in a manner bring- 
ing real, not fictitious, profit to mind 
or soul. Evil imaginations, so hard 
to blot out of the mind, give way 
before thoughts of men and women 
saved from sin by the spotless Christ, 
who gave all His time in helping 
men. The love for questionable and 

unprofitable books, social engage- 
ments, and amusements, frequently 
the barrier preventing whole-souled 
following of Jesus Christ, becomes 
changed to affection for things, cus- 
toms, recreations and people which 
inspire to unselfishness and introduce 
to new worlds of spiritual pleasures. 
Choosing the best rather than only 
the good becomes easy. In other 
words, the life is conformed to the 
real standard of Christ. 

3. The greatest enterprise known 
in the world to-day is not business, 
or banking, or building railroads, 
colleges, cables, airships or expo- 
sitions. These are but the plans or 
creations of men, though mostly 
with good ends in view. No effort 
being put forth by men is com- 
parable to the conquest of the na- 
tions of the earth, our own included, 
to make men and women, every one, 
like Christ, through the power which 
He alone can impart. Whether men 
or individuals approve this con- 
quest or not matters little. The 
authority for its conduct is God. 
Men and nations have opposed the 
leaders of the enterprise from the 
beginning of time. But because God 
has declared it, the Christian Church, 
in proportion to her fidelity, has 
championed missions. Whatever of 
vigor and success she possesses is 
due to her purpose to give to men 
the knowledge of Christ, and build 
them up in Christian character. To 
be a part of this Christian army of 
conquest means to be using life to 
the very utmost. The man con- 
trolled by the missionary spirit suc- 
ceeds no matter how many dollars 
he earns or owns, for success is not 
measured by things possessed but in 
fruits born of love for God and men. 



4. A strong missionary purpose 
keeps one faithful in spiritual ex- 
ercises. The growing consciousness 
that Christ alone can keep from sin, 
or break its power over a man or a 
nation, makes prayer definite, in- 
tense and according to the will of 
God. The stronger the purpose be- 
comes, the more intense is the desire 
to know better the Christ who came 
to save the world from sin. For this 
reason the study of the Bible regu- 
larly and with thoroughness becomes 
a natural accompaniment of mis- 
sionary work. Nor is the value of 
acquaintance with missionaries from 
Paul's time to this to be overlooked 
as a spiritual benefit, whether friend- 
ship is made through a book or in the 
present time through a personal 
meeting. Whatever calls Christ to 
mind frequently is worth possessing, 
for by remembering Him we over- 
come and grow. No purpose in life 
recalls Him more effectively than the 

5. Finally, this purpose is valuable 
because by acting upon it a Christian 
shares with Christ in redeeming 
the world. Time given in a city 
mission redeems men unutterably lost 

to the spiritual world. A few dollars 
given pays a year's salary of a 
preacher who leads many to Christ. 
A prayer offered brings to pass re- 
sults impossible without God's sanc- 
tion and answer. A business con- 
ducted for the purpose of glorifying 
Christ and spreading His Kingdom 
puts into action scores of efficient 
workers, or builds many churches 
or mission schools. Some give, not 
spare time or money, but life, and in 
a larger though not otherwise dif- 
ferent way redeem the world. 

Such a purpose comes only by 
knowledge of Christ and supreme 
human effort. It does not happen. 
It grows, like churches. To acquire 
it demands perseverance. The King- 
dom of Heaven suffers violence be- 
cause so few have it. An increasing 
army of young men and women, as 
well as old, are striving to possess 
it. Recruited by multitudes whom 
these can win to it, the purpose to 
fill the corners of city, nation and 
world with the sweet knowledge of 
Christ becomes not alone possible in 
a century or a generation but a glo- 
rious obligation and privilege. 


" HPHE church which is not a missionary church," said 
the Rev. Dr. A. J. Gordon, "will be a missing church 
during the next fifty years, its candle of consecration put out, 
if not its candlestick removed out of its place. As ministers 
and churches of Jesus Christ, our self-preservation is con- 
ditioned on our obedience to the great commission. Noiv it 
is preach or perish! evangelize or fossilize!" 



By the Rev. Ernest Bourner Allen 
Pastor Washington Street Congregational Church, Toledo, Ohio 

IT is sometimes scornfully said, and 
not without reason, that we 
Americans are too often content 
to leave our affairs to God and a 
committee. We vote "aye" to ap- 
point the committee and that is all. 
Sometimes we do not expect them 
to do anything and they know it. 
If they do act, we grumble when they 
disturb our repose by presenting 
facts or asking aid. 


A missionary committee is a fun- 
damental necessity in every society 
•of young people. Its existence is 
vital to the life of the society. It 
ought to be prayerful and if it is it 
will be fairly level-headed. A quiet 
man with ordinary ability will often 
excel the brilliant committee-man 
who only sputters, sizzles, goes up 
like a rocket and comes down like 
a stick. It is better not to go so far 
than to come down so hard. 

The results which we so earnestly 
seek in missionary effort do not 
happen. The) are at the end of toil 
which must be carefully planned and 
systematically pursued. My room- 
mate in the seminary had this motto : 
"'Keep plugging away." It helped 
him to turn off an amazing amount 
of work. We must have a committee 
that will "keep plugging away." 
All plans wear out. They must be 
renewed and their form changed. 
The committee is the necessary source 
of these changes. 

Let no one imagine that "com- 
mittee" implies a large group of 
interested \oung people. Scores of 
workers are weakly saying: "Our 
president, our committee, our so- 
ciety, are not interested. We can- 

not find members for such a com- 
mittee." Very well, let it consist, 
as it often does, of but one member. 
Let that one be yourself. It will be 
easy to have the committee meet, 
every action will be unanimous, and 
in directness it cannot fail to hit the 
mark. We surrender without battle 
if we give up because others are not 
interested. It is because they are 
not interested that we have work 
to do. To say "nobody cares" is 
simply diagnosis, not medicine. The 
president ought to be interested; but 
even if he is not, much can be done. 
Don't give up. 

Results do not justify the principle 
of putting too many people on a 
committee in order to interest them. 
It is easier for fruit to rot than to 
ripen. We must be careful of our 
balance of power in the committee 
membership. We want neither the 
inefficient saint nor the competent 
sluggard in the majority. Better 
a committee of one where work 
dwells than a multitude of figure- 
heads where no labor is. Be sure of 
one. You can be sure because you 
are one. 

In some societies it may be wise 
to have two committees, one for 
foreign missions and the other for 
home missions. This is not neces- 
sary on the ground that the work is 
not fundamentally the same but be- 
cause it is hardly possible for one 
committee during its existence to 
master the facts of each branch of the 
work. The underlying principles are 
identical. The data in each case is 
different. It is sometimes well to 
continue an efficient committee, so 
long as it makes progress. But to 
avoid an unfitting "perseverance of 



the saints," who have done well and 
are resting on their laurels, it may be 
well to add to or subtract from the 
committee's membership, or to estab- 
lish a rotation in the chairmanship. 
We must give every worker oppor- 
tunity to show his mettle and never 
imagine we have a life-lease on any 
service. We must have gumption 
enough to see when things do not get 
on under our leadership. If they do 
not get on we must have grace enough 
to get out. But we must also have 
grit enough to hang on when the work 
is hard. The man who holds on and 
does not help, lacks gumption. The 
man who lets go because it is hard, 
lacks grit. Both of them need grace, 
coupled with grit and gumption, to 
make the committee effective. God 
give us grace to find our work and 
do it, to find our workers and help 


One of the first problems con- 
fronting the committee is the public 
meeting. How can it be made effec- 
tive? It is neglected by many, en- 
dured by others. Diagnosis must 
precede prescription. What killed 
it ? Let us be frank in acknowledging 
our faults. Here is a typical epi- 


(Requieseat in pace) 

Because of an apolegetie. mournful an- 

Because it began late. 

Because it lacked terminal facilities. 

Because it never was planned, it just 

Because the facts presented were old. 

Because the geographical fiend held sway. 

Because the interested man talked too 
long, so long! 

Because it was simply on the schedule, 

wasn't wanted. 
Because it lacked spiritual vitality. 

It is easy to see what we need. 
How shall we secure it? Let the 
Missionary Committee follow these 
points : 

i. Make a cheery, ringing an- 
nouncement of your meeting or none 
at all. 

2. Buy a clock. Begin on time 
and close on time. If the leader is 
not prompt the president or the 
chairman of the committee should 
see that the meeting conforms to the 
hour appointed. Never wait for a 
leader to come. Begin the meeting. 
If anybody reads, writes, talks, or 
prays too long, let him be cour- 
teously requested to desist. It is 
better to make one person mad (he 
will get over it), because he is asked 
to do right, than to make fifty people 
resolve never to come again! One 
mad man is to fifty folks glad as 
stopping him is to letting him go on ! 

3. Coach your leader. Let him 
fully understand the ideal meeting 
you are co-operating with him to 

4. Have a plan. Push it. Any 
plan is better than no plan. What- 
ever enforces the axiom that the 
prepared man has the chance for- 
tifies the assertion that the prepared 
meeting has the chance. Try having 
more speakers and shorter addresses. 
Make your speakers do the work of 
preparation. Don't forever feed them 
with a spoon out of some missionary 
scrapbook. Compel them to a health- 
ful originality. 

5. Give people the facts about to- 
day's work, and press them home. 

T) ESTRICTED missionary endeavors are not owing to lack of 
financial ability, but to lack of ttnselfishness, lack of zeal, 
lack of the true spirit of Christ. That the work of spreading the 
Gospel may be as extensive as the loving demands of Christ re- 
quire, there must be borne in the hearts of Christian men and 
women an intense conviction of their obligation to be faithful 
stewards of God's gifts. 




JEROME is the richest copper 
camp in the country, and the 
most wicked, it is said. How- 
ever, its wickedness is not of that 
type which make Dodge City and 
Deadwood notorious. It is, however, 
the most irreligious place of its size 
in America. There is no Sabbath. 
The men in the mines and works are 
driven like machinery, seven days 
each week, day and night. In the 
same way the saloons and gambling 
dens are run. "We never sleep." is 
the motto on the letter heads of the 
Fashion Gambling Palace. Jerome 
never sleeps or rests. At the mines 
the men work in eight-hour shifts, 
and in a temperature which drives 
the mercury up to 140 at times. In 
the smelter, machine shop, power 
house and other works, the shifts are 
ten and twelve hours, but the men 
toil day and night, for seven days. 

Only those who keep watch of the 
days note when Sunday comes. It 
is this condition which crushes the 
ambition and energies of the men, and 
produces an irreligious condition. It 
makes men forget God. The officers 
and operators of the Copper Com- 
pany seem to be utterly indifferent to 
the religious and spiritual interests of 
their employees. None of the lead- 
ing men of the camp take an active 
interest in church life. There are 
few active Christian men and women 
in Jerome. 

During the past few months scores 
of young men have come here. Many 
of them have just crossed the thresh- 
old of manhood. They aim to bet- 
ter their financial condition. The dol- 
lar is the allurement. Among these 
are graduates of Eastern colleges, 
universities and high schools. They 
have come from some of the best- 




American homes, followed by the 
prayers of mothers, sisters and sweet- 
hearts. They have heard of Jerome 
as an open door. For, besides its 
unenviable reputation for wickedness, 
it has also the reputation of offering 
to all who want work, good wages and 
chances of advancement. It is not 
the dark, seamy side that attracts. 
It is the bright, promising side. 

When one of these hopeful young 
men reaches here, what then? He 
finds a lodging or boarding place. 
Perhaps he finds lodging in one of 
the many shacks on the hill-side, or at 
the Copper Company's big "Mon- 
tana" or "Mulligan" hotels. The 
next day he visits the works, has an 
interview with the superintendent or 
foreman of one of the departments, 
and receives an assignment of work. 
What next? He is a stranger among 
strangers, and he has his social side. 
He wants companionship. Every- 
thing is strange up there on the 
mountainside. He will go down into 
the city to see what can be seen. 
The next day, if he is on a day shift, 

when his work is done, he wants to 
spend an hour or so reading, or play- 
ing a game some where. He wants 
someone with whom to chum. Again 
he wanders down town and into 1 , the 
heart of a concentrated district of 
wickedness. This section is not large. 
Two ordinary blocks, with an inter- 
vening street, covers it. In the center 
of this is the Fashion Gambling Pal- 
ace, furnished with alluring attrac- 
tions. Through the streets he walks, 
looking for some place to his liking, 
some reading room or club room 
where young men congregate. But 
he finds none. He questions one and 
another whom he meets and is told 
that there is no place of the kind in 
the camp. He feels exceedingly 
lonesome ; he is homesick ; he looks 
into the faces of those he meets hop- 
ing to meet someone he has met be- 
fore. He wants some one to talk to. 
The doors of the saloons and 
gambling places are wide open. From 
The Fashion he hears music from a 
piano or orchestrion. He hears a 
song sung by a rich voice. Sometimes 



it is a song he has heard at home 
and it intensifies his homesickness. 
Sometimes he has heard it in church. 
The voices that sing here are good. 
They will sing songs of home, of 
God. Some time ago, standing on the 
sidewalk outside, I heard a splendid 
baritone sing "The Holy City," in 
The Fashion. 

Our friend listens and his heart is 
stirred. He goes to the door and 
looks in. He is interested in what 
he sees. There are groups of men 
crowding at different points in the 
large room. As he stands at the door 
the temptation comes to him to go in, 
to see more. Everything is attract- 
ive, alluring, fascinating. A rou- 
lette game is in progress, and his 
interest is aroused. He goes to an- 
other group. They are playing faro. 
He sees young men like himself plac- 
ing money on certain cards; sees 
some win double the amount of their 
stake. Meanwhile, he has attracted 
attention, and a young man, some- 
times a young woman, accosts him 
and invites him to take a drink. He 

has n e v er drunk anything ; the 
tempter suggests a light drink — soda 
water, lemonade. He wants to be 
companionable and he yields and 
steps up to the bar or takes a seat 
at a table and the tempter and victim 
enter into conversation and thus a 
companionship is formed. The next 
trip to the town these steps are easier 
and soon they become frequent. Our 
friend has begun to drift away from 
mother's plea and influence; from 
God and all that is good, and is 
drawn into the current that wrecks 
so many promising lives. 

This is no fancy picture. Hun- 
dreds of young men that came to Je- 
rome have in this way been drawn 
into the terrible current that ends in 
speedy moral, and frequently, physi- 
cal death. Only last week I was 
called to bury a young man whose 
father was a godly man and whose 
mother was a devoted Christian. 
Some years ago he left home, drifted 
out into Montana and thence down 
through the Rocky Mountain towns, 
learning the art of gambling as he 


drifted, until he reached Jerome. 
Here he was one of the professional 
gamblers. He fills a gambler's grave. 
At his funeral six professional gam- 
blers were pall-bearers. 

But to-day we have reason to be 
thankful to our Heavenly Father 
that the young man looking for a 
reading or club room will find one. 
As he passes by our church he will 
see a sign, Club and Reading Room — 
Free. Every one invited. Not as at- 

tractive as The Fashion, it is true; 
not furnished with music and entice- 
ments as is that, resort; not fur- 
nished as we want to have it, for we 
need more literature and games. But 
it is an open room and young men 
can come in and have a social time, 
read papers, write letters and thus 
keep out of temptation and the dan- 
ger of drifting. It is a new opening 
for the young men who come to Je- 
rome. We thank God for it. 


WE take great pleasure in presenting 
the following suggestive sentences 
from Mrs. Darwin R. James, Presi- 
dent of the Presbyterian Board of Home 
Missions: An error in my brief statement 
of the books or other publications which 
had turned my thoughts toward Home 
Missions, in The Home Missionary for 
June, compels me to ask that I may cor- 
rect the same. The Home Missionary 
and The American Missionary were not 
the only magazines on the library table 
on Sundays. The Missionary Herald was 
always with them and the religious papers 
of the Church, but no secular magazines 
or papers. 

As I have recalled the impressions made 
in those early years of my life, I am per- 
suaded that no instruction or influence 
in later years can take the place of this 
early education, as a controlling power 
through life. 

Abhorrence of the satanic fraud of 
Mormonism had its birth in those early 
years in the literature of the anti-slavery 
society, which also found a place among 
missionary periodicals. Intense indig- 
nation against all forms of injustice and 
wrong-doing generated in those formative 
years of life has been a propelling power 
ever since. May the circulation of The 
Home Missionary be increased a hun- 
dred-fold ! 

The Young People's Society of the 
Ravenswood Congregational Church, Chi- 
cago, has found a series of book reviews 
an attractive feature at missionary meet- 
ings. Miss Ida V. Jontz writes of the 
plan as follows: "A book from the Mis- 
sionary library is assigned to a member, 
who gives a review of it at the missionary 
meeting. Those who are to prepare re- 
views are requested to make them so 
interesting that others will desire to read 
the books." Miss Jontz suggests one 
danger to be avoided: the review should 
not be so complete that it will satisfy the 
hearers. In other words, the review 
should be suggestive, merely indicating 
the strong qualities of the book. 

_ At one of the great missionary meetings 
held in connection with the recent Chris- 
tian Endeavor Convention at Denver, the 
address on Home Missions was given by 
Dr. E. E. Chi vers, Secretary of the Baptist 
Home Missionary Society. He empha- 
sized the duty of his hearers to America 
and the importance of evangelizing the 
multitude of emigrants who are coming 
to this country and also the Godless old 

The conference in the interest of mis- 
sions, under the auspices of the Young 



People's Missionary Movement, held at 
Silver Bay, Lake George, July 22 to 
31, was full of encouragement. The 
number attending was most gratifying. 
Three hundred and seventy-seven dele- 
gates were present, from twenty-one 
States and Canada. Of Congregation- 
alists there were 116, the largest number 
from any one denomination. Altogether 
eighteen denominations were represented. 
One of the most beneficial features was the 
Bible hour, conducted by Mr. Harry Wade 
Hicks, of the American Board. The 
missionary purpose of Jesus, as revealed 
by a study of the kingdom which he came 
to found; the King, the disciple in the 
kingdom, the condition of those not in 
the kingdom, the disciple as a propagator 
of the kingdom, were the subjects briefly 
considered each morning. Through this 
class many gained a better understanding 
of the Word of God, and many came to de- 
sire a better knowledge of the relation of 
the Bible to missions. The course was a 
most valuable one. The Foreign Mission 
study class was taught by Mr. Harlan 
P. Beach, whose long and rich experi- 
ence has given him unsurpassed qualifi- 
cations for such, important service. The 
leader of the Home Mission study class 
was the Rev. Dr. A. L. Phillips, of Rich- 
mond, Va." This class was well attended 
and was very successful. 


In his annual report presented at the 

recent convention at Denver, Mr. William 
Shaw, of the United Society of Christian 
Endeavor, referred to the large annual 
offerings of Christian Endeavor societies 
to missions. The society of the Oxford 
Presbyterian Church, Philadelphia, gave 
$1,814. The Chinese Christian Endeavor 
Society of the Congregational Mission, 
San Francisco, contributed $1,516. A 
great impetus to the cause of missions 
among young people is being given by 
the wise and persistent efforts of the 
leaders of the Christian Endeavor move- 


This cheering note comes from the 
Young People's Society of the Congrega- 
tional Church, at Neosho, Missouri: "The 
Young People's Society of Christian En- 
deavor of our Congregational Church is 
thinking of doing some practical missionary 
work this fall. Will you please give us the 
name of some one who needs a good mis- 
sionary box ? We are all busy during the 
day, therefore the work will be done at night." 

We trust that all members of young 
people's societies in Congregational chur- 
ches are in the habit of reading the very 
suggestive and helpful notes on the Chris- 
tian Endeavor topics written regularly for 
The Congregationalist by the Rev. fi. A. 
Bridgman, and for The Advance by the 
Rev. Dr. H. T. Sell. 


IT is my firm conviction that in the 
matter of Bible study, missionary 
effort, rescue mission service, and in 
general and consecrated endeavor through- 
out our land, the young people's societies 
are in better condition to-day than ever 
before, so far as real blessing to the 
Church is concerned. — J. Wilbur Chap- 
man, in "Present-Day Evangelism." 

In one sense, of course, all fervent and 
earnest church work is a part of home 
missionary work. Every earnest and 
zealous believer, every man or woman, 
who is a doer of the work and not a hearer 
only, is a lifelong missionary in his or her 
field of labor, a missionary by precept, 
and by what is a thousand-fold more 
than precept, by practice. Every such 
believer exerts influence on those within 
reach, somewhat by word, and infinitely 
more through the ceaseless, yet well- 
nigh unfelt pressure, all the stronger when 
its exercise is unconscious of example, 

of broad, loving, charitable, neighborly 
kindness. — Theodore Roosevelt, in "Cen- 
tennial of Presbyterian Home Missions." 


The man of the world, as we call him, 
has the tasks but not the spiritual mo- 
tives. The Christian has the spiritual 
motive and is sometimes ready to think 
that that supersedes and makes unneces- 
sary the task. There comes the strange 
unfaithfulness which we often see in earn- 
est religious people, not the least often 
in ministers. But it is possible for the 
man full of God to meet the world full of 
God, and to find interpretations and re- 
velations of his Master everywhere. The 
Christian finds the hand of Christ in every- 
thing, and by the faithful use of every- 
thing for Christ's sake, he takes firm hold 
of that hand of Christ and is drawn nearer 
and nearer to Himself. That is, I think, 
the best method of promoting spiritual 
life. — Phillips Brooks, in "Best Methods 
of Promoting Spiritual Life." 


Good News from Salt Lake 

PROGRESS in Utah means more 
than in many other States. 
Rev. P. A. Simpkins of Phil- 
lips Church, Salt Lake City, finds 
good reason for a jubilant report, 
and many friends and well-wishers 
will join him in congratulations. 

The quarter just closed is one which 
marks an important development in the 
life of Phillips Church., During its first 
month, we dedicated free of debt the 
beautiful little meeting-house, the lack 
of which has been a serious handicap on 
the work of your missionaries for years 
past. We have a pretty bviilding, sub- 
stantial, modern in its appointments, 
commodious, attractive, and large enough 
to meet the growth of years to come. The 
building is 60x60, with audience-room seat- 
ing about 300, Sunday-school room, three 
class-rooms, reading-room, dining-room, 
kitchen and smaller rooms, with a fine 
pastor's study in the tower. 

After dedication, we held a series of 
Gospel meetings, which were a blessing 
to the church. Again, preceding Easter, 
we had ten days of prayer and meditation. 
Spiritual conditions are of the best. 
Meetings are all full of earnest life. The 
prayer-meeting is the best we have had 
since my coming here. Sunday-school 
average is nearly forty higher than in the 
preceding quarter. New faces are the 
order nearly every Sunday and our 
prospects are bright for a steady advance. 

A Happy Union 

We commend the following from 
the pen of Rev. John B. Reese to all 
friends of home missions. Four dif- 
ferent denominations, in a scant pop- 
ulation, unite in a Congregational 
church. Harmony and strength re- 
sult and the future is bright. 

June 7th we held our Council at the 
new town of Lane, South Dakota, com- 
pleting the organization of the church. 
The day was propitious and the services 
under the direction of Superintendent 

Thrall were impressive. As we are nov 
the only denomination on the ground, 
the other denominations having united 
with us, the prospects for the new church 
are very bright. Practically all the 
leading families are represented in the 
church; the organization was accom- 
plished without any faction holding 
aloof. Hence, there is little danger of 
denominational rivalry for the present. 
We are negotiating for lots. Perhaps 
the most encoitraging feature for the 
quarter is our Sunday-school. The total 
enrollment for the four churches is over 
200 and the average attendance is good. 
We have held three Sunday-school con- 
ventions this quarter, two on my field and 
one near by. All these have been very 
helpful to the work. For over two years 
I have met with the children of the 
Primary and Intermediate grades on 
Saturday afternoons and during the last 
quarter we have organized ourselves 
into "The Band of Uprightness." This 
organization adds great interest to the 
meetings and largely increases the at- 
tendance and for awhile we were in 
danger of being swamped. I feel very 
intensely on this matter of child training 
by the church. I do not mean to make 
it a hobby, but I feel that here is the hope 
of the future of our churches. 

The Gospel Has Power 

The following story told in its 
quaint English is given literatim. 
We do not dare to change the con- 
struction for fear of spoiling its 
interest. Without locating the field, 
it is enough to say that the people 
are Slovaks and Polaks and the 
incidents are a few out of many 
which might be cited of the power 
of the Gospel among these inter- 
esting people. 

We have reasons to believe that then 
are some persons awakened to seek 
salvation of their souls, if not already 
saved. Indeed, they seem to love their 
Saviour, but as we have been deceived 
by some before, we do not like to form 
a decided opinion about them so soon. 



However, we know this much, that their 
lives are changed, that they gladly hear 
the Word of God, both in their homes and 
in our church services, and that they 
patiently bear persecution even from 
their relatives. There is one compara- 
tively young family here of whom the 
above statement is true. The man was 
a drinking man. Sometimes he drank 
too much and would come home drunk 
and find fault with his wife, and if she 
dared to oppose him, he would break the 
furniture to pieces. But this family is 
now changed. The man has quit drink- 
ing. He reads the blessed Book, comes 
to our church services and prayer-meet- 
ings. His wife would come, too, but for 
heavy cares at home. But when we call 
to see her, she leaves her work to hear the 
Word of God. They love and respect 
each other and holy peace reigns in their 

Now, what would you expect from their 
relatives, and especially their parents, 
when they see such a change in their 
children? You would expect joy and 
gratitude. On the contrary they are do- ' 
ing their best to get their children back 
to the old way of living, urging the man 
to drink for his health's sake. But he 
was never healthier than now, since he 
gave up drinking. Their parents hate 
xts for calling on their children, though 
the children are still Lutherans and attend 
that church, though they attend our 
services in the evening. When the father 
of the lady saw that he could not per- 
suade his daughter to forbid us the house, 
he met us on the street and said, "Don't 
you dare any more to call on my children. 
I'm going to put a stop." We answered, 
"you will find us there next Tuesday 

There is another family, a young one, 
too, the husband of which attends our 
ehurch. He says he gets more instruc- 
tion from us than he does from his own, 
the Lutheran. He has given up that 
church, although we have never urged 
him to do so. He is making some progress 
in the change of his life, and seems to be 
hungering after the truth. But his wife 
is against it. She does not say anything 
while we are there, but when we are gone 
she scolds him. She tells him that a 
man who does not drink is not manly, 
that he is good for nothing. He labored 
with her and succeeded in getting her to 
come to our church once or twice. Strange 
to say that before she got married she 
used to come often to our church when 
he was far from doing so. The need of 
the Gospel among Slovaks and Polaks 
is very great. Left alone, they sink 
lower and lower in sin, carelessness and 
infidelity. Intoxicating drink is the great 
hindrance to Christian work among these 

A Novel Feature 

We are glad to report the ex- 
periment of Pastor Jones of Harvey, 
No. Dak., and his comments upon 
it. It is the wise shepherd that 
cares for the lambs. 

We have a surpliced choir, composed 
of about twenty children, boys and girls. 
The service they have rendered is great, 
indeed, and they have been very regular 
in their attendance. They are very 
beautiful children and they have several 
times filled our service and our lives with 
stmshine. Their presence has made all 
our lives brighter, happier and better. I 
have kept up their interest in part by 
teaching them in the Sunday-school and, 
in part also, by giving them occasional 
drives into the country, to the farm 
houses and to the lake sides, when we 
have given them a description of the 
rocks and of plant-life. I have found out 
that one can win a child by appealing to 
its ardent love of nature and I have 
found out also that nature supplies 
many texts from which we may speak to 
them of the character and dealing of God, 
our Creator and our Father. About the 
greatest regret I have in leaving Harvey 
is that in so doing I shall be obliged to 
leave those children. 

The Parentless Church 

The far Western church is often 
an exception to all rules prevailing 
in Eastern communities. The "child- 
less" church we know, but the "par- 
entless" church is somewhat of a 
novelty". Pastor Watson of Montana 
writes : 

We greatly lack the co-operation of the 
parents in our work for the young. Where 
this is lacking it is hard to accomplish 
what we wish. I recently read an article 
in the Outlook on "The Childless Church." 
It had some good points well worth con- 
sidering by those who are ministering to 
churches where the absence of children 
is conspicuous. But here the condition 
is different. Many children come to 
church whose parents habitually stay 
away. If church-going parents are to 
blame for the absence of their children, 
and they should be exhorted to do their 
duty in this matter, what shall we say to 
the church-going children who do not 
bring their parents to church with them? 

The President at Sioux Falls, 
South Dakota 

Our German Church at Sioux 
Falls had the pleasure of President 



Roosevelt's presence at their hour 
of service on a recent Sabbath. The 
Pastor, Rev. John Single, thus alludes 
to the incident: 

We are pleased to have had the honor 
of President Roosevelt's presence at our 
Sunday morning service. The church 
of course, was filled with hearers as never 
before, though we succeeded in avoiding 
an uncomfortable crowd. Our church 
building has been nicely repaired and on 
that Sunday was beautifully decorated. 
The sermon was preached by President 
Seil, of our German-English College, 
Iowa, and the whole service was exclu- 
sively in the German language. Presi- 
dent Roosevelt shook hands with us after 
the service and said that he understood 
everything very well and was much 
pleased with his visit. 

The Blessed flinistry of Home 

Rev. R. W. Fletcher of Washington, 
who knows all about hardness as a 
good soldier of the Cross, adds an- 
other to his familiar experiences in 
the following narrative. Without the 
church and the missionary the pic- 
ture he draws would be unredeemed 
by a ray of light : 

Much of my time during the three 
months just ended has been given to 
making calls upon the sick in places re- 
mote from my regular field. One case 
was that of a woman, who with her hus- 
band and two children, had recently 

removed from G F , where we 

have a church and Christian advantages, 
to the "foothills" of the Olympic Pen- 
insula, where neither we nor any other 
church has any — no church, no Sunday- 
school, no physician, no good school, 
but the miasma of sin thick on every side. 
In making the journey to and from the 
bedside of a sick woman, I traveled 
twenty-four miles through forest, over 
swollen mountain streams, up and down 
steep hills where no horse could travel. 
Three times during the woman's illness 
I made this trip. She was recovering, as 
it seemed to me and to the family, but 
the husband, who had not had his clothes 
off for six consecutive weeks, save to 
make a change, was at last overcome by 
sleep and the precious wife, for the want 
of help, took a severe cold — no Christian 
friend, mother, brother, sister, neighbor 
near her side. I was sent for again, the 
oldest boy, fourteen years of age, coming 
after me. I returned with the boy, but 
alas! the mother and wife was dying 
when we reached the afflicted home. I 
found a woman living on a river bank 

some distance from the scene and with 
her help the body was prepared for a 
journey, which at the winter season could 
be made by strong men only. The next 
day, making a stretcher and finding six 
men scattered here and there on "home- 
steads" in the woods, we started on our 
journey for Forks, but two men, by 
reason of the narrowness of the trail, 
carrying her at a time. At last we reached 
the river, our men fatigued almost to 
prostration. Down the river we took 
the remains in a skiff to a point where we 
were met by a wagon from Forks, to 
which place we proceeded and where one 
and all were glad to receive the tender 
ministrations of the foster-child of the 
C. H. M. S. Not twenty miles from 
Forks, where is located your infant 
church, is a beautiful prairie, where are 
seven graves, of whose occupants, not one 
came to a natural death and not one 
of them received Christian ministry at 
their funerals. After rolling away the 
"stone" from the mouth of the grave, 
taking away the grave clothes from the 
deceased and comforting the mourners 
as best we could by the Word and by 
Christian song, one and another was heard 
to say, "Why this is like it used to be 
where Ave came from back East." or to 
utter similar words, "This is all right; 
this is as it should be." None are sorry 
that the great Father is reaching down in 
placing the beneficent hand of the C. H. 
M. S. upon the heads of the people in this 
valley of sin and dry bonet,. 

An Opportunity Improved 

Rev. A. B. Case, our Spanish- 
speaking missionary in Southern Cali- 
fornia, has an open eye for oppor- 
tunity. It would be hard to con- 
ceive of a better use of a strike than 
to turn it to a spiritual advantage. 

Much of my strength has been given to 
special meetings connected with our tents 
in this city. A labor union of our Span- 
ish-speaking laborers was recently or- 
ganized here and was unwisely led into 
a strike. For two weeks or more some 
i, 800 Mexicans were idle. An appeal 
was made to me for the loan of our mission 
tent in which to shelter a number of these 
men, who had recently arrived from 
Mexico, and being without work were 
unable to pay for lodging. We were glad 
to accommodate them, retaining the 
privilege of holding two meetings each 
week and they paying the rent of the 
ground. Not only the tent space was 
occupied at night with sleeping Mexicans, 
but also the ground outside for con- 
siderable distance, there being more than 
100 persons in the rented lot. The 
stereopticon, with views of Mexico, the 



Life of Christ, hymns and Scripture 
texts made the meetings more attractive 
than they had expected, so that by their 
own request they were held more fre- 
quently. The men have now scattered 
again to various places to labor, but 
several, whose interest was awakened at 
the tent meetings, have been attending 
our services at the hall. 

The Resurrection of a Church 

Churches die hard, as the following 
from Rev. E. A. Merick of Cass 
Lake, Missouri, shows. His story 
also proves that faithful labor is 
sure of its reward. 

I was asked to go to Cass Lake in 
December, 1902, for a month. I labored 
three weeks before I saw a church member. 
We had some extra meetings and one man 
announced himself as a member. Later 
on his absent wife appeared. Still later 
another woman returned from a visit. In 
all three was the total membership of the 
church until February. Then we received- 
six by letter and three on confession. At 
the April communion two more were re- 
ceived by letter. Still later four more on 
confession, until we have eighteen mem- 
bers in Cass Lake, besides eight absent 
members, in all twenty-six. As one man 
put the case, "Although )^ou have worked 
six months of the dullest times this place 
has ever seen, you have put the church 
in a better condition than it ever was." 
Another said, "We have got all the good 
people in town." To God be the glory! 
I have often seen the statement that our 
church buildings are not sufficiently 
utilized. The remark does not apply to 
the Cass Lake Church this winter. It 
has been a school-house five days in the 
week and a church on Sunday. It was 
leased for primary school purposes, the 
seats being screwed to a platform of 
boards. Friday night came the trans- 
formation scene. Platforms were pushed 
to the side of the building and the center 
space seated with chairs for Sabbath 
services. Stmday night this proceeding 
was reversed. One secret of success has 
been the frequent visits made. In the 
six months past, by actual record, 906 
visits were made and it is safe to say that 
200 of them have been accompanied with 

Making a Business of It 

The following story of successful 
methods will repay reading and 
thought. Great things can be done 
by a people who have a mind to 
work and the right sort of a leader. 
The field in this instance is St. 

Louis and the leader Rev. M. J. 

The work for the quarter covered by 
this report, may almost be said to have 
begun by special revelation. On February 
13th, while your missionary was preparing 
to preach on the need of a revival in con- 
nection with which he was studying the 
sending forth of the twelve, it was borne 
in upon his mind with great force to go 
from house to house among the church 
families and ask them to come together 
on the following Sabbath to pray for a 

In this way fifty calls were made in two 
afternoons. Though the Sabbath that 
followed was very stormy, there was a 
good attendance in the A. M. service and 
the most strongly spiritual meeting we 
have ever had in the evening. Many 
were the prayers and testimonies. To 
give point to these new desires, members 
were asked to do two things so far as 
possible; "to covenant to attend prayer- 
meeting for the next six weeks and to 
visit their neighbors and invite them to 
the evening church service." Thus our 
Lenten meetings were launched and they 
were, I believe, the strongest prayer- 
meetings we have had during my pas- 
torate. Thirty-six persons enrolled in 
this prayer-meeting covenanters' list. 
Every Sunday A. M. during Lent I asked 
for volunteers to go out two by two during 
the Sabbath afternoon and invite people 
to the evening session. In this way from 
ten to thirty calls were made every Sab- 
bath afternoon by members of the church 
with the specific purpose of asking people 
to the evening service. The result was 
very marked. Our audiences rose from 
forty and sixty to seventy-five and ninety. 
For the Easter meetings we had the Scrip- 
ture story of Jesus as given by Mark and 
looked upon more than 100 views illus- 
trating the events. At the close of each 
service I gave a short evangelistic appeal. 
Results: Attendance averaged ninety- 
two, one-third Sunday-school children. 
Interest especially good among Chris- 
tians and one of our young men decided 
for the ministry, because of the impression 
made by the Gospel story. 

A Spring in the Desert 

Readers will rejoice with Pastor 
Billings of Southern California in the 
fruits he is privileged to report from 
a field of exceptional difficulties. 

I am glad to report that the Lord has 
blessed my work of the last quarter. My 
field, I think, is counted among those hard 
to cultivate. Last Sunday I took twenty 
into the church, all adults save four, ten 
by profession, others by letter. This 



was really a great victory for us. I have 
often felt that it was quite a hopeless 
task in which I was engaged, and yet 
from time to time comes a bright rift in 
the clouds like this. How to reach the 
laboring class is solved, I think, by this 
church and its work. Trust in God and 
preach His Word seems the simple and 

the best way after all. People are chang- 
ing constantly. But for this I should 
have a strong church. But among rail- 
road people, and especially on the desert, 
change is the order. I am greatly en- 
couraged, however, by the result and by 
God's blessing and am cheerfully ready to 
labor on. 


C At Swanville, Minnesota, the 
student pastor has organized a sum- 
mer reading club for the young 
people, which has awakened much 
interest. Boys have been gathered 
into a semi-military club, with a 
veteran of the Philippines as drill 
master. One result is that the peo- 
ple of the town are awakening to the 
idea that there is an "institution" 
in the place. 

C No licence carried in some South 
Dakota towns largely through the 
influence of the pastor. Among these 
are Beresford, Bryant, Canton, Wil- 
low Lake and Valley Springs. Bryant 
changed a defeat of sixty-nine to 
thirty-four into a victory of sixty- 
nine to sixty-five, for which Rev. 
J. M. Bates is given credit. 

C At Albee, South Dakota, a new 
church was recognized by Council, 
and on the same day the church 
building, costing over $2,000, was 
dedicated without debt. At Clear 
Lake a new building costing $5,100, 
has been finished and awaits dedica- 
tion. Deadwood has lifted a debt 
of $700. 

C Superintendent Jenkins of 
Georgia reports eighty-seven mem- 
bers received into the church at 
Columbus, Rev. J. F. Farr pastor. 
These additions have been received 
since January and the increase still 

goes on. Baxley has taken in thirty- 
one members and other churches an 
unusual number. The year is re- 
markable for .church accessions. 

C Our only woman minister in 
Montana, Rev. Alice S. N. Barnes of 
Columbus, who has recently passed 
her sixty-second birthday, thus writes 
of a recent Sunday's work. "In the 
morning I taught in the Sunday- 
school in Columbus, in the afternoon 
drove seven miles over a muddy road 
to a school-house, preached and 
organized a Sunday-school, returned 
to Columbus, helped in the Christian 
Endeavor meeting and preached in 
the evening." The Columbus church 
has greatly prospered under Mrs. 
Barnes leadership. 

C Our only church in Montana 
among foreigners, the Swedish church 
at Missoula, has just enlarged and 
improved its house of worship. 
Large congregations, a more than 
fourfold increase of membership, in- 
creased spiritual life, partly tell the 
story of Rev. L. Peterson's success- 
ful pastorate. 

C Immigration in 1898 was at its 
lowest ebb for fifteen years. Since 
then the annual admissions have 
been in 1899, 311,715; in 1900, 
448,572; in 1901, 487,918, in 1902, 
648,743 ; and in 1903, 857,046. 
These figures have no parallel in the 
history of the world outside of 



America. Two previous periods have 
been far more remarkable. The first 
was when in five years between 1850 
and 1855, we received 1,917,533 
people from foreign shores. 

Q Of the 21,000,000 immigrants 
since 1820 about 20,000,000 have 
come since 1845 and 14,000,000 since 
1870; thus within a single gene- 
ration we have received mainly from 
Europe a population ■ more than 
equal to that of Norway, Sweden, 
Denmark and Servia combined, twice 
as many as are now in Persia, once 
the mistress of the world, or nearly 
as many as the total to-day of Ire- 
land, Scotland, Wales and all Canada. 

C The Congregational church at 
Lead, South Dakota, Rev. J. A. 
Solan dt, pastor, came to self-support 
June 7th. At Lane, same State, a 
Congregational church of fifteen 
members was organized by Council, 
June 17th. 

C Ward Academy, South Dakota, 
Rev. L. E. Camfield, Principal and 
home missionary pastor, had a suc- 
cessful commencement. Nearly 
1 ,000 people were in attendance. One 
hundred and eighty carriages and 
wagons, besides bicycles and saddle 
horses, were counted in the school 
grounds alone. Many of the pupils 
are Bohemians, Norwegians and Hol- 
landers, who are graduated Christian 
American citizens. 

C, On June 28th, a 'church costing 
$4,200, was dedicated at Estelline. 
Superintendent Thrall, who preached 
the sermon, raised $591, and the 
church was dedicated free of debt. 
Rev. W. J. Oldfield is pastor. 

CL Pelican Rapids, Minnesota, 
which came to self-support by heroic 
giving a year ago, rounds up its first 
year by increasing the salary of its 
pastor, Rev. H. O. Hammond, fifty 
dollars. Congregations have in- 
creased, substantial citizens, who 
have held aloof from the church, 
have been gained and general good 
feeling prevails. 

C Superintendent A. T. Clarke 
of Alabama, assisted Rev. C. A. 
Breck in organizing a church of 
twenty-one members at Birmingham, 
May 17th. This is the first appear- 
ance of organized Congregationalism 
in Birmingham. The new church 
has adopted the honored name of 

C Rev. W. H. Newton of Alabama 
has held an earnest summer cam- 
paign, aiming to promote better 
Sunday-school work, better support 
of pastors, larger benevolences and 
more earnest work along all church 

C Wanted: two fields in Mon- 
tana offering inviting openings for 
men who desire to serve those who 
,are really needy, at moderate sala- 
ries, will be opened early in the fall. 
Superintendent W. S. Bell of Helena 
invites correspondence. 

C As the result of the earnest 
efforts of Rev. Joseph Pope, pastor 
of our church at Big Timber, Mon- 
tana, a church of sixteen members, 
to be known as the "Mountain View 
Congregational Church of McLeod," 
has been gathered in the beautiful 
Boulder Valley, south from Big 
Timber. It practically unites all the 
Christian elements in the valley for 
a distance of twenty miles. 

C Rev. J. S. Torrence, who is 
laboring in the Clarke's Fork Valley, 
Montana, has six preaching stations 
and still other communities are call- 
ing for his services. Each alternate 
week a drive of sixty miles is neces- 
sary to fill an appointment. 

C Five young men have united 
with the church at Missoula, Mon- 
tana, Rev. Joseph A. Barnes, pastor, 
during the last quarter. 

C At the May communion of the 
Los Angeles Spanish Church, three 
adults were baptized and received in 
the church by confession. 


Is It Coming? 


HAVE you ever stood on the 
platform of a railroad station 
waiting for the coming of an 
in-bound train, which was to bring 
something of special worth to you? 
— a friend, perhaps, or a gift. Just 
what does not so much signify so 
that it is coming to you to be cher- 
ished and shared with others — a long 
expected, long hoped for, valuable, 
shareable something? 

You know then the thrill of ex- 
pectancy which takes possession of 
one and which finds its full ex- 
pression as the train rushes into the 
station, laden with its precious 

It is somewhat in this expectant 
and hopeful attitude that we are 
waiting for the incoming of this im- 
pulse of home missions, this move- 
ment, that is making toward us and 
which will soon be upon us. We 
have located the rumble of the near- 
ing train through many signs of the 
times — in the awakening interest of 
our young people toward the serious 
problems which concern humanity. 
Such organized Christian conferences 
as are held at Silver Bay, sUch meet- 
ings as those at Providence, and the 
general meetings of Christian En- 
deavor, cannot fail to arouse our 
young men and women to a reali- 
zation of the needs of our homeland. 
It is at such conferences that they 
must have learned that great ques- 
tions must be grappled with as well 
as theorized over and that as makers 
of the new century they must prove 
themselves strong propelling forces 
in all well directed movements which 
make for the right. 

When we see how our little children 
in the public schools are trained to 
a love of their home land, to respect 

its flag and to revere its dead heroes, 
how they are taught through 
nature studies that nothing God has 
made is too small to be cared for; 
when we see young men in the 
schools and colleges throughout our 
land preparing themselves for the 
responsible places wherever God may 
call them, at home, in the church, on 
the frontier ; when we find our young 
women unlearning lessons in social 
frivolity and taking on the real 
culture, which is of the heart and 
which gives of themselves to others ; 
when we consider how the powers 
of our greatest minds are being 
brought to bear upon the great 
questions of immigration, anarchy, 
temperance, race and other prob- 
lems of import, all of which bear so 
directly upon home missions, surely 
we may feel that the time is near 
at hand. 

Woman's Way 


It is woman's way to give atten- 
tion to details. In the matter of 
dress, if you please, and in the care 
of a well-ordered house, men, per- 
haps, do not even now appreciate 
how much of her life and thought, 
I think I may say of her very soul, 
are thus given. It is little less than 
a travesty on her work, when articles 
are sent from homes in the East to 
the houses occupied by Home Mis- 
sionaries in the West, to cause an 
estimate to be made as to the worth 
of a Home Missionary box in cash. 
There is a touch given by woman to 
a home that is otherwise never im- 
parted. Women take in the situa- 
tion at the West, touching some de- 
tails of the home, such as are not so 
sure to occur to men. She is nature's 
home-maker. Little things sent 
West to appear about the house have 



a mission that is aside from money. 
The strength of a Home Missionary 
is not exclusively in his public ap- 
pointments, for many of these are 
not attended, by crowds. 

When our friends of the Roman 
Catholic Church boast that their 
great missionaries have been celi- 
bates and so argue for the celibacy 
of the clergy, we point in turn to the 
homes of our ministers upon the 
frontier, to their example, to their 
influence, to their varied points of 
contact with the community, to 
their comradeship in Christian work, 
to the family as the unit in desirable 

It is woman's way to respond to 
the needs of the very young. Where 
there are tiny children in Home 
Missionary families, women in the 
East will often work for them as if 
they were their own. This binds 
hearts and churches together and 
expresses a sympathy which a West- 
ern mother feels deeply. Do not 
turn to value these gifts in money. 

It is woman's way to make many 
expressions of herself in other terms 
than in money. It is woman's way 
to cherish the good objects of her 
choice. She cheerfully serves. She 
develops the qualities of a nurse as 
differing from those of a physician. 
She reinforces. Witness the Woman's 
Home Missionary Auxiliaries in our 
churches. They antedate the Wo- 
man's Clubs. There is no higher or 
nobler basis of fellowship. They 
have a twofold office. They rally 
and unify and enlarge the forces that 
are available and push them for- 
ward on lines dear to a woman's 
heart — the exaltation of the home, 
the care and training of the young, 
and standing by woman simply be- 
cause she is woman. It is woman's 
way to be practical. This will be 
undisputed. A cause pretty nearly 
succeeds with women if it asks some- 
thing of them. If it were not in- 
vidious I would catalogue a long 
list of relatively inferior organiza- 
tions that get warm, persistent, 
untiring, devoted labor from women, 

because they have set down dis- 
tinctly something to do and have 
shown some ways to do it. Women 
love to get together. They find 
fellowship. There is no abatement 
in this. It will never be otherwise. 
A woman is first of all a woman. 
She does not change. Expressions 
do. The Home Missionary cause, 
approaching her where she is sus- 
ceptible, in the name of God, of 
home, and of native land, asks 
something and something that is 
practical and appropriate, where she 
can do something and something on 
lines on which she loves to work. 
"A woman is more interesting who 
is interested in something." Save 
us! Oh, save us, from the uninter- 
ested, and so the uninteresting wo- 

Summer Outings and Home 


Vacations are for rest and change, 
so it is not wise for you to carry your 
household burdens, or the cares of 
the missionary society, or any church 
work, with you. But you need not 
leave at home your interest in the 

If you are spending a little time 
near a small, weak church, manage 
to leave it a little stronger spiritually 
and financially than when you came. 

Do not make the pastor feel that 
you are a specially critical listener, 
because you happen to come from 
the city. 

Interest yourself in the woman's 
missionary society, if there is one; 
if there is not, you may encourage 
the organization of one by a few 
timely suggestions. Cultivate the 
acquaintance of the woman most 
interested in these things, and help 
her to look a little beyond the 
poverty of her own little church ; 
give her the leaflet, "Hints and 
Helps"; distribute wisely, not ob- 
trusively, a variety of the bright, 
suggestive leaflets published by the 
Congregational Home Missionary 


Society; for instance, "The Mis- 
sionary Roll Call." by Mrs. Crafts. 
It is well to carry with one a few of 
these interesting, spicy leaflets, for 
you can never know when an oppor- 
tunity will come which will prove 
the little leaflet to be a word in 
season. The new and beautiful 
Home Missionary, too, can not 
fail to attract and interest. Keep 
an eye out for opportunities during 
the summer, and you cannot tell 
what a harvest may result in the 


Missionary Studies 


One of the problems confronting 
most of our Woman's State Unions is 
that of preparing interesting and 
profitable programs for use in our 
woman's meetings. The thought is 
constantly spreading that while the 
missionary box may still be needed, 
we are not to-day fulfilling our duty 
as patriotic Christian women unless 
we are acquainting ourselves with 
conditions existing in our own na- 
tive land — especially those conditions 
which call for increasing activity in 
planting the church and school and 
the introduction of the Christian ele- 
ment into the waste places. 

Some of our Unions have unusual 
facilities for the preparation of such 
programs, while other Unions, from 
smallness of numbers or lack of work- 
ers or remoteness from centers, find 
it difficult to prepare such helps. 

At the Conference of officers held 
in Providence, Rhode Island, in June 
of this year, it was learned that suf- 
ficient use had been made of the pro- 
grams issued in 1902-1903 to warrant 
their continuance the coming year. 
The list of subjects now proposed will 
be found in this issue of The Home 
Missionary, in the September Amer- 
ican Missionary and in the September 
Congregational Work, where also the 
elaborated program may be found 
each month. 

The Committee urge all our Socie- 
ties to use these programs for the 
following reasons: 

It saves the reduplication of pro- 
grams by various State Unions, thus 
reducing cost of time and money. It 
expresses the interest felt by our 
stronger Unions and greatly empha- 
sizes the unity of our work. It fur- 
nishes at least one center, that of 
study, round which we all may gather, 
and it affords us an opportunity to en- 
large our horizon regarding our coun- 
try's needs. The programs will each 
be of sufficient length for one meeting. 
The references accompanying may be 
readily secured and the subjects are 
such as to give variety to the year's 
work. Could such a form of study 
be widely adopted, it would prove 
helpful to all our Societies. We in- 
vite most earnestly to the use of these 
programs, prepared with thoughtful- 
ness and care, those already inter- 
ested in such study and urge their use 
upon those who, busy in preparing 
the missionary box, have not as yet 
given time to the critical conditions 
existing in our native land to-day. 

Topics of Study for the Year 

At the conference of officers of 
the Woman's State Unions, held in 
Providence, R. I., June 2d, a com- 
mittee of three were appointed to 
prepare programs for use in Home 
Missionary meetings during the com- 
ing year. The following list is pre- 
sented in the hope that it may be 
found helpful. The elaborated pro- 
gram for each month will be pub- 
lished in the corresponding issue of 
Congregational Work. 

Topics of Study. 
September — The Auxiliary and the State 

October — Porto Rico and the Porto Ricans. 
November — Texas. 
December — The Art of Giving. 
January — Our Slavic Peoples. 
February — The Indian at School. 
March — The Christian Academy, Its Value, 

Its Purpose. 
April — The Orientals in America. 
May — Alaska. 
'June — Christian Patriotism and our Young 




June, 1903 

Not in commission last year. 

Allen, William C, Washington, Ind. 

Bishop, J. L., Apache, Okla.; Bull, Edward, Po- 
mona, Fla. 

Campbell, Charles E., Ft. Calhoun, Neb.; Conard, 
W. J., General Missionary in Minn.; Craig, John 
E., Farnam, Stockville, Neb. 

Davis, Travis, Fitzgerald, Douglas, Nichols and 
Shepherd, Ga. 

Ewing, J. N., Lovejoy, Ga. 

Francis, Henry, Minneha, Okla. 

Gibson, Nelson H., Rosehill, Ala. ; Gilbert, T. H., 
Sandy, Utah.; Graham, James M., Evangelist in Ft. 
Payne, Ala.; Graham, William H., Power«ville, Ga. ; 
Griffin, Owen A., Pearson, Mt. Green and Hasty, Ga. 

Haggblom, John R., Lake Stay, Minn. ; Hambly, 
M. C, Cheney, Wash.; Humbv, Stanley M., St. Louis, 

Jones, Winfield S., Opp, Ala. 

Kirchner, A. F. C, General Missionary in La. 

Lyle, Andrew J., Ocee, Ga. 

Newquist, Karl, General Missionary work in Minn, 
and Wis. 

fayne, George W., Columbus, Ga. ; Pound, William 
M., Surrency and Leroy, Ga. 

Ray, George W., Ft. Worth, Texas. ; Reynolds, Laur- 
eston, Clear Lake, So. Dak. 

Sandlin, Nicholas A., Seney, Lindale, Taylorville, 
Rockmart and Aragon, Ga. ; Scholl, Louis E., Brighton 
Beach, Wash.; Start, Harry A., Clackamas, Ore. 

Tillman, William H., Americus, Leslie, Hawkins- 
ville and Sibley, Ga. ; Turner, Joseph W., Carney, Okla. 

Vavrina, Vaclar, St. Louis, Mo. 

Wilson, Homer L., Potterville, Taylor and Macon 
Co., Ga. ; Wright, Turner, Fredonia, Ala. 


Alderson, John, Winfred, So. Dak. ; Anderson, Emil 
A., Sandstone, Minn.; Andrew, Ernest E., Bakers- 
field, Cal. ; Asadoorian, Avedis M., Iroquois and 
Osceola, So. Dak. ; Avery, Oliver P., Deadwood, So. 

Kabcock, J. M., Vernal and vicinity, Utah.; Baird, 
Corry S., Kansas City, Mo.; Baker, George, Chris- 
topher, Wash. ; Baskerville, Mark, West Spokane, 
Wash.; Bates, John M., Bryant, So. Dak. ; Bente, 
O. IL.Lawton, Okla.; Bickford, Levi P., Kidder, Mo. ; 
Burdett, Miss Ella, General Missionarv in Kansas City, 
Mo. ; Burnett, William, Oak Lake, Wash. ; Bushnell, 
Charles W., Granite Falls, Wash. ; Brady, Alexander, 
Marysville, Wash.; Brewer, William F., General Mis- 
sionary in Ga. ; Brooks, J. II., Collbran, Colo. ; Brown, 
Paul W., Joplin, Mo. 

Chapin, Miss S. A., Red Cliff, Colo. ; Clarke, Almon 
T., Ft. Pavne, Ala.; Cleveland, Henrv C, Lusk 
and Manville, Wyo. ; Cooley, Canfield T., Tolt, Wash. ; 
Crabtree, Allan, Sherman, Texas.; Cram, Delbert W., 
Valdez, Alaska. 

Walton, John Z., Oklahoma City, Okla. ; Day, Rich- 
ard C, Fairhaven, Wash. ; Dazey, J. C, West Guthrie, 
Okla. ; Dodd, Arthur C, Bloomington and Rialto, Cal. 

Edwards, Jchnathan, Pendleton, Ore. 

Farr, John T., Columbus, Ga.; Fisher, J. B., Gen- 
eral Missionary in La.; Fisher, Jesse L., Curtis, 
Neb. ; Fleming, Moses G., Colbert, Rock Fence, Dan- 
ielsville and Hartwell, Ga. ; Forrester, James C, 
Hoschton, Cobelle and Oxford, Ga. ; Foster, Guy, 
Council, Idaho.; Fowler, Olin L., Alderton, McMillin 
and Orting, Wash. 

Gavlik, Andrew, Duquesne, Penn. ; Gilmore, William 
C, Valley Springs, So. Dak. ; Griffith, William, Marion 
and Litchville, No. Dak.; Guernsey, H. H., \inita, 
Ind. Ter. 

Haggquist, Frank G., Wood Lake and Doctors 
Lake, Wis.; Harris, Thomas B., Ft. Valley, Ga.; 
Hendley, Harry B., Steilacoom, Wash. ; Hevse, Henry 
E., Leadville, Colo.; Hill, Thomas H., Port Angeles, 
Wash. ; Hogen, B. M., Milford, Utah. ; Home, Gideon, 
Cochran and Lifsey, Ga. ; Hoy, Miss Jeannie, Otis, 
Colo.; Hughes, William A., Edison, Wash.; Hutchins, 
A. W., General Missionarv in Atlanta, Ga. ; Hutton, 
Milton L., Blain, Wash. 

Ireland, Edw. S., Lopez Island, Wash. 

Jamarik, Paul, General Missionary in Penn. , James, 
Horace P., North Yakima, Wash.; Jenkins, John J., 
Rendham, Penn.; Jenny, E. W., Winona, Minn.; 
Johnson, B. 0., Du Bois, Penn. ; Jones, Harry H., 
Buford, Ga.; Jones, John D., Dayton, Wash.; Jones, 
John E., Harvey, No. Dak.; Jones, Hugh W., Delta, 

Kaufman, Robert E., Pueblo, Colo. ; King, Chris- 
topher C, Tucker, Braswell, Meadow, Nicajack, Den- 
woody and Seney, Ga. ; King, Willet D., Hyannis, 
Neb.; Knudson, .Albert L., Rosalia, Wash. 

Larsen, Anton, Jamestown and North Western 
Penn.; Lavender, James M., New Castle, Colo.; 
Leppert, David, Huntington, Ore. ; Lewis, John 
M., Kirkland, Wash.; Locke, Robert L., Cedartown 
and North Rome, Ga. ; Ludlum, Headly 0., El 
Reno, Okla. 

lUcColl, R. J., Republic, Mo.; Marts, William G., 
Brainerd, Minn. ; Mason, Charles E., Mt. Horn, Idaho.; 
Matthews, James T., Plymouth, Penn.; Mercer, 
Henry W., Bellevue, Wash.; Merrill, Harry E., San 
Jacinto, Cal. ; Mills, C. L., Indianapolis, Ind. ; Moncol, 
Andrew, Stockdale, Penn.; Moore, Mark E., Letcher, 
Firesteel and Bethel, So. Dak. ; Morgan, Richard 
J., West Tampa, Fla. ; Morris, Maurice B., Minne- 
apolis, Minn.; Morse, Morris W., Ferndale and 
Pleasant Valley, Wash. 

Nelson, A. G., Chandlers Valley, Penn.; Newton, 
Howell E., Gilmore, Stratham and Minerva, Ga. 

Orr, James B., Wallace, Idaho. 

Painter, Harry M., Almira and Beulah, Wash. ; Par- 
ker, Robert H., Machias and Hartford, Wash. ; Pease, 
William P., Leavenworth, Wash.; Peterson, Samuel, 
Culdrum, Minn. ; Pettigrew, Julius D., Sunnyside, 
Wash.; Philbrook, Charles E., Sylvan, Wash. 

Quattlebaum, Wilks H., Wenona and Williford, Ga. 

Reid, Matthew D., Compton, Cal.; Riley, William 
W., Saticoy, Cal. ; Rogers, Robert W., Weiser, Idaho; 
Rogers, William 0., Pond Creek, Okla. ' 

Scoggin, Alexandria, T., Atlanta, Ga. ; Self, Will- 
iam 0., Clio, Catalpa and Linwood, Ala. ; Shockley, 
Albert D., Badger and Hetland, So. Dak.; Simmons, 
Daniel A., Bonifay, Potolo and Westville, Fla.; 
Simpkin, Peter A., Salt Lake City, Utah.; Smith, C. 
W., Flagler, Arriba, Bovina, Thurman, Fondis and 
Ramah, Colo.; Smith, George A., Austell, Hiram, 
Douglasville and Dallas, Ga.; Smith, G. E., Winthrop 
and Gibbon, Minn.; Smith, Green N., Baxley, Rich, 
Waycross, Ga. 

Taylor, Horace J., Anacortes, Wash.; Taulbee, 
James M., Manchester, Okla.; Thayer, O. F., Ward- 
ner, No. Idaho.; Thing, M. J. P., Lake Benton, 
Minn. ; Totusek, Vincent, Begonia, Va. 

Valdez, Cayetano D., Ybor City, Fla. 

Walters, Thomas W., Spokane, Wash.; Wells, 
Charles W., Roy, Wash. ; Whalley, John, Wagner, 
So. Dak. ; Wheeler, Charles T, Kansas City, Mo. ; 
White, William D., Greenville, Ga. ; Whitmore, Orin 
B., Natchez Valley, Wash.: Wilkerson, William, Wil- 
sonville, Ga.; Woodcock, Thomas J., Elk Point, So. 
Dak.; Wright, William E., Frostburg, Md. 




July, 1903 

Not in commission last year. 

Alexander, Karl B., McHenry and Larrabee, No. 
Dak.; Anderson, Charles M., Michigan City, Ind.; 
Anderson, Sam'l, Omaha, Neb. 

Hartunek, Miss Antonia, McKeesport, Penn.; 
Blomberg, C. R. A., Glenwood, Wis.; Breck, Charles 
A., Birmingham and Gate City, Ala.; Byers, Ralph 
C, Piatt Valley, Colo. 

Cheatwood, William A., Bellevue, Ga. ; Coyle, 
Thomas, Douglas, Alaska 

Davies, George H., Hillsboro, No. Dak.; Davis, T., 
Nicholas, Douglas, Shepherd and Fitzgerald, Ga. 

Cerry, N. A., New Brighton, Minn.; Griffin, Owen 
A., Naylor, Ga. 

Haecker, M. C, Chickaska, Ind. Ter. ; Hannant, 
Morrison E., Clear Lake, So. Dak.; Hilson, Lewis, 
Fairhope and Sonara, Ala. ; Hughes, Evan P., 
Ashland, Ore. 

Juell, H. C, Ulen and Felton, Minn. 

Kung, C. C, Meadow, Braswell, Buford and 
Tucker, Ga. 

McCoy, Clifford C, Vinton, La. ; Martin, John J., 
Binger, Okla. ; Meserve, Marshall W., Paonia, Colo.; 
Mirick, Edward A., West Duluth, Minn. 

>ewton, H. E., Bolton, Ga.; Oftedal, Christ, Gen- 
eral Missionary in No. Dak. and Minn. ; Osten-Sacken, 
F., Polar, Wis. 

Posey, Rufus P., Tidmore, Newton "and Tidwell, 

Kead, J. L., Littleton, Colo.; Reeve, Miss Emily 
A., Forest and Union, Okla.; Robinson, James A., 
Aragon, Ga. 

Semple, John, Hydro and Independence, Okla.; 
Skorepa, Miss Mary, Crete, Neb.; Smith. George 
A., Aiibtel, Douglasville, Hiram, Powder Springs 
and Dallas, Ga. ; Swenson, Frank O., Lockwood, 
Wash, and Coeur d'Alene District, Idaho. 

Thieme, Karl F., North Enid, Okla.; Tillman, 
William H., Americus, Cordele, Leslie and Hawkins- 
ville, Ga. 

Van Arsdale, Charles N., Hurdsfield, No. Dak. 

Warner, William J., Indianapolis, Ind.; Williams, 
E, M., Hermosa, So. Dak.; Windroos, Thomas P.., 
Anamoose, No. Dak.; Wilson, Homer L., Fort Val- 
ley, Ga. 


Anderson, Otto, Redondo Beach, Cal.; Andress, 
John H., Chadron, Neb. 

Barney, Wm. F., Little Ferry, N. J.; Bayne, John 
J., Geddes, So. Dak.; Bloom, K. J., Clear Lake. 
Wis.; Boiler, Benjamin F., Los Angeles, Cal.; 
Buttram, Elijah A., Esto and Caryville, Fla. 

Cain, Francis E., Hayden, Colo. ; Campbell, Charles, 
Pensacola, Fla.; Clark, A. L., Cedar Grove, N. J. 

Danford, James W., North Branch, Minn.; Deni- 
son, George B., Cando, No. Dak.; Dreisbach, Charles 
H., Lake Preston, So. Dak.; Drew, Charles E., 
Harmony, Okla. 

Farley, Curtis F... Addison, Houston and Arley, 
Ala.; Finger, Charles F., General Missionary in So. 
Dak.; Fisk, Pliny B., Lake Henry and Drakola, 
So. Dak.; Fletcher, John, Newport, Wash. 

Oales, Thomas P., Robinson, Utah; Gier, Leon E., 
Julesburg, Colo.; Goodwin, Sam'l H., Provo City, 
Utah; Graham, R. N., Center and Addison, Neb.; 
Graham, William H., Sycamore. Ga.; Gray, S. H., 
Washburn, No. Dak.; Griffith, W., Wibaux, Mont., 
and Sentinel Butte, No. Dak. ; Groz, John D., 
Michigan City, Ind. 

Hadden, James F. , Doerun, Ga.; Heald, Josiah 
H., Missionary work in New Mex. ; Heghin, Samuel 
S., Pierre, So. Dak.; Henderson, Thomas H., South 
Bend, Wash.; Henry, F. E., Omaha, Neb.; Henry, 
James A., Eureka Junction, Wash.; Hill. Charles 
F., Coal Bluff, Ind.; Hunt, W.'S., Web.-ter, So. Dak. 

Jones, James L., Henry and Brantford, So. Dak.; 
Johnson, Willy N., Long Beach, W T ash. 

Lamphear, Walter E., De Smet, So. Dak.; Larke, 
Edmund, Berthold, No. Dak.; Lewis, John, Detroit, 
Mich.; Long, Charles W., Gage, Ind. ; Lyman, Har- 
vey A., Rock Springs, Wyo. 

MacCarthy, Joseph P., Helena, Mont.; Mason, 
Harry E., Medical Lake, Wash.; Miller, Henry 
G., Jerome, Ariz. ; Miller, Louis, Holley and 
Destin, Fla.; Milstead, Charles A., Deatsville, Light- 
wood, Lomax Mountain Springs and Clanton, Ala.; 
Mlynarik, Miss Barbara, Charleroi and Vicinity, 
Penn. ; Moya, Jesus M., Los Ranchos de Atrisco, New 

Nelson, Andrew P., General Missionary in North 
West, Minn.; Nelson, Gustav W., Albany, Ore. 

Ohleen, Joel P., Aberdeen, W r ash. ; Olson, Anton, 
Swanville, Minn.; Owens, Edmund, Pataha City 
and Pomeroy, Wash. 

Parsons, H. W., Burtram and Grey Eagle, Minn. ; 
Paulu, Anton, Vining. Iowa; Payne, G. W., Colum- 
bus, Ga. ; Pearson, John L., San Diegc, Cal.; Perry, 
Augustus C, Dawsonville, Ga. ; Peterson, Karl I'.., 
East Orange, N. J. 

Beese, John B., Templeton, Anina and Wessing- 
ton Springs, So. Dak.; Reid, Francis W., El Paso 
de Robles, Cal. 

Sanderson, Alexander B., Collbran, Colo. ; Sheaffl 
R. L., Anadarko, Okla.; Smith, Charles W., Getche, 
and Dazey, No. Dak.; Stahl, Karl L., Ciete, Neb.; 
Storm, Julius E., Plymouth, Neb.; Strohecker, John, 
St. Paul, Minn. 

Taylor, Thomas A., Granville and Riga, No. 
Dak.; Thirlowav, Timothy, Relle Fourche, So. Dak.; 
Trcka, Charles J., St. Paul, Minn. 

Vaughan, Lewis B., Forman, No. Dak. 

AYarner, Alexander C, Green River, Wyo.; Weage. 
Edward D., Columbia. Wash.; Y\ ilbur. Geoige H., 
Sprague, Wash.; Williams, David T., Indianapolis, 
Ind.; Williams, Miss Fannie B., Alvaretta and 
Springdale, Okla. 

Young, William E., Kalama, Wash. 


June, 1903 

For account of receipts by State Auxiliary Societies, 

see page 226. 
MAINE— $5.50. 

Alfred, $5.50. 

Meriden, 11; Wilton, 2nd, in full, to const. Mrs. 
H. I. Russell an H. L. M., 36.78. 
VERMONT— §505.27. 

Vermont Domestic Miss. Soc, bv J. T. Ritchie, 
Trea^., 44.50; Eennington, 2nd, 40; East St. Johns- 
burv, 3rd, 8.65; Middleburv, J. M. Bovee, 1; Peach- 
am, 39; Stockbridge, T. S. 'Hubbard, 5. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs C. H. Thompson, 
Treas. Barton, 5; C. E., 6; Barnet, 7; Barre, 
Ladies' Union, 10; Bennington, 2nd, 10; No. C. E., 
5; Berkshire, East, (i; Brandon, 10; Brattleboro, 
W. L. B. S.. 14; Bristol, 4; Brookfield, C. E., 5; 
Burlington, l>t, 11; Coll. St., 20; Cambridge, 9.10; 

Cornwall, 22.02; Danville, 5; Essex Junction, Op- 
portunity Circle, 5; Glover, W., 9; Grafton, Mission 
Circle, 5; Hardwick, E., 7; Jerico, Cen., 10: New- 
burv, 5; Norwich, 1.50; Pittsford, 30; C. E., 5; 
Post Mills, C. E., 2; Randolph, 10; Rutland, 12.50; 
W., 4.72; Rupert, 10; Springfield, 12.61; C. E., 6; 
St. Albans, 21; Coll. at Co. Conference, 4.15; St. 
Johnsbury, No. Ch. S. S., 26.54; So., 2S; Cen. C. E., 
3; East, Margaret Miss. Soc, 6; Swanton, 15; 
Vershire, C. E., 1; Waitsfield, Rome Circle, 12; 
Winooski, 5.60; "Friends," 20.38. 

Total S427.12 

MASSACHUSETTS— 52,108.34; of which legacies, 

Mass. Home Miss. Soc, by Rev, E. B. Palmer, 
Treas., 1,000; By request of donors, 10. 

Total $1,010 



Boston, H. Fisher, 2.50; Bridgewater, Central 
Square, 30.60; Charlestown, 1st, 150; Dracut, Cen- 
tral, 5.93; Fitchburg, "Life Member," 5; Gilbert- 
ville, Mission Circle, 20; Newburyport, Whitefield 
Ch., 15.99; Northamoton, EstatP of H. L. Edwards, 
100; Edwards, 70.60; Dorcas Soc, 1st, 75; North 
Wilbraham, Grace t T nion, 15.26; Southampton, 
45.40; South Natick, M. L. Brown, 5; Springfield, 
Estate of Levi Graves, 40; Dr. S. D. Brooks, 10; 
C. E., Hope Ch., 5; Taunton, E. F. Delano, 10; 
Westford, Union, 33; West Medway, 2nd, 18.56; 
Woman's H. M. Assoc, Miss L. D. White, Treas., 

CONNECTICUT— $2,140.49; of which legacies, 

Ansonia, 24; L. W. Anschutz, 50; Bristol, Legacy 
of Miss Elizabeth G. Bronson, 500; Brooklyn, 
Estate of Mrs. M. W. Talbot, 200; Connecticut, "A 
Friend," 300; Cornwall, Estate of S. C. Beers, 95.62; 
Greenwich, C. E., 2nd, 15; North, 9.57; Hadlyme, 
R. E. Hungerford, 400; Hartford, 4th, 44; Farm- 
ington Avenue, to const. Miss .1. L. Coomes an 
H. L. M., S8.38: Warburton Chapel S. S., 22.90; 
Jewett City, 7.76; Meriden, Center, 50; Mianus, 
M. W. Brown, 1; Milford, 1st, 3.40; New Haven, 
Ladies' H. M. Soc, 1st, 112.50; Dwight Place Bible 
School, 26; Friends, special, 31.36; Putnam, 2nd, 
50.40; Roxbury, 17.69; Salisbury, W. B. H. M., 
15.30; Torrington, Mrs. C. R. Hine, 1; Vernon 
Center, 23.72; Woodstock, 1st, S. S., 5.50. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. W. W. Jacobs, Treas. 
Coll. at annual meeting, 26.56; North Haven, 
Woman's Christian Temperance Union, 5; Kensing- 
ton, Sectional Meeting, 10; Northfield, 3.83. 

Total $45-39 

NEW YORK— $949.15; of which legacy, $284.31. 

Brooklyn, Willoughby Avenue S. S., branch of 
Clinton Avenue, 35; Baiting Hollow, SS.86; Calver- 
ton Ch., $1.80; Binghamton, Mrs. E. Taylor, 10; 
Brooklyn, Park Ch. and S. S., 10.45; E. W. B., "In 
Memoriam," special, 5; Buffalo, Fitch Memorial, 13; 
Canandaigua, 56; Gloversville, 122.56; Moravia, 
Estate of L. Stoyell, 284.31; New York City, Man- 
hattan, 154.94; North Lawrence, Miss A. Williams, 
5; Phoenix, C. E., 5; Plainfield Center, Welsh, 7.50; 
Poughkeepsie, 1st, 95; Riverhead, 12.64; Walton, 
1st, 71.08; Watertown, Emmanuel, 11.26; West 
Bangor, Mr. and Mrs. T. Adams, 20; West Winfield, 
Immanuel, 19.75. 
NEW JERSEY— $237.15. 

East Orange, Free Swedish, 2.50; Glen Ridge, 
164.59; Little Ferry, German, 0; Paterson, Auburn 
St., 7; Vineland, 8; 

Woman's H. M. Union of the N. J. Assoc, Mrs. 
G. A. L. Merrifield, Treas. Plainfield, 1st, 50.06. 


Allegheny City, C. E. Vanzant, 5: Braddock, 1st. 
and S. S., 25; Coaldale, 2nd, 6- Du Bois, Swedish, 
3.30; East Smithfield, 13.55; Spring Creek, 3.50; 
Warren, Scand. Bethlehem, 3.53: Welsh Hill, 
Bethel S. S., 4.93. 

Montreat, 5. 
GEORGIA— $11.00. 

Duluth, Mission, 5; Meansville, 5. 

Woman's Missionary Union, Mrs. E. L. Johnson, 
Treas., 1. 

ALABAMA.— 75 cents. 

South Calera, .75. 
LOUISIANA— $2.00. 

New Orleans, University, 2. 
FLORIDA— $40.65. 

Mt. Dora, C. E., 5; Orange City, 8.57; Ormoid, 
TTnion, 25; Ybor City, Emanuel, 2.08. 
OKLAHOMA— $9.42. 

Altona, Beulah, 4.42; Kingfisher, 5. 
NEW MEXICO— $10.00. 

Albuquernue, 1st, 10. 
TENNESSEE— $10.00. 

Nashville, Union Ch., Fisk University, 10. 
OHIO— $39.00. 

Garret ^sville, Mr. and Mrs. H. N. Merwin, 10; 
Genoa, A Friend, 5; Windham, 24. 
INDIANA— $44.28. 

Lowell, Mrs. E. N. Morey, 5; Michigan City, Ger- 
man Immanuel, 6.25; Portland, Liber Mem., 2.02; 
Liber, 1.01. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. A. D. Davis, Treas. 
Indianapolis, Mayflower, S. S., 10; Terre Haute, 1st, 

Total $30 

ILLINOIS— $20.00. 

Illinois, A Friend, 5. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mis. M. S. Booth, Treas. 
Elgin, 1st, Woman's Guild, 15. 

MISSOURI— $50.95. 

St. Louis, Reber Place, 4.96; S. S., 6.47; Spring- 
field, 1st, 39.52. 
WISCONSIN— $5.15. 

Clear Lake, Swedish, 2.15; Clinton, 3. 
IOWA— $751.44. 

Iowa Home Miss. Soc, by J. H. Merrill, Treas., 
709.56; for May, 27.95; Newburg, 1st, 3.33; Water- 
loo, C. E., 5; Winthrop, W. M. S. for Bohemian 
Work, 5. 
MINNESOTA— $526.48. 

Received by Rev. G. R. Merrill, D.D: Big Lake, 
7.72; Minneapolis, 1st, 56.50; Pilgrim, 102.11. 
Plymouth, 150; R. T. Elwell, 1; Northfield, Easter 
Offering, 53.33; Ortonville, 18; Rochester, 1st 50; 
Sleepy Eye, 25; St. Anthony Park, 25.19; Starbuck, 
4.25. Received by Rev. A. Clark: Backus, 2.20; 
Guthrie, .73; Hackensack, 3.10; Mcintosh, 2. Cass 
Lake, 4.35; Ceylon, 1st, 2; Fertile, 5; Fosston, 2,50; 
Kasota, Scand., 2; Morristown, 8; Winona, 1.50. 
NEBRASKA— $257.59. 

Received by H. A. Snow, Treas.: Aurora, 33.16- 
Beemer, 5.60; Blair, 10.50; Bloomfield, 8; Clarks 
2.60; David City, 20.71 ; Norfolk, 50; Spencer, 6.06; 
Springfield, 16.33; Ulysses, 10.26; West Point, 3.55; 
York, 20. 

Total $186.77 

Less expense .35 

Ainsworth, 1st, 23; Alliance, German, .95; Inland 
.55; Crete, German, 10; Hallam, German, 4.58 
Holdrege, 2.40; Lincoln, 2; Salem, German, 15 
Omaha, Saratoga, 10; Spencer, 1st, 2.69. 
NORTH DAKOTA— $33.55. 

Received by Rev. G. J. Powell: Abercrombie, 
1.65; Caledonia, 3.12; McLean Co., Bethlehem Ger- 
man, 6.93; Ebenezer German, 1.88; Wells Co., 
Eigenheim German, 6.32. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. J. M. Fisher, Treas. 
Cathay, 5.65; Dickinson, 5; Wahpeton Conference, 
Ladies, 3. 

Total $ I3 .6 5 

SOUTH DAKOTA— $42.75. 

Armour, 7; Belle Fourche, 1st, 15; Brookings, 
S. S. Goodale, 2; Lake Preston, 4.75; Lebanon and 
Lebanon Springs, 4; Sioux Falls, German, 10. 
COLORADO— $213.28. 

Received by Rev. H. Sanderson: Denver Assoc, 
2.10; Eastern Assoc, 1.35; Harmon, 1; Manitou' 
Girls' Miss. Club, 3.65; Platte Valley, 3.10; Western 
Assoc, 3.30. Received by Rev. M. E. Eversz, D.D. : 
Overland, German, 7; Wedding Coll., 1.60. Re- 
ceived by Rev. W. C. Veazie: Colorado Springs, 2nd 
22.40; Littleton, 1- Fort Collins, German, 2 48- 
Rocky Ford, 6.30; Garfield Creek, 10; Montrose, Ch ' 
20.50; S. S., 3; C. E., 1.50. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Miss I. M. Strong, Treas 
Boulder, 34.50; Denver, Plymouth, 50; Villa Park', 
8.50; Longmont, 25; Lyons, 5. 

Total $123.00 

WYOMING— $1.00. 

Wheatland, Rev. G. W Crater, 1. 

CALIFORNIA— $239.30. 

Received by Rev. J. L. Maile: Pasadena, Lake 
Ave., 6.16; San Diego, 2nd, 6; Received by Rev 
A. B. Case: Hyde Park, F. B. Clark, 5; Los Angles! 
Rev. H. P. Case, 5; Miss S. Endieott, 6; Pico 
Heights, 5; Pomona, Pilgrim, 15. Received by Rev. 
M. E. Eversz, D.D., German: Fresno, Zions Ger- 
man, 12; German Ch. of the Cross, 16; Alpine and 
Dehesa, 9.50; Lemon Grove, La Massa and Spring 
Valley, 7.50; Los Angles, 3rd, 8.44; Ontario, Bethel 
132.70; Paso Robles, Plymouth, 5. 



OREGON— $44.99. 

Received by Rev. M. E. Eversz, D.D: Cedar Mills, 
A. Reichen, 20 ; Portland, Ebenezer German, 11.65; 
Stafford, W. Shatz, 5; Cedar Mills, German, 2.50; 
Pendleton, 1st, 2.50; Portland, 3.34. 
WASHINGTON— $88.81. 

Aberdeen, Swedish, 2.25. Received by Rev. M. E. 
Eversz, D.D: Endicott, German, 4.45; Odessa, 
Pilger, 11.50; Zions German, 3; Ritzville, Immanuels 
Crab Creek, 5; Salem, German, 4.80; Zions Ger- 
man, 33; Seattle, German, 8; Kalama, 1st, 1; 
Lopez Island 11.31; Spokane, Swedish Miss.. 2.50; 
Sunnvside, Pilgrim, 2. 


Contributions $7,345.95 

Legacies 1 ,219.93 


Interest 2,090.40 

Home Missionary 211.47 

Literature .25 

Books 30.05 

Advertising 24.06 

Receipts in June, 1903. 
Rev. Edwin B. Palmer, Treasurer. 

Agawam, Feeding Hills, 14; Belchertown, 13.53; 
Boston, A Friend, 50: A Friend, "W," 50; Am.Cong'l 
Assoc., Rent Rebate, 113.16; Boylston, 13.75; 
Dorchester, 2nd, A Friend, 5: Harney, Mrs., 5; Ital- 
ians, 10; Neponset, Trinity, 13.40; Our Country, 
22.50; Cambridge, Pilgrim, 29.02; Danvers, Maple 
St., 16.43; Dover, 19.11; Essex North Conf., 12; 
Essex, 18.72; Finns, 21.33; Fitchburg, Rollstone, 
59.37; Framingham, Plymouth, 63.23; South, 
Grace, 109.84; Franklin, 16.87; Gloucester. Bethanv 
Chapel, 7.91; West (for Taft service), 30; Great 
Barrington, Bible-school, 10* Groton, Union, 76.91; 
Hale, E. J. M., fund, Income of, 50; Hamilton, 24.37; 
Haverhill, Ward Hill, 50; West, 8; Holbrook, Win- 
throp, to const. Rev. W. W. Dornnn, B.D., a L.M., 
50; Hubbardston, Williamsville, Winsor, A. A., 10; 
Kansas, Proceeds of real estate, 12.82; Kingston, 10; 
Lawrence, Swedes, 7.70; Lynnfidd, South, Ladies' 
Miss. Soc, 10; Maid n, Map. Swede, 5; Marshfield, 
Hills, Ladies' Bible Class, 3; Medfcrd, West, 13.50; 
Melrose, Highlands, 18.55; "M. H.," to const, fund, 
500; Monson, 60.40; Newburyport, Prospect St. (of 
wh. 10 from Miss S. E. Sticknev), 10.50; Northamp- 
ton, Florence, 21.33; Northboro, Evan., 52.38; Nor- 
wegians, 7.73; Norwood, 48.69; Oxford, 30; Paxtor, 
1st, 5.72; Peabody, South, 180; Peru, 7.50; Peters- 
ham, Dawes, Miss E. B., 100; Pittsfield, 1st, 39.41; 
Quincy, Wash. St., 10; Randolph, 135; Rockland, 
1st, C. E. S., 5.49; Rowley, Smith, David E., est. of 
5,081.11; Sharon, 28.90; Shrewsbvry, 15; fScmerville, 
Friend, 5; South Hadley, 1st, 26.50; Springfield, 
Olivet, 19.00; Taunton, Union, 28.57; Upton, 10.50; 
Wakefield, 25.47; Wall fund, Income of, 10; Ware, 
East (addl.), 50; Watertown, Phillips, 63; West- 
hampton, T. N. T., 15; Westminster, C. E. S., 5; 
West Newbury, 1st, 8.30; 2nd, S. S., 5; Westprrt, 
Pac. Un. S. S., 14.55; Whitcomb, David, fund, In- 
come of, 80.80; Whitney Fund, Income of, 200; 
Williamstown, 1st, 172.44; Winchester, 1st, 205.51; 
Worcester, Park, 21.33; Piedmont, 29; Pilgrim, 
128.80; Plymouth, 244.27. 

Woman's Home Missionary Association, by Miss 
Lizzie D. White, Treasurer, towards salary of Mrs. 
May, of the Italian Mission, 35. 

Regular $8,781.88 

W. H. M. A 3-\00 

Home Missionary 2.95 

Total $8,819.83 

Receipts in June, 1903. 
Ward W. Jacobs, Treas., Hartford. 
Ansonia, German, 6; Branford, 37; Bridgeport, 
1st ,52.93; 2nd, A Friend, 50; A Friend for C. H. M. S., 
50; Swedish, 8; Canterbury, 2.50; Chaplin, for 
C. H. M. S., 10; Clinton, 1st, 51.40; Eastford, 17.90; 
East Haddam, 1st, A Friend, 2; East Norwalk, Swed- 
ish, 3.50; Exeter, 18.00; Falls Village, 2.84 ; Rev. 
J. L. Evans, personal, 2; Georgetown, Swedish, 4; 
Hartford, 1st, 154.00; for C. H. M. S., 99.89; Mis. 
Edward A. Smith, personal, 100; Herbert Knox 
Smith, personal, 100; Ernest Walker Smith, rjer- 

sonal, 100; 4th, 10; Glenwood, 4.11; Kent, 2.30; 
Meriden, Center, 25; Naugatuck, Swedish, 5; New 
Haven, Humphrey St., 95.10; South •Britain, 15; 
South Canaan, 8; Terryville, 78.75: Unionville, S. 
Richards, personal, 25; Watertown, 72.25; Sunday 
School, 18.14; West Hartford, Sunday School, 14.40; 
Wethersfield, 27.19; Windsor, 1st, 12.50; Winsted, 
1st, 59.50; 2nd 100; W. C. H. M. U. of Conn., 2.50. 

Total $1,454.02 

M. S. C $1,294.13 

C. H. M. S. . . 159.89 


Receipts in June, 1903. 
Clayton S. Fitch, Treasurer, 
Fourth Ave. and 22nd St., New York. 
Albany, 1st, 161.09; Tallman, 2; Spring Vallev, 
2.13; Clayton, S. S., 2.70; Black River and St. Law- 
rence Association, 9.73; Fredonia, estate of Abi- 
gail Moody, by J. M. Moodv, Adr., 22. 

Total ' S189.92 

Receipts in June, 1903. 
Rev. J. G. Fraser, Treasurer. 
Ashtabula, Finnish, 3; Austinburg, 10.50; Cleve- 
land, Kinsman St., ,25; Hough Av., 35.35; Elvria, 
1st, 12; Gomer, to const. Evan Meredith, II. L. M. 
54; Granville, 5.50; Hartford, S. S., 9: Marietta, l>t, 
134.36; Rainbow Branch, 5.64; Mt. Vernon, 2S; 
Oberlin, 1st, "Concrete Needs," 25; Olmsted, 2nd 
20; Strongsville, 18; Zanesville, H. J. Haskell, 5. 


Ashtabula, 1st, W. G., 10; Austinburg, W. M. S., 13; 
Credo, West Va., L. M. C, 2.50; Cleveland, 1st, 
W. M. S., 6; Euclid Av., Y. L., 7.25; Madison Av., 
W. M. S., 4.60; Collinwood, W. M. S., 2.40; Grafton; 
W. M. S., 2.50; Jr. C. E., 46; Kent, W. M. S., .80, 
Lyme, W. M. S., 5.50; Marysville, 0. E., 3; North 
Ridgeville, W. M. S.. 2.50; C. E., 3.80; Oberlin, l>t. 
W. M. S., 10; Sheffield, W. M. S., 2; Springfield, 
Lagonda A v., W. M. S., 5; Jr. C. E. 1 ; Toledo, Wash- 
ington St., W. M. U., 12.19; Plymouth, W. G., 6; 
Zanesville, 1st, W. M. S., 3. 


Cleveland, Mizpah Chapel 2 (Coll.); Mt. Ver- 
non, 6. 

Total $501.85 

Receipts in May. 
Rev. Jchn P. Sanderson, Treasurer, Lansing. 

Bav City, 10; S. S., 10; Cadillac, 1; Charlotte, 30; 
Detroit, 1st. 400; Drummond S.S. Inf. Class, .50; 
Linden, 5; Michigan Center, 9.25; Richmond, S. S., 
2.58; West Adrian, 15.50; W. H. M. U. of Mich., 

Total $538.83 

Receipts in June. 
Ann Arbor ,83. 39; Big Rock,. 50; Breckenridge, 5; 
Cedar Run, .50; Chassell 4; Helena, 5; Kalamazoo, 
Bible School, 12; C. E., 8; Ltiddington, S. S., 6.44; 
Michigan Center, .25; New Baltimore, 2; Rondo, 
5.82; Saginaw, 1st, C. E., 0; South Lake Linden 
W. M. U., 5; Stanton, 25.25; Standish, 5; White 
Rock, 2.10. 

Total $176.31 

W. H. M. U. OF MICH. 
Mrs. E. F. Grabill, Treasurer. 
Ann Arbor, W. H. M. S., 45; Bay City, W. A., 
10.25; Cheboygan, W. H. M. S., 20; Delhi, Aux.. 5; 
Detroit, 1st, Worn. Ass'n, 45; Grass Lake, W. M. S., 
10; Interest, 120; Jackson, 1st, W. H. M. S., 25; 
Lansing, Plvm. L. S., 5; Muskegon, 1st, W. M. S., 
15; Red Jacket, W. M. S., 5.25; Somerset, W. M., S., 
5; Union City, W. H. M. S., 9.25; Wheatland, 
W. H. M. S.. 2; Young People, Ann Arbor, C. F. 20. 
Hudson, C. E., 0. 

Total $347-75 


Reported at the National Office in June, 1903. 

Bridgeport, Con., H. M. S., of West End Ch., two 
barrels, 79.42; Cedar Rapids, la., W. M. S., of 1st, 
two boxes and package, 6.50; Concord, N. H., 1st, 
box, 75; Mcntclair, N. J., Y. W. M. S. of 1st, two 
barrels and two packages, 240.41 ; Stratford, Conn., 
H. M. S. S., barrel, 82; Windsor Locks, Conn., 
L. H. M. S., barrel, 90: 

Total $585.33 



July, 1903 

For account of receipts by State Auxiliary Societies, 

see page 228. 
MAINE— $7.30. 

Bridgton, 1st, 7.30. 
NEW HAMPSHIRE— $545.74; of which legacies 

. Concord, West, 13; Hampton, C. E., 5; Hills- 
borough, Estate of Caroline M. Burnham, 257.12 
Hillsboro Bridge, 31.12; Littleton, C. E., 2.50 
Rochester, H. M. Plumer, 20; West Lebanon, 9 
West Rindge, G. G. Williams, 8; Wilton, Estate of 
Elizabeth Abbott. 200; 
VERMONT— $87.85. 

Vermont Domestic Miss. Soc, by J. T. Ritchie, 
Treas., 35.60; Manchester, 52.25. 
MASSACHUSETTS— $1,661.76; of which legacies, 

Amherst, L. Dwight Hills, 25; Chicopee, legacy of 
Eli/a H. Carter, 500; Clinton, legacy of Mrs. M. C. 
Gibbs, 100; Deerfield, A Friend, 50; Dorchester, 2d, 
96.53; Duxbury, estate of Mrs. R. R. Holmes, 100; 
East Falmouth, 6; Haverhill, M. A. Nichols, 25: 
Haydenville, 10.87; Hubbardstown, 10; Iterlaken, Mrs. 
M. C. Ford, 10; Littleton, S. S., 5; North Adams, A 
Friend. 10; Northfield, Mrs. A. M. D. Alexander, 50; 
Springfield, 1st Ch. of Christ, 5.25; South, 75; 
Whitinsville, A Friend, 25; Worcester, Estate of O. P. 
Waters, 365.11; 

Woman's H. M. Assoc, Miss L. D. White, Treas., 

Providence, Highland, 9.89. 
CONNECTICUT— $2,109.89; of which legacies, 

Miss. Soc of Conn., W. W. Jacobs, Treas., 169.39; 
Berlin, C. E., 25; Bloomfield, 5.69; Bridgeport, 
Black Rock, 46.05; Bristol, 1st, 74: Brooklyn, 
estate of M. W. Talbot, 150; Cheshire, 35.44; 
Ellington, 100 ; Farmington, 1st, 18.50 ; Greenfield 
Hill, Jr. C. E., 2; Groton, S. S., 5.14; Hartford, 
Estate of Mrs. F. B. Griswold, 10; H. E. Taintor, 
100; Ivoryton, 21.60; Madison, Miss E. A. Gray, 3; 
New London, 1st Ch. of Christ, 36.75; New Preston, 
A Friend, 2; Newtown, 7.23; North Branford, Estate 
of Luther Chedsey, 7.06; Salisbury, 31.58; South 
Norwalk, 1st, 88.69; Unionville, W. B. F. M., Aux., 
16.75; Washington, 1st, 91; Warren, 1st, 24.15; 
Westchester, 3.87; West Hartford, estate of Henry 
D. Hawley, 1,000; 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. W. W. Jacobs, Treas., 
Hartford, South S. S., 20; Norfolk, Young Ladies' 

Mission Band, 15. Total $35 

NEW YORK— $681.12. 

Angola, Miss A. H. Ames, 5; Arcade, 3.85; Bing- 
hamton, 1st. 418.95; Briarcliff Manor, 29.87; Buffalo, 
Plymouth Chapel, C. E., 5; Camden, 1st, 37; Canaan 
4-Corners, 6.14; Cortland, 1st, 41; Coventryville, 7; 
Massena Center, Mrs. E. R. Sutton, 5; New York 
City, A Friend, 50; G. S. Hickok, 25; Parishville, 
Miss. Soc, 6; Richmond Hill, Union, 21.64; River- 
head, Sound Av., 17.67; West Camden, Mrs. H. M. 
Green. 2. 
NEW JERSEY— $469.96. 

Dover, Swedes' Bethlehem, 2.46; East Orange, 
"K," 130; Jersey City Heights, C. L. Ames, 20; 
Plainfield, 42.50; Upper Montclair, Christian Union, 

Blossburg, 2d, 4; Carbondale, 1st, 4; Harford, 
S. S., 1.92; Johnstown, 1st, 8; Lansford, English, 
15; Scranton, Plymouth, 15; 

Woman's Missionary Union, Mrs. D. Howells, 
Treas., 5. 

Woman's H. M. Union of the N. J. Assoc, Mrs. G. 
A. L. Merrifield, Treas. Germantown, Penn., 1st, 
C. E., 12. 
GEORGIA— $1.00. 

Cedartown and North Rome, 1. 
, ALABAMA— $1.50. 

Henderson, Clio, Carr's Chapel, Catulpa and Lin- 
wood, 50; Kinsey, 1. 
FLORIDA— $9.62. 

Eden, 5.40; Interlachen, 2.22; Ybor City, Eman- 
uel, 2. 

TEXAS— $17.00. 

Received by Rev. L. Rees: Dallas, Ladies' Soc, 1st, 
12; Denison, 1st, 5. 

Chickasha, 1.32. 
OKLAHOMA— $38. 33. 

El Reno, Pilgrim, 2; Gage, 2.83; North Enid, 
1.50; Oklahoma City, Pilgrim, 25; Weatherford, 
German, 7. 
TENNESSEE— $35.00. 

Memphis, Strangers, 35. 
OHIO— $7.70. 

Cleveland, Arch wood Av., 7.70. 
INDIANA— $10.00. 

Gage, 10. 
ILLINOIS— $27.00. 

Delavan, R. Hoghton, 25; Payson, D. E. Rob- 
bins, 2. 
MISSOURI— $33.72. 

Green Ridge, C. E., 2.50; Snringfield, German, 
2.36; Thayer, 1st, 18; Webster Groves, 1st, 10.86. 
MICHIGAN— $1.00 

Jacobsville, Mrs. F. Baumgartner, 1. 
WISCONSIN— $34.01. 

City Point and Grand Rapids, Scands., 1.50; Clin- 
tonville and Navarino, Scands., 6.50; Curtiss, Zion 
German, 7.50; Merrill, Scand., 2; Polar, German, 
11.51; Racine, Scand. Free Miss., 5. 
IOWA— $39.62. 

Iowa Home Miss. Soc, J. H. Merrill, Treas., 39.62. 
MINNESOTA— $317.68. 

Received by Rev. G. R. Merrill, D.D. : Dawson, 
1,50; Minneapolis, 1st add 1., 10; Oak Park, 11; Ben- 
son, Pilgrim, 2.75; Dexter, 25; Erskine, 2.50; Guth- 
rie, .75; Hackensack, 1.80; Hawley, No. Pac. Conf., 
9.86; Granada, 20; Morristown, 2.70. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. A. W. Norton, Treas. 
Duluth, "Friends in Council," 10; Excelsior, 2.50; 
Lake City, 20; Mantonville, 5; Marshall, 10.80; 
Minneapolis, Lyndale, S. S., 7.64; Park Av. to const. 
Mrs. H. M. Gove an Hon. L. M., 73.14; Fifth Av. 
S. S., 10; Plymouth, S. S., 10; 1st, 4; Unity Club, 
10; Jr. League, 10; Pilgrim, 25; New Ulm, 1.50; 
Rochester, C. E., 8; St. Paul, St. Anthony Park, 
C. E., 5; Sauk Center, 1.40 ; Silver Lake, S. S. Free 
Reformed, 10; Springfield, 2; Stewart, 3.84; Wadena, 

C. E., 10. Total $239.82 

Less expense, 10 — $229.82 
NEBRASKA— $81.88. 

Alliance, German, .65; Germantown, 2; Arbor- 
ville, 11; Chadron, 25.75; Clemen, 10; Danbury, 
1st, 4.50; Germantown, German, 5.83; Grand 
Island, 1st, 2; Monroe and Wattsville, 2.50; Rokeby, 
3.50: Santee, Pilgrim, 7.65; Wymore, C. E., 6.50. 
NORTH DAKOTA— $22.19. 

Friedeus, Gemeinda, 5.26; Medina, 13; Freuden- 
thal, 3.93. 
SOUTH DAKOTA— $75.68. 

Received by Rev. W. H. Thrall: Badger, 8.20 1 
Wakonda, 4; Academy, 10.16; Duncan, 3.85; 
Pleasant Valley, 8.85; Elk Point, 17.75; S. S., 7.67; 
Lake Henry and Drakola, 1.50; Plankinton, 2; 
Wessington Springs, 5; Willow Lake, 6.70. 
COLORADO— $48. 50. 

Received by Rev. H. Sanderson, Collbran, 3; Re- 
ceived by Rev. M. E. Evertz, D.D: Globeville, 20; 
Overland, German, 8 ; Craig, C. E. 5; Denver, 
Ohio Av., 6.75; Fort Collins, German, 2.75; High- 
land Lake 6; Otis, 2. 

Total $53.50 

Less $5 erroneously reported in June from 

Garfield Creek 5 

WYOMING— $6.25. 

Buffalo, Union, 6.25. 
UTAH— $9.05. 

Lehi City, Miss. 3.50; Milford, 5.55. 
IDAHO— $21.41. 

Woman's Missionary Union, Mrs. G. AV. Derr, 
Treas. Boise, 1st, 13. Weiser, 8.41 
CALIFORNIA— $204.51. 

Received by Rev. J. L. Maile: Los Angeles, 1st, 13.39; 
Poway, 5; Romona, 15; Los Angeles, Brooklyn 
Heights, 5: West End, 5; Pomona, Pilgrim, 145.27 
Ventura, 15.85. 



OREGON— S37.S8. 

Received by Rev. C. F. Clapp: Portland, Hassalo 
St., 6.93; Ashland, 1st, 4.85; Malheur City and 
Ironsides, 4.25; Rainier, 2. 

Woman's H. M. Union, Mrs. C. F. Clapp, Treas.: 
1.85; Cowallis, 1st, 5; Portland, 1st, 13. 

Total $19.85 

WASHINGTON— .?29.96. 

Blanie, 1st, 5, Medical Lake, 8.40; Newman Lake, 
3.50; Trent, 1st, 3.56; North Yakima, 1st, 3; Quil- 
layute, 4.50; Tekoa, 2. 


Contributions $4,060.95 

Legacies 2,689.29 


Interest. 1,141.00 

Home Missionary 333.15 

Literature. .32 

Books 7.75 

For Permanent Fund 25.00 

Total $8,257.46 



Receipts in July, IQ03. 

Rev. Edwin B. Palmer, Treasurer. 
Amherst, North, 55; South, 16; Boston, Italian 
10; Roxbury, Highland, 143; West, So. Evan. 
79. X, 5; Braintree, 1st, 5; Brookline, Harvard 
119.35; Buckland, 31.37; Cambridge, 1st, S. S., 20 
Pilgrim, 14.32; Carver, North, 16; Chesterfield, 2.03 
Chicopee, 1st, 15.74; S. S., 2.76; Dedham, 1st, 87.86 
Edgartown, 16.66; Enfield, 50; Fall River, Broadway 
9; S. S.,'4; Ladies' Aid Son., 3; King's Daughters, 1 
C. E Soc., 1; Falmouth, Woods Hole, 7; Finns, 
13.19; Fitchburg, Rollstone, Jr. C. E. Soc, 3; Fox- 
boro, Phelps, Mrs. M. N., 50; Framingham, Ply- 
mouth, C. E., 5; Frost, R. S. Fund, Income of, 30; 
Georgetown, Mem'l, 12.45; Gloucester, Trinity, 50; 
Granby, Ch. of Christ, 15.07; Great Barrington, 1st, 
31.23; Greenfield, Second, 49.90; Hadley, 1st, 16.66; 
Hanson, 1st. 5.10; Haverhill, French, 10; West, 
C. E. S., 2.85; Holliston, 27.70; Ipswich, Linebrook, 
14.30; Jessup, C. A., Fund, Tncome of, 150; Lancas- 
ter, Merrick, S, R., and Miss E. F., 5; Lawrence, 
Swedes, 6.60; Leicester, 1st, 48.13; Lowell, Kirk St., 
180; Maiden, 1st, 185.18; Marion, A Friend, 1 ; New- 
buryport, North, 9.56; Bib. Sch., 1.40; Newton 
(Center), 1st, 101.16; Eliot, 220; Northampton, 1st, 
241.39; Norwegians, 5.50; Otis, 10; Palmer, Three 
Rivers, 6; Parkhurst, E. C, Fund, Income of, 15; 
Peabody, West, 7.20; Philadelphia, Penn., Harmon, 
Miss L. A., 5: Phillipston, 8; Pittsfield, 2d, 2; 
Poles, 3.58; Quincy, Park & Downs, 5; Reed, 
Dwight, Fund, Income of, 228.75; Rochester, 1st, 
19; North. 5; Rockport, 1st (of wh. 5 from Z. A. A.), 
13.06; Salem, Tabernacle, 11.47; Sandisfield, 1st, 
4.50; "Sister's" Fund, Income of, 120; Southboro 
Southville. 5; Southbridge, Globe Till. Ev. Free, 
20.70; South Hadley, 9; Springfield, Olivet, 11.30; 
South, 22.41; Sunderland, 126.50; Upton, 1st, 4.2S; 
Uxbridge, 1st Evan., 42.92; Wakefield, 29.31; Welles- 
ley Hills, 1st, 7.90; Hood, Rev. E. C. (special), 55; 
West Boylston, 8.76; "* Westfield, 2d, 43; West 

Springfield, Park St., 38.65; Whitcomb, D., Fund, 
Income of, 151.20 Whitin, J. C, Fund, Income of, 
160; Whitman, 1st, 24.56; Winchester, Tenney, 
Miss I. B., Estate of, (on ace.) 375. 
Woman's H. M. Association, Miss Lizzie D. White, 

For Mrs. Ellen May. Italian Missionary, 35. 

Regular, 3,804.51; W. H. M. A., 35; Home Mis- 
sionary, 5.60. Total $3,845.11 

Received'and reported at the rooms of the Woman's 
Home Missionary Association in June and July, 
1903. Miss L. L. Sherman, Secretary. 

Globe Village, E F. Ch. Aux., bbl., 50.72; Hyde 

Park, H. M. II., bbl., 32.25; North Amherst, North 

Ch. Aux., cash, 20; bbl., 20; Providt-nce, Union Cong. 

Ch. Aux. box, 171.35; Springfield, 1st Ch. Aux. 

bbl., 112.57; bbl., 77.91; Cash, 5; bbl., 85.71; West 

Roxbury, Boylston Ch., Aux. box, 42.10; Woburn, 

1st Cong. Ch., C. R. S., bbl., 91.40. 

Total $709.01 

Ward W. Jacobs, Treasurer, Hartford 
Receipts in July, 1903. 
Bethlehem, 26.20; Bridgeport, Black Rock, 15.35; 
Buckingham, 17.50; Deep River, Swedish, 3; Dur- 
ham, 9.50; for C. H. M. S., 9.50; East Hampton. 
1st, 9.78; East Hartford, 1st, 2.50; Falls Village, 
1.40; Farmington, 132.63; Grassy Hill, C. E., 2; 
Haddam, 1st, 9; Litchfield, 1st, C. E., 9.50; Meriden, 
1st, 250; New London, 1st, 11.71; New Milford, 
85.96; Northford, 15; Portland, 1st, 32.15; Torring- 
ton, French, 6; Trumbull, 5.75; Union, 16; West 
Avon, 20; Westford, 5; West Hartland, 5; Willing- 
ton, 5; Windsor Locks, 150. 6S. 

Total $856.11 

M. S. C $846.61 

C. H. M. S 9.50 



Receipts in July, 1903. 

Clayton S. Fitch, Treasurer. 

Black Creek, 3.40; Brooklyn Hills, 4; Farming- 

ville, 6.41; Lisbon Centre, 6; North Evans, C. E., 2; 

Rochester, 19.69; Wading River, 5.72. 

Total $47.22 


Receipts in July, 1903. 

Rev. J. G. Fraser, Treasurer. 

Bluescreek, Coll., 12.50; Cleveland, Euclid Aw, 

22.11; Pilgrim, 70; Madison Av., (2) 21.41; Trinity, 

5; Cvril, S. S., 5; Columbus, First, 150; Hudson, 

12.14; Oberlin, Second, 26.09; Parkman, 6: Troy, 

6.30; Twinsburg, 28.71; Unionville, 18.59" "A 

Friend," 10. 

Mrs. G. B. Brown, Treasurer 
Cincinnati, Lawrence St., Jr. C. E., 5; Walnut 
Hills, C. E., 2.50; Cleveland, First, W. M. S., 6; 
Columbus, Eastwood, W. M. S., 5; Mansfield, May- 
flower, W. M. S., 5; Marietta, First, W. M. 8., 35; 
C. E., 7; Rockport, W. M. S., 5. 

Cleveland, Pilgrim, 70. General, 464.35; Slavic, 
70. Total $534 35 

Congregational Home Missionary Society 

Eastern Representative 
R. A. Beard, D.D., Congregational House, Boston, Mass. 

Field Secretary 
Rev. W. G. Puddefoot, South Framingham, Mass. 


Moritz E. Eversz, D.D., German Department, 153 La Salle St., Chicago, 111. 

Rev. S. V. S. Fisher, Scandinavian Department, Minneapolis, Minn. 

Henry A. Schauffler, D.D., Slavic Department, Cleveland, Ohio. 

Edw. D. Curtis, D.D Indianapolis, Ind. Rev. G. J. Powell Fargo, N. Dak, 

Rev. S. F. Gale Jacksonville, Fla. Rev. H. Sanderson Denver, Colo. 

Geo. R Merrill, D.D Minneapolis, Minn. J. D. Kingsbury, D.D. (New Mexico, • 

Alfred K. Wray, D.D Carthage, Mo. Arizona, Utah and Idaho) 

Rev. W. W. Scudder, Jr West Seattle, Wash. Salt Lake City, Utah 

Rev. W. B. D. Gray Cheyenne, Wyo. Rev. John L. Maile Los Angeles, Ca'. 

Harmon Bross, D.D Lincoln, Neb. Rev. C. F. Clapp Forest Grove, Ore. 

Rev. A. T. Clarke Shelby, Ala. _„, , „„ f 512 Woodland Terrace, 

, , „ T. W. Jones, D.D < 

Frank E. Jenkins, D.D Atlanta, Ga. ( Philadelphia, Pa. 

Rev. Luther Rees Paris, Tex. Rev. W. S. Bell Helena, Mont. 

Rev. W. H. Thrall Huron, S. Dak. Rev. J. Homer Parker Kingfisher, Okla- 

Secretaries and Treasurers of the Auxiliaries 

Rev. Charles Harbutt, Secretary Maine Missionary Society 34 Dow St., Portland, Me. 

W. P. Hubbard, Treasurer Box 1052, Bangor, Me. 

Rev. A. T. Hillman, Secretary New Hampshire Home Missionary Society Concord, N. H. 

Alvin B. Cross, Treasurer ' " Concord, N. H. 

Charles H. Merrill, D.D., Secretary ....Vermont Domestic " St. Johnsbury, Vt. 

J. T. Ritchie, Treasurer " " St. Johnsbury, Vt. 

Rev. Joshua Coit, Secretary Massachusetts Home ( 609 Cong'I House, 

Rev. Edwin B. Palmer, Treasurer I Boston, Mass. 

Rev. J. H. Lyon, Secretary Rhode Island " Central Falls, R. I. 

Jos. Wm. Rice, Treasurer ' Providence, R. I. 

Rev. Joel S. Ives, Secretary Missionary Society of Connecticut Hartford, Conn. 

Ward W. Jacobs, Treasurer Hartford, Conn. 

Rev. C. W. Shelton, Secretary New York Home Missionary Society, Fourth Ave. and 22d St., New York 

Clayton S. Fitch, Treasurer 

J. G. Fraser, D.D. , Secretary Ohio " Cleveland, Ohio 

J. G. Fraser, D.D., Treasurer ' Cleveland, Ohio 

James Tompkins, D.D., Secretary Illinois ( 153 La Salle St., 

Aaron B. Mead, Treasurer I Chicago, 111. 

Homer W. Carter, D.D., Secretary Wisconsin ' Beloit, Wis. 

C. M. Blackman, Treasurer Whitewater, Wis. 

T. O. Douglass, D.D., Secretary Iowa Grinnell, Iowa 

J. H. Merrill, Treasurer ' Des Moines, Iowa 

William H. Warren, D.D., Secretary Michigan Lansing, Mich. 

Rev. John P. Sanderson, Treasurer Lansing, Mich. 

Rev. Henry E. Thayer, Secretary Kansas Congregational Home Missionary Society Topeka, Kan. 

H. C. Bowman, Treasurer Topeka, Kan. 

Rev. J. K. Harrison, Secretary California Home Missionary Society San Francisco, Cal. 

Geo. H. Morgan, Secretary Congregational City Missionary Society St. Louis, Mo. 

Rev. W. W. Newell, Superintendent St. Louis, Mo. 

Lewis E. Snow, Treasurer St. Louis, Mo. 

Fless & Ridge Printing Co., 213-227 West 26th Street, New York. 

The Old 

^1 Presby Hist Soc 
1319 Walnut st 


Absolutely Pure 

iy skillfully 
pure and 





Lake Shore 


All modern conveniences, electric 
lights, baths, barber shop, buffet, smok- 
ing room, booklovers' library, stenogra- 
pher, ladies' maid, observation and din- 
ing rooms. Daily each way over the 

Lake Shore 
& Michigan Southern Ry. 

in connection with New York Central 
and Boston & Albany roads. For 
"Book of Trains" or travel 
information, address 

G. P. &T. A., 

Cleveland, O. 


Thousands of people use the Lake Snore 
because of its great record in the mali ser- 
vice, and it's a good reason. 

Careful work in the operation of the 
greatest fast mail service in the world, for 
more than thirty years, has established for 
the Lake Shore, a world-wide reputation 
for safe and prompt service. 

Nineteen daily passenger trains between 
Chicago, Cleveland, Buffalo, St. Louis, 
Cincinnati, Pittsburg, New York, and Bos- 
ton have the same careful attention. 

Address undersigned about travel over 

Lake Shore 

& Michigan Southern Ry. 



50 Cents a Year 



All JL—^ 










Entered at the Postoffice at New York, N. Y., as Second-class [Mail] Matter. 



o r 


9 o 


Part First, Rev. Paul Sommerlatte 

Part Second, Miss Margaret Gold Batchelder 

Comment of The Outlook 


What It Means — Welcoming the Immigrant- 
William H. Moore 

-Dr. Thomas W. Jones — Rev. 






"The King's Bright Banners Forward Go," James H. Ross 

The Spiritual Savings of the Fathers, Simeon Gilbert 

Promiscuous Scattering, William B. Oleson 

The Home and the Church, Samuel W. Dike 

Our Duty in View of our Heritage, Charles H." Small 

Just the Right Initiative at Just the Right Time, James L. Hill 

Missions as Christ Thought of Them, Clarence F. Swift 

A Demand for Genuineness, Chester Ferris 

OUR COUNTRY'S YOUNG PEOPLE, Conducted by Don O. Shelton 
Plan a Great Work ...... 

Who Do You Say He Is ... 

The Christian Endeavor Rest at Fort Pierre, South Dakota 
The Young People's Missionary Meeting, Rev. Ernest Bourner Allen 
Prayer ......... 

Suggestion and Comment ... 


A Bit of Pastoral Experience — Won by Kindness— The Silent Protest— Grand 
Benevolent Record — Novel Experience for the Pastor — A Covenant for the Children - 
Hopeful City Mission — The Boy Problem — A Christian Endeavor Contest — Fraternal 
Co-operation in Wisconsin — Enlargement — Ups and Downs of a New Country - 
Some Things Hard to Bear 


The Missionary Call, Mrs. Dora Read ''Barber ' 
Giving — the Scripture Law, Mrs. Ida Q. Moulton 
A Little Child Shall Lead Them 







Congregational Home Missionary Society 

Cyrus Northrop, LL.D., President 
Joseph B. Clark, D.D. Washington Choate, D.D. 

Editorial Secretary Corresponding Secretary 

Don O. Shelton, Associate Secretary 
William B. Howland, Treasurer 

Executh 'e Comtti itie 

BnwiNtH. Baker, Chairman 

Rev. John De Peu 
Watson L. Phillips, D.D. 
Edward P. Lyon 
Thomas C. MacMillan 

Charges L. Beckwith Recording Secretary 

Frank L. Goodspeed, D.D. 
Sylvester B. Carter 
Gf.orgk W. Hebard 
C. C. West 

Edward N. Packard, D.D 

N McGee Waters. D.D. 

Rev. William H. Holman 

William H. Wanamaker 

S. P. Cadman, D.D. 

LEGACIES.— The following form may he used in making legacies : 

I bequeath to my executors the sum of dollars, in trust, to pay over the same in 

months after mv decease, to any person who, when the same is payable, shall act as 

Treasurer of the Congregational Home Missionary Society, formed in the City of New York, in the 

year eighteen hundred and twenty-six, to be applied to the charitable use and purposes of said 

Society, and under its direction. 

HONORARY LIFE MEMBERS— The payment of Fifty Dollars at one time constitutes an 
Honorary Life Member. 

Fourth Avknuh and Twenty second Street, New York, N. Y. 



vol. lxxvii OCTOBER, 1903 

No. 7 


As Seen At the Port of New York 


By Rev. Paul Sommerlatte 
Harbor Missionary of the Reformed Church at Ellis Island 

UPON entering the port of New- 
York any steamship must be 
brought, first of all, to the 
quarantine station on Staten Island 
for inspection. After a permit has 
been given to pass on, the ocean liner 
is met by three different Government 
boats: the United States mail boat, 
which takes off the European mail; 
the United States revenue cutter, 
which brings the customs officer on 
board to inspect the baggage of the 
passengers; and the cutter of the 
United States Immigration Service, 
with boarding officers of that depart- 

While the ocean steamer is slowly 
moving up the river to her dock, the 
inspection of the first and second 
cabin passengers is being made, and 
as soon as the pier is reached all 
cabin passengers are allowed to land 
except those who are not citizens of 
the United States and whom the 
boarding officer may want to take 
along to Ellis Island for further in- 

Any steerage passenger who can 
prove that he is a citizen of the 
United States and wishes to land 
directly at the pier may do so by per- 
mission of the boarding officer; but 
all other steerage passengers, after 
their luggage has been examined, are 
transferred by river boats and barges, 
as shown in the cut, to the landing 
place at Ellis Island, which is situated 
in the upper bay north of the Statue 
of Liberty and close to the New 
Jersey coast. 

Upon arriving at the landing place, 
the immigrants are led along the 
wharf, as seen in the illustration, and 
carrying their hand baggage they 
file up to the first floor in the main 
building. Here they are examined 
in regard to their physical condition 
by a physician, and those who seem 
to be in poor health, or show signs of 
sickness, are sent to the medical de- 
partment for further careful inspec- 
tion. Those who have passed the 
first examination are then inspected 
by two specialists in eye diseases. 

Drawn by Thomas Fogartt/ 

Reproduced bi/ special permission from The Outlook 
Copyright, 1903 



Drawn by Thomas Fogarty 

Reproduced by special permission from The Outlook 

The accompanying picture shows 
how the eyelid is turned upwards to 
ascertain whether the immigrant is 
afflicted with trachoma, the common 
contagious eye disease, and if so, he 
is not allowed to land but is held for 

After the doctors have been passed, 
the immigrants come to the matrons, 

who question the females whether 
they are married or single, and hold 
those for whom they deem further 
examination necessary. 

The party is now divided into 
groups of thirty persons, each bearing 
upon his breast a tag with a certain 
letter or number in large print. As 
soon as the members of one group 



are together, they are marched 
through a small gangway to the desk 
of an inspector, who has before him 
a list of the thirty names and the 
answers to twenty-two questions 
which have been recorded and sworn 
to as correct before a United States 
Consul at the port of departure. 

These questions relate to age, sex, 
occupation, ability to read and write, 
nationality and citizenship, last resi- 
dence, final destination, whether sup- 
plied with a ticket and by whom 
the passage was paid, whether in 
possession of fifty dollars or of how 
much, whether ever in the country 
before, names of relatives and friends 
in America, whether at any time an 
inmate of prison, almshouse, insane 
asylum, or charitable institution, 
whether a polygamist or an anarchist, 
whether induced from home by any 
offer of labor in the United States, 
and questions concerning health, 
mental and physical, including de- 
formities of body and their nature. 
All these questions are asked again; 
the answers are compared and if 
everything seems satisfactory to the 
inspector, he may allow the immi- 
grant to land by giving him a card 
with an "0. K." for New York, or if 
the place of destination has to be 
reached by railroad, he is given a 
card with "0. K. for railroad to the 

Should immigrants say that friends 
or relatives will come to the landing 
place to meet them, they are sent to 
the detention room, from whence 
immigrants can only be released by 
the officer of this department after 
a careful examination of both parties. 
If an inspector decides that he cannot 
admit an immigrant on his own re- 
sponsibility, he gives him a card 
marked with the letters "S. I.," 
which means that the parties must 
be held in a separate room for 
"special inquiry" before a board con- 
sisting of three inspectors and one 
stenographer. The hearing is in se- 
cret. No friend, relative, lawyer, 
missionary or reporter is permitted 
to be present or assist the subject 

while he appears before this board. 
The immigrant is placed under oath 
and his testimony recorded word for 

His fate depends upon the decision 
of these three officers, who may re- 
solve by a majority to admit, defer, 
or exclude to be deported, in which 
latter case he is informed that he 
may appeal to the Secretary of Com- 
merce and Labor at Washington to 
have the decision reversed. 

While detained at the landing 
place, immigrants are fed at the ex- 
pense of the steamship company as 
illustrated in the accompanying cut. 
Those who are admitted to proceed 
to their places of destination secure 
their railroad tickets in the railroad 
department at the landing place and 
must remain in the waiting room as 
seen in the picture. At five o'clock 
in the afternoon all the railroad 
passengers are transferred by river 
boat to the several railroad stations 
and from there are forwarded by 
special immigrant trains to the far 

Efficient as the immigration serv- 
ice is at this port, it is to be regretted 
that two steamship companies, one 
English and one French line, make 
it a rule to land their passengers on 
our shores upon the Lord's day, and 
it is certainly a disgrace to our coun- 
try that the Government assists them 
by having the department in full 
operation for the convenience of these 
steamship companies. A respectful 
protest has been recently made by the 
missionaries at the port to the Com- 
missioner General of Immigration at 
Washington, covering five points, 
which are here briefly summarized: 

i. We expect immigrants landing 
in America to become law-abiding 
residents and citizens. It therefore 
sets a bad example to these new- 
comers to find on their arrival a 
United States Government depart- 
ment in full operation on Sunday. 

2. The large number of officers 
employed on Ellis Island have very 
strenuous work during the week and 
well deserve a day of rest. 

*,, - 


Drawn by Thomas Fogarty 

Beproduced by special permission from The Outlook 
THE MOTHERS' CORNER Copyright, 1903 



3. Important as immigration may 
be to the United States, it certainly 
is not so important and pressing that 
we should misuse the Sabbath day 
for the purpose of landing foreigners. 

4. Steamship companies having 
no steamers due in New York on 
Sunday will not suffer even if occa- 
sionally a steamer may be delayed, 
while those companies which make 
it a rule to land immigrants on the 
Lord's day have no right to compel 
our Government to operate the land- 
ing station on Sunday for their pri- 
vate convenience. If the Ellis Island 
station would not take off immigrants 
on Sunday, the steamship lines would 
soon change their sailing day as 
other companies have done, for the 

simple reason that they wish to avoid 
paying higher wages to longshoremen 
on Sunday. 

And finally, landing on Sunday is 
no benefit to immigrants. The city 
banks are closed; mail and telegraph 
service is not operated as on week 
days ; no connection can be made with 
river boats for eastern points, and 
the railroads run only a few trains. 

This remonstrance was kindly re- 
ceived and promise was given by the 
Commissioners that they would at- 
tempt to close on Sunday when only 
a small number of immigrants was 
expected to land. The closing of the 
landing place entirely on the Lord's 
day is regarded as difficult if not im- 


By Margaret Gold Batchelder 

Formerly U . S. Immigration Inspector at the Port of New York 

YONDER is a vessel steaming 
through the Narrows, its steer- 
age decks black with the 
teeming and chaotic masses who are 
come to share our country and our 
liberty. They are all on deck now, 
dressed in holiday attire, crowding 
to the rail for a first glimpse of the 
huge structures in the distance, which 
some one tells them is New York. 
The word passes rapidly that the 
journey is over, that the promised 
land is reached. The men throw 
overboard their old coats, shirts and 
shoes; the women smooth out and 
straighten their gorgeous orange, 
purple, green, shawls and petticoats; 
for the old and worn must be cast 
aside — everything must be clean and 
bright for this entrance into a new 

How eager and expectant they are ! 
Giovanni nudges Theresa, points ex- 
citedly and makes room for her at 
the rail. They lift up little Pietro 
and Guiseppe, for they must see too; 
then all four look at each other and 

laugh; papa pats Guiseppe on the 
head and mama hugs little Pietro. 

The hand luggage is brought out, 
for each a share, from grandpa with 
his grape sticks and can of precious 
wine from the home vineyard, to tiny 
Pietro hugging a fat feather pillow 
in his chubby little arms. All are 
ready to start for "Little Italy" or 
the street of the Mulberry. 

But the steamer has stopped, and 
why is the anchor being lowered? 
They crowd around and scream at 
that semi-godlike individual, their 
countryman who has been to Amer- 
ica before. He points to the yellow 
flag on the mast, while almost at the 
same moment there is great commo- 
tion on the deck, and they are pushed 
and shoved into line to be marched 
single file past the quarantine doctors. 
Unlucky ship which has any conta- 
gious or infectious disease on board! 
When the anchor is hoisted a mighty 
shout of thanksgiving rises from two 
thousand throats. 

They spy the Statue of Liberty 



Dr'i n hi/ Th'tmix Fugarty 

Reproduce ' by special per minstO" from The Outlook 

next, the little children are lifted for 
a glimpse, the women wave their 
hails, the men doff their hats and 
shout. The band on a German liner 
struck up "Old Hundred" as Liberty 
was beiig passed; it sent a thrill of 
arlsit patriotism through the hearts 
of those Americans who listened, 
thought of the words of praise, and 
were proud to belong to a country 
which had glorious opportunities and 
blessings for all who desired and de- 

If the ship is docked after two 
o'clock in the afternoon there comes 
a tedious wait for the impatient new 
arrivals, for they will not be trans- 
ferred to Ellis Island on the huge 
barges until the next morning. Where 
the "Harvest Home" and her sister 
barges drop their burdens at the 
Island, it is there we like to watch 
and wonder, laugh and sorrow. 'Tis 
a long and varied procession that 
passes up the gang plank, through 
the covered passage way into the 
Immigration Building. The Scotch 
mother with her nine boy "bairns," 
all of whom she intends shall be 
Presbyterian ministers, she proudly 
announces. Behind her walks a 
mild-eyed Slovenian woman carrying 

an enormous sheet -wrapped pack on 
her back, a baby tied on in front, a 
heavy bag in one hand and several 
children clinging to her skirts, while 
her lord and master follows in her 
wake, twirling his cane! 

The next are "Yiddishers" — an 
old patriarch, bent now, and the long 
curls over his ears are gray, yet he 
wears with a splendid dignity the pro- 
verbial Hebrew frock coat and silk 
hat. He and Rachel are coming to 
the kinder who have written that 
America is next best to the New 
Jerusalem, and they are carrying in 
their arms their most cherished pos- 
sessions, brass candlesticks and a 
Russian samovar. 

This Magyar woman with fourteen 
boys and girls clustering around her 
is not a charitable institution, oh, 
no; they are all hers, every one, and 
they are to wait for the husband and 
father who is to claim them. The 
little black-eyed Italian girl clad in 
green petticoat and scarlet bodice, 
toddling along with a small rocking 
chair in both hands, where does she 
belong? She places the precious bit 
of furniture on the ground, seats her- 
self in it and refuses to budge. With 
superb nonchalance she sits until her 



2 3 3 


Sicilian mother, with a shriek, rushes 
upon her lost darling, soundly boxing 
her ears. 

Here are several little Italian lads, 
with masses of dark, curly hair, 
laughing brown eyes, and the chubby 
cheeks of cherubs. 

So they disembark, little Dutch 
maidens, Hindu fakirs, Syrians, Sicil- 
ians, Finnish, Bohemian, in the most 
homogeneous mass the world has 
ever seen; but the Statue of Liberty 
looks down upon them all, the doors 
of the public schools are open to their 
children, and we need have no great 

The long lines enter the Adminis- 
tration Building, pass up the stairs 
and down a narrow passageway hem- 
med in by wire railings where stand 
two physicians, one to snatch off the 
caps of the astonished foreigners to 
look for favus, the other to roll back 
the eyelids in search of traces of 

trachoma. Those who are found 
wanting, alas, must await further ex- 
amination in the "goat pen" while 
the sheep with due meekness and 
wondering humility proceed to the 
next ordeal. 

Here, perched on a high stool, is a 
fierce looking St. Peter, red-faced 
with responsibility. What a task is 
his to "size up" five hundred of all 
tongues and races in a single day! 
He sifts out the strong and indus- 
trious, leaving for the "S. I." Board, 
the ex-convict, pauper, contract la- 
borer, bandit, for the United States 
has no room for the "L. P. C," 
(liable to become a public charge) or 
the diseased, and in 1902 refused a 
landing to 4,974 hapless individuals. 
The steamship companies which were 
so unfortunate as to bring these 
physical and moral wrecks must de- 
port them at their own expense. 

There are twelve of these in- 




spectors and they have sorted out as 
many as 7,000 aliens in a day, shout- 
ing, pointing, jabbering half the dia- 
lects of the civilized world. There is 
a tradition on the Island which still 
causes the old inspectors to look 
shame faced. " It was a sturdy chap 
with an odd little hat and a sun- 
browned face. They talked to him 
in Armenian, Finnish, Bohemian, 
Polish, Portuguese. He stood stolid 
and silent. They sent for more in- 
terpreters and tried Croatian, Dal- 
matian, Ruthenian. At last he broke 
forth: 'For the love of hivven, is 
there none o' vez here speaks Eng- 

"Wie viel geld?" calls the inspector. 
"Only thirty marks, Gretchen? It 
won't do. But he will meet you, der 
Brautigam?" "0. K." she is and 
soon there is another wedding to -add 
to the records of Ellis Island mar- 

riages. The afternoon express car- 
ries a happy lover and his radiant 
Frau to the farm out West. 

This stalwart Swede with his rosy 
cheeked lads and lasses and a wallet 
of good money — any question about 
him? Indeed no — the inspector sighs, 
wishes there were more like him and 
shouts to the next victim, "Quanto 
moneta ? ' ' Forty lire ? Not enough 
is the virdict. "Si, si," cries Tony. 
He has promise of work, such good 
work! And he draws forth the tell- 
tale papers which cause him to be 
hustled off to the "excluded" room. 

Here is a strapping fair-haired 
youth with a smiling face and a 
brawny arm. The inspector passes 
hurriedly over the questions, "Ever 
been in prison? almshouse? insane 
asylum ? Are you an anarchist ? ' ' 
No need to ask him these. Has he 
money? He looks downcast, for he 






can show only fifteen dollars; but 
passed he is; his face and his arms 
are his fortune, for at Ellis Island it 
is the tout ensemble and the latent 
possibilities which save or damn. 
Has he money is the first question. 
If not, can he, and far more import- 
ant, will he work? 

What a perfect Nestor must the 
inspector be who decides these ques- 
tions for four or five hundred per 
diem! Does he never make mistakes? 
Alas, too often. There were 465 of 
them last year; 465 who were ad- 

classes of women occupy the third. 
No one knows when he enters here 
whether his exodus will be for a 
journey backward or onward. 

The stolid Dutch girl with her 
stupid stare — has she money, 
friends? No. She has ccme to her 
Hans; but the telegrams fail to 
bring him and she must return across 
the water to bury her love dream. 

See this cheerful little old lady. 
She has a cookie for the wee boy, 
shows the restless young girl how to 
knit, holds the baby for a tired 


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judged "worthy and landed, but had 
to be returned from whence they 
came before they had lived a year in 
the land of plenty. 

The tragedy of the return, think 
of it. No home, no friends, no hope! 
But Ellis Island officials cannot pause 
in 1 - their busy lives to think of the 
tragedies, for if they did, too many 
would succumb to chronic melan- 

There are three apartments in the 
Purgatory of the world here ; for the 
men they are labelled "excluded" 
arid ' ' temporarily^detained ' ' ; both 

mother. No one understands a word 
she says, but she makes every one 
feel more comfortable and contented. 
She is waiting, she tells you, for her 
son. He lives in Hoboken. The 
street, the number? No, she can't 
tell you these, but they will find him, 
he lives in Hoboken. Her good-man 
died, there was no one left, so she 
came to her boy. But. no son comes 
to claim her, and a steamer carries a 
heartsick little lady back to the 
public relief of Germany. 

This sweet-faced young woman — 
insane? No, can it be? The baby 



was born and died on the passage 
over. It is a heart-broken husband 
who hears that Uncle Sam will not 
receive the insane and that his Yetta 
cannot stay. 

We take but a peep into the men's 
excluded room for a momentary gaze 
at the depressing assembly of poor, 
helpless and criminal, but fortunately 
it is only a wee small per cent, that 
these rooms receive, and the vast 
majority pass safely the Scylla and 
Charybdis of medical examiner and 

For most of the journey is not yet 
over; they must be labelled and 
ticketed, Pennsylvania Railroad, Erie 
Railroad, New York Central Railroad, 
Fall River Boat, and taken on the 
barges to the railway terminals. 
They are surrounded by their Lares 
and Penates in the form of household 
goods. Such queer baggage it is! 
One family is proud in the possession 

of a sewing machine, and an im- 
mense upholstered rocking chair, 
which have been its burden for 
thousands of miles. The next family 
has naught to boast of but two 
feather pillows which the mater jamil- 
ias treasures as the apple of her eye. 
This man hugs an enormous brass 
trumpet, his neighbor has a violin, 
while far off in the crowd we spy a 
Scotch Highlander with his precious 

Those who remain in New York 
City, and they are, alas, far too many, 
are carried to the Barge Office on the 
Ellis Island ferry boat. But before 
they board it, in the long screened 
hallway are the happy meetings of 
the friends and kinsmen who have 
come to claim their own. The proud 
Italian father declares he never would 
have known his ragazzi — how they 
have grown ! The old forlorn looking 
Jewess is being embraced and wept 





over by her finely dressed daughters 
from East Broadway. 

Most of them have some one to 
greet them, but those who have not 
are coralled by the Immigrant Pro- 
tective Societies of the various na- 
tions and taken to some good safe 
Home in the big city, there to stay 
until they have got their bearings. 
The Society for the Protection of 
Italian Immigrants has been doing 
particularly helpful work in this line. 

Germans 40,000, British 69,000, 

Scandinavians 78,000, Russians 136,- 
000, Austrians 206,000, Italians 230,- 
000, plus Magyars, Polish, Lithuan- 
ians, Croatians, Dalmatians, Finnish, 
Bohemians, Greeks, Syrians and so 
on in endless stream numbering 857,- 
000 aliens who have entered United 
States ports during the year ending 
June 1903. Has man ever before 
witnessed so stupendous and far- 
reaching a migration as this the 
record of a single year? We pick 
up our morning papers and read, 




"Immigrants due to arrive in New 
York during the next ten days." 

Oceanic, Liverpool 1,100 

Umbria, Liverpool 600 

St. Paul, Southampton 550 

Columbia, Glasgow 600 

Deutschland, Hamburg. . . . 600 

Barcelona, Hamburg 800 

Koenigin Luise, Bremen. . . 1,875 
Kaiser Wilhelm der Grosse. 805 

L'Aquitaine, Havre l >953 

Southwark, Antwerp 1,000 

Trave, Genoa 878 

Sicilian Prince, Naples 1,017 

Bolivia, Naples 1,100 

Archimede, Naples 813 

Citta di Napoli, Naples. . . . 1,300 

Roma, Naples 1,400 

Perugia, Naples 1,220 

Sardegna, Algeria I >°59 

On the red letter day in April, 1903, 
10,236 aliens arrived in New York, 
and two steamers of the Hamburg- 

American line brought" 2,731 and 
2,854 steerage on a single trip. Dur- 
ing the last half century eighteen 
million (approximately) of the peo- 
ples beyond the seas have been re- 
ceived and adopted to ourselves, 
while more and yet more come, and 
there is no end in sight. 

The Volkwanderung of the sons of 
Noah, the Hebrews, Goths, Vandals, 
Huns, Tartars, of all the tribes and 
nations whose epoch-making migra- 
tory adventures have furnished an 
inexhaustible theme to minstrel, bard 
and dramatist for centuries, are as 
mere excursion parties compared with 
this marvelous pouring of the nations 
of the world into the land which 
stands for kindliness, with protection 
and freedom for all. 

The history of these early migra- 
tions is a tale of tremendous social 
upheavals accompanied by long years 



of bloodshed, cruel misery and suf- 
fering. How different our nineteenth 
and twentieth century flight of na- 
tions ! Vast hordes numbering nearly 
a million in a single year bear down 
upon us, but the United States moves 
serenely on, undisturbed and appar- 
ently not at all awed by the thought 
that she is absorbing more than the 
natural increase of southern Italians 
and Slovaks ; more than half the 
natural increase of Russian Jews, 
Austrian, Polish, Croatians and Slo- 

Every State in the union receives 
its share. New York leads with 

203,824 in 1902, Pennsylvania next 
with 139,096, Massachusetts 50,939, 
and so on down the list to Mississippi 
and North Carolina, which offer at- 
tractions to only seventy-seven and 
seventy immigrants respectively. 

'Tis a vexing problem, shall we or 
shall we not keep our doors open to 
the crowds of the other half who are 
coming in ever increasing numbers. 
The statesman shakes his head and 
murmurs that it is quality, not quan- 
tity, that we want now. For the 
type of the immigrant has changed; 
it is no longer the Swede, Dane, Ger- 
man, British — the Baltic race, but 




the Italian, Austrian, Russian, who 
are coming to us, 572,000 out of the 
857,000 in 1903. In 1882 out of the 
788,000, 632,000 were Scandinavians, 
Germans and British. It is the scum 
of the earth we are getting now, says 
some one. To be sure the foreign 
born fill our City almshouse, work- 
house and penitentiary. Seventy- 
seven per cent, of the almshouse in- 
mates are foreign born, but 657 are 
Irish and German, this same Baltic 
stock we so lament, leaving only 12 
per cent, of the total to the Italian, 
Jew and all other races; and observe 
that this is the first, not the second 

Pick up the Hoi Polloi from a land 
of tyranny, where the masses are 
slaves in everything but name, and 
place these same people in a country 
which spells opportunity, values a 
man for his manhood and gives his 
children the chance the parents never 
had. What will be the result ? The 
public school teachers in New York 
City tell us what happens. Brightest 
pupils: Russian Jews. Most excel- 
ent in drawing, modeling, music : 

Italians. Most ambitious and in- 
dustrious: Hebrews and Italians. 

The fathers are not far behind. A 
night school in the Italian quarter 
has an average attendance of 575 
boys and men from fourteen to fifty 
years of age, who have been in Amer- 
ica anywhere from two days to fifteen 
years. This man has been wielding 
a pick all day while his neighbor 
cleaned the city's streets. Here they 
come four evenings a week from 7 :3o 
to 9 .-30 for the knowledge of the Eng- 
lish which is to them an open sesame 
to all that is good in life. There are 
eighty of these schools and they cost 
the city $500,000 a year, but there 
are 20,000 scholars who are being 
taught our language, customs and 
form of government. 

Environment counts quite as much 
as heredity in the sum total of a man, 
and these people inherit nothing that 
they or we need be ashamed of. 
Educate them, bring them into con- 
tact with the better class of Americans 
through the mission and the social 
settlement, and who need fear for the 
future of our country ? 

A/TR. BEECHER once said, " When the lion eats an ox, the ox 
becomes lion, not the lion ox." The illustration would be 
very neat if it only illustrated. The lion happily has an instinct 
controlled by an unfailing law which determines what and when 
and how much he shall eat. If that instinct should fail and he 
should some day cat a badly diseased ox, or should very much 
over-eat, we might have on our hands a very sick lion. I can even 
conceive that under such conditions the ignoble ox might slay the 
king of beasts. Foreigners are not coming to the United States in 
answer to any appetite of ours controlled by an unfailing moral 
or political instinct. They naturally consult their 0101 interests in 
coming, not ours. The lion, without being consulted as to time, 
quantity or quality, is having the food thrust down his throat, and 
the only alternative is, — digest or die. 

— From "Our Country." 


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« TT is such missionary work that prevents the pioneers from 

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-■- sinking perilously near the level of the savagery against 

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which they contend. Without it, the conquest of this con- 

% \ 

tinent would have had little but. an animal side. Because of it, 

a 1 a 1 

deep beneath and through the National character there runs that | 

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I power of firm adherence to a lofty ideal upon which the safety of \ 

\ \ 

% the Nation will ultimately depend." % 

Commenting upon this utterance of the Chief Magistrate, The Outlook of 

August 29th remarks:' 

"That this is a sound view, no one who has studied historically the forces 
which have produced the United States can deny. The home missionary, 
who to many people is hardly other than a man with a wife and several chil- 
dren, somewhere out West, to whom a barrel full of odds and ends is sent, 
and from whom is received a letter full of gratitude and accounts of prayer 
meetings, is in reality one of the most dominant agents in the making of history 
that the world has ever known. Compared with the settlement and civiliza- 
tion of Europe, the spread of civilization over the territory which now com- 
prises the United States has been startling in its swiftness. No armies ever 
achieved so thorough or so speedy a triumph as the American pioneers did. 
And among the pioneers none were more courageous, none were more stead- 
fast, and none more in earnest, or, on the whole, more successful in attaining 
their purposes, than the men who went not for the sake of extracting wealth 
from the soil, but for the sake of establishing righteousness in the new communi- 
ties. In the midst of greed, or what at best may be called the spirit of acquisi- 
tiveness, they injected the spirit that seeks not to get but to give, the saving 
spirit of service, the leaven of the Nation." 


What It Means 

THERE are some things so very 
true, that multitudes of peo- 
ple, if the paradox may be 
pardoned, do not believe them. We 
have a fear that some of our readers 
will only glance at the testimony of 
President Roosevelt and the com- 
ments of The Outlook on another page, 
without taking in the meaning of 
their tremendous truth. It certainly 
means very much that the Chief 
Magistrate of 80,000,000 people, him- 
self a broad-minded scholar and a 
master in the interpretation of his- 
tory, should ascribe to the home 
missionary, past and present, the 
honor of having supplied the saving 
ideals on which the strength and 
very life of the nation ultimately 
depend. It means much also that 
a journal of the recognized ability 
and wide reach of The Outlook should 
so unequivocally endorse the Presi- 
dent's conviction. 

Yet is this strange? Deep down 
in every thoughtful mind we believe 
the truth is accepted, that only by 
righteousness can any nation be 
truly exalted; that without right- 
eousness our vast wealth is a festering 
curse; our material prosperity a de- 
luding snare; our political suprem- 
acy a hollow sham; that armies and 
navies shall neither exalt nor protect 
a nation whose people do not possess, 
enthroned in their hearts and regnant 
in their lives, the high ideals of the 
Sermon on the Mount. For a hun- 

dred years this belief has been the 
working theory, the divine philosophy 
of home missions. Its agents for the 
most part have been the humblest 
men and women, scarcely recognized 
in the crowd. Its instrumentalities 
are plain meeting-houses without a 
single attraction to the eye. Its 
ordinances offend by their very sim- 
plicity, and its messengers are often 
without worldly wisdom or human 
eloquence. Its simple mission has 
been to create ideals for the people, 
yet ideals the sublimest known on 
earth, those inspired by the duties of 
religion and the claims of heaven. 
Faith in the vitality of these ideals 
has been the hiding of home mis- 
sionary power. 

Yet this faith is not confined to the 
Church alone as we sometimes too 
hastily assume. A story of American 
home missions was recently pub- 
lished which naturally enough re- 
ceived considerate attention from 
church periodicals. But some of the 
most intelligent reviews, indicating a 
careful reading of the book and in- 
tense sympathy with its meaning and 
purpose, have appeared in the secular 
press of many different States. What- 
ever else this may mean, we believe 
it signifies that multitudes of men 
and women, of the world worldly, 
and without practical affiliation with 
the church, are as profoundly con- 
vinced as its devoutest member, that 
the only safety of America is in the 
"firm adherence" of her people to 
righteous ideals. 



The very obviousness of this truth 
is its chief disadvantage. Men for- 
get it as easily as they forget the air 
and the sunlight. If any revival is 
more in demand at the present hour 
than another, it is a renaissance of 
the truth so forcibly embodied in the 
words of our President, namely, the 
omnipotence of righteous ideals 
among the people, and the supreme 
importance of those humble agents 
by which they are created and kept 
alive. Fight municipal corruption as 
we will (and all honor to gallant 
fighters along that line!), pour hot 
shot into the corrupting saloon, raid 
the gambling dens, arbitrate the 
labor issues, regulate the trusts, con- 
tinue to tinker that "local issue," the 
tariff, denounce the cruel lynchings, 
reform everything bad; but let it- not 
be forgotten that one reform goes 
deeper and nearer the root of all evil 
than any other, the reform that in- 
spires righteous ideals in the hearts 
and lives of the people. 

The embodiment of that reform, 
says Mr. Roosevelt, is the home mis- 
sionary. For what this humble but 
mighty man has done in the building 
of the nation, let us give him honor! 
For what he may yet do to save our 
beloved America, let us strengthen 
his willing hands! 

Welcoming the Immigrant 

Measuring the interest of our read- 
ers by our own interest, we feel as- 
sured they will welcome the opening 
article of the current number, describ- 
ing the entrance of the immigrant 
at the chief port of the nation. The 
picture is drawn by eye witnesses. 
Mr. Sommerlatte, as Harbor mission- 
ary of the Reformed Church for sev- 
eral years, may be trusted to know 
whereof he writes. Miss Batchelder 
has enjoyed an exceptional expe- 
rience as United States Inspector of 
Immigration, and her bird's eye 
view includes many touches which a 
man would never see. Together they 
have given the reader? of The Home 

Missionary a photograph of pro- 
found significance. 

The immigrant as he lands in Amer- 
ica is a picturesque personage. Speech, 
dress and manners are those of the 
Old World. Could we follow him only 
a few months from the landing we 
should detect the beginnings of a 
great change. Dress and manners 
are the first things to be sloughed off. 
Broken English is the next develop- 
ment. More slowly the mind of this 
foreign-born American yields to its 
new surroundings. The atmosphere 
of independence into which he has 
been transplanted begins to re-create 
his ambitions. He has a farm of his 
own, with tools and crops; his chil- 
dren are in our public schools. Elec- 
tion day comes and he votes. For 
the first time in his life he is a citi- 
- zen, a free man, one of eighty mill- 
ion self-governed and self-governing 
people. He feels the change in every 
fibre of his being, as those to the 
manor born can never feel it, for they 
never had it to feel. 

Now at this point comes the crisis 
of this new life of the immigrant. Two 
ways open at his feet. Will he join 
the army of sordid grubbers, finding 
in his new heritage nothing more than 
acres of arable land, crops of value 
and markets ready to turn the toil of 
his hands into silver and gold ? Shall 
his development culminate and cease 
with such material rewards? Or, 
shall he find following him, as they 
followed the early New England 
emigrant, the church, the missionary 
and all kindred agencies of a Christian 
civilization ? Nothing but these saved 
the early pioneers from a selfish, 
vulgar and godless materialism. They 
injected into the enterprise of settle- 
ment the higher ideals of worship, of 
righteousness and of civic virtue. 
These entering into the blood of the 
first immigrants made them the great 
nation builders of history. Such 
agencies have not lost their power 
and were never in demand as they are 
to-day, when, by thousands and tens 
of thousands, these strangers from 
the Old World, who are in fact the 

2 5° 


raw material of future citizens are 
pouring into the wide stretches of the 
West and crowding the already con- 
gested cities of the East. Home 
missions has not finished its work 
until it shall create for the later im- 
migrant the same environment that 
saved the early settler from barbarism 
and made him the architect of a 
great nation. 

Dr. Thomas W. Jones 

It has been several years since the 
circle of home missionary superin- 
tendents was broken by death. The 
break has come at length in the de- 
cease of Dr. Jones at Philadelphia, 
after many months of failing health. 
Thomas W. Jones was born in Ban- 
gor, North Wales, March 10, 1830. 
He came to this country alone in his 
seventeenth year, landing in Boston 
after a tempestuous voyage of seven 
weeks. Eventually all his family fol- 
lowed to this country, where they 
have since made their home. In 
New York he found employment as a 
clerk and under the inspiration of 
President Finney, who was preaching 
at that time at the Old Broadway 
Tabernacle, he resolved to study for 
the ministry and passed four years of 
instruction at Oberlin. He was al- 
ways fond of missionary and evangel- 
istic work, in which he labored at 
Lake Mills, Wisconsin; Ann Arbor, 
Hillsdale, Ypsilanti, Jackson, Gales- 
burg and Olivet College, Michigan. 
His settled pastorates were at Dowag- 
iac and Augusta, Michigan; Topeka, 
Kansas; Ticonderoga and Saratoga 
Springs, New York. The last fifteen 
years of his life have been given to 
missionary work in the office of Super- 
intendent of the Home Missionary 
Societv. His field was the middle 
district with headquarters at Phila- 
delphia. His Welsh birth and train- 
ing and his peculiar sympathy with 
Welsh traditions and characteristics 
made him an ideal superintendent for 
that field. His heart was warm, his 
eloquence fervid, his sagacity rare and 

his wise counsel commended him to the 
pastors and the churches in a marked 
degree. His life has been large and 
varied and richly blessed in spiritual 
fruitage and perhaps no other man 
could have had the same influence in 
leading the Welsh churches of Penn- 
sylvania into the growing use of the 
English tongue. The health of Dr. 
Jones has been declining for several 
months, under a complication of dis- 
eases, among which was a weakness 
of the heart. But his great vitality 
has prolonged his life beyond the ex- 
pectation of friends. The end came 
Wednesday evening, September 9th, 
and that end was peace. 

William H. Moore 

No warmer friend or wiser ad-, 
ministrator of home missions has re- 
cently passed from earth than the 
late Secretary Moore, of Connecticut. 
His knowledge of the State which he 
served so long, was not only down to 
date, but minute and historical. 
Things new and old he was ever ready 
to draw from his abundant store to 
illustrate the value of home missions. 
His devotion to the national work 
was deep and sincere. The broad 
view to him was the natural view. 
Among the closing duties of his serv- 
ice as Secretary was the visit he made 
to Michigan, when that State was be- 
ginning to agitate the question of 
self-support. Mr. Moore's addresses 
in the leading churches of the State 
did much to promote the sentiment 
of independence, and even where his 
hopeful views were treated with a 
measure of doubt, the Chirstian op- 
timism of the speaker was warmly 
appreciated. By nature, Secretary 
Moore was a statistician and the 
Connecticut churches for many years 
to come will remain in his debt for 
the information he has gathered, and 
for the facts that he coaxed and 
sometimes dragooned from reluctant 
pastors and unclerical clerks. Withal 
he was a true friend, a genial brother 
and a sweet spirited Christian man. 


" The King's Bright Banners 
Forward Go." 

A FELICITOUS feature of the 
closing session of the Seventy- 
Seventh Annual Meeting at 
Providence was the use made by Rev. 
W. B. Lockhart, of the world's 
famous Latin hymn, written con- 
cerning Passiontide by Fortunatus 
(530-609), Bishop of Poitiers. The 
theme of Dr. Lockhart's address was 
expressive of the hopeful aspects of 
Christ's kingdom under the work of 
the Home Missionary Society, pres- 
ent and prospective. "The banners 
of the King go forward." The hymn 
is familiar in British and American 
hymnals, in English translations. In 
its opening line and in its prevailing 
sentiment, it is the poetic expression 
of what in plain prose was repeatedly 
called "a marked year," the past 
year of the society. The Cross of 
Christ is a conquering Cross: 

"Fulfilled is now what David told 
In true prophetic song of old, 
How God the heathen's king should be 
For God is reigning from the tree." 

The primary use of this hymn was 
a processional hymn in honor of the 
Holy Cross. It has had a strong 
hold on many minds, especially upon 
poets, hymnists, translators, preach- 
ers and Christian workers, who have 

been inspired with Christian faith and 
hope, with a sense of the presence of 
God, with the initiation and advance- 
ment of forward movement. "The 
King's bright banners onward bear." 
The watchword of the messengers of 
the King has always been, and always 
will be, "Forward," not merely as a 
matter of temperament and senti- 
ment, but with reasons rooted in 
faith in God, in the Bible, in the 
Christ of the Bible, in the work of 
the Holy Spirit, in the realities of 
history and in the inevitable career 
of humanity. 

Fortunatus was an Italian, one of 
those greatly gifted men whom God 
made, as Dr. Hillis says, out of a 
little mud, one of the ancestors of 
multitudes who are now coming to 
our country and who are designated 
"foreigners," not merely in a geo- 
graphical and ethnic, but in an op- 
probrious sense. Fortunatus was an 
immigrant, a refugee. He went from 
Italy to France. He was contem- 
porary with Mohammed, and lived 
when the most aggressive of mongrel 
religions was germinated. He had 
the experiences of a wanderer that 
are suggestive of the ramblings of a. 
modern tramp. Yet he was a trouba- 
dour, singing from land to land and 
reminding us of that circuit rider, 
whose revival was said at Providence 



to be needed, preaching from place 
to place and careering over great 
stretches of territory. The romance 
of his career was his friendship with 
Queen Rhadegunda, wife of Clotaire, 
who became in spirit, if not in fact, 
a sister of charity, who took leprous 
women in her arms and kissed them, 
and when one of the leprous women 
said to her ' ' Who will kiss you after 
you embrace us?" she answered 
benevolently, " If others will not kiss 
me, it is truly no affair of mine." 

We heard at the Providence meet- 
ing of many living women of the 
same heroic and self-denying type, 
except that they do their deeds not 
under the conditions of celibacy, but 
of the city slums, the crowded steam- 
boat, the western and Alaska mining 
and lumber camps, the homes of the 
poor and the oppressed. One his- 
torian of the times of Fortunatus 
says, that the life of that period was 
a curious resultant between the Ro- 
man and Barbarian ideas. The life 
of these times as Dr. Hillis and Dr. 
Waters and many more of the thirty 
speakers reiterated, is to be, not a 
curious but a known and inevitable 
result of the conflict between Chris- 
tianity and all that opposes it, and 
Christianity is to become concrete in 
terms of home missions, the Christian 
man, the Christian church, the Chris- 
tian school, the Christian city, the 
Christian State and Nation. The 
time is hastening. The movement 
is an accelerating movement. The 
banners of the King are in sight. 
They are moving forward. They 
will wave in triumph soon, and an in- 
numerable host will shout and echo 
and re-echo the songs of victory. 

North Cambridge, Mass. 

Spiritual Savings of the Fathers 

The people of our age, said Renan, 
still live on the spiritual savings of 
the forefathers. As time goes on, he 
added, that capital of strong virtues, 
austere traditions, and severe habits 

decreases every day. "What our 
descendents will live on in this re- 
spect I cannot imagine, and I am 
afraid to anticipate." If that were 
true in France, it is no whit less so 
in America. 

To-day, in our own country, noth- 
ing is plainer than that home mis- 
sions must still leaven the nation. 

No mistake could be greater than 
to imagine that because home mis- 
sions have followed the mighty move- 
ment of migration and our imperial 
expansion across the continent clear 
to the Pacific, that, therefore, this 
sublime home mission undertaking 
has done its work. It is only the 
frontier that has changed. The real 
frontier is as important and as critical 
a concern at it ever was; only now 
it is less a matter of geographical 
moment. Its bearing on the national 
life and character is exactly the same 
that it always has been. 

Home missions means the strong 
helping the weak; those who have 
sharing with those who have not. 
The vast home missionary enterprise 
of the century has paid its cost a 
hundred times over in its reflex in- 
fluence on the churches and individ- 
uals who gave their hearts to it. It 
has been a shining, a constant, a 
sublime object lesson to the whole 
country. The very meaning and in- 
tent of the gospel has been illuminated 
by it. It has been an interpretation 
that could not be mistaken. It has 
been like the lightning our Lord 
spoke of as "shining from one end 
of the heaven even unto the other. " It 
has furnished just that nurture and 
power in practical Christianity which 
has done so much toward creating 
the "spiritual savings of the fathers." 
But it is an everlasting crisis that 
we have to deal with. There is, 
moreover, always an "impending 
crisis" overhanging our vision. The 
signs of our time are by no means 
altogether roseate. In the midst of 
the best churches, in the best homes, 
there is a profound transitional pro- 
cess going on; going on as quietly, 
it may be, and as persistently as time 



itself, which bodes no little peril to 
the integrity of the Christian faith, 
the vitality and supremacy of the 
Christian spirit. The "problems" of 
the time multiply not only, but they 
magnify. They loom up stupendous 
in their proportions. Obviously there 
must be in the Christian organiza- 
tions of the country a proportionate 
spiritual apprehension and moral 
force. That French religionist, more 
or less skeptical, rarely spoke with 
such seriousness as in reference to 
just this sort of responsibility in 
keeping intact the "spiritual savings 
of the fathers." 

Pre-eminently, in city and in 
country, in the East as in the West, 
all over our country, it is the august 
part of home missions to determine 
what in this respect our descendents 
will live upon. 

For one thing, the coming to our 
shores of nearly one million immi- 
grants the current year points to at 
least one of the aspects of our present 
day home missionary frontier; a 
moral frontier which it would be a 
kind of double treason, to the country 
and to the kingdom, to leave un- 




Chicago, III. 

Promiscuous Scattering 

A new argument presents itself for 
a more centralized superintendence 
of our Congregational missionary 
effort. It is the potent argument of 
dollars and cents. For it is a fact 
that we Congregationalists, through 
our churches, are giving more than 
three-quarters of a million dollars to 
benevolent objects annually, outside 
the work of our six chief societies. 
Here is more than one-third of our 
total annual contributions going to 
the support of objects that are not 
under the supervising control or direc- 
tion of our chosen denominational 

Probably this excessive amount is 
distributed among a multiplicity of 

objects, many of them, and possibly 
all of them, worthy in themselves. 
But what a commentary on our policy 
is this large leakage! We strain to 
meet the needs of our six chief agen- 
cies, and every little while undertake 
a strenuous campaign to rid this or 
that society of indebtedness, and all 
the time our churches are pouring 
three-quarters of a million dollars 
into other channels than those pro- 
vided to do the work of our denom- 

A grand central committee, repre- 
senting alike our six societies and our 
denomination as such, could act in 
an advisory and suggestive capacity, 
counseling sub-committees in well- 
devised districts, who in turn would 
keep the individual churches in- 
formed and interested in our great 
lines of effort, and thus protect them 
from the itinerant and autonomous 
gleaners, who reap an annual harvest 
of three-quarters of a million dollars 
from generous but ill-advised givers 
in our churches. 

As Congregationalists we may be 
shy of any shadow on our independ- 
ency; but it may be these figures 
are a dark shadow that shall warn 
us to get in under cover from a waste- 
ful storm. 


Warren, Mass. 

The Home and the Church 

If the Church is necessary to the 
welfare of the home, it is just as true 
that the home is indispensable to the 
Church. The Church is dependent 
on the home for its supplies of men, 
women and children, for its material 
support. The quality of the homes 
determines the quality of the Church 
as well as the reverse. The charac- 
ter of the ministry is shaped quite 
as much by the home as it is by any 
other institution. The piety, the in- 
telligence and industry of the home 
go far towards determining the need 
and the work of missions. The 
home is the source of supplies for 
the Missionary Society. It is the 



real laboratory where the instruction 
of the Church is tested and wrought 
into character. The home mission- 
ary cannot give too much attention 
to the home. The present value and 
the stability of his work will ulti- 
mately be measured by the extent 
and depth of its impression on the 

One of the hopeful signs of the 
times is the increasing attention that 
all forms of philanthropy are giving 
to the home as an object of direct 
care. The remarkable success of the 
Home Department of the Sunday- 
school is largely due to this distinct 
recognition of the home as a place 
for the study of the Bible. It is 
calling attention to the possibility of 
other uses that can be made of the 
home in the work of the church and 
of society. The truth is that we 
have been so absorbed in those forms 
of work that can be done in the 
meeting house that we have allowed 
the great natural forces of the home 
to lie dormant. The time has come 
when we should make strenuous 
effort to find the true place and 
office of the home in the work of the 
Church and of society. 

I am convinced that it is not so 
much the divorces and licentiousness 
— alarming as these evils have be- 
come — that we need to fear as the 
neglect of the home factor of vast 
importance in the work of education 
and religion. Indeed the best that 
we can do to counteract these evils 
is to do more for the home, and 
especially through the home. I would 
put especial emphasis on the last 
phrase — "through the home" — for 
we have erred, I must think, in not 
recognizing the home itself as a vital 
institution, capable of doing its own 
Divinely appointed work. The Church 
may do that work for the home for a 
time, just as we give food to a starv- 
ing family. But the great aim should 
be to get the poor religious home on 
its own feet and make it self-support- 
ing in religious life as we do in eco- 
nomic life. It should be awakened 
to a keen sense of its own responsi- 

bility and helped to meet it. Home 
missionaries should preach much on 
the home and its responsibilities and 
study the ways in which the home 
can be made more active in its own 
appropriate work. No work will be 
more heartily welcomed or be more 
fruitful of good results. 

cS^w /VJ^ 


Our Duty in View of Our 

When Pilgrim and Puritan were 
amalgamated in the crucible of New 
England it produced a material of re- 
markable strength and endurance. 
It is a material that has been wrought 
into this nation for its lasting good. 
Other material has come over the 
seas, good and durable; and in some 
respects it is well for the nation that 
the material that entered into its 
making was not all of one kind. 

But with all well-deserved credit 
given to the others, our forefathers, 
with their love of religious liberty, 
their devotion to God, their high 
ideals of education, their principles 
of independence and fellowship, their 
patriotism and courage, hold a fore- 
most place. It would be a long trail, 
but an interesting one, to follow the 
outworking of their principles of in- 
dependence and fellowship in the re- 
ligious life of the country, the govern- 
ment of the nation, and in the indus- 
tries and activities of the people. 
In each instance there has been 
broadening, deepening, quickening 
influence. A most important agency 
in all this has been the Congrega- 
tional Home Missionary Society; it 
has carried the spirit and purpose of 
the fathers forward with the Western 
march. Read Dr. Clark's "Leaven- 
ing the Nation." and this will be 
more apparent. It belongs to Con- 
gregational Churches to keep alive 
and continue what our forefathers 
began at so much sacrifice and which 



has been so potent in the nation's 
making; and there is no more effic- 
ient agency in this than our Home 
Missionary Society. Its work is 
needed throughout the length and 
breadth of the country; it is needed 
in old New England and the far 
West, in Northern cities and hamlets 
and in the new South. And how 
vastly the need is emphasized by the 
spirit of commercialism, the ever 
present forces of evil and the incom- 
ing multitudes of a class in these 
days that seem farthest removed 
from our ancestors. Will they be 
brought to partake of the true spirit 
of independence and fellowship? 
Surely they can be. We must follow 
the march of our population west- 
ward, but we must not neglect the 
cities. Our Home Missionary So- 
ciety watches all this with commend- 
able fidelity. A few years ago, for 
example, the Society put a few hun- 
dred dollars into a work in one of our 
best cities ; to-day that church gives 
a thousand dollars a year and more 
to benevolence. 

The thought of our heritage and a 
vision of the need, quickened by a 
love of country, kept warm by the 
country's greatness and power among 
the nations, and fanned into flame 
by the memory of noble deeds and 
great sacrifices, ought to thrill every 
Congregationalist and impel him to 
support the Home Missionary So- 
ciety which so effectually enables us 
to do our duty in view of our heritage. 


Springfield. O. 

Just the Right Initiative at Just 
the Right Time 

Born in a home missionary cottage 
on the sunset side of the Mississippi, 
where my father's table was some- 
times supplied with bear meat, my 
mother dying at twenty-eight, having 
nobly said, "Somebody must be 
built into these foundations," let me 

plainly point out a single fact and 
the inference will be too plain to 
need argument. In the develop- 
ment of a new country, like much 
of the field of the Home Missionary 
Society, it devolves upon the poor 
to take the initiatory steps. Going 
as to a shrine, I visit the house in 
which I was born, in a proud State 
that was then less than two years 
old. I find the land about our former 
family dwelling worth easily $100 
an acre. My father bought forty 
acres. Why did he not buy the 
usual one hundred and sixty acres, 
seeing he could have obtained it all 
at the Government price, for $200. 
He was too poor. By experience 
in my father's house , I have known 
the home missionary privations. I 
have eaten at its scant table ; I have 
slept in its cold bed. 

The whole of Nahant could once 
have been purchased of the Indians 
for a pair of leather breeches, but 
Mr. Dexter confessed that, at first, 
he did not have the breeches. I have 
now before me "The Prairie Mis- 
sionary." The frontispiece is a pic- 
ture of himself in dejection and be- 
low the portrait are the words ' ' He 
had in his hand a memorandum of 
our housekeeping expenses." Only 
when I glow over achievements of 
the home missionary can I bear to 
read the revelations of the poverty 
and privations of these servants of 
God. I had written Sons of God. 
Such they are. Saviours of the coun- 
try. Such have I seen them to be. 
The name of Asa Turner, who wel- 
comed the Iowa Band, will shine as 
the stars forever. I heard his brill- 
iant son, who I thought made easily 
the best address at the Semi-Cen- 
tennial of Iowa College, say pub- 
licly, that the reason he did not 
enter the ministry, for which office 
he was by nature more than well 
fitted, was a mental reaction against 
the poverty and privations of his 
father's house, especially as they 
bore upon his "little mother," and 
the family. The home missionairies 
are poor, the people are poor. The 



poorest are the first on the ground, 
not from choice but from necessity. 
They are not the kind of poor people 
you find in the slums. One of the 
sort met in the West was asked, if, 
on going to town the last day of the 
week, it meant a glass of beer. He 
replied, "No, no, the mortgage, the 
mortgage." Not a nickel for beer 
while the mortgage still rested on 
his farm. 

There are two kinds of poor. The 
devil's poor and God's poor. Hath 
not God chosen the poor of this 
world to be pioneers, to open the 
country, to be adventurers, to push 
out the boundaries of empire to wider 
horizons. The rich love comfort. 
They can live where they elect. 
They prefer to be identified with 
large communities. The West is not 
developed like a suburban addition 
to a great city in the East, where the 
land is handled by a syndicate and 
handled by an agent. The West is 
developed by the sons of toil, who 
in the beginning have no capital. 
I have collected a bundle of tes- 
timonials published by Western rail- 
roads, commending the country 
across which their lines are thrown 
and with here and there an excep- 
tion, the settlers say, "I now have 
this and this, but when I came into 
these parts I had nothing; or, I was 
in debt, or I borrowed money to buy 
horses to break up the virgin sod." 

But here is the radiant fact. These 
men, among whom many of our 
home missionaries labor, put their 
stamp upon the community. Yes, 
they do; they do. The community 
bears it after their death. A town 
does not at once change its spirit. 
Illustrations multiply. That is the 
fact. Communities have their seed 
times. Iowa is what she is, because 
just the right initiative was given 
at just the right time. 



As Christ Thought of Them 
I have just been re-reading the words 
which Christ uttered after His resur- 
rection .during the "forty days" of 
renewed fellowship with his disciples. 
It seemed to me that if our Lord were 
ever to summarize His teachings, put 
the various parts into their proper 
relations, first things first, it would 
be in those days between the death 
and the resurrection. Then certainly 
all that was incidental would be left 
one side and the great central truth 

And as I read the closing chapters 
of the four Gospels and the first chap- 
ter of Acts, I am profoundly im- 
pressed with the fact that all the trend 
of the words is missionary. There is 
no distinction between kinds of mis- 
sions. "Home" or "foreign" stands 
for a division much more recent than 
Christ's day. There is no hint in 
those important words of A. B. C. 
F. M. or C. H. M. S. or A. M. A. or 
any other of the goodly aggregation 
of initials. It is just missions. His 
word is a word of outgiving and out- 
going, with no limit fixed. "Jerusa- 
lem, Judea, Samaria and the utter- 
most parts." 

But it is not enough to say that 
the trend is missionary ; the words are 
almost exclusively missionary. The 
only even seeming exception is John 
xxi. This is more personal in its 
character, but even here the message 
is one of service, "feed my sheep." 

All the other words are to be sum- 
med up in three things: 

1. "Be sure that I am your Mas- 
ter, risen from the dead." Matt. 28: 
9; Mark 16: 14; Luke 24: 25-27, 36- 
46; John 20: 15-17, 26-29. 

2. "Tell the glad tidings to others." 
Matt. 28: 10, 18-20; Luke 24: 47-48; 
John 20: 21 ; Acts 1:8. 

3. "Be sure that I am with you." 
Matt. 28: 20; Luke 24: 49; John 20: 
22-23 ; Acts 1 : 4-5 , 8. 

Fall River, Mass. 


2 57 

A Demand for Genuineness 

Give us the real, the true, not 
conventions, is the demand in the 
West. Everywhere the newcomer 
casts off the forms of his past life. 
The fresh, free air of the prairies, 
vast as great seas, breathed inces- 
santly makes for freedom of manner 
and a love for liberty in thought and 
conduct and worship. 

What is counted as indifference 
for the church is frequently a passion 
for the real — a virtue not a vice; 
the people simply will not attend a 
church pervaded by formalism, where 
no true message is to be heard. In 
the old home, one was born into 
church attendance. It was instinct 
produced by the habit of generations. 
As a custom of the respectable, its 
value may not have been ques- 
tioned or measured. 

In Montana or Idaho, however, 
no church was on the ground at the 
first, or if existing it was distant. 
Also the day's thought was on the 
soil or the mart, " How shall I make 
the most money?" 

Great crowds of adventurous, stir- 
ring, ambitious people press about 
one and surge beyond farther into 
the new country, wave upon wave; 
therefore the church must make 
strong appeal as an agency of value 
if its invitation is to be heeded. 

The oft-denounced hypocrite has 
little place in our churches. The 
people will not endure him on the 
street, much less in the house of 

It is well known that in mining 
camps short work is made of the 
pretender. The vice that is per- 
mitted to exist carries openly its 
redlight, and if license is demanded, 
discussion is made with little re- 
serve. It strikes us oddly at first 

that loungers at Cripple Creek would 
sometimes troop from open dens of 
gambling and infamy to attend a 
gospel meeting, whose leader they 
respected, applauding one as gener- 
ously as the other. 

Much of danger and criticism is 
to be found in this free-handed, open 
dealing with the world and God. 

Few are born like Emerson, safely 
to trust the intuition and desires of 
nature; most of us need restraint, 
the desire for reputation or the 
authority of Bible or prophet or 

Freedom easily runs into license 
and sin, and with these the Rocky 
Mountain States abound. On the 
other hand, one learns to treasure 
this passion for genuineness; the 
constraint of custom stultifies, de- 

The demand for reality is an op- 
portunity for God's messenger, which 
truly grasped means powerful char- 
acter; unused, brings most terrible 
loss to whole communities. 

Not only the times, but the place 
demand the prophet. Here, if any- 
where are needed men of the open 
vision, who know men, having been 
both on the mount and plain; 
leaders who are patient and high- 
souled, cheerful but earnest for 
righteousness, companions fitted for 
all classes of people, with ability to 
communicate hunger for the ideal 
in each; guides who can not only 
make sin appear dark enough to 
be abandoned, but Christ luminous 
and attractive enough to win the 
soul. Such. a man is certain to gain 
a great hearing and his sheaves in 
the world-harvest will not be few. 




SECRETARY jt jt j* * 

Yy HO can fitly portray the vastness and urgency of the moral 
and spiritual needs of our country? The need of ag- 
gressive evangelism is everywhere apparent. It alone is urgent 
enough to move the most stolid disciple of Christ. Many country 
districts need to hear the awakening voices of young, Spirit-filled 
ambassadors of Christ. Our great cities require a far-sighted 
and prolonged Gospel campaign that the unconcerned multitudes 
may be stirred, won and built into the temple of the Church of 
Christ. These and other Home- Mission problems are import- 
ant enough and difficult enough to afford scope for all the Chris- 
tian sympathy, fortitude, aggressiveness and statesmanlike qual- 
ities the young men and women of Congregational churches can 


IT will be greatly to the advantage 
of the cause of missions if all 
local young people's Missionary 
Committees promptly form plans for 
bringing definite things to pass the 
coming Fall and Winter. The Mis- 
sionary Committee is called to lead 
in thorough and extensive missionary 
enterprise. A competent committee 
will never permit the society to drift. 
It will forecast a programme. It 
will set a high standard. It will map 
out a scheme of action. Then it will 
take the necessary steps for the ob- 
taining of large results. Some of the 
following items, among others, will 
be a part of a clearly defined mission- 
ary policv: 

i. Make a list of all the young peo- 
ple in the church who are indifferent 
to the missionary cause and by per- 
sonal interviews and the distribution 

of the freshest literature gain their in- 
terest and co-operation. 

2. Ascertain the amount contrib- 
uted by the Young People's Society 
to Home and Foreign Missions last 
year and seek to secure a definite in- 
crease this year. 


3. Improve the quality of the mis- 
sionary meetings by the introduction 
of novel features and by the use of 
material and programmes furnished 
by the Congregational missionary 
societies. Refer to the valuable helps 
published in The Congregationalist , 
The Advance and The Christian En- 
deavor World. Make every meeting 
one of life and influence. 


4. Adopt a course of mission study 
and carry it through to the finish. 
Arrange at once for such a course and 
begin it, even though the number 
pledged to take it be not large. The 
Young People's Department of The 


2 59 

Home Missionary will be happy to 
furnish any information that may be 
needed respecting courses of study. 


Every Missionary Committee with 
a well-wrought -out plan and vigor- 
ously working the plan! Such an 
ideal and its realization is within the 
reach of every Young People's So- 


EACH one is saying who he 
thinks Jesus is by the degree 
of obedience he yields to the 
will of Jesus, as declared by the divine 
Word and revealed by His Spirit. 
By the quality of our words, by the 
purity of our deeds, by the fervor of 
our devotion to the extension of His 
Kingdom at home and abroad we 
declare in unmistakable terms our 
real thought of Him. 

The measure of our obedience to 
Christ is something tangible. His 
commands are so plain, His teaching 
so clear, that it is always possible for 
us to test the thoroughness of our 
loyalty and devotion. 

Let us take two statements of 
our Lord, and by them seek to de- 
termine the degree of reality that 
there is in our Christian life. On one 
occasion Jesus said: "As my Father 
hath sent me into the world, even 
so send I you into the world." Later, 
He said: "The Son of Man is come 
to seek and to save that which is 
lost." Herein we see that it is His 
purpose that His disciples work in 
His spirit for the accomplishment of 
His ends, — the redemption of man- 

To what degree are we doing this ? 
How much of our thought, energy, 
means, are we using to exalt Him in 
the sight of all men, and to bring all 
men into vital union with Him? 

The admission on our part that Jesus 
is the Christ involves both the recog- 
nition of His authority and the im- 
plicit doing of His will. 

Christ alone can meet the world's 
need. Only as men everywhere are 
brought into a right relation to Him, 
can they realize their- highest possi- 
bilities. Our Saviour rightly de- 
mands a place at the heart of every 
man's life. All things, as Paul so 
distinctly points out in the Epistle to 
the Ephesians, are to be summed up 
in Him as head. His truth, His 
will, recognized and obeyed by men, 
will bring the greatest boon earth can 


On the other hand, there is a 
world requiring His love, His wis- 
dom and His power. Without Him 
no man anywhere can reach his high- 
est possibilities. 

A deep, thorough conviction of the 
essentialness of Christ to every man, 
will impel us to a hearty support of 
Home and Foreign Missions, will 
move us to take or send the Gospel 
to all. As without the sunlight the 
earth would have neither bloom nor 
beauty, so human character, unillum- 
ined and untransformed by Him who 
is the light of the world, comes far 
short of full growth and development. 
A keen sense of the absolute need 
of every individual for Christ will 
lead to such a use of time, talent and 
possessions, as will insure world-wide 
diffusion of the Gospel, which is al- 
ways the power of God unto salva- 
tion unto all who receive Him whom 
it reveals. 

To the Christian young people of 
the present age the Master seems to 
be saying : ' ' Who say ye that I am ? ' ' 
By the ideal young people hold fixedly 
before them; by the generosity of 
their gifts; by the measure of their 
zeal for the extension of the Kingdom 
of Christ, they are answering this 



question so loudly that all about 
them may hear. This call to the 
young people of the Congregational 
churches to take a deeply sympa- 
thetic interest in an aggressive cam- 
paign for the evangelization of our 
country, is the call of Christ Himself. 
This call is distinct. It is forceful. 
It is importunate. Vast opportuni- 
ties for extension are open to the 
Congregational Home Missionary So- 
ciety. Whether these shall be met 
depends in a large measure upon the 
attitude of young people to the com- 
mands of the Saviour. The young 
people of the churches have it in 
their power to make it possible for 

the Society to take prompt advantage 
of new and splendid openings. 

The immediate need of the Society, 
representing the need of the great 
territory to be occupied, and ex- 
pressed in dollars, is for $80,000 in 
excess of the amount received last 
year. This will necessitate an in- 
crease of one-third in the Home Mis- 
sion offerings of the churches. This 
need is based on careful, conservative 
estimates of the field superintendents. 
The call comes from the great hus- 
bandman Himself, and marks the 
natural development of the work. 




THE Congregational Church at 
Fort Pierre occupies a unique 
place among the churches of 
South Dakota. It was established in 
1890 and is the only protestant 
church in a place of five hundred pop- 
ulation. The work is necessarily 
slow owing to the foreign character 
of the people, most of them being in- 
terested in stock raising. Fort Pierre 
is on the eastern border of the vast 
range country. This great sec- 
tion, one hundred miles square, is 
destitute of religious and Sabbath- 

school privileges. There are open- 
ings for preaching, although the 
points would be many miles apart. 
The cow-boys and ranchers are large 
hearted and generous. Many are 
from fine families and are well edu- 
cated. This whole country will be 
soon taken up by homeseekers. A 
building boom has already taken 
possession of Fort Pierre — and with 
the inrush of new settlers next year 
will be one of opportunity and prom- 
ise. The lack of a suitable place 
where cow-boys could find home ac- 




commodations while in town for a 
few days, led the Christian Endeavor 
Society of the Fort Pierre church 
to establish what is known as the 
" Christian Endeavor Rest." 

A large hearted business man did a 
magnanimous thing by suppliyng a 
building and fitting it up especially 
for the purpose. The result is that 
a large, sightly building now stands 
upon a prominent business street, 
adding much to the attractiveness of 
the little city. 

This building contains twenty 
rooms, among them an office, a large 
reception-room, a reading-room in 
which are not only papers and maga- 
zines, but a library. The ranch men 
and the towns people have free access 
to all the reading matter. The build- 
ing has also a kitchen, a dining-room, 
a laundry, a bath-room, and rooms 
containing fifteen beds. 

Charges are made for occupying 
the beds at night, all else is free. 
If a bath-room and lunch counter 
are added (which we hope may be 
done in the near future) these will 

also necessitate a charge. The ' ' Rest ' ' 
is not a business enterprise. If 
it can be made to pay running 
expenses the management will be 
satisfied. If the income exceeds the 
expenses the surplus money will be 
used in making the building more 
attractive. It is not operated in op- 
position to hotels and restaurants. 
It is not being conducted in the in- 
terest of any church. 

The name of The Rest and the good 
work it is doing has already spread 
far out on the ranges. All who call 
or who seek entertainment are loud 
in praise of the object sought and the 
manner in which the work is con- 
ducted. The pastor of the Church, 
the Rev. F. E. Hall, is manager. 

This building is the social center of 
the town. Every day and evening 
the rooms are more or less resorted 
to by young people. Every month 
a public sociable is held under the 
direction of the Ladies' Social Union, 
composed of one hundred members, 
who are divided into six sections, 
each section serving twice a year. 




These social gatherings are largely 
attended and are very popular. A 
literary and musical programme is 
carried out and luncheon is served 

each month. The special needs of 
this important work will cheerfully 
be made known by Mr. Hall to any 
who desire to help. 


By the Rev. Ernest Bourner Allen 

Pastor Washington Street Congregational Church, Toledo, Ohio 


HERE there is no wood 
the fire goeth out." 
Facts are the fuel for 
your fire. The leader who, under the 
permission of his strategic board, the 
missionary committee, goes to battle 
with old, poorly constructed weapons, 
deserves the defeat he courts so 
wantonly. In a day of rifles he can- 
not fight with a blow gun. No man 
ignores the Civil War because he is 
conversant with the war with Spain 
and gets his timely illustrations from 

the latter. No worker depreciates 
Stephen's stoning who recalls the 
massacred martyrs at Shansi. But 
the difference in range is something 
tremendous. Yesterday is far away. 
To-day presses close upon us. Get 
and give the facts of to-day. 

Follow current events. Take im- 
migration. April 10, 1903, was a 
record breaker, for 10,236 souls en- 
tered at Castle Garden, making over 
40,000 in ten days. Where did they 
go? The majority of them to our 



cities where beats the heart of the 
nation. There are groups of for- 
eigners in some cities larger in num- 
ber than in any city of their home 
land! What nationality do they rep- 
resent? Not so sturdy, thrifty and 
promising a class as the emigrant of 
ten years ago. Here is a task for 
all that a man has of Christian hero- 
ism and patience. 

Take Mormonism, aggressive, sub- 
tle, silent, daring. Only a few months 
ago two fine Christian girls from an 
Endeavor Society in New York were 
enticed by Mormon missionaries to 
go to Utah, whence one of them es- 
caped with bitter memories of that 
blighting spot. 

Study a single Western State, Mon- 
tana, of which it' is affirmed by an 
authority that it will hold all the 
population of the globe and then have 
a ratio of but fifteen to an acre! 
What issues are involved in its life? 
Shall we neglect to plant and sup- 
port there the gospel of Jesus Christ ? 

Think of the problem in a typical 
town in Michigan's upper peninsula. 
When I visited it a few years ago it 
was estimated to have 1,200 popula- 
tion and fourteen saloons. There was 
not a building of brick or stone. The 
streets were laid out but the walks 
were mostly boards nailed on top of 
the stumps still standing. The stores 
were one-story, board structures. 
Two papers furnished the news. Two 
big mills furnished labor. And in 
that spot there was not a single 
church, Sunday-school, service of any 

kind! Why? We need money and 

Read history. The history of Amer- 
ica is the story of Home Missionary 
foresight, heroism, sacrifice and vic- 
tory. Let the youth of New England 
match the foresight and perseverance 
of the fathers, in giving money and 
men for the " wild and woolly West." 
Let the youth of the Northwest Ter- 
ritory know the origin and meaning 
of the Ordinance of 1787, when 
American nationalism had its birth, 
and face the question whether there 
would be any union to-day had it 
not been for those fearless home mis- 
sionary prophets of a century ago. 
The remotest foreign field is more 
accessible to-day than were those 
new settlements at the beginning of 
the nineteenth century. The whistle 
' of the locomotive had not been heard. 
The iron plow, the friction match, 
the telegram were still dreams in the 
brain of the inventor. The river, 
the stage-coach, the emigrant wagon, 
and the saddle were the only means 
of travel, aside from the weary, dan- 
gerous tramp afoot. Patriotism and 
evangelism run like a thread of gold 
through all the winning of the West. 

All of this means that in getting and 
using the facts we must vitalize what 
is only an abstraction to many by 
translating it into the concrete. We 
must magnify the enterprise in the 
eyes of all. And we must attempt 
to match the spirit of sacrifice on the 
field by similar sacrifice in our own 


A/I Y dear Lord Jesus, help me each day to re-enter Thy school 
of prayer. Enable me to grasp the principles that must 
control in a life of prevailing prayer . As I study Thy Word, as 
I think on its life-giving truths, as I put forth effort to extend 
Thy Kingdom throughout all the earth, do Thou guide me by 
Thy Spirit, enabling me to speak in true accents of Thy tone. 
Fill me with Thy Spirit; give me Thy wisdom; and so work 
in me and through me that Thy holy will may be done in my 
life. These great gifts I seek, that Thy name may be glorified 
in me. Amen. 


FOR the new programme, "Our Duty 
to the Stranger," there was an unprece- 
dented demand. Both the first and second 
editions were quickly exhausted and a 
third edition required. Altogether sixteen 
thousand copies were asked for. A third 
edition, for use in Woman's Home Mission 
Meetings, has been printed and copies will 
be supplied on request. 

Four new and attractive booklets, which 
will be of deep interest and great value 
to Congregational young people, are ex- 
pected from the press October 15: "The 
Debt of American Young People to Their 
Country," by the Rev. Dr. Francis E. 
Clark; "The Value of Organized Mission- 
ary Effort," by the Rev. Ernest Bourner 
Allen: "How to Secure and Maintain a 
Trained Missionary Leadership." by Mr. 
Harry Wade Hicks; "The Value of a 
Motive." by Mr. Don O. Shelton. Copies 
of this suggestive missionary literature 
may be had upon application to the Con- 
gregational Home Missionary Society, 287 
Fourth Avenue, New York City. 


Miss Belle M. Brain contributes a 
very suggestive article on "Practical Work 
for Missionary Societies" to The Mission- 
ary Review of the World for September. 
Miss Brain writes especially to help socie- 
ties in the church, — women's, young peo- 
ples', and children's, that are not measur- 
ing up to their possibilities. 

The value of Home Mission boxes is 
strongly emphasized. "The sending of 
boxes of clothing, table-linen, and bedding 
to home missionaries is such an important 
part of the work that every society should 
have a share in it. The salaries received 
by these overworked and underpaid serv- 
ants of the Church are usually inadequate 
unless supplemented by a well-filled box." 
Congregational young people who will co- 
operate in this exceedingly helpful minis- 
try, through the Congregational Home 
Missionary Society, can secure full infor- 
mation by addressng the Rev. Dr. Wash- 
ington Choate, 287 Fourth Avenue, New 
York City. 

This is the method used by one Young 
People's Society in securing an offering 
for missions: Each active member puts in 
an envelope two cents a week and each 
associate member one cent a week. The 
money thus contributed is used for mis- 
sionary work outside the church. The use 
of envelopes is to be earnestly commended 
but it is doubtless better not to limit the 
amount any individual shall contribute. 

Young People's missionary meetings at 
West Groton, N. Y., have been made in- 
teresting and valuable by the presentation 
of able papers, written by members of the 
Young People's Society. Of this excellent 
plan the Rev. W. F. Ireland says: "We 
have made a specialty of Christian En- 
deavor missionary meetings. I like to 
get our young people to working out mis- 
sionary talks and essays themselves, as 
the effect upon them is the very best. A 
meeting on Home Missions included two 
essays, an address, a poem, and an oration, 
—all original, and it was capital." 

A recent titterance of one of the lead- 
ing ministers of the Presbyterian Church, 
the Rev. William Henry Roberts, D.D., 
LL.D., is worthy of the attention of all 
workers among Congregational young peo- 
ple. He said: "Home Mission work needs 
to be pushed most vigorously in every por- 
tion of the country, in particular among the 
foreign-speaking peoples who are crowding 
into the United States in greater numbers 
than ever. .... The young people of 
the church, both in Young People's So- 
cieties and Sabbath-schools, require special 
attention. If the church does not care for 
their interests in a proper manner, other 
agencies will endeavor so to do, and the 
result may be spiritually both unsatisfac- 
tory and unprofitable." 

A programme of unusual value, for use 
in young peoples' missionary meetings, 
Sunday, October 25, will be ready October 
10. A number sufficient to provide each 
attendant with a copy will be sent on 

HTHE marked difference between Christian young men and 
women, between the lukewarm and the zealous, between 
the inconsequential and the efficient, between the weak and the 
strong, is not so much an original difference as a cultivated 


A Bit of Pastoral Experience 

MAILE, of Southern Califor- 
nia, tells the following: 

One of our Home Missionary fields is in 
a somewhat isolated valley. The pastor, 
with his wife as a very competent assist- 
ant, has for some six or seven years served 
as the only minister for an extended region 
of country. 

One day there drove up to the parsonage 
a careworn appearing woman riding alone 
in a one-horse wagon. In a hesitating 
way she halted and finally decided to tie 
her horse to the hitching post. Still fur- 
ther hesitating, she slowly traversed the 
walk and knocked on the door. The 
"mistress of the manse" cordially invited 
her in and after the greetings the stranger 
said: "You do not know me, but I know 
you. I heard you give a missionary 
address several years ago. I have a great 
sorrow on my heart and you are the only 
person in all this country to whom I can 
unburden." Then followed the narration 
of domestic trouble, which had come in 
to darken this devoted woman's life, and 
after many sleepless nights had been 
passed, she came to this Christian worker 
for counsel and sympathy. She was 
minded to leave her home for good, but 
was perplexed as to the disposal of her 
three young children. Thinking it im- 
possible to hold her family together and 
her mother instincts shrinking from sepa- 
ration from the children, whom she could 
not alone support, her mind was in deepest 
agony of perplexity and darkness. After 
full consideration, the minister's wife asked 
the friend if she could not dedicate herself, 
her children, and the recreant husband 
to God for deliverance and strength. 
Kneeling together in prayer a comforting